The Yuma Daily Sun from Yuma, Arizona on November 15, 1962 · Page 4
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The Yuma Daily Sun from Yuma, Arizona · Page 4

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Thursday, November 15, 1962
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THE¥ A N O - I H l Published continuously sine* March 16, 1172 Published daily except Saturdays and holidays at 300 Madison Avenut, Yuma Arizona by THE SUN PRINTING COMPANY Jones Osborn i Donald N. Soldwsdtl Editor and Publisher Publish«r-Man«gnr Full leased wires by United Press International Member, Audit Bureau of Circulations Entered at the Post Office at Yuma, Arizona, as Second Class Mail Subscription rates: Homo delivery, one month $1.75; by mail, one yaar $14 The Press and the Politicians Syd Harris-Cuba Is Only a Symptom r The newspapers of this'country seldom emerge unscathed from a general election campaign. This year's campaign was distinguished by the fact that critism has come from such major candidates as Richard M. Nixon and Ohio's Gov. Michael - DiSal'.e. What these two men say, in essence, is that newspaper reporters, and sometimes their publisher bosses, do not give a fair shake to candidates they oppose or dislike. It is argued that newsmen, at the very least, fail to report what such candidates do and say, and--their worst--actually slant or distort their dispatches. * * * There are, unfortunately for America, some notorious examples of unfair press coverage, of distortion, of news suppression, of favoritism. But a far greater number of newspapers lean over backwards to treat the news fairly. Nixon, as everyone knows, lias had most of the press solidly on his side in his political career. To begin with, roughly two-thirds of the nation's daily newspapers publishers are Republicans. It is hard to imagine them putting up with any distortion of the news in favor of Democrats. Moreover, when Nixon ran for the pesidency two years ago, he was supported by daily newspapers representing 90 per cent of the nation's daily newspaper circulation. And when he ran for governor of California this year, three- fourths of California's daily papers endorsed him. Among these was the Los Angeles Times, the largest newspaper in the vast Southern California area, where 40 pepr cent of California's voters live. But Nixon was not satisfied with this. He lashed the Times for reporting an amusing slip of the tongue, but not recording one by Gov. Edmund G. (Pat) Brown, who won the election. » » · Gov. DiSalle. in his post mortem-, complained of hostile editorial attitudes. As a Democrat, he has had most of the press working editorially for his opposition. No candidate can like to he actively opposed by the press. But all of them must expect, sooner or later, to have such opposition and Democrats especially will have to expect it as long as three-fourths ol the papers are Republican in outlook. It is a paper's duly to speak out editorially when it has a conviction about candidates and issues. This nation's "freedom of the press" simply means that the readers have a right to be informed. As a breed, political reporters are generally an extremely diligent, conscientious bunch. They need a capacity for enduring endless repetition and some of the wildest nonsense. Thier aim is simply to find out what's happening, and then tell the story. Not everything they learn can be agreeable reading for both candidates. They may have to report some unhappy facts. But suppressing such facts iiv an effort to achieve an artificial "balance" in the news would be real distortion. At the heart of democracy is the voter's right to choose. To do that well he needs full and fair information, whether it helps or hurts a candidate cannot be the test of whether it should be published. Although some papers are still in flagrant violation of this ethic, the press of the nation has never tried harder or more successfully to cover a campaign fairly and squarely. HARRIS Walter Lippmann-After the Cuba Problem Is Over LIPPMANN WHILE THE CUKAN question is far from being setllcd, il. has -almost, Ihroiigh noi entirely, ceased (o be a ma.jor issue le- twecn the Soviet Union and the United States. Having removed its strategic missiles, which represented a very large m i l i t a r y investment in Cuba, the Soviet Union can have no interest in leaving the bombei-s i n C a s t r o ' s hands. These