BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TUB DOUmANT NBWWAPBR Of «ORTJ«AST AMCAMBA* AMD (OTTmKABT MtSSOtrtM TCWU XLVII—NO. 2S7 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily Ne» Mississippi Valley Le»der Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1951 TEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FTTH CWTI» U.S. Averts Steel Strike Until Jan. 3 ' l USW Meeting To Decide on Issue Then PITTSBURGH (AP)— The nation will escape a crippling steel strike on New Year's Day — but will have to face the threat again on Jan. 3. The Wage-Policy Committee of the CIO United Steelworkers voted to defer a work stoppage for at least three days. That, gives the special USW convention in Atlantic City the final say on calling a strike. The convention also will make the union's formal answer to President Truman's appeal to avert a strike and submit the steel contract dispute to the Wage Stabilization Board. The steel companies already have agreed to the President's proposal. Action Was Predicted The action of the Wage Policy Committee had been widely predicted. Mr. Truman, who says there if.must not ce a steel strike in view *7»oJ the national defense emergency has declared he will use every on the books to prevent a nationwide steel walkout. If the convention accepts 3 Arkansans Liven Town With a Bang SHERIDAN, Ark. (AP)—ProfiCCU- tor Joe McCoy says thre« men bent on livening things up set off dynamite blasts that rocked the nearby Poy e n Commu nlty Sunday night. Prosecutor McCoy has charged the three, Martin Byrd, 47, Benny Taylor, 47, and A- E. Roark. 44, fill of Poyen, with damaging property with dynamite. He said the men told him they set off long sticks of dynamite which; 1. Broke all the windows in the railroad station; 2. Broke about 5 wi ndows in other buildings In the community; 3. Caused a near panic at a church where 15 persons were attending night services, and, 4. Left a hole about two feet deep and four feet In dSameter in the community's main street. Prosecutor McCoy said the men told him they set off the blasts because they thought the town "needed waking up." 450 Americans Died in Prison UN Command Says Soldiers Were Victims o/ POW Camps By CiEORCiB A. McAKTHUR MUNSAN, Kovca (AP)—The U. N. Command said today at least 450 American soldiers have died in North Korean prison camps, An official communique said that IE 17 per cent of Unlled Nations troops known to have been imprisoned in rear areas and not accounted for in last week's list of living prisoners. 4 Yank Airmen Cross Border to Freedom GIANT ICICLE—A five-story icicle hangs from the roof drain of an apartment building on Chicago's west side, Tne mammoth icicle is a product of the city's freak weather which has dumped heavy snow on the area for a December record. the president's plan the Wage Stabilization Board will study arguments on both sides and outline recommendations. These will not be binding on either side. Entire Contract at Slake An entire new contract between the big union and the country's steel companies is at stake. The union's 22 demands are topped by a call for the IS'.t cent hourly wage increase. Murray also wants a guaranteed annual wage, union Bhop, and other concessions for the men In the mills. He says higher living. costs and Industry profits Justify a substantial wage increase. The 650,000 USW members employed In the industry now average •lightly less than $2 an hour. Convention to Decide The Wage Policy Committee emphasized that the strike was; put off only until the convention at Atlantic City. - ' .. Mr. Truman expressed happiness - Churchill May Seek New Atom Information By JOHN M. H1GHTOWER , WASHINGTON (AP)- Prime Minister Churchill probably will wage a greater exchange of atomic information between the United States and Britain during his far-reaching conference with. President Truman. Atomic energy is among the dozen topics he has told the American Government he wants to take up in the course of his visit here, starting late next week. Secrecy Hampers Work • ^ Both Britain and Canada, with the U,S. had a partnership in atomic bomb^ development during the war, have long felt tight American restrictions on atomic secrets were hampering developments in that field. Any change in these restrictions, however, would require not only approval by the President but action by Cong ress. Whethe r either o f these conditions will be met in the predictable future is something on which informed officials here will not even