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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THB DOMINANT MB>u/a*>* two r^w v^tonrMVA cxw tn v . .._.... _. _.__ i \tn 1 <ia I— NU. 128 THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTMEA8T ARKANSA« AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI ailjr N«» Mlnfisjppl Valley U»d»T Biytheviiu court« _ Biytheviiie Herald _ B^YTUKVII.LE, ARKANSAS, KIUDAY, AUGUST 18, 1950 YANKS REPEL RED ATTACK BOMBS AWAY!—This Is what North Korean troops, massed by the thousands along the Naktong Rim, saw when they looked up the other day—and felt when the bombs landed. These B-23 Superfort- -<es are pictured as they spewed their bomb toads over a Norili Korean target. In war's heaviest air strike, Superfortresses plastered Red concentrations around Taegu with 850 tons of 500-pound bombs. Labor Unrest Grows in U.S.; Industrial Disputes Continue By THE ASSOCIATED PRKSS The nation's labor unrest appeared growing today. Disputes in railroad steel and other key industries Ihrealencd to curtail the country's defense program Waxes were the major issue in the disputes. The labor picture, at a glance, showed industrial strife in' Railroads—Planned five-day "to-* ; ° _ Tile Drainage System Discussed in Osceola Approximately 30 farmers were on hand in Osceola yesterday to learn about sub suiface tije dninge for MISSIS! ppi County farmlands. ken" strikes against two short lines and three key terminals were schcd- dled to start next Monday and Tuesday. Some 50,000 rail workers will be made idle/, a union spokesman i'sald. The rail workers want s 40-*joirr:.frork week at 48 hours pay. r/..ggest single *lrllr.« hit steel arid 'coal production lind made idle some 2 5,000 workers hi. Birmingham, Ala. The city's two V^pSg't' steel miiyi wore 'shift, down. JJfie'ie was some' violence .'-in' the Walkout,; liy 4,000 iron ore miners, The n.oofl steel workers refused io cross picket lines. Four thousand coal miners also were on strike. 8t«l Plant Closed The Cvircible Steel Company's Banderson-Holcomb plant In Syracuse. N. Y.. was closed by a walkout of 2,000 of the plant's 2,500 workers. In PhoeiiLxville, Pa., 1)00 CIO workers nt the Phoenix Iron and Steel Co. remained on strike. Automotive—The strike of 8 000 CIO United Auto Workers against Packard Motor Company In Detroit wai in its fourth day. Peace talks continued. Farm equipment^-27,000 members of the United Farm Equipment workers division—UE threatened to strike In a wage dispute at 11 International Harvester Company plants in eight cities. Electrical—A strike vote was to be taken today by the some 80DO workers at the big General Electric Company plant in Syracuse, N Y has no contract with the Inter- ional Union of Electrical Work «rs. The rail strike threat was by the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and the Order of Railway Conductors. Union Official's Comment A trainmen's union official, commenting en the long wage-hour dispute with Die carriers, told newsmen In Washington that "mncst is spreading over the country among the union's 200,000 members. "It has reached a very acute stage and it is difficult to say what may happen," said President W P Ken- See LABOR on 1'agc 12 The d wis'johducted Theater in Osceola. Countj t»*nrr, h D V ~ Alalluch county agent; and K:\tr.~Hotchkiss, Sliirciural Clay Products Institute engineer. Mr. A.vres, who began farming in this county more than -40' years ago. now has some 2.000 acres under cultivation. All of it has tile drainage. The tile network, he explained, drains into this ditch. Mr. Ayres also told the group that be had never cut a water furrow in the land. Roots Deeper Examples of root systems showed the cotton on the tile drainer! had a deeper system than cotton on surface drained land nearby where the tap root ran parallel to the ground. Mr. Ayres said the visit was . cut short by a downpour which Ihe group met in the Murr Weather Arkansas forecast: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Salur- THREATENING day. Scattered thundershowcrs in east and south portions this afternoon. Not much c'.ange in temperatures. Missouri forecast: Generally fair tonight and Saturday except partly cloudy southeast portion tonight; cooler south and extreme east tonight; warmer Saturday; low tonight near 60; high Saturday 7580 southeast. 