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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XI,VI—NO. 115 BlytheviU* Daily New - BiythevilU Courier Mississippi Valley Leader Ely thev tile Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NORTHEA «T ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BIATHKVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY. AUGUST 3, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES War Briefs »y THE ASSOCIATED PKtSS Raids Mode TAIPEI, Formosa—For the second successive day Chinese Nationalist war planes took off today for unannounced destinations. Presumably they are raiding Chinese Communist concentrations on the mainland which threaten to Invade Qucmoy, Ne/iru Speaks on Korea NEW DELHI, India—Prime Minister Nehru declared today that the » r ar in Korea should be contained ant! no other question .should be tied up with the Korean issue. In a statement to parliament opening debate on the Korean issue—which is aUo now before the United Nations—Nehru reiterated that Communist China should be admitted to the U. N. Reds Claim Casualties TOKYO — The North Korean Communist radio at Pyongyang claimed today that Red farces killed 1,500 "enemy troops" and took 1,200 prisoners when they moved into Andong on the northern front Tuesday. American field dispatches previously reported U. S. and South Korean troops withdrew from An- a^ong in orderly fashion to new ; positions. French Token Battalion PARIS — French government leaders are debating sending a "token battalion" of troops to fight under the United Nations flag in Korea, a spokesman said today. French sources said the mnin obstacle to dispatching Frenchmen to Korea is France's "own dire need of military strength in Asia." France has been righting guerrilla war for I we years against Communist-ted troops in Indochina. Find has some 140,000 troops stationed there. B-29s Strike Again TOKYO — B-29 bombers made their third major strike in five days .•gainst North Korean chemical and 1 munitions manufacturing plants today, the par East Air Force rcport- l$. " Today's target was the Bdgun Chemical plant at. Hungnam, on the east coast 118 __iniles above 'iifche 38th Parallel 1 Tr^.p.: of bomb.'? wer o'n the factory. SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Yank Unit Pierces Red Lines As Enemy Readies for Big Push House Okays More (o Tie Wage-Price Controls to • Cost of Living Index WASHINGTON, Aug. 3. M>) — The House voted tentatively today to put wage and price controls into effect automatically whenever the Labor Department's cost of living index advances five percent above what it was on June 15. Administration forces iVfei-ecl only token opposition as I h e House adopted by voice vote htc cost-of-living amendment offered by Rep. McKlnnon <»-Calif). ft could reverse It.s stand later when the economic control bill comes up for roll-call votes. The McKlnnon amendment is similar lo one proposed lo the Senate Banking Committee by Senator Flllbrlght (D-Ark). CRITICAL TRIANGLE—U. S. and Soulh Korean forces today still were holding in the general area of the triangle on map above. A daring American unit this morning fought its way out of the triangle 22 miles behind enemy lines before returning. This thrust, carrier! the Yanks almost to Chinju. By the tank-led attack, (he Americans made certain that the Reds are grouping for an all-out push toward Pusan, indispensable United Nations supply port. Profits of War Will Be Removed Lucas Says No One to Get Rich At Expense of Gl WASHINGTON. Aug. 3. (/T) — Senate Democratic Leader Lucas aid today that. Although there nay he no immediate tax action a- gainsl profiteering, the American people can ho assured "nobody is ;oing lo get rich at the expense of the G.I." "We are ioing to take rthe pro- tt*liwar" ' ' Billiard Parlor Here Entered By Burglars The Pastime Billiard Parlor at 211 West Main Street was entered by burglars last nlghl and between : ;$20 and $50 in money was reportct; Berrymar The anc cash taken, Sheriff William said this morning. Entrance Lo the building (rained through a skylight, money, mostly small bills change, was taken from a register. A door to a small cafe was found open. Sheriff Berryman said, bu nothing was reported missing from the safe. Officers have not as ye determined whether the burglars Opened the safe or whether the door "as left open when the billiard parlor was closed last night. The burglary was discovered bi Niglitwatchman V. K. Tomllnsoi