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Vermont Statesman from Castleton, Vermont • 2

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Vermont Statesmani
Location:
Castleton, Vermont
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2
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trumpets, making nltogcthor one of the horrible dsn- of dt-cord tnat ever dis-t urhctl the ot that ven-crn'ita pi'f. Pdnvsmging, uMi a benediction by the archbishop, the family artMl, with their body flic functionaries retired to their crowd to the salons, the cafes, I 1 I 'Hid kill fulfil A fl.1V at them? Does it not appear as clear as the sun in its meridian brightness, that there is a regular, systematic plan formed to lix the right and practice of taxation upon us? Does not the uniform conduct of Parliament, lor some years past, confirm this? Does not all the debates, especially those just handed to us, in the House of Commons, on the side of government, expressly declare, that Americans must be taxed in aid of British funds, and that sbe has no longer resources within herself? Is A resolution was adopted appointing Wednesday next, to a. m. for ele ng Supreme Court Judges. The Auditor of the Treasury made a report, by which it appears iha: diete has been paid into ihe treasury she ear end ng Sept.

SO, 1S27, 53,794 57 And that there has been paid out, 48,629 00 Leaving a balance of 65 57 And that there as the state for taxes, in arrearage, same da 54. The Auditor also reports, there has been loaned to the Commissioners of the School Fund during the year ending ith the above da 5133; and there has been received for this object, $-5105 33. Saturday, Oct. 13. Bills ere introduced and once read, authorizing Warren Dickinson to erect wharves and orehouscs a.

Stoney Point on Lake Champlain; and authorizing Norton to ctcct wharves and storehouses at Kenyon's Bay, on Lk. Champlain. An act dividing Dorset an act incorporating the Vermont Mining Company an act laying a. tax on Iluiland county, were all read and dis-. missed.

An act to provide for the establishment of county poorhonses to incotporate the Vermont Fire Insurance Company the petition of Thos. Hammond for a canal and the petitions of Joseph Colhns and others, and Noah Peck and others, with the remonstrance of Henry Hodges, were all read and referred. The petition of Joseph A. Gallup was laid on the tallo. A communication from His Excellency announced the reappointment of Daniel Kellogg Esq.

as Secretary of the Governor and Council. in my view, of doubtful tendency. And should it prove as salutary as its supporters expected, it can never close the door against the admission of an evil allowed on all hands to be highly demoralizing in its tendency. The money received by the state, although expended for the best of purposes, will, never, lully compensate community for the various species of immorality that will have received encouragement. A bill entitled An act to abolish imprisonment for debt," published with the acts of the last session, will claim vour attention.

Tho subject has repeatedly occupied the consideration of the legislature: and al-though the object is desirable, yet the manner in which it can be elFectcd with salety to all concerned, scorns not to have been discovered. The bill, in its present shape, is too complicated to answer the best purpose. It would increase litigation rather than discourage it embarrass the administration of justice, rather than promote it. If concealment of property should be constituted a crime, and punished with severity as such, executions might isue against the property only, of the debtor, with as much safety to tho creditor, as the constitution, or justice require. This subject is important it has engrossed the minds of many for years past, and if nothing further should meet your approbation, I hope the propriety of compelling the cred tor to provide for the support of his debtor, during his confinement, will be duly considered.

Our statutes will all pass in review before you. But it should be kept in mind that every unnecessary alteration is, not only perplexing and inconvenient in the ad-ministralioi) of justice, but often the occasion of injurious mistakes. Where the necessity of new enactments has become obvious, let us act without fear; but with due caution. For some months past, several engineers, in the employment of the general government, have been engaged in examining different routes fir canals in this stale; but as to the result of their labors no information can at this time be given. A communication has been received from the ordnance department of the United States, by which it appears there is now ready for the use of this state, one thousand five hundred and nineteen muskets, as its quota for tins four years last past.

If desired, other arms or accoutrements, of e-qual value, will be furnished. These arms will be sent to any designated place in Vermont to which they can be conveyed by water. As the arms are not wanted for present use, I have delayed to direct their removal to any place in thi state; and will still wait the order of the legislature, in relation to them. Permit me here to suggest the propriety of landing these arms at Burlington; and that they be brought from thence to some place to be provided for that purpose, near the scat of government, and kept in good order until wanted for use. Should the piopnsition meet your approbation, provision must be made to carry it into effect.