80-65 northwest Minimum this morning—11 laximum yesterday—90 Sunset today—-6:45. Sunrise tomorrow—5'23 Precipitation 24 hours 'to 1 » in today—.14. Total since Jan. 1—44.47 Mean temperature (midway between high »nd low)—80.5. Normal mean temperature for Aug.—80.2. This Bid la»i y«r Minimum this rooming—is Jfixtaium 5'«t«rd«y—M Pre^ipiUtlon J»n. i t o this date Five Receive \Minor Injuries fn Auto Crash Five men were Injured, none seriously, early last night in a traffic accident at the intersection of Highway 01 and the C"tlonwood Point Road at Holland. Mo. Three of the men \verc identified M Robert Smith. 28. of Cooter. Mo.. Gerald Whistle. 2). of Rose- '-nrt nnd Juntos Farley. 27. of Deil. Thev were treated at Walls HOF- nitsl here last nicht for cuts mid nri-Hes about Ihe fci'-e and body .-!'•(! were Liter released N.'mes of the other two men in- .im-cd in the accident were not learned by Missouri State Trooper •'. M. Hicfcman, who investigated the accident. According to Trooper Hickman Mr Farley and Mr. Wr,istle wrc- passengers In a 1SSO model Dodge driven by Mr. Farley. The two unidentified men were passengers in a Chevrolet. Thr DJdge was tr.ivclin^ nor-ih on Highway 61 and the Chevrolet south Mr. Farley to!d _,. - -- . . ,.nv,j VMJU i i"U|;vi mckman the Chevrolet attempted to make a left turn onto Cotton- Nov \vood Point Road and turned Into Jan the path of his rar. Both cars were Mar heavily damaged. There they 'saw pictures of til drainage systems in Iowa, when iMr. Hotchkiss has studied effect of the sub-surface drainage systems. Also on hand for the meeting wa •J. L. Gattis, engineer of Ihe Uni versity of Arkansas Extension Service. Soybean Festival To Be Sept 27-30 Portageville Jaycccs Schedule Third Annual Exposition September 27 through 30 hav been set as dates for Portagcvlll Junior Chamber of Commerce' third annual National Soybea Festival and Exposition. The four-day program will fca lure firework.! displays, parades, carnival and a contest to select til Nitionnl Soybean Queen of 1950. The Queen's Float parade, which was seen last yenr by an estimate, 8.000 persons, will be staged on th "leht of Sept. 28. First prize for out of town floa entries will be $200. Second an, 'nird prices in open competition ar »IOO and S.M. The Junior Queen will be honoret tl'-e afternoon of Sept. 29 in a chll drcn's parade. The beauty pageant will be held l h V" Bht of Sept. 23 when the National Soybean Queen will be named. Winners in this event will receive $500. S200 and SIOO. Girls. 16 years of age and over and sinzle ire eligible to enter. Inquiries regarding the celebration may be sent to the Portagevillc Junior Chamber of Commerce TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS ----- 1 FBI Arrests Eighth Person in Spy Ring; Defense Secrets Stolen President Receives Bill For Social Security Hike WASHINGTON, Aug. 18. (,1',-Backed heavily in Congress a bill increasing Social Security cc-verage and boosting benefits as much as 100 per cent Is finally ready for Presidential action.- The Senate checked the measure*to the White House late yesterday by a voice vote of approval during which no dissents were heard. The House previously had adopted 374 to 1 the compromise measure, worked out in a Senate- House conference. While the bill falls well short of what President Truman had recommended, and contains features he regards as objectionable, it was expected he would sign It. The bill would extend coverage to 10,000,000 additional persons bringing to about 45,000,000 the total under the social security program, Mr. Truman had recommended extension to 20,000,000. Social Security payroll taxes would be more than doubled over the next 20 years, or from $2.500000.000 annually to about $7,800000,000 In 