The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 9, 1949 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, December 9, 1949
Page 9
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FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1949 BLYTHBV1LLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS America's 30-Year War Against Communism — Spy-Probing Group Wins Both Plaudits And Condemnation (Editor's Nolc: This is the eleventh in a scries of 13 stories by NBA Washington Correspondent Peter Edson on the Communist Party in the u. S., Us successes and setbacks, and where the current attacks on it may lead.! lij 1'olcr JMsoii NKA Washington Corrcspontlrnt ^ Although Martin Hies, the Texas Democrat, tins lj?en out of Con- ™,LPSS for five years, the words "Dies Committee" are still swear words. Communists .swear at the coin-* mluee; ami-Communists swear by U, Offcilally ktiowri as the Un-American Affairs Committee, the investigating body has come by than two. 1910 Issued li.s 1000-paae "Red Paper," containing 281 documents showing its doubious distinction by devious Commulllst , mcnt to ovci . th| . ow . lhc " ' government by violence. Dies a.skerl (he Howe, ; " """ May, l f J38 t to sut tip a seven-man cotn- miuee to; I. Examine the extent, character and objectives of un-American propaganda aciivitie.s in the United Slates. 1. Study the extent of cU.s-iemina- tion of propaganda form abroad sit- tackfug the U.S. form of constitutional government. 3. Study "all other questions in relation thereto." In u years the committee has spent 51,250,000, Issued Ki reports, amassed a 30-volume library (26,000 pagw) of public hearing transcript, find compiled a file listing hundreds of thousands who **re suspect, as Communist or pro-Fascist, Some good ha.s been done. But the committee unquestionably has pulled some of the finest boners of our time. The Bill of Rights has been kicked around like a paid gas bill, from time to time, and even the proponents who say the end Jitstinejs the means do not seem to have the ring of conviction in their vol c ex . Ik One of the big criticisms against the commlttea Is that Its chairmen and members have used It for personal publicity. Whether this charge Ja true or not, It Ls a fact that the committee's force has depended largely on publicizing Communist activities, sometimes sensibly and sometimes merely seivsa lion ally. It LB hard to attempt to list the concrete accomplishments of the committee, because most or them have been at best short-lived. But M a goad to other agencies which had been more or lew supine in the fight against the Commies, the record Ls slightly more encouraging. Year by year, the committee's highlights stack up somewhat .as follows: 1938 Revealed th« recruitment of aol- diera her* by Loyalist Spain In violation ot the neutrality laws. No good came of this; the executive branch moved, so slowly for Indictments that the Justice Department finally dropped the whole business. 4 Heard witnesses tell of Comtnu- jpnfet Infiltration into the Workers' Alliance of the Unemployed, the Farmer-Labor party In Minnesota and th» labor movement generally. The CIO would not admit the truth of the.?« chargrj until 10 years later. 1939 Put Earl Browter behind bars for his first time RJS a Comnmnlst leader. Hi* confession to passport fraud b«fore the committee got him Jour-year sentence, ended by President Roosevelt'.! pardon after le&s Saw pa.sfnge of the VoorhL<s Act, requiring registration with the Jus- lice Department ol every organization under foreign control engaged in political activity. 1941 Made 10 recommendations to Congress, only one of which was acted upon—extension of the committee's, life. 1942 Goaded the Justice Department into conducting a personal Investigation of 4COO employes whose loyalty was questioned, The FBI looked into the Hves of 2100 Federal servants, as a result of which 36 were fired and 13 disciplined. 1913 Little if any action, because Russia wa.s an ally. IflM Ditto. Dies, ill, announced he would not run for Congress again. J!)L5 Made a permanent organization by the shrewd manipulations of Rep John M. Rankin (Dem., MuuO Rep, Joseph J. Hart (Dt-rvK N.J. .succeeded to the chairmanship, elk nothing .resigned in six months Judge John S. Wood (Dem., Ga. followed with the. same achievement though he did not resign. 1D-1R So harassed the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, which wa, operating within the law, that tin American public became aware o lw intentions. 19-17 Year of the Big Wind. Under Rep J. Parnell Thomas (Rep., N.J.) th committee set out to prove the Re publican contention that the Tru man Administration was Infcstei with Commies. The big Hollywood inv&stigatio ran R week in May and played two-week return engagement it October. This turned into a flaso when the committee "tried"•; som 40 witnesses without pcrmiUir cross-examination of accusers < the right to make statements. Ma of the witnesses fell back on the constitutional rights and refused t testify; the 10 Hollywood writer who decline to answer question about thetr Communist affiliatloi were cited fdr contempt. 1948 The b!g .spy stories, headlined b; (I) Elizabeth Eentley's tale of tacin a Commie courier; (2) the Alge HLss-Whltiaker Cambers-FaperB-in- the-Pumpkin revelations; (3) the charges against Dr. Edward U. Condon, of the Bureau of Standards a.s a "weak link" in the atomic security chain; (4) unsubstantiated charges by Member John McDowell (Rep., Pa.