The legislature "ill then have opportunity to idea is novel, and I am inclined to think the remark has been hastily linown out wiui but utile consiueiation, and will, when duty examined, be retracted, 'ihere can be no better guide in politicks than past experience. Look at the preseut prosperous condition of the United States thie successive adnunisti alions continued eight years each. One after another steadily progressing iu prosperity and credit at homo aud abroad, is all this to be iorgotteii in our l'uture match? Or shall this instructive lessen be improved as a lamp to our pathf It is true, no one can say what wouid have been the consequence if Jefferson had not received his second election; and Aladison, and Monroe, had shared the same tate; and all three, one alter another, had been dismissed from the public service at the end of their first tetm. But all must know, that the state wouid have lost twelve years' service ot those able statesman; and that too, not the least Useful part of their sei vices. Add to this the hazard and risque, of selecting three new candidates to serv four years each.

Let the candid decide whether the doctrine that has heretofore prevailed, is not more safe for the country, than that against which I contend. Due consideia-lion, will convince any one, that it is unjust as well as unsafe. There is no other way in which the great body of tho freemen can express their approbation of the first four years' administration, but by a second election. Should that take place, and should the same course be pursued the last four, the president leaves the chair of state with the sealed approbation of the nation his reputation is secure forever, as it ought to be. Not stwith him who receives no second election.

A duect stigma is cast on either his person or his policy. The disgrace must follow him to the close of life; aud in the present condition of society, would be visited on his descendants. Would it have been just, for the country to have treated either of the exalted individuals I have named, in the manner lately proposed, to treat every one who may hereafter occupy the chair of state? Had the constitution been so framed, or should this idea prevail so that a second election can never take place, the honest patriot would always be deprived of the reward he most esteems, for all his services there would be no way left by which tho people are distinctly to decide whom they approve and whom they disapprove. The good and the bad, the wise and the simple, are all alike to be thrown aside as useless lumber. Is thus just? But the injustice to individuals has not been the occasion of these remarks.

The increased dangers to which our institutions would be exposed, is that which more deserves our attention. The doctrine against which I protest, in its practical operation, would in all cases deprive the state of the services of the ablest statesmen, at a time when they would be most capable of being useful, and perhaps too, at a time when their services would be indispensably necessary to preserve the country from distraction, and the government from dissolution. Again, the reins of government must be committed to new hands once every four years; and if the views of some are to guide us, they ought to be taken, not from the cabinet, but from some other employment or station, in which they have had little or no acquaintance with the duties they have now to perform, and direct. On every occasion of the kind, heretofore, we have given the reins to no man until he had been well disciplined, and had become acquainted with the duties he had to perform; and had given evidence of his Hi' announced pomp, which, a a pub lie. of magnificence, was miser failure, and, as an act of national rcii llf, iiiiu iim ii (iiinint but exurcssivc phrase) a solemn humbug.

i WAIIiaUTOS's LETTERS. Tim I im North American Ucicw srivc (several Iciitu Ariiicn bv Gen. Washington, in carh life, cs a ample of tlio now editing bv Mr.Sparks. The ti.o are copied as beintr iiitere'ing of ihcniHtl as ali'ording nonic idea of the carlj ojiunAiii of him who wan 'first ia war, first in peace, and f-rst in the hearts of his TO MIH. MAItV WAMMMHON.

Fort Cumberland, July ISth, 1753. A I doubt not but you have beard of our b'lcat, and had it represented in a worse jb'ltt, il possible, than it deserves; I have talit ti I hi earliest opportunity to give you account of the engagement, as it happen within seven miles of the French Foil, on Wednesday the ninth infant. Wo marched on to that place without any considerable loss, having only now and then a straggler picked up by the French and scouting Indians. When we came there, wo were attacked by a body of French and Indians, whose number, I am persuaded, did not exceed tluee hundred men; while ours connoted of about thiiteeu hundred well armed troops, chiefly regular soldiers, who were struck with such a panic, that they behaved with more cowardice than it is possible to conceive. The olli-cers behaved gallantly, in order to encourage their men; for which they Buffered greatly; there being near sixty killed and wounded; a large proportion out of the miniver we had.

The Virginia troops showed a good deal of bravery, and were nearly all kil.cd; for I believe, out of three companies that were tlwre, scarcely thirty men are left alive. Captain I'eyYouny and all hid officers dow to a corporal were killed. Captain I'olson had nearly a hard a fate, for only one of hi was left. In short, the dastardly behavior of those they tall regulars, exposed all other that were inclined to do their duty, to almost certain death; and at last in despite of all the efforts of the officers to the contrary, they ran, as sheep pursued by oi, and it was impossible to rally them. The Ceneral was wounded, of which he died three days after.

