The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California on February 27, 1940 · Page 2
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The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California · Page 2

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Tuesday, February 27, 1940
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1 PAGE TWO SAN BERNARDINO DAILY SUN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1940 California Wineries Boost Output 1 7,000,000 Gallons to New Record ADVERTISING DRIVE IVES BIG PROBLEM MOVIE COWBOYS TO HELP 'PARD' WHO KILLED FOE Forecasts of 1940 Sales Run Up To 1939 Output, 73,697,000 Gallons, 17 Per Cent Gain 196.' port (By Associated Press) SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 26. Cali fornia wine production Jumped 17,' 000,000 gallons last year, setting a new high record of 73,697,000 gallons, The Industry' specialists here took that announcement today with comments of satisfaction. A little more than six months ago, when In ventories were bedeviling the vint ners, It would have wrought consternation. The changed attitude came from a spectacular 17 per cent sales gain In 1939 over 1938, under impetus of the huge industry advertising campaign. PRODUCTION USED UP 'tth bigger sales, a slightly larg--entory presented no problem. V .... -'ces tending to move up, fi--,- e Inventory was no long-irry. ". secretary-manager 'ite, said forecasts t. : virtually up to ..e production re-- . the institute, after its anm i ...atlstical survey. "If 1940 sales ' are up to present minimum expectations," Caddow remarked, "it will mean that stocks of aging wine during 1940 will be roughly equivalent to a year's consumption of dry wine and less than six months' consumption of sweet wine." VINTNERS PUZZLED Strong preference of the public, in the post-repeal era, for sweet wine resulted in a 1939 output of 53,427,- 000 gallons. That compared with 20,270,000 gallons of dry wine. Public taste, reversed in the prohibition era, continued to favor sweet wine. It still had veteran vintners in the dry win areas puzzled. These veterans who know their wines have been fondly predicting the public would soon drift back to the old preference for dry wines. In 1933 they produced more dry than sweet wine. The next year sweet wine production more than doubled dry wine output and so it has ever since, except in 1938. DRY WINES CUT The 1939 dry wine production de creased slightly, while the sweet wine output Increased nearly 18,000,- 000 gallons. California cellars held 115,846,000 gallons of aging wine, Caddow point ed out an increase of around 2,- 600,000 gallons over stocks at the end of 1938. Total United Slates consumption last year, he noted, was 76,583,000 gallons. That figure included the 64,-583,000 gallons of California wine, and about eight million gallons produced in other states with some four million gallons of foreign wine. The north-central coast counties, home of dry wines, cut production more than 20 per cent. Their outturn was some 13,190,000 gallons all dry. - INCREASE IN SOUTH The Sacramento - San Joaquin counties of the Lodl-Sacramento and surrounding areas boomed output. San Joaquin county turned out more than 15,500,000 gallons, mostly sweet wine, increasing production more than 50 per cent. From Shas-to county in the north to Merced county, output rose. The south San Joaquin valley, from Fresno to Kern county, averaged 60 per cent greater production in 1939 than 1938, with nearly 29 million gallons. Fresno county output neared 16 million. Southern California wineries, led by those in San Bernardino county, produced 7,400,000 gallons, an increase of 1,400,000. m HOUSE UNTIES pise sues FOR FARMERS Roosevelt Sends Radiogram and $60,000,000 Promptly Put In Crop Control Fund ran PLEA CLEAR S TiO Din A wild west shooting In the heart of Hollywood, In which John Tyke, 45, movie cowboy, was killed, reached its climax when another "western" bit player, Jerome Ward, 50, accused of the slaying, was confronted by his tearful wife. This scene was enacted at Hollywood police station, where Ward was held. (Bv United Press) HOLLYWOOD, Feb. 26. Movie cowboy "pards" of Jerome (Blackjack) Ward, bewhiskered Arizona range rider, took up a collection tonight to help him fight a murder charge for shooting John Tyke, another film cowboy. That was one fight that just had to be," said Orie Robertson, veter an Hollywood westerner, "We're all goin' to be on hand to do what we can for Blackjack." Ward in the best movie man ner shot Tyke after an argument in "Gower Gulch," where the picture cowboys wait for work. Bystanders thought they were witnessing shooting of a film until real bullets splattered against buildings. An, inquest will be held tomorrow. Ward explained he was "sorry" to bother