The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California on September 11, 1938 · Page 2
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The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California · Page 2

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Sunday, September 11, 1938
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r PAGE TWO SAN BERNARDINO DAILY SUN, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1938 F. D. R. Turns A ttention to Crisis Developing Over Czechoslovakia BRITAIN WARNS NAZIS AGAINST HULL S ill NATION'SHEAD RASH ACTS IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA HINES COUNSEL IKES III FDR MISTRIAL Huge Italian Army in Drive Upon Loyalists Colonel Says 86,000 of Mussolini's Best Attempt to Crash Gandesa Lines GETS REPORTS ON TRIP WEST m s N 1 .inn, -TBMto, Question by District Attorney Nettles Judge Pecora, Who Quickly Orders Recess in one quarter of tho town. Back of it In the wooded hills I could sco the steady flash of insurgent artillery. Below us on the criss-crossing roads through the green farmland of tho valley wo could see white puffs of smeko from the exploding shells. The scream of shells and their detonation echoed from the surrounding heights into a continuous booming noise, (By Associated Press) LONDON, Sept 10. Great Britain has warned Adolf Hitler himself British neutrality cannot be counted on if Germany should start a major war over Czechoslovakia, it was reported in authoritativ quarters tonight. A British semi-official statement issued tonight declared as a result of contacts made by Sir evile Henderson, British ambassador, at the Nazi party congress at Nurn berg, Germany, this week, "there is every reason to feel assured the views of the British government have been fully conveyed In the proper quarter." Britain had feared her stand was not being impressed upon Hitler himself, and that, uninformed of the British attitude, he might chart a more aggressive course than oth crwise in his eagerly-awaited foreign policy address at Nurnberg Monday. Tonight's statement, however, let little doubt the fuehrer now knows where the British government stands. It was evident Sir Nevlle was convinced the Germans now know he is not bluffing, and it is no longer necessary for him to see Chancellor Hitler personally to drive this fact home. The statement said: "It was stated tonight in authoritative quarters that during his visit to Nurnberg the British ambas sador has had valuable opportunities of meeting with the principal German leaders. "He has not either had or sought any interview with Herr Hitler other than the courtesy meeting during the diplomatic reception, but this is not supposed to have been an occasion of anything more than a general conversation, nor indeed was this necessary. "Having obtained a full report of the contacts he has made, there is every reason for the British ministers to feel assured the views of his majesty's government have been fully conveyed in the proper quarter." Sir Nevile's principal contacts were with Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, whom he saw only yesterday, and Field Marshal Hermann Wllhelm Goering, "second man" of the Nazi relch. Before the report came late today there had been doubt expressed in high quarters the British envoy (By Associated Press) NEW YORK, Sept. 10. Immediate outcome of tho trial of James J. Hines, veteran Tammany district leader, on policy racked charges hung in doubt tonight as Supreme Court Justice Ferdinand Pecora weighed a defenso motion for a mistrial, based on a question asked an important defense witness by District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey. Tho move climaxed a controversial session, in which Lyon Boston, lawyer and former assistant district attorney under William C. Dodge, testified Dodge assigned him in 1934 to investigate the policy racket with especial emphasis on any possible connection Hines might have with it. ' "WINDOW-DRESSING" Dewey sought to show that Dodge's assignment of Boston was mere "window-dressing," since Boston, a young man, manifestly lacked the experience needed to get at the roots of the policy racket. Dewey was proceeding calmly, and Boston, who was to catch a ship for Bermuda, was glancing anxiously at tho clock, when the district attorney suddenly aaked: "Don't you know that William Fellows Morgan Jr., commissioner of markets, testified before the grand Jury about James J. Hines' connection with the poultry racket?" Before Boston could reply, Lloyd Paul Stryker, defense counsel, his face red, his eyes flashing, wbb on his feet asking for the doclaratlon of a mistrial, JUSTICE NETTLED Dewey's question, ho said, was "intentionally prejudicial to the defendant." Sir Nevile Henderson, British home to a critical cabinet conference. Pictured above are Lord Halifax, right, foreign minister; Sir John Simon, left, chancellor of the exchequer, and Lord Henderson, center, emerging from the British foreign office. 