The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 7, 1949 · Page 12
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 12

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 7, 1949
Page 12
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f PAGE TWELVE BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COUHIKR NEWS Prisoner Rights Trouble Source Civil-Rights-Minded Supreme Court Finds Liberalism Backfires W ASHINOTON— The clvil- rights-minded Supreme Court's determined effort to protect the rights of prisoners has brought It a peek of trouble. Many of Its derisions In the past 31 years have provided convicts with new legal arguments to secure write of habeas corpus. When such wits are granted, the prisoner or his attorney is given a new hearing In the lower court. In rar^ 1 instances the court, after reviewing the record of the case, grants a new trial. In a fe\v cases, prisoners are set free If the prosecuting attorney decides that the state no longer has a good legal case against the convicted man. So writs of habeas corpus represent most prisoners' sole hope for a speedy release. When the Supreme Court became more and more critical of lower courts or local police officials who It felt violated a prisoner's constitutional rights, the prisoners heard about It and promptly took advantage of it. Chief Justice Vinson said recently that the Supreme Court In its last term received 455 petitions from state or federal prisoners who claimed there was something Illegal about their convictions or their treatment in jail. Only 22 such petitions were received by the hl°h court In 1930. The prisoners often act on their own, without help of a lawyer. They frequently write informal, penciled notes to the court. Vinson said that 90 out of 100 of them have little or no legal merit. Yet all (hat are received have to he given a number nnd full consideration. Nearly all of them are turned down, but a few each term receive an open hearing. The haheas corpus epidemic started after the Johnson versus Zervst decision In 1938, when the court found that the trial court had not given the prisoner his constitutional right to legal counsel. The McNalib case, in 1913, provided rew hope for writ-hungry prisoners. In It the court decided the convicts had been held too long between the time of . arrest and arraignment. The last big habeas corpus push came after the decision in the Tony Mnrlno case In 1947. That too Involved the? issue of lack of proper legal counsel. Vinson says the burden on the Supreme Court conld Ire relieved If the states and lower courts would see that prisoners always got a habeas corpus hearing where it was • justified. But the lower courts have found'their work load Increased as much as that of the Supreme Court. . Judge Louis E. Goodman, of the U. S. District Court in San Francisco, in 1917, told how Alcatra?. prisoners keep that court constantly, bus}'. Between 1937 and 1917 there were 368 petitions filed by 180 in- CAA's Bright Young Planners Seek New Way to End AirTrafficCrashes By NBA Service WASHINGTON —(NBA)— Pour aught young government planners nave been working for a year on advance* in air traffic control designed to prevent the son of crashes nnd near-n.isses lately plaguing tin- Washington airport. The neatly rise in air travel and consequent overcrowding of the atr- lan'es ovi-r busy centers lias worried the Civil Aeronautics Administration for a long time. It decided iive steps were needed. n set up a special committee to examine the problems and the committee wound up by naming the four-man planning team to up-date traffic control and navigation systems. I'o ,;et Itie bold, original thinkers desired for this job. the CAA committee tossed away fusty seniority rules and canvassed Its far- flung personnel in an elaborate screeli'ng process. Out of (his careful weighing of talent came the members of the present team — Jack Hilton, Tom Dodson, Roys Jones and Simon Jnstman. This quartet — average age 35—was lifted from obscurity In the CAA ranks and handed one of tiie toughest assignments in aviation history. How lunch can lip gauged from the Nov. 1 collision that -sent 5fi persons to their deaths over Washington, from the close call Vice President Burklcy's plane had about n week Intel, and from the constant confusion nnd danger that surrounds tiie regular ''Mucking" of aircr.ift over landing fields when we.-uher is bad or truffle heavy, Tiie CAA's young planners know these troubles first hand. Hilton more than once swe.iU'il it out for nn hour or so in ihe CAA control tower at Indianapolis airport, trying to bring in a lost plane that was holding up a big stack of circling planes. He was thief controller there and one of the first CAA men trained In so-called Ground Controlled Approach operations. Jones, a 20-year veteran of aviation, served as an air rnule truffle controller for CAA from 1911 to 1948. He began his career with private airlines, learned to fly nnd do a variety of other |obs, including Ihe writing of a text on navi- Alltl'OIlT TltAIT-IC I'U"/./[.i; : CAA planners Simon. Juslnian, Leslie Kllllcnliprs nnd ituys Jones (li-fl to rislil) study a rniii- jilk'aUJ miiclrl used to visuali/c jraffic patterns over an airport. mate. 1 !. Federal lawyers refer to the Al- catiaz petitioners us "the Atcalrail law school." In many prisons the convicts take correspondence courses in law. In some cities there Arc prisoners who act as their'own attorneys and make headlines coming Into court with new petitions. It gives them's trip downtown. Judge Goodman said the habeas corpus petitions, had become "a penitentiary racket.'; He was plainly critical of the Supreme Court for opening up new fields, in which prisoners could abuse the privilege of habeas corpus. giiiion When he joined the planning [cam he was senior controller at St. Ijuiiis. Dodson was \vorkiiiK as chief communicator at the CAA's desert post in Lovelock. Nov. He felt buried t:iere. for no promotion had been on the hcrizon since 1942. The ne\v assignment was re'.vard for his Hi years of radio operating experience in the Navy, tha FCC and the CAA. Only .Instill:)n MIIS alrt'jtly stationed in Washington xrhc-n team selections were made. As a radar engineer with training in