The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 29, 1949 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, December 29, 1949
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT KEWSPM-ER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS ANI> SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLV—iNO. 238 Blytheville Daily Ne»» Blj'theville Courier Blvthcvllle Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BIA'TIIBVILUE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 29, 19-19 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS ) Blytheville Rent Decontrols Get WashingtonOkay Expi.'difer Announces •jf'" Receipt- of Decision By City Officials Housing Expediter Tiglic E. Woods formally announced in Washington today tlie eiKl ol rent controls In iHytheville. His announcement acknowledge! lits receipt and forma) approval o! the drrontfo] resolution adopted b> the Ulythevillc City Council Dec. K and approved by Oov. Sid McMatl' on Dec. 19. Decontrol of rents in Blytheville became effective with Governor Mc- Matli's approval of Ihc resolution. The City Council acted under lo- .ca] option provisions of tlie Rent Control Act of 1949 when it adopted the resolution which was suljniil- tel by the JJlytliovilte Real Estate Boaul.' The realtors' group had filed a pnmipn for city council action on decontrol in June. The petition was protcsteii by Dud Ca.son Post 24 of the American Legion and three public healings were held during the six months before the council action. The Blylheviilc Defense Area Rental Board office, directed by C. A. Cunningham, is expected to receive soon a closing order from the Officer ot the Housing Expediter, it will remain open, however, until this order is received. Even alter the order is received and the office closed to the public, considerable work will remain in disposing of iites and records ac- •ijniulated during the office's cxis- ,l^iice. The closing order is expected to contain instructions for shipping BII disposing of these records. GovernmentHit For Neglecting Health Studies NEW YORK, Dec. '29. MV—Top American scientists today heard the federal government accused of neglecting? child health research spending millions on bombs. Dr. Leon a ^tunnpnrtner, of the Children's Bureau, ,Washington, D T C.. inndn: \\ic statement before thf Pension, Welfare Studies Urged by Federal Mediator WASHINGTON, Dec. 19. UP\ — Now is Hie lime for n real study of the whole pension anri welfare problem, sflys Federal Mediation Chiel cynis s. Ching. dung's business is settling labor disputes anri preventing them from occurring if possible. He believes Ihal uncertainty over what con- jress is going to do about expanding the present social security plan, plus discrepancies and weaknesses of employers' welfare-pension plans, could lend to costly labor troubles. "It would he well to take, our hearings," Ching counselled in K statement, "and devise a national policy whicli will help us to set our future course with deliberation." Wary Eye Kept On Soviet Ships In Training Area U.S. Sources Report- Three Vessels Sighted In Caribbean Waters By The Associated Press , Three mysterious liu&slan ships have l>cen reported in the Caribbean area where the biggest U,S peacetime maneuvers in history sonii will be held. Amevieftu authorities are kccpinK a \\arv but diplomatically correct eye en ihc GOP to Gear Vote Bid On Truman's Spending toy Jack Bell WASHINGTON, Dec. 39. Wi-Republicnn leaders seemed agreed today on making the Truman administration's spending policjes one of their chid issues of the 1950 campaign. Thai was the one suggestion that^— Cropped up most often in an aualy- sis of current- and recent statements by GOP on the future ... . American ^Association for - the' Ad- strike, vanceineiif of science. Shortage of Coal Hurts Railroads ! Miners' Shorf Week Cuts Production to Hamper Carriers WASHINGTON, Dec 29. W» —Senator Morse (R-Ore) contender) today that the three-day mine week —which Has so cut conl production that a slash in rail service threat- ens—czmnot be htiHed by President Truman. Morse stated th'nt view on the *icels ot a report "that the Interstate Commerce Commission, meeting vliis afternoon, might order n 25 per cent cut in passenger service on coal burning railroads. The roads report, they are low on coal due to the short work week ordered by United