1 CHECK 1 ESS Secretary Declares No Country Can Avoid Responsibilities; Directs Words at Europe (Continued from Page One) participation, willing or not, In the responsibility of determining which course of action shall prevail. " x x x Tho grave problems con fronting tho world today afford the American republics, united by a oommon ideal, an opportunity to set an example to the world through the creation of new bonds of soli darity and friendship." Continuing, he said: "The American nations have made an important contribution to the cause of world peace by the elaboration of an inter-American society based upon respect for the Independence, sovereignty and po litical equality of nations, x x x NEW OPPORTUNITY "The program for the forthcom ing conference offers abundant op portunity for the American nations to consider further means of guar anteeing peaceful continental neighborly life, and of solving the many existing important questions of a political, Juridical and economic character." Secretary Hull Indicated ho would appoint the American delegates lat er. He personally attended the last Pan-American conference at Monte video, Uruguay, in 1933. Prior to publication of his letter of acceptance, Hull had refused earlier today to add anything to President Roosevelt's remarks at Hyde Park yesterday. The President had told reporters that interpretations that the United States was morally linked with European nations in a "stop Hitler" move ment were about 100 per cent wrong. Republicans of State in Rally (Bv Associated Press) PITTSBURGH, Sept. 10. Penn sylvania Republicans, plunging into a campaign to recapture control of the state government they lost four years ago after a tenure of nearly a half century, rallied today behind a 19-plank platform assailing the state's "little new deal" administration. The preamble of the platform declared the two chief issues were restoration of Jobs in private industry and "re-establishment of honest government at Harrlsburg" where a legislative committee now Is investigating campaign charges against Gov. George H. Earle and 13 associates. The Earle administration, the preamble said, "has brought the state of Pennsylvania to the verge of moral and financial bankruptcy" and has "incited class hatreds, fomented labor strifes, and encouraged the spread and accepted the support of Communism to the great damage to American institutions." Chrysler Corporation To Reduce Car Price (By United Press) DETROIT, Sept. 10. Reports that automobile prices would be increased with the introduction of 1939 models were alleviated today by an announcement from the Plymouth division of Chrysler corporation that the new Plymouth will be as much as $15 less than last year's car. .It was the first 1939 price announcement made by the automobile industry. 74-Passenger Plane I Making Trial Cruise ! SEATTLE, Sept. 10. Boeing aircraft company's 74-passcnger transoceanic clipper, built for Pan American airways, made its second test flight today. The 41-ton ship, ' trying Its new two rudders for the first time in the air, was expected to cruise around Puget Sound for an hour or two. On its first flight three Nazi Leaders Clamor for War; Czechs' President Asks Peace By ROBERT OKIN (AssnclHted Press Writer) WITH SPANISH GOVERNMENT FORCES ON THE EBRO RIV3R FRONT, SOUTH CATALONIO, Sept. 10. Col. Juan Modesto Gull-lotto, 32-year-old commander of the government's Ebro army, estimated today that 86,000 Italian soldiers were being used in tho insurgont drive to smash the government salient near Gandosa. These, he said, included infantrymen, artillerymen, drivers and technicians, forming the bulk of an :n-surgent army of 100,000 which confronts the government horo. Within a saucer-shaped area around Camposinas and Corbcra, a few miles north of Gandesa where mountains form the rim of the "saucer," government forces nave taken the heaviest punishment that Insurgent field guns, planes and tanks could inflict. TAKE PUNISHMENT At this stage in third insurgent counter-offensive since Aug. 5 it was a question of how much punishment the government troops could take in a purely defensive position. They had clung fast to tnls sector of the new front formed by the July 25 offensive across the Ebro. Col. Modesto Guillotto, a corpu lent, friendly man, stood on a peak which provided an almost airplane view of the battle zone. Two insurgent airplanes were circling and diving at hidden gov ernment llr.oi', machine-gunning again and again. The colonel waved airily at the battlefield. "This," he said, "has been a quiet day. You should nave been here two days ago. I have been through most of the big cam paigns since the war began but I never saw anything like that." Corbcra lay in crumbled ruins. White smoke rose lazily from a fire (Continued from Page One) dition which produced war. He defended his theory of expropriation when he said that "wealth