police, but that Tyke had been "pestering me." Cowboys indicated they would desert their studio coi ner hangout and go to court to help Ward. PROBE TRACES 'SPnpiN (Continued from Page One) troduced by Clarence Smith, deputy controller. After examining the checks endorsed by Voshell and hotel registration cards, Harrison W. Call, Republican chairman of the commit tee, said "the signature on the check is identical with that on the registration card of the Senator hotel." Jack Mathews, hotel manager, told of observing a wire leading from Garland's room and connecting up with a cable leading into Voshell's room. He also testified cashing the $236.40 check for Voshell on Jan. 3. The check was made payable to Sound Laboratories and was drawn from the governor's special fund. It was signed by M. Stanley Mosk. Vo shell asked us to call Mr. Fhilbrlck, now connected with the state 'x x x. Mr. - Fhilbrick said it was quite okay." He said Voshell registered in the hotel on Feb, 2 and left "at 4 a.m., the 21st." Garland made hie announcement of the finding of the microphone on the floor of the assembly shortly before noon of the 21st. Chambers was asked concerning Voshell's employment by the S.R.A.. He testified that Voshell and Bam- rlck were employed. "I understood he (Voshell) was let out in January. I issued the order that if he still was on the rolls he was not to be kept on." CENSUS QUERY SIS DISPUTE (Continued from Page One) was Dancer and Milliner Squabble Over Hats AUNT IT By ROBERT QU' Peter gets ein better He talks so when he's .obody can i's drinkin i get close ell him." (Bv United Pre?!-) HOLLYWOOD, Feb. 26. A dif ference over hats with Irene Castle McLaughlin, famous dancer, sent Millener Sonya Zaranoff into court today seeking $15,000 damages. Miss Zaranoff asserted the dancer called her hats "terrible." Trial was continued to March 19 to enable the milliner's attorney to familiarize himself with the case. Miss Zaranoff proudly wore one of her hats in court, while Mrs. McLaughlin answered the charges by deposition. the more practical political angle that census taking jobs are lucrative patronage in an election year, and that distribution of these plums will be made by the Democrats. Representative Dewey Short of Missouri, candidate for the Republican vice-presidential nomination and possessor of one of the sharpest tongues in the house, recalled that W.P.A. built a dog pound with showers in Memphis, Tenn., so southern ladies "could give their poodles a bath." "There are some mighty fine people in my district who do not have a shower bath," he said. "But we are not as dirty as some new dealers and do not stink as badly as Harry Hopkins and his crew." He warned that his constituents would answer' requests of census takers for personal information by saying "it is none of your damned business." The government, he said, will have to build a jail on every 40 acres of land to imprison those who rebel. White-haired Representative Clifton, Virginia Democrat, a power on the appropriations committee, bore most of the burden of defending the project. He good-naturedly spanked Republicans for making the census a political issue and noted that many personal questions were asked in the survey of working conditions among women in 1907 when the G.O.P. was in power. . Boy Obtains Trout From Storm Sewer (By Associated Pres) WASHINGTON, Feb. 26. In response to a radiogram from President Roosevelt, the house voted today to make $60,000,000 of next year's agriculture fund available Immediately to keep control checks flowing to farmers. Members of the house appropriations committee reported that the president had approved the transaction in order to replenish the regular $500,000,000 benefit payment fund which has been depleted by increased farmer compliance with crop control plans. A few minutes later they added the $60,000,000 to a $30,069,139 deficiency bill designed to meet emergency needs of va rious government agencies until July 1. Late In the day, the house passed the measure, which now goes to the senate. ERROR IN ESTIMATE Committee members announced that an agreement had been reached with senators that an equal amount would be deducted from the 1941 farm appropriation bill pend ing before the senate appropria tions committee. Secretary of Agriculture Wallace, asserting that the agriculture de partment had underestimated the number of farmers who currently would participate in the A.A.A. pro grams, told the house committee that the transfer would not increase the total of $1,000,000,000 that would be appropriated for the two years. He predicted, however, that it would result in a small decrease in individual payments to farmers in 1941. While the house was consider ing the deficiency bill, Wallace told the senate appropriations committee, which is