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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. ILYH—NO. Blytheville Courier BlytheviUe Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 18, 1952 TWENTY PACKS SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Hearing on Relocating Highway 61 In Crittenden County Begins Here Hearing on a proposal to relocate HiiflnvKy 01 to by-pass Ttirrell, Clarkilsle, and Jericho began in Chancery Court here this morning with aUornies maintaining the iigluvay Department has no right to by-pass a town. Tin-roll, and citizens of Clarkdale uid Jericho have asked an injimc- :ion to prevent Die Arkansas High in (he cave-in early in the week of March 3 and numerous other occupants were injured when, witnesses declared, the building collapsed "like a house of cards." (AP WIrcplioto) SEEK VICTIMS OF GERMAN FACTORY COLLAPSE—Police and rescue workers probe the ruins at a textile factory in pfulllngen, southwest Germany, after the sudden collapse of the two upper floors. At least three persons lost their lives Ike' Leaves Gate Ike'Told NATO Open to Campaign, Job To Lose Out GOP Members Say By JACK 1IEI.I, WASHINGTON (AP)-^Geu. D\vi t: ht D. Eisenhower's promise he will "regularly re-examine" the political situation seemed today to leave the gate open for him to campaign for the Republican presidential nomination. Most members of Congress who nescta in the preference popularity commented on the five-star general's letter to Rep.. Hone (R-Kan) and 18 other House Republicans came up with that interpretation. There was a difference of opinion, shaded by their support for other candidates, and fe\v, if any, expect to see the general tack in this country in civilian clothes before May. In a March 10 letter made public » j •] » ft I here yesterday, Eisenhower said ! RHarsil a I rt \ lytlr significantly he does not regard i |™SmlJ JQ I Q JJ|[K limself as "indispensable to the I •«•»•••»• 1W*»IMI» New Water Weil vote. Smith Gives Viesv Sen. H. Alexander Smith of New Jersey, who hasn't taken sides publicly in the presidential contest, told this reporter he doesn't believe Eisenhower ,will return to this country (Sec POLITICS on Page 5) ; success of NATO"—thc,;,JJorth Atlantic Treaty Organization com mand he now holds. This was regarded as. a direct an *wer 'to some of those.' pi- *i Ben. Robert A. T»ft ttf Ohio fcfr nomination—notably Sen, Brev«— ol Maine—that success of the West ern European duense set. up depends on Eisenhower's continued presence as its military leader. "There Is No Question" Asserting that there is "no (mes- tion in my mind concerning the propriety of answering a clear-cut call to another and higher duly," Eisenhower said It \vas "entirely different thing to leave H critical assignment for the purpose of increasing the possibility or probability of such summons." The 19 House members supporting Elsenhower had written the general they believed he ought to come home and "declare yourself on the pressing issues of the day." Personal Conviction Listed In his reply, which was written before he swept last week's New Hampshire primary, Eisenhower said that under most circumstances \ht would agree but he has a "dom- •-'inant personal conviction—during the next few months, no other job or mission that I can discharge seems more Important than the one in which I am now engaged-" The Elsenhower letter was construed by his backers as giving hope, however, that he might recognize the "clear-cut call" as coming from the result of a primary such as that in New Jersey April 15. He will be pitted then against Taft and Former Gov. Harold E. Stass.en of Min- V/eather Fo? Shallow Hangar Bids Asked — The City Council last night let a contract- for construction t'. a new shallow well here at n cost of $5.987, Mayor I. D. Shedd -•aid this morning. Aldermen also called for bids to build hangar space for seven or ehrht airplanes at Manila Municipal Airport. This contract will be lei, the mayor said, a., soon as bids have been received. Layne-Arkansns Company ol Stuttgart was the low bidder on the well and received the