Vermont Chronicle from Bellows Falls, Vermont on June 11, 1864 · 4
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Vermont Chronicle from Bellows Falls, Vermont · 4

Bellows Falls, Vermont
Issue Date:
Saturday, June 11, 1864
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6 ATURD AYi JUNE '1 W-1804. 4' SATURDAY, JUKE. 11, .1804. ... , , , We give the following editorial from the St. Albans Messenger a place id our Columns for the purpose of making a few inquiries aud remarks: ' " - !- ''' - .w.i.a,-. ABUT CHAPLAINS. It is a painful task iu write ' or even think about this class of men. When wr consider what they ought to be, and are ; what they should, and what the; do, accomplish, wetura quickly to consider other aud less paiuful themes. . - " . r '-. But it is not wise to bar discussion on ' such a. matter, however unpleasant. It is a fact that there are often in the service -whole hri-gadti 1 , in which there is not a cliaplain and -worse, that where there are, thej . are -often much worse than none. '-'. r,t Not only havemen of nofrtrioiisly-ihDuioral lives been commissioned as chaplains, -but of those who have.previously been in good stand. ing,' many have fallen very low. It-is nd Bncomroon thing to see a chaplain drink and play cards with the men, or utterly ignore the (sabbath. 2 A prominent divine, in oncespeak-ing of them to us in Washington said i r " It makes me sick at heart to think bow little good our chaplains have done ; and yet, when I consider wiiat class of men they often are, I cannot wonder. Why, a man came to me yesterday, and asked me to lend him, ior a few days, some works on theology. 1 asked bim what works he wanted, and who he was? He said he was not particular about the works anything doctrinal, and that he wus a chaplain. Of what denomination? I asked. 'I don't know.' How is this? He replied coolly, " I will tell you. When the war broke out, I waf agent far a house in New York, travelling between there and London. ' The war destroyed our business, and one day I went to the governor, whom I know, and said, ' The business that supported me, the war has destroyed, you must now support me somehow.' He thought a moment, and then said, Well, if I must give you something, I guess it had best be a' chaplaincy.' And so I took it, and came on, and here I am. You Bee I'm in a strange business, and I thought it would be well to look matters over for a lew days before going to my regiment." The number of not only incompetent, but immoral men, who stand as chaplains in our armies is enough to almost discourage anv one. The evil appeared so great, that the present congress appealed to the clergymen of the city to suggest some measure that would remedy it. They suggested, among other things, that the chaplains have a rank assigned them, and that they be uniformed, to that thry may command tespect. There is much that is painfully Bug-gestive in this. How will it read in history ? In the third year of the war, the chnpluius being found unable, either by the dignity of their lives or conversation, to command the respect of the soldiers, Congress waB obliged to give them badges of military rank, that these, at leant, might command respect and honor." Is there not something in the sound of these . words that makes us shudder? Your brothers and sons, who have been brought up, perhaps, religiously must go forth, and for weeks and "months hear no Gospel Bound, and stand even in the presence of death, with no pnstor t J comfort, or direct their thoughts heavenward ; must perhaps die, with no praying man beside them or be buried with no service over their graves. ' Think, if every regiment in our service had an earnest good roan as chaplain, what a mighty work thry might have done during these last bloody days. How much pain they might hnve alleviated how many precious lives they might have saved how many souls they might have directed through the dark valley ; and yet we near : M There were but few chaplains here, and those here did, as a clasn, very little." We speak of the class, but admit that there are exceptions ; gome earnest, good men who are doing a noble work, and we would give them praise. We know and admire them. Hut still, is it not a fearful thing to think of a ingle regiment without a godly chaplain a thousand men standing in the continued pros-' ence of death, with no Sabltaths, or prayers, or religious instruction ; ,ai4 there not a great responsibility on some one? ' ' ' 1 It is a weak apology for the chaplains that the officers discountenance them. There is not a single commander in our service that drt place 0 iwiiU pbstaete, in the wry of the ch(ilain. His punishment would be speedy and severe. 