Sir Peter Halket was luihvl in the field; where died many other brave officers. I luckily escaped without a wound, though I had four bullets thro' inv coat, and two horses shot under me. Captain Orrne and Morris, two of the aids-de camp, were wounded early in the engagement, which rendered the duty harder me. as I was the only person then It it distribute the general' orders; which I uas scarcely aide to do, as I was riot half recovered from a violent illness, that had confined rue to my b-d and wagon for above ten davs I am still in a weak and feeble condition, which induces me to halt heic tw three davs, in hope of recovering a little strength to enable me to proceed homeward whence I fear, I shall not be able to stir till towards September; so that I shril! not have the pleasure of seeing you till then unless it he in Fairfax. Please to give my love to Lewis, and my sister nnd conn Hrnents to Mr Jackson, and all titer fri'-nds that inquire after me.

I nm. honored madam, most dutiful son, George Wamhncto.v, TO BRYAN FAIRFAX. Mount Vttnon, July 4th, 1775. As to your politicnl sentiments, I would heartily join you in them, so far as relates I 1. 1., ,1 ,1, I rmtilw.r.

ail IIUHIOH uiiu uuwiui iluiiui tuti throne, provided there was the most distant liope ot success, but have we not tried this already? Have we not addressed the Lords, ondemon3trated to the Commons? And to what end? Did they deign to look BraddocVs defeat, in which Washington served as aid-do-camp to the commander. fThe Fairfax family came early to Virginia, and purchased large 'racts of land on the northern borders of ttie colony. Mr. Bryan Fairfax was a descendant of the first and, as he resided in the neighborhood of Mount Vernon, and was nearly of the fame age as Washington, an intimate friendship between them. Late in life he took orders in the Episcopal Church, and, no mny years before his death, was invested wi he title of Lord Fairfax.

two friends took prompt and active part in opposing the or- of he mother country on the rights of the coloi cs, but Fairfax was not prepared to go the full lc rig1 to which many patriots of that time were led. He looked with drrad upon open resistant and recommended caution, and thought it impolitic take a rash step while any hope remained, that die king and parliament would listen to 'he voice of reason and justice. Sentiments like ece he had freely expressed to his friend, in replv v. hith the present letter was written. When 'l troubles thickened in Boston, occasion-d bv ti ominous intelligence of the Port Bill, and of her cm-roar hmenn on 'he l.bertiesof 'he people, a nni crsaf svmpa'by begun to pervade the tolon es, titid he nl abi'an's of numerous districts p'edje support of what they ler mcd a common cause.

Such a meeting was Mex.mdra, composed of a large portion of the freeholders and inhabitants of Fairfax county. Washington as i ho en and twenty-four resolves, dra up th much abili ernbrai e-ing die chief of complaint, were passed on the eitfh'een'h of Julv, 1774. These resohes were circulated for se- eral davs among the people, before tl.ev were ador ed. Diir-tig 'his space, a correspondcri1 i-n he subject took place between Wnshng'on and Fa i fax, of which tho letter here inserted makes a part. there any tiling to be expectco irom peu- irr 1 1 i -1 1.4 not the attack 11 MOll the liberty and property of the people ot 1 1" II I II I Boston, before restitution lor the Joss to me India company was demanded, a plain, a self-evident proof of what they are aiming at And does not the subsequent bill (now, I dare say, act) for depriving the Massachusetts Hay of its charter, and for transporting offenders into other colonies, or to (ireat Britain, for trial, (where it is impossible from the nature of the tiling, that justice can be obtained,) convince us that administration is determined to stick at nothing to carry its point? Ought we not, then, to put our virtue to the severest test? With you, I think it a folly to attempt more than we can execute, as that will not only bring disgrace upon us, but weaken our cause; hut I think we can do more than is generally believed, in respect to the nonimportation scheme.

As to the withholding of our remittances, that is another point, in which I own I have my doubts on several accounts, but principally on that of justice; for I think while we are accusing others of injustice, we should he just ourselves; and how this can be, whilst we owe a considerable debt, and refuse payment of it to (reat Britain, is inconceivable to me. Nothing but the last extremity ran justify it. Whether this ha3 now conic is the question. Your most obedient, humble servant. F.O KG F.

