The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 14, 1952 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, March 14, 1952
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Y, MARCH 14, 1952 BLYTHEVILI.E (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE NIN» FARM HEWS *" p REVIEW County Agents List Pertinent Facts About Proper Goose Management By KtlTH BII.BKKY and H. II, CAKTKK ': County An fit (» '"' In this article we of the County Intension Office have sumnmmcd pertinent facts d practices in goose iniinajfenient for cotton fanners. [fc^While these practices are not con|lf|F?red to be the last word on gec^e, ]'they ore a .summary of coni'hi- renched, based upon a sUKly I of published material and upon •Interviews with Mississippi County fanners having experience with | geese. '•We hnve listed the fuels and n-actlceji under their proper head| ings. Breeds of (ieese • IV Most, form flocks of RCRSL' in thr i J 'United Slates have n high percent | ; of Toulouse or Emden blood, 'Hie Timlousp is gray over all pArts of r eggs are unavailable, contact your County Agents. ! 17, Prom four lo six eugs muy be • set under a hen and 10 to la under i a fjou.-e. the exiict number ing upon the si/*? of the brood* 'body with the except ion of (he \ abdomen which Is while. The Fini -solid white in color. Another I breed which s™«ns lo be incteasiHK in popularity, because of its usually I hicher egg production than other! 1 breeds, is the White Chinese. 'Hie ' j: Chinese l.s more upstanding (him I -other breeds iintl tins n knob at the !>^e of the bill. anagement ol the lirerilin*: I'lork 2-. The gander's high .shrill voice I-may help to dtethmiish him from -Uie female, which has a lnu.sh, *U-SR voice,' mntel.v every three female.*;, 7. Grese will start laying earlier in the Spring if they are fed a laying mash beginning the first part of Januarys 8. Ef<<< production is maintained by feeding laying mash and break- ! bird, the size of the eg^s, and the ing up bloodiness. Almost, all gre.se ! earl I ness of (he season. will lay a second clutch of eggs if j 1B . Let the goo*e use her regular broken up after going broody the nost for incubating her egg* Most flrst time. This Is done, al least to | Kccse are not inclined to set in a Mime extent, whore :i maximum j ncw pj ace number of goslhip.s are desired to, 19 , mtcrviews with farmers indi- l» hatched and where hens or oilu'ricate that one of the major diffl . mpnns of Incubating lire available. 9. To break tip broody geese, confine Ihem away from their ni'.-it. It i is generally believed that Lhr broody •geese ft re easier broken if they are confined when they first go broody, t 10. Gather eggs daily to stimulate ! further laying. liirubJlEng On use Etfjfs x> you tij goclingc U sudden rain. Uiuil [hey learn to go under *!ielu>r when It rains, they will stand in It with their heads up and drown. 33. pulling the down off each others baclts is a trouble very common in gcftlinuA kepi Indourt, loo long, It- can usually be stopped by giving them an outdoor run with pasture. 34. Goslings may be led as soon AS they are t mulled- 'Si>. ID leeuittg Boilings, some ieeii the so.shnjifi uuee or lour tiinub duiiy \vlifcu Uiey will clean up m abi>ut 15 minima lor the i>r^t uee<c, •iiitj two or three Lnnea uuring iht actjum to lourih wetk. Outers ketj, leeci beiore i-hem irom the time ol muching. A chick .star linn or growing in iiAii may Jje ledj either urj t,r, IE led til regular Intervals, moistened with milk or water. A peJlelec n:ash muy tie uswi. The young goslings should, hnve access to gras.s or i>ih e i 1 .succulent pasture. cultip.s in hatching egg.s under geese I i-s firhtitiR among the geese. : 20. In I he case of a lien, set her \ in a quiet olace where .she will not ' be bothered and provide feed and | clean water daily- Rub a few pinches of .sodium fluoride into the fcath- i over- different parts of the body. especially around the vent, 10 rid 11- Gather hatching eggs daily f tllp nf '» of lia> . Otherwise. h?n.s may and .store in a cool place. The .stor- Q'^ 1 - the nest due to lice, age place should have a rHailvnv I 21. Additional moisture is needed high humidity. It is f 1 - ' where hens and •-!?i the eggs daily if held more ' ot ' setting. This is usually supplied than two or three day.-! >»ly during the lusfc week or two of 12. Dirty or soiled eggs should tx- i incubation and by sprinkling or dip- wiped with a damp cloth before ' P'"R °f tne eggs daily hi lukewarm \g. Flock mating, whore the geese • being set. i water. If dipped, the eggs probably are allowed to select their own j 13. Hatcliability starts falling oil ; should not be left In the water mates, Is more practical-for farm] in eggs held longer than a week, i lo "ge'' l«nn about one-half minute, production than individual one-i H. Fertility of goose eggs is usii- * f tllc -setting goose is provided • male malings, and will usually re-] ally good In Hock mating Hatch— ll In higher fertility of hatching j ability, however, varies widely. 