1970. Benefits in 45 Days Original Director Visits Health Unit Dr. A.M. Washburn Urges Voccinarion of Dogs; Sees Polio Drop Dr. A. M. Washburn, original director of the Mississippi County Health Unit when it was organized back in 1927, has been visiting the Unit the past two days. Dr. WRShburn, now working In Uttle Rock with the Stale Health Department as director of communicable disease control hns been touring the state this summer giv- i ing educational talk* colleges. at various The expanded benefits are scheduled to start within the next 45 clays when the 3,000,000 persons now receiving benefits will get an average of $46 a month, instead of the present $2G. For a family, the maximum benefit will be hiked from $85 to $150 a month. Tllc bill would birng Into the program 5.000.000 self-employed persons such as certain salesmen, grocers and bakers; 1.000,000 domestic servants .and 650,000 larm workers. Optional Coverage Offered It offers optional coverage to about ,, m ,,, s 1,400,000 state and city government 'S.,,, , ,'."- — •"' employes 60.000 employes of no'n- "f"' 5 for rallies. Dr. Wnshburn --"' -- • •• - said t:>at all cities should enforce ••• A hearing was scheduled for Inn U.S. Navy civilian engineer before U.S. Commissioner Frank Y. Hill. Authorities would not immediately reveal delnils of how Solid) was deponed from Mexico and of his arrest at this border city, Sobell was the eighth person arrested in a roundup of Americans accused of passing atom bomb and other secrets to n Soviet spy ring. FBr Director J. Edgar Hoover snlrl that sobt-ll fled from the United Stales in June to avoid arrest He was arrested nt I,aredo when deponed from Mexico back lo this country. On li|..slriderl Work Sobell wns employed on restricted work for the U.S. Navy al the General Electric plant at Schenectady N.Y.. from iai2 to inn. ife Is accused of having collaborated with the other Americans previously nrresled in obtaining defense secrets during thai period. Since he Is charfjcd with espionage conspiracy in wmiimc, Sotell— like the others similarly accused— faces a possible death penalty The Pin s ,,i,| sobcll fi c ,i the Taegu Is Protected As 'Hell of Licking' Halts Two Thrusts Hy KKI.MAN SIOKIN TOKYO, Saturday, Ati K . 19. (AC)—Allied troops, tanks w nm y a "' bombs Lllnu!l1 lwo Uo(l -Korean thrusts— <IAUOO men—away Irom thrralencd Taot'ti city Friday South of Tnejfii a crack Rod Korean division took what :in American general called a "hell of a licking" at the ol U. b. Marines nntl nii'iinti-yinim. The city itself was turned into a •teel-rimmed fortress by nn Allied jvacuatlon order .sending more than > half million civilians trcking awuy is refugee.'!. The South Korean government ilso WHS swil aivny to establish Us lew refugee capital somewhere. The war-swollen ijopulnce was re- noved mainly so It would not get underfoot In military operations— ind to reduce the possibility of University Medical School at Little Rok beginning In October. Dr. Washburn was the first director of the Mississippi countv Unit shortly after the 1021 flood nntl remained in lhat position until 1936 when he ,bcgan working for the State Health Department. Vrgts nng Vaccination* Referring to'Unit reports of last month concerning several treat- ... j-ffji.ii UC.-U uitr United Stntcs by plane and went to Mexico City n few days after the arrest of David Orcenglass of New York on June 1G. Arrest Was Frarril Hoover said that S'obell, recently employed at the Reeves Instrument Company, New York City, failed lo show up for work after'orceliglnss was picked up. The PHI found out he left New traced him to Mexico City The announcement noted that Julius Rosenberg, another alleged member profit organizations, and 30,000 workers for publicly owned transit systems. Housewives and farmers must pay payroll taxes for tiie domestic workers and farm workers brought into the program. The tax rate is scheduled to climb beginning in 1054. The present 1-1(2 per cent payroll tax on employe's pay and employers' pnvroll will go to 2 percent on each at that