The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 23, 1952 · Page 4
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Saturday, August 23, 1952
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PAGE FOUR BLTTHEVILLK (ARK.) COUKH511 HEWS THE BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEW8 CO. H W. HAIN1S, Publiehw HARRY A. HA1NB6, AMtetjnt PubUnhW A. A. FREDRICKSON, Editor PAUL D. HUMAN, AdKrtleJng Unn»g«c 6ol» Natlon»l Advertising Represtntatlree: Wallace Wilmtr Co., Xsv York, Chicago, Detroit Atlanta, Memphis Entered as second class nrntUr at the port- office at Blytherllle, .Arkansas, undtr act of Con- grew. October 9, 1917. Mfmlxr of The Associated Prm SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier in the city of Bljthsvilli or »nj (uburban town where carrier serrlc* i» maintained, 25c pet week. Dr mall, within » radlm at SO mil**, ti.OO ptr yc»r, »2.SO (or six months 11.75 for three montru; by nittl outside 58 mile tone, »12-5<] per jear payable In advance. Meditations So I returned, ami considered all (he oppressions that are done under Die sun; and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had DO comforter and on (tie side of thcfr oijpj-essors there was jwwer; but they had uo comforter.— Eccl. 4:1. * . * * The poorest being that crawls on earth; contending to .save Itself from Injustice and oppression, Is (in object respectable In the eyes of God and man.—Burke. Barbs .The saddest thing to realize on an investment ..is that you'd be better off If you hudn't made it. * # * t If you always use the golden rule, It's easy to measure up! » * * Anyway, folks, you save food before dinner time and spoils your appetite. * * * It's considered ^ood luck to pick up a pin—nn- kss you do if with K shoe that has a. hole In it. * * * A New York doctor says babies under three months won't be spoiled by rocking. The kid brother will appreciate that. Land Reforms in Egypt, Iran Fight Reds by Aiding Poor First steps toward land reform, key to much of the unrest in the dangerously troubled MicMle Ertst, are being tnk- en !n two of the hottest spots in that part of the world. In oil-rich, Communist-menaced Iran, where 40,000 of the country's 41,000 villages are owned by landlords, the program is proceeding on two fronts. Premier Mossadegh has issued a sweeping decree taking 20 per cent of tha harvest profits from the powerful landlords and returning it to the nearly destitute peasants who do the work. At the same time the Shah of Iran has started dividing up among the peasants the immense land tracts o£ the imperial estates. Both those measures are a promising start toward removing much of the . cause of poverty and resultant instability in a country whose ability to remain outside the Soviet orbit is almost vital to the western world. Meanwhile in Egypt, whose wealthy and worthless King Farouk has just been thrown out, the army, of all people, announces plans for a program of land reform aa part of n general program to rid the government of corruption. The army, which overthrew the king and then took over itself, has presented to the government for action reform legislation which would include wholesale taking over of private lands. The owners would be repaid for their land in treasury bonds over a 30-year period. And henceforth no person, company or endowment would be allowed to hold more than 200 acres of farm land. The poor people, to whom the land would be resold, would have 30 years to pay for it. And they would get low- interest loans for improving it. Iran is planning a similar loan arrangement to peasants getting land on ty imperial estates. The United States Point Four program is providing about half the original capital. A few figures from the Egyptian delegation to the United Nations point up the necessity for land redistribution in Egypt. For instance, 0.15 per cent o,f tho land holders own 37 per cent of the land. On the other hand, 93 per cent of the land owners have only 33 per cent of the land. The total number of Egyptian land holders is 2,210,341 and the total acreage 5,290,050.' Yet 1,751,500 people own , a total of only 701,857 acres. And those figures are for a country whose basia industry U tilling th« toil 8ATOKDAT, AUGUST M, Approximately 70 p«r cent of the population Is dependent on agriculttira. Both Egypt and Iran have many problems, but common to both for years has been the possibly overriding one of land reform. Ironically tho efforts along these lines are now being made in both countries under virtual dictators who camo to power through force. But their' aims are worthwhile by our standards of fair play