studying the 1941 appropriation measure, that failure to include money for "parity" pay ments or the equivalent might interfere with control programs, Farm state legislators have talked of voting about $200,000,000 for such payments. ESTIMATES TRIMMED The secretary recently advocated a certificate plan, similar to the old processing tax, as an "equiva lent" for parity payments. (Parity payments are designed to raise farm purchasing power to the 1909-1914 level.) In approving the deficiency bill, the house trimmed $4,020,704 off the president's budget estimates. Meanwhile, the senate passed a $107,079,000 annual appropriation bill for the state, commerce and justice departments. This was $2,-585,000 less than President Roosevelt's budget estimates, and $146,-660 less than was voted by the house. The measure now goes back to the house for action on amend ments. 4 England May Intervene to Save Finland Supreme Court Rejects Appeal Of Convicted Ex-Jurist to Vindicate 'Judiciary' London Wonders Whether F. D. R. Plans New Peace Move in Abri A. I Foreign Diplomats Produce Many Speculative Opinions Aff Welles' Talks With Mussolini and Heir-Apparent (Continued from Page One) (By Associated Press) LOS ANGELES, Feb. 26. Champion tellers of fish stories can move over for Simon Eugene Singling, 8. Simon was playing beside a storm drain in the heart of the city during Sunday's rain when he spied a fish. He seized an iron bar, stunned it and pulled it out. It was a 28-inch speckled trout, weighing eight pounds. In support of his claims he offered the fish and a witness who watched him catch it. The Real News Newsreel By DAVE BOONE Tve been asked to give a definition of a neutral. Well 1. To be a genuine neutral you've got to be small, without much of an army and preferably no navy. 2. You've got to have a record for being honest, clean and peaceful. 3. You've got to be courageous, self-sacrificing and peace loving. 4. You've got to be in the right. 5. You've got to be a symbol of man's right to freedom, of a nation's integrity and of International justice. (Note: When you get to this symbol business you're in a tough spot, In fact you're almost off the deep end.) 6. You've got to be gullible and believe in the promises of big nations including other neutrals to come to your assistance. 7. Just about this time you find yourself surrounded, ambushed, cut off from all escape and conscious only of some faraway voices saying, "So sorry." Just before everything goes black you get a message that the money from the theater benefits and lawn parties Is on the way. 8 You are now a full-fledged neutral within the meaning of Webster's dictionary, the International code and the general understanding, I figure. ing an additional $20,000,000 of non- military American aid within a week to the besieged Finlanders. Unsettled as yet, the military ex perts understood, is the question whether Britain shall conduct the anti-Soviet offensive alone or in concert with its ally, France. The Soviet-French mutual assist ance pact still stands undenounced by either power despite the Soviet'0 adhesion to a pact of economic collaboration and military consultation with Germany. However, information here indicates the French decision will be controlled by military, not diplomatic, considerations. The projected British plan, m understood here, entails the landing of three or more divisions of troops at Murmansk and the bombing of three Russian railways feeding fan-wise from the south into Leningrad. Military experts calculate fewer than a dozen bomber squadrons could cut the railways, assuming the Soviet's anti-aircraft guns are of the same infterlor quality as its field artillery in Finland. While the bombers ruptured supply lines of the estimated 1,000,000 Soviet troops on Finnish soil, the divisions landed under British naval guns at Murmansk would work down the railway towards Yaroslav and Moscow. Thus, the plan envisages the reduction by starvation of Soviet forces on the Karelian isthmus and the creation south of Murmansk of a diversion necessitating withdrawal from the Suomussalml sector of the red divisions striving to cut Finland's "waist line." Military experts understand the British Intend to make no formal war declaration, but Instead will copy the intervention technique the Russians, Germans and Italians used in (the Spanish civil war, i (Bv Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 26. The supreme court today tersely rejected a plea from Martin T. Manton to give him a last chance to vindicate himself "for the honor of the American judiciary." The court refused to hear his ap peal irom a conviction for con spiracy to sell judicial favors when he was senior judge of the federal court of appeals at New York, on which he had served 22 years. Manton was sentenced last