1 Where are these brigades? It lias been supposed that the troops in the west met more deficiencies in chaplains than any other, but Rev. Mr. Thompson, of New York City, and his three associates, Dr. Buddington of Brooklyn, being one of them, were refused a u through tho army liuca on the ground stated by Gen. Sherman, that " every regiment has' its chaplain." He does not my that the destitution spoken by the Messenger does not exist, but if it does, it seems to be desirable that its locality should be made known that the evil may be corrected. ' ' ' ' ' . , 2 is this true of the chaplains connected with the Vermont troops ? I f not, bow are the " brothers and sons " of the Messenger readers exposed to tlte influence of such chaplains? ,,, TImi Methodists, we believe,' are reported to bare more chaplain in the army than any other denomination, do these statements apply to tlieir ministers. , They eertaiuly do not ap. ' ply to Congregational ministers, for we, have . M Mcbministcrs, nor have we any reiuwn to believe that they are true, of the groat number "of chaplain from any Evangelical denomination. Ob this point the following resolution, adopted by tlie Oneral Assembly of the Presbyterian Church at Dal ton, Ohio, is in point. It is aa 'Muwe v v. v. ": ' JiWrerf, That this Assembly highly epprc-i dates list faithful and self-denying lubura oi ita minister and those of oilier Christian denom-'Inatiotiain our national ai my, that It In eonfldotioe in tlie value of tlie U. imetital Chan- ' f ainey, and in the motives and oddity of the : great majority oi tue cnapiaina. , aou me as sobiUv exhort all in ia ouurelH to give tlwee brethren in the field a place in their sympathies an J their prayers. A correspondent ft ouMjwn who has visited the army of the Potomac, aaya : I have learn ,d to sympathies with the chaplains and to -: r?ij deeply their work. " ' 1 " Thorn are certainly representation widely diflereflt from tbotei of tie' MeescngO. That jtoaVsjne ehaplalne "as a cmaa," whereat, the "iOrOcral Asstmbly eomiasnd tie fidUity or Aha ' rat naionty.,, ' To kwoU tho oaso of M armt", termed a ' chaplains at the breaking out of the war, as a setiuitn of our chaplains h as unjust now, as it would be to tuke some ignorant, swearing, fust officer found among those commissioned at the breaking out of the war, and hold bim up as a sperituan of the tried, brave men, commanding in Grant's army. , . Tlie idea that a regimental commander dares not place a single obstacle in the way of a chaplain is contradicted by tlie testimony of every chaplain whom we have met and is manifestly abeurdl '"" " ' If, however, the Messenger ean make good it's" accusations against chaplains as ' a class'," it should produce the evidence. Otherwise it should retract its slanders. As they stand they apply to the Vermont chaplaius aa fully as to those of any State! Doubtless there are card-playing, drinking chaplains in the army, but they are the exception, not the rule. Ab the pmctice now i8, a man in order to be a chaplain must belong to some denomination of professed Christians, must be an ordained minister, and muBt be recommended by five of his brethren in the ministry as a suitable man for the place. Arc these the " other things," which the' Messenger says the ministers of Washington recommended and which it does not name ? HOSPITAL OF WASHINGTON. Rendezvous of Distribution, ) Arlington Hkigiits, June lot, 1&J4 HU4. J Mr. Editor. It was a fortunate event for the thousands of our wounded men, when Gen. GraDt's change of bane compelled the abandonment of Fredericksburg. It is not likely that tho mistake will again be made of Collecting so large a number of wounded in extemporized hospitals, near the battle field. The sooner they can be placed in the well supplied and admirably managed hospitals at Washington, the better. Ab a consequence of this change, the 200 delegates of the Christian Commission who had labored day and night nt Fredericksburg and Belle Wain, for the relief of the sufferers, were transferred (with the exception of a few who went to Port Royal and thence to the White House,) to service in the hospitals, and at other posts, about Washington. Five of them are stationed at this camp, which, formerly known as Camp Convalescent, and now ! as Camp Distributing i the great reservoir, through which all new recruits (except cavalry), men who have been absent upon furlough, detached duty, or in the hospital, arc distributed to their proper positions in the army. The camp is bcaut'fully situated in a pine grove, about five miles from Washington, towards Manassas. Besides very ample barracks and hospital buildings, there is located here an extensive Ordnance Department, for the equip ment of new recruits. There is