Mine Workers president John U Lewis. Southern conl operators, accusing Lewis of unfair labor practices, yesterday asked the National Labor Relations Board to take court action to lorce n return lo lull production. Earlier, some operators had urged Mr. Truman to use his separate emergency Taft-Hartley act powers —including a provision for s\n 80- day strike-halting injunction—toward ihat end. But Morse .said his opinion as a lawyer is that the President's national emergency powers under the T-K act. can be used only in cases where there is an actual critical strike — ,or • .Uie threat ol such a vessels. The three ships are the Trcpang, Peramutr and Chiaka, reportedly en route from the Baltic io Vladivostok by way of St. Thomas in the Virgin Tstands. Authorities; said this brings to 15 Hie number of similar type Soviet vessels that have crossed the Caribbean on their way to Russia's important Siberian seaport in the past two and a half years. One Informant expressed doubt thai the Russian ships' primary aim military information. He suggested that Russia may be planning to take over fishing grounds that the Japanese used before the \vnr. But naval men recalled that last year three Russian vessels arrived nt St. Thomas just n few weeks he- fore spring maneuvers were neltl, Russians Silent Naval authorities say Soviet ships have a right to put in at St. Thomas. but point out, that Ihe Caribbean route is the lone way around for a vessel on the Europc-Vladvlstok Russians themselves have Differences Cited .-. Only a few thousand . dollars a -'year of federal.money now goes for child health research, she said, but more than half B billion is spent on other research, including immense sums on bombs and atomic energy. By contrast, she s:iid, children are .Joy far the most impoilant prcdurl '%ff the United States. '- "What we are after," she said, "both educators and doctors, is to help in raising a new generation of human beings who are buoyantly healthy in body and spuii; whose crentiveness and social responsibility are given the greatest possible opportunity for expression; who have RII unchallengeable conviction of their own worth and the worth of other people. "This is the kind of positive health we arc after. Tliss is. the quality of people we are convinced can truly build a democratic society." Dr. Baumgartner said there are 20.000.000 American children with poor teeth. 4-000,000 with poor sight, 1.000,000 with poor hearing, 200,000 with epilepsy, and 170,000 with cerebral palsy. And, she snid. despite the $7,500,000 Congress annually gives states to Iiclp sick children, the states arc forced to turn down thousands of children a year for lack of funds "There is a great difference." Morse told newsmen, "between a dispute which causes economic losses and suffering and one which imperils nation a 1 health or safely. "A coal dispute could very well reach the lajter proportions, bub ob- i-iously the present one hns not done so to date, nor is there any likelihood it will if the three-day week is con'iimed." Morse, who wants the Taft-Hartley law repealed, thus took sharp issue with Senator Wherry ol Nebraska^ the Republican floor leader. Two days ago Wherry said there was "deplorable evidence of negligence" in the fact Mi. Truman has not used the Taft-Hartley act to restore full time production of coal. Wherry also accused Mr. Truman of failing to enforce the T-H law becaose he doesn't like the measure and wants it wiperi off the books. The President lias said he will u.se the law if a natiormt emergency develops. But he has expressed no opinion as to whether he would Irive the legal righj. to lnv>kc the law unrtpr the present chcumslanc- es — when Lewis could argue in court that production limitation is no strike. Auto License Bureau Has Last-Minute Rush Just One Month Early The stuff of the Arkansas Revenue Department office in TJlytne ^'illR is being swnmpcd with a prc- W«aUire~ "last-minute" rush to obtain state vehicle license plates— and all because of a rumor. Somehow, one of t-he -staff sak this morning, a rumor got ov\t tn the effect that this Saturday night was the deadline for obtaining 1950 licenses. This rumor, however, is wrong by one month. The Revenue Department reas- Mired vehicle owners today that they have until .Jan. 3V to obtain their m?w licenses. Meantime, last-minute size crowds streamed into the office this morning as a result of the rumor. It also was ; announced today that the Revenue Department office here will be closed Jan. 1 for an Fireman Injured During $25,000 Berryville Fire BERRY V1LLE, Ark.. Dec. 29. (APi — A volunteer fireman, hur- rymg to a 525,000 theater fire, struck down and seriously injured a fellow fireman with his automobile here early today. The fire destroyed the O/ark Theater on Berryvtlle's main square. Boli H-Utenhaucr. 