The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 3, 1949 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, December 3, 1949
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Page 8
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/ PAGE EIGHT ^BLYTIIEVILLE (ARK.) COUH1KK MKW'S America's 30-Year War Against Communism—• U.S.Legal Weapons Used against Reds Not Heavy Artillery (Edttor't Note: Tills us the sixth in a series of 12 stories by NEA Washington Correspondent Peter Edson on the Communist Party in the U. S., Its successes and setbacks, and where tiie current attacks on it may lead.) By Peter Hilson NEA Washington Correspondent The weapons brought up by Congress and the Supreme Court have hardly been what might be termed heavy artillery against tiie Communists. + The court says It cannot act effectively because Congress has not strengthened the basic laws which may be used against Communists—the Seditious Conspiracy -------- --- 1 * in me last inree decades, the •""••• Act (1861); the Espionage Act cour( , llas CD ,i,,|,| CfC1 j perhaps 50 Kt * tfs U917), and the Immigration Act - • • • - * n oni a s e s Involving Communists — Supreme Court. There, in essence, lie the weakness and strength in the U. S. war against Communism. Prom a democratic point of view the Constitution and the Bill of Rights are good—and sacred. From a Communist point of view they are gyves and fetters, making it impossible to put down rill but the bomb-throwing type of revolulion- Consiiier Congress First: Session after session has doggedly refused to enact laws which would abridge the rights of free speech, and freedom of assembly. The Hatch, Voorhis and Smith Acts, voted in the 1939-40 session, •were aimed at the Nazism and Fascism primarily. Hep. Hamilton Fish, jr., of New York, headed the first attempt to write a basic anti-Communist code, In 1931. Fish's committee sat in 13 cities, interrogated 275 witnesses and came up with a 14-point program so impossible to execute and so potentially harmful to the country that it died aborning. Only two of the recommendations bore fruit—to broaden the FBI's authority and to increase its funds so it. could function more efficiently in the field. Next came the McCormack-Dick- stefn Committee of 193S, which drew some blood. Its report held that the Communist Party was not a legitimate party at all .but was the adheret to foreign ideologies without any real concern for the internal weal at all. 'The committee made six recommendations: 1- Legislation which resulted in the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938. 2. Action by the Secretary of I*abor to terminate the stay'here of any alien on a visitor's visa if he engaged in propaganda activities, largely realized when the Immigration Service passed from the Labor to the Justice Department with greater powers. 3. Negotiation by the State De- partnient of treaties under which foreign nations would agree to accept their nationals by deportation In case of action against the TJ.S. No action on this one. •5. A law prohibiting advice or counsel to members of the armed services to disobev regulations. Covered in the Alien Registration Act. 5. A law which would give U.S. attorneys over the land the same right to Invoke the rule of contempt again recalcitrant witnesses. Jfo action. 8. Outlawing of the old "overthrow by force and violence" line. Partially achieved in the Smith and Voorhis Acts. Now pending Is the Mundt-Ferguson bill, which would: 1. Outlaw advocating establishment of a dictatorship. . 2. Forbid passage to alien organizations of any classified information affecting national security. 3. Punish any agent with' up to 10 years and a $10.000 fine for receiving such information. This bill met with no great sue- l>at t'. S. Communism. - „ .......... , ......... ,..„,„„ ,-,,-rvicc «e- cess in the .session just ended, but jmrl.ilioiis have horn used to c.un- is likely to be a 1P50 campaign is- ' ' " ~ sue and may be passed. Hwo much emasculation will occur in its detailed provisions is anybody's guess. The old bogey that the Consitution it has hung over virtually all previous bills. On the Supreme Court side of the picture you finil: In the last three decades, the With Communism Since 1919 Since 1818, there have been lie Inws dealing with Communism introduced or passed in all nut three of the states—Republican Maine, Democratic Mississippi and Border State Missouri. The following dl- Kest—subject to court rulings and later legislation—Is the approximate status of laws on the