The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 3, 1952 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, October 3, 1952
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Page 8
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PAGE EIGHT BLTTHKTTLLB (ARK.)' COURIER MEWV FRIDAY, OCT. 8, FARM AND REVIEW MCPA Explains Minimum Age Law for Farmers of Area The Missouri Cotton Producers Association, after a scries of conferences with officials of the Department of Labor, has, as a =° r v- Jce to farmers, glnners, and school officials In this area, released the following digest and Interpretation of the chttd-labor provisions of the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act: The amended Fair Labor Standards Act passed by Congress, and effective January 25, 1950, provides a 16-year minimum -age for hired workers In agriculture during school hours for the school dfsfrtcf where such employee Is living while he Is so employed. The child-labor provisions of the Act apply generally to farmers whose products go, directly or indirectly, Into interstate or foreign commerce. (This applies to migratory children as well ns local resident children, but not to the farmer's own children working on their parent's form.) This Includes the farmer who sends his product outside the State, and the farmer who delivers his product to another person in the same State who will send the product outside the State, whether in its original form, processed, or as an -Ingredient of another product. The Act does not apply to a farmer if he sells only to dealers who market exclusively within the same State. However, It is assumed that cotton, soybeans, and most other crops eventually leave the State In one form or another. Parental Exemption Explained The parental exemption applies to employment within Its scope regardless of whether such employment occurs during school hours. It does not, however, extend to the employment of a child by someone other than his parent, or person standing In the parent's plncc. In order to further clarify the parental exemption "cash rent" or "crop rent" tenant farmers and "sharecroppers" must be consid ered separately. If In the "cash rent" or "crop rent" type of farming the tenant. acU entirely on his own in determining the crop, furnishing his own seed, equipment, etc., and supplying p,U labor required in planting, cultivating and harvesting the crop ahd has bound himself to pay the fixed rent irrespective of the sl?.e or quality of the crop, the parental exemption would permit the employment of his own children at any time. Other children under the age of 16 could lawfully be employed only when the local school la not In session. In -th.a case of a "sharecropper" the answer to the problem depends upon whether, under all the facts and circumstances, the sharecropper should be regarded as an independent con true tor or as an employee (either of the tenant or of the landlord) for purposes of the Fair Labor Standards Act. There may be sharecroppers whose Inde- l>endence of the landlord (or the tenant farmer) Is' such that they would not be considered employees within the meaning of the Act, but, in most cases the landlord furnishes land, housing, equipment and supplies required to produce the c rop, sup e r vises the p re cl u ctton thereof and exercises considerable control over the conduct of the operations so that the sharecropper would be regarded as an employee and not as an independent contractor. If the sharecropper Is an employee of the landlord, so also are his children who assist him and they nrc therefore not employed by their parent within the meaning of the Act so as to come within the exemption, Buyer Responsible The buyer fgtnner) who purchases the cotton crop, (and equally of the landlord who receives part of the crop as rental, whether or not the landlord Is an employer of the person producing the crop) with respect to cotton produced or harvested In violation of the child- labor provision.?, Is determined to be liable under a section of the Act which prohibits the shipment In commerce, by any person, of commodities produced on a farm where oppressive child labor has been employed within 30 days prior to the removal of the commodities there- from. The buyer fglnner) or farmer Is responsible for finding out the correct age of the young worker. Ho wilt be protected if a certificate of age. Issued or accepted by the U.S. Department of Labor, is obtained, which shows the person to be. at least 16 years of anc. The glnner or farmer should have the young person apply to the proper official for a certificate. This usually a local school official. A farmer is resiwnslble for every under-age child working on his farm, This includes children hired either Individually or as a part of a family Rrotip by hibor contractors, processors or others. In case of wilful violation, a fine up to $10.000 is the penalty. For a second offen.se, crimmittcd after conviction for n similar oirense, ft fine of not more than $10.000 or imprisonment of not more ih&n six months, or both, may l>e Imposed. ROBBERY 138% 'AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 93% AUTO THtFT BR% l.TLJl Labor Is Big Factor in Cost of Dress Material In n dre.