which is neither the product of work nor capital should be enjoyed by all." The president urged the workers to organize and work harder than ever to make the sovereignty of weak nations respected, and, without referring directly to it, eulogized tho doctrine of Carlos Calvo, Argentine publicist and historian, against the use of force In the collection of international debts. The president closed with a recommendation to the nations of America to form a strong alliance to guarantee their independence. He also urged creation of a continental navy large enough to defend the new world republics against any aggression from outside the western hemisphere. G.O.P. Committee Reports $6,274 Loss (By Aimoolated Press) WASHINGTON, Sept. 10. The Republican national committee re ported today income of $788,185 and expenditures of $794,459 during the first eight months of this year. A report to the clock of the House for the period ending with August showed scores of individuals had contributed from $1 to $5,000 to the National Republican party chest. Rattlesnake Bites Keeper, Then Dies (By Associated Press) SANTA CRUZ, Sept. 10. Ray Hensel, reptile show employe at the beach, was very much alive today but a rattlesnake which bit him was dead. , The snake bit Hensel 10 days ago and the man refused medical aid until his arm began to swell. business that, although tne car makers each year try to make their vehicles sturdier than ever, they create their own merchandising problems by incluenclng owners to want to exchange thorn as each new model is introduced. The 1939 selling season will be no exception to this trend, for the industry needs a sharp upward surge In new car demand. There will be some sales without trade-Ins, but they will be relatively few and a used car problem Is almost a certainty sometime during the late winter or spring months unless consumer demand reaches proportions at present unexpected. One of the merchandising facts better known to the trade than to LIS H IS FOREIGN ACTS Domestic Problems Secondary In Importance to Foreign Conflagration Threats By FREDERICK A. STORM (United Press Correspondent) ABOARD ROOSEVELT SPECIAL, En Route to Rochester, Minn., Sept. 10. President Roosevelt tonight focused his attention on tho critical international situation as his train roarer westward toward Minnesota where his son, James, lies seriously ill. No direct word cam from the rear ear where the chief executive studied the latest reports of de velopments growing out of the warning of Chancellor Adolf Hitler that Germany was "determined t capitulate to no one," but closs friends did not minimize his concern over th events. PEACE PARAMOUNT They indicated, moreover, the threat to world peace had reached such proportions as to subordinate the President's Interest in the do-mestlce political situation with its challenges to New Deal prestige. Mr: Roosevelt, who will arrive 'in Rochester Sunday morning and ''remain for several days, was expected to keep in close telephone communication with the state department for advices from embassies abroad, although they them selves are experiencing difficulty in marshaling information evaluating the true picture. Meanwhile, the President await- . ed reaction to his remarks at Hyde Park, N. Y., to the effect America was not "morally aligned" with European democracies In a "stop Hitler" movement Mr. Roosevelt spent most of the day at work in the drawing room of his private car examining the contents of an official pouch placed on the train during an operating stop at Cleveland. Thig evening he chatted with Harry Hopkins, Works Progress administrator, who is accompanying him to Rochester. WILL VISIT SON t Rochester will be reached at 9:30 a. m. (CST) Sunday and Mr. Roosevelt is expected to motor directly to the Mayo clinic for a visit with , James, his eldest son and secretary, who will undergo an opera- . tion Monday for gastric ulcers. James arrived at the hospital ; early in the ' week accompanied .by his mother who flew with him from the East. His wife also is there. Administration attaches said they expected the President to remain in Rochester until Tuesday night at least and perhaps longer. From Rochester he will return to Hyde Park to remain a few days before going back to Washington and from there to Chattanooga, Tenn., where he will deliver a speech Sept. 21 in connection with the celebration of the anniversary of the battle of Lookout mountain. (Continued from Page One) west, posted reinforced patrols along the river banks near Basel following upon the removal of the central pontoon of a pontoon bridge spanning the Rhine. At the same time it was announced Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet was leaving on a flying visit to Geneva from where he would return to Paris Monday morning. Informed sources said Bonnet hoped to bring French pressure on Rumania to agree to allow the passage of Soviet troops and supplies through Rumania to aid Czechoslovakia in event of a conflict. (A Geneva dispatch reported tnat Foreign Commissar Maxim Lit-vinoff of Soviet Russia and Foreign Minister PetreBCU Comnen of Rumania talked for the second day on the problem without reaching a decision.) Suspects in Boxcar Burglaries Arrested (By United Press) SACRAMENTO, Sept 10. Four men were held in Jail here today and three others in Oakland as railroad and police authorities in both cities questioned them in connection with a statewide ring of truck and boxcar burglars. Held here were Claude Roberts, H, R. L. Morgan. 