The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 4, 1950 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 4, 1950
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLV—NO. 2'13 BlythevlUe Daily New Blythevllle courier Blytheville Herald Mississippi Valley Leader THii DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI liiATJlKVIU-10, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY •!, 19SO EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Temperature Due To Drop Near Zero In Parts of State The son-son's coldest weather was in prospect for the Blythcville area tomorrow with low lemperatures of eight degrees forecast for portions of North Arkansas while the Missouri forecast pointed to readings nearer the zero mark Hunt for Escaped Felons Extended State Troopers Sent To Northwest- Section In Search for Trio LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Jan. 4. t/Pt —A dragnet for three armed, escaped convicts Is spreading over wider chunks of Arkansas. Officers of two counties In North Arkansas were drawn into tlie search last night with the, reporl that at least one of the fugitives had been seen near the Arkansas- Missouri line. State troopers have been sent Into the mountainous area to aid In the manhunt:. A heavy con centra lion ol oHicets still is scouring a muddy farm area east of here where the convicts started a wove tit violence niter breaking out of Tucker Prison Farm early Saturday. The hunt there was Intensified thlft morning when a store owner ^eported his store was entered during the night. He said shotgun shells, n leather Jacket and bont socks were stolen and "everything In the ice box eaten." The stolen shells will lit the shotgun taken by the convicts when they broke out of prison. At Salem fFulton County), Ark., Sheriff J. L. Weathers reported Mrs. Jack Cochran, a farm wife, told him this story: Demands Foorf A stranger, dressed in dirty elothers and needing a shave, appeared at her house demanding food. She gave him two sandwiches. He wolfed one of them down and then ran down the road into the woods. -'" ,-' Sheriff Weathers said he showed MM. Cochran pictures of the fugitives. He said the-woman identified a picture of JaekVRheunrk, 22. of Sapulpa, Okla., as that of the man Tvho appeared at her door. At nearby Melbourne, Izzard County Sheriff Boyce J. Cook said a truck driver, Leonard Davis, picked up "two hitchhikers near Salem 4fc"d took them south to near Oxford, Ark. Sheriff Cook said Davis identified one of the men as being Rheimrk. Four convicts escaped from the prison larin alter killing a trusty guard. One of them. Odus Eaton, 25. Stillwell, Okla., was captured Sunday. Still at large are James Perry Williams, 29, Identified as leader of the break; David Dyer, 23. Oklahoma City, and Bhenarfc. Blytheville had a low of 22 de grces on November 22 before win let made au official apncavtvncc, A low of 20 degrees was predicted for tomorrow morning In (he extreme southeastern portion of the state, while in Northwest Arkansas a figure of eight above svos predicted. The temperature started it,s decline here during the morning while rain still was falling. The low reported for the 24-hour period ending at 7 a,m. today wus 5D degrees, a full 50 degrees from the figure expected by tomorrow. Yesterday's maximum was 'JO degrees. Rainfall since the dawn of the New Year measured 3.72 inches this morning with .6G of an inch recorded for the 24 hours ending at 7 a.m. today. Ice May Hamper Travel The Arkansas forecast calls for occasional freezing ;.:in or snow and sleet was moving into Northeastern Arkansas before noon today. Sleet was reported in Jonesboro during the morning and in Springfield, Mo., to the north and west highways were reported under about two inches of ice and sleet. Farmers generally were expected to welcome the cold weather as a boon toward brighter crop prospects foi- 1950. Zero weather, it wns indicated, would make it hard on hibernating insects. Insects caused heavy crop damage in parts of the state last year. •AlEKCy DEATH* DOCTOR ISDIC'II-:i>~Or. Hermann N. Sunder of Manchester. N. H., shown Above with Miss Helen MacEoIck, his ottlcc nurse, was indicted by a grand jury !rUc yesterday on a charge of first degree murder in connection with the "mercy death" of Mrs. Abbic C. Borroto, a cancer patient. (AH* Wirephoto). Counties Get $7,278,000 in Tax Turnback LITTLE ROCK, Jan, 4. JVn — State Trensurer J. Vance Clayton hns announced distribution oT more than 51,218,000 to Arkansas counties. 