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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANBAB AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLTII—NO. 235 Blytheville Courier Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Daily New* Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY. DECEMBER 24, 1951 PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVB CENTS Yule Theme Of World at War-Peace Nearly Every Land Pauses in Midst of Strife BT Tht Associated PreM Christians the world over who h»v« failed for centuries to llnd the peace Christ preached, celebrated hit birthday eve today In many languages, customs and traditions. The President is scheduled to press a button this evening to light the national community Christmas tree. He will do that from his home in Independence, Mo. t and broad- east In Washington, his annual Christmas message. In Vatican City, Pope Plus XII again made an Impassioned plea for peace. It was the Pontiff's 13th Christmas message since his thronement. Fratee* Sunt In Korea In Korea, In Europe, even behind ihe Iron Curtain, praises were sung for the Lord. Soldiers of the more affluent countries fighting in Ko rea and standing duty In Western Europe organized parties for, the children of the countries where they ttiemselves are foreigners. In the Holy Land, torn by the 1946 war between Arabs and Jews, Moslem Jordan relaxed its barriers on the holy shrines ol Christianity to let pilgrims visit Bethlehem and the Old City of Jerusalem. Jordan occupies both, but for the second straight year is letting 2,500 Christians In from Israel to wor- ih Ip. Th« first of a series of Christmas acrvleel fci the Holy Land was held yesterday 4 ln Nsaareth of Galilee. •where Jemis was reared. It waa held In the Kara roth ^ Church maintained by the ,South-. ™ «rn Baptist Church In the'United States. In Europe, American soldiers, tailor* and airmen are playing host to more than a quarter million needy children at hundreds of holiday parties. Berlin Needy Helped The three Allied commandants of Western Germany donated a total of $47,600 to make the season a bit cheerier lor poor kids and old folks ki West Berlin. It'll go mostly for shoes and clothing. Gen. and Mrs. Dwlght D. Eisenhower planned an "old-fafihfoned American Christmas at pome"— home being their quarters at BHAPE just outside of Paris. A fev, close friends will help them put away the turkey. The same fare goes to all American forces overseas—a hot 1 dinner for every GI, even on the frontllnes of Korea. • In Moscow, foreigners went sbou their prayerful tribute to Christ The Russian capital looked a bi 'A festive in preparation for the cele ''^ brntion of New Year's. The foreign embassies in Moscow are having parties for their colony of children. The Rev. Father John Brassard, American Roman Cath oilc priest from Worcester. Ma? who lives in Moscow' will officia at Christmas Eve services. Truman Starts Holiday a Midst of Prolb/ems Weather Arkansas forecast: Mostly cloud this afternoon, (onighl and 'rues i.xi'1.' i.Vl* * C'ALLi?:— ?f!-^ tn mile on her lace, six-year-old Carolyn Sue Burnett iocs to work with hnmmei- and nail to provide' a ' ^-Courier' News Pholo tor a be-whiskcred gentleman she expects' to drop in tonight. She is the daughter ol Mr. and Mrs. Ted Burnett or Caruthersvillc. J.S. Groping n Case of Four Fliers Hungary Fines Each $30,000 In 'Spy'Trials WASHINGTON <&}— In the ab .eiicc of official word from Hangar) State Department officials apparent- y were groping today for a course of action In the case of four imprisoned U. S. airmen. Hungary has ruled the four Amcr- .can fHera forced down In their C- 47 cargo plane by Soviet fighters Nov. 19 must pay lines of 360,000 forints, about $30,000, each or spend three months in jail. But no official word came to the State Department. In fact., efforts of the American Legation In Budapest to find out from Hungarian officials the who, where, what and why of the fines were apparently stymied by a holiday which closed Government offices for three days. The Reds said the fliers confessed to violating the Hungarian border I and acquiesced In the verdict against them in military court. Their plane got lost while en- route from Germany to Yugoslavia with cargo for the U. S. Embassy in Belgrade, American authorities announced after they disappeared. Hungary and Russia Inter disclosed they were being held and their plane was impounded. The