also a " Deserters' Camp," the lines of which are strictly guarded. No less than three men have been shot, within as many weeks, while attempting to escape. Around us on every hand Btretch the " defences of Washington." From a point near by can be seen the flags of twelve forts, which form so many links in the great chsin, MeClellan drew around the capitol. There are 51 forts in all, filling a circuit of about as many miles. The troops who have liecn doing garrison duty in these forts have mostly been sent to the front to swell Grant's reinforcements, their places being taken by " hundred day men." The country around this camp, once the " border ground" between the two great armies hns been literally " swept with the besom of destruction." Its forests have gone to feed the camp fires of three winters. The fences bavo shared the same fate. Wild grass grows in the once plowed fields. Orchards hnve been de stroyed. Houses once inhabited by F. F. V. e. are occupied by our officers, or furnish a home for a dozen 'families of contrabands. Here and there a planter e t ill resides on his estate as old. The Fraser family living near our camp, have remained upon their old homestead, since the outbreak of the war. This planter isva specimen of numbers of men, who are shielded by the President's amnesty proclamation. One of our delegates met him in one of his fields, a short time since, lie cointdaincd because the Govornment did not lurnish a guard for bis j remises. " Areyou loyal?" bluntly asked the delegate, who has been two years in tho line and wasted no sympathy upon rcM sufferers. I have taken tho oath," was the reply ' Do you htlice the oath?'' pursued his questioner. 1 believe it sufficiently to secure toy property," was the evasive answer, " Then," said tho delegate, " if I was the Government, I would ecu J you within the rebel lines and confiscate your property, without moment's delay," The F. K. V. changed the subject. About a couplo oi mile from tlie Fraser place, is Arlington House, the well known rtnidenee ol Gen. KoWt lire.' I paid it a visit a few days since. i lis situation is a rare one; on tlte eastern elope of Arlington Height, and oiminanding a fine view of W aldington and tlie rotimac. Tlte house la new decupled by Gen DcKussyaa his headquarters, and the stars and tripi float over the wily rebel chieftain. The hall t adorned by several pairs of au tiers and on it walla bang a number ol painting? yino of tliein painted by Mr. Curtis, tlie former owner, father-in-law of Gen. Ijet and grandson of Martha Washington. In the " quarter" near by we loumla aumUr of the negroes, who foimerly belonged to the Custi property and who were made free at Mr. Cue t is death. Un tie Kphraim, an aged one among them was bora on the place, lie told us that the estate I irludcd 1 100 acre, only small part of which had vrt I win under cultivation. "Mwa Custw got bi living from hi oder places," said bo in 1 explanation, So Maw Coeti set hi people rrre,"rjaidl, "c sir," said old Fpbraim. ' but den yoa seed dat bi people Beber koowed any ting bout slavery, dry ail M Well off." " Then Uncle Ephraim," rejoined I, ' you dont care much about being free," " D-mt know about dat," answered the aged freeduian, " I'd rather Iw free if I had to beg my bread, dan be de slave ob de best massa dat ever was." Mrs. Lee, he told us, bad accompanied her husliand through must of bis campaigns, dividing her time between Richmond and the camp. Miss lit, the General's daughter, is upon Hill Carter's plantation, opposite Bermuda Hundred a little enclosure not far from the house, contains the graves of Mr. and Mrs. Cost is, a slender marble shaft bears the inscription : Gkorok Washington Darke Ccstis, Burn April 30, 1781, Died Oct. 10, 1857. And on the opposite fide, " Blessed are the merciful, for they Bhall obtain mercy." A Binallcr stone commemorates his wife, Mary L., born in I'HS, died in 1853. A hull' mile from Arlington House is the new Cemetery for soldiers who die in the Hospitals at Washington. From twenty to thirty are buried daily. The graves are very close to euch other, and the sextons economize their labor hy filling one grave, as they dig another. A pine board contains in pencil mark, the name and Regiment of the buried soldier, to be replaced, we are told, by a more permanent head board. On one, I read, Unknown, brown hair, blue eyes, light complexion, height, five feet eleven." Oh what would not some mother have given for one glance of those blue eyes, or a lock of that brown hair ! Two or three graves, 1 saw marked " an unknown reliel," my spirit murmured a little, that rebels, even when dead, should find burial side by side with our brave boys. It was a great change to come