ami concern for the underdog. They also coincide with our efforts to combat communism in the Middle East. If Franco Gets Too Greedy He May Get Sad Surprise Spain reportedly has set a sky-high price for taking a position in the European defense line-up against Russia, which is a little inconsistent with her past performance. The Franco government rose to power from the Spanish civil war, in which the Communists actively hacked the side Franco was fighting, and finally defeated. Spain played it co/.y with Italy and Goi'immy in World War II, nnd evun had troops fighting alongside the Germans on the Russian front. The line of division between Communist Russia and the rest of the world ' is much more sharply marked than it was then, so why has Spain suddenly decided to take the role of a retiring Ferdinand who would rather nibble daisies than fight it out in the ring? After four months of negotiating between this country and Spain, little progress has been made, according to unofficial sources. We want military bases there, but not enough to meet the price Franco is asking. • Congress already has earmarked §125,000,000 in military aid to Spain, which may. have given Franco the not unique idea that there's more where that came fi'om if he can just hold out a little longer. And, difficult as the financial position of impoverished Spiii?i may be, it's just possible she can hold out. The situation of her farm crops is improved, for one thing. And it has been suggested that Franco may believe if he can just get over the present hump in the negotiations, his chances for really tapping the till will be improved. He may think that this country needs the bases in Spain so badly that eventually we will have to meet his price. But both the Pentagon and the State Department have indicated that if that's the way4ie:feels, he's in for a surprise. , -''-, With our whole system of defenses building up in Africa and under NATO in -Europe, the importance of bases in Spain somewhat diminishes. They're still important, of course, but not so much so that we're going to let ourselves get sandbagged. Not, at least, by Franco. Meantime, it will be interesting, '. when the wraps have been taken off the current negotiations, to see just how big a chunk of the moon he was really asking for. Views of Others That Dangle Again Comes now another college literary purist who views carefree diction dimly and vows gumming of grammar Is something he definitely Isn't for. His pet peeve Is the dog-eared but popular one— prepositions left dangling on sentences. Technically perhaps. It's a controversy he Is on the right side of. But meat folks are familiar with a lot of things the protruding preposition l.<i good for, being especially hnmly 05 something to replace words they can't think of with. Personally, we favor the loose school. MitltDy because there are jo many phrases there Is no accurate substitute for. At times like that, there'! nothing like a shirttall preposition. If the rlgtu- eous critic denies, we chaljenge him to precisely grammatkc, losing nary a nuance: "He got shot at." ' With due regard for the old-guard guaidians of the language, we still prefer the modern r;i!e- Learn your grammar right first, then when you know better than, beat it up as you need to. —St. Louis Globe-Democrat A New Low in Frustration SO THEY SAY We find the (International Rcrt Cross) committee has been Interested In covering up for war criminals.—Russian Gen. Nikola! Slavin. • » « There cannot be further discussion of our giving up territory now held.—Yugoslavia's Marshal Tito. • * « He (deposed King ParouV of Egypt> Is very good, believe me. It's the men who were around him.—Samla Gamal, formerly King Farours fa- vorit* t*U/ dine**. HOLLYWOOD -<NEA>- Tho Laugh Parade: A Jow ycuia before shapely Marilyn Monroe hit stardom, tha story Is going arounti, she permitted herself to b» plftced under contract to a publicity man and a talent agent. Neither of the men 1 e x n c 11 y turned ovo,r the town In an effort to get a contract for the lasa who'B the nation's No. 1 box-office attraction. Bo one Sunday morning, Marilyn drove up to t^ieir aparlment In a taxi. Sho was flat broke, sho said, nnd thero wns nothing: In her pantry but « box of cornflakes. "So If you'll lend mo 20 cents for a boltto of milk and pay the laxl man for the trip here and the trip buck," she added, "1 won't bother you anymore." Next day, the boys decided lo tear up Marilyn's contract. E rsJcine Johnson IN HOLLYWOOD for hours In ttia brackish mire. Finally, the Luplno voice ran^ out: "That was lovely, ducks, slm- ply lovely." in. °efer Edson's Washington Column — Indirect Controls on Inflation Have Record of Ineffectiveness WASHINGTON —(NEA)—There , War II years that it was possible re two approaches io controlling i to get direct and indirect con- nflntlon. One is by price and wage ! two years, has been that indirect -emtrols. This is the direct ap- trois coordinated with nny degree proach. which the average con-•of effectiveness, -.umer nr.S wage earner can ur.