time. H will jump to 2-1(2 per cent In I91W; to 3 per cent in 19(55, and to 3-II4 per cent on each in 1970 The tax in the future will be on the first 53.000 of a worker's pay instead of the. first S3.000 as now. The maximum annual tax under the present rates would jump from S45 to $54, Dr. Milton Webb Named Head of Optometric Group Dr. Milton E. Webb of Blythcvillc last night was elected president o[ the Northeast Arkansas Optoine- tri'c society at a meeting of the society in the Hotel Noble in Joties- fcoro. Othe •r offi:ers elected Dr. Soybeans CHICAGO. Aug. 18. M>,_Clrmni; Trooper Soybean Quotations: ' " J High Low close 244 T ; 239'1 244 '•• 247 242 1 ,; 215H 250 245 249'! 250',i 246M 250'.i Increased Assessment Sought To Finance Drainage Project Joe G. Hughes of Osceola, vice- president and Dr. Wayne Williams of Piegott. secretary. Or. Webb succeeds Ur. Hoyt. Purvis of Jonesboro as president of the society. Ur. Hughe.; held the oifice of secretary last year. Dr. L. A. wilks of Pine Bluff. c du- catlonal director ol the Arkansas Opiomelric Association, spoke at last night's meeting, telling of the research in vision now being performed in the Department ol Experiments) Psychology at Ohio State University. Also on the program was Dr. Myron Shofncr of Stuttgart, president of the state association wm gave a report on the recent national convention of the American rce the state law whtch requires that dogs be vaccinated. Dogs are the main carriers of rabies, he said. He added that other animals which h a d rabies usually obtained 1 1 through contact with Infected dogs. that Dr. there Washburn estimated would be about 200 cases in Arkansas this year, a great decrease from last year's record of D92 cases. The doctor said that polio epidemics came in cycles of from. lour to five year periods. Mississippi County has hart only three case reported this year. Dr. Washburn was the principal speaker at a midwife meeting conducted this morning at the Unit Building. Among those attending the meeting were several who were original mcmber.s of the • meetings when they were organized by Dr. Washburn while he was director here. New York Cotton Oct. Dec. Mar. May July Open High Low Closl 319.1 3800 3"01 3818 3324 3832 3789 37M 3815 , me of the spy ring, who wns arrested I July, had allegedly attempted to pcrsunde Greenglass to (lee to Mexico. The entire group !x chawed with working with Harry Gold phila dolphin chemist, who f s nl'lcgcd to have been chief American contact for Dr. Klaus' -Filch*, the i!rit| sfl atomic scientist now serving M yC 2 r ^, !? , nrisD " for atomic spying. Sobell Is a native of New York City, the son of Hunilaii parents who are now naturalized US citl ions. He was graduated from' city r&'a'SSi^^r^ tileat engineering from the University of Michigan i,, IBIS. j|ls work 01 the Nnv'y during Uic last war »»s in General Eleclrlc's rsdnr scc- non which was conducting hlchlv secret research In this field. k * Strike Continues fnto Third Day at Garment Factory Rlce-stlx garment workers continued on strike today as the walkout entered its third day Pickets continued to parade near the factory at 21st and Main Streets dc.splle rain, picketing [ s bcli« maintained on a roimd-thc-clock The workers are seeking company recognition of the union they formed last March through negotiation of « contract lliat includes wage raises of from 10 to 15 cents lli Fear and Panic Hit S. Koreans Chaos Rules Streets Of Besieged City as Civilians Are Moved H.v MAI, HOYI.K TAKGU, Karon, Aug. 18. </i'i—Fear lhat has shadowed a half million liwirl.s licte exploded In panic to- dny as n mass .exodus began Irom this besieged city. For several nours chaos nile<l the strccls of this refugee-swollen provisional capital ,if South Korea Th" civilian populace was swept by hyr- terln. The scene on the ground was utter confusion. From the atr the exits leading south looked like clog- SMI Iniies of frightened while ants I'hc story of this flight of nn entire city can best be told by lelllim what happened to one household this family lives beneath the window of a mission school wlicrj foreign wn r concspomlcnts have been billeted more than one month Il.s home was In a Jammed corridor that looked like the slmnty communities Hint spring i,,, around American city dumps—except thr huts here are covered wlt-li iiiclurei- que old tile roofs. Itnl Army's Move As the Red army slashed closer down the Scoul-Tacjon-Taegu roirl unease increased in the city.