bombers a r e dangerous weapons in the hands of an unstable character like Castro. The b o m h e r s are slow and old and volncrable, a n d though they could do much damage in a surprise raid il equipped wilh nuclear bombs, it is mosl improbable that the Soviet Union is entruslim; nuclear bombs to Caslro. We must not forgot tint the President h» put Mr. Khrushchev on public notice lhat a nuclear slrike from Cuba will be treated as a nuclear slrike from the Soviet Union. Theoretically, anything is possible. But it i most improbable thai Mr. Khrushchev would dis- m a n t l e the powenu! S.jviei m i s - siles which were under Soviet control, and leave CHSIIM \vith a few dozen obsolete Nimbei-s equipped wilh nuclear bomlK which could i n i t i a t e .1 thornioniick'ar cataslro- phe. OX CUBA as a m i l i t a r y base the United Stales has prevailed, and what remain^ is an issue .between Caslro on ihe one hand and on the other hand the U n i t e H Stales, the Latin American republics, ami tite Soviet Union itself. It appears that Mr. Mikoyan has had a hard an'l not very successful encounter with Caslro in Havana. U so, he has no! yet played his trump card, which would Iw to tell Ca.-tro thai if he obstructs the complete fulfillment of the Khrushchev-Kennedy agreement, the economic help which is indispensible to Cuba will ic cut down. Mr. Khrushchev has done that to Red China. There is no reason why he could not or would not do it to Red Cuba. 1 A-\Y EVENT, the objective is the disarmament of offensive weapons in Cuba. Even if ihe So viet Union, does not compel Cuba to jive up the bombers, the United States has the power, if the power is used under n mandate from the Organization of American State:, fo soivc the bomber problem. I' power is needed to solve it, it could be a blockade of 'oil shipments. But a better solution would be for the Organization of American States to tell Ca-Mro lhat the military neutralization of Cuba is the price of a collective guarantee against invasion or blockade. THE SOONER tile Cuban problem can be made into a problem of the Western hemisphere, the belter Hie prospects of making some progress in East-West relations, t realize that it is possible that Mr. Khrushchev will make a surprise move somewhere to recoup some of the prestige which he lost in Cuba. Bui, al least for the momenl, this does nut seem likely. Mr. Khrushchev, with Mr. Kennedy's help, has taken the line lhal Cuba was not a defeal bin an example of statesmanship 10 save the peace of the world. For Mr. Khrushchev personally, aud for Ihe Soviet Union in its present position in the world, this i.s the logical line to lake, ll seems most likely lo me that the aftcr- innlh of the Cuban crisis will be some importan! attempts to work out a temporary accommodalion with the West. * * * MY HOI'E that this can happen resls in the main on two major developments in Hie world balance of power. One is Ihe indubitable nuclear superiority of the United Stales. The olher is Hie indubitably deep conflict between Russia and China. The combined effect of these two factors is to induce Moscow to avoid a simultaneous moruU conflicl lioth in Asia and in the West. The inducement lo seek an. accommodation in tile West is greatly reinforced by the enormous success of Ihe mixed economics of Western Europe. It is now certain l h a t the Communist parties are not going lo lake over Italy or France or any other Western European stale. It is quite Ihe other way around: the East European Communist slates and Ihe Soviet Union itself will be greatly n t - traclcd and much pressed to come to economic terms with the great markets and Ihe great suppliers of Uic West. For the Soviet Union this is the way lo peace and prosperity and 11 is only with peace and pro- penly thai Mr. Khrushchev and the present Russian regime c.-m hope to flourish. All the olher ways lead only lo the increasingly in supportable costs of the race :riuppor;;ib!c costs of the race i the catastrophic nightmare of thermonuclear war. AS CTKA is being liquidated as a Sovic! - American problem. 