The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California on November 12, 1939 · Page 2
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The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California · Page 2

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Sunday, November 12, 1939
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V '( i. i I! ft iir Ai If: U 1 i PAGE TWO Where Bomb Missed Hitler Secret service men, police and other officials are shown above inspecting demolished interior of Buerger-brau In Munich after a time bomb exploded a few minutes after Hitler's speech. (These three pictures are Wide World photos.) Unidentified Workman Suspected of Plotting Blast to Kill Fuehrer Man Who Repaired Gallery Encircling Beer Cellar Center of Nazis' Suspicions (By Associated Press) MUNICH, Nov." 11. An odd jobs repairman tonight became the object of Nazi suspicion in the beer cellar explosion whose seven victims were buried here today in the presence of Adolf Hitler. Heinrich Himraler, head or all German police forces, announced in Berlin the unidentified workman, who repaired a gallery encircling the beer cellar, was suspected of the plot. The police head said it had been established preparations for the plot on Hitler's life which misfired started last August when the man under suspicion worked frequently at the beer hall. The blast went off between the ceiling and floor directly above the rostrum from which the fuehrer had spoken only a few minutes before to old guard Nazis gathered for their annual get together at the scene of their abortive 1923 putsch. ROUNDUP ORDERED Prior to Himmler's announcement, authorities ordered a roundup of all persons in Germany without proper identification papers. The fuehrer returned unannounced from Berlin for the state funeral of the six men and one woman who died in the explosion he missed by only 11 minutes Wednesday night. Afterwards he surveyed the wreckage of the Nazi shrine, where his abortive 1923 putsch started, heard the commission of inquiry report and visited the 63 injured by the blast. - ' Rudolf Hess, No. Nazi, delivered the eulogy at the funeral in the field marshal's hall, declaring: ' "Just as the Buergerbrau crime rebounded to the fuehrer's boon, so Peace Efforts in Dock Strike Fail , (Continued from Page One) those struck by the marine firemen, remained aboard, and pickets permitted full delivery of food and necessities. About 19 freighters were in port, several having fled before the strike was called. The Waterfront Employers association said lines would probably begin "passing up" San Francisco promptly, especially French and British vessels under admiralty control. Henry Schmidt, president of the longshore lecal here, hotly disputed Foisie's claim the strike was an effort by Bridges to seize control of clerk hiring, and counter-charged that the eroployer attitude was "an opening wedge to bring back open 6hop conditions the clerks are only striking for the same things longshoremen have had since 1934." Disputed points besides preferential hiring were the registration of all employes, demanded by the union for job protection; job rotation, and reduction of weekly work hours from 44 to 42 for clerks hired by the month. Ax in Skull Found Hoax After 50 Years fFv Vnltd Press) CAMBRIDGE, England, Nov. 11. For 50 years a 4,000-year-old animal skull in which a stone ax was embedded has been exhibited at the Sedgwick museum as an example of prehistoric hunting. Scientists were shocked today when Major Gordon Fowler, a research worker, disclosed that he had obtained a confession from the practical Joker who placed the ax In the skull to fool scholars. Fowler aid he had to wait until five years after the Joker's death before dis-closlnj the hoax. the great crime namely the war that has been forced upon us will rebound to his and Germany's boon. "Germany's victory will hinder the enemies of peace who continue to incite the peoples to war. Victory will be ours, thanks to the dead." The occasion was observed throughout the country as a "day of sorrow" and flags flew at half staff. In the campaign against persons without proper papers, police were instructed to institute more stringent control, especially during blackouts, and to arrest all Germans and foreigners lacking credentials. ALL QUIET IN WEST Rumors a German invasion of the Netherlands was impending were dismissed in Berlin as "lies" from Great Britain and France. Informed quarters said neither the Netherlands nor Belgium believed the rumors and protective measures taken were to quiet their own people. The army high command's communique on developments on the western front said there was only "minor scouting and artillery activity." While the Investigating commission was examining more than 1,000 clues in the Buergerbrau hall ex-posion, Nazis asserted that "moral as well as actual responsibility for the effort to assassinate Hitler and party leaders lies abroad." Mme. Sun Yat Sen Denounces Deserter MANILA, Nov. 11. Madame Sun Yat Sen, widow