early this morning. In making hi: regular rounds ot the business diS' trict, Mr. Tomlinsovi noticed tha a night light in the building, usually left on. had been turned off. Hr notified Bu ford M a rtin. owner the billiard parlor and the burglar) was discovered. Sheiiff's deputies and city polta are investigating. Soybeons Lucas**mhde -his ^ statement as Democratic leaders prepared to rain through Congress a tax-boosting bill, probably near the $5,000.000,000 size President Truman proposed, and without an excess profits levy. NV Excess Prof-its Tax An. immediate excess profits tax was not recommended by the President, Lucas said, _in the interest or speeding the "first installment" laxe hike to passage, He predicted it will come later, with stiff rates on abnormal business profits, and he added: 'If we get into a real war, we're going to have the most drastic taxes this Cotton Picking Contest To Be Held Sept. 28-29 Slyhcville's nth annual National Cotton Picking Contest will be siagcd here Sept. 28 and IS, it was announced today. The 1950 event will be a two-day affair similar lo last year's program and again will be sponsored by the Blytheville Junior Chamber ol Commerce. Opening the program of event'* will In: a parade Sept. 28 comprised I of floats and a number of school bunds from throughout this i area. I The annual street- dances will bn 1 held that night for both whiten nnd Negroes. Aclual picking competition and will country has ever seen. This tax bin is just to get ready for the big one." Meanwhile, the Senate Finance Committee moved swiftly to put the tax bill .in shape for quick congressional action. Session Behtnd Dnors In its first session behind closed doors, it formally junked the House- Rpprovcd bill to cut by $1,010.000.000 the excuse taxes on such things as furs, jewelry, cosmetics and movie tickets, and approved instead a $55,000,000 excise increase. It voted: A 10 per cent manufacturers excise on television sets, to collect $•12.000,000. A 10 per cent manufacturer's levy on home freezers, for another $8,- OOO.COO. A boost in the slot machine tax from S10t> to $150 a year for each machine in operation. The slot machine operators would kick $5.000.- tlie ^day-long contest progr h£ ^hbV oti-t. 23. 'Hearifid, by Sanford Sholton. the 1950 .Nationril Cotton Picking Con- te.si ComiuiUt'e iiieUiiieil the following: W. E. Young,, co-chairman; Ramon Morton, publicity; Tom Taylor; secretary; Jack Owen, treasurer; Arlie French, concessions; Louts Lynch, dance; Jack Cham hi hi and Virgil Shaneyfelt, parade; Roburt Lipscouib, bands; Sanford Bonne, solicitation; J- T. Sudbury, enter- j tain me nt; James Gardner and Bill Rader. program: Bryce L.nysrn, field stakes; Ross Hughes. Jr., Clothing from Cotton Flags Contest; Dick White, program booklet; Jimmie Edwards, reception; Billy Boone and H. C. Weathers, Jr.. grounds: and Jack Rawlini-s, William H. Wyatt. James Nebhut and A- A. Fredrickson, advisors. High Low Close Nnv 2.61 % 2.58'4 2.58'.i Jan 2.B4fi 261 2.61'i M*r 2.fif> : >; 2.63*1 2.G4 1 ', May 2.G8!i 2.65 2.65=?', \ 000 additional till. 1 Killed r 4lnjured n Auto Accident Carurhersville Man Dies as Car Turns Over, on Highway 84 'Solid T Doom Malik's Move UN Nations Refuse To Barter China's Seat for Peace Weather Arkunjas forecast: Partly ctoudy this afternoon, tonight ana* Friday. WARMER A little warmer Friday. v Missouri forecast: Partly cloudy north, fair .south portion tonight: generally fair Friday; a little warmer west and north Friday; low lo- ni?hL near CO; high Friday -in 80s Minimum this morning—50. Maximum yesterday—84. Sunset today—7:01. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a.m. today—25- Total since Jan. 1—43.75. Mean temperature < midway between high and low)—71.5. Normal mean temperature for Aug.—80.2 This Date Last Vcar Minimum this morning—G9. Maximum yesterday—94. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date —34.94. Wreck Victim's Condition Better Wllljam D. Pruitt, Alicia you... w r lio was injured in Sunday's automobile .smash-up on Highway 61 north of the state line, was reported as "progressing satisfactorily" by Walls Hospital attendants this morning. Attendants said late this morning that Pruitt. who had not regained consciousness yesterday, was now being fed and eculd speak coherently when forcibly aroused. Pruitt's wife. Annie Mac. also injured In tile wreck in which three others died, was released from Walls Hospital yesterday, into the treasury Pruitl's parents and younger brother were killed in the accident. Buchanan Wins Over Rowland In Pemiscot Judgeship Race Death 'lode the highways In this irca again last night as one person was killed and four injured \vhcn an automobile overturned on Highway 84 about, two and one-half mile.s west of Caruthersville, Mo, about 11:30. Killed was Alfred Eugene Hardes- 1-y. 22-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs J. W. Hardesty, who operate n grocery store nt Cnruthcrsville, and a nephew of Mrs. Byron Nail Blytheville. Suffering injuries were four other occupants of the car, Patricia Lee Bell. 19. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Bell, superintendent of Hayti, Mo., schools; Fred ShuUz, 21, sun of Circuit Judge and Mrs. L. H. Shiillz of Caruthcrsville; Patricia LEC Penney, 19. of Maiden. Mo., and Ronnie r. Grcenwell, Jr., son of Ronnie F. Grccnwell. Sr.. of Hayti. The elder Mr. Grccnwell is executive vice president of Hie Missouri Cotton Producers Association, which has headquarters in Porlngevllle. Apparently Lost Control According to reports from the the Pcmiscot County sheriff's office in Caruthersville, the accident occurred when a 1<!.M Buick sedan driven by Hardesty left the highway and ran onto the road shoulder. Hardc-sly apparently lo-t control of Ihe machine, which overturned and rolled over at least twice and was demolished, Flar- dcsty's head wa.s crushed and it was believed the car rolled on hli Investigators said. The four injured persons were taken in artomobiles to a doctor's office at I'.ajU. given emergency treatment and released. According to Missouri State LAKE SUCCESS, Aug. 3, (n't— The solid opposition of seven nations today doomed Russia's latest move lo seat Red China on the Security Council as part of a pence deal for Korea . Six countries — Britain, Krnticc, Ecuador. Cuba, Norway and Nationalist China — followed the United States' lead yesterday In iiuLslliig that the council discuss the Korean question before considering admission of Communist China to the council, and that the two questions be treated separately. American chiof delegate Warren. R. Austin led the light to reject airy "deals" for settlement of the Ko-. reati war. He declared the U. S. will never agree that the end of North Korean aggression depends on any other Issue. ^ Delegates vVafch India x : AS the, third day of debafe began today on the procedural tangle (al 2 p.m. EST), council delegates watched with particular Interest to sec what India would do. The great Asiatic nation hasn't the power to slier the outcome, hut her strategic position Iti the casl gave added significance to whatever stand she takes when her dele- GIs Prove Tank-Led Forces Can Breach Communist Defense By DON \VIIITtHKAll AN ADVANCED U. S. COMMAND POST, Korea, Aug. 3. (AP)—-This is the amnxing story of a U. S. battalion Hint toughl its wily 22 miles behind llic enemy lines, battled Mgiiin and saved a regimental command post" from destruction in a savage struggle this morning. There hasn't been anything quite like this daring adventure in all the Korean war. The officers called it "a reconnaissance in force" and it proved for the high command: I.—That the enemy line can be breached bv a liarri- liiUiujr tank-led force. 2.—Thai the enemy is building up strong forces around Chinju for the drive eastward toward Masan and the vital port city of 1'nsaii. The enemy dropped leaflets behind the American lines near Mnsnn (Iris morning urging imtlves lo slny in llicir houses. The leaflets said llic Heii forces were prcpnrlng to attack In great force and drive the Americana out. "We will liberate you," the Reds said. The battalion's thrust. Into the enemy lines left no doubt the Reds have a strong force in the southernmost drive headed toward Masan This battalion made a 30-hour forced march south lo reach the Jumping on place for Die dnsh toward Chinju. The boys had a few hours' rest and then al 6 am, yesterday they ocean their push. Troops of Ire U. S. 24th Division held their line Jirmh/ east of Chinju today after sending the tank-led battalion deep Into enemy territory. The battalion had five Sherman tanks, n battery of artillery, a i>la toon of heavy mortars and well armed infantry. The spearhead infantry null was a company under the command of Lt. John I,. Buckley. Augusta, Ga. The tank force was under enemy machinegun and sniper fire all the way. The Americans were riding the tanks and Jeeps and trucks, spraying the enemy with fire