contract. Other bills were S8.500 from Watson and Company of Whitehavcn. Tenn. and 56,400 from George Newman o] Wynne. Mayor Shedd said construct™ of the new well is to begin immediately and is expected to save the city about 510,000 by using a "shal iow" well rather than arte-siai which supplies the rest ol the city's water. He said an analysis of water from the 150 foot level showed exact!: the same as that frcm the 1,400 foo level. The need for the new well, the msyor said, was created by expansion of the. water company and in| creased use by Manila residents. [ The well is to be a 10-inch pipe I capable of producing 500 gallons of water per minute, he said. n Political ace Hoffman Says U.S. Now Thinks Of Him As 'Candidate' PARIS l.'Pt— Paul Hoffman sail today that Gen. pwlght D. Eisen [lower's presidential prospects ar bound to conflict with his militar command in Kurope and that h urged the general to return t< the United States as soon as pos sible. "He's just going to be subjeetei to political pressures from mornini to night," Huffman told a report er. "That m<vns that he will no be in a position lo meet his oper ational responsibilities In SHAPE. Hoffman, former Marshall Pla'l chief and one of the general's chin backers for the presidency said had volunteered this advice tc Ei*°nho\ver during a scries of week end conversations. General I.noks Pleasant & head The City of Turre)l, citizens of ] when a four-lane highway Is to be built, officials said. "We prefer lo condemn and pay for unimproved property now and to prevent me Arkansas fllgn- for unimproved property now and Department from going ahead) save it Tor future use Chan lo have philanthropic Ford Foundation, said: "If-;he does. : "cpmc home, the first talk- he makes to 'the people willi plans to build 13.2 miles of Highway 01 from eight-tenths to >ne and one-half mile west o[ its present location. The Highway Department maintained it is necessary to relocate the highway to care for traffic. The. present highway cannot be widened sufficiently, they said. ' The towns on the present highway do not want the highway moved from them and the people who own land along the proposed route charge the Highway Department with asking for a right-of-way wider than necessary. A 250-(eel wide right-of-way is asked. The new 1 strip of road Is part of a long-range plan to provide a four-lane divided highway from St. Louis to Memphis, accord- Ing to George Pry of IJttle Rock, Highway Department Engineer, Alf Johnson, chief highway engineer, said the proposed route was recommended by the Bureau of Public Reads in 1M7. Although only two lanes are lo be built at present, a four-lane highway is to be constructed as soon as funds are available, highway officials said. As the hearing began, attorneys for the State Highway Department asked that condemnation proceedings be transfered to Chancery Court from circuit Court to "speed up the process of determining if this highway can be built." Chancellor Leon Smith ruled [lie defendents in the Circuit Court condemnation suit could ask that court to transfer the case to Chancery, but chancery could not anticipate that action and hear testimony in connection with condemnation proceedings. An attorney for the plaintiffs said the suit for. an injunction was brought by individuals whose lands would be taken by "excessive use of the ri~ht of eminent domain." (The rir>ht of eminent domain allows a government to take private property for public use. paying the private owner what a court determines is a fair amount for the property.) The plaintiff's attorney stated they further felt the city of Turrelt would be eliminated from the highway system, as would Clarkdale and Jericho. The -plaintiffs maintain such elimination w : ould be In violation of an Arkansas statute rcquir- of theiintc the Highway Commission to to spend taxpayer* money to condemn improved property in the future," highway officials said. Chancellor Smith said (he case involved two ruiesUons: u> doc.s the Highway Department have the legal I ,ight lo by-pass towns? And, i2i it' >o. has the Highway Department ex- reeded that right in this case? Attorneys for Ihe Highway De- aart are John D. Frierson unit David Walker of Jouesboro nnd Murray Reed of Little Rock. The Plaintiffs are represented by James Hale and John Pogleman of Marion. Testimony is to be taken this a'lernoon. Inside Today's Courier News of (,'onimrrce industry-seek- editorials .