speculate. Negotiations Once Opened More than .two and, hope when he 'heard his Independence, Mo., Am'erican, ho me he Is spending the Yule holidays. The steel Industry has not made a wage offer and Phillip Murray, president of the CIO snd USW accused company negotiators of bargaining in bad faith. "Add to Inflation" The industry maintains a pay hike would only add to inflationary pressure. Murray announced the decision to hold off the strike after a two and one half hour conference with the Wage Policy Committee. The Jan. 1 deadline did not allow the WSB time to study the situation and make a recommendation. years ago Birltsh and Can Topertud n* otj Inside Today's Courier News . . . Sunday in Blytheville churches . . . markets . . . rage 3. . . . Arkansas News Briefs . , . Page 10. . . . Sports . . Page 6. , . . Society . . . Page 2. . . . Farm N'ews and Review: . . . Shawnee FFA member wins district title . . . Pa^e 7. Barbour Resigns As County Jailer W. C. Barbour, who has been county jailer here for the past , three year, has resigned his posi- Wfan effective today. Mr. Barbour and his wife left this morning for Oceanside, Calif., where they will make their home. to see whether they could w formula for enlarging the ex change of atomic information, and in a limited way, at least, revive the cooperative effort of World. War II days. Then scientists of all three countries joined their efforts and knowled ge to produ c e the first atomic bomb, Fuchs Put It on Shelf Those negotiations were shelved a f ter t h e notorious Klau s Fuchs spy ca.se broke In Britain in February 19bO. Fuchs, one of Britain's top atomic experts, pleaded guilty to giving secrets to Russia. Since that time there has been, so far as is publicly known, no serious effort to reopen the negotiations.. The topics which Churchill has reportedly sent to Washington an indication of what he wants to talk about here cover the general fields of foreign affairs, economic matters and defense of the West. They embrace difficulties and controversies of world-wide importance. 'Cuts Corners' has gun Church Official Honored Members of the Morning Star Missionary Baptist Church o f Promised Land Sunday honored A. Stevenson upon completion of 16 years service as superintendent of the Negro church. The social was held at the home of George Gillison, Promised Land. Rev. S, A. Parker- Is pastor of the church. Weather Arkansas forecast: Fair and warmer this afternoon, tonight and Sat- FAIR and WARMER urday, Missouri forecast: Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday with a chance of occasional rain southeast portion Saturday; warmer today, cooler northwest portion Saturday; high today 35 to 40 northeast to 50 southwest: low tonight 20 to 25 northeast to 35 southwest. Minimum this morning—23. Maximum yesterday—42. Sunset today—4:57. 5unri5t tomorrow—1:OS. Precipitation 24 hours to ^ a.m. today—none. Total since Jan. 1—46.07. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—32.5. Normal mean temperature 'for December—41.0. This Date Usl year Minimum this morning—17. Maximum yesterday—-35. Precipitation January 1 to this date—59.85. Stassen Tosses HatinGOPRing Decision May Slow Eisenhower Boom PHILADELPHIA (3 1 )— Harold E. Stassen, former governor of Minnesota, is going to make a second attempt to win the Republican nomination for President of the Ur.itod States. Stnssen, now president of the University of Pennsylvania, last night Joined two other seasoned GOP campaigners in the nomination fight—U.S. Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio and Gov. Earl Warren ol California. There was immediate speculation that Stassen 1 s declaration i^ould slow down the drive of a number of Republicans who hav been campaigning to get Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower into the field. However, backers of the general discounted such speculation. Stassen said some time ago he would endorse the general's nomination—if Taft would do the same Curved-Barrel Gives 'Grease-Gun' New Versatility . DETROIT yp,—The Army perfected a sub-machine that shoots around corners. And what Is more, Joseph C. Senn. project engineer at the Detroit arsenal, says the curvdd barrel is more accurate than a straight one. Sights lire secret but the gun shoots a .45 calibre slug that can be deflected as much as 90 degrees and will pierce an inch- thick pine board at 100 yards- It will fire 450 rounds a minute. "Grease Gun Attachment" The around - the - corner gun is made by attaching n curved