us they drove ahead. tat* Selective Service 'o Examine 5 Arkansas For Each One Drafted LITTLE ROCK. Aug. 3. f/Tj— Selective Service Is going to examine five men for every one it'll draft In Arkansas in September. The state's September draft call Is 535. Brig. Gen. E. U Compere, state Selective Service director, said last night 2.675 draft eligible* would IK examined between next Monday and Aug. 25 to fill the quota. The screening will he carried out here and at a new Induction station, lo open Aug. 14 al Tcx- arkana. gate, Sir Dcnegnl See SKVKN Rau, Pare speaks As the Americans passed. Hie enemy closed In behind them on the road leading lo Chinjii. Bui Ihc task force blazed Us way deeper and deeper Into enemy country. Then Ihe group reached the mountain passes Just cast of Chinju ami smacked into enemy forces believed 'to ,be the 1 main Red reserve building'lip for a major offensive. "They let us get into n mountain pass," a lieutenant colonel said, "nnd thun they closed in nnd Icl u.- have It," tank guns. The guns knocked holes In th armor of the two Sherman tank and either killed or wounded all o the gun crews. Cnpl. Don 11. Hlckman, Salt Lak Tight Russia If Necessary' Pauley Says Soviet Planned Korean War As Early as '46 By KDVVTN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON. Aug. 3. (If,— Edwin W. Pnulcy said today he felt In 10-1(5, and still docs, thnl the United Stales should go lo war with Russia if ncccMary to make her comply with her agreements in Korea. Paulcy. as n special ambassador for President Truman, visited North Korea In 1SMG. He said he concluded then that the Russians didn't Intend ever la gel out of Korea. Today, Pauley was before th» Senate Armed Services Committee nt n general hearing on Korea -.- - „,.„ ^ . Chairman Tydlngs (D-Md) had Oily. Utah, said the guns were new I bun \, l| l> Pautey n« a "mystery wlt- Fire poured down on the Amerl-jwar. weapons mounted on rubber-tired wheels. The Rims were knocked out by American Infantrymen who closed In on the gun crews. It was 4 p.m. now and Ihe enemy was rushing In . reserves to meet Ibis unexpected Ihreat. Air observers said the Communists were trari- licnlly pulling buck trucks ant! vehicles lo get them out of Ihc way of the lask force's fire |wwer. H was the deepest penetration | American troops have made In the ' Ihe hills. And the Amerl™ "™ ""' WCnt " lt0 thc hills after the Reds. Tile lending tanks rounded n bend in the road and ran hend on into three Russian-made 70 mm antt UNESCO Board May Support °< Drive Against Red Aggression By JOHN M. IIKillTOWKK WASHINGTON, Aug. 3. </P|-Statc Department officials expect the executive board of UNESCO lo hold a.. emergency session in Paris soon and express strong support for the United Nations military campaign against Communist aggression in Korea. Counting of some 536 ahsenlec ballots tomorrow decide the two-way race for the Pcmiscot County. Mo., treasurer's of"-c due to a close vote In Tuesday's election. which also resulted in the defeat of M. R. Rowland of Caruthersville as presidinR judge of the county court. Complete but unofficial returns showed Clyde Orton of Braggadocio leading the treasurer's race with 3.610 voles. His only opponent. Felix Kv'c of Caruthcrsviile, polled 3.553 votes. Mr. Rowland, who has served as ivesidlng judge of the county court for the pasl six years, polled 4.251 votes to 5 522 for Sam L. Buchanan. farmer of near Caruthersville. Campbell Wins Collector's Race Kny Campbell of Hayti received 2.807 votes to defeat his two opponents for the office of county collector. Also seeking the office were Bob Mulliniks of Caruthersville, who polled 2,616 votes, and Miss Nellie McClanahan, also of Caruthersvillc. who received 1.912. Tn the race for circuit court clerk. Hob Rushing of Cooler defeated Floyd Wilks ot Carulhersvllle, 4,«53 to 2.627. N. n. Hawkins of Caruthcrsvillc UNESCO is the United Nations | The practical effect of the expected Paris action, authorities here said, will be to open a new front in the propaganda struggle with member countries. Secretary of state Acheron put this .expectation on the record at a news conference with the statement that "the United Nations Educational scientific, and Cu Then an observation plane dropped an order for tile battalion to retire. The slim dark-hatred lieutenant colonel in command called for volunteers to man the damaged (links. Pfc. Roy Roberts who lives somewhere in Texas said lie fibred he could drive a tnnk. He had