The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 20, 1949 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Tuesday, December 20, 1949
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FACT EIGHT THE BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEWS CO. H. W. HAiNES Publisher JAMES LL VERHOEFF Editor PAUL D. HUMAN, Advertising BLYTHKVn.I.E (AHK.) COURIER NEWS 8o!» Natlonw Advertising Representative*: W»ll«c« Wltmei Co, New Vork, Clxlcaeo. Detroit. Atlanta, Memphis. Entered at Kcond class matter at the post- «fflc« lit BlyUievUle, Arkansas, under act o) Con- irew, October 8, 1811. Member of The Associated SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier to the city ol Blythevllle or anj •uburban town where carriei service U oiaixi- tained, 20c per week, or 85c pel month By mall, within i radius ol 50 miles tl.OO pci year, 12.00 lor sut monies. $1.00 toi three monUu: by mall outside 60 mile tone (10.00 per vear payable In advance. Meditations So Christ n.i». once offered to bear the sips of nt^ny; and unto thrm thai loflk for him shall he appear ilif fcroud lime ivilhout sin unto Miration.—Hebrews 9:28, » » » Our sins are debts that none can pay but Christ. It is not our tears, but His blood; it is not oiir sighs, but His sufferings, that can testify for our sins. Christ must pay all, or we are prisoners forever.—Thomas Brooks. Barbs A clock in an Ohio town has been, running j-mce 1894. Alaybe it thinks it's a politician. » • * The braggart should be fippod off that just ».i spring conies before Hie simmicr. pride comes before (he fall. • • • TliMe are the days when the kids are helping with the dishes again—In the hope that Mom and Dad will come clean on Christmas Day. • * * It Is said that sun spots sometimes stop radios, but nothing In nature seems to be able In slop • commercial plufr, • * • An ex-lighter was arrested on » worthies! check charge, rrom diving to bounchlngl Colleges Need Funds For Social Research Government and industry this year are giving 200 colleges and. universities about $125,000,000 for research, according to a New York Times survey. That's fin increase of about 500 per cent over prewar years. But the picture isn't as rosy as it seems. In the first place, soaring costs .haven't spared the schools. A million dollars doesn't buy as much research as it did in 1939. Administrative expenses especially have risen sharply, and often research grants make no allowance for them. The colleges have to loot the added bill. There's another big worry. The lion's share of the money goes for projects in the so-called applied sciences—fields where effort is toward finding practical application of principles already discovered in earlier fundamental research. Even where funds are made available for basic studies, the feeling is that scientists will tend to steer their researches into avenues that may lead to practical results, because they know money is thus more likely to be granted. The danger in all this attention to the practical is that fundamental studies vital to the expansion of the frontiers of knowledge may be neglected. Findings that today may appear remote from practical use suddenly take on value when linked with other discoveries or new needs. Scientists fear that some important fields of study may be stagnated unless funds for "pure research" come to the colleges without strings. Most grants these days specify how the money shall be used, rather than leaving thai question to the college scholars who may know far better where it is needed. School authorities are disturbed by the tendency of fund-givers to emphasize the necessity for quick solutions to major scientific problems, like cures for cancer or polio. The givers sometimes act as if they won't be satisfied their money has been welt spent unless answers are found within their mu , lifetimes. Desirable as this may seem off-hand It is not always the bust approach to a serious scientific puzzle. In the end funds given for pure research might prove the wisest and fastest way'to achieve a cure for cancer. Money graut- > cd for specific undertakings related to known principles might turn out to be largely wasted. A further fact dimming the research picture: too little money goes for exploration in the social sciences. Many schools tret no grants at all for studies in economics, politics, and sociology. They