the Air Force laboratories at Wright Field, Dayton, O.. he had been brought into the CAA's communications engineering section in the capital. The .scicenlng program that culled these men from IGO applicants empliasixx'd live main qualifications. Tests or interviews were used to determine f.tnres for the exacting task ahead. The five trails looked RENT A CAR Drive Anywhere •>• Vou ['lease Simpson Oil Co. ' Phone 937 It's Good Business To Work Refreshed UNDE, xuiHomrv of IHI COCA-COLA COMPAHY Coi »-C»la Holding Co. of Hlythcville © 1949, Hii Coca-Cola Ctwnpony for: 1. A keen sense of space relationship, a chaiacteristic ered vital to any real grasp of how to Juggle hundreds of aircraft Iu overburdened airlancs during the course of a typical day. 2. General intelligence, with stress on analytical [lowers, .3. Broad Interest In all kinds of scientific and social development, to assure that team members would be able to adapt knowledge from other fields to Iraffic control problems 4. Creative thinking, to make certain that the planners would not be hamstrung by outworn ideas in (heir search for new solutions. 5. "Social Intelligence," by which the screening committee meant ihe ability of a man to get along with others in working on a difficult job Interviews were employed to measure applicants here, with the likeliest candidates being subjected to severe grilling. From Hip eight men with the highest combined scores the heads of CAA's traffic control and communications divisions picked the present four. The team went to work In November, 1948 It is now under direction of K. R. Afehrling. who recently returned from duty in Gernmny as air traffic control adviser in the Berlin airlift operations of the Air Force One of the 'first, major protects to engage the planners' attention ! is the so-called "private line" This! is a proposed system calling for! automatic two-way transmission of traffic control information between planes nnd the ground. Its *:oal is to assure a "position check" on each plane every 10 seconds, comparison of ihsl position with the position of other aircraft, and relay of approval or change in plane's flight path within 10 seconds. If a relatively foolproof device of this sort can be developed, it may yo far toward preventing repetition of mishaps like the tragic collision ovi-r the capital airport. And this is but one of the projects under study by the able CAA planning t(jnad. Restrictions on Travel Make Tangiers the Berlin of Africa He flrirlfm V A11 rl<>r<:mi nr-nurr, 11, A n . _ . WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1949 ,lv (iutlfrcy Andersun AC Newsfealurcj TANGIEEIS — Taneiers is Africa's Uerlin. You cannot enter It or without a special visa to traverse the surrounding Spanish zone—unless you lly or come by sea. Most of its food, water and electric iw«er comes via Spanish Cattle Rustler t\'R KMM tili nc ... Morocco, just as Berlin's supplies must pass throught the Soviet zone of Germany. Once it even suffered a minor blockade, as in Berlin, by a miniEiUlro air-lift. It Is j-ovcrricd by a control- cnnncil, authnri/.cd l)y Llie same Illff roiir (United Stales, Orral Britain, France ami Soviet Itus- sia). 11 has Us own parasitic Broui) of grl-rlch-quirk black markclrrrs engaged In the same type of shady iransnrtiuns, and tiie same larsre numbers living near Ihe liimk'i line of poverty. The Moroccans themselves, like the Herliner.s, need special papers to travel to another part of their own country. When the present provisional international regime was set up in October 1945, the Big Pour decider! not 10 sit on the council of control themselves. They preferred that the other [lowers with interests in Tan- gicrs— Belgium, Spain, the Netherlands. Portugal and Sweden should run the city for six months After that, they were going to think nf-iiin No\v, nearly four years later, the same little group still carries on. 'iVenty thousand of the city's 25.000 European population (there are also about 75,000 Arabs and 10.000 Jews) are Spanish citizens. There is no such tilings as a Tangiers passport" and each person born here takes his father's nationality. Although the only signs of a co!d war have come from Ihe Spanish side, some Tangiers officials .iccuse the French of trying to apply a brake on the city's future progress. These sources say the French are jealous of Tangiers' growth and fear one day it might rival the seaport trade of Casablanca. - - — — • • X. I M J u IJI l^J Ulcers, Poverty, Drink WASHING-TON <AP>—Harry C. Barton, of Sandy Spring, noticed the cow he Just bought seemed home.siek. He noticed that its horns drooped, And he read that a cow with droopy horns tiad been stolen. Checking up, sure enough he found he had bought a stolen cow. He got hi.s money back, The rustler was traced, confessed,, and blamed it all on the fact that he had ulcers Bee Create: Big Scandal In African Violet Garden WASHINGTON -W',~ Mr, ff Wayne LaMar thinks bees in th, bonnet might be all right if they would stay there and not go mess ing around her African violet rSf S'Vj. '"Id members of the Metro-' politan African Violet Club sh. came home the other evening to •no AM" ™ nnl " g wiid with my '1° * fl ™" % ;', 0let pl! "' 1 ' 'hat are strews Horn the basement to (he What happens, of course l> that bees cross-pollinate the nlan "id a home that * single cow," oYOU Fl WHEN L WELL! fii HAOACDL KIRBY DRUG STORES all... IT'S 50 WAYS NEW FOR '50 From Its stylish new hood ornament to its new shock-mounted rear bumper, me new '50 Ford is pocked with quality improvements. Drive in comfort on a foam-rubber cushioned seat . . . listen to Hie silent, secure door kxb . . . hear how noise gets shut out of the silent, sound-conditioned "Lifeguard" Body. • • •• IT'S THE ONE FINE CAR IN THE LOW-PRICE FIELD Only Ford in the low-price field offers you a V-8 engine-ma same ryp» engine you find in America's costliest cars! It's a 100 h.p. engine that delivers "go" at o touch. Yet its quiet whispers quality. The "Six," too, is a 95 horsepower package of power surprises. One ride will convince you— nothing but a '50 Ford will do} the features you want in the PHILLIPS MOTOR COMPANY Fifth & Walnut Phone 4453

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