< . . wise to publicize ing atlivitlrs . Page C. . . . Holland News . , . Luxora Neu'.s . . . rage 7. . . . Truman's "Mr. I'rcsldcnl" . . . I'aKF.i D-12. . . . Arkansas News Hrirfs . . . Vage. :i. . . . [learn, Kennedy leave Cubs hltlcss . . . sports , . . Page 8. . . . Society . . . Page I. . . . Markets . . . I'uye 5. Acheson Gets Call To Defend Truman Foreign Aid Bill By JOE HAM, WASHINGTON (AP)—Key Senate and House committees called on two top administration officials today to defend President Truman's embattled 57,900,000,000 foreign aid program. Secretary of State Dean Acheson* . joes before the Senate Foreign Ro- Baltimore Negro Links Defendants In Trial ot Reds Reds Ask Changes In 'Ports of Entry' MUNSAN, Korea «>)—communist iiegotialors proposed four changes today in ports of entry to be included in a Korean truce and said !hey could not answer seven Allied questions about exchanging prisoners. UN Routs 1,000 Reds In Attack The United Nations Command rejected the proposed port changes and said it would wait for the Reds to figure out the prisoners answers. Brig. Qeii. William P. Nuckols, U.N. Command spokesman said he did not believe the port of entry problem would take long to solve. He seemed optimistic over the prisoner situation; said the Reds ap- perecl to be really "studying the questions." Communist staff officers tried to change two of Ihe five entry ports the Allies had proposed for each side. Pyongyang Brings Halk They balked at Pyongyang, North Korean capital as an entry point. They wanted U> substitute Sinanju, about midway between Pyongyang and the Manchiirinn border. Ot] the cast coast they wanted to replace Hamhung with its port city of nuuenam. The Heds tried to remove Scou. from the Allied list and substitute broad" te Sh ° l " d P I i Postpone,! keep up the Highways and improve them but to not eliminate any part Tne «'«'™»y Department lawyers | of prfll>(!rty from The Senate Foreign Relations! that town without due process of Committee yesterday postponed a ] law. a right guaranteed in stale and decision on whether to '"summon" " " the general to give his views Describing himself as "an old hand" around Washington. Hoff mai ... ' Arkansas forecast: cloudy to partly cloudy; scattered thundershowers extreme northeast portion TARTLY CLOUDi' Ihis afternoon: partly cloudy and cooler tonight; Wednesday partly cloudy. Log Kills Farmer CONWAY, Ork. 1,-py-t. 49-year- old farmer of the Enola Community near here was killed yesterday when pinned beneath a falling log. Earl Aaron Ingram was riding atop a load of logs when the wagon overturned near Enola. federal constitutions. The Highway Department Is asking the 250-foot right-of-w>ay in or" '••^•o^jjj. nun- der to have the land for a four-lane - sald lle knew wliat the gen- highway and so people cannot build crals political opponents could do] next to a paved strip and force the in the way of creating etnbar-1 state to pay larger sums for con- rassment for him" during a con- riemnation "of improved property gressional hearing. Hoffman Returns Tonight Hoffman returns to the United States tonight. He said that when he talked to the general last November. Eisenhower "honestly believed he could Insulate SHAPE from politics." This. Hoffman added, fe no longer true. "1 should think by now he would realize he simply cannot keep SHAPE from being a center of po- lillral di.