of China'B revered liberator, denounced the "traitorous" conduct of Wang Ching-wei in a signed dispatch published today in the Fokien Times, Chinese daily paper, on, the eve of the birthday of the late Dr. Sun. "How dare this national traitor continue to distort and deface the teachings of Sun Yat Sen?" Madame Sun wrote. Wang, an elder revolutionary and one-time collaborator with General Chiang Kai-shek and the favorite student of Dr. Sun, recently became Japan's puppet at Peking, seat of the north China government. Russian Papers Give Hitler' s Address MOSCOW, Nov. 11. Russian newspapers belatedly published today the full text of Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's speech at Munich on Wednesday. It was the first time that Soviet newspapers have published a Hitler speech in full. War Debts to U.S. Total 141 Billions (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Nov. 11. Armistice day was observed at the treasury by a recomputation showing European nations still owe us S14,-497,161,340.22 as a result of the World war. The computation was made in accordance with funding agreements signed around an oval mahogany table by Secretary Morgenthau. With both principal and interest, here's the bill: Great Britain, $5,497,069,379.48; SAN BERNARDINO DAILY SUN. FRONTIER IT AID 10 NAZIS BT WITNESSES Another Border Incident Occurs As German Soldiers Enter 'No Man's Land' Strip By GRATTAN P. McGROARTY (United Press Correspondent) VENLO, Holland, Nov. 11. German secret police agents were responsible for the border incident of Thursday shooting a Dutch "intelligence officer" and forcibly carrying five other persons into the reich eye-witnesses said tonight after another frontier incident occurred. The second incident was at Bak-haus inn, on the outskirts of Venlo, where the United Press correspondent witnessed the entry of German soldiers into a strip of "no man's land" which the Germans reportedly consider a part of the reich but which the Dutch regard as part of Holland. 'HERE THEY COME' Without causing more than passing excitement, about 20 German soldiers and one officer marched through the frontier gate into the area which extends about 100 feet from the gate. They loaded furniture from that half of the German customs house which technically stands on the Dutch side of the frontier into a motor truck. Some of them returned through the gate, while others remained without interference by the Dutch. The German customs house Is a two-story red brick building and stands adjacent to the spot where the shooting and alleged abduction occurred last Thursday. Ralph Izzard, correspondent for the London Daily Mail, and I had just arrived at Bakhaus inn when the woman tavern keeper exclaimed: "Here they come!" We ran to the window and saw the big German truck passing through the barrier, followed by soldiers in full equipment a scene that was enough to excite the Dutch in view of recent tension and rumors of Invasion threats. PASSES AS AMERICAN The officer ordered part of his detachment to the back of the cafe and Izzard, fearing arrest as a British subject, went out a side door. He was trapped in a blind alley and considered tearing up his passport. The German officer spoke to a woman' scrubbing the front steps, asking who was inside. She replied: "Just a couple of Americans." The soldiers then went about their busi ness of loading the truck. According to eye-witness stories of the first incident, which the Dutch government asked the Ger man government to investigate, it was not definite that the "kid- nnnpri" nerson SDOke Enelish as Iwell as French, but some persons standing nearby when the Ger mans crossed the frontier said that I this was true. France, $4,180,628,819.88; Italy, $2,-024,150,441.19; Germany, $1,259,870,-431.25; Armenia, $23,803,104.11; Belgium, $453,324,480.11; Czechoslovakia (now claimed from Germany,) $165,-762,044.80; Estonia, $21,029,440.02; Finland, $8,233,157.56; Austria (now claimed from Germany,) $26,011,-672.09; Greece, $34,523,635.29; Hungary, $2,388,730.08; Latvia, $8,668,-365.93; Lithuania, $7,760,608.08; Poland. $263.166 398.70; Rumania. $63.-999,476.67; Russia, $394,992,092.46, and Yugoslavia, $61,779,062.52. Destroyed Gutzon Borglum's statue of Woodrow Wilson in Wilson park, Poznan, Poland, which was destroyed by Germans as an "artistic eyesore." Knickerbocker Views Activity on West Line French Shells Shoot Down Two Nazi Planes In Relatively Quiet Day of Fighting By H. R. KNICKERBOCKER (International News Correspondent) WTTW THE FRENCH ARMY AT THE FRONT, SOMEWHERE IN FRANCE, Nov. 11. Under a dark and cloudy sky we stood atop an "ouvrage" (fortification) in the Maginot line today and watched French anti-aircraft" shells bursting in black blotches against the gray ceiling. It was a ouiet dav on the front, hut those fineers from below reached out to find and claw down a single enemy plane, hidden somewhere above, its motor droning faintly, mysteriously, constantly. Shortly before we arrived, one of its sisters, a big twin-motored hnmher. had