The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California on December 6, 1936 · Page 27
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The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California · Page 27

San Bernardino, California
Issue Date:
Sunday, December 6, 1936
Page 27
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B iruci moirs Idaho Senator Receives Rare Volume Y From People Suffering Under War Treaty f PS M5i Iron-Jawed Senator William E. Borah, of Idaho, Whose Bitter Fight Against Imposition of the Trianon Treaty Won for Him An Unusual Honor From the People of Hungary. Senator Borah Asserted That Hungary Was Crucified By Terms of the Treaty. almost impossible to reproduce with a camera The cover is hand tooled calfskin and the book weighs eighteen pounds. The case containing it .is covered by a plate glass window and is bound in the same material. It contains about one hundred pages, all hand decorated in colors and one page is by what was supposed to be a lost art formerly practiced by the monks. THE book is a gift from the Hungarian Readjustment League, and was sent to William E. Borah by Victor Drozdy, Editor of "Az Iras," Chicago, on Sept. 26, 1932. This volume has been appraised at a value of $10,000.00. Along with this volume came a map made of inlaid woods which represents the government of Hungary before and after the war, or showing the effects of the Treaty of Trianon as she is pictured, a nation crucfied upon the cross. The book is now in the possession of the Idaho State Historical Society of Boise, Idaho, in the custody of the librarian. To portray the unselfish attitude of Senator Borah, I should like to relate an incident, known to few persons. Friends of the senator at one time during the hey day of finances, had made a first mortgage loan of him to the extent of $5,000. The depression came along and the man who borrowed the money passed away. His widow worked at whatever employment she l onlcl find to scrape up the interest to keep alive the mortgage on her home. Senator Borah heard of this, and on Christmas, 1935, a letter from him contained the mortgage marked "paid in full," without any explanation. The senator has less money today than he had when he entered the United States Senate as a young man. It is readily understood why he is so loved by all states and nations. Undoubtedly he will go down in history with George Washington, Abraham Lincoln and the great founders of our country. Here are several pages from the beautiful album presented to Senator Borah: From the mayor of the Royal Free Borough of Sopron M' R. SENATOR: At sunset on 14th Decem ber 1921 a peal of bells rang out over the old-world streets of the town of Sopron. The inhabitants were rejoicing because that day they had been allowed to prove their loyalty to their ancient fatherland, Hungary, in a plebescite controlled by an interalliance commission made up of generals. The unjust peace treaty of Trianon had adjudged Sopron to Austria even that former ally of ours with whom for centuries we had lived In peace under a common ruler and with whom, shoulder to shoulder, we fought to the bitter end of the world war, had demanded a share of torn and bleeding Hungary. The Austrian army had made preparations to occupy the town on 28th August 1921, but in the eleventh hour a burst of national feeling flamed up and the Austrians were met with a storm of bullets. Mr. Senator, you have raised your voice on the side of Hungary's just mum. Tour words are aa echo of American publto opinion. The ftu,'S -T JE : 1 fifS. Photograph of One of the Illuminated Pages From the Treasured Volume Presented to Senator Borah by the Populace of the Unfdrtunate Nation. Miss Ester Hanifen, of the Idaho With the Volume, Which Was By the strong will, patriotism and honesty ot American citizens have made your nation the first in the world Mr. Senator, your sense of justice and your brave and candid statements have insured you a place in the hearts of eight million Hungarians. From the meettng ot the Corporation o (ht City of Debreczen: YOUR Excellency: In the name ot its 117,000 inhabitants, the Corporation of the City of Debreczen, the Eastern Capital of mutilated Hungary, begs to do homage to Your Excellency on the occasion of your recent and most significant declaration. By this declaration in which you identify yourself with the principles held by the foreign friends of our country you have raised your powerful voice In behalf of the justness of Hungary's cause and the resurrection of our nation, thereby drawing universal attention to the necessity for revising the peace treaties. Your attitude is to us a promise that good sense will finally triumph and that even In the midst of this general crisis the conviction will prevail that the Treaty of Trianon must be modified an-1 Unit Hungary who has been devastated XT$ HW--. State Historical Society, Is Pictured Turned Over to the Organization Senator. after having fought a thousand years in the service of Western culture must be released from the clutch under which she if being strangled. ' The Corporation ot the City ot Debieczen sends to Your Excellency this expression of its profound respect and gratitude for your frank manifestation, and prays God's blessing on your further activities. We take this opportunity to Invite Your Excellency to see Hungary for yourself and to honor our city with your visit that we may have the privilege of expressing to you directly our gratitude and high esteem. From the Municipal Council of the Free Borough of Gyor: Royal M' R. SENATOR: At the general meetine of the Municipal Council of the Royal Free Borough of Gyor held this day, honorable mention was made of you, Mr. Senator, who, at the .time when the French Premier was in America, drew the attention of the world to the question of revision; In other words, were pleased to raise your voice, the voice of conviction that must carry far, on behalf of the Hun- With the Volume, Which is Valued at $10,000, Came a Map Made of Inlaid Woods, Representing the Governments of Hungary Before and After the War. garian nation Trianon. crushed under the peace of That genuine and lasting sense of gratitude felt by all classes of Hungarian society towards your person, Mr. Senator, for what you have done for this downtrodden nation, buffeted by fate, has found a hearty response in the bosoms of the Municipal Council of the Royal Free Borough of Gyor. That Council, as one representative of Hungarian public opinion, holds your important attitude towards the unjust and Untenable peace treaty of Trianon in high esteem; for in it we see the beginnings of justice for