-cus.sion," he said. ! The political side of Eisenhower's i life, he went on. Is bound to con-1 fiict with his mil'tary command,; "no matler how hard he tries to be j a Jekyll nnd Hyde." j Hoffman said that he lold Ei-en-j hower earnestly that "once he sets! certain things done here, it's br-st he come home." He sa:d he told the general: "You must get used to the fact that the people of the United States no longer think of you as supreme commander of Allied pow-rs in Europe but as a candidate for the presidency." Ifci^port. Inchon. They-also objected Foe Throws Punch At Western Lines In Dawn Action SEOUL. Korea f/P)— Allied gun routed 1.000 CJilnese Reds wh tried la punch through U. N. lines on the Western Front before dawn today. A U. S. Etehlh Army staff officer said the scattered attacks along n four-mile sector northwest of Ko- rangpo failed lo dent the Allied line. The urea was the scene ot bit [ations Committee to answer questions about the big spending measure. W. Averell Harriman, director of the Mutual Security Agency, was the opening witness at hearings by House Foreign Affairs Committee. Elarrlnmti Defends Need Harriman yesterday completed two days of questioning before the Senate group, stoutly maintaining thllt all of the money Truman, requested was needed to meet the free world's defense goals In the iicocU year. Many members of Congress have announced they will vote [or cuts ranging from one t/j' four billion dollars. Tho Senate, meanwhile, continues if.s debate on ratification of the Japanese Peace Treaty. Leaders hoped for a final vote, by late today or tomorrow. Gruenlhcr (o lie Mere Chairman Connally (D-Tcxi ol the Senate Foreign Relations Committee told a reporter that On. Alfred M. Gruenther, chief deputy to Gen. Dwlght D. Elsenhower, would be here in "a few days" to testify for the foreign aid bill. After Gruenther ap]>eais, some committee members may revive a move.to call Eisenhower to testify. A motion calling for this was voted down. 7-5. then reconsidered and temporarily shelved in the committee yesterday. last $ December &ud ter fighting January. Allied —.-,,-.-, ~..~..~... «..v.j .....i, u.ij,.t..i.u Korean s^iB^ 4 but heavy clouds to Tacgu, an aerial entry spot in sheltered many Communist Ptonnd Southeast Korea. Instead they pro- targets. Fighter-bombers blasted posed Suwou. another air center j 57 new ho!"s in the wobbly Red situated on a rail and highway [ rail system before noon. Other at- junction. lint it is In West Korea. [ tacks were mounted against the about 20 miles south of Seoul, •(. "One Port" Arjrncd Allied staff officers argued that Seoul and Inchon should ' Housewives Will'March' For Red Cross Volunteer housewives are lo cnh vnss IBlylhevlllc lonunrow morning soliciting 1 funds for Red CroM, it - Housing Supervisor Says He Saw Several At Meetings of Party BALTIMORE f/P) _ A Baltimora Negro, who snlci he Joined the Communist Party In 1043 to spy on it today linked to party activities some of the defendants In the current Communist conspiracy trial here The witness was Charles M. Craig supervisor of a Negro housing project. He told a Federal Court Jury tin had seen Mrs. Dorothy Hose Blumberg at Cummuiil.it Party meetings while he was a member. He said Mnurlca Bravcrman, Baltimore attorney, had been at several Communist Pnrly social functipns. First-Time Mentioned It was the first time the namei of Mrs. Blumberg and Eravennan had been brought Into the testimony of four former Communists the government has called as witnesses. Three earlier witnesses In the trial, now in lUs second week mentioned Philip Frankficld. chairman of the Communist Party In Maryland until lie was transferred to Cleveland early In 1951. The other three defendants are Frankfsld's wife. Reghm;' George Meyers, who succeeded Frankfeld n.i state chairman; nnd Leroy H \Vood, head of the party branch Iri Washington. be con sidered a single port of entry * the armistice agreement. They also Irmaiffor the I<te3 Fund pnign heie and her co chairrmn Mis Kathleen Thomas, listed .suction chairmen for the "housewive's inarch." chairmen ale: tried to get Pusan and Masan idea- j . ^ , titled as a single port. Pusan. in I ih minor. Southeast Korea, Is the major U. N. | rr( J simolmg Comniuni-l fronl li C.ecse Cause Alarm Air raki sirens howled in Seoul! — _ ., ^...,- earlv Tuesday morning but Ihe i saw Courts; Mrs. Wayne Dill, David "unidentified tarrrcts" proved later j Acres; Mrs. Clco Wren. Pride Acl- ditlon; Mrs. J. C. Ellis, Jr.. Country the i Club Addition: Miss Anaic Hood, Lo be a flock of snow geese. Ground action the rest o seaport in Korea. Masan is another port $6 niiles west. • - • i I'li'HS Ee];(frin[i The Reds objected to both ideas, j munist soldiers The Allies said the Communists were attempting to unduly restrict star Jets hit Red roop and artllicrv nosl- movement of neutral inspection teams which arc to supervise men a nd supplies com Eng into Korea (See CEASK-FIKK on l'a B c 5) for l!ie fOTirlh straight dnv Pilots reports! they killed 15 Com- cj de.strover! e! 