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THURSDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1949 America's 30- Year War Against Communism— Ex-Party Members Help U.S. in Word War Against Reds (Editor's Note: This is the tenth in a scries of 12 stories by NBA Washington Correspondent Peter Edson o n toe Communist arty in the u. S., its successes and setbacks, and whore the current attacks on It may lead.) By 1'eier Edson N'EA Washington Correspondent 'Hie 30-year war against communism in the United States has |l Men, In last analysis, a talking war. Words are the revolutionary's weapon of biggest calibre. Counter-propaganda is the loriress. The Communists have used words * — ' mure aggressively, more sensationally and with aloucter bang than It'-e anils. The direct assault has hardly been effective. But real critics of Communism, from Dr. Dewey to Wilson, have ticen bitterly , - .,„„. „ „. assailed by the American Corn- damage has been done by the "scho mun 'st P«ss. The party finds it Press"—subsidized organs of front nard to l° r SiVK the man who quits groups and well-meaning but inno- °" rt l ""'" *"' cent liberal publications, which pick up the line without recognizing it. The Daily Worker, Sunday Worker and the party's deep-dish intellectual monthly—formerly "The Communist" and now called "Political Affairs"—have been able to garner circulations in the low thou- trumpeted, when their sympathy ceases and all out denunciation i,, u akes 'ts place. But the "victics" 'Pol- nre undistrubed by such vilifications as "Stooge of Wall Street" and "Poison Pen Artist." coming sinter circulations in ine low inou- sands. They never have made any from sucil a publication as the monty and have hart to be sub- Dail y Worker, say, this amounts to laurel wreaths. For a rtay-lri-day-out counter- propaganda Job, the daily press nty and —_ ,„ _ sidizcd by Moscow or by American angels. A goodly percentage of their readership is study the line, anti - Communist: . . „ ..— ,- „ 1 ,,..„, these subscribers does as well as can be done. The know, and you will be better able to refute it. * * * The infiltration Into Hollywood is well known because o f the pending Supreme Court test case against two of the 10 writers charged with contempt of Congress. In two war years there was some penetration of radio, but shortly after V-J Day, both NBC and ABC took seven-league steps to get rid of the leftists on their writing staffs. In the pamphlet and leaflet • fields, no one knows how much stulf the party and Its fronts have been able toproduce. An attempt to collate this literature is going forward at the University of Michigan, whose L-abadie collection of radical literature is heavy with Communist tracts. On the anti-Communist side, the tijunter-barrnge has been formidable. In the first decade of the 30-year war what u. S. writers produced was not impressive. It was a time or hysteria and much of the stuff was of the scare variety, so exagerated and wild-eyed that its impact was virtually nil. It was 10 lonf years before a. few of the bolder spirits learned that you cannot fight a He with another lie, and that cold fact, dispassionately uttered, is the most devastating of answers. This coincided with the discovery, among many writing men, that the new Communist philosphy was as phony as Moscow's' claim Lo inventive firsts. \Vheij.it became'clear that the Soviet was only Interested in the proletariat as a. surface thing, and had as its major aim the expansion of its own imperialism, •there was a rush into print. The most trenchant pens were In the hands of ex-Commies. The result was several five-foot shelves of excellent "true confessions," ranging from Jan Valtin's "Out of the Night" to Louis p. Budenz's volume of disillusionment, "This Is My Story." Others who have pounded potent typwriters against Communism include Eugene Lyons, John Dewey, John Dos Passos, Max Eastman, Sidney Hook, James Rorty, James T. Farrell, William Henry Chamberlain, Charles Rnmford Walker, Lilliam T. Symes, Evelyn Scott, Suznnne LaPollette, Isaac Don Lcvine, Ferdinand Limdberg. Harry Gldeonse, mdwig Lore. Benjamin Stolberg, Gen. Walter Krivitsky, Victor Kravchenko, Joseph Zack, Jay Lovestone and many others. It should be made clear that only a few of these—Lovestone, Gitlow, Lore, Budenz and Zack— were ever actual party members. • • • All these and other present-day .nd keeps his mouth shut. It finds forgiveness impossible for those liberals whose praise it has sometimes most effective medium has been