'Hie money represents turn- backs from gasoline, sales nnd severance tax collections. Severance tax Is money collected rm natural resources taken Irom the ground. Counties receiving the largest ,> share of money from severance tax feud the amounts were: Columbia "366,700: Hot Spring. S2.4S-J; Lafayette, £28.549: Miller, $7.1104; Nevada, the Northern and Central Rockies SI.721: Oiuchila. $34.026: P'*Iaski. j and in some points in Kansas and S1.3I8; Saline SM69; and Union the upper Mississippi •S3!).316. The distribution on sales and gasoline taxc.s included: Triple Threat for Some Areas In many sections of the United States winter lest loose with a triple punch of snow, cold and strong winds today, according to the Associated Press. Solid blows were landed across the nation's inldsectton. Missouri was hit by a double- fi.stnd attack in the wake of heavy rains with the precipitation turning to sleet nnd sudden tempera- ure drops to near freezing at Poplnr Bluff, where the high yesterday was C 0 dcprccr. Highways In.' Southeastern Missouri, except in the bootheel, were Icing i$'Hnd>tbftBtack and Current rivers-wei r e v *"iuP*flood stage. Sleet paralyzed traffic in Si. Louis and driving conditions were hazardous over a large portion of the state. In Arkansas, Little Rock reported sleet during the morning anU travel over some highways in the mountainous portion of North Arkansas was extremely hazardous. Fayetteville and Harrison reported snow and sleet. The Rocky Mountain Region still reeled from the impact of the season's most severe \\enther. The Central States and Smith Into the Texas Panhandle braced for the frigid attack. Blizzards howled across the Dakota piniries nnd into neighboring Minnesota. Highways and country roads were blocked. Airliners were grounded. Hundreds of rail and bus passengers nnd motorists were stranded in parts of the storm belt, Down io Zero In Tc.xas Snow plows in sections of Minnesota quit work because of poor visibility. Winds or 35 miles an hour velocity whipped newly fallen snow Riid highway travel in many areas %vas virtually halted. Snow fell on Texas nnd the mercury slid down under the zero mark in the Lone Star state. And the mercury tumbled sharply over the mid-continent as the cold front out of the Rocky Mountain Region moved across the great plains. The cold mass moved slowly cast- ward through the great lakes region and southward through Texas. Sub-zero readings were reported in Doctor Charged with Murder For 'Mercy Killing of Patient MANCHESTER, N. H., Jim. 4. Iff)— A popular young country doctor was under indictment today on a first decree murder charge in the mercy killing of an incurable cancer patient. The HiLsbovo Covmly grand Juvy-S* — _ the Indictment late yes- leturned the Indictment late terday against Dr, Hermann N. Saiutcr, 40, lather of three children, in the death of Mrs. Abbic Borroto, 59, wife of a Manchester oil salesman. Among five witnesses appearing before the jury were a nur.se who, authorities said, unwittingly assisted the physician in injecting air into his patient's .system, nnd ii hospital librarian who called Dr. Sander's reoprt to the attention ol superiors. The state charges the air, injected into the veins, hastened the end of the cancer-ridden patient as she Hissco School Discussed County HoapUal in Goffstown. The doctor's hospital report contained a notation of the air injections. The jury d<i]ib«ratea three hours before returning its report to Superior Court Judge Harold E, We.st- cott in a court room sprinkled with a dozen .spectators. Dr. Sander was not present. He remained at, home, j "' ea tc.st judge West colt set, arraignment for 'tomorro^ at 10 a.m. tEST). the doctor may go on trial at the Court attaches suiti it is (x«v>iblc present session, which aits until March. The penally for fir.st degree tnur- der is death hy hanging or life irn- prLsoiiment at the discretion of the* jury. President Asks 'Moderate' Tax Hike; Sees TriHion-Dollar Economy for U.S. $12,000 Average Income Railroads Using Coal Ordered to Cat Service Passenger Service Must Be Reduced One-Third Because of Dwindling Supplies; Strikes Blamed WASHINGTON, Jnn. 4. (/Pj— The Interstate Commerce Commission today ordered a general onc-tliinl cut In railroad passenger service on lines using coal as fuel. The reduction Is effective ill 11:59 p.m. local :ime Sunday, January 8. 