barrel to the /j-my's M-3 submachine gun, commonly known among GIs as the "grease gun." The new barrel, some said. Is now ready for large scale production. It can be set to fire left or right, up or down. The Gun using the curved barrel is a light type costing only $18 to manufacture and was dropped by the hundreds to the French underground in World War II. It was designed so that barrels could be interchanged, permitting the underground to use captured German 9-millimeter ammunition, Takes Less Than Minute The curved barrel can be attached in less than a minute. Tank crews in Korcn risked for such a gun to shoot Communists off the tops of their tanks. Often they reported, they had to n.sk other tank crews to blast £eds who had crawled atop their tanks. Simultaneously the Communists indicated a complete list of living-, U. N. prisoners already Is in Allied hands. The -150 soldiers were not among those listed on the Communist roster of 11,559 prisoners. They apparently were among 5TI Americans the Reds said Wednesday had died of disease or were killed by Allied air raids or artillery fire. Based on Ked Report The u. N. Command said its announcement was bused on a study of the Reds' Wednesday report. "We must presume they died in prison camps," said Brig, Gen. William P. Nuckols, official U. N .spokesman. "This Ls the first time we have had knowledge of any deaths in prison camps." " North Korean Maj. Gen. I> e e Sang Cho hinted Friday at Pan- munjom the Reds would report that many other Americans, not yet accounted for, had died of disease or exposure in prison camps "Not Accustomed to Climate" Rear Adm. R. E. LJbby quoted Lee ns saying "we must remember that Americans are. not accustomed to this climate and are susceptible to local diseases, so it wouldn't be surprising if a 'large number died of disease." , The U. N. communique Friday said: "Seventy-seven per cent of the U. N. soldiers who were captured, taken to rear area prison camps and later announced by the Communists as prisoners of war have since died, an analysis of data re-' ceived on 26'December discloses. 450 Now Are Dead Of the 585 men known to have reached the rear, through later broadcasts by them, letters to their families, announcements in Communist publications, and through Geneva,,-150 are now dead." " * The communique reference to 77 per cent hud no relation to the list of 11,559 prisoners announced last week. It concerned only a group of 5S5 men not listed there. The Allied announcement increased neither tlie number of known dead nor captured. It was part of the U- N. effort to pinpoint exactly what has happened to every Allied soldier captured by the Reds. 135 Men Reached Rear The U. N. Command said it knows that of 365 American soldiers for which the Reds still have made no accounting, at least 135 reached rear area prison camps. Aside from hinting at the fate o f American prisoners whose names failed to appear on the Red roster, Communist negotiators offered no further accounting of some 50,000 captured soldiers the U. N. says have not been listed. Cotton Men Fear British Rejection To Affect Market Texas Shipment Refused Due to 'Poor Quality;' Act Said 'High Handed MEMPHIS, Tenn. f/P) — Cotto men here say that British cancella tion of mi order for 126,000 bales o Texas cotton might have a mo. depressing effect on the market. The American Cotton Shippe. Association was notified by the le ter yesterday that the British Ra Cotton Commission has temporal! stopped shipment because of wh it, called "poor quality and unsatisfactory shipments" from Texas. Commission Directs Purchase The purchase of all foreign cotton brought into England is directed by the commission. Richard Thorpe, commission buying agent, snid the decision to withhold buying of Texas cotton involves 53 shippers and 42.000 bales for each of the months of January, February and March. Gerald Dearing, cotton editor of the Commercial Appeal, said —AT Wrephoto INTERNED AIRMAN'S FAMILY CHEEKED—Mr. and Mis. King Leo Elam and their son, Siiiney, 12, look at a picture of Sgl. James A. Elam, one of four U. S. airmen interned In Hungary, In Klngsliind, Ark. "Thank the Lord," said Mrs. Elam wheti informed that her older son may soon be freed. Elam was radio operator aboard the plane which flew Into Iron Curtain territory 40 days ago. He was freed tills morning. Arkansas Man Out of Hungary Fliers Art Taken To U.S. Air Bat* NICKELSDORF, Austria— (AP) — The four American airmen held by Communist Hungary for 40 days