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PAGE BLYTHEVILLE ("AniU COURIER NEWS .America's 30-Year War Against Communism— Legion, U.S. C. of C First to Open Fight On American Reds (Editor's Note: This is tlie ninth In a scries ol 12 stories by NEA Washington Correspondent Peter Edson on the Communist Party in the II. s., its successes and setbacks, and where the ctirrcnl attacks on it may lead.) By 1'cler t'dson NEA Washington Correspondent 4) It is not possible. In the compass of this article, to detail all that has been done by civic and patriotic organizations In the war with Communism. But the two leaders—the American Legion and the U. S. Chamber of Commerce—will serve as examples of effective action, which In some cases lias forced the government itself to be more aggressive. The American Legion was one of+ — (he first to strike back at the Bolslievlki. That was in 1919, when Us convention petitioned President Wilson to give the- Department of Justice sufficient authority to combat any anti-American forces. Nor did the Legion stop there. It set up a National Americanism Commission for continuous educational action to hold down any anti-American trends. This pro- cram has gone forward for 30 years in the Legion posts of most important, cities nncl may . small to'.vns, and has unquestionably paid off. ' One of the most striking demonstrations of the use of a technique the communists think they originated is in the observance of M a y 1 as "Americanism Day" It was originated in 1046 by an- olher patriotic group—the VF\V — and the Legion has moved in to help. The parades «n Fifth Avenue on this day have consistently drawn 5D, 009 lo 75,00 marchers, while the Communists, observing '.May Day" over on Eighth Avenue, have seldom drawn so many In 1935 the Legion began send- i»K out monthly bulletin on Communists activity in schools. This periodical was expanded into a general news letter, containing information on all phases of Communism. One of Its important columns is a tabulation of propaganda priorities, showing what the Daily Worker and other organs are plugging, thus keeping up with the current party line. Since 1941, the Legion has held national seminars attended by selected members from posts throughout the country. Then seminars are largely devoted to lectures and discussions of Communist philosophic. 5 and tactics, in addition, almost 50,000 copies of two Legion leaflets, "How to Combat Communism and "How to Spot a Communist,' have been distributed to posts and Individuals. The Legion believe, that its 17,00 posts should translate Into 17,000 well-informed anti Communist listening posts, and ed ucational machine to this end. The Legion's latest move call for a national conference t< wage war on Communism. Nation al Commander George N. Craii has invited 38 national arganiza tlons to send representatives Girl Dying of Lung Disease Rushed To Research Hospital in Illinois CHICAGO. Dec. 7—(>T'y—Pour- year-old Patty Owens, an oxygen mask held to her wan face, was rushed to the Illinois Research Hospital yesterday. Doctors say that little Patty Is dying of fibrocystic disease. In this disease, matter accumulates in the lungs. It can't be removed, and finally clogs the breathing passages. 'Tire child was removed from the drawing room on the City of San Francisco streamliner. Ambulance men were standing by with a stretcher and a portable canister of oxygen, which Patty needs in order to breathe. *' ' r ' ''-• *' Cr 'The child's parents, Mr.- and !>irs Robert Owens, took Her from Chicago to California two years ago They hoped the luild climate would help fatty's condition. This hope faded and death seem- kjd certain for the little brunette. J5" So as a Christmas present, the '' Owens decided to bring the little girl back to Chicago for Christmas with her cousins. A. J. Bodinet, of Chicago, the Pullman conductor, said "'She's a very good little kid. She ate nicely CONVICTED BIG A JUST—Sherman Lovelace (above), 17-year-old convicted bigamist, will not have any h c ] p f rom h!s f!rst n|ld , cgal ^ifc In his current trouble. Found g<nlty of -having three wives, he was sentenced lo thres years. His fu.st wife, motlier of his son, lives at Tucson, Ariz. She wants a di- vorce - <AP Wirephoto) and but most of the way from Francisco she just lay there. "She wasn't feeling BO good this morning, though. She kept pullin the oxygen mask off." Two offers Of hope were forward ed lo the Owens through the As sociated Press. Bodinet rushed ti Mrs. Owens a message of Mn, Jean Eidson, Detroit. Mrs. Eidson's children, twin nd a boy, have suffered fron the same disease. Surgery has help ed them. The girls are still E Ford Hospital in Detroit. Mrs Hidson asked Mrs. Owens to phone Serin Detfoit tonight. 'Bodinet said "Mrs. Owens was very glad lo get the message and very interested." Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Bvrne of New York wrote to Francis Boynton a Chicago relative telling of tlie recovery of their baby daughter Kathleen, and telling the Owens' to feel free to phone them in New York. January meeting In New York Chicago. Church, labor, fratern- , civic, farm, women's service nd other veterans' organizations ave been Invited, The aim is to nlist ultimately 100 or more or- anizations In a united front to npjHirt American Ideals and Con- tltutional government. * • • • The United Slmcs clininber of Commerce is a Johnuy-coiiie-liitely, ompared to the Legion. Hut It now as one of the most knowing anti- lommunlst bureaus in the country. Eric Johnston, now head of the Id Hays Office, made a trip to tussia when he wns president of rt& Chamber during the war. He aw Stalin and came home all ped up about the Soviet and :s wartime achievements. He per- uaded the chamber tliat the U.S. vould have to learn to live with Russia in a peacetime world and succeeded In setting up a staff that could advise the businessman on Communism. Dr. Emerson Schmidt. Chamber economist, hearted the new bureau. One of his staff was a Russian, whose name has not uecn divulged for his own protection. lie .stailied Dr. Schmidt with his uncannily accurate predictions of shifts iii Soviet foreign policy and soon made clear that Stalin was far from a peace-loving Rover uoy. The bureau's first pamphlet \vas "Communist Infiltration it) the U.S." Six hundred thousand copies were distributed. The contents of tlie pamphlet shocked the pants off the American' businessman, v.'ho u]i to here had not believed it pos- Hible 70,000 Heels could overthrow liis government. The next year "Comnmnlsls In the Government" proved another block-buster; so did "Commtini.st,s In the Labor Movement" In 1918. und "A Program for Communitv Anti-Communist Action." 1948. The booklet on labor contains information furnished by several American cx-Commics, who had been trained In the Lenin Institute tn Moscow, and well knew what the U.S. was up against. There are still some dic-hnrds in American business \vho hold that such publications arc no jiiu't of the function of their Chamber. They may not hnve rocks in their heads, out they do have their heads in the sand. The worth of the pamphlets Is demonstrable by a couple of examples: (1) the Daily Worker devoted full pages to scathing reviews, evidence that there was .so much truth In the revelations that the Party basses wanted them drowned out; (2) the figure of 400 subversives, ciled In "Communists Within WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 19« the Government," built a fire under tl'e Justice Department, which up '« then admitted knowing of only 26 Commies nniong llie 2,500,000 I'Vrit'ral employes. In addition to the two blfi guns nniong organizations, the follow- int,' have done excellent work: Walter Steele's "National Republic." a newsletter out of Washington. Somewhat rabid in its views occasionally, but with enough solid inforni!.'.lon to can- fcl out the sin. Common Cause, of New York, which gives leadership and advice to locnl civic orgnnl/ntions. The Association of National Advertisers, which has inaugurated a campaign of "Total War Against Totalitarian Ideas." The Freedom Foundation, of Valley Forge, has recently made some 750 awards this year for editorials, books, movies, sermons, speeches, radio programs and other outstanding expressions on the American way of life. The Advertising Council, wartime drive holdover, producer of a ser- le.s of ads and radln programs on "The Miracle of America." All In all, the battle record of private organizations Is somewhat better than that of others and may prove an example to the sluggards. 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