secondary governmental level: States requiring that a party have polled a certain percentage of the vote in the previous election before beliiR admitted to the ballot: All but live—Arkansas, Georgia, Kansas. New Mexico and South Carolina. States burring any party affiliated with Communism or a foreign political movement: Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming and- Wisconsln. Similar legislation was enacted In California and Illinois but. judicially ruled unconstitutional. Irinff loyalty oaths from teachers and other public employes: 27. or illegality of an organization. The first case invloving a stib- >rsive was Hint O f John Turner. an English who entered the was country illegally In ino4 and proved to be an anarchist here for no good. 'Hie court upheld the constitutionality of Congress' deportation ordcV. Thirty-odd similar cases have since been decided • — ..~......... in lower courts, with the Supreme Cftllf oruir>. Washington, Illinois. Court's ruling as precedent. " " 1 " ' " The first important case involving criminal syndicalism was that,, of Ben altlOH', who win bo rc- memebered as an ardent Commie who saw the light and Became one of Moscow's most articulate op- ixinenls. Gitlow, caught in New Parly: Arkansas, Delaware, Indiana. Ohio, Oregon. Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Wyoming. S(a(M wflh laws against sedition (inciting disorder lending to Insurrection): 20. Slides whlrh Iiavc had committees Investigating communistic and other subversive activity: New- York. Massachusetts. Wisconsin. . , Maryland and New Jersey loyalty laws have been found unconstitutional by state courts. York's Lusk committee raids, convicted as editor or The Revolutionary Age, which had printed the left-wing manifesto advocating riots and establishment of a proletarian dictatorship In 1919. GiHow fought his three-to-[ive year sentence t o the Supreme Court, whose decision was that freedom of speech did not necessarily guarantee such inflammatory matter as contained In the manifesto. Oltlow went back to the lien but was pardoned by Gov Alfred E. Smith before he completed his sentence. Earl Brawler carried his passport-fraud conviction to the high court, lost, and started rls four- year sentence. Then in 1942 he was fantastically pardoned by President Roosevelt, who feared the long sentence was something the public construe as "penalty imposed lie- cause of political views." Following the Browder case the Supreme Court went liberal in a bik way and gave the Communists coosrderabl freedom of operation. Pastors to Elect Alliance Officers Monday Morning Blytheville ministers will .select a new president for the Blytheville Ministerial Alliajice at the meeting scheduled for 10 a.m. Monday. The new head will succeed the Rev. Lester D. Slrubliar, pastor of the First Christian Church, who haj been president of the group this year. Other officers to be elected when the group meets at the First Lutheran Church, with the Rev. a. Mless- ler as host minister, will include a vice-president and a secretary- treasurer. These offices this year have been filled by the Rev. W. J. pitzliugh. FHA Devises Rule to Prevent Future Racial Discrimination SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1949' Ily Jarnrs Murloiv recorded "f ««...... -•• •• • •.•uu't vtt-u u^icujuiriiL:) III Ulu llllllrC WASHINGTON, Dec. 3. (flV-TIn! or, rather, after the rule goes Into government lias announced a new effect. policy to try lo cut domi—it not wipe out—racial discrimination in housing. Tilts Is the background, with an Supreme Court decision which lield explanation from government of' fioials on whal the means. policy It has been a wlde.sprr.id practice in this country for property owners in a community to discriminate against whole groups of people because of their race, religion or color, particularly Negroes and Jews. They may agree muong themselves thul none of them will ever rent or sell his house to a Negro, for example. 