Calgary Herald from Calgary, Alberta, Canada on September 26, 1962 · 5
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Calgary Herald from Calgary, Alberta, Canada · 5

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Calgary, Alberta, Canada
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Wednesday, September 26, 1962
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5
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Available Weapons 'Not Sufficient' Today's Best From Europe (Denmark) Five 0pi omic rms 1000 Wjrri r THE CALGARY HERALD Wednesday, Sept. 26, 1962 Page At !l (PaulHellyer, Liberal MP for Toronto Trinity, outlines his party's views on the Bomarc debate and nuclear arms for Canada in the following article written for The Telegram News Service.) TORONTO Canada should not adopt defensive atomic weapons at this time, because none exist which provide any real protection. What about the future? No one can foresee the future with clarity, but the position at present is pretty obvious in perspective. After the Russians succeeded in building an atomic bomb they began so' it seemed at least to build squadrons of long - range bombers capable to reaching targets on the North American continent. Realizing our vulnerability, we began a crash program of radar lines and interceptor construction. The purpose of these and It was never considered to be anything else by the military was to provide protection for the U.S. Strategic Air Command. Any bombers shot down before reaching their targsts would leave more of SAC intact and give more pilots a chance to return to their bas es, from which they would deliver their retaliatory blow. It was at this time the early 1950s that the concept of the Bomarc was accepted. A line of pilotless aircraft (Bomarc missiles) was planned to extend from coast to coast to provide increased protection for the atomic de- The Old Indian Ways Arc Gone A nstocracy, NEW DELHI - Some Indians who have grown to middle age during the last decade talk nostalgically of the old order with its well-organized scheme of things, including a clear-cut class 6ystem which, if it had the disadvantage of keeping millions in poverty, at least produced a few who had leisure and money and knew how to live. In the bazaars there are still some who will readily recount anecdotes of the indulgent life of the local landlords and princes; of the great feasts in ancient mansions, revelry with dancing girls, lavish charity and a plenitude of money despite spending on a fabulous scale. By Balram Tandon Of The Observer Fortign Newt Service A pride in their position and wealth, superb judgment of quality, an abhorrence of labor as a means of livelihood and a strict code of honor marked India's aristocracy. But the mansion walls have grown mossy, and few of the ancient families have the money or care to fight the Socialist pattern of society which Mr. Nehru and the Congress party have set in motion. Nevertheless, with their disdain for labor, few of the old landlords work for a living. Most of them are content to eat up their reserves, eiiing i OBERLY, B.C. - After waiting for 18 years at the door of the little shack of a store that occupies tlie wide spot in the road that is Moberly, Steve Petriuk says that now the Trans-Canada Highway finally has come, he is "a little older but a lot happier." And it's a wonder Mr. Petriuk said that much about himself, for one of the many principles to which he adheres he took from the writings of Dorothy Dix and that is that "self-advertisement is not a virtue." Other principles Mr. Petriuk follows to the letter are based on his attachment to the Seventh Day Adventist Church which believes that Saturday is the day of rej;t. And that can load to complications when you are looking for a job, believe you, me and Mr. Petriuk. STRANGELY ENOUGH ft was that very belief that got Mr. Petriuk to Moberly from Edmonton, where he settled in 1928 after coming from Europe. He had joinec" ths church and in advertising for a job he noted that he could not work on Saturdays. The only answer he got to the advertisement was from a man who farmed at Moberly, which is simply a railway siding, in a beautiful sftting, a few miles west of Goldon. Mr. Petriuk was to stirk with his gun,? of a Saturday Brail during the depression years when hs sought work rcx KenT i i ... I 2 f j 1 PAUL hELLYER . . . no delusions terrant the striking power of the United States Air Force The concept made some sense at the outset. It has long since been overtaken by time and technological development. ' October 1957 should be remembered as a turning point in modern military science. When the Rusi-isns put their first sputnik into orbit, and proved that Uwy could easily build missiles capable of striking North America, the missile age dramatically began. The subsequent five years have produced miracles in research and development. Both sides in the Cold War have perfected missiles capable of carrying thermonucl-er warheads thousands of miles through space to targets on the other side of the globe. REVENUES SHRINK AND LUXURIES GO property to pay off taxes, and living on a shrinking income. Few have invested capital in industry. It is common to hear their plaintive cry for the return of the old days and a curse on India's new rulers. o o o To