The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada on August 3, 1948 · Page 26
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The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada · Page 26

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Issue Date:
Tuesday, August 3, 1948
Page 26
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'.- I -t 2S THE OTTAWA JOVXSAU TTESDAT. AUGUST S. IUI. BudehzSaystommunists in U.S! 1 ,orn- I WASHINGTON. Auk: 2 VP) A "'considerable"" Red fifth-column .'has wormed t its "way into the United States Government, Senate inve; ti-gators were, told today" Iby Louis Budenz, former Q munis t editor. ... And while some Col munis ts are Mconfusjd, enough to believe their loyalty is to the United States, he went on, the -majority of party members would stand .with Russia in case of wir. - The party aim, Budenz asserted, !.-. to, ."rve Moscow's purpose of world domination.. lncludinc "dominance of the Soviet Gov eminent of Russia, over . .United States" The "party Itself. " he said, is a Soviet "fifth-column". Sensational Story. . -' Budenz five that sweeping outline of Communist . goals and 'tactics in testimony to a Senate expenditures, sub-committee. He aid he had "every reason to be-, 2ieve"Va sensational espionage story previously told to the eorn- . mi t tee by Elizabeth BenUey. Miss Ben Uey-."telUng' of wr- tune activities as a Soviet secret . "agent. named dozens of-United States officials and employes, 'all the way to the White House. las sources of a flood of secret information she said she collected, '"' Badena furnished a moment f drama In today's hearing when lie tarned tn the witness 1 - chair to Identify the 40-year-old blonde Vaaaar graduate aa "a woman ha knew as a treated ' KasalJui agent." "t - '-'. , -.He' said she was so Introduced ' to aim by the late Jacob Co lot. Uui Bentley "rose and smiled acknowledgment 'of the IdenUA-- cation. She .has Identified Golos, ' with 'whom' she said (she was in love, as a central cog in the Soviet espionage, machine in America!; Today Budenz added another line to the Golos picture by najn-tng him as head of a Communist party control commission. That a gency's function, . he ' said, j la keeping party- members In line . and administering discipline, i - But Golos' group, Budenz went on. was only ,one of a number operating .in the United States. And he said, they were "vlgilaat" ' at getting members Into Govern . snent posts. - ' - j -Asked -directly- by Senator Homer Ferguson (Rep. Mich.), chairman of the sub-committee. whether the Reds art penetrating Government, Budenz replied: ' . "I know they were when I was . active. They have a number of . methods. ; One is by their unit here in Washington seeing that people get Into Government. This unit has been, very vigilant iln that" v v - At another point In his long testimony Budenz asserted: There was eonaldermble pen- etrailoa into the Government. 1 wnldn't want to become naq-Icky and nay It was everwhelm-tng. bat it was considerable.' I Questioned about courier work of the sort Miss Bentley said she was doing. Budenz said ha knew "a couple" of others who did the Bame sort of thine and believed '.there were many. T ' rr- Subject to Discipline. . The witness, one-time editor of the Communist newspaper Daily 1 Worker, who now teaches eco nomics at Fordham University In New York, said party members are. subject to a sort of discipline Incomprehensible to the Ameri can mind. r ' "The Communist party has a slogan", he said. "It Is, You can never resign voluntarily from the party, you must always bo ex pelled'." ! That discipline, ha said, la administered by every measure from blackmail- for the re.-Inetant to character aaaaaaina-' tlon far rebels. - - And ha said Golos "control" eemmlttea kept complete Information on party members for that' purpose Including records of members family affairs, 'asaoelaUona,' financial. aft airs. The control committee was a highly secret organization even within the party, he said.. Discipline la so. strict, ha went on, that a party member la not allowed even to ask questions. When told to .contact someone, Budenz . said, the Communist worker must not inquire about that person's Identity unless it is essential to bis mission. Neither, he said, may the party member question any conclusion passed on to him, and "any order! given to you by a superior has to be carried out". In addition to the ring headed by Golos at the 'time Budenz avaa active, the former editor said. another - big one was. under Eugene .Dennis, party secretary, one of a dozen party leader re cently Indicted by a Federal grand Jury in New York. -.The Dennis ring's principal concern at the time, Budenz said, was watching agents of the Office of Strategic Services, wartime United States espionage ' agency. Golos group, he went on, also was Interested m the OSS, but was mainly interested la United States agents abroad. . Another Important ' wheel v la the machine, Budenz said, was the secret party finance committee. Badena declared that Holly- .'wood produced "a very big financial take" for the party, i He said the take was? so big there was a row la the party about it The California .district wanted to keep the money for Itself, ho aald. but the finance committee took over and ruled that It must eomo to headquar- . ten and bo distributed. ' - While Budenz was on the stand before the ' expenditures . sub committee, Bernard S. Redmont, one- of ' those named by Miss Bentley as among her Government Information, sources. Issued a statement of denial. Many Df the others on her list had done so previously. Redmont said he is not now and never has been a Communist "as evferyone who knows me will attesfl v ' . . . He said ha assumes Miss Beat- ley lsl the woman he knew aa Helen Johnson at a time when he was a news editor la the office of Ihe co-ordlnator of i Inter- American affairs. But he quoted her as saying she. never got any- Australia to Aid Berlin Air-Lift CANBERRA, Aug. 3. (Reuters) Australia will offer 10 Dakota aircraft to Britain to assist lea the- air-lift now supplying.' blockaded Western Berlin, Prime Minister Joseph B. Chlefley announced today O Walker's From Your rYsWr-Grooef. t& SiweVWre get ting HIE mm Try Qui tig in To VJSV famous ' i - ; see snow iresn ana and cleat ryoun clothes Come back. ' ; AUGUST skirts (plain) - SWEATERS DRESSES . . - '(plain). v- SPECIALS TROUSERS ': , (odd) . . SLACKS SUITS (S or S pieces) For Quiclf Pick-up Telephone) Your Nearest Parker Depot or 2-1751 City Hull and Suburban K -t - -: Jj? . ff&Y , i r thing Important from him and he agreed. v. He said aha interviewed him three. or four times about radio programs for Latin America, identifying herself as a newspaper reporter and researcher. All he gave her, he said, was what she could have obtained by listen ing to the radio. That was all the information he had, Redmont added, and If he bad had anything else he would, not have divulged It All . those named by Miss Bent ley will be given a chance to defend themselves before the House of Representatives un-American activities- committee. Acting Chairman Karl Mundt (Rep. SD) told newspaper men. He said some are already -under subpoena. Among those already called. Mundt aald. la Nathan Gregory Sllvermaater. whom Mlaa Bent-. ley Identified . as head of one ' Washington Communist ting while she waa active. Sllver-- Boaster, a Russian-born economist, kaa been subpoenaed fer-tomorrow. Mundt said, but It was ascertain whether bo will be questioned then. Silver-master haa called the BenUey story "prepeeteroua". A witness at tomorrow's closed hearings will be Wbitaker Cham bers, , associate editor of .Time magazine, whom Mundt described as "not a suspect". ' , Budenz, under detailed questioning at an afternoon Senate committee session, said the num ber of Communists Infiltrated Into United States Government posts might number thousands. The number-li not Just mathematical", he said, "but also where they are located. There have been several score of people In fairly Important pool tlona. : There have been several hundred In relatively Important positions." . He got his guess total of! sev era! thousands "by adding secre taries - and so on In numerical proportion. i I . The witness 'said the Com muniits operate an "underground lobby!" In Washington. He said that while be was with the Daily Worker he himself attempted to sway the judgment of unnamed Federal officials. Responding to a question, Budenz said Congress ought to "put the brand of outlaw" on the Communist party. Canadian and U.S. Spy LRings Operate Along Similar .Lines " : i - - - This article compares the espionapc network in the United States