'ht field oirccs. an ^ntt-aircmft gun and 18 troon hunkers. ; _r, charger) vr'Kh c/nspir- •dvbtab's rmA licit the o/cr- . of the government bv forc&'a and violence. -Kj Craig said he Joined the ' party ' as an informer for the FEE. . Craig went lo the stand after Mrs. Dick Wat-son, Walker Park i llctt ' nse attorneys finished their Addition: Mrs. I. L. May. (Jhicka- cross-examination of William Odcll Nowell, Detroit Negro who testified when he was a member of the party he had been trained to spread unrest among Negroes in Virginia North and South Carolina, Georgia. Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky and Tennessee. Nowctl said the Idea was to Incite Negroes to rebel and demand a nation of their own. Vail Addition; nnd Mrs. Mason Dny] Davis Third Addition. Section chairmen have appointed 150 block and street worker* lo n:;- Phone Cable Vandalism At Air Sase Here Under Investigation four Instance.:; of costly vandalism resulting in disruption of telephone service in the air base vicinity are under In vest [gat Jon by the sheriffs olfice, a South- Tvesteni Hell Telephone Co. ot- firial said todfly. The fourth case of vandalism in three weeks was discovered yesterday when Bell linemen found a cable at the air base had b -on perforated by .22 calibre slu^s at 2!> places within a space of Jo feeL W. W, Mitchell, phone company wire chle! here, said the vandal- ism be«an three weeks Bgo Sunday wlirn someone cut a main distributing frame at, rhe base. Later, he said, someone cut down and curried olf 600 feet nf lead-covered copper cable. This was replaced by drop \virr It al?o was cut, although not removed. Each case of vandalism, Mr Mitchell said, disrupted phone service at the air base, Go.<mell and in the area between Blythe- villc and (he base. He al?o stressed the cost involved in repairing and replacing expensive and hard-lo-gct cable. ,/ef Anniversary Other F-f>0.i flattened warehouses nnd set off rxt)!o:uons nt Annk and Chunyv'on near the west coast of Nrrth Korea. Fnstcr P-flfi Sabre Jets, flying: engine. protective cover for the Shoo'tlng Stars, failed fo snot a MIG-I5 jet Tue.sday. LOCKLAND, O. Wj— Jet aviation is celebrating a birthday here today and tomorrow— (.lie tenth anniversary of the nation's first jet Dust Hits Arkansas LITTLE RbcK [>Tj -Dust from high winds in Texas and Oklahoma blew into Arkansas today, reducing visibility in many areas. Lost-CM A Wiil Pe Tonight I Miss Jean Graham. 26-year-old ' pianist, will appear here tonight in th;* last of three concerts pre: scntcd Oils sea.-on by the Civic j M'-.'lc Association, , The coiK'rrt. will beiin at 8 p.m j in the lilythcvillc High School Auditorium. I Although admission is by membership only. CMA officials havc announced that out-of-town vislt- ! ors and others who have come to I nivthevillc since the membership 1 drive may btaln tickets at the door. single Red; i i • m , __ „ . | Morris Wooing Trouble in Asking " S. Officials to List Income Sources WASHINGTON (AP) — Newbold Morris faced more trouble from irate Congressmen today as he set I cut to a=k 25,000 higher-paid ROV' eminent officials [o Itst their sources of income. T)n; mailing of rnirslionnaircs to the 25.001) signaled the launching of Mniri.V widely hoaralcled search for corruption in the government. Morris has made clear that gov ernment officials receiving the quiz sheet have no choice about 11 It out. short of resisniiig. C'nmmlltec Summonecl Mcanwlille, Chnirinan McCarran D-Ncv) summoned his Senate Ju. iciary Committee into clased session and announced he would nrga it to reject Truman's request that Morris tie given power to seize records and summon witnesses. McCarran said he would vote such powers only for some cleanup man appointed subject to Sen, ate approval—and with safeguards i for congressional Investigative pew- Trwman Decision on Election May Be In Making in Talk with McKinney 11 y ERNEST it. VACCARO Missouri forecast: Cloudy'thrcugh KEY WEST, Fla. (,<F) — The pos- *Tueslay night with occasional rain i sibility that President Truman's or drizzle east and north Tuesday ! ' on s -deferred .. .