4. - - ________ Tile outer applies to iM rail lines h of fuel ouer appes o i ra r» i aving 25 or less days supply Kftnlf l coal for their passenger *JUI1I\ scrvicc.i "niul not having available I i u dependable source of supply." \in The ICC snlcl the action was!*" Up $991,466 County Supervisor Is Speaker Before Osceola Civic Club John Maye.s. county school supervisor for Mississippi County, yes- tcrclay enumerated the i.ceils and lay near death Dec. 4 at I'.illsboro j the virtues of the county education situation, at Ihc Osceola Rotar Club meeting, at the Masonic Hull yesterday. Tlie luncheon meeting was conducted hy tlic President Lloyd Godley and the .sneaker introduced by C. B. Sec raves. According (o Mr. Mayes the needs in the educational o! the county are: (1) move stress on teaching In the elementary Blades (21 bettor program of health education Cit more effective teaching of democracy and ll-.c American Way of Life, and (4) broader high school curricula. Ton ^hlny Prop Out III connection \vlth nutting sirens on securing efficient elementary (eachers Mr. Mnyes pointed mil that there are at present 2,51)0 first grade students in the county compared to 503 seniors. Almost 2.000 students hnvc been lost within the 12-year span. In order to lie sure of reaching the majority then. Mr. Mnycs said, the teaching must l.'e at an early age. In regard to this he also stated that more effective teaching would keep the children In school longer and nrei-ent early drop outs. Says Progress Being Marie After pointing out. the needs of made necessary by the dwindling supplies: of coal due to the recent disturbances and curtailments in the coul mining Industry. It was the second time In recent months that the ICC luis taken such action as a result of the vir- deadlocked coal dispute between Join) L. Lewis' United Mine Workers nnd mine operators across the nation. The commission s^lil all railroads having less limn stipulated amount of fuel reserve must reduce coitl-liiirniiig passenger service to :t3 l{3 per cent less than tlie same, amount services pro vlllcil as of Dec. 1, 1919. The order was drawn to remain In effect for two months. It will automatically expire tvl midnight March 8 unless the ICC Itself takes further action. Tlie UMW members have been working only part of every week— u situation which 1ms slowly eaten away at coal stocks above ground. Counties Arkansas . Clark Columbia . Cra:ghcad . Faulkner . Oarlonel . . Greene Hot Spring Lawrence . Miller Mississippi . Ouachita . . Phillips . .. Pope . Pulaski . .. Sebastian . Scvier . St. Francis | Union . Washington White . .. Sales Gasoline S5.M2 SI 1. 1ST 9,008 5.288 5.249 6.TO3 4-nlS . S.918 4.517 3,R(H 4.021 4,f):tl 9.son 5.224 6.162 5.142 14.454 6.IH9 3/157 5.169 7.8B7 6.851 6.883 10.428 8.25R 14.5114 9.088 7,451 5.507 the Upper Mississippi Vnilcy. Below zero marks were forecast for most ol the North Central States tonight. Coldest spots today included 31 below at- Minot. N. D , -30 at Moorcroft, Wyo.; -27 at Philip, S. D. ami -22 at pcmbinn, N. D. There was another cold front, with snow. In the Pacific northwest. But relief appeared in sight. It was a different story along the Eastern Seaboard and in the 11,219 Gltlf states. Atlanta's top was 70 1 and the 65 above at Indianapolis «as a record for Jan. 3. New York also had a record 597 read- Ing for the date. 21.818 10.G68 11.802 9,140 52.2151 20.!W2 9.813 I 17,625 16.112 12,59-1 New York Stocks Germans to Get Huge Bill for War Damage BONN. Germany, Jan. 4—(/p>_ The German people soon will be presented with the "terrifying" bill for Nazism and war. the West German federal chancellor. Dr. Konrad Adenauer, said today. He 'old a new conference that his government will present lo Parliament and the people in the next feu- months the "terrible balance" Stndebnker of Ihe flrcotmt for war damages•! standard of N j' and obligations forced upon the T> xas Corp Germans bj- national socialism and j Scars Hoebiick **"'' 'V S SUel .....a.H 1:30 p.m. Quotations: AT&T Amer Tobacco ....... Anaconda Copper Beth Steel '.'