^ may seem the largest Jtetn of expense. In most cases though, it is the cost of labor that determines the linn I salc.s price, Home Demotistrnlion At-ctit Gertrude B. Hollman. snltl Entity. Then, too, there nrc many hidden costs or value. 1 ;. Those tire determined only by fish hit; finest ions of the sales person or else reading labels. Tacse hidden values include spcclEi! finishes that improve the appenrnncc or wearing ciLialitic.s of the fabric. Among these nrc good dyes, crease resistance, permanent stiffness, controlled shriukngc, nnc! protection against Insect damage. Then there are construction details the trained consumer can Judge. Among these are short stitches; straight even senms, generous scams properly finished, generous fullness In pleats and gathers nnd nmple width In hems. In better dresses the belts Imve belt backing of stiff fabric that can be washed and dry cleaned-rather than n plastic backing that is neither washable, nor clean able. ; ' Another indication of quality Is the presence of latcrfnoln^s and re Inforccments In collars, fnciugs waist lines, find at other points o: strain. Piped, corded, or \\c\i buttonholes arc a more desirable kind than machine-made buttonholes. So, when shopping for a dress read |Hbys,,ask the clerk for infor- mfition" (uid check spnm allowances width of hems, amount of fullnes In skirta, type of belts, buttonhole, nnd interfacings In the garment the home demonstration agent titl vised. NATION'S CRIME RISES—A million-plus crimes committed between January and June of 1952 pushed percentage increases of; crimes to 6.4% more than those committed during the first six months of 1951 as seen in the above newschart. Data are from the semi-annual report of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Greatest increase was in crimes such as auto stealing and robbery where something of value was stolen. Only decrease was in rape, FBI experts predict that by the end of 1952 more than two million crimes will have been recorded. Here's A Good Deal... We will pay l / 2 your diesel fuel bill tn July 1, 1953 on any NEW OLIVER DIESEL TKACTOR bought from us. It's a good deal, you'll agree! Ctirbon black Is eo messy to hnn die that British stevedores get ex tra pay known ns "dirty money when they handle a carbon blac augo. On Missco Farms County Agent Keith J. Bllbrey Take My Picture I am going to get into the plc- nre If I can. Besides, I would con- idcr It a real honor. The Delta Im- Ipments stores of Blytlleville and lanHa will take a picture of the ounty champion 4-H Club boys and Iris this Saturday al 11:00 a.m. :'he picture will be used as usual n their calendar for 1953. There re twenty winners Oils year as ompared to eighteen last. year, Who Are They? James "Pepper" Harris of Lost tone ts the county champion boy his year nnci Is also first place winder in achievement. Jim Taylor of Lcachville Is the ounty winner in leadership. He is entering the state competition n 4-H cotton'production and stantls in even chance lo win a trip to Chi- 8". Other winners are: Robert Earl Davis, Gosnell, Tractor Maintc- inrice; Steve McGuire, Yarbro, En- onioloay; Larry Cassldy, Annorel, Corn; Jimmy Bruce, Yarbro, Poul- ry; James Harold Byrd, Leavhville, Cotton; Danny BourLancI, Lost Cane, swine; Bobby Don Hoskins. :>a\vhecn, field crops; James Leon loskins, Pawheen; safety; and Dar- rcll Byrd, LeachvlUe, beef produc- ,lon. Mrs. Holimim will announce the winning girls. Mechanical Cotton Pickers Thrtrl Vance nt Arniorel want,*! to pick your cotton with a mechanical cotton picker; His pllonc nunjbor is 2088. Also, there have been several men here from Georgia and Mississippi who would like to bring their mechanical pickers into this area and help you finish the crop. If you nrc interested In renting mechanical pickers, maybe we could help you. There Is a Difference Borne fanners do not seem to understand the dlf/crcnce between defoliating cotton and soybeans. Cotton defoliation hastens maturity and makes picking easier. In the case of soybeans, practically no time Is gained in maturity by defoliation. Trie only time you would want to defoliate beans is when you have a henvy infestation of green weeds and grass. Soybeans must not be defoliated until the beans are loose in the pods, otherwise, you will get a reduction in yield, L. P. Williams. University of Missouri soybean research specialist, was recently quoted as saying, ''Results of many experiments show that spraying soybeans to defoliate them is economical only when it Is necessary to dry up heavy weed growth to combine the beans." Throwing Money Away Get that combine repaired and ready right now. It looks like the Ogden bean harvest will start here next week. A careless combine operator can really throw away money fast. Did you