exoerienced the fate which will forever mark this quiet day on the western front in tne memory of all those who may remember men in the jlane. In the words of the short, muscular, enereetic captain who com mands this advanced post on the Maginot line: "It is too bad you came just 20 minutes too late. STAND ON FORT We stood on top of this fort just beside the turret where soldiers stood or sat, incessantly watching the sky through field glasses, and with anti-aircraft and machine guns ready to fire instantly. "Right over there he came down," the captain indicated. "It was a big bomber and you should have seen our fighters slaughter him. "He had no business coming over here. It was perfectly idiotic, but they do it all the time, Just to see if they can. "Anyway, first one wing fell off, then the other; then, something occurred which I have never seen before. "He seemed just to explode. He turned into a ball of flame and down he came. Afterward you could see for a long time a pillar of dirty black smoke." HEAVIER FIRE Detonations heavier than those from anti-aircraft guns soon began nearby. Desultory and intermittent, they nevertheless continued. I asked what they were. "Just dropping a few on the Germans," was the answer. Quiet day! Only one plane fell burning and only a few thousand pounds of high explosive gave evidence that this might still be considered a real war. With our field glasses, our gaze directed by French officers who know every inch of the terrain like their own pockets, were able to pick out villages and even individual houses within what must be the largest strip of no-man's land that ever existed in any modern war. Within this zone, belonging to no one and inhabited by nothing but lonely .cats and stray dogs and ghosts, are whole cities. This spectral strip extends all the way from Switzerland to Luxembourg, and includes such great centers of population as Strasbourg. Before us lay the village named Hitlersdorf. Der fuehrer's own namesake lay there empty as a nutshell, quiet as nightfall, ominous as war. It Is one town n no-man's land which the Germa i would like desperately to regain, but the French, able to shield it with artillery fire, refuse to relinquish it. How the French feci toward the man Hitler was illustrated on the wall by a high French officer, who spent a quarter of an hour this morning telling us where we should go and what we should see. There hung a swastika-framed picture of der fuehrer. Over it this dignified commander of scores of thousands of troops had written with his own hand: "Raus mlt ihm!" Meaning "away with him." That Is to say, it Is the spirit of what many lay observers believe is the strongest army in the world. SUNDAY, NOVEMBER That means it is stronger than the Germans. Then why doesn't the war begin? The answer is that it will begin only when one side or the other not only is superior, but feels itself decisively superior. Hitler feels like that now, as he respects his air force; and so long as he has any justification for this feeling, he is expected at any moment to break loose with an offensive. In this part of the world the comment of all informed persons is "it might come any time now maybe today, maybe tomorrow." When it comes, it certainly will not catch the French napping. The extent and degree of French preparation are simply incredible even to one who has watched it from one angle and another since the beginning of the war. Take tanks, for instance. We vis ited today a tank outfit installed in a village with such complete camouflage it was utterly impossible to suspect they were there. Yet they are so mobile they are able to pack complete equipment for a battalion and move out within an hour. A tight-lipped young major answered questions as we stood in front of a company of tank soldiers drawn up in honor of the front correspondents. WAR CROSSE8 I asked: "What did that young lieutenant get his new Croix de Guerre for?" The answer was: "Oh, he's only one of seven who got this war's new cross in a little engagement we had when 39 of our tanks went into action. "Incidentally, two German 30 mm. shells made direct hits on the tur ret of one tank. They dented it, but did not even put the turret, much less the tank, out of action." I asked the major where he rode when in a battle, and he replied: "I and all the other officers ride in a gunner's seat. During a battle we must act as gunners, at the same time directing the battalion." One can imagine, therefore, that the camaraderie of the tank corps surpasses that of any other branch of the army. Mexico Closes Ports To Belligerent Ships (By Aspnfiatpd Press) MEXICO CITY, Nov. 11. Naval authorities Issued instructions today for enforcement of an executive de cree by President Lazaro Cardenas closing all Mexican ports to bellig erent warships, submarines and air planes. Ths president's decree was aimed at preserving Mexico's ARMISTICE DAY Dawn of Nov. 11, 1918, Hailed Joyfully by Weary Troops, Who Prayed for Peace By RUSSELL LANDSTROM (Associated Press Writer) CHICAGO, Nov. 