- • Congress Weakens All derstand. j The record of the Korean emer- The second approach is through; gency period, covering the past fiscal policy. sn(i;Uvo \ears, has been that indirect here Tne g o i n g : RS well as direct controls over in- really gets 1 nation have been steadily weak- rough. It in-;ened by Congress. Also, with the volve-j s u c h j various controls administered by JhLirs as supply j what amounts to a three-headed of mc-nsy in cir-' monster, it has been impossible cnlauun, reguls-i to make any of them work effec- IIDD cT cor^uiner i lively. - ' crr^ii. ist^rest | Congress itself has retained con- rates, c^eree of J trol over taxation. Wage and price e o ~. " c- r r.rr.ent: controls have been given to the Pelcr Edson sp?r.d;r.r. the' Economic Stabilization Agency, tmount and kinds of lais'Jon. j Credit conlrols have been given Regulation of all Ihefe things by Ho the Federal Reserve Board, he government provide.? indirect { Furthermore, Congress has resent- controls on inflation. j ed and limited the power of v the Some economic theorists believe ! President, through his Secretary :hat the direct conlrols on infla- ion are futile. The thing to do, they say, is take off all curbs, let prices and wages go where they l ?o as to encourage production. Then have a perfectly free market in which competitive over-supply of goods will bring down price levels by overtaking the demand. This sounds all right in theory. But in practice, where there are acute shortages of basic raw material. It Is frequently impossible for the supply ever to catch up with the demand. Then price controls and rationing may 'become necessary. The advocates of the free-mar- fcct theory Insist lhat all controls are bad, however, and the farthest they will go Is to at-rec to .some form of indirect control, seeking to curb Inflation by fiscal measures nlone. of tne Treasury, to influence Federal Reserve Board actions. In the new Defense Mobilization law passed in June, Congress even went so far as to end the Federal Reserve Board's authority to regulate consumer credit — installment buying of things like automobiles and household appliances. Federal Reserve Board's previous authority to have bank; limit cretlit by voluntary agreements was also taken away by Congress. Restrictions on real estate credit for the purchase of new houses were also ended, with the single safeguard that regulations down payments and time payments might be reimposcd if new housing "starts" rise above a rate of 1,200,000 units a year In any three-month period. This is a rale that has seldom been exceeded U. S. experience h.is been that! So for all practical purposes this it is a combination of tiirect and j control is dead, indirect controls which works best.] At the beginning of the Korean But It was only during the World war and the new national defense period, there was considerable nibtic approval for the idea of )ay-as-we-go armament. The pur- >ose was to Increase taxes to pay or defense. This would make government borrowing unnecessary. Calls Far Conlrols It was also Intenaea to siphon off excess spending power through the imposition of higher taxes. Thus it would be a further indirect curb against Inflation. This idea held for about a year. Then (he pressure of the higher axes themselves, plus the resistance to the high cost of the defense effort, resulted in killing the whole program. The showdown came last January when President Truman asked Congress for an additional $4 billion in federal taxes. Congress approved none. The result is that the fedefal ;overnment ended its fiscal year on June 30 with a S4 billion deficit, though on a cash basis receipts were only $600 million less than expenditures. v This deficit, less than a billion dollars in the red, is not considered alarming in view of the country's practically full employment and a gross national product of $341 billion for the past fiscal year. Aiso, consumer savings are high—517 billion, or above 1 per cent of income last year and running at the same rate this year. People are not spending all their money in inflationary buying. Under all these circumstances U is difficult to get anybody scared about infaltion and the need for more