revealed by Miss Elizabeth Bentley trtth that disclosed in Canada bu Igor Gouzenko, ' By EOBIBT W. BtFOUD. NEW YORK. Aug. 3. (BUP) Although no connection has yet been established between the Communist espionage ring oper ated In the United SUtes by Miss Elizabeth BenUey and that dis closed Iln Canada two years ago by Igor Gouzenko, there are a number of similarities in the way the two, operated. Miss BenUey appeared before Congressional ' committees last week to give details of the network she headed. Previously they had been published in a series of copyrighted articles by the New York. World-Telegram. Several Spy Rings. ' Both the espionage rings ex posed in Canada and the United States were reported to be only one among several operating in their respective countries. . A Candian Royal Commission Investigated the organization revealed, by the documents brought by Gouzenko from the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa where he worked as a cipher clerk. In Its report. the commission said that "several under-cover systems, or net works, existed in Canada under the direction of members of the Soviet Embassy but independent and distinct from (Military- At ache (Cot. Za bo tin's (Red Army Intelligence) organization". Testifying to the commission on this subject, Gouzenko said "the same thing was true In the United SUtes,! according to a telegram I saw. The j World-Telegram said that time and again Miss BenUey "received (evidence that other spy rings were ferreting out American military and political aecreU". Use Cover Names. 1 In both networks cover names were used to designate members. their real Identity being kept secret I The World-Telegram said that Miss BenUey was known as "Mary, while her chief,- Jacob Galoa, Was called "John". - In the Canadian network, for example, Fred Rose was known oy the cover name of TJebouz" Secrecy was ' the keynote in both organlzaUons, . with their members not realizing the full ex tent of the operations In which Uievafticlpated. A former employe of the Cans dian External Affairs Deoartment Information Division, who was sentenced to five years, told the Royal Commission he thought only he and three others were Involved in Illegal actlviUes. "I had no' idea of the scope and ex. tent of this work", be said. 1 clear to me during my tnterroga- Uon " , The World-Telegram said that members of the network inl the U. S. were not! told that other spying syndicates existed. "They learned that these other. . com bines were operating only when one of their operatives accidenUl-ly stumbled across agenU of another ring", the paper said. . f Rose MeeU Miss BenUey, As one example of thin secrecy, the paper said that Fred Rose met Miss Bentley In New York lrt 1943 and, when he returned to Canada, he sent her messages "urging her to come to work for him". t I r "Obviously he was not aware thtt she had' her own spy ring, and she did not; know he was an espionage leader till he was ar rested , the article went on. The secrecy extended to mem bers of the networks concealing their membership of the Com m unlit Party. Miss BenUey said she became a Communlst-at-large, a process so secret that "the Com. munlsU don't let you meet in open unit meetings". "It's called 'going underground' ahe said, "and you are responsible only to one person andjdont meet other Communists at U. . The Royal Commission noted that "It seemed to be the general practice of the Communist Party fb discourage certain selected sympathizers among certain selected categories of the popula Uon,from Joining that political party openly. It is, .apparently, not the present practice, for secret member sj of the party to fill out any fntmberthip 'forms, or sign any declaration," or to be given any membership cards . The moUvatloh of agents shows remarkable parallels in the two organizations, and In neither case was money the primary, reason for giving information. Miss BenUey told the Senate lnyesU gating committee that those who supplied her with Information "were a bunch of misguided idealists who thought they were doing right" and they were not paid for their services. . The Royal Commission re ported "there Is 'no evidence that moneUnr I Incentive played an Important part tn their 'original moUvaUon. , . . On the contrary the evidence Is overwhelming that their original moUvaUon was a . product