."'.'. Chrysler Gen Electric Gen Motors .,....'. I Montgomery Ward ' N Y Central ..'.'.'.'.'. Int Hai vestcr J G Penney ........... Republic Steel Radio '.'.'..'.'.'. Socony Vacuum .....'..! Eight-County Farm Bureau Session Opens Twenty-six Farm Bureau mc-m- bers from North Mississippi County and about an pqurU number Irom | the school he pointed to the re- South Mississippi County were in cent reorganization program, voting of higher school taxes, building pro- Jonesboro today for a one-day meeting with .state leaders. Farm Bureau leaders from Craig- • interest head, Crittenden, Mississippi, Poin- -setl. Greene, Clay, Lawrence nnd Randolph counties met at the Craighcad Count Conrthou.se at 10 a.m., and. the Mississippi County delegation .scheduled a special luncheon at the Hotel Nonle in Joncsboro at nocm. Joe Hardin of Giaciy. suite pre.si- ricnt. was to lead a rfi.Hcu-^sion on major farm it.sue.s. He will meet with the American Farm Hurean Board of Directors next Monday, j jccts, and improved attiludes nnd the grealest accomplishments of the recent school pro- The reorganization cut the county's districts almost, by half, with (here now being only lf> rather than ;U. The mlllnge voted increased the total in five districts to 30 mills, and on an average the riis- trict.s have voted 2775 mill taxcj for school purposes. He also called attention to the numerous building programs now in progre-ss in the county. Other guests of Ihe club from A, Cunningham. Lcntl. E. .1. Cure, J. and he was expected to formulate | Blytheville included: Ja'nws Roy C an opinion on acreage conrol IC^LS- • - lalion from suggestions from the Arkansas farm leaders at the meeting today. Others In take part on tlie pro , nri , 1T , gram include Waldo Fr.iMer. exec- | ,„'--• "«'<— tlcven and a ha i Italy Checks on Imports utive secretary for the Farm Bureau Federation: H. L. Mc- Gili of Marked ree, nifinber of Ihe state lioard; Kill .Shirley, director of insurance sales of the hnrcau; and W. F. Wricht of Hart isburg, organization director tor N'<irtlicn.,t Arkansas, C. T. McHaugl'.ey of Jon&itwro. president of the Cva-iclif'vd County Farm Bureau presided at the meeting. MS 5-8 74 1-2 28 7-8 32 1-8 67 1-4 « 1-4 71 3-4 54 7-8 12 1-4 27 1-2 56 24 1-8 12 5-8 16 1-2 27 !-2 67 60 1-4 Federal Debt Passes $257 Billion Mark on The Last Day of 1949 WASHINGTON, Jan. 4. 'ylV-Thc government's debt bounded above 5.257.000.0(10,000 on tlic final (lay of 194J1, as the current deficit mounted to S3.29fl.798.r)2I,M at the mid-way point of Ihe fiscal yenr ending June 30. Thr Treasury, repnrtine this today, showed a S01S.712.000 hurst of spe-ndiiiR for inn's final operating day. December 30. BiR Items that day ini-lurlrrl MM,000.000 spent in the Veterans Administration. SM.7SO,oon by the Air force. S74 lfij.010 hv the A?rirnl- lurc Department, S4.l.!tiR.nfiO hy Hie ion tons of goods \vere unloade( in rtalian ports by 1.104 ships In the first eleven months of 19-I!). Weather 43 l-4|Navy and a sloa,53(!,COO payment of " 7-8 interest on the debt. Arkansas forrrasC: Occasiona freezing rain or snow and very coid in northwest and cold wavi with rain changing to freezing rain in east and south portions thl. afternoon and tonight. Lowe.it temperatures tonight, 8 In extrenv northwest to 20 In extreme south, east portion. Thursday, eloudy tc partly eloudy and continued cold ."Missouri frorcasl: Partly cloncl tnnlnhl. Colder southeast and ex trcmc east. i/>w tonight. S-lo be low north and zero to 5 above Thursday, mostly cloudy with llgl. snow, not so coid west and north High Thursday. 15-20. Minimum this morning—59. Maximum yesterday—70. Hunset today—5:03. Sunrise tomorrow—7:03. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 today— .60. Total .since Jan. 1—3.72. Mean temperature (midway twcen high nnd low)—64.5. Normal mean for January—399 This n.ite Last Year Mimirnum this mortrnp .5 Maximum :><-:,icHlay- 03. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this dat be "Grave Unrest" Among Miners ST. LOUIS. Jan. 4—W—John t,. Lewis said today there Is "grave unrest" among the nation's coal miners. The United Mine Workers chief told the St. Louis post-Dispatch efficiency is decreasing" Ijecause miners "desire contracts and lie, operators won't in.'Lke rnn- racts. - . ^ The po.'