extensive indirect controls. The only cloud on the horizon is that unless the new adminislra lion sharply cuts back the defense program, a $10 billion deficit is In sight for the next fiscal year, and for several years thereafter. Under such conditions, there may be some pressure to revive not only indirect but also direct controls against Inflation. The mother of a famous foreisfn- born blonde beauty picked up a New York newspaper one day nnel read that her daughter's British husband hud moved out of her movictown mansion. "It's true, mama," the movie dazler said when the mother telephoned lo check on the story. "We're miserable together. Fights, fights, fights, all the time." There was a pause from the Manhattan end, then the mother said: "Get him back at once, my dar- ig. No matter how you fight, you should remain together. I'll ell you why. I remember nil your husbands and never before have vou looked so wonderful with a man. You're a beautiful couple. It would be a mistake to divorce a man you look so glamorous with." Daughter's still living with the guy. Sucky Swamp Scene Edmond O'Brien tells it on Ida Lupine. Ida the director, not the [ictress. During the filming of "The Difference," O'Brien and his co-stars, Prank Lovejoy and William. Tai- nan, were transported to a loca- :lon site and asked to do a scene in a foul-smelling swamp. As (he camera turned and Ida shouted :ier instructions to her players, the men suffered insect stings and reeled under the heat of the burning sun. Muttering oaths, they worked A Hollywood songwriter, spired by Hernia Wayne's Instru- nental hit, "Vanessa" (named ifter Vaness» Brown), »nd Hay Anthony's "Marilyn," dedicated to Marilyn Monroe, decided to hop aboard the bandwagon with a song iltlcd "Rita." At the moment, he's stuck with the first two lyric lines: ^Afler you've Khan "And left me crying. . ." New As The Hlllu George Dolonz, who's playing the handsome Italian who breaks up the romance of Olivia da Hnvillund and Klcimrd Burton In "My Cousin Rachel." recently ivrole to his father and stepmother In ancient Sardinia, where he was born. He would like for them to have a new home, he explained, and if they would cell him the cost, ho. would send a money order to cover the purchase. A month Inter, Dolenz' parents answered the letter, describing tha home they had found and naming tho price. "And the house is practically new," they added In the postscript. "Only 350 yeara old." A movie fur designer recently received a hush-hush call from a studio executive who told him lhat a certain blonde starlet would b« dropping into his salon for a fur 'coat. The designer was to give her anything she wanted, the executive declared, and the bill was to be sent to him. A few days later tho starlet showed up and selected a $12,000 black mist mink coat In which the skins had been manipulated In reverse, with the hairs going upward. Handing .her the box containing the coat.^the designer said: "This is a very unusual mink coat. The .very latest in fur fashions. Would you like to know how I worked it?" The blonde Lorelei smiled sweetly and purred: "No, dahllng. You keep your secrets and I'll keep mine." - card that happens to be fairly high. An nstute partner will size the situation up correctly. In the hand shown todav, for example, East eventually "mad< two high discards in hearts—bui. neither discard was encouraging. In fact, they distinctly warned West not to lend a heart. West opened the five of spades, and South held off until the third round. South then led a low diamond find hopefully finessed dummy's ten. East won with "the jack of diamonds and returned a low club hoping that his partner had a high card in (he suit. As It happened, South won with the queen of clubs and .promptly led the queen of diamonds to force out West's ace. West happily too!: his two remaining spades, and East discarded first the nine of hearts and then the jack of hearts. These hearts were high cards. Had East intended them to be encouraging, he would have discard ed them in the opposite order: first the Jack and then the nine. The fact that ho discarded the/n upward marie it perfectly clear that he did not want , the heart lead. West easily read the signal and there/ore returnee! a club when he had finished wilh his spades. This permitted East to take four club tricks, thus setting the contract four tricks. If West had foolishly led a'heart niter finishing with 75 Years Ago In Blytheville Carl Ganske has returned from a trip to Mexico. Marcus Pietz and Francis Cherry, the latt«r of Little Rock, have, formed a law partnership and have opened offices In Joncsboro. The