June to serve two years in prison and pay a $10,000 fine the maximum sentence under the charge but has been free in $10,000 bail pending final appeal. He might file a peti tion ior a .rehearing by the supreme court within 25 days but the action would not require the New York court to grant him a further stay irom prison. TERSE DENIAL In discretionary matters of this kind, the supreme court is not required to announce the reasons for its actions nor how its nine justices voted, and it did not do so in this case. It rejected the appeal of Manton and George M. Spector, an Insurance agent convicted with him, with the curt notation: "The petitions for writs of cer tiorari in these cases are denied. Mr. Justice Stone and Mr. Justice Murphy took no part in the consideration and decision of these applications." Manton's lawyers had attacked his conviction on 10 technical grounds and argued "from a broad viewpoint it serves no public policy tor a high judicial officer to be con victed of a judicial crime. It tends to destroy the confidence of the people in the courts." FIRM WINS REVIEW "The case started In the New York county district attorney's of fice, by his investigation," they said, "and it is not impossible that in the strife of politics, by newspaper statements and otherwise, petition er has been severely injured. "Petitioner would welcome this court's granting certiorari herein, believing that if petitioner is unafile to clear himself before this court, he deserves any denunciation this court might give." The supreme court did grant a re view to the Apex Hosiery company of Philadelphia, in the case in which it seeks damages from the Amer ican Federation of Full Fashioned Hosiery Workers as the result of a seven-week sit-down strike in 1937 A district court awarded a $711,932 judgment but a federal circuit court of appeals ruled that the union could not be penalized under the anti-trust act because the evidence showed no intent to restrain interstate commerce. C.I.O. LOSES PLEA The supreme court upheld a Min nesota law providing for the exam ination and confinement of any per son "irresponsible for his conduct with respect to sexual matters." Chief Justice Hughes' decision said that "we fully recognize the danger of a deprivation of due process in proceedings dealing with persons charged with insanity or, as here, with a psychopathic personality," but that no abuses had occurred and "we must assume that the Min nesota courts will protect appellant in every constitutional right he possesses." The supreme court also held that a C.I.O. union could not press civil contempt charges against the Con solidated Edison company of New York for alleged violation of & labor board order in which a circuit court of appeals had issued an enforcement decree. Chief Justice Hughes' decision said that only the labor board itself could press the charges. 1 (By United Press) LONDON, Feb. 26. Speculation among foreign diplomats here to night on today's conversations in Rome between Italian Premier Mussolini and the American undersecretary of state, Sumner Welles, cen tered on the possibility that Presi dent Roosevelt may plan to take the initiative in a new peace move during April. MANY OPINIONS A canvass of leading foreign diplomats here, after reports of the Welles conversations with the Italian foreign minister and Mussolini had been received, produced these purely speculative opinions: , 1. That the Italians gave the un dersecretary a "clear indication" of Italy's claims in peace settlements after the war, including Rome's previous demands for Tunisia, Djibouti and the Addis Ababa railway and an equitable share in control of the Suez canal zone. 2. That the conferees discussed their common difficulties in meeting the situation created by the allied blockade of German imports and exports and interference with neutral mails. I 3. That, barring unforeseen acci dents before the end of March, the I move during April after Welles has returned and reported. Every crumb of information and conjecture was seized on including the possibility that Welles is hurrying his trip to Germany because he received from the Italians intimations of a vital nature. OLD HITLER CRY One suggestion was that Mussolini might have intimated that Chancellor Adolf Hitler would consider the allied demand for a restoration of the Czech and Polish states in return for an allied pledge to return Germany's former colonies and enter binding disarmament agreements. In this connection British observers feared that maneuvers may be under way which will result in a revival of the now nearly dormant peace groups in Britain and Fiance. If and when the Russians capture Finland's key city of Viipuri (Viborg) it was thought possible that Welles' presence in Berlin, Paris or London, might coincide with