The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 31, 1950 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, July 31, 1950
Page 7
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MONDAY, .JULY 31, 1950 BLYTHEVTU.E (ARK.1 Red Koreans Outnumber Yanks 2 to 1 Despite Reinforcements By tLtbN C. FAY Associated ir«s Military Reporter WASHINGTON. July 31, MV— Even with the reinforcements now asiare or on the way, the united S-^s-South Korean forces still will number only about half that of the enemy's savage horde of fighters. This is counting everything the United States has in Korea or has announced as earmarked for the fighting. And it Is based also on the estimate of one of Gen. MacArthur's intelligence officers that the North Korean Invader, by •frantic" mobilization, has brought his strength up to an army of 200,000 men. The numerical disadvantage must be overcome by firepower, air power and sea power. The three United States" army divisions, which with the South Ko rean army were carrying on the battle as reinforcements from the United States neared the war zone, probably numbered no more than 40,000 men. Last week some of the help started arriving, a unit of undisclosed size, rushed up from occupation forces in Okinawa as the crisis mounted. 96,000 S. Koreans The South Korean army, when the Communists struck on June 25, t were reported to have an army of about D6.000 out of which eight divisions of about 10,000-man size *fe. formed. There are reasons 'JwT believe that heivy casualties have cut this original force to a- bout half. Where the Defense Department, Much of the loss occurred in the three weeks ago, ordered the Army United States so far only two major ele- irst phase of the fighting. The South Koreans were armed only with defensive weapons—no tanks, ;ome anti-tank artillery of too small caliber, some old model bazookas that' were ineffective against enemy armor. So their losses were high as tank-led Red ground forces chewed up their divisions and rolled southward until the first thin line of a" battalion from the United States 25th Division flown from Japan appeared on the scene to help. To back up the U.S. 25th, 24th and 1st Cavalry (infantry) Divisions, the has tapped ments. A fortnight ago the 1st Marine Division pushed off from the American west coast. Sailing shortly thereafter were the Initial elements of the 2nd Infantry Division Some unidentified units from other Army divisions in the United States also were readied for departure. 20,000 to 33,000 Men It is doubtful if the 2nd Army and 1st Marine Division, between them, contain much more than 20* 000 or 33.000 men. Following an old. proved tactlca. practice, the defense lines u» Korea have been pulled in to provide more men to protect a shorter front. This is good practice. But it should be remembered that the enemy also is enabled to concentrate more of his attacking force on the shortened front, for the same reason. ,nd Marine divisions to get ready or the departure for the Far East, he military picture In Korea was ar different than it Is today. The ront was not far south of Seoul and much of the republic of Korea was still free. Today only he southeast portion of the re- >ublic remains free. Another good defense arc exists benind while evacuation was attempted—some thing the pentagon still insists is unlikely. What the military high command thought it could spare from the noblle reserve at home then, and what the demands are now, present two entirely different pictures. Our side has built up its force with reinforcements, but the enemy has far outstripped us in his build-up, if MacArthur's Intelligence estimate correct. Where Are Others Where can more immediately available, trained, equipped troops come from if the high command decides that must be done? Under American military policy, the first line of ground defense is the Army, the next the National Guard, the third the civilian reservists. The government has proceeded gingerly in its steps toward using the second line. It has started calling in units of the National Guard, but not whole National Guard di- God, Ammunition Help Yank Slug Way to Victory BOAZ, Al»., July 31. (API—U. Jim W. Harris, recommended for Ihe Congressional Medal of Honor, went Into the Korean fighting with "the Lord on his side, plus plenty of ammunition.' Parents of the fighting American Infantryman quoted from a letter written July 12 as he moved up to the front. Harris led a volunteer sQUad Ktfiich knocked out five machine guns, tilled between 20 and 40 North Koreans, captured two