P. E. Cooley.home at 1045 W. Walnut has been sold to C. Modtnger. vv © NEA If there's a big increase in the national vote In the November election, maybs it will be partly due to radio and television. Jot Parks snys people will probably turn out in droves to vote against some of the political horns they had lo listen to during the na- the Doctor Says — By EDWIN P. JORDAN, M. D. Written for NEA Service Through the ages countless men. The test is not a. disease, nor Is have blamed their wives If the It a sign of any specific disease, latter produced girl babies In- and therefore ' .tend of boys. Vast numbers of | treatment. It superstitions also have grown up nbout how the sex of a child is determined. Q—Who determines the sex of a child, tho male or the female? Header A—Tlie sex of an unborn child Is determined at the moment that tho father's sperm enters the mother's egg. The sex of the child lies in the arrangement of certain chromosomes present both in the egg and in the sperm—the egg has only one kind of sex chromosome, but Ihe sperm may contain one of two kinds. The sex of the unborn child depends on whether the sperm enter- Ing the egg contains the kind of chromosome which leans to maleness or the kind leading to femaleness. The sex of a child is determined by the male. Q—What Is meant by Meh sedimentation? Is there any treatment for this? Miss B. L. A—This refers lo a ter-t of Ihe b)ood which is commonly performed, particularly In the presence of infections. In most infections the red blood cell* *eUI» through the serum more rapMly tban usual snd this Is d»rcrih«fl as a high or rapid blood tcel:ir.«n- does not require - Is. however", one method of helping to make a diagnosis and following the course of certain diseases and the results of treatment. Q—Sometimes my left knee locks. When the leg is straight It won't bend until It is sprung free by straightening the leg even more and pulling up on tbe tendon lhat leads to that joint. Is this the kind of thing for which an operation might be useful? E. D. N. A—It sounds as though a piece of cartilage might have pulled loose and might be responsible for the locking In the Joint. If this turns out to be the definite diagnosis, an operation could be performed, and such operations have been done many times with great success. <3— Is It harmful fnr * person who HP.* had an operation for ul cor of the utomnch to *moVe four or five clarets a day? E. B A—Not nt*c?v*arlly; some !>»• llenu can apparently arnoke moderately wlihrnji »ny evidence of jharj/i. Dv.'or* vary R'imewri I on<i tre;rn art«-,'.h<!r. In tri**lr opinion th« j'ri-.«n<;e ol utonv JACOBY ON BRIDGE High Discard Is Usually Better By OSWALD JACOB! Written for NEA Service "What makes a discard encouraging?" asks an Oakland reader. "You often use this expression in your articles, and I have been wondering whether you mean that any high discard Is encouraging, NORTH 2! »K1085J *1074 WB8T (*) EAST ' *KJ85J 9143 » AS4 *JS + 83 ' +.A K 9 6 5 8OUTH 1* V A q 10 S Worth-Sou! B««lh We* 1 N.T. Fn Opertlnf and Ihni any low discard Is dls- No, the answer Is not quite BO dimple, In general, R high discard Is more cnrournKfnp than a low iJl^c.iro. but some-times a plover h»> I* Iferow •>.'»/ • wortblw* lis contract. " Foreign Exchange HORIZONTAL 56 Cops I Japanese coir, 57Fema!e ra 4 Mexican coin VERTICA 8 You spend i p en ivian francs in a co i ns French 2 Paradise' 12 Poem 3 Denials 13 Persian coin 4 s uppO rt« B Ireland 20Confuse 9 Among 22 S£r' sjSL 24 Salute tablets S6 War god 27 Musical direction 30 French school * 32 System ; ' 34 Washes I lightly 35 Fancy 36 Hypothetical forces 39 Chemical suffixes 40 Child's toy 41 Deed 42 Task - 45 Slices of bacon 49 Newspaper men 51 Former ' Brazilian coin 52 Prayer ending 53 Formerly 54 Finish i 1Z S » » ta W n> n i? Si SS z if U 3 " bbil L ' \ } ^ '0, V tional contentions. Answer to Previous puzzi,. c ~f E i _ . 0 V R = -r 5 0 £ A T fj a A •: T is rs I I'R 1 i e. = i_ 5 A EJ T r e 1 L. S L_ A f N £ EP r T CZL 0 - ;r R 5 t h H A o v_ E A A ff T . 1 rv r o E; K M 1 S A T E S E •^ S p- H i_ ;_ V i i -^ \ T" J V- ^ E ~ '; & '' s. R A, e s 0 B T » £. 1 -± T A f r A r. N f 1 F M A h L. E \ s f C A K J 1 i S- 23 Send 38 Calm 24 Demigod 40 Danish coin 25 Sour 41 Donkeys 26 Item of 42 Stuff property 43 HaU (prefix) 27 Broke 44 Unclosed 28 Carry (coll.) 46 Curves 29 Fruit drinks 47 Nevada city 31 Weirder 48 Lateral part 33 Instruct 50 Unit of weigh* 1 i'i t> H 41 *' * P Vb '^ 50 !T3 * t U. Y// f ^/& 3& HI) r '% a n * 4 '%, % 17 A) m it EJ H '$, ** 4V * 27 5) *i *7 [0 It, Y7 1 21 HTj

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