driven a bulldozer at home, he said, and a lank shouldn't be too hard to handle. Pfc, William Horn of Greenville Ky., volunteered to drive the other one. "T had driven a caterpillar tractor." Horn said, "r thought 1 could do It. Nobody showed me how. just not In and drove off." The colonel put his dead and wounded onto jeeps and trucks in the center of Ihc column. He put the two damaged tanks in Ihc lead and the others In the rear of the Src Kit KA (Jit on Page 9 Russia. This has been waged with • OrM " iz alion lias the impoi increasing intensity since the first! task . of Increasing pubh days of the Korean crisis. Propaganda I.Tne Russia's propaganda line is exactly contrary to the position taken hy the United Nations Security Council. The council has held that the Korean Communists launched a n unprovoked attack o n South Korea. Russia contends that South Korea, at American Instigation, started the fighting. While American officials say Dial no well-infcrnied persons—including the men In the Kremlin—can have any doubt as to the c-Miect version of v/hat happened. Hie problem from a propaganda viewpoint is to gel the true facts across to as H^ Mrs. Edwards ask of Increasing public under-1 C" 'J I CI * L * I ™?Z«Xl-? Mm * nclion io/ " Mig/rt/y Improved' led the four-wny race for probate court judge with 2.142 votes. Sharon J. Pate of Caruthersville ran second with l.BOO. Von Maycs of Caruth- ersvillc polled 1.681 votes and Steve Mcdling of Hayti received 1.330 At stake was the post left vacant earlier this year by the resignation of Judge T. R. Brodcriek. Many Unopposed Unopposed candidates «inning Democratic nominations included the following: Paul Jones of Kcn- nett, congressman: John T. Buck- 1'v of Hayti. county representative: E. c. Spccr of Braggadocio, associate Justice of Ihe county court. first district; D. A. Calllns of Steele. associate Justice, second district: Harold S. Jones of Caruthersvillc. county clerk; Elmer Peal of Car- uthcrsville, county recorder; and Sam J. Cornell of Caruthersville, county magistrate. Republican candidates .in Tuesday's election polled a total of only 79 votes, according to unofficial returns. These Included W. C. Posey. for associate Justice of county court, second district: John Pullam. for circuit clerk; Ray Klemp for prosecuting attorney: and Ralph P'rame. for county treasurer. who are not well Informed. A .Major Role Trooper N. E. Tinnin of Hayri, who 1 many millions of people as possible investigated the accident. Miss Ucll ' was later taken to a hospital. The extent of her injuries was not immediately determined. The body of the accident victim is at the Smith Funeral Home in Caruthersvillc. New York Stocks Closing Quotations: AT&T 150 5-8 Arncr Tobacco 64 1-4 Anaconda Copper .. 321-8 Beth steel 41 1-8 Chrysler 67 Coca Cola : 121 3-4 Gen Electric 46 Gen Motors 87 1-8 Montgomery Ward M 5-8 N Y Central 14 5-8 Int Harvester 231-4 J C Penney . 5R 5-8 Republic Steel 37 1-2 Radio 15 3-4 Sonony Vacuum 213-8 Sludcbaker 283-4 Standard of N J 79 3-8 Texas Corp 6D 7-8 Sf ars 42 3-8 U S Steel M Southern Pacific 60 3-1 In tackling tills problem Ltiuy expect UNESCO to play a mnjor role, since it is composer! of educators Emergency Mircling The emergency meeting o! UNESCO's executive board was called for by the executive committee of the U. S. National Commission for UNESCO, an organization of 100 American leaders, at a meeting; here July 22. The aclion was announce.! July 2ii and the call was forwarded to Paris by Uitlicr II. Evans. Librarian of Congress and vice clnir- man of UNESCO's executive board. The board is composed of representatives of 18 nations elected by the UNESCO "general confc'encc of alt 59 members. The American group in calling for the emergency session suid that the board should adopt "a strons statement of support" for u N action in Korea and should direct a and other leaders of thought in 59 mcnt. fcrencc lo adopt a similar stite- ness" hy declining to announce his denlity even to committee mem- ;crs until shortly before the hcar- .rig. Senator Misses Pnlnl After Pauley had finished rcadfng » lengthy statement about what he found In , 104(1. Senator Lyndon Johnson . (D-Tex) demanded . to know what the point was. He holed that Pnulcy said In 1D46 :hat Russia ought to have been forced to comply with her agreement In Korea. Should the United States have gone to war lo make the Soviet comply? Johnson asked. "ff you couldn't do anything short of that, that was my