'Hiis is a so-called "gentlemen's agreement." Sometimes it is called a "restrictive covenant." Suppose one of the people making the ngi'cement broke it and sold to a Negro. What could the others do to stop him? Nothing. verbal agreement that recorded agreements have no standing in court. In short, the government plan as officials explained it. Is not going to touch restrictive covenants already in effect but will try to prevent now ones from being made, or as many as it call. The government can't prevent restrictive covenants, even newly recorded ones, being made by people who get loans from banks or it her private agencies. II can act only where FHA loans arc concerned. It was only anyway. But there Is another kind of agreement,— H's still a restrictive covenant ..... which is called a "recorded" agreement. Meaning, it lias been filed in writing in a court as part of tile court record. For example: In Say you ln:y a house today. the (Ir-eds lo the house it is plainly stated that the owner, in this case you, cannot .sell to a No^ro. This may happen in a new house you buy today or in an old house Hint's changed hands 10 times In 20 years. That restrictive covenant was in the deeds when the house was first bought. It was years rector of Stephens Episcopal Church as secretary-treasurer- ami the Rev. p. H. Jernlgan. pastor of the Calvary Baptist Chinch, vice- president. The new officers will begin terms at the January meeting Sixteen Blytheville ministers are affiliated in the alliance. a«o. When you. the llth owner, buy it today, the deeds with their restrictive covenant, tire still part of the court, record and Imvc been for 20 years. Court V.iirls llesd-tclion But suppose you decide to sell to a Negro and your neighbors want to go to-court to prevent the sale, arguing that under the agreement you can't sell to a Negro. Can they go to court to stop you? No. Tlint was tried a couple of years ngo. But the Supreme Court ruled such "recorded" agreements have no standing in n court. In other words, the. agreement is not worth the paper it's written on if someone wants to break it. Now we come to thn new policy which involves the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). FHA is n government agency which insures loans for people who want to build private homes or even whole private housing projects In the past year it hns insured one- third of all the private liousin" .-."-m*ln \Ji U|jl:l tlLLIJll. In the Austrian-born Joseph G. I K ! ;rccker case, the court decided | 'N tiie past membership in the Communist Party does not constitute grounds for deportation of un- naturali/eri aliens. In the Russian-born William Sclinelilerninn case, the court de- that three must be clear evidence a Communist. Party member advocated party principals before he could be deported. The Harry Bridges case set the precedent that there must be clear evidence of Communist Party membership before an alien could be ordered deported. But. his 12-year- ffgllt against deportation may a- gam come lo the Supreme Court if a new trial In S.in Francisco finds Bridges guilty of perjury In his lf)4S citizenship application And so it goes- There never has teen a clear-cut Supreme Court decision on a Communist's contempt of Congress or the courts though such opinions may be forthcoming in this year's cases of the 10 Hollywood writers and of Eugene Dennis. Communist party secretary-general. Whatever the outcome, one thing ^^ is sure: America's Communists will ' « continue to work [or the end of ' 6 constitutional government, whjlc ; < clinging to the protection of the Constitution every time they get their feet in the fly-pnper. Mrmila.v: How Hie r.oyalir pro- and fmmi^ralion Service <Te Funeral services will be conducted at 2 p.m. Sunday in the True- light Baptist Church for Lconn Lee, 29, who died last Saturday in her home-on Franklin Street. The services ~ivjl. be conducted by Rev. L. O. Davenport Mount Zion Cemetery in charge of the Cnston Funeral Home. She is survived by her husband, David l-ee, a son. nnd an aunt. Sally Carter, Pantiiic, Mich. Final rites for Willie Mae Harvev. 2-1. who died Wednesday in her home in Uixora. will be conducted nt l:.1o p.m. tomorrow in the Zion Clinpcl linptist Church in Ltixora by the pastor. Rev. I. W. Harvey. •She Is survived by licr mother. Fnnnie Udv.iirds. uurial will be in (lie Luxora Cemetery in charge of the Caston Funeral Home. built in the Why ts the FHA adopting this new policy? Merely, the officials say '.o keep the FHA In line with thai Young Republican Criticizes Party's Lethargic Policy INDIANAPOLIS, Dec. 3. </P>— A young Republican leader sharply critici/cd his party's "lethargic" policies tcday and suggested an infusion of "new methods, new leadership and new spirit." That proposal was made by John Tope, chairman of the Young Republican National Federation, in an address prepared for the Indiana Young Republican Convention. Young people, said Tope, "are becoming increasingly dissatisfied over the position which our party and certain of our republican officeholders ore taking in combatting this Democrat