- fl has 39 Presbyterian churches -but it also has more native Commun- - nny other South Korean Ncithcr side reported ist.s th,l; city . Reports spread that the Communists had been secretly armed aim would rise up in a riot of bloodshed nml pillage against Republican sym pathi/ers whenever the Red trcop reached the outskirts A prisoner 01 war bad boasted that Taegu «„„[,( fall uy "liberation day-last rues day. fiflli aimivcrsny of V-.J dny Two weeks ago the young father of the family hcnentb our wimlo* •Ins; a deep pit In his backyaio and buried all the household's most ure cious belonging ln u . Thousand of other fathers must have bcc;i do ing the same tiling; they had no better place to put their simple treasure than a hole In the ground Jtice and Vc/rcl.iMes Hut the young mother each twl- light lit a fire and cooked rice and vegetables for her children and the grandparents and the uncles and the cousins that swarm In most small Korean homes. Ami each mnrnln they took turns .scrubbing each other with water limited up by buckets Irom the backyard well. I/Ml night tnicklonds of grlnnhi] South Korean recruits rushed to ward the front Annplly singing wlia Americans cull their "No Ixise face song. It i.s a kind of singsong chant that tells how the recruits arc no tut; to drive back the Invaders an free Korea. iprising.s by Infiltrated communists A thrust by ,10.000 North Koreans was stopped 12 miles north ol Tae- gu by South Koreans. tllaxlng Counter Attack Then American and South Korean troops lunged nt-the big Red force by Friday night with a blazing counter-attack. At Chiiiignyong, where izooo North Koreans had bulged eastward on the Allied bank of the Nnktong River -23 miles southwest of Taegu American Marines and doughboys' whipped the Communists In a bitter battle. Many Reds retreated back across the river, abandoning their weapons In panic. Maj. Cicn. John It. Church commanding the joint Marine-Infantry nttnck at Changnyong, was Jubilant over what his troops had done to the Reds. Two South Korean divisions stalled the 30.000 Communists north o! the moujilainwnllcd Taegu £"riday morning. One of them, Hie South Korean first infantry, pounced on the Reds In a counter-attack Immediately. Friday afternoon the U S. 21th 'Regiment piled Into the battle. The oilier South Korean division on.,tlie sjime.front Josl contact with the Reds after helping stop them. Allied headquarters satd the Red force may have turned buck north lo escape through steep hills under fire. Half at Ground Refrained General MacArthur's Tokyo headquarters, In its flr.st early- morning summary in four days, said the South Korean first division had regained half to nil the ground It lost north of Taegu Thursday. • This would be one and one-halt lo three miles). The summary said the enemy in the G'hnngnyont; bridghcad southwest of Taegu wns being pushed back steadily by both the first Marine brigade and the u. s 24th Infantry Division. It explained the Marines, overcoming extremely stubborn resistance, turned the enemy's southern Hank into the path of tile 24th Division. The 24th In turn was now heavily engaged with these Reds. General Church saW the Marine. Sec KOKKA on Pago 12 N- O. Cotton u 'y r Optomctric Association which attended. he . Other NortheaM Arkansas oulo- metrist attending the meeting viere Dr Charles Bowers and Dr. Rutus D. Haynes ol Paragould. Dr. C. L. Bradley of Walnut Ridge. Dr, Purvis, Dr. o. 11. Johnson, Dr. C a. . . . Moycr and Dr. D. Jones boro. . U Broadway of New York Stocks A petition for increasing by one per cent the rate of assewmcnt In Sub-District Number 4 of Grassy Like-ryronza