25 was direct- in™ traffic away from the fire when Fireman Charles Clements drove np. Ctem-nts said that because of the smoke he didn't see Hntlenhauer until he was near him. He swerved his automobile, he said, but the rear bumper struck Haltenhauer. Hattenhauer was taken to a licrryviUe hospital. Physicians said he suifercd ^ brain concussion. Volunteers kept fhE flames from run. The volunteered no explanation. U.S. military planners are completing arrangements for combined sen-ices exercises involving some 80,00fl men, in thR Caribbean area due to be held from January through rltf-March. Hungary's comlnnist government Thomas today seized a large uuubei" of foreign-owned companies, charging they wem being used "to build up espionage and sabotage rings." Among those ordered nationalized was the Standard Kieclric Works, a subsidiary of the American-owned International Telephone and Telegraph Company. Two foreign officials—an American and a Briton— and a Hungarian manager of thp company arc in a Hungarian jail charged with' espionage and sabotage. The pnveriirncnl *lso broadened its nalton;ili/:iiiou program by inking over all *IIuwgariiin-o\vuc<t enterprises i-ni ploying more llian ID jinrstms and nil printing plants cm ploying morn than five. The Russians, trying 12 Japanese on war crimes charges, today nc- ci'scd the United States of preparing to use disease as a war weapon. The Communist Party newspaper Pravda said the U.S. is maintaining a bacteriological warfare experiment station near Washington, D.C. Tiie Russians also declared a Japanese germ warfare unit Infected 3,000 Chinese war prisoners with typhoid fever in 1!)4'J and tbe-n released them to start an epidemic nmong civilians. East Germany's Liberal Democratic Party—apparently acting under Communist pressure- has suspended five of its deputies in the Brandenburg parliament from party membership. The Communists earlier charged the five with being reactionaries nrt "attacking Soviet cult tire." France's tniddle-oM he-road coalition government has decided to s'.nnd or fall on the issue of a balanced budget. The decision wns made by premier Geor?cs Bidault's government at a special meeting yesterday, fol- lowinc 15 1'2 hours of debate in the National Assembly on the proposed record breaking budget. The government already faces two critical votes of confidence tomorrow on Bid a ult's proposals to course of ihcir party. As of now, It needs much more money and many more offices. Out of a long drouth at the presidential polling places has come about every possible suggestion for reorganising and rebuilding tlie party. At one wing. Senator John W. Brickcr of Ohio has proposed an outright merger with Southern Democrats, On the other wing, Senator Henry Cabot, Lodge of Massachusetts has called for a Republican party that will hold out its ban dto labor. Guy o. Gnbricison, the Republican national chairman, has joined the latest GOP oulcry agaitist "me- tooism" in his party. I'YcEiiIums Get Emphasis However, Gov. Alfred E. Driscol! of New JeJrsey, whose reelection last November was one of fev» bright spota in a thill Republican sky, says it all depends on what the GOP is "me-tooing." He, for one, says he is willing lo "me-too" the ten commandments thn preammte to the constitutioi and a strong national defense. Driscoll has opposed federal ait to education and federal public housing, Bui he has plugged a state program to accomplish the satin ends. Senator Arthur Vandenhcrg (II- Mich) put his creed for Republicans into one sentence. He said the Republican aim should be: "To restore the American system to safe foundations before it is too late anri to gear dependable progress with national solvency and individual freedom." Generally speaking, the Republicans seem to Ihink that Gov. Dewey of New York made a bi^ "me too" mistake \\\ his unsuccessful 1948 presidential cam- fin; Approving