A FI I 1 1TO.V. Castle on: OCT- HER 1S2; VERMONT 1 1 A HE. Agreeably to the constitution, die General Assembly at Mon'pelic-r on Thursday, the 1 llii Robert B. Bate- Eq. was appointed Speaker and T.mothy Merrill Esq.

Clerk pro tem. Afer the appointment of a canvassing committee, and a few resolution of mere form, the House adjoi rued to 1 r. i. Upon nice im, ti election cl the ing gentlemen wa.s announced. His Excellency Ezra BfTtrn, Governor.

His Honor Hr.xnv Ou.n, Ll. Governor. Benjamin Swan Esq. Treasurer. Hon.

Oksamus C. John Bonr.UTs, Ciivincy Lavgio.v, BoKF.r.T PlMM'OINT, S.Mir.i. II Hoi.t.EV, John Tno.vtrsoN, Lyman Fitch, Glamor. Worthincton, Bc.N.lAMI.N F. DCMI.VC, St.MCTI.

C. CitAFTS, David IIopkinso.n Junior, and r.Tii Wetmoke, Cumu illors. Friday, Oet. 12. After referring a ni of petitions, the House elected she Hon.

Robert H. Bates Speaker, Timothy Mi: it him, Esq. Clerk, and Ohamf.l It. Smith E.q. Engross rig Clerk.

A bill to incorporate the Bjnk of Bennington, was read once and referred Jo a select committee of four. Both Houses met in joint committee and elected the Rev. Thomas Good', ill. At three o'clock the Governor and Council appealed in the Ri'pic-cii'athcs' Hall, when His Excellency took ihc of office, and dehtcred the following SPEECH. Gentlemen of the Council, and (lenth riirn of the House of Hcprtsentutites.

Called by the suti'iages of the people, I aain in the duties assigned me- to acknow edge my obligation to the lree- me" tl.eir cnntinucd conlulence but my to Him who has protracted my and continued the prosperity of the state another year. The instances of mor tality constantly thinning the ranks of those accustomed to legislation, cannot fail to remind us all, of the slender tenure by which we hold ofiice and life. It is necessary that the business for which we have assembled, should be prosecuted with decorum, deliberation and despatch, in order to promote the interest of, and give general satisfaction to, the people. On the wisdom, by you to be manifested, in the numerous appointments you have to make, will the reputation, the peace and the morality of the state much depend. Education is of too great importance ever to escape the notice of wise legislators.

Many among the well-informed have tho't our laws deficient as they regard the expenditure of public money raised for the support of common schools that a proper board should be appointed, in each county or town, for the examination of those who are to be employed as instructors; and every town should appoint suitable persons to visit the school. Should it be thought that an act to effect these objects, would render the expenditure of the public money more useful to community, you have the example of some of our sister states for your encouragement in trying the experiment. To the subject of lotteries f.he attention of the legislature was called last session. Permit me to ask your further attention to what was then communicated; for I have seen no just cause for altering the opinion then expressed. The act of that session is, Official Canvass.

The following is the aggregate of votes given for state officers. For Governor. S. H. Ilollev 11610 10725 1317S 7875 13785 12160 14472 S952 493! 7741 673.

2317 3752 6972 E.ra Butler Joel Doolittle 1951 For Lt. Gov. Henry Oh'n 9111 Samuel C. Crafts 266: Israel P. Dana 1S65 For Treasurer.

Benjamin San everv vo.e in the srate but 18. For O. C. Merrill 13S95 John Roberts 10161 J. C.

Thompson L. Fitch G. Wortiiington B. F. Doming S.

C. Craf.s S. Wetmore 1). llopkinson Jr. Samuel Clark Horace Everett John Bridge Daniel Rix Burgess Hall C.

Langdon R. Pierpoint 10782 Dan Carpenter Accident. A Mr. Pollard of Hubbardton, wounded his wife severely, but not dangerously, last Sunday morning. It appears that he had primed his musket, not expecting it to be loaded, to kindle a fire but upon snapping it, the gun was discharged, and some twenty shot entered the woman's leg just below the knee.

This may be a proper occasion to read certain people a lecture upon ihe intolerable carelessness with which fire-arms are too frequently used. To say nothing of the heedlessness at Independence celebrations, which annually hurries a score or more of valuable lives into eternity ornithine all notice of our intemperate muster das, and violations of law and good breeding in the abominable practice of waking vp new made officers, we should suppose the frequency of acciden's by fire-arms would induce the most careful examination of every musket befoie handling. Especially at this season, when guns are almost cons am ly used for huming, no man shovld presume to snap his musket in the vicinity of a house, without a certain knowledge whether it is loaded. For the Statesman. Mr.