an outsider it may setm strange that an institution so widely and deeply accepted has vanished in just over a decade. This is best explained by the curious growth and character of the Indian aristocracy, which was divided into two distinct classes: the landlords with vast country estates conferred by successive rulers, and the princes of the feudal states. Only a few of the landlords the Indian equivalent of Britain's country squires extended their farms by buying more land. Most of them lived in the cities, invested in real estate and banking, managed their lands through agents, and paid them only perfunctory visits. The growth of organized credit facilities had made heavy inroads iiito their incomes from banking in the last three decades, and their iddells at a relief camp set up to construct the old Big Bend Highway, which Rogers Pass route has now put into the vale of memory. But the camp went along with him. While others took up their picks and shovels of a Saturday, Mr. Petriuk leaned on his principles, but in no manner did he receive a five-day week. He performed chores on the Sunday while the others rested. PUT BETWEEN THOSE events in his life and the construction of the store and, 10 years ago, his two cabins, not modern but as neat-as-a-pin. which go by the proud name of the Moberly Tourist Court, there lies an interesting story. While working for the Moberly farmer, Mr. Petriuk, now 55, was persuaded to take 160 acres, at $2 an acre, of bush land with partial cultivation. Be still owns it. In 1944, with an eye to the future, he decided to buy 10 acres on the highway at Moberly. He was going to fa-m it, but he was told he could not buy it for that purpose because the rest of the property was on the other side of the -Columbia River which is a delightful eye's throw away. THE REASON HE could not farm (he 10 acres, he was told, was that if he ever decided he weeded a bridge, subway or what have you to crrss the tracks to reach tb river, the whole thing could becom a problem for the Supreme Court of Canada. flcrrna w .mm Shortervange missiles can be fired from ships or submarines at sea. Air-to-ground missiles, otherwise known as stand-off bomc-s, can be carried under the wings of giant aircraft. Against these three kinds of missiles there is, at the present time, no defewe. Without doubt both the Americans and the Russians are putting great effort into the development of anti-missile defences. The Americans have developed the Nike - Zeus, which recently was tested successfully for the first time in the Pacific. Should it ultimately prove satisfactory, the number required and the cost of installation on a continental basis is staggering. From a practical standpoint the offensive power, on both sides, is so far ahead of the defensive capability that there is real doubt that a worthwhile defence can ever again be developed. Once again our Maginot line complex is being superseded by the possibility of launching missiles from satellite and by missiles with sufficient thrust to come the long way around, over the South Pole, and in the back door. ' In addition to the problem of the intercontinental ballis victim position was far from healthy before independence. But the mortal blow was the government's land reform program during the early 1950s. This program rescinded hereditary land titles, set ceilings on holdings, and granted tenants of long standing the ownership rights of the land they tilled. Real estate values have greatly increased, but rentals in most towns, excepting the larger ones, have not, and there is in any case a degree of control. The landed aristocracy has thus been left with an income that hardly suffices for their large families, let alone living on the luxurious scale to which they were accustomed. The princely families of some 550 states that existed during the raj have fared somewhat better. By signing a covenant during the early years of independence they surrendered their substantial feudal powers for annuities commensurate with the size and status of their territo-ie. Most of the princes have disposed of property, garages and stablos. Fleets of However, a railway section man bought the 10 acres for a home site for $25. He also built a home. When the section man was transferred, Mr. Petriuk bought the property from him for $500, which was then a lot of money. He moved in, a bachelor then and now, on Mother's Day in 1944 and such a house-warming there was. The 28 people who vote at Moberly brought 22 friends and there was a great to-do to present Mr. Petriuk with his title, clear of all encumbrances and no threat to the government because Mr. Petriuk was to live on the place and not farm it. consequently tlie Columbia River could go its own way. o MR. PETRIUK WELL remembers that fine night because apart from all the fun there was the startling business with the century plant. Such things bloom but once in 100 years and lo and behold if this one. owned by a neighbor who brought it along for a decoration, didn't mark its birthday that very evening. Well, sir, that was one for the Moberly News Letter which Mr. Petriuk took to writing and having published once a year to send to frit nds at Christmas to tell them what had happened in Moberly since the previous Yule. Mr. Petriuk still publishes this Wtor and it keeps