11. Men in dirty uniforms stirred uneasily in their brief sleep and scratched where the vermin crawled. Others peered and plodded through the cold November night, the front their destination. Some, better favored, lingered In estamlnets and drank to a happier dawn. The wounded spread their distorted pallor over the land. Bursts of flame along the skyline and the dropping of dreaded ash-cans made it plain to those yet awake that the same old grotesque and grisly razzle dazzle was still on. Soldiers mumbled old protests in their nightmares, prey to phantoms and realities alike. "Rlsa and shine," yawped the top 12, 1939 i .L r' "fell r I VpiiiilSMl.My pilllllSilf Jilllllill fif 0 Holland Guards Border Camouflaged underground fortifications on Dutch coast, part of border defenses constructed recently In The Netherlands. Germany has concentrated large masses of troops near the Dutch frontlier and "incidents" have heightened tension. N1ITRE DAIS IRISH YIELD 10 iom in Southern California Juggernaut Crushes Stanford 33-0 and O.S.C. Dumps Oregon (Continued from Page One) intersectional program, trouncing New York university, 20-7, as Paul Christman scored two touchdowns, passed for the other and generally outplayed his N. Y. U. rival, Ed Boell. The East dropped another intersectional decision when Villa-nova bowed to Auburn, 10-9, but won three games. Fordham tripped Indiana 13-0 as Len Eshmont dashed 74 yards for one score; Duquesne nosed out North Carolina State, 7-0, to remain unbeaten and Untied; and Boston college nipped Detroit, 20-13, on a fourth quarter pass by Charlie O'Rourke. MICHIGAN DUMPED A crowd of 65,000 saw Minnesota upset Michigan, 20-7, in their annual struggle for the little brown jug. Fred Montague's field goal gave Purdue a surprising 3-0 verdict over Northwestern, Illinois stopped Wisconsin, 7-0, on Jimmy Smith's 82-yard run, and Ohio State swamped Chicago as per schedule, 61-0. In the Big Six, Nebraska halted Kansas, 7-0, as Iowa State ab-sorrbed a 21-2 beating from non-conference Marquette. Baylor retained its slender chance for a share in the Southwest title by walloping Texas' Longhorns, 20-0, while Rice and Arkansas played to a 12-12 draw. Texas Christian won from Tulsa of the Missouri Valley conference, 16-0. In the East, Penn State, Pitt and Harvard all overturned betting fa- vorites. Pitt stopped Carnegie Tech, 6-0, on a pass from Edgar Jones to Bob Thurbon in the last two mi utes; Penn State shocked the ex perts with a 10-0 decision over Penn, and Harvard swarmed all over Army to win, 15-0. LIONS BEAT NAVY A late pass by Jack Naylor to Gus De Augustlnis earned Colum bia a 19-13 decision over Navy; Yale and Brown played to a 14-14 draw; Holy Cross won from Temple, 14-0, and Manhattan halted West Vir ginia, 19-7. Rutgers and George town each remained unbeaten, the former winning the Middle Three title by beating Lafayette, 13-6, while Georgetown swamped Mary-land, 20-0. Wesleyan defeated Wil Hams, 13-0, and won the Little Three crown. Georgia and Vanderbilt won Southeastern conference tilts, the former from Florida, 6-2, and Vanderbilt from Sewanee, 25-7. kick, and as the men crept from the poor sleep of their blankets their faces were as liverish as the mask of another unwanted day. Unwanted? It was Nov. 11, 1918. Within a few hours of that dawn which in the minds of most of the troops meant only further hardship and misery, the cry, "La guerre est finie!" was to throb from one end of the front to the other. Incredible as it seemed, it was true. The carillon of death in action was muffled; the nations were to hear a little organ music of tranquil life. No more bawling for stretcher-bearers; no more bloody, muddy advances; no more chlorine; no more hunger. Just peace, from now on. More names for the history books, place-names that bleed with the hell of war, salients of the dead, Jump-ing-off places that echoed with the enormity of pain and ruin. The great adventure at Armaged- don was over. Just peace now, after mmmmm Qarner for President Force Shifts to High For Convention Drive Armistice on Politics Ended With Bang as Plan Drafted to Win Over Most States (By United Press) WASHINGTON, Nov. 11. The political! armistice ended with a bang today with revelation that tne Garner-for-President group plans to organize a majoiuty of the states in the vice-president's behalf within the next two months. Garner managers, however, will stay out of notable favorite son states such as Tennessee and Indiana where Secretary of State Cor-dell Hull and Federal Security Administrator Paul V. McNutt would expect delegates support at the 1940 Democratic national convention. ' Managers of the Garner campaign insist President Roosevelt will not be a third term candidate. To suggestions Mr. Roosevelt might bolt his 1932-36 running mate if the vice-president were nominated for top spot next year, the Texan's associates will counter with emphasis upon the part Garner played in making possible the first Roosevelt nomination. They figure Mr. Roosevelt should be