crossed the Austrian frontier back to freedom at 5:01 p.m., Au»- trian time, tonight. Walter j. Donnelly, the U.S. ambassador in Vienna, came to the Austrian frontier to greet the fliers. The U.S, had agreed to pay $120,000 In lines levied against the men ort a charge of violating the Hungarian border, provided the men were promptly released. Attache Accompanies Them The Clicrs were accompanied Across the border by Lt. Col. William Alcleii Somcrby, U.S. air at- tache in the American Legation at ' Budapest, Somcrby wore civilian clothing. Upon reaching the Austrian slda of the frontier, the fliers went into Truman Heads for D.C. Budget Issue in Mind KANSAS CITY (/Tj—President Truman ended his Christmas visit I home today and headed back to Washington with budget problems on .is mind. Mrs. Truman and their daughter, Margaret, did not accompany ilm back to the capital. Dallas Cotton Official Says Report Is False ..PALLAS, Tex. W/—The cxecu- Mll'e secretary ol the DzUas Cnl- ( ton Exchange sairt (oday lhat reports that Ihc British had cancelled an order for 1Z6.000 bales of cotton were false. "They cannot reject the cotton under the terms of the contract," said Karl Hunt. "It is true lhat they have held up shipment but arrangements have heen made for discussions on the matter between Texas cotton sellers antl British representatives." Southerly Winds Reach Midwest By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Southerly winds blew warmer air from Texas and the Southwest into the chilled and snow-covered Midwest today but. It was cold over the eastern part of the country. Temperatures ranged from 10 to 20 degrees higher early today in the upper Midwest and the Northern Plains slates. It was below zero over much f Hie nrca yesterday. The warmer weather was in respect for the next two days. It was sub-zero In parts of the New England states today with a reading of 11 below In Concord. M. H. March of Dimes Negro Division Head Homed County director of the Ne^ro division of the March of Dimes will be Rev. T. J. Green, pastor of the First Negro Baptist Church here and teacher at Clear Ivike school. The March of Dimes drive starts Jan. 1. Outnumbered UN Airmen Bag MIG Allied Infantrymen Recapture 'Christmas Hill' in Ground Fight SEOUL. Korea UP} — Outnumbered American Sabre jets shot a Red jet out of Korean skies today while Allied infantrymen recaptured Christmas HiJl on the snow- covered battle-front. The Fifth Air Force said U. S, Sabres came out unscathed from their 20-minute doTfight. The battle was between 24 Sabres and more than 70 MIG -15s. Another high flying 60 MIGS In the same area did not get. mixed up in the fight One Sizeable Ground Fight The fight for Christmas Hill Accnc o[ (he fiercest fighting in 31 days of twilight war on the Korean front, was the only sizable ground action reported. spokesmen (or the cotton trad condemned the British charges a. giving a "bad name" to Texas cot ton. Depressing Effect Seen Cotton men were contending Lha the British action could have a nios depressing effect on the market be cause the shippers already ha 1 prepared the order for export an milst move it. The letter urged sellers of Texa cotton to "regain the commission confidence" by renegotiating th Se* COTTON on Page 3 He had an important session cheduled with military officials on defense spending figures Tor :ie fiscal year beginning next July almost immediately after his ar- iva.l in Washington this afternoon. Budget "Most Troublesome" He has called that part of the uclget the .moat .troublesome '-he i.as .encountered In ^U6-- : years, -'as Senator'and President; The budget will )je presented to Congress soon after the lawmakers go back to work Jan. 8. The trip back to Washington, board the White House plane independence, closes out a Christmas holiday trip home which began on Christinas Eve. Immediate Load Eased Yesterday's decision by the CIO Steelworkers' Wage Policy Committee to keep their men at work pending'a union convention in Atlantic City Jan. 3 took an Immediate load off tlie President's mind. The President said he wa.s "happy"" and "hopeful" over the development, but Just how much ultimate effect the decision will have was an open question. Nobody in the White House would say whether there v/tt.s any sort of assurance that will happen after Jan. 3. Postponed Two Days Thus, as far as the public record Is concerned, all that has happened is a two-day postpone in en I of ,he steel stoppage originally set for New Year's Day. Auto Production To Be Reduced Second 3 Months Of 1952 to See Cut in Materials WASHINGTON (!?