straight news stories. Pick up almost any newspaper and it will tell you something about Communist activity in one or more of many fields—religion, school labor relations, social relations, foreign relations. • * * The importance of this running news story has been well realized by editors, who will in some cases have assigned excellent reporters to do nothing but watch the fronts. Outstanding among these reporters is Fredrick Woltman, of the New York World-Telegram, who holds a Pulitzer prize and is regarded as one of the best-informed men on the Communist movement any•where In America. Lylc Wilson of United Press has done a magnificent job of exposing Communist political skulduggery. Another highly noteworthy reporter is Benjamin Stolberg, who now works close with the anti- Communist writers. Stolberg prepared a series "Inside the CIO" for the Scripps-Hownrd newspapers In 1938. The material was later published in book form. At the time the Commies had virtually taken over the CIO. Stolberg's series, u-hile it was bitterly assailed by liberals, fellow travelers and labor press, had a striking effect in the crystallization of public opinion. Today, the CIO News, now edited by Allan Swim, does a nicely balanced job of crusading against Communists in the CIO ranks, whereas only a few years ago if often traveled along with some of the most radical. Tomorrow: Achievements TS. blunders in the House Un-Amcr- Ican Affairs Committee. 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BLYTHEViLLE LAUNDRY-CLEANERS Phone 4418 TU.YTHEVII.LE (ARK.1 COURIER NEWS PAGE EI.BVKN ^£M^^&W^&m^ *^S3®2 ^5s Don't Miss the Big iA^LS KELONGlNGS-An unidentified student carries his belonging away from his burning dormitory at the umversity of Oklahoma. Norman, okla. The dormitory caught fire early !„ the mornin B caus- me damage estimated at 5500,000. More than 300 me,, students housed in the dorm escaped Three n"„ died, two were critically injured and at least 17 less seriously hurt. r, U > Wirephoto) Eisenhower to Steer Clear of Politics But Keep Interest in Public Affairs HOUSTON, Dec. 8—</r>>— General Dwight Eisenhower said yesterday he wants no connection with politics but wants to take an active part in public affairs. He told a news conference: "If I identified or affiliated myself with any political party I'd lose a lot of friends and I'm not going to do that." Eisenhower arrived from San Antonio to speak at the Chamber of Commerce annual meeting. The general touched on iwlitics when asked if a large amount of his personal mail contained requests that he seek the presidency. Eisenhower replied that his mail Six UN Atomic Powers To Resume Discussions NEW YOHK, Dec. 8. (/R—The six atomic powers In the United Nations agreed yesterday to resume secret talks at Lake Success on Dec. 15, nn Informed source reported. The U.N. Assembly asked the United Stntcs. Britain, France. Ciit- smashed into a bridge abutment on Highway 61 North of here. Killed were Sally price, Rosie Lee Hale. Lubcrta. Marshall and Wilhelmina Hurston. A fifth person, Oracle Welch, also of Memphis, was injured. The accident occurred in heavy rain and fog. The women were returning to Memphis from a funeral at Indianola, Miss. Read Courier News Want Ads SICK? Stomach, Liver and Gall Bladder upset, Tongue coated, Bad breath. Bad taste. You have heartburn, gas and dizzy spells, gas in your bowls, may press upon your bladder, causing backaches. 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Phone 4474 inipt to find a basis of .. B .^..^-..». , is expected'the six countries wilt leet weekly, the schedule they fol- iwcd before the Assembly acted is heavy nnd that many people, without mention of political affilm- tlon, write him alwut particular problems. "Many of them," he sftid. "want sympathy toward these problems " Then he added: "I have no political connections, na, the Soviet. Union and" Canada no political ambitions and don't i to continue their talks in nn at want any connection with politics." He emphasized, however, he will take an active interest in public affairs in that he thinks American people "should be- talking principles" and not in generalities. Eisenhower said he has no crit- icsm for Columbia University's student newspaper, the Daily Spectator, which Monday made caustic comments about Elsenhower, the university's president. A Spectator editorial commented on a speech made by Eisenhower last week before the St. Andrew's Society in New York city. 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