some New Deal iroposals and saying In effect that IB could make them work better. Dewey himself has conceded he nay have taken the wrong tack with a su'cet ness-ami-light cani- n. But aides said lie stands pat on the advice lie gave the Repub- ican Parly here last winter. Looking back on his defeat, he told ihc Republicans; I>ewcy Favors "Mlrtille Road" "Take the middle road. Stop bellyaching about the past. Quit trying to out promise the Democrats, target about turning the clock back and work for social progress under a flourishing competitive system of private enterprise, where every human right is expanded." Senator Wherry of Nebraska, the GOP Senate floor leader, doesn't think so much of the middle road advocated by Dcwcy. Wherry wants the Republicans to fight tlie Democrats at every cross-roads of national policy. ''Let's not make any mistake this time," he said, "Give the people a cicnrcut choice on the Issues and on the candidates, "Let those who are for a social welfare state get In that corner and support the Truman administration. And give tho.se who are for the free competitive system a chance to come into our corner where they can vote for candidates who will stand foursquare on those principles." Wherry doesn't sit In the .same Republican pew with Senator Robert A. Ta/t of Ohio on such issues as federal nid to education, low- cost housing and some other social welfare proposals Tnft hns sponsored in the past. But they agree that government red ink spending is a prime issue Uom the GOP standpoint. Governors Seek To Avoid Phone Workers' Strike Six-State Meeting Opens in St. Louis; To Hear Both Sides ST. LOUIS. Dec. 29. <W) — Governors or their representative. 1 ; from six states met here today tn nn effort to prevent n strike by 50,000 employes of the' Southwestern Bell Telephone Company. Gov. Forre.st Smith of Missouri, who en He'd the conference, said both (he utility and lenders of the CIO C^mnnmicntkms W o r k e r s would IJP ii.sked lo present Oiph -sides iti the coninicl dispute. He expressed hope n fair IK for .settling tlie dispute could be found, nnrl added: "There (s no invention on part of the governors of work in; a hardship on either side In the dispute. We are vitally concerned, however. In averting a strike which would seriously affect business uiul the public generally In each of the six states." Gov. Frank Carlson of Kansas *,aid "1 .see nothing In this dispute (luil can not be settled and I am 2,662 Homes Built In City During '49, Records Disclose A half million dollars In residential and business con- xtruction invested (hiring the last tlii'cc months of 19*1!) pushed the total building investment far the year over Iho $1,600,000 mark. By the end of September, v/hcii a survey ol construction activity In niylhevlllo during the first three quarters of 1919 was published In the Courier News King cotton Days edition, the total already hiul exceeded the minion-dollar mark. To thif> nine-months total of $1.027,032, $507,170 has been added during the p:ist quarter to make a grand total [or the ycur of $1,501,802. The [Inal recapitulation for the Costs on Decline With Big Program Under Way Savings Run Into Millions Speed of 7,989 Miles Per Hour Claimed for New Rocket Plane Iowa Man Heads Blytheville Firm Breese Enterprises To Maintain National Headquarters Here George N. Bree.se of Ankeny, Iowa, has been elcclcri president :>f Breese Enterprises, Inc.. which yesterday obtained a charter from the state n$ an Arkansas Corporation, it \vn*» disclosed today by Noble Gill, who hns been elected secretary and treasurer. The firm will maintain national headquarters here and establish one of several projected regional warehouses in Blytheville to serve an area covering perhaps three states Mr, Gill said. -* LOS ANGELES, Dec. 29. <AE J > — .n Air Force plane reportedly lias .own 1989 miles per hour—three tne.s the speed of sound. That's the new record of the Air 'orcc's "X-l rocket plans, snys the Los Angeles Times' aviation editor, larvin Miles. Quoting what he calls "reliable nformants," Miles tcttay soitl the X-l had reached a speed of 1989 niles mi hour in the stratosphere Sales be directed fron est ended New /ear's holiday. It spreading to the adjoining City will reopen. Jan. 3. New York Stocks 1-.30 p.m. Quotations: ii T & T VJVAmer Tobacco ...'..'