from caring for the wounded at Belle Plain aud Acquia Creek, to this field. The we'll are going toward the f'i'out instead of coming from it and tlie work of the Commission lies in distributing reading matter among them, and in preaching the word. Tlie uien are continually arriving and departing and the numlicr in the bur ricks varies Irutn 3U00 to 1U,0U0 men. BeBidcs these there are the deserters and tlie veterans reserve corps, doing guard only, aud the adjacent forts and camps, whose troops, unless supplied with chaplains, fall under our religious care. On the last Sabbath we held ten different preaching services, the Commission has at this point, a spacious chapel, capable of Btatiug 800 or UOO soldiers, a prayer-uieeting is held every morning and preaching every evening. Ten stations have enjoyed more signal tokens of the spirit's presence, than now seen t this camp during the past winter. The continual change of troops, consequent upon the present activity in the front, has detracted from the interest of late, yet I seldom see in Vermont, larger or more attentive audinanoes, than gather in this chapel. In a season of prayer, which followed the serinon last evening seven uttered their determination to commence at once the Christian life. Beside the preaching of the gospel, a Temperance Union meets weekly in anti tobacco society and a lyceuw. The Temperance Union lias a roll of members sixty-nine feet long. The circulation of reading matter is another very interesting part of the work. All the recruits not heretofore supplied, are then supplied with Testaments and many thousand of tracts and newspapers are distributed every week. The eagerness of the men ior reading, though often mentioned cannot be appreciated, by the people at home. Yesterday, for instance, I filled my haversack with papers, tracts &c, and started for the barracks. Under the pine trees near our chapel were numbers of men, playing cards upon the ground. I juussed in and out among them, offering them papers and remargins to some oi tnein, that " nerc was better amusement than card pluying," " Yes sir," said one, " we dont care for the cards, only tee diu( do something, when we are off duty," " You may finish the game, boys," said another, " I'd rather read." Returning presently, I found no less than nine different packs of cards strewn upon the ground. Tho papers had supplanted them. Entering one of the Harriets in Fort Rey nolds to-day, I came suddenly upon two men plnyingcuchre. "There you're caught," whiB-tered one oi them to his comrad, who was shuffling" the pack, ' that's a chaplain," Will you have a paper?" said I, "How much are they?" laid be, who held the carls, "well, 111 trade with you," I replied, give me the cards and I'll give you the paper," "Done," said be, and giving him a Congragntioiilist, I became for the first'tiuie the owner of a pack of gainining-card. And how many a mother will thank the Christian Commission for giving her boy something else to do, when off duty, than playing cards. You've brought me just the paper I wnnted" said a tunn, a he received a Copy of the paper he wus wont to read at home." " Just what we were wailing for," mid a rollicking fellow in another harrick, arounJ whom a largo and noify group u gathered. In three minutes the mva were atretulied upon their beds, read ing. In no instance have I met an unkind word, not only the soldiers, but many of the cfSoirs appreciate the work, we arc doing. ' Well chaplain," paid the officer of the day, in a Wis consin regiment to which 1 preached last Sabbath," we are grateful to you, for coming over here Id the but un, to preach to us. - I am not religious, but my wife is, in fact I would not bav any wife but a religious one." : But Captain," said I, " did it never occur to you that possibly your wife might prefer a religious huUnd?" " Chaplain, I dont know lut you are right"' Mid he, and tlie warn pressure oi bi band a I said " good bye" told mc that hi beart was stirred for tl moment at least. Terrible as lb wickedoca of tb army is, I believe there) never wa t great army on which Ruligiuo bad much hold, a oa tl.i araiy of frwoo. J. W. " , IS SLAVERY DEAD! Nelson, Odell, Pruyn, Radford, Steele. Ward, resolutions, and shall this Convention tail T , f Wood, Wiumld. orK. Y.; Steele ol N. J-i place itoelt tully and fairly up m tl,B t. t0 The following remarks from the Missouri Ancona, Coflrotl,, Dawson, Deniso... Johiwou, with regard to ine uuiowiiig t McAlister, Utiles, of I'a.; Bliss, Cox. liuck, Mr. r.H Brunot said, it seemed to him Democrat are deserving special consideration.. Jo,l(ljo1) j,, tUrrit, Noble, IV dletou, C. the oppoeition came from certain person, k We rejoice in the belief that slavery is dying, . u-hit'e. J."w. White, of Ohio ; J C Allen, were in a dilemma as to how to luamuw th; hut as Bumro said of Giant Dispair, it has as i: ...A .1,. ur n many liven no a uvi, aim " crow without up root and branch, tcast wiinout u-arin ,v uV , there arc powerful influences in the land which Wouia comoiue io asoeii. us oi Misaouri. ,-;,,.; keep the blacks in a condition little if anv bet-, Every one of those were elected as democrats ter than that of slavery. Nothing short'of an in distinction from Union men. Their old pro. " . . 