418, Joseph Murphy, 28, and Y. Shibata, 23, all of Sacramento. Oakland officers detained Dan Mulder, 40, H. M. Grove, 35, and George Lewis. The men were taken Into custody after more than $5,003 of cigars, clarets and tobucro was taken from northern California boxcars. finch m STILL GIB to It in he Troops romalnod hidden, although once I saw a little file of soldiers liko a parade of black ants along a dusty road. Insurgent watchms saw them, too, and greeted thoir appearance with frequent but not very accurato shcllflro. At another time a few light shells screamed over our hilltop observation post to crash into a hill beyond. OFFICER IS CALM "They must have seen us," Col, Modesto Guillotto romarked casually. "We had better get down." Back in well-camouflaged headquarters, the colonel took up his field telephone and discussed the course of the battle in his lisping Andalusian accent. His shirt was open at the neck and his sleeves were rolled up. His eyes were bloodshot from lack of sleep, but he talked easily, pleasantly and with a sprinkling of profanity as most Spanish soldiers do. Finished with his conversation, he turned and said: "This is the most formidable fight I have ever seen. Last month they used 95 ' tanks on a front of six kilometers (about four miles). They used more planes in one day than I have ever seen. "Now they have about 100,000 men, Including 11 divisions of their best shock troops, and they aro narrowing their drive down to push ahead a few kilometers." i IE Tl HA SURE s KE (Continued from Page One) complaint of Lulu Darling, a picket, as the result of a clash on the second day of the strike. Miss Darling charged Hale with striking her. The department store employes' union, principal unit of the strikers, issued a bulletin denouncing "a spool-of-thread brigade" which it assorted was being organized by the wives of employers to combat the strike. Organizers of the "brigade" were represented as having urged all women acquaintances to demonstrate their disapproval of the strike by doing their shopping regardless of the picket lines, and to visit the stores if only to buy "a spool of thread." "It will take more than 'a spool of thread' to sew up the cause for which we are fighting," said the union statement Mrs. Anna Blake Mczquida, a writer, who said she started the buy campaign, issued a statement denying that the women made up a "stooge" organization of the employers. She also contradicted what she said were reports that the women were being paid by the employers. Members of the clerks' union and other workers representing a score of other unions originally demanded union shop, the 35-hour week and a seniority system. They withdrew 35-hour demand and substituted a compromise proposal for the union shop but employers re jected their final offer. After three days of picketing the unions announced they had withdrawn all their compromise pro posals, indicating they would re turn to their demand for the union shop and the 35-hour week. All the affected stores continued operating. The unions claimed a membership of 7,000 in the 35 stores and said 6,000 workers quit. The employers said only 4,000 walked out. the general public Is that for several years the Industry has had to sell many more second-hand cars than new units. At one period a littlo over a year ago 60 to 65 out of every 100 cars sold were vehicles the dealers obtained in trade-Ins. Yet neither producer nor distributor would do away entirely with the used car business. Statisticians of the industry have figured there are something like 11,000,000 automobile-owning Individuals who never buy a new car. The sales exports of tho Industry that seek to provide new cars In every possible price range say these millions of persons "cannot afford to buy anything but used cars." ambassador to Berlin, was summoned quarters Britain had done all she could before Hitler's momentous Monday speech. There was belief in these quarters, however, a direct approach to Hitler by Sir Nevile or by the prime minister would be fraught with danger in Nurnberg's emotional atmosphere, since anything in the nature of a threat would affront the fuehrer's dignity. t . guages, came shortly after negotiations between the government and the Sudeten Germans over the latter"s autonomy demands were reopened after a three-day interruption. Speaking also Just two days