limp around with what funds Ihcy can divert from tuition revenues normally consumed in administrative and other operations. The fine irony Jn [his situation luis often been noted. We spend untold millions to develop new inventions for both pence and war. I n the case of the atom bomb it was billions. Vet we virtually ignore the crying need for new social techniques to cope with these great creations. And so we fumble and grope, and perhaps blunder badly, before we finally Jcarn how to use the things the scientist puts in our hands. Research in social affairs ought to go himd in hand with advancement in the physical sciences. Wanted: a man with $10,0(10,000 who will give the whole package to some university for social iiu'csligalttwi that might help up keep abreast of tlie frightening products of our laboratories. Call for a Sharp Chisel John L. Lewis has been chipping O ff some small fragments from the bis? stubborn block of coal operators resisting his demands. A number of small producers, accounting for u tiny Traction of yearly soft coal output, have signed up to pay Lewis' miners higher wages and make heavier welfare fund payments. 'there is no indication yet lliat this process will dislodge any big segments of the industry. Leading operaU/rs profess to be undisturbed. Kobert K. i'oujig, chairman of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, is trying to net as peacemaker. Maybe he can gel somewhere; he made quite n dent in the railroad industry. But the stuff of which Lewis and the operators are made doesn't dent easily. Views of Others Poverty and Politics ~~~ Over 8,000,000 families nnd individuals outside family circles in the United Slates will receive money incomes of less than 51,000 a year. So says a subcommittee ot the Joint Congressional Committee on the Economic neport. The American family averages about four members --those with low income.? unfortunately more. So several million family groups of upwards of five individuals are getting by somehow on less than $3 in cash a day. Granted that perhaps 3.000,000 of these "consumer units" dwell on farms and get part of their food and shelter by their own labor without the mediation of money. Granted that today's figures are immeasurably belter than those ot depression years, when almost half of all American family incomes were under $1.000. still, the picture offers no grounds for complacency. A good 15 years ago, when the dollar would buy twice HS much as today, f ive responsible agencies engaged in social research made independent estimates of (he family income necessary to maintain a ••minimum level of health and decency." The avera B e of tile five came close t o 5,2,000 x year. There are, of course, obvious political overtones. The statistics could be used to argue for flic program of the "Fair Deal." But these overtones have their counterpart toward the other end of the scale. Too many comfortable Americans never Jet themselves sec all tlvo way down the economic ladder, and define the "workhiBman" In terms of the unionized craftsman who builds their new houses at S 20 a day. That is one reason why the Republican Party is still crying in the wilderness. Because a third, perhaps, of Americans live distressingly below the generally accepted national standard is insufficient reason for enacting a vast medical program embracing everyone, or social security, or farm supports aimed at subsidizing a comfort level. On Ihe other hann. branding as "statism" every attempt to bring certain necessaries willun rcncli of the really poor, to insure them against some of tlie calamities in mortal existence, or to achieve a better distribution of a bountiful national income is not only futile politics; It is likewise meager humanity. —CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR SO THEY SAY We want to check up on health Insurance programs abioad to see if our proposition is wrong in any way and find out what mistakes ttiey'vc made and avoid them if possible.—Fcetrral Security Administrator Oscar Ewing, on compusiory insurance. * * * The longer range problem is not one ol in- Ilation but of deflationary pressures due in tuer- inoductinn and due to inability to distribute our abundant production among the people.—Marrmcr S. Eccle:-, former chairman of Federal Reserve system. * * * I'm not in politics. I haven't been In politics and I'm not going to bo.