. Annconrta Copper Beth .Steel Chrysler \ Coca Cola '.'.'.'/ Gen Electric ..].] Gen Motors 146 3-8 7-1 1-2 28 1-4 Hall. wh : ch houses headquarters and equipment of the fire department. Origin ol the fire was not determined. The brick 'stucco theater building was remodeled last May at an approximate cost of S10.000. The theater was o%vned by j. Fred Brown boost taxes to cover trie country's expenditures. 3.4 [of Memphis and operated by John 66 1-8 T- ^o»S Some Insurance was car- 164 7-fl j ried 41 3-8| Ground-Breaking Rites Planned by Baptists For Church on Lilly Groundbreaking services for Ihc new True Light Baptist Church, to be located at the corner of Lilly and Patterson Streets, will be conducted Sunday at 2 p.m. Tlie New Year's I>ay services will be conducted by tl:c church pnst->r. Rev. L. D. Davenport. PrcpciU plans call for the building to be completed by April 15, The building, to cost approximately S2500. will be n fr!>me construction to seat approximately fjSO. It will consist of six rooms and ft large balcony. Church services arc being conducted In the old building, which has been moved to the rear o" the lot. during the construction. The building is teinp financed hy the members, who startwl the building fund about two years ago. Hlytheville through state agents to be designated for each of the state, in which the company plans to do misinc.ss. The new firm is the successor Ic the Dairy Treat Company which Mr. BrcF.TC organized in Towa am which now is doing business in sev crnl states. The retail outlets for tne conipau will be housed in pre-/nbi icalei metal buildings with a baked crn amcl fini.sh, Mr, Gill said toda; They \vill be manufactured in Wlcri ita, Kansas, and shipped to th cities where retail oi'tlcts for th company arc established. Selection of a sales manager fo the company Js Lo be announce within the next few days, Mr. Gi -"'id this morning. The fiim will handle sandwichc. sandwich spread«=, ice crcain, -:«js lords and other confectioner mixes. Montgomery Ward 54 70 3-4 N Y Central Int Harvrstci Vitinnal Distillers Ro\v Mic Steel , .. Radio Soconv Vacuum Sturtcr.'iiker .Standard of N J r Texas Corp > '•} C Penney ... . ' I' S Steel Southern Pacific ................. SI 27 1-4 22 1-8 23 1-2 12 5-8 IB 5-8 28 7-8 67 1-4 61 1-4 55 3-4 26 !-•! 7-8 Stote Goes Whole Week Without New Polio Case LITTLE ROCK,' Dec. 29. WV-For Ihc first time in eight months a week has passed without a reported new case of polio In Arkansas. Tlie state Health Department said tolay there were no new cases last week. The last previous polio-free week was the one ending April 30. The disease has stricken nearly 1.000 prrscns and caused more llian New York Cotton Open Hieh Low 1-30 Mar 3057 3073 3065 2072 May 3043 3»3 3042 3052 July 2979 20B6 2075 2994 Oct 2837 2R49 2837 5849 Dec 2823 2836 2824 2836 N. O. Cotton Open High Low Mar 3058 306S 3Qa? 3068 May 3036 3W8 3036 3M8 July . 2f)70 2939 2969 Ocl 2^30 2B!1 '2830 amenable to nny siiEKCstEou tlml will protect all cdncrmorl.' Federal coucilttilovs were culled fn finsl lo bring the governors up to diuc on the dispute. Then representatives of the union wore cnll- cd in, Arkansas Governor Attends OUiur [jovernot's uttcucliiiR nrc Roy J. Turner of Oklahoma nut: Sid McMnth of AvknnsHs. M. 13. Morgan, commlsitmcr of labor stnLLstic.s, represented Gov. Allan Shivers of Toxus. Gov. Aclln E. Stevenson of rilinoLs wn.s represented by Fern Ruusch, Uic state's nsftislnnl til rector of Inlmr, ami Oeor;;e Grtum, chief of the Illinois CoucitfnUoH ami Mediation Service. Smith sale! tlie conference prob- jiljly will end Ion i{; 11L: "Al Irn.st we hope to set up Llie machinery (fir taking cure of difference.', so there can be no strike," lie said An official ol llin union snlcl \i would agree- to arbitration of nny or all of Uic issues, If such n pro- ).sni Is made. A spokesman for Southwestern Bel! snitt officials of the iitlllty wnnt lo hear what the governors may propo.se before they commit themselves on the .subject of arbitration. The six stntes represented nl the conference nre tho.