BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TUB DOMINANT NKW3PAPBR OT MOMTOUST AM1AMCA* AMD >rmij|i»| 1OMOUM VOL. XLVI—NO. 126 Blythevlll* D.UT Km > litoiislppl Valley Leader BlytheviU* Courier Blythevllle Hcrtld BIA'THEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 1«, 1950 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CEMTi RED KOREANS RETREAT UNDER B-29 BLASTS Air Smash Panics Communists; More U.S. Troops Arrive TOKYO, Thursday, Aug. 17. (AP)—Hed Korean troops were reported retreating in panic across the Naklonjj River Wednesday under bombing of 98 American B-29s. The bomber smash was probably just short of atomic explosive power in concentrated effect. It waa aimed at breaking the back of a 60-000-man S'orth Korean offensive buildup along the river. Front dispatches said Waegwnn, I indicated (he B-29.<i may have turn- cs\ point. 01 the war 12 miles «1 (he lidc with decisive eftecl ON THEIR WAY Shown above are 10 of the 20 Mississippi County men who left this morning by Greyhound bus for Little Rock for pre-induction physical examinations, six Negroes and'four other white men also left with the group but were not present when the photo was —Courier News Photo taken. The Mississippi County group was scheduled to arrive In Little Rock at 1:35 p.m. today and were to have begun their examinations at 2 p.m. 20 Mississippi County Draftees Leave for Pre-Induction Exams Twenty Mississippi County men, including 14 while men and six Negroes, left by Greyhound bus at 7:35 a.m. today for Little Rock for pre-military induction examinations. These 20 rrieti represented the*county's first' August draft quota but it was five -short of the actual •qota The county *as guen <i quo n of 25 men lo report for induction exarnlnations today but only 20 ,0ft ed up this morningi Miiv, *—Htwa Sd.uo t/^Llerk "L>>~ uie Mississippi County Draft Board said,] that two of thfc 25 men called under i the first August quota liad been ! transferred to . other local boards and three just failed to show up'.us ordered. These three, she said, will be mailed another order to report and if they report in time will go to Little Rock with the 15 men that are to report next week. " J Would Become Delinquents •If they do.not heed this second order, Miss Saliba .said, they, will b« listed as clelinqiiciiLs and their names turned over to federal au- "thorilies. The 20 men that left this morning wcre.Orville Trumble and Homer King, Jr., of Drill; Oliss. Otk-t! Callahan and William Orville Cochran uf Osceola; Jack Lynn Edwards of Manila: Robert Elzie Williams, Beihel Ray Rigsby, Thomas Lollar, jr., and James C. Flowers of Blytheville; Hoyt S, McConnell, and Floyd L. Williams of Leachville; William Oscar Poor of Bassett; Arlie Dee Brltton nf Reiser. « welb B. Barnett of Wilson and groes Offie Phiilips and Johnny Goodman of Wilson; Forrest Greenberry of LuxoraTf Chester Dodson of Blytheville; Joseph Johnson of near Tyronza: and S. C. Curry of near Tyler, Mo. More to Leave The Mississippi County group was scheduled to arrive in Little Rock at 1:35 p-in. today and were to have begun their examinations at 2 p.m. The group traveled by Greyhound bus '.o West Memphis and sere then transferred to the Arkansas Motor Coach Line. A group of 35 are scheduled to McMath Claims Good Chance For H-Bomb Plant in Arkansas '>•"<•, " " * -•' ••:-• ' " '•"''"•' '•*• : •••. ' .., ., WASHINGTON. Aug. 16. WVrGovcrnor, Sidney McMath of Arkansas after talking with President Truman today said Arkansas definitely is in the running as Ihe site for the proposed 5200.000,000 hydrogen bomb plant. ; McMath lold Ihe reporters Mr. Tniman did not commit himself one way or the other as lo the location of the big plant. "I told Ihe President that if it was found that Arkansas has the necessary.qualifications we would like to have the plant." He said he outlined to the president the advantages he believes Arkansas has for such a plant. Such advantages, he said, are Arkansas' power, water supply, abundant nearby gas and coal, labor, and geographic location. The governor's White House visit followed his conferences yesterday with Sumner Pike of the Atomic Energy Commission, Chairman Symington of Ihe National security Resources Board, and other officials. McMath told reporters It is his understanding the decision on « site for the H-bomb plant will be made by the Atomic Energy Coin- mission. McMath said he also discussed with Mr. Truman the general development of the White River in