1 seems iikely that the nuclear powers win t;eJ to. or at least get much nearer to, an agreement to stop le.siing. A^ a mallei; of fact, the United State? ha.s already stopped testing and the Soviets will stop on N'ov. 20th. The incentive lo resume testing in the nenr future is not very strong. There is probably less and less to be learned. On the other hand, the. incentive is strong to reach an agreement in order to stop or to slow down Ihe spread of nuclear weapons. We are all afraid of nuclear weapons in China and no one really wanls lo see them in Germany. If a lest ban is agreed fo, there is a very fair chance of some progress in the reductions of armaments. The most promising pain here is lo begin with Ihe reduction of what are called "first- strike" weapons, missiles and slow bombers which arc good only for a surprise atlack. Because they would be wiped out so easily and so quickly, they are provocative without being defensive. Bolh in the Soviet Union and in Ihe West I here are a lol of such antiquated but provocative weapons, and the world would he a much safer place if they could be eliminated. The weapons which would remain for a second slrike aflcr a surprise attack would he Ihe Polaris, missiles in truly hardened sites, and cerlain kinds of bombers which would somehow survive a first strike. They are defensive and deterrent agninsl surprise al- tacks. Thus there would be no need to have total d i s a r m a m e n t which no country would in fad acccpl. AM- THIS rests on Ihe supposition lhat Berlin will be left lo simmer while these accommodations are being attempted. Matter Of Fact Instead of hearing ill the time about bow much American* dirt, hew are some statistic* about how much American* eat Last year the per capita consumption of vegetable*, other than, potaloel, WM indicat£dat 99 pounds of fre*h wfaV tables, 24.2 pounds of melons, 44.8' pounds of canned and 10.8 pounds of froxen vegetables, 7.6 pounds of dry edible beans and 1.4 pound* of dry field bean*. LIKK A IMLATOItY patient who does to see Uie doctor six years after the onset of a hacking anil chronic cough, the human race is concerned only with symptons and not with diseases, only with cures and not with prevention. We arc now looking for a pill to cure our cosmic cancer. "What can we do about Cuba?" asks the worried citi/cn - - and there simply is no satisfactory answer any more. Six years ago. or more, when corrupt and repressive Batista government w a s ruining the country, we asked no questions about Cuba. When it was perfectly evident that Hitler was about to overrun all of Europe, we asked "What can we do about the Nazis?" The only answers were war or surrender; the disease had progressed too far and too fast. Nobody was much concerned about Germany in the years between the Armistice of the First World War and the Depression- years when the Nazis were making the most out of Germany's impoverished condition. Likewise, by the time the Bolsheviks look over Russia in 1918, it was already IOD laic for Ihe world to do anything but fight or accede to it. * * * PREVENTIVE MEDICINE has grown enormously in the last few decades; but there still is no preventive statesmanship, no inoculation against the virus of war and tyranny and revolution. We supported, l»lh aclively and passively, Balista's rotlen administration in Cuba. Anyone with a grain of political sense could have forsecn lhat Ihe pendulum would some day swing to Ihe olher ex- Ireme--thai a Castro is Ihe logical outgrowth of a Batista, as Ihe terrible excesses of the French Revolution followed the excesses of Ihe French monarchy. In physics, every s c h o o l b o y knows thai "action and reaction are equal." The same is Irue in the political life of mankind. The repressive Czarism was followed by the even more repressive Bolshevism; indeed, no nation with a history of democracy has ever voluntarily became totalitarian. Both communism and facism IIKVC succeeded ONLY where liberty had never been known before. v * fr CUBA IS A SYMPTOM, not a disease; Berlin is a symplom, not. a disease; Korea and Vietnam and a half-dozen others are all symptoms and not diseases. And there is l i l l l p t h a t one can do about a symptom while the disease persist. They are all symptoms of the world's neglect, its indifference, its narrow self-interest, its unwillingness to face the obvious fact lhat preventive stalesmanship is Ihe only way to keep Uie peace. Whatever we "do" about Cuba today will IK? wrong. Yesteryears In Yuma KIV'E V K A K S AGO Nov. IS. 1957 Americans will have to make some sacrifices lo help their li-adcrs retain Ihe world leadership the U.S. e n j o y e ri Monday. Thai was the theme of Ihe inlk by Sen. Harold Giss which highlighted Velerans' Day ceremonies ai ihe National G u a r d Armory. Gins said this particular Veleran.s' Day is more significanl than its predecessors because of the prcscnl world s i t u a t i o n in which Russia is challenging for supremacy. A b a i l i e was foughi here 1 yes- lenlav during Ihe Vclcrans' Day parnflc and program. While mol Yumans were enjoying ihe bands and marching units, a small, grry- ing woman fought a psychological b a t t l e -- and won. ft was the first Veterans' Day observance Mrs. Ada Belle Block had attended since her son was killed on Iwo ,Iima. The son. Marine Cpl. Hnr- lon Henry .Block, was immortalized on Feb. 23. 