drive I iwarcl socialism." He said it is too much to.expect "that the most conservative of us should sit idly by and see elections tost by default as the result of party machinery being controlled by Individuals interested solely in personal benefits, or by individuals incapable of effective leadership. "Nor .should youth be expected to condone party support to the reappearance of leaders out of the past as candidates for local, state or national offices." Tope mentioned no names in his criticism. Stockyard Strike Ends; Operations Resume Monday BAST ST. LOUIS, I!!., Dec. 3. (JP, —Nearby National Stockyards, shut down for nearly three weeks by » strike of livestock handlers. Is scheduled to resume full operations Monday. An embargo against livestock shipments,- damped on when 400 AFL handlers walked out Nov. 14, was to bo lifted at noon (CST) today, Secretary W. R. Hnltt of the St. Ixniis Live-stock Exchange announced. Sales will not begin until Monday. The strikers, members of the API, Livestock Handlers Union, Local 225, voted at a meeting last night to accept the latest proposal by the National Stockyards Company and return to work. Details of the new contract pro- poral were not made public. Members of the Producers Livestock Marketing Association were warned by H. T. Wright, manager of the group, against flooding the market during the first few days of operations. He said the strike has resulted in the accumulation of a •large number of hogs and cattle In the market area. Continued from Page 1 ketlng practices (including marketing quotas when authorized by law) prescribed by the secretary, may be required as a condition of eligibility for price sup)H>rt.' So, regardless of the custom of the referendum vote, tile secretary has the authority and we are told lie will invoke cotton acreage allotments as j a price support requisite. "Again going back to the Agricultural Act of 1949, the law states: 'The level of price support to cr>- operalors for any crop of a basic agricultural commodity, except in- tacco, for which marketing quotas have teen disapproved by producers shall be 50 per cent of the parity price of such commodity; and no price support shall be made available for any crop of tobacco for which marketing quotas have been Hopkins Called 'Leak' In A-Bomb Security WASHINGTON. Dec. 3. WPj A former Army officer said last night that wholesale tots of secret U.S documents "and material that Soviet officers called uranium "bomb powder" were flown to Russia under wartime pressure from the late Harry Hopkins for secrecy and speed. The one-time officer. Rticey Some time In the- future—mavb 00 or 00 days—FHA will set up a rule which says: No one can get an FHA loan if he is a parly to olle of those restrictive covenants "recorded" after the rule went into effect Suppose, after the rule gors into cfTcc-t, you want to buv a huitsp ; , , , whose deed, recorded in a court' b " M " rasl ' yr.irs a.;o. curries the restrictive Jordan, said Hopkins, who was confidential assistant to the late Pre.si- Ro " sevl -'lt. was "the button the ! Russians touched every time they "°" ic ' < .' "•""go™* ^Ip." Jol : lI: '"- identifying himself ns a Ica.se air route from this country to Russia, told the story to Commentator Fulton Lewis, Jr., In a Court Delays Judgment In Case Against Mexican The case of Elias Rodriqucz. Mexican farm laborer who was the driver of the car in which another Mexican, Nicholas Abila, was killed Nov. 2C. on a charge of driving while under Hie influence of liquor, was continued for judgment In Municipal Court this morning. According to DC >uty Prosecuting Attorney Arthur \ Harmon, n charge of driving while under the influence of liquor was filed against Rodriquez after he is alleged to have admitted to officers he was driving the car which he borrowed from David Dclgndo and later wrecked. Abila was killed when the 1930 Pontiac Sedan left a 'gravel road near Dell and turned over several times. Harrison quoted Rortriquc/, as saying that he borrowed the car from Delgado. Mr. Harrison stated that Rodriquez's borrowing the car from Delgado has been confirmed. In other action in court this morning B. A. Morris forfeited a 500,25 cash bond on a charge of cari-yln* a concealed weapon, ami Junior Mcrris was fined 550 and costs on his plea of guilty to a charge of driving while under the influence of liquor. QUOTAS disapproved by producers • " This has been interpreted, M r Adams said, to mean that If mar keling quotas are disapproved and even though a producer complies with acreage allotments, he will receive only 50 per cent of parity support price: if he does not comply with acreage allotments fie u-ill re- CC M»i n? su ,' ) ," ort Pf'ra at all and In addition will not be eligible for sort conservation practice payments. Carrots and parsley are members of the same plant family. ment, relative to collection of $2,199.37 percentage on installment of display equipment. N E W Kox Opens Week Days 7:OU p.m. Mafiucc Saturday *t Sundays Mai.