The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 12, 1952 · Page 2
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 2

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, March 12, 1952
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PAGE TWO Yardstick tor Foreign Aid: Third in a Series — Smallest Allies Talk Bravest In Fight Against Russians BLYTHEVILLE (AR1U COURIER NEWS WEDNESDAY, MARCH 12, EDITOR'S NOTE: How many million* have we poured Jnio (he dffenM of Western Europe? What have we gotten out of It .so far? Thes« are tlie questions millions of Americans are asking themselves as Congress debates President Truman's request fur *|1.9 billion In new Foreign Aid, Armed with hflherfo-unpuh- llshed figures on coiintry-hy-conn- try assistance, an outstanding editor-reporter has traveled through Europe measuring the extent of the gains brought by America's hllllons. Here Is his aiinlvsls, In the third of five dispatches supplied exclusively through NF,A Service and the Courier News, By RICHARD HOLLANDER NEA Special Correspondent ANKARA (NEA) — The smnlle.st and most mJnerable allies tnlk the- bravest fight* against the threats of Russian military aggression. We've put $346 million Into Yugoslavia. $1,2 billion into Greece and $175 million Jnto Turkey, all outright gi'nnts, and to hear thrrn talk It has built confidence — n nothing else. They've- bought wilt to resist They've bought optimism. That JF all. Our post-war military understanding with Yugoslavia ROCS lit tie beyond mutual defon.sn. Tito rtv maf».s a Communist dfclntor. The entire relationship !s cold-eyed and realistic. The fact that Yugoslavia ts on our side now hasn't changed the grim mooci ot the country. But this has little to do'with tho No. 1 problem, defense There's no questioning that Yugoslavia would fi«ht ruird against invasion. Tho Yugoslav military, sharpened by 11* guerrilla successes during World War IT, boasts it could repel any armed effort by Russian satellites, so long as there wasn't too much reaJ Russian HA^jstnucR. "What would happen if Hungary, for instance, invaded?" n young general staff officer was asked. His reply: "It might tnke us three weeks to get to Budapest." No neutral observer shares this ortfmlstn. The American Military Assis. tance Aid Group has been In Yugoslavia only weeks so It is Mill too early to determine the exact scope and nature of the advice and equipment the Yugoslav forces will need. . One basic problem this Group faces ! is the natural, Inbred hesitancy of Yugoslavs — like nil people under dictatorship — **> spenk openly, it will be a long time be/ore there Is a free exchange of information on mutual defense problems. It Is estimated that 25 p«r cent of the total national income is be- In? spent for-defense. If so. this IE n l^rper proportion of ils resources than any other continental country ont.stri? (tie Iron Curtain Is spending, not Inchirfini* the United States. It <s responsible In p«rt for tJie ftver:"^[ngr st^nrh of personal poverty In the land. Yugoslavia has large mineral de- por'.ts and fertile agricultural, areas •wh'-h, once exploited, could mean R brirht future. Now, however, every possible effort is being directed to prevent the o v errunning of the country, as in World War II, Mnre than a tenth of the population dictl as a result of that war. It Isn't likely that after centuries of internal strife there won't be, more of the snme. But, hopefully, not now, with the Russian threat foremost In the minds of Serb and Croat alike. Greeks like to say that they arc like Americans, only more so. They mrnn that (liey're volatile, Individualistic, warm-hearted and the dc- syair of t\ll other people who consider themselves realistic. Most of the. people of Greece have lived In poverty for so Inni; that It has become normal. Only 20 per cent of the total country is arable and most Greets are farmers. This would be mi impossible- .situation for any but Greeks. Modern Greeks are far removed from the ancients of the Golrieu Ape, but alt around them fire the beautiful, weather stores of past glories, and somehow, for tcitty's people, the transition from the tirno when (he Parthenon was new Is no more than the blink of an eye. The Greeks have had a shooting war more recently than most Europeans. After World War II they drove the Communist - Inspired guerrillas out of the country and thev feel pretty t;oorl about it. Put they could not possibly rtc- fcnt a major enemy. The Greek Army today has an overall strrmnh of nbout 170,000. which is about 21,6 soldiers per thousand of population. These troops need all kinds of equipment and training. British and American training teams which are going: through the ranks do just this, but no one has any hope the Greeks could do more than slow down an Invasion from the north. A tactical air force, composed largely of obsolete Hell Dtver s and British Spitfires, ts also being developed. The Greek Navy has the mission of patrolling the islands of the ancient Greek reas, hunting sub- marines and laying mine.";. For this she n« s former U.S. and British destroyers, corvettes, gunboats and Riine-Inycrs, phu one cruiser Politically Greece is more stanle than for a long time. The government of whlte-musUched oid Gen Pssteras, the prime minister, manages to keep a smalj working majority. Bur. always a thorn in his side, is the opposition leader. Marsha] Papagos, who ran the bandit* out of the north. Papacos. sulking like a latter-day Achilles, never ; censes his needling, for instance; "That efficiency in government —one cruiser and six admirals. . ." From the' plateaus of Anatolia In Asia Minor, Turkey looks westward, increasingly since Ataturk, the. founder, of modern Turkey, eliminated the Sultan and made Direct Aid Marshall Plan UNRBA Poit-UNRRA Mutual Detenu Lend-lease American Red C'osl Technical Aid * 30,272.OCX) 298.054.000 J1 57.977.000 17.362.0OO 17,523.000 76.000 719.00O Export-Import Bank Surpfus Property Merchant Ships European Recovery Other B34,OQO $97.504.000 •^^^^^^MViWaM^BM^nMMI MILITARY "89 Good lor border FORCES f? and guerrilla war^\ /are: needi modern AJJ equipment; morale j\AJ1l h ' Bh ln_ — 1 Post-war civilian INDUSTRIAL production .harply PRODUCTION cut when Tito broke with Stalin MILITARY^ Reported 25% of BUDGET V.lotal income v£x^ MILITARY Heavy equipment GOODS needed from u» POLITICAL Tito dictltorthlp CONDITION* ihowf no ilgni of (5>""" ni ••MMMHHHKKI Primafi!y border def e n* e : much training, equip- men! needed; morale high 127% of 1938 Siguro, but total Output negligible 43% of national budget Noarly all kind* of rquipmant ne*did from abroad Palace v« P s- pages f«ud throat to unity; Communist* aren't •BW^HMI^^^^I^IM! Beat of imxll«r countries; mo r ale high; modern arm* ••efiflifig untferway 1759/c of 1938, but Tui-Vey is ba«icalfy agricultural 40% of national budget Moit heavy equipment ne«<f«d from abroad No need to worry: Conimuniit« Jio problem laws against easternlsm. Grnnts of nearly 1200.000.000 llnve helped keep her eyes turned westward since World War n. Turkey wns on the wrong side In World Wnr I, and neutral In World War 11. But there are few among our allies who teel more strongly nbout the Kusilnn threat now. -r- The Turks are good soldiers and welcome instruction. The , Turkish Army numbers 280.000 men. with a potential of a million. She Is working on a program Involving 16 Infantry Divisions, three cavalry divisions, six armored brigades and six mobilization brigades which are designed to be expanded to an equal number of divisions. Fler air force now numbers 20.000 men and Is rti- vicled Into three air divisions, util- izing all types of aircraft. She'll be switching to jcl fighters soon, with nn American school to do the training. The Turks, whom mast Americans customarily imagine as swinging scimitars, are apt pupils In mechanics. Already, under American guidance, a huge military "vehicle rebuild" shop is in operation. One sees young Turks, whose parents were of the ancient tradition, whistling happly as they take apart carburetors nncl rebore cylinders. American Army (raining tc.ims jilso arc an Jjilrgral |iart a! the ne\v Turkish Armored Force School where especially selected Turkish officer* are trained from the ground up In armored tactics, from gunnery to radio coinnmnl- ca