TUESDAY, SEPT. 80, IWf (ARK.J" Hit Word in N«w Wwdt—«uttnb«rg to 19S2 eartbreakandTrouble Underlay utenbergs First Printed Bible (EDITOR'S NOW—Thl. Is the lut in a serie* of three irtlelee written by Frsnew Dunllp Heron •o the n»ir ReTised SUndard Version ot the Bible to be InU-o- »t community-wide serv- tees in 3,0«0 cities— including Bly- the\Hlle— «t 7:30 tontibt. This se- rie« was written for the National of Churches o' Christ, ikh .sponsored publication of new tenlon of the Bible.) By Frances Dunlap Heron (Written for National Council of churches of Christ) printing. The story goes that dur- We, devtelng type that would look ing his boyhood Johann helped his lie the hand-written alphabet, from the ing his boyhood mother collist «kln« slaughterhouse and make them Into parchment. One day while watch- Ing the fire under s pot of dye. Johsnn sat whittling the first letter of his name from a block ol wood, suddenly it slipped from his fingers inlo the blue dye. Quickly the boy reached for the letter, burn ed his fingers, dropped It just a quickly. To his dismay the letter I bounced onto a drying parchment making a perfect blue "J" where 1 Miscalculations — heartbreaking fell. His worry over the rtiinet delays — partnership difficulties — parchment gave way to excited "inancial troubles — fears that Ms s p ecu >aion. Why couldn't all th ir/miing secret would leak out — oil letters of the alphabet be carve hpse must have vanished momen- an( j stamped on parchment to form :arlly from his weary mind as J°- W0 rds? hann Outenbtrg held In his hands whatever may have been his in the first copy of the first book to celMvC: certainly Johann Guten be printed from movable type. fe must nave sperlt years | Sienificantly the book Gutenberg dreamlne o( and experimenting wit had chosen for testing .his word- techniques for replacing the old l» •halting invention v,as the Latin bo rious methods of hand copyin type metal; 140 tons of binder's board; 71 W mile* of 40-inch cloth and 18,150,000 yirrS* ot thread; and 50,000.000 square inches of 23 -karat gold leaf. The single-volume Bibles are being printed In two columns, while the Old Testament alone will appear In two-volume seta of one- column forrr.it to match tha New Testament edition of 19M. h. revoTut T tS'prlnUn, pro^ "so " -«'« "™* >"" meV an would work In the history of cxid's ™l:c all auxiliary equipment an Word He rtieei in 1468. impoverished f'«d the ink best suited to his pu ,nd unhcmored, without «.1tai n g [ P«. Thc»-ye.» ^^ertomla- hoT his printing press would encourage new translations of the Bible until finally the gospel message utenberg and his fellow craftsmen •en Illuminated their printed Bie pages to make them resemble anuscrlpt copies, In order that heir printing invention might remain secret. • • • THIS 1>*CK of advertising handi- aps posterity in affixing exact ates to the Gutenberg Bible. But cholars generally agree that the printing was carried on between 450 and 1456. The content was set 42 line* lo the column. Between 200 and 300 copies were printed, 35 on vellum and the rest on paper. The 45 copies in exi'.'.ene- today—12 on vellum and 33 on paper—attest to the superb quality of workmanship. The paper has never been excelled for durability. But Gutenberg's masterpiece did not prove a commercial success and apparently he lost hta equipment to his ci editors. The scanty records of his life between 1457 and his death in 1468 pertain chiefly to financial problems. How incredulous he would have been could he have looked forward five hundred years to the. magnitude, reception and support of the publication ol the Revised Standard Version! The first edition of one million copies due September 30 Is being hailed as the biggest project in book publishing history. It calls GIGANTIC AS Is the printing job, it wit* preceded by a much more prolonged task ot research, conference and collaboration on the part of the Standard Bible committee. The first members, including Chairman Luther A. Welfile Dean Emtritus of Yale University Divinity School, were appointed in 1929, but revision did not get undo way until 1937. Between ,1929 and Testament manuscript to Thorns* Nelson »nd Sons, publishers, thlrty- ,-ft'o Bible scholars took, some part .n the project, Actual translation, lowever, was largely in the hsnds of twenty-two men during the tater fifteen-year period. Surrounded by resources of manuscript discoveries snd archeologlcal findings such as no group of scholars ever before possessed, they accepted their assignment to produce an accurate, simple yet dignified re. vision of the Scriptures for use in homes and churches. They were lo correct the errors in text that