3 ... , ,:,: slavery affiliations overpowered every other con-amendment of the constitution prohibiting - ' to , d tl)e slavery, wtncli we tear may not ue auaineu, or orivinir the blacks eaual risrhts as citizens can h..n, ir, r.,P lra,. nmoi.nt of on- ., , ' . . , ... must not touch slavery because it is unconsti- prcssion even with slavery abolished it will take tQ . ,() , wien Ule a generation to eradicate the spirit of oppres- tioll jg t tttl.r tle Constitution, nt once they sion which slavery has engendered in the na- say : " Yon' must not amend the Constitution jj()t) . so that slavery can he touched." So they show that it was not so much reverence lor constitu-A standing argument with a large class of tionij rights, us regJird for slavery and the pow-the opposers of emancipation those who were er jtgaTe yl, influenced them. unwilling exactly to admit themselves, in favor ot slavery before the war, that all agitation 1 EMANCIPATION IN 10U1SIANA. of the subject was useless and wrong, as slavery would some time or another die from natural Tho constitution Convention of Louisiana on causes. Often have we heard political leaders tie 9n ut-) amended the State constitution, in Missouri urge this view of the case, not in , i -i . i c . .. :.i V , . . i ,, aliolishine and rirolnliitini; slavery foiever.w ith- opposition to slavery, but to those who would & 1 i remove it. When rebellion brokecut, however . out compensation, aud giving freeduian the in the interest of slavery, Wiight and pretty right of sufferage. much all of those men went off and joined the i 'fhe vote for 'emancipation was 72 to 15, and reneis, snowing wnere ineir neans imu oeen an the time. We have a class of opposers to emancipation among us now not that they are in lavor ot slavery according to their own declarations, for they reaily proless to fie in sympathy with emancipation, but they are opposed to agitation with a view to its accomplishment. They hold that emancipation movements are useless, be, cause, say they, slavery is dead killeu hy the war Tlieir idea seems to be that it has already i received such a fatal blow that its recovery is iinrniShilile nut that the. institution is alreadv i defunct. We may perhai lie unduly suspicious, but we cannot help indulging the impression that all such parties entertain the thought of slav-ry's demise with regret, and that if they could our healing balm into its bleeding wounds, tiiey would cheerfully do so. If not, why are they so loth to see the finishing blow administered to an acknowledged evil, and so tender in their solicitude for its expiring breath It emancipation is a good thin;;, it would be reasonable to suppose that like every other t big of advantage, it would lie worth laboring for with a view to hastening its coming, instead of putting off its arrival like that of an evil day. Were its attainments very anxiously Bought, a little agitation would prove no formidable olutaclc in the way by which it is to be reached. We do not deny that slavery is dying that at no very distant day it will be dead We have a strong and abiding hope that such will rove to be the case. But whether it will or not depends wholly upou whether Radicalism or Conservatism prevails whether its friends or its enemies secure the power. If those gen tlemen who talk so glibly about slavery being dead are really in earnest, they have a very easy mode offered them of demonstrating their sincerity by giving their influence to the empow ering of Radical men who will put its carcass out ot sight. It is lolly tor any man to talk aliout slavery being dead, who persists in yot ing for its Iriends. M ivery in point of fact is not dead, nor is it necessarily in a dying condition, r.ven in .Mis souri, where the most lanonotis cnortR Lave been mailt- for its overthrow, and where tin parties we allude to would probably be likely hrst to jKiint in proor ot their argument, we have the eviienee that within the last few weeks, a master chastised a woman almost to the extinction of lite, tieeause she was his slave and had attempted to do what every free woman has a pertcct right to do follow her hus band to a land of freedom. By the law of Missouri the woman, and