him busy keeping a diary. The Moberly Social Club has as many functions (2fi) in a year m it has members. The most Line tic missile, we are completely vulnerable to attack from the sea. Every target in North America is within range of missiles launched by submarine (1,-500 miles). Against these there is no real defence and none in sight. Similarly, we are wide open to attack from stand-off bombs and as a matter of fact in most parts of the country by aeroplane themselves. Obviously, in these circumstances, the only "defence" is to keep war from breaking out. Thermonuclear war can be deterred, as it is at the present time by the threat of thermonuclear retaliation, but it cannot be waged successfully by anyone. The damage which would occur on both sides is beyond description. e Notwithstanding these ob-ious truths, we have proceeded blindly with our Bomarc installations. The Bomarc has become largely a political rather than a military question. The original concept of a line from coast to coast has been abandoned. When the U.S. cut the program by about two-thirds they might have abandoned it completely had it not been for political pressure from the Rolls-Royce limousines have been 'auctioned for a song. Today a maharajah is more likely to be seen in an old Ford or a sturdy Jeep. Except for a few, the princes have shown more resilience than the landlords. The reproving hand of British residents has stood them in good stead. Several with a public school background have entered tlie armed forces, the foreign service and other branches of the civil service. Some have gone into politics. More than a score, including the Maharajah and Maharani of Jaipur, were elected to Parliament early this year. But many of the princes prefer a quiet country life; tending their farms with the accompanying shooting, hunting and fishing. Their visits to tlie city are rare. Taking their cue from Britain, many have turned their mansions into museums, charging admittance for entry. The Maharajah of Jaipur runs part of his palace as a hotel, and another organizes shooting expeditions for big game hunters from abroad. exciting news Mr. Petriuk has had came with the last royal visit. The royal train, to keep tlie party's schedule in shape, stayed at the Moberly siding for two whole hours. Unfortunately nobody btrt. the guards got off. MR. PETRIUK IS just brimming over with items for this year's Moberly News Letter. He enjoys recording the comings and goings of people and he must have seen half a million visitors go by sine Rogers Pass was opened. So many stayed at his two cabins he was too busy to even hang up a "no vacancy" sign. But he did make great use of a "No Gas" sign which the cloudburst of business forced him on numerous occasions to hang on the pumps that pumped so furiously he employed three neighborhood women to give him eight hands. So having waited it out (and In the process, sweated out the agony of all the talk in the past year that the Trans-Canada Highway would go through the Yellowhead Pass to the north, or the Jumbo Pass to the south) Mr. Pet-.riuk plans to get to work, daily except Saturday, lo build a coffee shop, bigger store and a repair sh.p boside the pumps. And the little shack whora th canned goods sit so neatly on the shelves, will beome bis office whpr he will to quite content, a little older but much happwr, to sit and watch tto world gi by. Of The Corner state of Washington, where the Bomarc is made and from Ottawa. Now, having gone along with the Canadian Government and having paid the major part of the cost, the Americans feel cheated by our government's prolonged procrastination. From a military point of view, arming and maintaining the Bomarc is not sufficiently important to justify the expenditure of our tax dollars. It is completely ineffective against all missiles including stand - off bombs launched by attacking bombers. y The Strategic Air Command, which the Bomarc was designed to protect, is now organized on a 15 minute alert basis in the belief that in an all-out war any bomber which does not get airborne in the first IS minutes will never get airborne. The raison d'etre of the Bomarc, therefore, is gone. The retaliatory bombers, no longer rely on it. Its "passing" is acknowledged, except by a few political and military die-hatds. As a partner in continental defence, however, we do have some obligation to our neighbor, having given them the impression that we intended to use their gifts. 1 imes There are exceptions, such as the Nizam of Hyderabad, who tends to lead the frugal life of a recluse, nursing his billions reputedly stacked in underground vaults in his palace. The aristocracy has fallen victim to India's political and economic progress. The same process is, however, throwing up a new class of wealthy Indian, the contractors, industrialists and business men. Still loud in their ways by the old standards, they are slowly learning to acquire and appreciate the good things of life the hallmark of the aristocrat. takes the time to build the best This new His first jcb is a long w ay off. Yet yon can be sure that when the day arrives and he's off to work, your Philips mosttron Control TV set will be workin g too. That's the reason behind this dependable service? A new TV discovery. Thilips electronic experts decided to