Hungary and the dawn of a brighter future for the country. We believe, Mr. Senator, that your sagacious attitude an attitude based upon a wide knowledge of international politics in proclaiming the need for a revision of the peace treaties in the interests of European consolidation will help to bring public opinion to see that the Hun garian nation living as it does in the heart of Europe is an important factor in international economics and in civilization, and that it would be to the interests of the whole world to preserve that race. While expressing our deep gratitude for the words of wisdom born of a courageous heart and a clear judgment and spoken in the interests of peace and harmony in Europe, we pray you to continue to be the just and powerful protector of a nation fighting for its very existence and hampered on all hands by the unjust treaties. On behalf of the general meeting of the Municipal Council of the Royal Free Borough of Gyor held on this the 30th of December 1931. From the Hungarian Frontier Readjustment League. SENATOR: The Hungarian Frontier Readjustment League, to which belong counties, towns, villages, social leagues, chambers of agriculture and farmers' associations, industrial corporations, commercial organizations, factory hands, miners, manufacturers and bankers, landowners and agricultural laborers, craftsmen, tradesmen and merchants, public, and private employees, railway and shipping employees and workmen, postal employees, Jurists, physicians, professors, chemists, teachers, and students, Catholic priests, Protestant clergymen, Jewish rabbis, churchmen, scientists, artists, poets, journalists, soldiers, officers, the whole Hungarian nation whether in dismembered Hungary or beyond her present boundaries men and women without respect of class or social position declares the Peace of Trianon to be: A cruel, senseless and intolerable dictate unworthy of the civilization of the century and out of keeping with the democratic progress of the nations, and which, besides bringing economic ruin upon Hungary and upon the whole Danube Basin, has made international reconciliation impossible by dividing the nations into two classes, victors and vanquished. Furthermore, the League declares that you, Mr. Senator, have earned the gratitude and respect ot the whole Hungarian nation when, true to the noble traditions of the United States ol America, with manly candour you took sides against the unjust treaties and for the rights of humanity and justice. From VKtor Drozdy, late member Hungarian Parliament, and editor of "Az Iraa," Chicago: D' ,EAR SENATOR BORAH: Having been on a visit to Budapest, I have been requested and privileged by the League for Revision of the Trianon Peace Treaty to bring to the United States the album I herewith deliver. It has beer a grateful and loving gesture on the part of t' Hungarian people to one of Hungary's g friends as a token of her everlasting thankf .a T gratitude to you, Senator. The album I have the honor to delive- w is one of the most beautiful illuminat ; oh of its kind. Experts say that none of tV ci.v ;!. of its kind can be compared to It p r.j merit and beauty of workmanship. The Hungarian people hope tha' v Joy Its artistic features as much enjoyed tho thought of offering .: By Lewis M. Longeteig BUDAPEST was bedecked with flags of black, draperies of mourning. Railway and street car service had stopped; banks and stores were closed. The Trianon Peace Treaty had been imposed upon the Hungarian nation, one of the strong central European powers, one of the old est governments of the western world, dating back to the close of the Roman Empire. Like other nations, Hungary had experienced Internal strife. Her empire comprised a huge territory with a population of 51 million souls. half of whom were Magyars, or ancient Hungarian descendants. Though she had been allied as a partner with Austria for several decades, she was subject to Austrian rule. Finally she asserted herself and became an independent republic, to be dissolved as the Austria-Hungary Empire in 1918, due to internal political controversies. Like the aged leader of some wolf pack, whose companions suddenly pounced upon him like pirates who mutiny over spoils so did the na tions surrounding Hungary move in upon her. The Allies, seeing the situation caused by labor and socialistic disruption, set up a cabinet representing the Hungarian parties, and equipped her with a new constitution. Meanwhile, in 1920 the Hungarian government had been compelled to sign the Trianon Treaty, agreeing to new frontiers of the Hungarian State, narrowing the border between Hungary and Rumania so drastically that it included the rail lines running through the West Transylvania uplands which formed the natural means of transportation. Northern railway communi cations were strategic points in determining new boundaries. Hungary's iron and coal sources were assigned to Czechoslovakia in the face of national defiance, leaving Hungary no natural defense, making her plains open to invasion from the mountainous region which surrounded her from the Alps to the Carpathinas THE signing of the Treaty of Trianon was so bitterly protested that they did not accept It as drafted, and it was reconsidered by the Supreme Council. The revised document, however, granted only a few economic concessions, and the territorial causes which were so vigorously protested were practically unchanged Not only did the Treaty of Trianon take away the greater portion of her territory but limited her to a standing army of 35,000 men w ith guns of not more than 10 centimeter calibre, and heavy guns not larger than 105 millimeter bore. Compare these guns to the German gun which shelled Paris at a distance of 75 miles. These would be bean shooters. The United States government refused to sign, sanction or recognize the Trianon Peace Treaty. Because of the efforts of Senator William E. Borah, who vigorously protested and raised his voice on behalf of Hungary, the Hungarian Government compiled a volume and presented it to him as a token of appreciation by crucified Hungary. This book is one of the rarest works of art brought to this country within the last decade. It represents the efforts of two officials from each county of the Province of Hungary, and two years' time to compile, as It is hand penned, embossed on parchment and hand water tinted. The work of printing: was so perfect that American printers declared it was lettered by machine, and not until a thorough examination was made was It found to be hand lettered. All of the pages, except two, are In color, and

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