Arkansas and the proposed" Dardanelle Dam on Ihe Arkansas River near Little nock. He said'the President favors the Dardanelle Dam. This project has been authorized by Congress but no money has been appropriated for It. northwe.st of Taegu, was R gulteti no-niatis-lanrt—too hot and to Vlll- lerabte a target for anyone to lold long. AP Correspondent Hal Boyle said that after the B29 saturation bomb- ng a First Cavalry Division tank clattered into the ruined city to ook it over. The tank engaged one Communist tank on the city's edge and knocked It out, and chased another northward. Boyle said the North Koreans have a force in the hills north ot the city where they are able lo lob mortar shells directly into Waegwnn. The city also was under direct observation and artillery fire from the Red-held west bank of the Naklong. The a!r blow came as large-scale reinforcements arrived from the United States for Negro Infantrymen at the front to bolster the Allied defense of the Peninsula. First report from observers pilots Hershey Experts Draft Call to Exceed 185,000 By ROBKKT E. GEIGER WASHINGTON, Aug. 16. W—In all probability the draft is going to take far more men this fiscal year than the 185,000 so far authorized. That's the estimate ot Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, Selective Service director. . - . • • . Postman to Arrive Twice Daily Again As House Votes to Restore Delivery WASHINGTON. Aug. 16. t/P,— The House voted today to restore city mall service to two deliveries a day. It passed and sent to the Senate a bill ordering the postoffice de- Arkansas rorccasl: Partly cloudy Ihb afternoon, tonight and Thurs- August is 100. | . | A Senate committee has approved a companion bill. There is no assurance, though, that President Truman would not veto this bill, which would wipe out an order of one of his cabinet officers. The bill came up for a vote after 213 members signed a petition taking it from the rules committee, which had refused to approve It. Before passing the bill the House knocked out a provision which in effect would have committed Congress lo appropriate extra money, if necessary, to pay for restored services. This provision, approved tentatively yesterday, was removed by a rolr call vote of 213 lo 159. A move to send the bill back to of the armed mail delivered day. Not much change in temperature. Missouri forecast: partly cloudy and warm Ihis afternoon except few thuii'iershowfrs likely extreme • ? south portion. Increasing cloudiness tonight with showers and thunderstorms most of stale Thursday; low tonight near 70; high Thursday 8590 southeast. •. Minimum this morning—71. Maximum yesterday—M. Sunset today—6:47. Sunrise tomorrow—5:U. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a.m. today—.43. Total since Jin i—4433 Mean tempermture (mid»ay between high sad lo»l—845 Normal wwmn temperature for Aug —WA ' ' TWi Italic LMM Tear MiataButt" this mornint—75. Maximum yesterday—• J-rcclpiUUon Jw». f Ljfa millet:. Then 218 members signed a petition forcing the bill to a floor 'otc. In debate yesterday proponents of the bill argued thai the order was hurting-business, individuals and members services who want iromplly. They said economies could be made in other postal services. Opponents said the people generally weren't dissatisfied but wanted economies wherever possible. They claimed the major opposition :o the order came from mail order houses and a letter carriers' lobby. There was no clue to what fate lies in store tor Ihe >ill if and when t reaches the Senate. committee lost by a roll call vote of 261 lo 111. The hill would set aside a Postoffice Department order curtailing delivery and other postal services as an economy move. 'Hie order was Issued on April 17. A short time earlier, the appropriations committee had directed the Postoffice Department to reduce the number of dally deliveries, particularly in residential areas, ft accordingly cut the department's appropriation and the House upheld the cut When Postmaster General Donaldson Issued the order, however Congressmen complained loudly. A IrtU/to rescind the order was ap- p«rF.ed by the posloffice committee but bottled up by iht rules corn- He told a reporter the 185",000 to- i lal was based on an estimate of needs made in July but now outdated by the world situation. General Hershey said the international situation is so unsettled nobody can give a accurate estimate of just how many men may have to be called in the next few months. But lie remarked that Congress now has removed limits on the size of the armed services. The draft dirfttor said calls have gone out for 100,000 men—50,000 in September and 50,000 in October. Tf.stimony Kt-Ieased Testimony given Aug. 1 and released yesterday by the House Appropriations Committee disclosed that Hersiiey had been authorized to draft 185,000 men in the year ending next June 30. After the September nnd October calls for 100,000 men were filled this would have left only 85,000 to be drafted in the next eight months. 