not her master, was the criminal. Slavery has been somewhat weakened by tlie war, but it is a great deal stro.iger yet than it was at one period ol our history. V hat is there to prevent, provided the seed of theinstit ution is left, to cause it to grow and strengthen as it did before ? Man remains the same, both black and white the same soil is beneath bis feet and the same sky shines above his head . The same inducement will continue on the part of the white man to reap tlie profits of uniaid lalior from the bones and muscles ot the negro, as before the war. Lotton, rice, sugar and to bacco will invite slave labor with more than their former enticements. Nothing will pre vent the rapid redevelopment ot slavery ution the restoration of peace and the Union, utiloss the total abolition of slavery, either before the war is closed or after it. It must in cither case lie a radical extinction a tearing up by the roots out in either ease the remedy is radical ism. Now to radicalism those parties who talk ahout slavery being dead, and who oppose agit 8tion,nre opposed. They are conservative are toey not pro-slavery I PRO-SLAVERY VOTE ON THE CONST! TUTIONAL AMENDMENT. The following from the Burlington Free Press, relative to a matter to which the atten tion of the country should lie earnestly called As it has been and is true, that so long as slave ry exists, wc can have no peace as a nation, so it is true that until the Constitution is amend ed alavery will not lie thnrovighlj rooted up. In this view of the matter no measure before Congiess and the nation is of greater moment " A bill for proposing an amendment to the United States Constitution, ao as to put an m t ) slavery, was passed hy tho requisite vote "of tho Senate some timo ago. If panned by a two thirds vote of tlie House also, and ratified by the Legislature ol three-fourths of the Slates, it would become part of the Constitution. The amendment proposed was as follows : Neither slavery nor involuntary wrvitudo, eiflrpt in the punishment of crime, oi which the l-arty shall In duly convicted, shall rtist in the United Stales, or in any place within their juriedictiun ; and Congress shall have power ty appropriate legislation, to carry the loregoing article Into effect. ' : " On the 31st of May, the lull came up fi,r action in tho House, and Mr. Ilolnmn. Mem of Indiana, objected to tlie 'id reading ol the bill ; and ao under the rule tlie question wax : Shall tlie hill be rented t The motion was l t, yeu S5, noee 70, Of course the bill is ubicet Id furtlier action t hat ih. i- W h, . twolthird. voieat'pri't loowratner uniavoraiil. But who were t ...1 r i.. . .. . 65 who voted Tor itt rejoctioof Here are tliir M(JM: ' ; . i ,iini.,, ,,, Sweat of Maine i Marry of N. IWks. VUWUKTf UHM , lleriek, KalllMacli, Kn.a,1 triM and teoiiiMntt M tbost coou Kden. Edirerton. Knarp, Morrison, Ross, of , Tllinnis r ('ravens. Harrington, Holman, Ijiw, I - ' , . ,. , - McDowell ; WIkm, , of Indiana; Mr,.wn, El. drid VV heeler, of Wisconsin; (under, Mai- , RaMf Wadswortb, of Ky.; Hull, King i Constitution so that slavery could have no long- . era foot-hold to stand on." How often have we ; heard the cry from men of that stamp : You ' on subsequent days 4 who Voted in the negative asked permission to change their votes, so that the final vote stood 70 to 11. The excitement in the body while the vuting were going on was intense, some of members giving in brief the reason of their Votes. Mr.5 Abell wished to explain bis vote, but as he was braneliinj; off into a speech he was cal- lefto. oru.-r ly tho president, who said his re- marks were insulting to the House, and lie then Voted No!" in a very loud and energetic voice. Mr. Cambell voted No ! no ! no ! in a thun dering tone ol voice, adding : " In the name of the wronged people of LouLiuna, I vote no !"' Mr. Edwards said : " In the name of the people of Louisiana and freedom, I say yes 1" iMr. lhoiuas 1 have long tieeu in lavor ol mineaiate emancipation. When this conven tual was Culbrd I went before my constituents id told thciu my sentiments, liiev elected me by a large majority, and that I may neither lolate my own c niseieine or the pledge 1 made to my constituents, unlike some others in this b idy, 1 vote yes ! Mr. Wells -ror the good of the white ss well as the black races, and for the honor of the Hag, 1 vote e ! Mr. Montaiuat explained that he bad oppos- d it on the ground? of coin pciisa lion not being gianted, but would V ite e. Mr. Cuuiliat ot Kapides roue and said : .Mr. President, we have witnessed in this very hall, and uion this very I'oor, tie dying struggles and the agonizing c ay.. loons ot shivery; but, thank God ! the saired eam-e ol eternal truth and justice