15. Goose e^s do not hatch Hog 'Iriers Advised to Stay in In Spite of Market Conditions M'lTLE ROCK. Ark.—The pics-1 <ut depressed hog market is making some solid hog raisers In Arkansas wonder If 'they ought to be "ont'rrs" this year. "Out'er" is opposed [o "iti'er". belli long-time icims. among hog raisers, which Indicate farmers who are In the hog business In times of high prices and go out when price is low. explains Howard a. Ford, Extension meats specialist. "Hut don't let the present high "But the story goes a Klep further." Ford finpIm. 1 ;izcd. "Look at liat happens through the yeuis." When the ratio is low farmers ntarl si'llhiK breeding stock and many cusps -sell out completely. This plentiful supply lurVhcr dp- presses (he market at prcHpnt. But • 18 months to two years Inter this present telling will result in fewer , hogs—thus brini* on hlMher prices bee;mst? of smaller supply, '. Then the cycle fihlfls. Fanners see that prices arc higher, there i short leed supply, the picture , does not seem bi'lght for producing 3u. Alter about three weeks, il j hogs. Hnt farmers are advised by plenty ol succulent uafiture is u\all-| Ford to atop and take a good look 1 only a small amount ol other! at (lip history of the hog business ' before deciding to f;o out. Tlic steady producer seldom lo.scs money prices scare you into bring an out'-1 ft re fewer hogs being marketed, and pr—In other words Into Kotng out 1 the in'ers c<nnc Into the picture ; n/ the hog business." the University I and .start raising hotfs agniti. Two] of Arkansas specialist advised. \ more years Uitrr the siumtlon is With low ho^ prlce.s coupled with I right back where It started from— t itu ww ue needed. 1! desired, may be (abconimiicd at this aim only grain i«cl. Alter goslings on hogs since his equipment Is paid ] price- Is high. with low hog prices, "In and out'er" production k the main cause of these la rye price fluctuations In the hot* market. Foliov-'iiiK sut-li H trend the farmer lin.> mo:.i pigs to fell wliru !''.e price Is low and fewer to sell when aru about, -six to eiynt weeks old! for nnd he ran increase efficiency iney are UhUaliy raised Urgtiy on grti.s alone ana are use tut in 4. A body of .water for geese l.s |. generally considered desirable during thR breeding season (.0 increase copulation and fertility. . .5. Mature geese do not seem to hP£d any shelter In the Samh. except shade In the heat, of summer. . 6,. Small coops, barrels or small .opjen boxes which will give a space I of.a.s much as 24 Inches square with water for bathing tlonal moisture Is needed, the nest and straw on the it is harder to secure good hatches of gou.se eggs in incubators than under broody hens or geese, with present knowledge of artificial Incubation. 16. Recommendations relative to temperature, humidity, ventilation, and turning and position of ep»s differ for artificial incubation. The . Ehjnild be provided for laying nesta | manufacturer's instructions for the In the yards. Place straw In the incubator should be followed. If In- r.nesta. Provide one nest for approxi- .structions for the hatching ot goose ANNOUNCING ... To Cotton Growers— A New Method for Cotton Pest Control! REED'S COTTON SMOKER >And REED'S 1-3-6 COMPOUND A Combination of Tractor Attachment and Chemical Amazing Low Cost! Tested and Proven I well as hen eggs In incubators and i witl he 'P !>i«vitle the additional moisture, but it is questionable if this source alone would be sufficient in the case of hens. 22. Goose egg.s take from 27 to 32 days to pip and another two or three days to complete the hatch. 23. Helping stow hatching Roaling* out of the shell is a questionable practice. At least one should not get In tco big a hurry to help goslings that appear to be having (.rou- ble. 24. Trouble is sometimes experienced with, hens leaving the nest- after the first goslings are hatched out and not waiting on the others. If some of the eggs hatch much earlier than others, the first arrivals may be removed and kept warm until hatching Is completed. 25. Hatches coming oft at the same titue may be combined in the ca.se of poor hatches, if de.sired. 26. Spraddle legged go-sbng.s con fields at this age. iUanugeim-nt of Working Cecsc a7. V.e coiLSKJcr R an accepted and proven i«ct. thai the usu OL tuvkcys arc n.sed j sct.se in cotlcn iielcis LS by lar ihe :ai nieaiLs ol not only controiliug H auiualiy eiimiuating Johnson •ASS- 'Ilicy aha control other, grns- s icx^ept i'ox tail). 