four were accused by the Russians at the; United Nations Assembly 1 ast week of be in g ' 'spies and saboteurs." The U. S. accused the Russians of "spy mania". The four are Capt. John J. Swift of Glen Falls, N. Y.; Capt. Dave H. ienderson of Shawiiee, Okla.J r/Sgt; Jess A. Duff "of Spokane, Wash.; and Sgt. Jnmes A. Einm of ingslano^. Ark. .,,.,. Officials lof the American Legation here were trying to contact the Hungarian Foreign Ministry today See FLIERS Page 6 Reds Reject Ridgway Prison Check Appeal WASHINGTON <AP>—President Truman takes /time out from press- ig world and national affairs today to go home for Christmas. The Chief Executive, flying aboard the White House plane Inde- .endence, planned to' join Mrs. Truman at their residence in Indepen- .ence, Mo., by midday*: , .= -_-.-"... If business allows, Mr. Truman anticipates nothing more than the sort of trip home for a family celebration of the holiday that many another '• .American is making— modified by~ttlS complicated travel arrangements that "^-.with the Presidency. . "• "-*,". But just how much'of a breafe the GhrisLmas trip will make in Mr. Truman's workaday affairs re- Truman Sees Mew Spirit of rlope in World WASHINGTON Wt — President -Truman told the nation In a Christmas message today there has arisen h the world a new spirit of hope :hat a true and lasting peace may come from the sacrifice of free men arming and fighting together. "In the words of the Bible, the day is not yet here when the shall be broken, and the lace cut off, and the chariot burned," the President said. "But we have faith that that day may come." Mr. Truman's message was prepared for broadcasting from his fireside at Independence, Mo., just before he pressed a telegraph hey and set the nation's Christmas tree MOSTLT CLOUDY day. Occasional ralri' and A l!tt warmer tonight and Tuesday. Md enflte easterly winds. Missouri forecast: Generally fair today, colder extreme southeast, warmer extreme southwest, high I temperatures near 20 northeast to 30-55 southwest; Increasing cloudiness and warmer tonight followed by occasional light snow west and north late tonight or Tuesday; low tonight 10-15 northeast to 20's southwest; Tuesday, mostly cloudy with occasional snow likely north mid central and occasional rain extreme south, warmer east and south. Minimum this morning—3-i. Maximum yesterday—55. Minimum Sunday morning—25. Maximum Saturday—53. Sunset today—4:55. Sunrise tomorrow—7:05. Precipitation 48 hours t-^ ^ a.m. . today—none. r Total since Jan. "1—44.72. Mean temperature (midway between high and low—4-1.5, Normal mean temperature for December—41.9, This Date 1*a*t Year Minimum Ihts morning—33. Ma.vlhium yesterday- fi3. Preci":'-tiou January 3 to riitte—*9.8«. aglow with colored lights at the White House here. * In what could be^the last Christmas address he will deliver as President. Mr. Truman harked back Set NEW SPIRIT on Page 6 tnnins to be seen. Depcnns on niurray Part of that depends on Philip Murray, president of the strike- threatening CIO United SteeUvork- ers, and some depends on what the Communist truce negotiators do at Fanmunjom, Korea. There could be business, too, in connection with (the President's avowed aim to take "drastic" action to sweep "wrongdoers" out of the U. S. Government. The immediate problem is steel. Mr. Truman referred the USW's New Year's Day strike threat to the Wage Stabilization Board Saturday nighl. and called on the industry and Ihe union to. keep production going. The President told both; management and workers that th'fay "must" ~ t ' 0 !k€ep production golng-^ broad iu- I See TRUMAN on fca^e 6 * * * Holiday Auto Death Toll * Reaches 3 62 (By The Associated Press) Slaughter on the highways and in the .streets, fires in homes and other buildings, and deaths by drownmgs and a variety of other accidents made this Christmas a tragic otic for hundreds of American families. The toll of lives early in the third day of the four-day Yuletide week end had reached 362. Traffic accidents accounted for 2G5, fires for 53, and miscellaneous mishaps 44. ^ The National Safely Council hriS predicted 600 would die In trau'.'P mishaps in the IDS hours betweeTK^ P.m. Friday and midnight Tues^0y. That-is.thc highest figure tije council: has ever forecast for a^jNjHday period. An Associated -Press survey for the three-day Christmas holiday last year showed a de£th toll of 545 from all accidents. \, Head of Point ^ Four Program