'I don't believe we'll try tosgei by with anywhere near as low as 85.000 additional _ men," Genera Hershey said yesterday. 50,000 Man Call Planned Hershey told the committee h( planned lo call another 50.000 men in November and he says now that this may be Increased. He said he expects Ihe call will go out in a couple of weeks. The Defense Department estimates the manpower it needs anr then authorizes Hershey to place the draft calls. Hershey said the Army's firs request was for 20,000 men. On July 27, about a month after the Korean war started, it asked for 100,000. More recently defense official; have'talked of bringing in around 800.000 men through the draft reserves and National Guardsmen. At. present Selective Service ha been calling men 19 through 2 vcars of age. No Draftees with Dcptmknls Hershey told Congress yesterda no draftees with dependents hav been taken. He estimated there arc about I. feo Planter Ihosen by GOP Jefferson Speck To Oppose McMath In November Vote Mediators Call New Bargaining Talk In Attempt to Settle Packard Strike DETROIT. Aug. 16. (AP)-Fericr- and state mediators called another bargaining session today m an attempt to settle a strike of 3.000 Packard workers. Negotiators for the CIO United Auto Workers and the Packard Motor Car Co. met for nearly eight hours yesterday on the first da> of the strike. Neither side issued a statement, but a federal mediator said, "some progress has been made." The strike resulted chiefly from the union's demand for a "more adequate wage Increase" than the company's offer of five cents an hour. C. Wayne Browncll, Packard Industrial relations manager, said union demands were "excessive and unreasonable." Union leaders as- rted the company was stalling. Browncll said the company ha offered a General Motors type pen sion with maximum benefits $11750. including federal social curity, along with a general wag increase and a cost of !!• ig claus Ralph Urban, president of Pack ard UAW Local ISO. said the G> contract "Isn't applicable to Pack ard." "W»ge freeze Possibility" "With all workers facing the po siblllty ot a federal wage freeze, is necessary that we peg our wag as high ,as possible," Urban, said. In its five-year contract GM giv Its 216,000 production workers four cents hourly annual wage 1 crease. The present aulo workc wage is ^1.65 t o $i. 6 g hourly on t averag*. O'.OOO men 19 to 25 who iiave been ferred because Ihey have people pending upon Ihem for support. ofigress has not yet prov'ded funds pay dependents but It is con- dering several plans. There is a critical shorlage of octors, dentists and other profes- onal men, up to 45 years old. it] artned services. Senator Tyd- gs ID-Mdl chairman of the Sen- Armed Services Commitlcc, has amcd a subcommittee, lo consider special bill to draft doctors. In another development yesterday ic House voted lo authorize the overmnent to build armories and .her training facilities for the Na- onal Guard and reserve forces, he bill now goes lo the Senate, for the present. Area Saturated They saturated a 26-squnre mile area with 3,500 quarter-ton bombs. The area Is sllghlly larger Ihan New York's MaiilinUun Island. In it was believed to have been the greatest Red force yet put together. The B-29 strike wns made on nn emergency tactical basis. American soldiers In their foxholes cheered the bombers as they attacked. . There was evidence that the Reds, ill expectation of followup ground attacks, were trying to blow up Hie Russian-style underwater tnnk bridges they had thrown across Ihe Nnklong. Fifth Air Force pilot observers saw the Reds splashing across Ihe river from the Allied east side lo HIL Communist west bank after Ihe bomber raid. Communist* Dig In US Army scouts proljlm; out lo see how severely the enemy's striking power had been hurt found Communists digging In—apparently expecting an. Allied ground attack. Field reports said the South Korean first division followed the Reds In hot