=e served by th western Bell—Missouri. Ark- ansns, Ka'i^a: and Illinois. The meeting \vns arranged by Edwards Air Force Dry Lake, Uiise at. The speed given Lo him »s lly Sam Dawsion NEW YORK. Dec. 29-(/l>-American taxpayers '.ire expected to put up. n record $2 billion next year tor rozitts and highways. Today they liave the cheering word they might -save $200 million on the deal. That Is because rouri construction cosf.s arc down about 10 per cent from their 1948 peak, and may even drop another five per cent, while htehway labor productivity i.s reported up- The resulting saving on next year's road bill could mean either $200 .million for more roads, or a $200 million reduction in taxes. However, doli't count your tax savings before they nre hatched. Tuxes often K*> up, rnrcly come down. Purl of the cost of building highways is borne by taxes motorists pay. Then nnnimi burden of slain Litid federal gasoline nnd automotive tuxes now runs "alarmingly close to $100 a vehicle/' according to Hnlrd 'IT. Mnrkham, director of the American petroleum Industries Committee of the American Petroleum Institute. Mnvkham elaborates on a subject naturally very close lo the Institute's heart: ''The gasoline tax nationally averages about 33 per cent of the retail price of the product." From nil parts of Ihc natlr>i\ co mi's the cheering word that uhltc tlie. United State.-: launches Oklahoma, Texas 3, lie f>aUt, or three times ns ast as sound. Sonic velocity is C>G3 niles an hour between the altitudes if 35,000 and 100,000 feel. Miles' story did not say who was at the controls, but presumed it wits Jnpt. Charles Yctigcr or perhaps viaj. Pete Everest. A year an<l n lalf ago the /\ir Force announced, .hat Yeagcr would try to fly the X-l up to HOD miles an hour, the maximum speed for which it was originally designed. Everest, Miles said, has been testing the rocket -powered craft. The needle-nosed, ni-font-loiiK X-l is dropped irom the belly ol a superfortress for its flights. It climbs almost vertically to about 80,000 feel before beginning its speed runs. Us four rocket tubes, with a total ol 6,000 pounds of thrust, can operate for slightly more than /our minute. 1 ;. At Ihe end of that period, the (uel is exhausted. Miles said Air Force off icons in Washington rcfusrd to confirm or deny the Mach 3 figure. In December of 1047 Miles reported that Capt. Yeagcr in the X-l had .surpassed the speed of sound. The Air Force did not admit this until six months later. Gov, Smith last Friday after the union, which had thrnalimed ttj cnll the \vorkcrs tiff their jobs before Chris tni s, agreed to post pom; any strike until Jan. I. Tod it y 'K con f e re nee o f (, r o vc rnors is slrnihir lt> one \vhk;h led to « -settlement in llur Missouri Pacific strike i\nr, year. That meeting v/tis eil by Gov. Smith nt. the suggestion of Gov. Sid McMath of Soybeans Open Hi'-rli lyiw Mar ...... 22B n . 229". 228 Mny ...... 22G-, 227 "i 226 July ...... 223';i 22(", 222% Many Injured As Passenger Trains Collide X MEDICINE HAT. AHa,, Dec, 29. 'TV-Tv;o passenger trains collided on the Canadian Pacific's transcontinental line at Koulhivsk. southeast of Alhprta, parly today injuring some 25 persons. Railway officials v.ikl no one was killed. Reports indicated a westbound train, pulling into u siding, wns struck l;y an caslbound train which was several hours Talo. A ir.itn carry ins: doctors, nurses and railway officials was hastening tc the s<.ene. 227 224 2,777 Killed on Holidays in '49; 330 More fo Die 'This Weekend By The Associated Press The nation celebrated six major holidays In 1919 with a. lot of \vhoopla and gaiety but there was a staggering toil of violent accidental deaths—2,717. And, the National Safety Council predicts, 1950 will stall with 330 Americans being killed in traffic accidents over the New Year's weekend. It did not estimate the number of deaths In other accidents. Deaths on the highways, in the air, fires, drownings, and a variety of other causes reached new records over some of the holiday periods this year. In most of them, the traffic toll exceeded the figure estimated by the council. Tlie 13W holiday violent deaths showed: 1,705 In traffic mishaps; 331 drowned; 66 killed In fires and 555 kilted in accidents of miscellaneous causes —including falls, airplane crashes, shootings, latlons. etc. Here is a breakdown for holidays: New Year's (two days)—309, Including 207 traffic; Memorial Day 'three dnys). 413. Including 253 the 40 deaths In Arkansas this year. (Dec 2815 2326 2315 2826|trafHc 87 dro»nta«s; Fourth of I added. July (three days) 711 including 315 traffic, 256 drownings; Lalwr Day (three days). 