- that the U.S. shipped Russia 272Q pounds of uranium during the urglars Obtain Loot /alued at $150,000 in Store in Texas PERRYTON, Tex., Dec. ». (*•) — lurgtars cut a hole In • drug store oof yesterday to steal more than 150.000 In watches and Jewelry. The loot Included the sample ases of two diamond salesmen nnU allies, valued at Iroin $2.000 to i.OOO. Pen-yton Is a town 'ol 5.000, bout 120 miles northeast of Am- rilto. AFBF Head Addresses •tate Health Meeting LITTLE ROCK. Dec. 9. (API — 'he second annual meeting of the .ritaiisas Public Health Association ere was told yesterday that "there " still much to be done." Waldo Piazier. executive secretary t the Arkansas Rum Bureau Fed- intion .tolct the health association icmbers that "hrnltli conditions re so much better in Arkansas •hools today than 20 years ago hat there is no comparison" F/azicr said, however, that there •still a need' for mwe advance- icnt in the health service. Tiie uso of "tin" cans for holding 'reserved foods did not become ommnn u:itil late in the lOlh Cen- ury. A major deflation of the publicity jalloon, when chairman Thomas ra.s indicted by a Federal grand ury for taking salary ktckbacks rom hh staff. 1949 Reorganiation of the committee, with Judge Wood reinstated hairman. Limitation of member- hip to lawyers. Publication of many lamphleLs. End of the sideshow at- uosphere. And so goes the Dies Committee, uto 1950. Tonmrrolv: U.S.-Red spy record —too serious to be Ihrilllng. PAGE NINE General Tells of Withholding Reports From Vice President Wallace in 1943 NEW YOIiK, Dec. ». JAP)—U. Gen. Leslie R. Groves, retired, said yesterday he had withheld from former Vice President Henry A. Wallace secret reports on atomic developments which normally would have gone to Wallace. Asked whether there was any special reason for not showing (he reports to Wallace, the wartime head of the nation's atomic bomb project satd "I preferred not to." Groves made the statements in a telephone Interview from Norwalk, Conn. He is a vice president of Remington Rand Groves .said he showed Wallace* one of the reports in the full ot 1043 but none thereafter. Groves testified before a subcommittee of the House Committee on Un-Amcrlcsn Activities that neither Wallace nor the late Harry Hopkins used pressure oil him U> »H atomic secrets for shipment to Russia. Groves gave these answer* to questions asked him by an Associated Press reporter. Q. Did you withhold secret reports on atomic developments from Mr. Wallace? A. Ye.s. 1 didn't show them to him after showing him one In Die (all of 1043. Q. Would they normally have been shown to Mr. Wallace hi his intuition as a member of the President's special committee on atomic energy? A. Normally they woulil luive gone to him but they didn't. Q. Was there any special rca.soii for not showing them to. him? A. ! preferred not to. Q. Would you consider this a deliberate withholding of information to Mr Wallace A Some people might think so. Q. Was there any special reason for not showing Mr. Wallace the secret reporU? A. We took n number of deliberate risks on security matters in an effort to bring the war to a quicker end, but we took no unnecessary, rccovniabic risks. Groves' statements were in elaboration of made earlier hi Washington. There he explained that the secret reports were made available to the President, certain lilvh military leaders and scientists, and, on one occasion, to Wallace. 434 New Polio Cases Reported in Nation WASHINGTON, Dec, 9. rAP) — There were 4IM new cases of infantile paralysis in the week ending Dec. 3. "the public health service <>ald yesterday. This compared with 50C during the previous week and a five year average for this time of year of 176. It wiis (lie fifteenth consecutive j week of a decline in the national i polio total. Jug McSpaden's Sister Is Killed in Accident KANSAS CITY, Kas,, Dec. 9. r.if'i —MLs.s Helen McSpaden, 48, a sis. ter of Harold (Jug) McSpaden, nationally known golf professional, was killed In a traffic accident here J'fMorday. shr wns struck by a car as she was crossing the Seventh strepi traffic-way In the Fnlrfnx District as she was on .her way to work. The driver of the cur, Geoige K Kerns. 51. of Bethel, Kns., was fliarBcd with manslaughter. His cnr collided with another car, driven by Wnrren C. Johnson, 20. of Richmond, Mo., rifier Miss Mc-Spaden liscl been Int. Two women In the Johnson car wore Injured. They were Mrs. Myrtle I.osey, 60, and her (laughter, Mrs. Ha/cl Acri'C, 39. both of Richmond. Mrs, l.osey suffered a chest injury and Mrs. Acree a possible fracture ol her clavicle. Child's Colds To reUeve miseries \f | C K S m Ir VAPO R u • About Ifl billion ptass coiHslnors are used in Hie Uuittid Hlatcs In one yen i 1 '. Without dosing, rub on WAIT'S GIVES QUICK RELIEF FROM COUGHS DUE TO COiDS Wonderfully eflr<live relief fiom coughs due to eoMi wMS Wcll'i Green Mountain (biand) Cough Syrup, ll goes |o wojK Immediately became id lilca a doclor'i preicrlprian, com. pounded of i*v«rol tclentillc Ingi»dlin1i Children love taking WAIT'S . . . Only 35e -60e. Ail( your dealer lor Wall'i G r ««n Mounfoin (bicrnd) Cough 5y/up. SaliiFocrian or vowt rn6n«y back. 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Get NU-AID — Sold at OWENS DIJUG STORE, Blytlieviile Dell. PRESCRIPTIONS Fresh Slock Guaranleecl [Jest Prices Kirby Drug Store? FOR SALE COM'Hlv'fE CULVKin TlLt cosu ycni IPSS yet usu mntfi lhan inj olhci hnnst m.nrtm > 1 r. » s 5-10-12- lS-lg.2l--«-2;.3u-3«. inchci. CONOIIKTF, Si;WEH TII.K Sizes i-b-t inche* t:i)Nciu:Ti: S KPT 1C TANKS • Ben Prices DcllTci A. H. WEBB i fil ai .NC.iit l.lnc Phone <I4 During 1949 preferred 6y trac/c users over the nexf two makes combined CHEVROLET TRUCKS This overwhelming preference stems from just one fact: Chevrolet trucks give more for t/ie money/ 19-19 result! bastit on itic'ittifilcte but conc/imYe nu/i'mm/Je rettiitralinn ^JLLIVAN-NELSON CHEVROLET CO 301We sf Wolnut Phone 578

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