and l.umnii.ficcluui has' prevailed. Louisiana stands now lorever Iree and redeemed 'V the voiec of her pei p'e by the voice of her riohle and worthy sons, such as young Wells of Kapides, lalmlerroot l.utahrula and hdwarrts of Avoyelles. Immortal trio ! Heaven bless them ! Mr. I'resideiit, my views in regard to the provisos and adiiieiidiueiits offered by the piHWition have been duly and lull v expressed by my friend, Mr. Fosdiek of New Orleans. I stand, Mr. President and mciii!ers of this convention, upon the plit'orm or immediate snd unconditional abolition of slavery. And now, in periorinnncc of my duty to my God, to my country and to my fellow-men, 1 cast and record my vote" yes !" Alter ibe vote was announced three cheers were given lor " the lire state of Louisiana, and slaves of artillery and the generul show of nags throughout the city demonstrated the satisfaction of the Union men. When will menilpcrs of Congress take similar ground I THE PENNSYLVANIA EPISCOPAL CONVENTION. The Episcopal Convention of Pennsylvania at its lute meeting after an earnest and pro tracted debate, adopted the following Preamble and Resolution with but a single dissenting voice : HViercaf, There exists in this country an or- gnnized and armed relivlliou, whose purpose is the destruction or our National Union, and the perpetuation of Negro Slavery. And whtrtut. Hue rchcllion has more and more assumed a character of barbarous fmiati-cisui and murderous ferocity, on the part of the enemies of the nation. There-lore, in view of the causes and character of this struggle. Ktvoiceil, Hint wc lierehy declare our imhil-tering allegiance to the. Government ol the United States, and thafwc plnlge it our willing devotion and service ; and that, as a body of Christians, we will ever ' pray that in God's own time and way this rtdiellion may be put down, that oppro-Biun and slavery, in nil its forms, may lie done away ; that freedom of body and mind, political and religious, may everywhere prevail ; that the emancipated lie-groes, whom G.hI in his providence is commit, ting to our care, may he the object of our liberal and patriotic rcjrard and instrtu tion ; that war may soon cease throughout ail our I'Orders, and that our now huvrotcd country uiay nguin be so united, that from the hikes on tho North to the gulf on the S ,uth, and from thu Atlantic to the Pacific, there slmll lie hut one I'niun. one Government, one Flng, one Constitution -the vchnle culminating in that higher glory which slmll make the nation KiimiiucI'h land, a mountain of holiness, and a lit dwelling place for the righteous." , The delaite was mainly ujwn reejlutions ol which thoee adopted arc a softened modified out. line, i The Juity were, in general, io advance of tlie clergy, in iheir rradimin to vote and their remark against alRvery, in aorne imtane, were qoite frefjuent. ' Hon, T. J. Bingham said that this waa not a new quotion. Four years before the orgnnhta-tion of tho Episcopal Church in Pennsylvania, 11 Legislature of tin- State hd spoken iironiter on the subject or alavvry thsn tho rvsolution, under discussion. A'o man who daily reads his prayers can hesitate as to Ins duty. The Church may stand still liitl.. l,llmi.- surging of popular opinion Wheat against her, r" -n" "'"m.-o. it,t r.diitiot, had hw-n Introduced, and could not bow U dodged. might I that those who them wish. e.. I Li ' ? wno opposMl GeTI 1 the (Il.n kin. n T. ,Z T.i , P' I t"0 tins .'I ytlio, in tlieoiiiiiinn uT llit... r ruipAtue man even tlie clcr Jeailerof thoSouUiero rehelf. rical .t. Paul, eight. same do. tbost (uQUiued it) Um m their own congregation. , e. . ,. . . 1 he oppmt.on came from the rector 0f. church, which alone had engraiM nr.,"' constitution a clause inimical to Kranti tain privileges to colored men. VERMONT CASUALTIES. The following deaths at hosniil : u- . ington are reported. George W. i'urku 2d Vt J.rauk Cudworth, 4th Yt, At Aleltujjr John L. L'atterson, tlui t. ' i -i I...J r ci i . --luioiig bue wouuueu 01 oueriaan s occurs ttie name of Joseph Deuiaris, 1st yV cavalry, wounded on Monday May oOth. The following is an additional lint 0f8: , and wounded furnished to Gov. Smith by Cum. missoner Holbrook : 2d DIVISION, ALKXA!t)RI,.lHT Oi) John J. Crosby, I, 2d Vt., gunshot, fracture left ulna; Johnson, W. Mill, A, 2d din, pud shot wound head and shoulder ; Elijah KimnD A, 4th, do do right lout ; Sergt. AugutUfi ' Lox, A) out, trunsterred ; torp. 1!. jj. (.'lark A, 0th, do; A brain liisset, F, 17th, do; Hint,, Young, B, 10th chronic diarrheca; NuruiHti Keid, II,; Sergt. John D. William,' L, 11th, do; Edgar Wheeler, K, 11th, 4! Hansom K. Hawthorn, U, 11th, disaUilliy-Uobei t II. Stewart, L, lltb, clirouicdiarri.' Geo. Hawkins, M, 