525, including 39S traffic; Trmnk.sgiving (one day). 179, including 123 traffic; Chri.st- mas (three days), 580 including; 413 traffic. The Satcty Council hns termed the violent deaths during the holiday celebrations "shameful" "appalling" and "disgraceful." After last wckcnd's Christmrus hoKday. when 580 persons lost their lives in accidents, Council President Ned H- Dearborn said: "The actual death loll for our three-day celebration was more than that for Ihc Texas City disaster of two years ago which horrified tlie nation. "Our holidays have become a series of 'Texas Cities'. In « week (New Year's) we many expect another one unless the people have sickened of making horror days out of their holidays." Only « bllzzard that "sews the country up tight" can prevent A death loll of at least 330 over the New Year's holiday, Dearborn said. "But let's depend on ourselves and not the weather man," he Break in New York's Water Shortage Seen NEW YORK, Dec. 29—MV—Now York City may have finally turned the corner in its water shortage crIM.s, city officials ^akl after meas- iring yesterdsiy's ^mn ugalnst public consumption. Hilt they all jointd In warning against the least let-up In water •saving by the public, and called this the key to the whole situation- Severn! dnys of intermittent rain icUled a wholesome 1.285.000.000 gallons to I lie city's two-thirds empty reservoirs yesterday. In addition, more water was tored In the form of potential run-off*. Water Commissioner Stephen J. Carney said that U there Is no sudden reversal of the new trend, it may be possible to relax the two- wcck-old ban on car washing, or nt least modify It. reports' thai contractors recently bid 20 to 30 per cent lower tlinn the state'.s estimate of road construction coat. Colorado finds construction costs (town 12 per cent. Arkansas rejoices In a similar drop, but worries lest the minimum wnye hSke to 75 cents an hour next, month may wipe out the (-aii). California finds tliat by midyear road costs were already down 0.7 per cent from the penVt, whicli occurred nationally In the final months of 10-18. Richard IT. Wilson, n.sstslanL state highway engineer for California, report. 1 ; on some reasons for the drop: 1. Increased labor productivity, whcih he thinks may be due to more competition for jobs. 2. End to uncertainties — ready nvallnbllity ol materials at guaranteed |>rlcc.i, plus the stable; supply [>f tabor, lets contractors cut the contingency Items In their bids. 3. The drop In material prices is the fir.st time since 1040. Under this he lists excavation costs down 23 per cent from Ins I year; Class 13, Portland cement down 12 per cent; hrtr reinforcing steel down 12 percent; find structural steel flown 24 per cent. Slfi-f CVsls for IflfiO l'iirrrl;iln Whether the recent hike of about $-1 a ton in the basic price of stcej will halt or reverse this trend is not yet apparent, but cement i.s morn a Important cast item In roads than steel. And .sums: might odd to Wilson's CHSOIIS the gain frnm the fise of •icwer and heller equipment increasingly avail able since the war. These drops in material prices rim fairly close to the national average as reported by the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads In its price mlex for federal-aid highway construction. Costs, however, are still well year shown that building permits wcr issued for a total of 2,fM2 residents, 46 business buildings. 17 gar- figcs and for 45 remodeling and culm-glue jobs. Many Small Homes Erected The mushrooming of new residential districts In Dlythcvilto and the resulting addition of '2,61)2 new homes In the city is helleveil to ue a record for a single ycar'3 activity. That, the $1.504,802 figure Is a conservative one is shown by the fact that 2.W.2 houses built for this total cost would average out at only ubout $500 per structure. Were the complete casts of nil the finished houses nviillablc, the overall figure probably would be nearly a third larger. r llie low average estimated co.st per dwelling unit is caused by reduced values listed on building permit, applications and the construction of many apparently cheap houses. Numerous Negro a n rt tenant dwellings of from two to four rooms have been listed on permit applications throughout the year at estimated costs of $500 to $1.000. Expansion of the city's limits !n,sl yciir doubled the area of Blytheville and this year's residential construction has virtually matched tho geographical Increase by nearly doubling tbe number of houses >mm>yf3e$!:v;,, r -•• .