crept In durlrtp centuries of hand copying; eliminate archaic words and word cndlnqs; and replace with modern equivalents the more than three hundred words in the Klnj James Version that have change< meanings since 1611. September 26, 1951. when Dr. Weigl handed the final pages of the Old ' TO THAT END they divided int _ — *• OM the Ntw TMtuwnt. IneHrldual members took cerUtn book* or per- lons of the Bible upon which lo prepire •> preliminary druft, Buch draft* were circulated for study by ,11 members of the section before j iroup meeting. «t which time they were discussed, verse by rerae. A ne* drsft embodying the decisions reached was then mimeographed »nd distributed JOT further study. September 30 will be • d*y of honor—honor for 8itnt Jerome, for Johsnn Gutenberg »nd for the role of the Bible In our religious and national heritage. The Revised Standard Version Bible observances to be held across the land that eve nlng will not be complete unless millions of Americans remember to give honor and gratitude slso to thi members of the Standard Bible Committee for Implanting the new est milestone In Bible history. S. T. Lowry Company S«m T. Lowry, Gotten Merchants 14 Sotith November 8th Street Memphis. T*tin. SEE THIS tlon were beset by debts, lawsuits and unhappy partnerships. Sometime before 1450 he returned would reach into every language In I to Mainz. In 1451 his first printed every corner of the globe. literature appeared—a letter of in- Belated honor .comes this year to diligence by Pope Nicholas V for aid the German "father ot* printine." In against the Turks. At the same time for more than 1,000 tons of papsr ffjfcimemoration.of the 500th anm-jhe must have been working on the and 2,000 gallons o! ink; 10 ions ot vltsary of his famous 42-line Bible, the United States post office department is issuing a special three- cen postage stamp. The background depicts an unfurled paper scroll. On the; left appears a vignette of Gu ten be re- -'lowing a proof to the elector -of Mainz- The right side bears the dates 1452-1952 and the words, "500th anniversary of printing of the first hook, the Holy Pib^e. from movable tyne, by Johann Gutenberg." THE .FIRST-DAY sale of this Is scheduled for Sept sinner 30. along with ceremonies in 'he Conpressic""! 'Library in Wn«hin ton. D.C. RenresenUtives of Citbn- 1K Protestant and Jewish falrli Bv a fortunate coincidence timber 30 Is of further significance fri American churchman For Ror 1 Catholics it Is Srrint Jerom P-y. rpcogn!?tng fie monk who in i "pave the \Ve c *ern whr'd his ?cl Lr>tin translation ol thn i 1 ?. the Vulgate. For Protestants September 30 1; tb-r da I" on which the R'-ndard Version of Ihe Hnly Rilil vi 1 ! bs relen cr d to the public for the i'.l'rst time. It will be introduced evcnine In some three thou community observances. It is i result of planning begun in 19 n 9 of active effort since 1937 to prr j ''r n a revision of the Rcriotur^s in T"' 71 ^ 1 ! c!e«r prti mfianincful fnr modern readers. It has the backing of t*ie fortv denominations cooper- Mrs IViroNeh tVic Divir-ion of | ?->rrl.!9ii Education of the Nation- | i Council of tVie Churches of j cVisl !n tbe U.SJV, which hold.- | tl-» copyright. ; The pubficallon of this \'cr.sion Just five hundred years after Gut- j enberg wa-s turning off the first printed Dib 1 ^ focuses particular in- j terest oil his life and work- Unfor- i tunately, facts are meager. Even! the date and the place of his birth j are in doubt, though It seems like-1 ly he was born around 1398 in the j city of Mainz. Apparently his family \vas excelled from there, however, and Strasbourg became his home. AN OLD LEGEND gives an intri- giuing if imauthenticated explana- AUon of Johann's connection with MM $ttTfiu& frfait.*!* for Pit'Planned Exsenie-Paiil Toun I %^^ i \ ^tilfas'XkX'*- I (oi late vacations | •nd week-end trips | IN TRAVEL TO ALL AMERiCfl... Drop in and see the friendly a.ecnt at ihc Greyhound Terminal for travel infcmnauon.coloriui folders, and nimpIcK trip-planning assistance! He will give ycin a wide variety of schedule* to choose (rom...sui!ecst scenic hi|;li" r ay routes ...explain liberal stopover privileges . . quote do!la--sivin,e faros Tike Canada, and Mexico: Memphis, Tcnn. ..«. .. St. l.ot»is, Mo .... Detroit, Mich San Francisco tnesc to ail "iS Stales, 10 8 S j Seattle, Wash. Jiiami, Fla. ... I New York, X. V $ 1,90 5.85 11.10 38.90 41.00 20.75 23.10 S 3.15 10.55 25.45 Gfi.15 13.00 31.35 42.10 (Plus U.S. Tax) Greyhound Terminal Fhone 4441 a treat worth ^Arepeating! 9i MEAD,) - - Headquarters for Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes! 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