} — Without giving figures, Defense Production Administrator Manly Flelschmann says auto production will be "substantially* cut" during the second three months of 1952. Government allotments of critical metals for the first quarter nre designed lo nllou r production of 5.800,000 passenger autos. Flcischmann declined, in advance of a meeting here with Industry officials tomorrow, to say vhat further cut would be made 'or the second quarter- From other sources it was " learned lhat the ;oal for the April-June quarter Is one million cars. a police post building, accompanied. by Donelly anil Col. John Guillett, commander of the U.S. Air Forct Base at Tulln, along with other members of the American welcoming party. Uniforms Are Worn The airmen wore their Air Forco uniforms. The four fliers went Into a room from which photographers 'and reporters were barred. The airmen appeared tired. Donnelly brought the men through the border barrier In hl» big cur bedecked with the American flag and his blue ambassador'* banner. The (Hers arc: Capl. John J. Swift of Gkn» Falls, N. Y., pilot. Capt. Bave H. Henderson of Shawnee, okla., Co-pilot. T. Sjl. J«ss A. Duff of Spokane, Wash., mechanic/ Sgl. James A. Elam of Klnj«- lanrl. Ark., radio man. They were forced down near Papa, Hungary, NOV. 13 by Soviet fighter planes stationed in Cdrrimunist- riiled Hungary under the World War II pence treaty. -In ft^twlp-eneiner' C-47 they were enroute from'Erding, Germany, to Belgrade, Yugoslavia on a routine delivery of supplies, when they reported themselves lost. Men Heard From Dec. 3 They were not heard from until Dec. 3 when Tass, Russian -news agency, announced they had been forced down and were being held on charges of violating the Iron Cur- tnin for the purpose of "planting spies and saboteurs." The United States denied the charges and demanded the fliers be released. Amer- Defense Department's Blood Program Outlined for Rotary An outline of the Defense Department's volunteer blood program was given members ot Blytheville's Rotary Club yesterday by Mrs, Floyd Haralson, executive secretary ol the Chicknsawba District ol American Red Cross. Mrs. Haralson explained that the |E. Leigh, Joiner; A. H. Webb. Hoi Red cross is merely serving n .s an| land . RuMCll PinM Atlanta, On. agency to obtain donors lor the De-| Vlctor , vy Dc q,, ccn . Geni , Oood _ The towering beside Mun- tried ican diplomats ' in Budapest without success to see them. Orcltrcii lo Pay Fine Two days before Christmas, Hungary announced a secret military court had tried, convicted and sentenced the four fliers. They were ordered to pay a fine of $30,000 each or spend 00 days in jail. The Air Force planned to See FLIEUS on I'agc ] take fense Department. "The blood docs not go to the Red Crass and only the Defense Department has anything to say regarding I Us use. "Of course, practically all of it will go to Korea either as whole blood or as plasma. It has been estimated that nine pints are needed tor each injured man rc- nuiring Wood," she said. Locally, Mrs. Marabou said, the proj?rarn will it will give man, Memphis, and E. H. Chandler, Hot Springs. You Can Dicker for '42 Model Car Come Jan. 2 WASHINGTON '/Pj — Starting Jan. 2, you may buy n 1912 or older model used car on the best terms you can get from a dealer. Tlie Federal Reserve Board an- nonnccct yesterday it will free .such aulos from Regulation "W" on that date. The regulation requires a one-third down payment nnd payoff of the balance in 18 months. The reserve board said if.s action will have little practical effect be- ciuise, it snid. the general trade practice on older cars before fcd- ui-al curbs were imposed was to require even stlffer terms. U.S. Army Tries to Shoot Holes In British .280 Rifle Argument Congress to Wrangle Issue of Higher Support Prices for Farmers in 1952 WASHINGTON tion of whether M*,— The ques- the government should support farm prices at higher than present levels promises to be a big issue In the coming session of Congress- Demands for higher support prices will be marie by several farm leaders in Congress. Chairman Ellender D-La of the Senate agriculture committee already has- announced he win sponsor legislation to this effect. At pre?ent most farm products of be beneficial because the Blytheville Red Cross office a record of blood types, Valley not tar from Heart- Age Limits: 18 lo GO break Ridge, is just an outpost Persons over 