recommendation then and Is now." Pauley said, "Affirmative Action" But under further nucslionlng, Paulcy said he didn't make any such recommendation In official documents. Paulcy repeatedly said he thinks this country should have taken "affirmative action" against Russia. Tydlngs asked: "When Russia refused to allow the Unfted Nation! commission to go into North Korea, would you have declared war on Russia?" "Yes." Pauley said. Pauley. a California oil man, headed a U.S. rcoarations mission after the close of World War II. In that capacity, he visited Korea In May. r.iulcy T;ikes Sland When Pauley took the stand Tydlngs said he had been asked oj the White House and Pentagon lo arrange for Paulcy's testimony. However, in answer to a question by Senator Lyndon Johnson (D- Tcx). Pauley said his stalemcnt rc- flccled only his own views and had not bren submitted to any dcpart- Scc FIGHT on I'a S c 9 Condition of Mrs. Don Edwards.! who was fount] shot through the head In her home here Monday, was described today as 'slightly improved" by attendants at Blythcvlllc Hospital. Mrs. Edwards, who underwent surgery Monday In treatment lor llic bullet wound, still had not regained consciousness by late this morning. Her husband, opcralor of a typewriter and adding machine olfice here, was found fatally shot In the Edwards' home Monday. A coroner's Jury investigating the double shooting has adjourned until next Thursday to await Mrs. Edwards' recovery before returning a verdict. - 0. Cotton Open Hish Low Close Oct 3735 3740 3705 3711 Dec 37.1G :n-I2 3700 3713 Men 3738 3741 37CC 3709 May 3720 3735 3(599 3703 July 3C83 3688 3042 3652 New York Cotton Open Hi^h Low Close O;t 3751 3761 3723 3729 Dec 3755 3763 3726 i731 Mch 3751 3702 3724 3728 May 3740 3751 3715 3720 July 3C96 3703 3662 3670 War Caught U.S. in Midst of Changing Tank Designs Kj C. VATKS MclMMKI, WASHINGTON, Aug. 3. W,— American troops will have lo fight the holding phase of the Korean campaign with World War II tanks, sonic of them improved since 1915. They may Ret some really new tanks by the time the embattled Eighth Army can shift from the defensive and start the long way back to the 38th Parallel. This is the substance of what Congressional watchdog committees will hear when the Army is called up to explain how the Korean crisis caught the United Slates In the Imisltlou period between old and genuinely new armor, Gen. .T. Lawton Collins, Army chief of stafl. slated in a speech on Feb. 27 lhat "except lor prototypes we have not purchased a single new tank since the end of Ihe war." In a report for the last hall of 1949, Secretary of the Army Gray said lhat three light units of the "pastwar tank family" were In the final steps of completion prior to an exhaustive scries of tests. Tn his February speech, Collins said that the Army had the prototype of a new medium tank and "designs" for a heavy tank. Collins then emphasi/cd that the Army would not build any heavy tanks until it was "sure that we cannot knock out the heaviest of heavies with the Improver! guns and ammunition of our new light and medium tanks." Since February, the Army ij known to have placet! an order for a limited production ol the new light tank, known as T-41. It Is these tanks that could be produced In sufficient numbers to play R part In future yhascs of the Korean war. In the meantime, American tronpr, battling In Korea are getting more and heller tanks than I hey started with one month ago. Pictures have been published showing General Pcrshlng type tanks moving to the Korean bat- llcfront. The Pcrshings arc R considerable improvemenl over the older and less mancuverable tanks Mint accompanied the first. U.S. (mils from Japan lo Korea. The Pcrshlng, a 47!!- Ion vehicle mounting a OC-mm rifle, forms the backbone of U.S. Army ar- mored battalions. Karly in the Korean war. press and unofficial reports said the North Koreans were suing 50 and 60 ton Russian-type tanks, The Army has never confirmed anything biRgcr than the Russian T-34. This 30-ton tank has speed and because ol its wide tracks served the Red Koreans well in the rainy country through which they have advanced. Recent reports from U.S. ground nnd aif units aprce that fewer Red Korean lanks are being seen as the campaign progresses. Improved American anti-tanfe weapons, the presence of bigger and better U.S. tanks and the continuing aerial pounding by Allied airmen ore credited with blunting the armored spearhead of Ihe North Korean assault.