Drainage District No ? ° f .Mississippi County has been filed in the county court clerk's office In the Osceola District. Filed by commissioner.? of the sub-district, the petition asks for an Increase from 3.4 per cent to 34 per cent In the assessed benefits lo lands in the sub-district. The Increase would remain in effect during the years 1951 through i. snd would b* used to finance widening 'and clearing all existing ditches In the sub-district and for the refunding of bonds. A hearing on the petition has been set for Sept. 4 at 10 am In County court at Osceola. Complaints and objections lo the proposed Increase must be filed al this time. If the petition Is granted, a $278.- QOO bond issue will be sold and a contract for the project let. Of the Issue, $150,000 will be used lor deepening, widening and clearing the existing ditches and S128.- will . retire an earlier Closing Quotations; A T & T Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper .. B eth Steel Oen Electric "en Motors ... . Montgomery Ward NY Central 'nt Harvester J C Penney ..... Republic seed F a<il o floconv vacuum Studebaker 151 5-8 66 34 42 7 .g 68 1 . 8 122 1-2 47 7-8 .'. M 65 1-2 )4 5-8 39 177-8 22 1-2 31 3-i Here Open High Low close :(7B4 3704 WO .1181 3791) 3800 3785 3190 3B05 :<820 3802 37!)3 !13M 3709 3748 37S3 380T 3805 3765 Alter waning two years tor final scoring of federal red tapn young German war bride armed In Blyihuvllle this week o,,i " Ind that she faced more waiting before she could be v/ith her t,,,l Wait to See Husband that she still soon the man s hopes of seeing she married only two and one-halt months ago On her arrival here, the 25-jc,ir- old German-born war bride found her husband was now in Ncivport News, Va.. where he Is stationed with an Army Cavalry unit. But. she said, she plans to go !o Newport News as Tweedle can lind there. soon us Cut. an apartment The co'.iple didn't miss connections by far. Cpl. Tweedle. not knowing that his bride had finally obtained a nss.sport. returned to separated from East Prussia only by two Channels leading from Ihe I'ii rt > '° a lwy sm ' 11 ' °' tllc ]\Ir.s. rv.cedlc sot a Job as c.-isbicr- iSliist-bookkecper In a snack tjar operated at an Army post fn ,!a- varia In Southern Germany U wa.l here that she met her husband in the winter of K).|(j uritil C) M. WCrCn ' 1 mnrrk; ' 1 ' however, Twccdlc 32. meanwhile rc"cnllstc'd rlvcd hlS dlscJ " u K<' nr She learned some English "uiainca a passport, rclurned to r wAium some English in I- Ihe United States from Germany! scnol>l alu) llcr husband cnve tin \ last month. But then he was sent '" lrlllC() Instruction, Mrs. Twrrtilc .'*. to Newport News, Mrs. Twrrdle landed In New Yerk Sunday after a trans-Atlantic flight from Munich. (At this point. Mrs. S. J. Cohen, one of the v-ar bride's new neighbors, said: "We think she wis very brave—finding her way from N'ew York lo Blythevlllc all by herself." '.Vfrs. IVecd'.e replied that she found her way by asking questions I At pre.'.ent, Mrs. TwcrfUe fs staying with her husband's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Cleve Tweedle. who live »t 817 Harrison In Pride Addition. She was born In Misdroy on Wollin Island ir. the Baltic Sea. About 19*4. however. Ihe Bohn family left when the Kusjiant took ov- said. Her parents, two brollim and two sisters are still In Germany, where they reside near Itannvrr Even though she hasn't sr.en nrr husband heie yet, Mrs. Tweedle nevertheless Is enthiucd about the United stales, especially lilytlic- Among the things n llu . , completely new lo her | s id^,,,,,,,. I here Is no television tu Ocrmimy, she said, but (he Germans have heard about It and rcgn.-rl It quite a "wonrler." A Dlythevllle-slM city >tnm to Miit the young war-brine. New York, she said, wns "nice" "But if> too big."' —Courier Netrs Photo WAR BRIDE—Mrs. Roy Twmlle, German-born war bride of * Blythevllle man, visits with Wilhelm von g n ltz. whose ancestors HIM come from Germany. "Willie" belongs to Mr. and Mrs. S. J. Cohen, In «iic« horat the picture was laken.