—Dwigllt D. Eisenhower. • * * • The nucslion we are to face frankly is whether our economy can stand (Ihe) tremendous bur- rim <of rira.h.ns for workers! without dpterrms Inriu.Ury a .<. ilc j| as (he ^rfc,,,- a , lt ) reducing loo much i he worker's standard of sauug.—Sen. Ruben A. T £ ;I ,n> ohio. • » * N'o matter whirb, party Is In power here, we can balance our budget only by sacrilicing Western Kuropc. and with it Ihe rest of the world, to rommimis,,, an,) the tender, mercies ol Soviet Russia.—.)am ( . s Roosevelt, candidate for Brmo- cratic gubernatorial nomination In California. What a Brood! TUESDAY, DECEMBER 20. 1949 Hunger in China Poses Problem For the Hew Communist Regime PETER EDSONS Washington News Notebook Wartime Shipments of Uranium Salt To Russia of Little Scientific Value WASHINGTON —(NBA)— New testimony on possible wartime shipment* of uranium salts from the U.S. to Soviet Russia presents a tantalizing mystery. It win probably be impossible to find any medium who can contact the late Harry Hopkins in the spirit world as easily as the Russian embassy could get him on the wire in Washington. So about the only person who might have shed any light on the nn.se was. Lt.-Gen. Leslie Groves commander of the Manhattan Engineer District, which supervised development of the bomb." But his testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities didn't end the controversy by a long shot. The present Aatomic Energy Commission has a hard rule, against commenting on MED affairs. As disclosed by senior investigator Louis J. Russell and ex-Air Force •MaJ. George Racey Jordan before Ihe House Un-American Activities Committee, two Lcnd-Lcasc shipments of uranium salts were made by air through Great Falls. Mont and Fairbanks. Alaska. One of the atomic secrets revealed at the end nf the war concerned this fact, that the Russians had requisitioned some uranium compounds through the Lenri-Lease Administration. There was considerable argument at the time over whether to give them any or not. If the request were refused, It might nrouse Russian suspicions that the U.S. government was trying to develop an atomic bomb. Threw a lied Herring The decision was finally made to give the Russians » little material —not enough to do them any good —just enough to quiet their curiosity and make them think the United States attached no particular importance to uranium products. In the light of lostimotlj now being disclosed, the ruse wr a complete failure. Investigator Russell's statement Is that ou Feb. I, 19+3, the Russian Purchasing Commission in Washington requisitioned 220 pounds of uranium oxide, 220 pounds of uranium nitrate and 25 pounds of uranium metal. TJie figures In the Russian requisition nre o( particular interest They are not just accidental numbers, AS the otfical Smyth Report on nuclear fission was to disclose m 19«. the "critical mass" of fissionable material necessary for an atomic explosion "is generally re _ garded as between one and 100 poS mS -" Th ' S ' S UV ° t0 22 ° The Russians may therefore have thought they knew how much to ask for to make a bomb. But they may also have been a little mixed up in their intelligence reports and their chemistry. As the Smyth Re- Port also explains, this critical mass of from two to 220 pounds of fissionable material would have to be separated from 140 times as much natural uranium. The uranium oxide ami uranium nitrate are natural uranium or uranium salts. So what the Russians go in their first shipment of -MO pounds was one-HOth of fissionable I'ramum. This would be a little over three pounds, assuming they could Bet 100 per cent extraction Mystery Goes Beeper Another interesting detail is that when the order was fillel, only 20D pounds of uranium oxide were shin- [ped. instead of the 220. The 25 pounds of uranium me'.al which the Russians asked for could nave been used in experiments on conversion into Plutonium—the op- w al fc" harrietl on »t 'he Hanford Wash., atomic energy plant, Whether It would have been enough to do the Russians any good is beside the point. Because there Is no record this order was ever .filled But the Russians soon discovered their mistake in not asking for enough natural uranium salts'to do thrm any good. On March 10 1043 they requisitioned ".several inns" O f uranium nitrate and uranium oxide There wasn't tlu.t much available' as