grateful. SPECULATION RIFE Speculation regarding a Roosevelt bolt of a presidential ticket headed by Garner is based on knowledge the President wants New Deal policies continued in the next four years and uncertainty whether he considers the vice-president a liberal in the Roosevelt sense of the word. The pair long have disagreed on spending and labor policies of the administration and there have been less spectacular differences between them. Garner came close to open break with Mr. Roosevelt because the latter did not immediately and effectively repudiate the sit-down strike technique. Organization and other pre-con-vention plans of the Garner forces were revealed today in a dispatch written by Bascom N. Timmons, correspondent of the Houston, (Texas) Chronicle and a group of other Prowler Admits He Entered Wrong House (By Associated Press) BOSTON, Nov. 11. A prowler made a mistake early today in invading the home of Mrs. William Killeen, wife of a patrolman even though her husband was on duty. Waking to find a man trying to choke her, Mrs. Killeen grappled with the intruder, tossed a right and left at his head, kicked him in the trousers, and then threw him out a first floor window. A suspect was picked up later. "I got into the wrong house," police quoted him as saying. "I made a mistake." WHAT IT MEANS the reckoning of the casualties dead, wounded and missing which were to total nearly 40,000,000 on both sides, or nearly 60 per cent of all mobilization. Several World war veterans, Borne of them distinguished then and all become eminent since, recalled today the circumstances under which they heard tidings of the truce, and how they received it. A number of them expressed also their convictions about war 21 years after they bade farewell to battle. Hanford MacNider of Mason City, Iowa, former assistant secretary of war and minister to Canada, then a newly commissioned major in the ninth infantry, second division, had disobeyed orders in the face of the enemy. "In the dark of the morning," he related, "I had been sent to put 2,000 men of a proud old regiment across the river Meuse at Mouzon, to establish a last minute bridgehead in case the armistice failed. "It had turned out to be a pretty . - Lk, , i'..' I x southern and border states papers. Timmons is a Washington veteran and one of Garner's long time associates. He obtained the Garner campaign plans by telephone from E. B. Germany, the natiomal manager of the campaign wfho maintains headquarters in DalBas. ROOSEVELT MUM By keeping out of states such as Indiana and Tennessee where formidable favorite son candidates have hopes, the Garner managers will avoid offending them. That is part of the strategy of keeping as many party leaders as possible in a state of mind suitable to a switch to Garner if, as his managers believe, he shows a "clear superiority in delegates" on an early ballot. Mr. Roosevelt has said nothing publicly and definitely about his 1940 plans. Postmaster General James A Farley in a book "Behind the Ballots," written a couple of years ago, suggested that late summer of 1939 would be about the right time for the President to reveal his intentions. That time has passed and Democratic politics are in somewhat of a muddle because party leaders are not positive what the President intends to do. , . Railroad Hustles 'Delivery' of Fire (By Associated Press) MARYSVILLE, Cal., Nov. 11. Generally firemen go to the fire, but yesterday the fire was wheeled right into the hands of the fire department. A Western Pacifio freight crew discovered a flat car afire between Marysville and Oroville. They cut the blazing car' loose, telephoned ahead, and used the locomotive to hustle the conflagration into Marysville. Two fire engines met it, and saved the carload of plate glass. Director's Daughter Marries Playwright (By Associated Press) LOS ANGELES, Nov. 11. Alma Lloyd, daughter of Frank Lloyd, film director, and Franklin Gray, actor-playwright, were married this afternoon in a private ceremony at the Wilshire Methodist church. bad show. Men out in front had died like flies on a treacherous trap of broken bridge, helpless targets in the blue white light of a burning town. The enemy bank and hills above were blazing with machine guns and minnenwenfers. There was no other place to cross. The whole thing was simply firs, class murder with 'cease firing' but a few hours away. I couldn't do it. I called it off. "I trudged back to brigade headquarters to explain. I expected it would be pretty bad. A hardbitten cavalryman of the oldischool looked straight through me for a few long minutes and then in a steely voice said, 'So you called It off.' I managed a 'yes sir.' " 'Sit down,' he barked, and in the quiet that followed we could hear faint cheering from outtonthe line. 'This doesn't make sense,' he said, 'but I seem to be glad you did it. How about pushing the old car down to Paris and reporting back someday how all those crazy folks behave on an armistice nightt,?' "

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