-Sun. 1 |j.m. Coiit. Showing Manila, Ark. Saturday "SAGA or DEATH VALLEY" with Hoy Kogcrs al: "Ghosi of Xorru," (Jimp. S I-'iix Carlouii Saturday Owl Show "BLONDIE HITS THE JACKPOT" with Arthur J/nkc anil 1*1:11 ny Sin^Iulon I'lus 2-rtcl Comedy Suiuliiv & Monday "WHITE HEAT" »nc of (he oufs(:imliiig movius of MIL yciir. Also Shorls RITZ THEATRE, Manila, Ark. Saturday "ROARING WESTWARD" with Jimmy Wakcly Otrluon .t Serial Sillurday Ow) Show "INVISIBLE MAN" uilh Claude U;ihie^ Cartoon Sunday, Monday & Tuesday JOHN OlANA DON LUND-LYNN-OfFCRE -MARIE WILSON,.'.'. Warner \e\vs A: Cartoon the Courfs Chancery: Samuel Kiger vs. Gladys Ki»cr, suit for divorce. ' j Audrey Cook vs. Corbin Cook,! suit for divorce. Cienevic Taylor vs. Doyal Edward Taylor, suit for divorce. Josephine Palmer vs. Chester Palmer, suit for divorce. Georgia Key vs. Ralph Key, suit ' for divorce. " I Circuit: j N. F. Lonney vs. Die E. O. Dulh- ' man Company, el al, suit of attach- ! fsaac Currin, 15. o! Armorel died day al the home of his covenant. Can you get an FHA loan to buy that house? Yes. says Franklin n. Richards head of FHA. Why? Because the covenant was "recorded" before tile new FHA rule went into effect The rule will bar loans only to those putting such agreements into a court f'pp 0 "' UflC1 ' the r " le '"Conies ef- Kr-nson for Rule Kvubincd But what of verbal agreements ninoiiR house-owners In a commmi- ir | it.y to discriminate, say. against. Negro home-buyers? That will have no meaning, an FHA lawyer said ' But, in order to get an FHA loan will you Imve to as™ not to dis- cnmmnte ngainst Negroes or rmv other sronp if yon ever want to sell your place? No. say FIfA officials. Why? Because- Ihe government can't tell nny- me what to do about selling lii« house. It i sonly ruling It wilt not give loans to people inking pail in brother. Will Currin. Graveside ser- the Carr Cemetery at Armorel Ciiston l-'uncral Home is in cha: A "bridge" in a radio program (s a device, musical or otherwise, tn .--,- - - corer a sap between two sections of may be violated hangs over it, as a broadcast. You'll Find Love/y Christmas Gifts at the Catholic Ladies Wednesday, Dec, 1 ... a quill, pillow cases, and llic country store Rrah » I'-picre limclieon set. cake Am! candy bimlti. Refreshments will he scried . . . ham sanil- nii-liM, chopped chicken salad sandwiches, pie «nd coffee, rian to conic Wednesday. Sponsored 1 )V l!\c Catholic Ladies SUN.-MOiV. I-sal I);iy Two Color Hits "Canyon I'assume'' ALSO "Frontier (liil" Two Terrific Hits - - - lil;i l.ii])iiH> 9 Coniol Wilde Kic/iard \Viclmark in "ROAD HOUSE" — Also Technicolor l.aui;li Itil Danny Knyc e Virginia Mavo in "THE SECRET LIFE OF WALTER MITTY" With HOK1S KAUI.OIT Kilmerl in Ueatiliful Technicolor Last Diiy o Open 12 Wayne Morris in "The Big Punch" ALSO liLYTHEVILLES ONLY ou-r inc-viL-Li-o un I_Y -. r\ I r i •» -i T r. AIL WHITE THEATRE. * Owl Show 11=15 "The Hairy Ape" SUN.-MON. Terrific An iw t . SUoxv FORDHofDEN Colorado Also iVc-vvs — Color Cartoon W H E N Cl YOU FEEL WELL! STEWART'S DRUG STORE .Main & l.nke Phone 2S:!2 [Jlvlhcvillc PO.VT//IC RtHTS FACtCKY-tNGINttRIO TOW71AC PAIUi OIVI OENUINI PONTUC Noble Gill Pontiac, Inc. M. W. "Bill" Spencer, M 9 r. 216 South Lilly Phone -1371 Sunday CAREER UNTlt SHE SAW KATHARINE COSNELt ON THE CHICAGO STAGE, THEN NOTHING BUT STUDYING AT THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF DRAMATIC ART IN NEW YORK WOUID SATISFY HER. ^ ^MADAME O / BOVARY CHOSE HIS OWN COSTUMES FOR "MADAME BOVARY" AFTER STUDYING THE CHARACTER HE WAS TO PORTRAY. THE CLOTHES HE SELECTED WERE OLD AND IlL-FiTTlNG, THE BOOTS DUSTY AND WORN, AND HE W£NT WITHOUT A HAIRCUT. '#£&# ! BE^AMTA^flvriN^THE » FRENCH UNDERGROUND.HEIPING TO' ..f*'M A _ ND DISTRIBUTE A MIMEOGRAPHED OBTAINED A MASTER'S DE GREE IN ARCHITECTURE AT CAMBBIOGE UNIVERSITY BUT HIS DEEP INTEREST IN THE THEATRE TRIUMPHED WHEN HE ANSWJSED A MAGAZINE AD FOR A YOUNG ACfOX TO JOIN THE CAST OF A TOURING MELODRAMA. ^ 626 Plus Added Attractions NU-WA LAUNDRY CLEANERS

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