Russian-type telephones and collected IB automatic weapons. .''He Is a good Christian buy an.l has always tried to do the right, thing," his father, a retired posuil worker, said. "He told us.that, the Lord was on his side, plus plenty of ammunition," the elder Harris said. "He told us that 'ynn con't beat a com- I blnation like that.' " States became obvious, At the same time, it has started tapping the third line, the, reserves, but to limited extent. visions as was done in 1941 when one Marine divisions, if shooting starts somewhere else in the world that pool must be depended on lor the Initial action. To create new divisions is a long long task. Nothing less thau a year is required — eighteen months is better tn *:larl. n.lHl nfu, trnnn^- PAGE SEVTOT Michigan Auto Mishap Stalls Flow of World News in U.S. DETROIT, July 31. (/T;—The flow of world news over a considerable portion of (he United Slates was stalled part, of Friday and Saturday. Apparently a freak Michigan au- .omoblle mishap, In which a girl was badly hurl, Tas the cause, Leased wire services of the American Telephone A; Telegraph Co were affected intermittently over > period of hours starling shortly after midnight. The exact area of disturbance «TIS not determined, but It covered at least- « wide section of the Midwest. Emergency workers were restor- ng service this morning. An A T & T spokesman said It was hopert that "full service" would be in operation by 3 p.m. <EST). Services of the Associated Press. United Press and International better—to start, with new troops _-- and finish them into an organized Uie approach of war to: the United learn that, can /iglit as a unil. Chaplain Aids in Birth; Modestly Refuses Home WITH THE 25TH INFANTRY DIVISION IN KOREA, July 31. (AP)_Enroiite to the front, an army chaplain, Lt. Col. Mitchell W. Philips of Huntingdon, w. Va., stepper! olf the train at a small way station. A Korean frantically asked help. His wife was in labor. Within 30 minutes the chaplain hRd a-sslsted in the birth of a boy, modestly ob. jected to bestowing his name on ihe infant and was back on the train chugging toward the front. News Service were Interrupted. The break came shortly alter midnight when an automobile rammed a telephone pole near Flat Rock. Mich., turned over, and caught fire. Flat. Rock Is in southeastern Michigan near Ihe Ohio line. Presumably this caused a break tn a main AT&T overhead cable, a company representative said. Dorothy Slvyer, 20, of Rock-wood, Mich., an occupant of the car. was seriously injured ind UVen to • hospital in Trenton, Mich. EDSON Malaya produces nearly hall the world's rubber. (Continued from p*se «) ders the sending of American warships and planes to Korea lo lishl against Korean patriots. "June 30-President Truman orders the Invasion of North Korea by American land forces," Propn«nd« Mutt be t'oujht There are a lot more grnesomely exacgerated details to the Commie line than the «bove. But this brier Is enough to put over the point that U.S. counter-propas»nd» hu • tremendous Job on its hands. Currently the U.S. State Department oJfictals are 'leitifylnir before Congressional Appropriations committees on President Truman's request for an 489.000.000 added appropriation for the U.S. Voice of America and its related services. Present appropriation for Into service Is $36.000.000. So the prospect Is that U.S. Information service IB foreign countries will be more than doubled. About half the new money u> mmarked for new radio transmitting facilities, to beat down Soviet jamming and penetrate the Iron Curtain. The other half will be divided about equally between increasing ihe number ot Voice of America Broadcasts, increasing a foreign press, pamphlet and leaflet service, increasing the showing of U.S. dfic- umcntary movies, hullding up US. libraries In foreign countries, and bringing more foreigners to the United states for education and leadership trilnlnj ilonj; democratic lines. The new and stepped-up pro- crania will be started principally IB countries surrounding the Iron Curtain — from Finland through G'cece, Turkey and Iran, ind out to India and Viet Nam. But' no country Is to be overlooked, ft cin'l be, if misinformation like the Cuban Communist leaflet It to be beat down. IT'S RIGHT IN YOUR HANDS You can't mis* — when you go for the many advanlaRes which a career in the U, S. Army or U. S. Air Fore* offers you. Security, education, travel *nd advancement are yours when you p-<iy on these Iwo finest team* in the woild. 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