.j' -yispiUch telephoned Lewis at. i' hotel in Springfield, III. ie checked outi or the hotel later n the'day, and the UMW office t Springfield said he probably left own. Lewis said the situation in 111- nois, where some 11,500 miners went on strike yesterday, "is the same us the situation throughout he country: the operators will not icvmit the workers to share in he Increase In the price of coal." "They've raiscil Hie price of coal, as everybody knows," Lewis tofd tin; newspaper. "Kill there h:is tn'cn no increase In (lie cost of production. The miners art; aware of this-. And lliis lias led lo grave unrest amunK tlic miners. Thr operators arc holding the country up." Asked for tlic reason behind the Illinois coal strike, Lewis replied: 'The Illinois question Is the same as the national. These little local manifestation have little bearing on the situation. That's all I care to say at this time. Thank 3-011." No official reason i vuis given by :hc UMW for the walkouts In Illinois. Hugh White, head of tlie UMW ill Illinois, conferred with r,cwis yc.slcrday and then announced the three-day week would be resinned bv Illinois UMW miners next Monday. BlylheviHc's two hanks fit Hie end of 1049 showed n naln of nearly $1,000,000 in deposits over the. tolul nt the end of 10-18, It sviis disclosed today by officials of the two institutions. Officials of both the R-inncrs Hunk atid Trust Company and Ihe First National Bank are preparing statements for publication in response to the lirst hunk call of the new year by the comptroller of currency In Washington. D. C. The hauk call WUK issued ye.s- lerclny for a statement of condition of all federally chartered banks as of December 21, 1019. banks ns of December 31. IDI9. The consolidated deposit figures for thi! two lilythcvllle. banks show a tolul of $10.203,083.05 at Die end of 1019. Corresponding figures for 1919 showed n tolu! ol $i8.'.H2,21().22, which gives ii net gnin of $091,•106.83. Pastor fo Head Polio Fund Drive Missco Goal is Set At $20,000; County Hit Hard During 1949 Arthur s Harrison, chairman o Hie Mississippi County ch'ipter o the NutioiiHl Foundation of Infun tile Pnralysi.s, today announced th appointment of tlie Ile.v. Harvey 'I Kldcl ns campaign director for th 1050 March of Dimes-. Mr. Harrison said that a $20,(K)f quota had been set up for th county, which figure doubles th !0!0 quota. In connection with the Innrcasei quota, Mr. Harrison explained tha because of the polio epidemic Ii tills comity last year unusually larl! amounts had to be sought from Ii national headquarters, and tha depleted treasuries cull for increas ed quotas. A total of about !«),000 was spcn to rehabilitate and provide treat incnt for victims of polio in this county this year. The March of Dimes Is scheduled to start January 10 and extend through January 31. Community chairmen to conduct the solicitation during the drive will be appointed by Mr. Kldd before time for the drive to Kct underway. Osceola District Board ro Award School Contract Bids on a new 12-classroom eto- mentary school building for O:ceo- la are slated to be opened this afternoon in tlie office of Superintendent C. F. Sanders. Approximately 12 Turns nrc expected to submit bid.s on Ihe building bonds for which were auhor- ized In .September's .school election. In addition to the cla.'vsrooms, the building Is to contain a kindergarten room, offices, a combinarion auditorium and cafeteria, and music and band rooms, U. S, Branson is architect lor the project. Seen; Truman Renews Call for Tair Deal l!y Krnesl H. Vacc«ro \VAS[IINGTON, .fan, 4. (AP)—['resident Truman ;ul- 'ocaletl 11 "moderate amount." ol' new faxes today in a Klinv- iiffly optimistic State ol' tlie Union message voicing hope of an eventual trillion-dollar economy. If America keeps growing a.s it has in the last 50 years, ic told Congress, the total national production 50 years lence will bo nearly four times what, it is now, or at the •ate of more than one thousand billions of dollars a year. In a mixture of humility antl pride, Mr. Truman said: "Today, by the grace of God, we stand, a free and prosixjrous nation vlth greater possibilities for the future than any people luive ever hail lefore," The President's message was iin In which lie (I) looked far Into the future—when, In: snlcl, Ihe average family may make tile cimiva- li-nl of more than $12,IK)[| a year—mill (2| dwelled mi what he called. the present day needs for such things as continued rent controls and repeal i>f Hie Tafl-Hurtloy labor law. On foreign affairs, Mr. Truman said the threat of Communist conquest of Western Europe niul the Medileirancnn has receded. But he said the United sink's must continue tha multi-billion dollar European Recovery Program without crippling culs whic.li would play Into the hands of the "enemies of democracy." Mr. Truman said the United Stales also must put Into effect the plans for rearming Western Europe under the North Atlantic: J'reaty of 1040. The President, hud llltlc to say of the pur Eastern crisis. He did not mention the communist, conquest, of China or the menace to Formosa. lie did. however, urge enactment of his program to help raise the standards of living in backward areas, particularly In the Far" East. 'Recent world events make prompt action imperative," he snid. Declaring that "lire, false promises of Communism", represent a challenge which "tor my jrorl, I Yvi'lcoine," Air. Truajaii added: "f believe that our country, at this crucial point In world history, will nice.! the challenge successfully." The President gave no Inkling of how much new revenue he wants a' or where he would turn to get It. Nor did he disclose what existing taxes he wonld drop or lower to, as he pnl It. "reduce present Inequities" and "stimulate buflnesH activity." lie simply said there should be "some changes" in the tax system to produce these results. His tax proposals will come later, in a sjieclal message. He is expected lo yield to demands for an end lo the bulk of the war-time excise levies on such things as transportation fares and telephone bills, provided the loss is more than offset by taxes from corporations profits and other sources. Mr. Truman said the budget he will submit Monday, for the fiscal year starting .Inly I, holds spending lo the lowest, levels consistent with Christmas Twins Homed Christa and Christina, Proud Parents Report The twin «rik born to Mr. and j "the folly of attempting budget Mrs. Tom Gray on Clulstjnas haVc I si cold war requirements and essential economic, neccis at home. He declared that his fiscal policy offers "Ihe quickest and safest way of achieving a balanced budget" hnt he (lid not hold cut any hope that government spending can be held within Income during the forthcoming fiscal year. More Keel Ink Sliciniing Likely In fact, Ills tnlk of moderate tax boosts in the face of continued heavy obligations pointed to another year or more ol red Ink financing. Mr, Truman spoke out against Here Are Things President Wants Congress to Do: WASHINGTON, Jnn. 4. (AP) — Here, In brief, arc President Truman's major recommendations to Congress In his State of tlic Union message— lUlml In tlie order irad by tlie President: Military — Continue Selective Service, which Li still on the books although no men are now being • /"oiiilr.ii— Support Atlantic Pact tieiensc Wans. Keep the European Recovery Plan goinj; ivllhoub "crippling" It. Juln tlic International Tniile Organization. Pant DcnclliiK measures to imt into effect (lie "Point Four" program of American technical .lint financial aid to underdeveloped nations. liusincss — "Close tile loopholes In the Clayton Act wliicli permit monopolistic mergers." The President promised to send Congress later "a .series of proposals to strengthen the. antl-monoixjly laws, to rus.si.st .small business, and to encourage the growth of new enterprises." l-nlror—rtcppal the TaU-Harlloy law and replace It with "a law thai Ls fair to all and In Harmony with our Weals." Set up a labor extension service to encourage cducatl In labor relations. names: Christa and Christina. And the only man who attempted to name (hem had liis .surges'Ion selected. He's Owlglit O. Anderson of VVilsnn. 'Hie Grays became parml.s of the two girls arounii 7 o'clort: ChrLst- inns night. Titty asked the: Courier News to solicit aid from readers In naming the children. Women praiominaletl la.shes which would Impair our l>ro.specLs for pence or cripple the programs e.ssenlifil to our national -strength. He laid particular cm- phnsis on funds for the European Recovery Program for non-Com- inuni.st nations. 