38. Geroe will not work well in jepiiig fira-ss out of coiu.ii unless hey ure kept hungry. Howt-\cr, it a the general practice to iced M^IIIC Ii-Rin 10 ycese in cotton lield.s. iLo.'i- ei of geese sometimes occur due to starvation.; llie aniouiH oi teed ed varies aaiony larmers, and up>n tlie amount of grasa present in Lhe coLton. t In a .study made by i adcii- Having round effective Insecticide "Saved mv crop".. ."Dcfinitelv ro*th»tf wily 25c-3^o p«r acrt p«* better than other method* be- »P9U«*Mofi. And y«m tr*ai while sides being so much cheaper"... """" *" ut ^ fc *- "• wonderful machine". ."I used will have a Order Now! il™?*! r »' ?" ! ver ; v «. cultivating •-a* «- ,.-. i-. •""","..,These y«i mHtote, of 19M mod eh. Ord*n to b« flllMl M rec«lred. A RMtn«y-making flnit ad n4 trHctw. far 'A one In 19S1 'Smoker'. nn tractor I use in are typical statement* by cotton growers who have used and recommend Reed's 'Smoker 1 and Compound. Also Announcing , . , Appointment of BOWDEN EQUIP. CO. INC. JOINER, ARK. Dealer for Mississippi and / Crtttenden Counties THE FOWLAND CO.—Exclu- *Smoker' and Compound, Box Bive distributor of Reed's 923, Pine Bluff, Ark. ihe hatch may be saved by tying Ihe legs together at the hocks in a normal position for a day or two. Brooding and Raising Gosling* 27. Examine goslings hatched under hems for lice at hatching time , and if lice are present, rub a lit: tie lard, grease or vaseline over the i head and neck. j 28. Confine the hen or gcose to a coop with a board floor and | clean litter for about the first ten I days or two weeks, allowing t h i goslings access to a small yard o short grass or other succulent pas i ture. Move the coop frequently to keep the premises clean and to pro- j vide fresh grass for the goslings. 29, Goslings may be artificially brooded and they require only a .short period of heat. The brooder .hLs office, the average weekly »1- oivame was about two ears per goose per week In irequeucy of [ceding- 36 pei 1 cent o Khe .farmers n the siudy reported feeding daily; 11 per cent, three times a week; 25 per cent twice a week; and 25 per :eiit once a week.) getting you tig artificially- brooded gcslings started to work hi cotton, It will be necessary to shut off their feed. It may nko be necessary to keep them away from the house where they were raised and led. 40. Rye or .some other winter pasture should be provided to reduce the cost of wintering geese 41. Shade should be provided geese during hot weather. 42. Geese will control grass in .strawberries. They should be removed If and when they siarl damaging the berries. Limit the geese to the number necessary to keep down ihe grass. 43. Geese are susceptible to comparatively few diseases. They enjoy long life; some have been known to live for 25 years. 44. Geese .sometimes become infested with lice, but seldom to the point of serious injury. Sodium lo meet fluctuations in the corn lies rnlio. The "hi and out'or" on the other hand lo>es nionny wtien he sells, and then pays high prlcps when he buys—always making hog prnfirs a gamble. Ford explained the situation this w a y, Swine production and oilier livestock enterprises tend lo work in cycles. The hog production cycle is usually a four-year one—meaning a high and a low price In e\'ery four-year period. ttiRBeRl single fnclor causing this is an up-and-down swing in production. This shift In production is brought on by the feed and hop price relationship commonly called the coin and hog ratio. This ratio Is simply an indication of the number of bushels of corn required to equal the value of 100 pounds of live market hog. The normal or average ratio Is considered a haul 12 to 1 02:1), meaning that 12 bushels of corn equals in value 100 pounds or live hogs. When the ratio Is higher than 12, it means cheap corn and higher priced hogs — thus profit to the feeder. A lower than 12 ratio means high priced corn, cheap hogs and loss to the feeder. Ford explained. At present the ratio l& about 10 to 1, thus very depressing for feeding out hogs. A had situation will prevail. I'Yucl advised, mull more swine producers :ulo])t a production program that IIF.S little variation from year to year Or if it is necessary to v a r y the program, production would be based on probable future ; market rather than current prices,' If because of local feed situations \ it !s iitK.'CW-ary to muke s'nno • changes, a producer would IIP bel- ter off to study 'TirecditiK Inlcn- j lions" and "Pig Farrowing" reports ' rather than the current corn and ' hog ratio. These publications come j out about December nnd June of I each year as aids In helping fore- j cast future pork supplies. 