an attempt at mediation of the Russo-Finnish war and that such a development might lead to an extension of the undersecretary's European activities. The mediation effort, of course, would envisage at least a limited Russian victory which London and president envisages a new peace Paris do not desire and might pave the way for a general pe BeiUIIUBIlL. rA.tu.es, jjeo. zo. a semi-oniy French source stated today that present "no mediation or peace fensive, whatever its patrons could be made with any chance success. His statement confirmed pre ously expressed French opinion t Lllti El 111 uuiimi LUUI 1)1 nuni basis for peace negotiations. REPLY TO NEUTRALS 1 11H Ul JHUMIUH II I liei IV WHI A 1 CI 11 1 M I I . I J who yesterday at Copenhagen pressed a hope the European nouin db naitnn norni'A nenvv tip ing begins, that their hope was tion tne united states snenitira but the phrase whatever Its bracing. ine npnpssiiv nr nsHiinntr t : i . . b i before the evident interest there in tne return or nrnsnenrv nnri t frpfldnm nnd apfuiritv nf rnmrndrw i e i. ci-.ji-.ii i i- iciiiiiK iu ouauuuiavia a uuavy Bill ping losses. REDS ADVANCE UPON VIIPUR (Continued from Page One) Herbert Marshall of Films Weds Actress fBv Assnriated Press) LAS VEGAS, Nev., Feb. 26 Actor Herbert Marshall and Lee Russell, screen actress, were married here tonight. It was the second marriage for both. Edna Best, first wife of Marshall, obtained a divorce here Feb. and on the same day married her agent, Nat Wolff. first line defenses as well as the eastern half of the isthmus to Tai- pale on Lake Ladoga. Pointing to the "exacting toll" taken from the Russian forces in Sunday's attacks, one Finnish officer said that is the basis of Fin land's fight against far more numerous forces. To defend and fall back gradually whenever necessary to save men explained the with drawal from the first line, he said. He added this procedure would go on for months. Even if the Soviets take deserted Viipuri they face a new series of defenses if they choose to carry on the drive toward Helsinki. Russian bombers flew over parts of Finland again. Rlihimaaki, Kuo-vola, Lahtl, Hanko, Turku and a number of smaller towns were bombed yesterday. There were four alarms in Helsinki, two of them after dark. The story of Koivisto was told officially in the terse opening sen tence of the high command communique. "On the isthmus (of Karelia) our troops have given up the Koivisto islands," it said. That was all. Welles Breaks Down JL (Continued from Page One) (By United Press) SVANVIK, Norway, On the Finnish Frontier, Feb. 26. The biggest battle of the Russo-Flnnish war in the Petsamo region has been raging all day, according to reports which reached the Norwegian-Finnish border tonight. It was reported that large num bers of Russian bombers were attacked and engaged by Finnish pursuit planes and bombers, with the Finns shooting down a num ber of Russian planes. Honors Awarded to Canine Film Stars so-called "have-not" nations must be taken into consideration if a stable peace is to be established, and in formed circles believed a renewed offer of help would receive a cordial reply. Associates of Welles described his talk with Mussolini as "pleasant and cordial." Vatican authorities said the shortness of his stay in Rome probably would preclude an audience with the pope, at least until he returns from his trip to Berlin, Paris and London, Welles is traveling to Germany by way of Switzerland and may stop off at Berne before continuing to Berlin, where it is expected he will confer with Adolf Hitler and For eign Minister Joachim von Rlbben-trop. Welles' activities held the center of the stage and no great activity from Taylor was expected until the undersecretary's tour has had a chance to bear fruit. Taylor is the president's personal representative, charged with coordi nating white house peace efforts with those of the pope, though there are no formal diplomatic relations between Washington and the Vatican. The last American minister to the Vatican was Rufus King, served from 1861 to 1867. Taylor will be received, however with almost as much ceremonial ited ambassador. TalnM fen- ... I 1 X. dAnt an 41iaa ..rill V n 4l.n .,, T.nmRrv KXRnn.ne-A nr rnrmn speeches. In effect, the meeting will be nrivata fludipnrn eranteA hv thn pope. His main iob arrears to observ ers to be behind-the-scenes listen ing while serving as a go-between for the president and the pope. Taylor paid his first formal call today on Luigi Cardinal Maglione, the papal secretary of state, to ar range his audience with the pope. Tonight Welles was the guest of Ambassador Phillips at a dinner at tended by members of the embassy staff. Because of war-time enmities two functions were arranged so that Welles could meet leading diplomats tomorrow. The