1HI5. when he aided five other Marines in raising the American flag atop Mount Suribachi. A photograph of lhat historic flag raising came to symbolize all the battles of World War II. In Ihe picture. Cpl. Block was the man al the extreme right. He was killed March 1. 1C15 - six davs later. nVEXTV-FIVK YEARS ACO Nov. 15. TOT -- Carl Hayden. U.S. Senator from Ari/.ona. is working loward establishment of ,1 cooperative agricultural experi- mcn- .station in Yuma County, according to n letter received this week by Attorney Hugo B. Farmer from the senator. Although cut off from all relief last Monday on orders from. the state board of social security and welfare, none of the 15 indigent aliens formerly receiving aid from tho county hoard had requested removal from Ihe United States though the govcrnmcnf will help them leave if ihry rcnuest yui'h help. Such removal, wi'h full transportation to Jheir home country if they choose, is available under the act of last May. in which Congress set aside the three-year limit for removal as the result of distress or need arising su!se- quent to entry, and extended this removal indefinitely. Ddvid Lawrenc*-Small Nations Dominate UN and Render It Helpless LAV/CENCE Ralph McGill-Republicans Making Gains At Snail's Pace in South McCIU A SOUTHKKN Republican, looking with melancholy eye upon the results of the November G election, wayged a doleful head and said, "If \ve are going to make any real time with building a second in the South we will need to finance some mass migrations out of the Republican areas of the .Midwest and East." T h i s somber conclusion w a s reached in ihe face of the really Ironipmlous success of the Democratic, Party in an off-year election -and in the reterbishinq o f i!s progressive principles. It was not a day calculated to encourage Republicans. The Southern Republican wing worked hard and made gains. II did not do as well as it, or the national committee, expected. The best possible face will be put upon things, bin disappointment persists. "In the cold gray dawn of the morning after," said Ihe mournful G.O.P.. "when all is said and done, our advances appear small. We won a House seat in Florida in the Orlando-Winter Park area. There are so many retired Republicans in that district from Iowa, Vermont and Kansas thai there are long waiting lines at the shuffleboard courts. In Florida the Republicans and Democrats are concentrated in reservations. One reason we lost the governsbips in Vermont and "New Hampshire is that the Republicans have moved out to Florida. Claude Pepper lives in a Democratic reservation. In North Carolina and Kentucky we won in areas where there have always been Republicans. The same is true of Tennessee. Texas is a gain. The point is, we didn't really plow much new ground." THIS IS TOO CLOO.MY a view, though (here is truth in it. The Republicans did show gains in percentage of votes. It is reasonable lo assume t h a t there will be a slow gain in two-party strength. Hut merely to prevent oversimplification, it is well to maintain perspective. The Republican Parly in Georgia, for example, is well organi/cd and supported, ll made small gains. Bui it is a mere 10 years old. It began wilh the Eisenhower ycar.s. II replaced the old, often venal facade which never was interested in building a parly but exisied only for pairon- age in ihe years of G.Q.P. presi- dential victories. The Georgia parly has integrity, ft is a genuine Republican party. Southern Republicans have difficulty finding candidates. There has been no time to build up from the grass roots to state prominence. The Southern G.O.P., then, picks up defecting Democrats. Most of these, unhappily for Republicans, are semi-Goldwater conservatives. They did not fare too well. They did not attract