1,260,000 Chicks Placed in State Hatchertas and dealers hi Arkan:as placed 1.260.000 broiler chicks with producers in the northwest area during the week ending March 8, according to the Arkansas Crop Reporting Service. This Is a decrease of eight per cent from the previous week. Of the total placements 882.000 were hatched In the area and 378,000 came from other states. Ginners And Planters have your Cotton Planting Seed Machine Delinted Ceresan M Liquid Treated* • Air Cleaned O Screened & Air Graded BAGS MACHINE SEWED Act Now! PROMPT SERVICE — UP-TO-DATE FACILITIES. Add to your profits by early germination; elitniiiiifinn of Faulty seeds; nn damping off or will; nu planter choke-tips; earlier maturity; increases fin;il yield of lint cotton per acr«. * New "Slurry Method" i Biytheville Delinting Corp. Highway 61 So. . BlythevilU, Ark, Phones 2860-2976 fluoride can lousy geese. 45. One of I is started at about 90 degrees F. and the heat reduced gradually for 10 days to three weeks, depending on the weather. Sometimes heat may be supplied at night for a longer period. The action of the gosling*, as in the ca.se of baby chick*, is the best temperature guide. 30. Keep goslings confined each morning until the dew ts off the grass up until the gcsings are two or three weeks old. Si.Itis usually recommended that goslings not be allowed to go Into water until they are partly feathered. 32. Probably the greatest danger be used for dusting the biggest problems confronting farmers using geese Is that of dogs killing gee.se- In R questionnaire study made by this office, approximately 50 per cent of the respondents last, .some geese by dogs last year. The losses average about 10 per cent of all gee.se owned by farmers in the .study. 46. Toxnpheiie sprayed on cotton for Insecta control will kill geese. If spraying is done, gee.se should be fcept out of the Held sprayed lor 'three or four days. 47. On an average about one goose \» iijied per acre of cotton, gut \f> cwe» of bad Johnson grass Infesta tion, more will be needed until the Johnson grass is brought under control. 48 Reference materials: (1) P. B. 767—"Goose Raising" (2) Series of booklets publjfihed by J. L. Peyton, Rt. 2, Box 741, Duluth, Minn, (a) "Hatching Goose Eggs Under Hens" <b) "Management of Breeslng Geese" (c> "Raising Goslings" (d) "How to Determine Sex in Geese and Ga-sliugs" (e) "Curing, U.slng and Mnrkcting Duck and Goose Feathers" (ft "Hatching Goose Eggs In incuba T tors." (3) "Studies on the Domestic Goose and Artificial Incubation of Goo.se Eggs" — Thesis by Carl Ai- tred Randies. Jr., B. S. Ohio State University. 1947. (4) Questionnaire study mid interviews of North Mississippi County farmers using gee.se, made trouncy agents, Bilbrey and Carter, 1962. (5) * - The Magazine of Ducks and Gec.se" — [a quarterly publication! Rt. 2. Box 751, Diiluth. Minn. <6» ''Goo.'ie" — Progressive Farmers. September. 1&51. (7) "Weeding With Geese" — Farm Journal, January, 1957, 18) "Let Geese Pull the Grass"— iTenn. Ext. service) — Progres slve Farmer. Financial skies are apl to be sunnier, when one has a checking nccoi-nl. When you carry a lot of cash in order lo pay bills, you know how easy it is lo spend il on unnecessary items—to lose it or have it stolen. Open your account this week and enjoy extra convenience. ^FIRST NATIONAL BANR FARMER'S SPECIAL! Frozen Food Storage at a Price You Can Afford to Pay! 14 CU. FT. DEEP $*)QQ95 FREEZE Z/7 329 17 CU. FT. DEEP $ FREEZE 95 95 20 CU. FT. DEEP $77^ FREEZE J/H Small Down Payment — Easy Termi SEE THESE TODAY AT COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION Co. 416 E. Main Phon« 8391 Taking a chanc* by having inexperienced mechanic! service your John Deere Equipment It inciting poor performance or even breakdown) at th« height of ihe working jeuoti. Don't gamble 1 . Depend on an expert and b« sure the work is done righc, In our shop, you can h« jure thu reconditioning work is expertly done. Our skilled mechanics are thoroughly trained in servicing methods recommended by John Deere. As a result, they're able 10 locate ihe (rouble quickly ... fix it in a hurry. Nothing is omiiied; nothing unnecessary is added; the work is done accurately and at the lowest possible cost to you. Don't take a chance! Come in soon and lei 115 show you how our service experts will jare time and money for you. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. South Highway 61 Blytheyi!!« BUY mVfff/mff/ JOHN DEERE toRTS-THEY FIT AND WEAR UKE THE ORIGINALS! SALE! Ammonium Nitrate 20 1 / 2 Per Cent For Information and Price, Call WEST MEMPHIS COTTON OIL MILL WEST MEMPHIS, ARK. Phone \Vcsl Mefnpnis, 81 Phone Memphis, 1-4040

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