pursuit. •.American Army patrol scouls also crossed the Naktong to the Red side nnd met lillle enemy opposl- lion. U.S. air observers over the balllc- front brought buck the first report" Hint the Reds were fleeing In terror after the bombings'. They fled "In all directions," one observer said, j Air'BomblnRs Hurl Indications were that th'c Red backing across .the Naktong foi safety .were driven ou'_ by a combination of air bombings nnd Suutl Korean ground attacks. Pilot observers said the Red* ii somefarcas had thrown away rllle; nnd pricks and taken lo llic hills They seemed dazed and tlcmoral Izccl. two pilots said. A general lull In the ground fight ing followed the air strike. A U.S. 8th Army communique sued in Korea at 8:10 p.m. Wcdncj (lay f5:10 a.m; KSTI said the battle front wns extremely quiet exccp for small local actions. 30,000 Kmimls nf Artillery The bomb load of 815 tons In el feet equalled 30,000 rounds of hca. artillery. It left an area T.i by 3V miles smoking and burning. AP Correspondent Hal B-iyle reported one patrol prowled through the area west and south of Wacg- wan fir two hours without encountering any sizeable force .f Reds. Two observation pilots, Cnpl. Irving S. Corycll of Atlanta and U, William Turner of Dallas, saw Red troops splashing back across the river from positions on the Allied cast side that had not been bombed. —Courier News Photo riCKKTS ON PARADE—Two of the 150 Rlce-Stlx employes who went on strike today for a union contract and wasc Increases are shown on picket duly in front of the garment factory at 21st and Main streets, llie sign reads "We're Behind Our Union." Other pickets also carried signs rending "We Want a Contract'' and "We Nce<l More Pay." Rice-Stix Workers Strike for Contract ' Approxiriinlely 150 Rite-Slix garment fnclbry. workers staged.,* \yalkqul al [lie factory.. heveUhis morning and said they woiild- continue on,.s'lrike until the company enters into a contract with the Amalgamaled'Cloihing Workers of America local they have'organized. LITTLE ROCK. Aug. 16. fAP) — Jefierson Speck. 33 - year - old 'renchman's Bayou (Mississippi County) planter and businesimn::, will be Governor McMath's Rcpn'o- ican opponent in the November general election. Speck was chosen at a tncclia^ ol he Republican State Committee here yesterday. Tile Republicans named only one other candidate for a stale office to oppose Democratic nominees in his overwhelmingly - Democratic itate. Mrs. Frank Mc.Gullic'.iddy t,f Malvcm will oppose incumbent J. Vance Clayton for diato treasurer. Speck was wounded In Ihe P.irilicj fighting in World War II and siient i 4 years In Japanese prison camps, i He said he would challenge \ic- i Math to a series of debates. In a formal statement ne called attentlbn aL</o to Ihe fact that Ark-1 ansas had lost population and said \ it "will shortly lost a Congressman." j Tills Is a lerrlble price to pay on! the altar of one-party rule," Speck J declared. Osro Cobb. Little llock, was reelected staU chairman. Marvin Hule, Morrilton, and Mrs. McOiili- cuddy, were re-elected vice chairman; A. L. Barber, LHIe Moo:, secretary, and Pratt Rcmmcl, LiUle Rock, treasurer. N. O. Cotton Closing Quotations: AT&T Amcr Tobacco Anaconda Copper Beth Steel Chrysler Coca Cola Gen Electric Gen Motors Montgomery Ward N V Central .'; Int Harvester J C P.-nncy Republic Steel '.'...'. Radio Socony Vacuum Studebakcr Standard ol N J '.'.','.'.'.'.'.. Texas Corp . .'.. Sears ... U S Steel ....'.'.'.'.'. Southern Pacific ....'..'.'. Bond on Mexican Labor Reduced Cuts to Be Based On Number of Laborers Employed Southern farmers who dejiend on Mexican labor lo harvest this year's cotton crop have been granted a reduction In the bond rcrniircmcnts for Iho workers, Ihe Immigration Fervicc announced in Washington vcslcrday. Reductions will be figured on .. scale basis with larger groups of Mexicans bringing smaller reductions In the size of bonds required For 20 or less laborers the reductions will range from $50 lo S25' for 20 lo SO laborers, from sis u M2; for 500 to 1.000 workers, from $10 to $8 and for more than 1,000 workers, $6, These reductions, which will mean great savings for the farmer involved, were brought about through the efforts of Rep. Oathings ID., Ark. nnd Senators McCIellnn to.. Ark and Eastlaml CD.. Miss.), who havi been waging a battle lo CMC government restrictions on Ihe use o Mexicans for hnrvcsllng Hie South'; cotton crop. Other rulings are expected In the near future on the question of the forfeiture of bonds of runaway laborers, and the withholding of 10 pier cent of the workers pay until his return home. farmers have requested that bonds r.ot be forfeited when a worker leave* through no fault of his employer, and they say that permission lo withhold part of the worker's sal- i ary would largely eliminate those M I workers who leave a Job before their J6 1-21 work contract is fulfilled. GI 3-S 151 3-8 65 1-8 33 3-8 42 r>7 1-8 121 1-1 •1C 7-8 83 53 M 3-8 2!) 