11th, gunshot fracture. MOl'MT TLfcASANT, MAY 30. Richard A. Coleman, 1st cavalry, E ; J. L. Kemp, K, od ; A. U. Wilson, D, 3d; M. B. Smith, 1), 3d ; Luther Carpenter, U, 4 t!i, dieU 29th; Sergt. A. FI. Rogers, H, 4th; Ejward K. Styles, C, 10th ; Z. C. Bowen, 11, lij:h ; Benjamin U. Header, E, 11th ; F. 0. H Hlsrd' M, 1 1th ; Airgcon Thus. Antisell, Lieut. Carlos A. Barrows, 11, 1st cavalry. COLUMBIAN COLLtGfc, MAY 30. Henry prague.M United Stale sliiirho(it. j-rs. 11; John iMunsiu, I,, ti, do; liaiiuac Whitton, E, lilth; lloswell Burnhaui, L, 11m. Daniel E Mutlitt, do do. CAUCUS!. L MAT 20. Ivlwin B. Lcavitt, M, 1st cav.; Kluin M Biw man, L, do ; John Greciiougii, (i, il ; Ivlwin Severanc e, I, 5th ; Charles 11. .Nt:u-jn. 10th ; John Jorden, do, do ; Ir.i X. H'n-inr, M. 11th ; Corp. Edw. N. Sherman, I', 11th; Btuj. Hill. II. 1 1th ; J. D. Brnnj.Mn. M, lltii; Harding (i. Moore, I), Kirhard I', F, d i ; C. H. licssett, E, do ; Cyrut X.tirwlj, 11, '2d l:. S. sharishooters. . ARUOKY SlitARK, MAY '0. Surgeon J. B. Hatch, C, 1st cay. 1st DIVISION ALEXANDRIA, MAY 20. Daniel D. Hcinenwny, I, 2d ; Corp. A!V A. May, do, do; Bernard Mcfntvre, F, 1 If. E. ('ull, In, i ; Charles Hooie, (i, (ith ; H ace May, I), 11; John Kudd, L, do; Umj.c Dorioiii,; Felix McGotuick, E, 2i L' S. shooters. LINCOLN, may 30. Corp. Hernando Bancroft, F, 1st cav.; J Liv ing-t-in. I, do, do; Geo. 1'. Broom, II, o, J. Ciidilcy, f, 11. MILKY, MAY SO. Christopher Snell, 4th, fnrloughed; iiiuith, F, 11th ; Sergt. Carlos Baiglx-e, C, i,"ti. 1'IM.LY, MAY 30. Arthur Townsend, C, 17th; John Uw, E, 2d U. S. slmqishooteis. VERMONT SOLDIERS IN HOSPITAL AI NEW ORLEANS. Tlie following Verniont4ra are rep'trte- a b. ing in the Hospital at New Orleans May lwh .In the Marine flfpital J. B. StiffoH. I! . Charles C. Beadle, A ; Charh C. Sorw. bat.; U-wis Douse, bat.; G. W. Sm-liitii;. H JvhJI f. Lvuutn, G : -Nelson Cheney, k ; f . A Fairbanks, B; E. 11. Willis, H ; J J. low send, I ; 11. Berry, B ; S Seuicles, C, T 1 1. , A lirui-e, twit.; II. U. rhillijis, 1 ; tj. t loy.u. A. i ales, ti ; K. ti. I olhurn, I ; I' A llungerford, K ; G. Pnpe, K ; ; L. W. prP. i) ; 11. II. Miner, I) ; J. S. Young, r ; 11. Alden. K; 1). Murphy, I); K. H. Jluon. B. L. Woodson. K : B. P. Howard, K ; W- iiurridon, l ; G. 1). Marsdon. C ; V . S. OiaJ- deu, B ; II. II. Cole. G ; V. Prince, A ; J 1 Fay, I) ; II. A. Wells, C ; J A. Mcn-Ur.t, P ; II. F-aton, C; William Fadden, B ; P f-K b- ert. K ; A. C. Koherts, K : H. V. Urr-. a ; A. V. Conant, A; Jauu-a Kubinsen. F. ; fc-Gould. G ; L. 1). Miller, G ; L. II Brown, U, S. S. hlxtut, A ; J. Barling, G ; J. lie.rgf.l-G. V.. Parker, F ; A C. Fuller, I) , I. If moot, G ; J. J. Chase, K ; O. II. Lnd.1, 1. A-Casey, U. In'theSt. Liu is Hospiul-II. Phain. let.; O. Sprague, hnt.j Pat. Caddy, tt : A S-Sulding, O, 7th ; C. E. Duslion, , 7th. FOBT PICKEB1NO. Fort Pickering, at Memphis is garrianel with negro troops cxcl'jsivtdy, nnd I nni'' help expressing my opinion on thi qucsijo1. as it is one on winch 1 haye heard a inX of discussion, both in Canada and the N',t,.hr" Stales. Any ore, however,- who h t,,her doubted the propriety of employing neno s.ddiers, or their aiwcity as such, ''J bin opinion fixed very readily by a short rtJ j Fort Pickering. The negro pom nutor' the very first requisite lor a go al toj llW-dienec. This l the only trLe d" pline ; nnd is a ioldier'a first duty. Hep imk nU) abiindsiit pUai.l qua! B ati1 his erect torm and well deveh pel Irsmrt'' By I ia verof imiWitn he shows l 'f tn.h. t,. I.rn an.l hi. I.lliv to Rer.'orlB -4 he is laUKhi. More tlfcvu this, be - i true spirit of a soldit f. Ttmt ,'',"l'"nt).', courage thtit -ense that he is in ' J and that purioee and anxiety tt (f'PI'lf,!,, and crush lheencmiceof lreeloni and U -j agaii at whom be b now piiud. Ihit T' ' aaw maiiilmttd in a very lorciblo nianiK other day. ,, i v Itri lrnwu up in line stood some w-lTe',u,r of tk. ao swarthy m. n. The frowning I rf'1 tions, trowmj with the gtfui canw ,( overlook the ramparta. formi-d an "rr1? iMck-groond i while In front atood a of fourteen aoldicrs, itw aota rr"'" ea.ancd to U-ll the bloody story ol ' jLr hi liwir miilst was a woman, the wile v llooth. In thrilling tone she rcw'intca borrow of that fearful boWhcry, and enc vciigMnrc on tlie mordcrera of per and hia gallant hand. A by W i?rur, t18, lim of men fell on their knees, an w to heaven, .wore by their in-nn tne.tiiooa w, ww ; l of, their W"fTr ,. woman cried I J" ' tike lint doing f ,i,Torofa.rviiuJ'i Wblell through this Doc tli is stem li oldierv? Dflea this aavor or -Zr luortthT No ! It la the voice or a'-"- nle j voice lof right, teaintalo to ricbw of T "

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