before Chancellor Adolf Hitler of Germany closes the Nazi party congress in Nurnberg with an Important address, Bones emphasized Czechoslovakia wanted peace and would do all she could to promote faith and good will among nations. NEWEST PROPOSALS Referring to the government's newest proposals to meet the Sudeten German demands, which included among other things self-governing districts, Benes declared: "These are elaborated to give to the state what belongs to the state and to the nationalities what belongs to the nationalities. "At the same time we are endeavoring to guarantee the individual against the whole, minority against majority and freedom of thought and national rights. "This applies to Czechs, Germans, Slovaks, Hungarians, Ruthenlans and Poles. Our democratic conditions make us proceed in this manner." In today's negotiations, Ernst Kundt, Sudeten German deputy, conferred more than an hour with Premier Milan Hodza. The premier was believed to be more optimistic, although no definite information of the course of the conference was given out. Negotiations had been broken off last Wednesday after disorders at Maehrisch-Ostrau. 1 School Teacher Too Realistic in Work (By Associated Press) WENONAH, N. J., Sept. 10. Olive F. Jordan, a teacher, today planned her reply to charges of "shocking the nervous systems" of her first grade pupils by realistically describing the horrors of war and automobile accidents. A group of parents who filed the charges retained Gloucester County Prosecutor Lynwood Lord as counsel to seek Miss Jordan's dismissal. The school board gave her until next week to reply. Wine Producers Will Get Fair Trade Code (By United Press) SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 10. A code of fair trade practices for tho nation's major wlno- producing states was announced today as tho result of a conference of 200 vintners presided over by R. E. Freer, Federal trade commissioner of Washington, D. O. would be able to convince Von Ribbentrop, and through him, Hitler, of the serious danger of British intervention if force were applied against Czechoslovakia. No further public move by the Chamberlain government was expected before Monday's crucial cabinet session. Sir Nevile's assurances failed to satisfy soma important diplomatic No Smoking Allowed at Hitler Tea (By United Press) NURNBERG, Germany Sept. 10. Fuehrer Adolf Hitler today attended a tea given to foreign diplomats by Fp.r. eign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and on each table was a sign: "We request you not to smoke while the fuehrer Is present." Hitler doesn't smoke and abhors its odor. He sat with Lord Stamp of Shortlands, noted British economist, Others present included the representatives of Japan, Italy and nationalist Spain, and Konrad Henleln, the Czech Nazi leader, who was warmly greeted by Hitler. France and Belgium "until further notice." The decree will be effective Sept. 20. (The decree, signed by Goering, said the areas would be patrolled by German military planes which would use rocket signals to order any trespassing plane to land at the nearest point outside the for bidden zone. The decree said trespassing craft would be fired on if they disobeyed.) Goering was bitter and sarcastic in dealing with Czechoslovakia. He called it a "state without culture" and a "splinter" which "has Mos cow behind it and Its eternal Jew ish mask." He asked whether this 'splinter" should be the master over cultured ioik tne suaeien Germans. OFFERS FRIENDSHIP PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Sept. 10. President Eduard Benes held out the hand of friendship tonight to Nazi Germany and appealed for peace in a broadcast warning any clashes in the Sudcnten German- Czechoslovak dispute might threat en the peace of all Europe. He pleaded with the people to "be calm" and pledged the government to work for Justice for all nationalities. "If Imperialist powers were to enter into relations between the nationalities," he said, "a regrettable shadow would be thrown over the future of cooperation among them. "I believe the German people as well as the Czechs, Slovaks and all the others truly desire to work together in quiet." The president's address, broadcast in Czech and German lan Justice Pecora, who clashed with Dewey numerous times during Boston's cross-examination, looked nettled. His brows lowered, his Jaw jutted out farther than usual. r "I shall reserve decision," he said. "The court will now take a recess until Monday morning at 10 o'clock." He leaned forward and beckoned to Dewey, whose face was flushed. The district attorney moved forward to the bench and Pecora began speaking to him in a vigorous undertone. Stryker's assistant, Harold Shapiro, said outside of court no memorandum would be submitted on the motion, since "it Is so plain no memorandum is needed." Candidate Bares Attack, Scorned NEW ORLEANS, Sept 10. Congressional Candidate James J. Morrison