by this time all U.S. supplies were reserved for the government. The Russians were able lo buy SOD pounds of each salt from Canada however, and they were shipped' through Great Falls by air. ruarded by machine guns, according to Major Jordan. ' The Russians made another Inquiry through thp U.S. War Production Board for from 10 to 15 toils of uranium salt* in August ji) !3 By (hat time the Canadian "ovcrn- ment had also stopped sales, so the Russians go no more. .J!":, shipments it Is now known that the Russians did get amounted to 1420 pounds. This was enou-h for not over 10 pounds of fissionable uranium. The 2500 pounds Major Jordan talks about includes the weight of the containers. The DOCTOR SAYS Up until lately not much could be done to prevent pain. If a soldier was injured on the battlefield, he had to stand the pain until nature look It away. If a limb had to come off the surgeon removed It as fast as possible or Ihe patient fainted. The victim of toothache had to grin nnd bear it until the tooth was removed. Nowadays we take for ftrantct the riiiicK and almost complete relief from almost any kind of pain — as soon as a doctor can be brought to the scene. Usually this expectation of relief can be grantee promptly, thanks to the discovery of a whole group of drugs which re- di'rc pain or cause unconsciousness The drugs which lessen pain are called analgesics. Ancienls Used Morphine One of the oldest analgesics •.-, morphine. Aspirin is a kind of mild analgesic drug, and there are mauv others Anesthetics are supposed to eliminate pain altogether. The general anesthetics cause unconsciousness— the pain Just Is not felt at all. In this group are Included several antes—etlier. ctliylenc, chloroform and laughing sa s, or nitrous oxide Srmie (Inters which have this anesthetic effect can be Inleclcd into the veins rather than Inhaled. Of course, all the general anes- B.v OeWIll .MacKcnzle A I- I'orc-isn Affairs Analvsi he winter momhs wlllch -" have most of China In, their icy 5 n .^,f,y. e ,,,, 1 * C ! 5 :_ t ° sa far toward Chinese determining wirether llle umnes Communists can consolidate thei the to thctics must lie given great care, as II, is no simple matter to take away consciousness for long periods of time. General anesthesia however, is one of the great boons to humanity It permits operations and manipulations which would formerly have been impossible he- cause of the pain. Local anesthetics are substances v.'hich cause absence of pain in a local area for a long enough period of lime to allow painful procedures to he carried out at the same time that (he patient Is fully conscious Most of these are given by injection through a needle. For certain kinds of operations local anesthetics are better than the general ones. • • • Note: Dr. Jordan is unable to answer individual questions Irom reaciers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions In his column. QUESTION: Is there anything n-ron? when taking iron capsules for thin blood which causes the waste from the bowels to be black? ANSWER: This is normal. The elimination of iron In the causes a black coloration. stool , sweeping military victory over the Nutiunali.st icgune. The problem has ceased unmanly a military me Chiiina Kal-Sliok I S mepar °to continue guerrilla warfare thrmioh out the length and breadth 0°!^ country. H has become cheiiiv nn Uioo-ecoiioinic— with emphasis de" cidedly oti the economic. Communist Lender M u o Tze Tung now is faced with the m O nii,t mental task of providing the sinewff of life for approximately one fourth of the world's population. These millions are scattered over a land which is one third greater than continental United states _ a vast area that has been impoverished by long years of war, Hunger Kcjiorlcd in Sunie Areas Many pruts of China are hun"ry and ill cquijjed to meet the winds of winter. And the Chinese, jjke the rest of humanity, think with their bellies when hunger overtakes them. The Chinese Communists have led the horse to water, and now have to innhc it drink. They realize what they are up against, for the Red New China News Agency in dispatch from Pcipiug admits that the Communists are In serious economic and financial 'difficulties. This message quoted General M ao as saying: •'Our situation can be generalized is follows: there are difficulties silt there are ways and means and there