__._ _. afternoon and some light rain c.r! to run "gain may be in the making man. former newspaperman and now a Mutual Broadcasting com- imcntator, revealing Intimate de- decision on whether toils of the President's own dairy. [See related story on • Pages 9-12.' Passages dealing\with Truman's Minimum thu mcrntng—39. Maximum yesterday—58. Sunset today—6:10. Sunrise tomorrow—6:C6. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a.m. today—.38. Total precipitation since Jan. 1— 1J.23. Mean temperature i midway tween high and low;—Wo. Normal mean temperature March—51.2. This Dale Last Year Minimum this morning- 44. Maximum yesterday—64. A national committee official said in Washington strong pressure was building among Democrats for an early answer — at least to McKinney in private — on whether Truman plans to run again. The nffi- The book may widen differences between President and gress by its revival of his idea of limiting congressional service to 12 years in either house. McKinney's part in persuading the President to allow his name to lor Csceola Woman To Head School Food Association Mis. Bryant It^nrion of Osccula. has been clecled president of Mississippi County School Food Service Association, it was announced yesterday afternoon. Other newly-elected officers are Mrs. Pete Dullard of Whitten. vlce- ternoon following an all-day meeting at Wilson, Members of the association heard a panel discussion on sanitation and nutrition in school feeding and saw a motion picture of meat Inspection. 'Hie next meeting of the group Is scheduled for Oct. IB at Armorcl. clal who asked not to be named, remain on the ballot In said party workers believe McKIn- shire's primary election" after" lie i ney should know enough to give first announced he would not do thrm private guidance. |so. Is certain to figure heavllv in | Trash Fire Causes Alarm : McKmney Cruiser Arrives (his discussions with Ih* President McKmney arrived here vestcr- ' rcsmem. Dr.*i.Mt'.Y — ~, •' — <••• : day In his own 50-foot cabin cruiser had smcp ! Precipitation January 1 to date-^ fe«v hours before publication of ne«e e score: reviews of a book by William HIU- lory there. 1283. Kefanver of Ten- stunning upset vlc- nurning trash at the home of Toby Lons, 121 West Ash. was the j cause of a lire alarm last night, I No properly damage resulted. . ers. He contended that Morris had ling ! shown "utter disrespect" for Congress. Iteserilment Impressed The Nevada senator was one of several lawmakers who expressed resentment over .Morris' hot-tempered testimony last week before a committee questioning him about his role in profitable ship deals and trade with Hed China. Sen. Ji nner in-tnd) n Committee member. ;<>h! a re;»:ior he would b.u-i McCarr;tn's luriKlown ticmand. frc.-idtnt Truman n.imrd Morris a s[3ci'lal ar^istant lo the aUcrney Bcncral, which docs not require Senate confirmation. v McCarran .sain he plans U> set Morris befnic the committee before Easter to say under oath whether he ever associated with any Communist front organizations. TIIKY RENOUN-fED COMMl.'NISM-A group of Norlli Koreans, captives of the Allies ou Koje Island, wave S-iuIh Korean flags and cheer after a fight between mal groups at Kojc. Tnr-ie men, in sUickade 93, renounced Communism. Other prisoners in stockade 92 did not. A rock fight broke out between the l»o Rump?, Mouth Koirnn sohliei-.i on nuard duty opened fire, killing 12 and wounding 26 in stockade 92. (AP \Ylrcphoto) LITTLE LIZ— Nothing brcxidenso woman like Irovel—except o pair of slocks.