British and French ambassa dors, Sir Percy Lorraine and Andre Francols-Poncet, have been invited for lunch with other diplomats and their wives. The German ambassador, Hans Georg von Mackensen, has been in vited to tea later at Phillips' home. Finn War Flag Flies Defiantly in Viipuri (Continued from Page One) (By Associated Press) HOLLYWOOD, Feb. 26. Holly wood's canine scene-stealers have stolen a march on the two-footed stars in the matter of "Oscars." It will be Thursday night before the statuettes of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences are awarded. But the dogs already have theirs. "Mr. Astra," of "The Thin Man" fame, walked off with the male act ing prize Sunday at special judging conducted by the "Tail-Waggers," an organization of dog lovers, under direction of Hugh ("Woo-Woo") Herbert, its president. The feminine decision went to "Daisy," star of the "Blondie" series. The awards? Miniature bronze fire plugs, with gold bands. tered only the wicked little snub- nosed air fighters which the Russians took from an American proto type, moving constantly over the countryside, machine-gunning every thing that moved or showed signs of concealing life. We drove along the highway just before dawn. Refugees were going westward. Viipuri had been evac uated completely for several days but in the farm districts outside were piles of furniture, bags and bundles in the snow, waiting to be taken away. We saw a few sledges filled with families heading west. FARMHOUSE GUNNED Waiting for a chance to enter the city, we stood out of sight under trees while three Russians fighters flew overhead and machine-gunned a farmhouse from which an officer was telephoning for orders. The fighters had seen a little smoke is suing from the chimney. At last we started into Viipuri, driving fast along the road which is under intermittent shellfire with our car windows open as protection Four Indian Tribes Unite in Order Barring Swastika as Their Symbol against concussion. We stuck our heads out into the zero cold to watch for fighter planes in the cloudless sky, What was once Finland's gayest city, a center for lake country tourists, contained no living thing but some sentries and a few other soldiers, and some pigeons. There waa almost complete silence. We inspected the town on foot, since a car could not be used on many streets piled high with snow, abandoned furniture and the debris of houses which fell into the roadways. Bombs and shells have made the city the worst picture of devastation in Finland. There is neither water nor electric light. Street car wires lis useless in the snow beside the tracks. Great trees in the central park are torn down and lie in shell holes. CATHEDRAL RUINED The great Lutheran cathedral has a large hole in its roof and most windows are gone. The clock in the fine white tower of another church surprisingly gave the right time 2:15 p.m. The railroad station was undamaged, except for loss of a few windows. Just before we entered the town three British fighting planes flew overhead. An officer turned to me and said, "That's what we need to keep a town like Viipuri. alive." Foreign planes have begun to ar rive in the past few wool from (By United Press) TUCSON, Ariz., Feb. 26. Four Arizona Indian tribes joined today to ban the swastika sign of friendship among tribesmen for centuries from their weaving and pottery because it had been made a "symbol of oppression" by German Nazis. After a solemn ceremony at an Indian celebration here, representatives of the Navajo, Apache, Hopl and Papago tribes affixed their signatures to a large sheet of parch-. ment at the top of which was a huge swastika that had been crossed out. The document read: "Because the above ornament, which has been a symbol of friendship among our forefathers for many centuries has been desecrated by another nation of peoples: "Therefore it is resolved that henceforth from this date on and forever more our tribes renounce the use of the emblem commonly known today as the swastika, or fylfot, on our blankets, baskets, art f objects, sand paintings and cl ' Ing." After the signatures were affi to the resolution, a basket, a blai and various pieces of clothing orated with the swastika -sprinkled with colored sand Navajo sand painters and burnt . The Indians were the sec group in Arizona to denounce 1 of the swastika emblem. The . zona national guard last year continued the use of the swai ' and adopted the thunderblrd slg . Its official emblem. many countries. Tl Spvnia-Marchettls, G r ,. , teadily. Tr. t ive Viipuri. .W,000l " eaches, . . i ;( ts, n- 30 ie i (By Assoclati l ANGELES, K-.b 10,000,000 pi '' eaches last J ii partment sa iccurred. LI -ided, rescue uuee .iien as women, (VI-hs : ea-i M gls re-

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