is hope." Fred Hampson, veteran AP cor- res|K>ndent in China, reports: "Inflation is rampant again, price controls have broken down. Discontent is widespread in both cities and countryside. Unemployment, is at dangerously high levels. Taxes ire high and getting higher. There ire reports already of food shortages in some districts. There still enough food in the cities." ^ Emphasis on Economy 4| Hampson says that 60 to 80 per cent of the Chinese he has polled who were opposed to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's Kuomlntang are opposed also to the Communists. What is the significance of that? Well I should say It fits in with our Idea that the masses think with their bellies when times ara hard. The Chinese masses aren't politically conscious, but they are economically conscious. They guags government by what life give them in the way of necessities under that regime, and by the amount of taxation saddled onto them. I diamond.'; a nd three club tricks, j That is two short of your contract. "That means you will have to try and figure an extra diamond trick." said Harry, "but that will only be twelve tricks. YQJI will have to squeeze somebody for the thir- lcm "'-" J maintain, so. far as possible. .. If you play the ten of spades from blockade to prevent the Reds from Chiang Kai-Shek has set up his government on the big island of Formosa, and proposes to guerrilla, activties from there. He also will IN HOLLYWOOD Bj Erskinc Johnson KA Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD —(NEA1— Howard Hughes' advertising campaign on the Ingrid Bert-man film •Stromboli." will scream: -nils IS IT!" The ads will further in-| form you that Ingrid was "in- [ ipired" by the direction of Roberto Rosbcllini. Doth will share equal 1 billing (the same si'/.c type). Barbara Stanwyck, nominated our tunes, has never won an Os•ar. "Maybe this year." she says, i 'I'll get a door prize for constant iitendancc." * • • Marilyn Maxwell and Andy Mc- :ntyre will tic Ihe marriage knot his month. Andy says they'll be married out of" town and then hrow a party when they return. Sn Tii.iny people Imvc the idea Ihiil Larry Parks must have .Tcllson! to do his .sfngtne for him. I'nrks Is] a trifle irkrd when asked: "llri you' stile jmirsrlf?" He recently frcnrd- cd l\vn numbers for M-G-M re-1 curds with lifs wife Kelly Gnrrrtl, j tilled. "Side hy .Side," mill "Kcckoni Tin in I.ovc." | The Andrew Sisters lake a lot of good-natured ribbing, but no j one kids them the way they rib j themselves. Maxine rushed up to I Patty, exclaiming. "Hey, Kid. I've! lost four potmrls." patty came back \ »ilh: "Turn around, honey, I think I I've found It." Siring Is Believing ' Producer Alex Gottlieb and writer Krn Engiund have come up with a new twist tor a musical in "Two Tickets to Broadway." It goes bc- 'oie the cameras soon at RKO. They claim it's the first musical fince "Cover ciirl" without a single backstage cliche. "We've invented a whole new set of cliches," laughs Alex., "We made u list of all the things 'hat shouldn't happen." says Ken. "Like the show must go on and culling ii'om the story to an act that doesn't belong In the picture." "So what happens?" I asked •Nothing," said Alex, ducking Actually plenty happens. S«ys Alex: "We're going to show tiic real Broadway and a comic with Ins jokes down. Hollywood is five years behind Broadway in musicals Were going to mnke one as good as a Brodway hit." Alex says Jane Russell will sine a couple of songs if Howard Hughes co-Mars her with Bob Mitchuii i" 'Macoa." I asked him what sh would sing. "Oh." he said, "H couple of low- cut songs." McKENHEY ON ERJDGE By William E. McKcnncy America's Card Authority Written for M:A Scrvirc Squeeze Plan Often Gels Extra Tricks Do you like to figure out problem hands? If you do, here is one that ! you can phiy around with most of ' the evening. Where dirt it come I ihe BUI Boyi. will be Biu g Crosby's "«io guest, next week. Another "I.; 'Morrow) is at work on the Plot or n, E Crosby-Boyd movie . . wh J 1 ,* tar Frnnk s »"<istrom «ho broke from D. O. Seb.nick •''"lie time back, Is readying a ^5,. version and Inlcr a Iil m plot. "t Franz Kafka's novel. "The Tiral " . . No possibllly ot a reconciliation for jean Wallace and franchot Tone. He'll hit key cities «>n a io,, r with "The Man on the titfcl rower." He's the man on the hook—it's hi s money. Early Start The educational influence- Letter Irom a,, ll-yrar-old to Colin Miller Producer of "A Kiss for Corliss"-' i m glad I jaw your picture. I'm corns to be a teenager soon and '•oiv 1II know how to kls? girls " Trm pus f,, s i,. s , „ „.