71ic President appeared before a Joint session of the Senate and House. m'<ny of whn.se members have been demanding sharp cuts lx>th in K^vernintnl spending ami Railroads Ask Big Hike In Mail-Carrying Pay WASHINGTON. Jan, 4 I,V ( —The nation's major railroad-, today asked the government l» nearly double their pay for carryircr mails compared with levels at the -start of 1911. The petition was filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission The rail carriers have been press- Ing the ICC for higher mail pay for „ the la<t two year?. They contend ' ' y New York Cotton Mar thnl mounting operating casts Ihe last •cvcral yenrs make a manont .idinstincnt In m.iil rates nerevary. OVI'T pcr- p.ij July Oct. Dec. Open . .. 307,1 3055 :(ooo . A . . . 28M 2827 3W2 3(10.8 285'} 2338 I/iw 3'/7! 30.32 •-•MR >R\r, 2820 Sec TKIJMAN on Page. R Soviet Ships Reported In North China Port in suKgestlnns and one 13-:.'.'iir old in existing taxes. girl wrote a letter v.-hith i.'icluded i Chairman Camion (D-Mo) of the a couple of names. Many persons writing the Gmy.s Included their lx«t nWie.s i«; health and happiness. Some .-.nil greeting cards. Finding it too much of <• la.-k to answer each letter per.",nnl!y, the Grays are grateful for t!ir,.;e who showed Interest In thrir [wo small •[iris. They'll thank Mr Atuk-iMii personally, they said. Soybeans N. O. Cotton Open Irish l-ow 1:30 Mar 2.'B . 232 228 , 2;i2 May 226', 229'» 22G'i 229( a July 233 326'.i 313 !26!i Nfar. May .July Ocl. , Deo. , Hlzh Low 3071 D063 3054 394-i 29P/> 2Mr? 2:)8U . 2830 2842 2829 3S!8 J830 3342 . 30G7 304E 1:30 3075 3f)S« 300:i . 3JM8 ! 21)34 1:30 30« 1051 2839 J333 TAII'KH, Fuimosa. Jan. 1-iJ',— Chine.'ie Navy reports today sfiid parts or the Hussian Asiatic fleet. Including more liian 20 submarines, had moved into ice-free Divircn. lied-held N'orl)) China port. Nationalist icadcis here susjiccl that any attempt by Chinese Com- rnunl.sts to invade Formosa would come from LXiiren and Tsingtao, another Communist North China port, Instead of from the mainland 100 miles to the west of Formosa. Intelligence reports of the Nationalists say the Chlno.se IJnls hnve bought 20 British tank lanrl- hlR ships and numerous molorboal engines In Ilcmg KOIIR. Reports say the Chinese Communists In the North have been concentrating ships for the eventual assault on Formosa expected ^oon. Russian assistance in the formation of tlie Communist amphibious operation Is suspected by tho NalioimH.sU. f--;iriit—Pi'ovide mandatory price supports for products which arc major sources of farm income and arc not adequately covered, [\-i.ss the Urannan larm jjlan with iM system of production payments. Housing — Provide hou.sing for middle-Income families by authorizing cooperatives and other non-profit groups to build d-.veli- ings such fnmilicv; can afford. Extend federal rent coutiol nnyther year. I'nurr--Oiler public prv,u'r ill such rcKton.s a.s Nov.' Knslaiul. Approve the fii. Liiwr'-i:co Seaway and the C'oUimbiu V;*lk-y All- niinlslration. Stirnrr — Complete ac'iou Oil the bill to set up a iliitlonal science loundation. Hi'itlth atnf Sn:iiril> — Illcriv.se the iieuefiUs aod extend the coverage of old a;:e and survivors' Insurance, no the same for the unemployment compensation law, rus v.'Cli r»s ijujji'ovin^ it.s operation. Ucnu-(ly the shortage ol docti.T.% nur.se.s. public tir'alth services. "Establish a sy.stem of n.ociic-^l ir.sur.ince \vh;ch ^i 1 .! en.ible -.ill Americans lo afforrl ::o<.>ii ruedic.il care," Provide icdiual a.s?istancc to the states for education. Ciui Ilighls—i:nact the full civil ri.yhi.i pioirram proposed prev- i^fu.sly fit Include.s anli-t).i!l lax legislation, an ar\ll-i3 nchlu^ bill and a fair employment practices law.) Grant .statehood to Alaska and Hawaii. Give more self-government to American island 1103- scssions. Accord home rule to ti:e District of Columbia. Tlisplarrrl 1'crforis — ''Extend and broaden the existing ilisplnc- c<l pcr.-:on.s law and remove its disciitr.inatory features." Taxes—"Make some changes In our Uax system \\utch will reduce present inequities, stimulate btisl- neM activity, and yield a moderate amount of additional revenue." The Presiclent piomi.scd specific recorrunendntiojis "at an •arly data."

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