Editor, In the Middleburv paper of last week, was published an account of the trial of Mr. Fisher, and some remarks were made likely to mislead. It was said that the jury were censured by some for the verdict which they returned. This is true, but the statement would have been more unequivocal and not less true, if it had been said hat they were censured by only a ftw; by whom, it is Ltrue, they were perhaps not trca'ed with as much politeness as might have been. The intense interest of a crowded house of spectators, was expressed by the almost breathless silence which prevailed when the jury entered with their verdict.

And when the Foreman pronounced Not guilty," an unequivocal expression of approbation was manifested, in which only a very few dark and malig- (nant spirits refused to join. Notwithstanding all the efforts which had been made to procure Mr. Fisher's conviction, eleven of the jury had no hesitation in pronouncing him not guilty; and the other one also, at once concurred in the opiniou, as soon as he had compared tho money produced in court, with that described under oath as having been lost. If seems to have been their opinion that the chances were as ten to one that it should have been taken by a certain other person, (who, we learn, has since absconded,) rather than by Fisher. Mr.

Fisher's fate has excited an uncommon de gree of interest. AVe are not ot the number who would suppose that intellectual worth, or literary and humane accomplishments should screen a man from justice, if guilty. But when the gentiemaa and scholar, who deeply feels the sting of impu ed dishonor, is, while unconscious of guilt, and "far from his native land, thrown into a dungeon at view of which one might well shudder at the ery thought of crime, our sympathies are excited, and our indignation roused. Injustice to Mr. Fisher, the grounds on which he was last apprehended ought to be known.

There is, to the feeling mind, something wounding in the thought of being esteemed guilty even by those we have never seen. When the verdict was pronounced, every thing was prepared to have him again arrested, provided former plans should miscarry. An action as brought against him in the nam of Mr Heath of Boston, for trover committed two years ago, while Fisher was in New-Orleans. The description given of the real culprit, in the papers, makes him a very different man from Mr who is taller by four or five inches, and differs as idely in many other respects. Besides, the perpetrator ia known to have been arrested be- i know the actual condition of the arms, from vrar to vear, without further expense or inconvenience.

In no part of the state can be more secure; or to every part more readily distributed; should the unhappy necessity of using them ever occur. It isjto be feared that most of ihe arms heretofore received fiom the United SiMes will be of little further use to the state, should no additional attention be paid to the subject. But those now to be received are, doubtless, in good order, and may easily be preserved in that condition; and as the number will from time to time be increased, your attention to the subject seems the more necessary. Several resolutions from our sister states have been received, which will in due time be submitted for your consideration. The people of this slate can never remain indifTcrcnt observers of the proceedings of congress, or the course pursued by the executive of the general govern ne And we have too much confidence in i rectitude of our motives, and correctness our views, to conceal them.

So far as the public good may require, they should be made known. Let every state in the union do the same, and it may be of some service to that government on which we all depend for national security, and the protection of our rights. The dereliction of duty in the last congress, so well calculated to impair the confidence of the public in the national legislature, is matter of serious regret. For that body to refuse protection to the industry of a majority of the people, when the necessity had become too obvious to be mistaken, is just cause of complaint; for it is wounding to the laudable pride of our country. Had no other important interest been neglected, the wound would have been less painful, and might have been borne in silence.

However, for the present, we can but cherish the hope, that by the next Con gress all just cause of dissatisfaction will be removed, and the confidence of the people again restored to a Legislature on whose wisdom and integrity, the United States, are in so high a degree, dependent for her prosperity. The preparations making for the next presidential election, seem to have brought to view political doctrines that will when reduced to practice, endanger the stability of our institutions, and tend to their final overthrow. Among others, that, in my opinion, are dangerous, this is not the least. that it is improper and unsafe to give any man a second election as President, however just, wise and prosperous his administration may have been, for the first term. This Pursued by our government for twenty-four years, previous to that auspicious event, has been faithfully observed, by those novy at the head of government.

The American System must and will be supported, or the retrograde march of our country will soon commence. Every exertion made by the legislature, to promote the interest of the state, as connected with that of community at large, will receive my cordial support. EZRA BUTLER. Monipelier, Oct. 12.

1827. A resolve passed ordering 700 copies of the Governor's Speech to be printed..

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1826-1842