„ nn)v a '<jw yrars SRO that .lane o'rccr PI-l>t(] a minor rpk ill •'Slllbail, "ic Sailor," which starred Maureen O'llara. K,, w Jrulc , 5 a bUr in her own right anrt |,, rncd donll S»"s of the MiSkclccrs." which Maurmi accepts. B,,i wli.n docs « mpan? Olivia dc Havillanrl and injrirt lirrjman both turned rtown I He 1 armor's Daughter," which won an O sc»r fpr Lorctla young. dummy at trick one. you will not be able to make seven diamonds. According to the little black book, here is the play the hand should be played. Win the first trick with the ace of spades in dummy. Ruff the five of hearts with the nine of diamonds. Play the deuce of diamonds and win in dummy with the eight. Ruff the .seven of hearts with the ten of diamonds. Lead the jack of diamond.-; and overtake in dummy with the queen. RuII the king of hearts with the king of diamonds. Cash the ace of diamonds and the king of spades. Lead the four of clubs and win in dummy with the king. )W you will be. down getting supplies by water. The Nationalist government li iuithoritively stated to be ready to make sweeping reforms on Formosa, to win American economic and dipid lomatic assistance in defending tht' island aganst Red attacks. Should the Communists succeed In capturing this strategic island It would, of course-, solve many of'thclr immediate difficulties. Comes next spring a iu| we shall know a lot more about the future of China. 75 Years Ago In Blvtheville— Dr. and Mrs. Paul L. Tipton and sen. Dick, will go to Senath. Mo., have underlined. When ''oVplay \ "as I'aTty^Eiv^VcaclTvMr by" the le-iv <n? T°Tf^ E " 5t " h ° |1C - H Douglas cousins, one of whom lessly squeezed. If he discards the I Is Mrs. Tipton Queen of spades, your spades are good, while if he icls go a club. your three clubs will be good. You may think that the hand can be made if you cover the nine of spades with the ten at trick one; but I think you will find that Harrys little black book is this will lose the tirnin; hand. correct— on the Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Hearn announce the birth of a daughter Monday at the family residence. Fred Saliba will leave Monday fur California where he will attend the Alabama - Stanford football game in the Rose Bowl. Pasadena on New Year's day. nnd visit, relatives in Hollywood Tor two weeks. On the Air V/aves Answer to Previous Puzzle A A 10 S 7 V K 7 S " Fishhcin * K3_2 V N'one » A K,I in 02 * AQS I Rubber—Neither yul. South West N'orth 2 » 2» 2 A 3 A Pass -1 » S * Pass fi f, 7 » Pass P.IJS Opening—A 0 Kast Pass I'.ISS Pass Pass 20 31 E;iis!le from? Out ol Harry Piihbcin's little "black book." which r liavc often . told you about. When Harry gets a very unusual hand, he' jots it duwn ] in this book, which he refuses to show to anoyne. When the hand has been in the booh lunj enough! to become mellow with ace, you ran i go to Harry and he will df liver it I with proper ceremony. I When I asked Harry (or n hand at the Mayfair Bricinc club the other night, he went aver in a <x.r- ncr and finally came back with today's hand. Can you inakc seven diamonds? You can count two spadM, six IIOIUZONTAJL 4 AlTirmative l,5Dopiclcd 5 Soothsayer actress fi Hours (ab.) 10 Separated 1 Symbol for 12 Mistakes iridium 14 Goddess of. 8 Cooking infatuation uiensil 15 Wise men 0 Jail 17 Point 10 Time gone by 18 Senior (ab.) 11 Rebound 19 Through 13 Bridge 20 Symbol tor 16 Goddess of samarium the earth 21 Small child 22 Waver 23 Eternity 23 Involve 24 Negative word25 Carry (coll.) 26 Girl's name 26 Mimics 27 Toward 28 Pint (ab ) 29 Size oT shot 30 Babylonian deity 11 Sheltered side 32 Slight taste 34'Weighl of India 35 Column 37 Near 33 Rude small house 41Ot the thing •12 Follower 44 Small candle 46 Arrive (ab.) 17 Made of groin 49 Country 51 Sho performs on the 52 Bird's home VERTICAL I Motherly woman • 2 Exist 3 Rieht (ab.) A Me BE E A[R E RID S Ill 33 Talking bird' 34 Levantine ketch 36 Gull-like bird 38 Aureola 39 Preposition 40 Number 43 Age 44 Oriental porg 45 Sped 46 Three-toed sloths 48 Diminutive o! - Ectgar . 5i) Symbol foe tellurium 18 55 41

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