know that if you lost three Ogden beans per square foot from poor combining, you are losing a bushel to the acre? Experiment Station tests show that combine losses may run as high a» Un or fifteen per c«nt. In Iowa tests of average harvesting conditions on tlelds averaging 33 bushels per acre, the loss was five-and-a- half bushels, or more than 16 per cent of the crop. Five-and-a-half bushels at present market prices would be a $15.00 per acre loss. We have a new bulletin on combine adjustments. If you need It and will use It. . It Could Gel Embarrassing Let's stop this habit of making public officials admit all their gifts. What If I had to admit to you that P. A. Rogers buys us cokes, Gerald Cassidy gave me a.ham, Mrs. U. S. Blankenship gave me a dozen E0gs. Johnson Bros, gave me strawberries, Mrs. Vance Dixon gave me a hen, II. C. Knappenbcrger gave me some asparagus, John Stevens, back bone, etc. How would I ever explain that Mrs. ISuford Young, Earl Wildy, and Vance Dixon brought me a pair of overalls from Chicago in 1S45? Parents Make Check Of Children's English BINGHAMTON, N. Y. («>,—Parents of pupils In grades 7 through 12 of city schools will have a better chance to keep tabs on their chil- dren's progress In English because of a new plan adopted this year. Pupils are required to subitrte pertinent copies of their English curriculum to their parents. The plan developed when parents attending e. meeting of the secondary education council admitted they didn't know Just what their chil- dren »ttidied In jchool. Damascus, capital of 8yrl», may be the oldest living city In the world, says the National Geognujhle Society. Read Courier News Classified Ads. An Old Kentucky Tradition KENTUCKY STRAIGHT BOURBON ?*86 so PROOF *h s (u (Plus Sales Tax) GLENMORE DISTILLERIES COMPAKY • LOUISVILLE. ICY. The DEKAIB CH1X says: I'm to ...your DEKAIB Corn & Chix Dealer end your neighboring DHKAIB Associate Hatchery ere All working together t» MAKE YOU MORE POULTRY PROFITS! Ti •mrrnmi i. *i Milligan Ridge Cooperative Manila, Ark. \ Designed specifically for form icrvicel Uses tn, .economical fuel sparingly . . . performs excellently on any] job in any weather . . , gets down and lugs under load.' iThe new dicsei-powcred Oliver tractor is simple in design ^. . dependable . . . efficient. See it! Drive it! Note how easily il 'starts . . . how smoothly it runs'. We'll {x glad to explain how it operates . . . show you its many advancements . . . calculate for you the surprising savings in opera, ting cost. Stop in and get the full facts. FARMER'S IMPLEMENT CO. 515 E. Main Phone 8166 <?ne more John Deere is f/tsf choree of the fracfor-wfee/ There arc three fundamental reasons why John Decrc Tractors give you more trouble-free operation, greater freedom from costly field delays, longer, more dependable service. First: The simplicity of John Deere two- cylinder design makes it far easier, far more economical to keep a John Deere in good working condition. Parts are fc wcr,slronger, heavier; there's less to go wrong with a John Deere. Second: The efficient automatic fuel pressure lubrication system, automatic crankcase renti- lation system, and many other modern engineering features assure even greater dependability. Third: John Deere Tractors are quality- built through and through—a combination of top-grade materials, better manufacturing methods, experienced workmanship, and rigid inspection. Consider all these advantages and you'll understand completely why a John Deere gives you more years of dependable service. In addition, John Doer* Tractors ofifrn • OUTSTANDING ECONOMY * LONG EH LIFE • CREATES COMFORT • OUTSTANDING QUALITY ] • EASIER HANDLING EASIER MAINTENANCE • COMPLETE INTEGRAL EQUIFmntT • UNEXCELLED TTEW * GREATER ADAPTABHITT • HYDHAOT.1C POWB-TROl e HOU^-MATTO LUGGING That Miracle Soil Concfitionei You've Been Reading About! Gives You Softer, Richer, Lighter Sd With Just ONE APPLICATION! Actually Conditions More Soil For less Money Than Any Other Conditioner! t JOHM DEERE nvo-Cr/ifH/er TRACTOR -ft>sfS/t/f1ocfefn Desjy/t g/tcf flrovet/ Performance MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. South Highway 61 BlythevilU Fluffium is Sprayed or Sprinkled on Soil! I •<* roinctes Why LJ1 The chemical that doet the notiiat miratfe work in all soil conditioners start! out M t x highly concentrated liquid. Yet mo*t other »o9 conditioner manufacturers convert thii liquid into a powder or a flake it e tremendou* increase in coat in order to ship economically.^ Fluffium, however, ii packaged in its natural liquid concentration. No other chemical »oU conditioner gives you so much of the b*tsic active ingredient for your money. And hcvinf^ a much greater affinity to water in this liquid form, Fluffium reward* you with greater »oH coverage at far leas cost —Wt Deliver Within City Limits— If you're interested in becoming a dealer — Call Us I Westside Cooperative Gin 2460 W. ROM St. Phone 3780

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