many young voters. DEMOCRATS, conditioned by generations of one-party elections, still have not learned to vote in Ihe November elections. In South Carolina, as illustration, the vote was relatively small. Yet the veteran U.S. Sepator, Olin Johnston, with the state's power structure against h i m , easily defeated a candidate who was trying to peddle a poor imitation of Goldwater's political goods. In Alabama the veteran Lister Hill had a very real scare from a candidate labeled "Republican." But the issue in Alabama was race. The campaign was basically a hate-the-Kennedys affair. Alabama is as malignantly defiant of the Supreme Court rulings in the area of segregation as Mississippi--perhaps more so. The parks of Birmingham long have been closed so that no Negro may use them. The University is under orders to accept qualified students of any race and Dr. Martin Luther King, whose very name causes many Alaba- mans to come near to apoplexy, has said there will be applicants in January. The governor-elect is pledged to go to jail to prevent desegregation. The Oxford riots and the handling of them inspired additional hatred of the Kennedy administration. * * · ALL THIS--not Republicanism-was fired at Senator Hill. The G.O.P. candidate did not advertise himself as a Republican on his billboards. He seemingly had the unanimous support of the state's many hate groups, councils and Klan klaverns, as well as the political machines of the major cities. So it was that Senator Hill, who has been Ihe bread-and-butter man for much of his state's progress, was a target simply because to aim at him seemed a way to get at the administration in Washington. It was a circus--but not a Republican vs. a Democrat in any true sense. There are, however, sincere, dedicated Southern Republicans. They will persevere. JUST V WHAT IS the L'niied Nations today? Most Americans have not yet become aware of Ihe fact that Ihe name itself is a misnomer. An appropriate title would he the "Disunited Nations." For this organization of high purpose is badly split. Such members as the United States, Great Britain and France --who have clone such much to advance economic and social progress in the worl- -are in the minority. They are out- n u m b e r e d in votes, and subject to the whim of a galaxy of small nations. A group composed mostly of u n d e r d e- veloped countries of the world now rules the United Nations. A vote just a week ago in the U. N. was an eye opener. By a big majority, the small nations voted for the expulsion of a member--the Republic of South Africa --whose internal problems are not being handled lo the satisfaction of this new majority. To meddle in the internal affairs of a member state is a violation o f ' I h e charter of the U. N.. but this didn't deter the new majority, which completely disregarded the specific wording of the charter. * * * THERE ARE 10G member nations in the organization. Russia has three votes, though the United States has only one. Representation has no relationship to population, nor is it on the basis of financial or economic equities. In favor of the resolution lo expel South Africa, Ihere were 67 member nations, and lij against. There were 23 member nations which "abstained." This means they fell they would he embarrassed if they vote either way. How- many Americans know even where some of these countries are to be found on the world map? Here is the list of the 67 which rule the U. N. today: Afhanistan Cambodia Algeria Cameroun Burma Ceylon Burundi Chad Opinions expressed by writers under their own by-lines on this page are not necessarily those of this newspaper. THE SUN * * * Cui)-:u, Hra/HiivillP Congo. LpnjHitdvillp Cyprus M a l i Dahomey Mauritania. Klhiupia Morocco Ghana Nepal Guinea Nigel- Hail i Nigeria luida Rwanda Indonesia Saudi Arabia Iran Senegal Iraq Sierra Leone Ivory Coast Somalia Jamaica Sudan Jordan Syria Laos Tanganyika Lebanon Togo Liberia Trinidad-Tobago Madagascar Tunisia Malaya Uganda United Arab Republic Upper Volta Albania Yemen. Bulgaria China Cuba Israel Czechoslovakia Mexico Hungary Pakistan Mongolia Philippines Poland U.S.S.R. Romania Byelorussia Yugoslavia Ukraine The last 12 listed above comprise the communist-bloc countries. NATIONALIST CHINA v o t e wilh the majority for political reasons, but !i is hard to explain the vole by Mexico and by the Philippines or Pakistan and other nations which g e t