of their pollUcal Ideology." i The questloa v of pollUcal Ideology and party loyalty play organizations. Miss Bentley said that some of the U.S. Government employes, who gave her in formation thought it was for Earl Browder, then head of the American Communist Party. I f. A similar sltuaUon existed in Canada. Miss Kathleen Willsher, former employe of the British High Commissioner in OtUwa, who. was . sentenced to three years, said she was given to understand the information she supplied was for the guidance of the Canadian Communist Party. This party loyalty was then extended, into what the Royal Commission called "a sense of InternaUonalism". It added that "this .subjective InternaUonalism la then usually linked . . . with the current concepUon of the na tional interests of a particular forefgn state and with the cur rent doctrines "and. policies of Communist - parties throughout the world" Miss BenUey put it this way. according to the World-Telegram. i knew I was working for the party, I knew it was part of the world party, and I knew that somehow Russia waa the head of the world party. Somehow in my thinking, the Communist International and the Soviet Union became one and the same thing. Then, tool if you believe In the Communist Party, you come to believe equally, in the supreme rigntness of Russia."- , There is one main difference between the two organlzaUons. The documents brought, by Gou zenko showed that officials of the Russian Embassy were controlling me network. This has1 not been established -In the case of Miss BenUey's organizaUon, though the World-Telegram said that one of the "men from whom she got instructions was a secretary of Uie aoviei r.moassy in Washington On Similar Lines. However,. . these comparisons Indicate . that the , two ' networks were organized and operated on similar, lines. Nevertheless, no connection between them has yet been established and there have been no reports that the Gou zenko exposures played a part in was amazed when it first became ed an important part in . both HUE Company Limited nB&ynim flnallnai OTTAWA O LP Il T DEPARTMENT B T Oil! ESTABLISHED lS7t i I ! : . t ' ' ' ' " ?r' wnnmriE ihiie c i . ! Forjnerly 9.50 goid 10.93 i! . .. - .-!.. : 5 - 4-95 Less Than Half Price: prices costs' High Quality white shoes slashed without regard . td for final clearance! Various styles and leathers. You save many dol lars on . these shoes. . Sizes are ' not complete due to their popu laxity. 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J L ' I .. - I"98 Curbs Wide-Opeii Sundays at Resorts TORONTO, Aug. 2. CCP) The OnUrio Attorney General's t Department has cracked down' on wide-open Sundays at ' several OnUrio Summer ' resorts, s . The ban oh Sunday amusements, ' believed a result of complainU by the Lord's Day Alliance, was, felt yesterday at Port" SUnley, where only re-freshmenU booths were open; It U expected the amusement area at Wasaga Beach on-Georgian Bay, 80 miles north of Toronto, will , be closed next Sunday. ' . unearthing the espionage ring in the United SUtes: Finally, Gouzenko took with him when he left the Embassy documenUry evidence to confirm his revelations, and as a result eight members of Uie Canadian ring are now' serving prison sentences and a ninth was fined. Although a Federal Grand Jury has been investigating .Uie ac-UviUes of Miss BenUey's network, no indictmenU for espionage have yet been made. However, Uie House Un-American AcUvities Committee has moved for a "blue ribbon" grand jury to look into Communist espionage in the VS. Government- i- 1 Undergoes Operation Aboard Aquitania ' ! HALIFAX, Aug. 2. Kf) A young seaman was operated on aboard Uie liner AquiUnia early today after he had been transferred from Uie United SUtes freighter Torrance Hills while 250 miles off HaHfaxr .v. The saUor, Victor Hill.' 25, of Forakenlln. Mo was. removed from Uie freighter in a criUcal condiUon suffering from . an intestinal obstruction. , , 'The transfer was' executed In heavy fog and was ; completed within an hour. Hill was lower ed from the side of Uie freighter and taken by motor launch to Uie AquiUnia. . .;-- Communist Boss In U.S. Praises Wallace Platform NEW YORK, Aug. William Z. Foster, chairman of Uie United States Communist . Party, tonight praised Henry A, j . 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