3-1 59 38 3-8 . 17 7-8 . 22 1-3 . 31 . 19 7-3 . 71 3-8 New York Stocks Mar May July Open High LOW 371G 3750 3705 3124 3158 3112 3728 3763 3718 3716 3747 371.1 3680 37H 3612 I CHICAGO. Aug. 16. M'j—Closing Close soybean quotations: 3723 His'n Low Close 3739 ] Nov 2.43 1 , 233',, 2.42',i 3150 I Jan 2.15'j 2.41 2.44 , Mar 2.43 2.43'i 2.47-IS 3651 May 2.49'.t 2.45 2.48> » The strikers said a wane Incre^ao to place Blylheville employes oh an »oual pay basis with Rice-Stir workers In Missouri Is being sought as a part of the contract. lHOiiri workers receive from 10 15 cents an hour more than tha workers here and production Don- uses in llml state are five to 10 ccnte nn hour higher Ihan In Bly- Ihevillc, the striking employes said. Meanwhile, Harry W. Bradley, Jr., manager of the factory here, sitid that operations would continue as long as workers remained on Ihe job. Al»ut half of the factory's workers remained at work tills morning, he said. Mnre Kxpeclerl to Strike Member:! of a Rtce-Stix workers committee said however, that •no'e employes were scheduled to walk out at noon. Members of this committee suid negotiations for a contract hava been under way for four months. Seven conferences have ben held with management representatives without headway, they said. The workers voted in March to designate the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (CIO) n.> their bargaining agent. The union local here has been chartered but no number will be assignee! until said, because it would have affected cd. An offer of a live-ccnts-an-hour Increase was rejected, the strikers said, because it would have effected only 24 workers. Members ol the workers committee siiid the picket lines set up this morning will remain on duty "2-1 hours a day until a contrail is oi^ii- cd." Production is l.ssur. Rlcc-Stix worker.- have accused the company, which has headquarters In st Louis, of Intiniatiiig that raises weren't forthcoming because Southern employes' output was lower than that of Northern workers. The workers also accused tlu :.ic- tory oi Increasing production uor- ccntagcs to what they call an unattainable point. Mr. Bradley Indicated today that the company was preparing statements to be released later. Miss Jean Williams of St. lyj'.iis, organizer o! the union here, is serving as its head. Members of the See STKIKK nn ['age 3 New York Cotton Open High Lo* Close Ocl 3735 3768 3125 3750 D«e 3140 3775 3128 3153 Mar 37*5 3183 3133 3767 May 3737 3180 3125 3762 July MM 3139 MM 3713 Mid-Century Edition to Be Published Sept. 27 Readers of the Courier News will be given a long look Into the past, a summary of the present and a speculative peek at the future of this area on Sept. 27. That's Ihe day the Courier News' special Mld-Ccnlury Edtfl- lion will be published, it was announced today by Publlshur Harry W. Halnes. Courier News writers have been busy for the put month digging Into dusty attics and gathering yarns from oldUmeri"- Many itKltrt hky* com* Into the office with pictures showing a somewhat muddy and generally unpmd Mississippi county of years gone by. Others probably have Information which would provide interesting historical highlights ol this county and Southeast Missouri. Sill] to be heard from, in the opinion of the news staff, arc the oldest rwldent of Ihe county and owner of the oldest automobile still in operation. The Mid-Century Edition will contain stories on major indus- tricj In th« eltr uui county »nd stories relating the history and progress of towns and cities in Mississippi County and Southeast Missouri. Historical data will be supplemented with reports on the progress of this area and its possibilities as It moves into the last half of the 20th century. You will read of Mississippi County as the inecca of lumbermen, as It grew into fame as > cotton-producing area and as > potential site for rtfrre Industry. And all this will be Illustrated by picture*, both old and n«T.
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