lions. A new Navy supply base is to be built on the south coast, with this secure, high strategy in the event of attack by the two dozen Russian division* known to be in the South Caucasus, would be !or the Turks to retreat southward, ripping up the new roads HX they BO, until they reach the rocky heights of the Taurus Mountains. There, according to military experts, an army could hold out forever, defending the single pass that Is but 300 yards wide. Next: View from the West. Ex-Communist Captive* Got Meager Fare HANOI, Indo-Chlna (Ap>—It's a pretty touch life b«lng a nrlwner of the Communist-led Vletminh In Indo-Chlna. That's the word brought back hore by 103 war captives recently released by the Vletminh forces. They said they were not mistreated by the Vletminh. They suffered principally because of the lack of food, clothing and medicines and (he cold, rainy weather. The former captives reported they ate little except rice. NOW MASSEY-HARRIS TRACTORS WITH Positive Boto Valves In Masiey- Harris liactors consist of a s«ries ol coll springs and ball bearings enclosed in a collar and retainer cap assembly on tha valve storn. Each lime the valva opens, pressure on the bearings causes liiotn io loll, loicing the enliro valve to lurn. Valves are constantly rotating . . . eliminating carbon build-up and distortion ol the valve seats and stems. Tho result is equaled •f&at . . . clean, light-Ilttinn valves . , . and pealc engine elliciency with grealer power output per gallon regardless o{ the quality ol fuel. Your Massey-Harris Dealer" 61 Implement Co. N. Highwoy 61 Phone 2142 Expedition to Near East To Be Filmed by Scholar PASADENA, Calif. (A>>— An Old Testament scholar and a film producer left recently on a flying trip to the Near East to record on film their archaeology expedition. The travelers. Dr. William San- Jord LaSor and William Bruss«au expect to be in Nippur, Iraq, soon to take part In pre-Abraham discoveries being made there. Other countries to be visted by the pair Include Egypt, Jordan, Syria, L^. anon, Cyprus, Athene and Rome. Brussenu expects to us* 3Q,OOf3 feet of color film on the Journey Dr. LaSor, who says he speaks 2rj languages, will act as Interpreter and assistant cameraman. There's nothing like giving folks what they want And now— The Refreshment Show, starring the delicious taste of ice-cold Coca-Gala ! (APPLAUSE) 6 Bciile Carton Plm Depotit BOTTl*NG CO. O| BMtTHB^ILLE . TW COCVC.OLH 111 TOW! PURINA CHOW Feeders Supply Co. 513 E. MAIN PHONE 3441 i S5g r sJ-sr LA&^.^H fAKtf' WE'RE PROUD TO BRING THESE FAMOUS CHECKERBOARD PRODUCTS AND SERVICES TO OUR COMMUNITY THE RALSTON PURINA COMPANY Proudly Welcomes This New Purina Dealer to the Growing Checkerboard Family Just as the Checkerboard Trademark suads for quality produces and top feeding results—the Checkerboard Sign on this new score in your community stands also for quality and extra ttrt'itt. You'll find here the complete line of Purina Products. You'll find friendly folks rtady to serve you. But you'll find mmm^mmmmm them ready to do more than just sell you Purina is proud to welcome this new Purina Chows. At their disposal is the store in your town to the growing feeding and management information family of more than 6,000 Purina Deal- wc ve learned at our famous Purina crs serving the farmers and ranchers of Research Farm and Laboratories. They America from coast to coast, are ready to help you with your poultry {^v^£^ ^v^xr^fx^ and livestock feeding and management ^.j Danfonh problems.., large or small. President • m m rPtltt* CHOWS—Mar* p.opl. - - - tag ^f.--•.....»-"." ? >\ .-'.\._ • .'..-. FEtDlMG ADVKE —i.i ut n.tp you wilh your poultry and liv»- tlock- fMding tnt managtmtrrl OdlVfRY $fRVKI-on r.gulor roulei. Ju»f call u« for your fe«<i and farm supply n*«di. radii* SANI1AT10N NtOOUCI*- A Ml .K«« of *»!nf«t«ml, )B- m^yn Md tovrnwn t* Mp ,' tatpnv* yew fMrfint rw»kt. CHECK THESE OTHER SERVICES BABY CHICKS POULTRY AND DAIRY EQUIPMENT FERTILIZERS SEEDS—GARDEN SUPPLIES COM! ON IN...GIT ACQUAINUD-AND SEf OUR NEW STORf FEEDERS SUPPLY CO. 513 E. Main Phon« 3441 K-K-X-K-KW

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