-• - This skyrocketing 7 - of residential building'activity was cited by spokesmen for realtors In the decontrol hearings as a mnjor reason for lift- lug the rent ceilings. Rents eventually were decontrolled by City Council action which received Gov. • approval and bccnmo effective Dec. 19. The large number of new houses built this year also Indicated that, regardless of how quiet It has liccn kept, the rental housing situation in lilythcvillc has definitely eased. This is borne out by the fact that the special census last year that set the population at 15,091 svivs taken only a short, while before the 1919 building boom, and there have been no Indications that Die population has increased since then by an added families. Careless Hunter Sued By Two Wounded Men HOT SPRINGS. Ark . Dec. 29. M'l —J. C. Bunn went drier hunting and wound up as defendant in a dnm- age suit. J. VV. Talent and L. O. Dunru- Vftiit, both of Nmmt Valley, have sued Uimn for a tcitjil of S4.80Q. They charged they axrc accidentally shot In Die ICRS IICKUI.'.C Bunti handled Ills stiotfrun in a careless manner. They said the incident occuircd In I'erry County during the November deer season. This means that many rental units have been vacated by families now living in their own hcmics. Cutting of down payments on already easy to gel PIIA and Ol loans has been advanced as one reason for the nddcd building. Also It Is believed that this has been the year hi which many wartime rritigCA have reached tlie point of family status that requires larger living facilities. SI, 318,078 For Nciv Ilnincs Overshadowing of business construction by residential building is shown by comparltive totals of the conservative cost estimates listed on building permit applications. While nil estimated S1,34«,018 has been invested in residential building, only SI84.l.iO shows up as busfnc-SK construction. Although estimates on business c?nstructive figures, any Increase to-.vard ?. true total still would pllicc it fur behind figures for residential building. This also was a big year for remodeling work. Approximately $:58.- above prewar levels. The bureau's ndex uses 1925-29 costs ns a base it 100. The Index had dropped to 72. n '.n 193!). During the war and fiince the index rose .steady to Its leak of IGS3 In the fourth quarter ol 1948. By this October It had cccded !o 148.7. This year the nation ts estimated to have spent $1.7 billion on its roads, n record. A ncv.- high expected next year. 92-1 spent on enlarging and remodeling homes. Adding to the grand total was the estimated S5.C50 spent on construction of private garages. This survey did not include the nearly $600,000 In church construction now under way in Blythevilte, nor the 5162,820 spent lor school construction and repair. Weather Arkansas forecast: pair with not much change in temperature to- nl|!tit and Friday. .Missouri forecast: :'air and mild tonight and Friday with somewhat warmer northwest and extreme north Friday afternoon; low tonight 25-35; high Friday 55-60. Minimum this morning—30. Maximum yesterday—62, Sunset today—1:53. Sunrise tomorrow—7:07. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a.m. today—none. Total since Jan. 1—55.49. Mean, temperature (midway bc.- tweeti high and low)—46. Normal menu for December—41.9. This Dale 1-ast Year Minimum this morning—32. Maximum yesterday—52. Precipitation Jan, I to this date -52.87. Gal Throws Assailant foe a Loss with Judo DETROIT. Dec. 29—{/TV-Miss Loraine Rickey, 23, was about to get into her car in front of her home here last night. AloriR came a young mar. "Going downtown," baby?" he asked. When she gave him an emphatic "No", he grabbed her by the throat. Seconds later the thug was flat on his back on the sidewalk. With an anguished srroan, he picked himself up and fled Into the darkness. Miss Rickey, five-foot-five antf weighing 120 pounds, phoned police a brief report before climbing into her car. Police were intrigued. She had estimated the thug's weight at 170 ]>omuls. They leained on further inquiry; Miss Rickey's brother, Edward, had trained her In Judo. He was a Judo Instructor with *» airborne division during tha war.

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