charged today he was shot through the arm from ambush over politics but Gov. Richard W. Lecbe, supporter of the incumbent Representative, J. K. Griffith, asserted the incident was a "cheap publicity stunt." Morrison said an unidentified man Jumped on his car in the darkness at his camp near Hammond, La., fired three shots and fled. Physicians said the wound was not serious. "It is apparent," Morrison said at a hospital," "an attempt was made to kill me to get me out of the way in this campaign." "This affair," countered the gov-" ernor from Shreveport, "is simply a cheap publicity stunt of a desperate, unscrupulous and repudiated politician. "The new streamlined Innovation In politics seems to be poisonings and shootings on the eve of election. In both cases the victims always recover physically but never survive politically." iviornson said tne governors charge was "typical of Leche." Netting Over Buggy Strangles Baby Girl HOLLYWOOD, Sept. 10. The baby daughter of Movie Director Ralph Graves was dead today, strangled by the netting over her buggy. The four-month-old child, named Carla, was on tho front porch in charge of a nurse. The nurse turned to see the girl hanging half out of the buggy, neck entangled in tho netting. Artificial respira tion was futile. Mrs. Graves is the former Betty Flournoy, who made her debut in St. Louis In 1933. Automobile Magnate Predicts Good Future (By Associated Press) NEW, YORK, Sept. lO.-William S. Knudscn, president of General Motors corporation, predicted today tnat automobile production for 1939 would show an IncroaBO to 25 to 40 per cent over 1938. Knudscn, sailing for a five-week tour of his company's European plants, based his prediction 'on th fact that new and used car stocks are so low." (Continued from Page One) ade, "even if war should last 30 years." Goering, like no one else among Hitler's lieutenants, was the man put the idea across he with his homely language and sense of hu mor. His exposition of the Nazi position in the Czechoslovak situation was regarded as so clear, precise and unmistakable that in the Nazi opinion further parleys by the British, who have been seeking a settlement here and In Prague, seemed superfluous. Sir Nevile Henderson, the British ambassador, did not see Hitler. There had been reports he was seeking directly or indirectly to tell the fuehrer of the gravity with which the London government views the situation. NO INSTRUCTIONS British embassy sources said Sir Nevile had no instructions to try for a contact with Hitler. The envoy Intended to leave Nurnberg tomorrow. (In London, a semi-official statement was issued stating "there Is every reason for the British minister to feel assured the views of his majesty's government have been fully conveyed In the proper quarter." was reported reliably this meant Britain was convinced Hitler himself was fully aware Britain's neutrality could not be counted upon event of war over Czechoslovakia.) Goering in his speech expressed contempt for democracies, especially Britain. "It would not be a bad idea for the English, before chattering about peace, to establish peace in their Jew state (Palestine) down there," declared. Gocbbels' theme was that Bolshevism flourishes only on democratic soil. Repeating the Nazi argument freedom of the press in the United States in reality is non-existent, he singled out for attack former United States Ambassador William E. Dodd for his "laments on the decay of German culture." ANSWERS ATTACKS Of the Sudeten problem he said "Jewish democratic mouthpieces howl about persecutions in Germany while disregarding oppression suffered by Sudetens, Slovaks, Hungarians and Ukranians in so-called democratic Czechoslovakia, "Pious Anglo-Saxon democrats Ignore religious persecutions In Russia and Spain and don't remember early Sudeten attempts to secure autonomy, for which President Wilson held a brief, were smothered In blood under Masaryk (late President Thomas Masaryk)." (In Berlin tonight the Official Gazette published a decree forbidding all commercial air traffic over certain western border areas facing months ago the clipper stayed up The snake stopped eating imme-only a little more than a half hour. I diately and later died. 'Eye Appeal' Seen in New Models Of U.S. Autos, Other Changes Few (By Associated Press) DETROIT, Sept. 10. The motorcar Industry has spent many mil lions of dollars to bring out its 1939 models, but the mechanical changes are to be subordinated to the alterations In design and general appearance. 1 The trade calls It "eye appeal," the designers call It "ityllng," and most of the potential buyers call it "new lines." Whatever 'you choose to call it, it is the annual effort of the motorcar manufacturer to accentuate tho obsolescence of the car you bought last year, 4he year before that or five years ago. It is one of the seemingly paradoxical facts of the automobile

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