s u b s t amounts of "foreign aid" from the United States. But. oven omitting this l a t t e r group, it is important lo nole lhat s t i l l voting against United States were more than 54 nations--;t majority of the 106 members. Here arc f h p Iti countries which supported the U. N. charter and honce cast thr-ii- voles' against the resolution to expel South Africa: Australia Tiie Netherlands Uelgium Now Zealand Canada Pc'i-iug.il France South Africa Greece Spain Ireland Turkey J a p a n U n i t e d Kingdon Luxembourg United States The list of those 23 countries which abstained is also interesting. For among them are many friends of the United States in Latin America. Scandinavia and elsewhere. Unfortunately, even if they had voted with the 16 who opposed Ihe resolution, Ihe total vote would have been only 39. So if is the big group of small nations, numbering more than the 54 necessary for a majority, which makes the United Nations a helpless and perhaps useless body as an international force. This new majority can play a decisive role in amending the charter so as to be able to wield even more power in Ihe U. N. as against the United States and its 'allies. HfEHllfiH'BEI Thursday, November 15, I9i2 MAJOR HOOPLE Letter to the Editor-The Communists Would Love To See U.S. Get Out of UN I HATETO-SALT YOUe COFFEE, 8UT WHftT HflPPEtJS IF ATTORNEY CRUM\N6LL FINDS OUT YOU'PTE REPLACING THROCKBURX HIS MUM86K ONE SbX AS 6UAKD?THW COULD BE MESSIR TMft(4 A BKOKEt-J TUBE OF TOOTHPASTE.' 1 1 AM. TOUCHED BY YOUR CONCEKM.'BOTTO KeLIEX/EYOUR LITTLE MINDS, THROCK'eURYWILL 6E SACK BEFORE CPG/AVISLL. RETOKWS: ARe YOU SET, jOR VIILI- SOU PICK UP A SHERMAN TAWKOlJYOUR WAYOMERTO SUARD THE Cei)M\MELL AWISION? LEAST THAT'S THE PLAM. CROSSWORD Boy and Man Aniw«r to Pr«vlou» Pual» Editor, The Sun: "Gel the U.S. out of ihe UN. Get the UN* out of the U.S.:" Following the Depression of the Ifl.'Os. many nrganr/atinns w i i h aims such as the improvement in race relations, bringing a b o u t world peace, or improving condi- lions of migratory w o r k e r s sprang up in this country. They proved attractive to the communists. In a lypical organization the Reds, a very few of them, who were extremely well informed on parliamenlary law. al tended meetings. Almost like jumping jacks they erupted 'amendments to motions, substituted motions, points of order, points of privilege, and endless arguments. Their motions were always seconded. The prolonged meetings, tumultuous and fruitless, which resulted, would discourage ihe original organizers nnd wear them out. Ul- limatriy ihey'd go home, leaving the meeiiiie for Ihe communal? to lake whatever action they pleased. Many such organizations arc now on the Attorney General's lisi. and Ihe original conservative organizers are still explaining why they were once members of a communist front organization I The communists wanted fwo things: a public forum and the opportunity to make contacts with possible new party members. They found many organizations to their liking. The eric's for the U.S. to get out of the UN come from Americans. Nothing could please the communists more, than that these cries bear fruit Then, as in the 1930s, the Reds could "take over" as sole champions of world peace, international cooperation, disarmament, ct cetera. Conditions would be ideal for the accomplishment of the Moscow-Pleplng purposes But, note well, there is never an indication of communist withdrawal! On the other hand, the Red effort is directed at getting membership for China! It is suggested lhat were the Prussians given a free hind in the UN" as » result of our withdrawal, the organization's financial problems would be instantly solved. Certainly the forum »nd the opportunity to influence un-' committed nation); would be worth many times the presently needed $200 million! All of this leads up to my final question: "Whose money p«ld for the anti-UN sign on the big curve?" Sincerely. BOB POWERS 1109 15th Drive Yuma. ACROSS 6 Worms IMasculiw 2r iin n M I.JU_II-JL_ · Craits 14'Fm liStnctf MDn* MJoimd llEiit !2 Sidelong toote WEyot 23 Billiard term 25 "Rubber city" a« Erect M Eric the »G«ldnco( diiooni « Primal. IS Human MXmUUkM 37 Low haunt 39 Nimle 47 Ud'l 40 CorlnthUa coin nickname 41 Span 4« EiMaliil «,,, 43 Viper 49 Kind ol fliffc 45 Plant of S2 Sally»rd ^^ mustard family MSnooie 41 lam ( II Gin

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