21 and under 60 are on the Eastern Front. But it has j eligible to give blood when the changed hands repeatedly since I bloodmobile mattes its first vLsit Christmas Day. here on Jan. 31. It will be in Osccola the preceding day. Persons between the ages of 18 ami 21. Mrs. Haralson stated, must lie atcompatued by their parents. Examinations will be given all volunteers and a doctor will be on hand throughout the day. The Red Cross expects to obtain By ELTON C. KAY ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, VId. Ol'j—The United States Army is busily trying to shoot holes in Britain's argument that their new : ,280 caliber ride Is a superior weap- j ths non-perishable type are sup- goals this year. x>rtcd at maximum levels allowed i by law short of a national emergency. The maximum Is 90 per cent of parity. Parity is a standard for measuring farm prices declared by law to be equally lair to farmers and those who buy their products. Those who will press for higher j.upporls contend that If the farmer is not guaranteed higher returns farm production will fall short of needs They cite increased farm production costs and the failure of crops to meet government nearly 1.100 pints of blood per year from the Chickasawba District, she said, and the bloodmobile will probably visit Blythevillc every two months. Some 200 donors will be needed when the mobile unit comes (or ifs one-day visit on Jan. 31, she said. Mrs. Haralson was introduced by RoUrian R. A. Porter, who Is chairman of the blood program in this district. Gue-sts at the meeting Included R. on and should become the standardized rifle for the Western Allies. American Army ordnance experts, announcing firm Intention to adhere to the ,30 cntiber size for both current and future U. S. rifles, put on a firing demonstration nt this big imllllmetfr we a puns development center yesterday. British military officials, among others, attended. Churchill Favors .280 AH this doesn't seem to augur well for one item on Prime Minister Churchill's retried agenda lor discussion with Preside tit Truman, Rut the firing demon.stnUion, an accompanying "fact sheet" Issued by the Army, and oral comment, put across bome points, like these: 1. The American soldier must have a weapon with no less power Mr. Churchill, due to reach Washington laic next week, Is an exponent of Britain's new light rifle. Wh^ii the British Army showed off its new weapon last August U didn't make any verbal comparison with American weapons. The U. S. Army ordnance men yesterday than that of "any iTOtential enemy." A rule characteristics table for the m.ijor powers showed the muzzle velocity of the present M-I standard American weapon as about 2.860 feet p fi r .second; the Russian 7.62 2,610; (he standard British .303 as 2.350. The* new ,230 British gun is reported to have a 2.500-foot velocity. The experimental llpht U. S. rifle retains the same velocity of ihc M-l. Barrel Can Be Converted 'Thank God/ Mother Says of Elam's Release KINGSLAND, Ark. W> — A tearful, laughing, happy mother received the news that her son. one of four U. S. airmen held behind the Iron Curtain, was released by the Hungarian government today. "Oh, thank God. Thank God. I'm so happy they are safe." said Mrs. King Leo Elarn when told by The Associated Press that the four fliers were freed from a Himgaray jail. She is the mother of Sgt. James A. Ela »i, radio operator aboard the transport plane forced down by Soviet fighters in Hungary more than a month ago. "It's almost too good to ba true," said Mrs. Elum. "I've waited so long, so long." Mrs. Elam said she and her husband, an unemployed truck driver, hoped the Air Force would permit the four airmen to return to the United States for a fur- '-niBh as soon as possible. "We haven't seen James Albert since last year. IT he does come home it'll be the finest Christmas any mother could have." 2. Even if the. U. R. does not ?o Into immediate production of the new light rifle. Hie lighter weight ammunition with all lt,s present power retained can be nsrd in standard M-l r i lle.s by fairly easy eoii- version of the barrel and chamber, Tills, .^ald an ordnance official, means "large stocks of M-ls in this pointedly declined to compare their I and Allied countries can be con- new li<?hU .30 caliber rifle with i verted rapidly to n. e e thp now car- Britain's ,280. I Sec Rli'LKS on Page 3 LITTLE L/Z— Many vomen not only !k«<> their oirliili figures, Hicy double '
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