do something; about a common household fault that often results in premature failure of the picture tue and other tx-peniive TV parts. This common huh is pewer suree. To lick this problem, our exprrrj developed the Complex Perhaps the best way to resolve the dilemma is to offer to arm the Bomarc, under joint control, if the U.S. Air Force feels strongly enough about the matter to pay the cost of maintenance. Our defence dollars will make a far greater contribution to the collective strength of the free world if used to bolster our real fighting capacity to provide our troops overseas with the equipment they urgently need. They might be called on at some time to keep a thermonuclear war from breaking out. Meanwhile, the decision as to whether or not our air division in Europe will be armed with atomic bombs is more critical than the Bomarc question. We are committed to spend about half a billion dollars for a new strike attack aircraft, the CF-104, to re-equip our air division. Not only is the strike attack role coming into question, but there is real doubt whether our planes will be armed with atomic bombs. Some of the planes will be stationed in France and the French government will not allow the bombs, under the control of others, to be stored on French soil. In addition, in an all-out war, there would not be sufficient warning for the strike aircraft to get off the ground. In what other kind of war would we start using baby atomic bombs? The question of extending control of atomic weapons to nations not already possessing them is a political one. A good case can be made for limiting control and thereby limiting the number of fingers on the trigger. The question of obtaining defensive atomic weapons, under joint control, should be decided on a military basis. If, in the future defensive weapons are developed which offer some real defence of our people then we should have them. If, as at present, the only atomic weapons available provide no real defence and only give a false sense of security at considerable cost we should not delude ourselves. ""''"' 'Tj , 1 f s J- J y) i - ... f- L . . .J X ... .:,nei.'Ji i taw"'. : J 1963 Philips TV will still be working by the (Monitron Control is the reason why) I r jffT 1 n n n 'i TJ yV IDer Bjerregard "These tins of dog food really I'll take half-o-dozen and we'll our wav home . . .!" A Pinch In Ceylon ree spenaers COLOMBO After years of good living, Ceylon is running out of money. This island nation off India today imports more than it exports. The government spends more than it collects in taxes. Its foreign exchange reserves are almost depleted. Fear of repercussions from angry voters has prevented the government from carrying out its own calls for austerity. Most opposing politicians also shy away from the unpopular measures that Ceylonese economists and foreign experts say are necessary. By Henry Bradsher Of The Associated Press By December there will not be sufficient foreign exchange to import enough rice, basic item in the Ceylon diet. Despite the lush agricultural productivity and good fishing possibilities of this tropical island, Ceylon imports 43 per cent of its rice needs, 74 per cent of its fish and much of its other food. The country was warned of the December crisis by Felix Dias Bandaranaike, 32-year-old nephew of Prime Minister Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike. As finance minister, he proposed to cut rice imports and substitute cheaper wheat for a fourth of the weekly rice ration. wonttrov, a small but incredibly sensitive electrwu'a device which prevents these power surges reaching and damaging the expensive parts of your Philips set. Because of this added protection rhiiips has t'wjrfj its pkf.tre tube Kvaity to 2 full yean. Your nearby rhihps dealer wiil be g'ad to show you Philips mcm-trox Control TV . . . and you'll be g!J ro meet him. VTe pidced h;m for hiscourtcsy, his intccnty.his abihrv, and his wiliirunrss to provide; responsible ' Follow ThrousV service-. Soc yur Philips dealer today. ritsl - ,iir r ore a borgai buy a dog on Older politicians in Mrs, Bandaranaikc's cabinet considered a price cut political suicide. They forced her and Fe-iix Bandaranaike to back down, and the finance minister resigned. The budget he had introduced was further distorted by failure to collect a new 74 per cent saU-s tax. After two chaotic days this effort to reduce the deficit harl to be abandoned. "The troubb is," a leading opposiikm politician said, "w have been supporting a Rol'.s-Royce welfare state on s b jli-ock cart economy." In addition to subsidized food, the government provides free education a'id medical service and fubsidized transportation and housing. These benefits wore added atop an ecoiionv'c structure created by the British, who gave Ceylon uy.cpendence in 194S. They exported tea, rubber and cocor.uts to pay for necessities. The export gave Ceylon one of the aighest standards of living ir Asia, with a per capita iricjme plmost double that of Iniia. But in 1961 Ceylon's 10.167,000 people aver-at'ed an income of 617 rupees ( $123 57) apiece, scarcely higher than the per capita i ate in 1943 because a population increase of 5.8 per cent a year lias eaten up small economic gains. time he is PHILIPS

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