Dies in Crash SNOW CAPPED—Tiny Luna island lies beneath a heavy cover of now at the brink at the American Palls section, at Niagara Palls, N. Y. A five-day storm has lelt thjs tourists' mecca smothered In nearly wo feet of snow. (AP Wirephoto). Robber Slugs • ^•v::^ :: '^l! Flees wit Cily, county and stale police officers today were searching for a 'Humanitarian' Prison Set-Up Claimed by Foes MUNSAN, Korea (AP) — The Communist high command today rejected Gen. Matthew B. Riclgway's appeal to permit Red Cross inspection of North Korean prison camps. The Pcii)ing Radio said North Korean Premier Kim II Sung and Chinese General Peng Teh-Hual told the United Nations supreme commander inspections were unnecessary because of the "humanitarianism" shown Allied prisoners in Red camps. The Communists broadcast the letter to Rlclgwny delivered Mon-. (lay to U. N. truce negotiators' at Panniunjom. Allied authorities have noE. as yet disclosed the Red rejection. The broadcast was monitored by the Associated Press in Tokyo and San Francisco. Reds Claim "SMetrackins" The Red commanders declared early agreement on an armistice will permit fill prisoners to return quickly to their homes. .They added: "Several important questions 1n armistice negotiations are now 'he point, or being 'settled. The , '.thing holding up .agreement :Vs %your side's continuous and persistent sidetracking and unreasonable demands which are created Mine Disaster Toll Set at 119 One Man Is Rescued In Serious Condition WEST FRANKFORT, III. (/I") One survivor was rescued from th West Frankfort mine disaster tod;l and Mine Superintendent. John B Foster, setting final deatli toll n 119. said there "were no more alive." Rescued from the mine 550 feet below the surface was Cecil Sanders, 44, of Bcnton. He was taken to the United Mine Workers hospital in serious condition. Foster said: "There are five men down there —no more alive. We believe that Is all." ; With 119 dead, the West Frankfort blast Is the nation's worst mine disaster in 23 years. There had been an earlier report that some others trapped below might still be alive. However, later Inspection led to Foster's statement no more survivors were in the explosion which rocked the sprawling mine last Friday night. If the number of dead reaches the total on the tnorguc list of dead and missing it will he worse than the toll of 111 In the mine disaster Negro ritarr who hit a Blytheville grocer with a from his store Saturday night. Sherif William Bcrryman, who* assisted In the investigation, said that W. R. Ellis, proprietor of a grocery at 2121 chlckastiwba, wns not seriously Injured when struck in tlie robbery. In addition to the 4300, Sheriff Berryman said, the Negro took a pistol. Mr. Ellis told investigating officers that the Negro came In his store and lingered some 30 or 40 minutes until all other customers had left. When Mr. Ellis bent down behind his counter, he was struck with a soft drink bottle and thrown bottle and took J300 to the floor, he said. One suspect. Sheriff Berryman said, has been picked up for questioning but officers are Investigating other leads. Trumon Awaits Strike Answer WASHINGTON. i!\'i — President Truman t«day awaited a reply from his'appeal that the CIO stcel- \vort:crs cancel a threatened New Year's Day steel strike. CIO President Philip Murray IJ1;lull . ^,, weiqhcd his response in Pittsburgh j ns usua] •• Pope Renews Plea for Peace In 13th Christmas Message VATICAN CITY. (iF>— Pope Plus XII. In his 13th Christmas message Lo the world since his enthrone- iitical institution." "Political men and some times churchmen," he said, "who would intend to make of the spouse of Christ, the church, their ally would [ Tehran^ for an official five-day ^visit violate the very essense of church." Referring to the Babe of Beth- i developed iehem, the Pope said that once ; , A "<» n " from his crib, the church' Jamm " ment, again made an impassioned plea today for peace. Speaking in e. strong voice on the even of the anniversary of the birth of Christ, the Prince of Peace, the Pontiff expressed great Joy at being once aaain able to meet thus with the faithful In all continent* and with all who believe In God. But he said grave problems still ri^h upon the world whfch arc mere than ever cu'ling it into two distuict and opposed camps. Indicating the Catholic Church could not take a stand with ei'-rwr of the^e two camps, the Pope outlined the church's contributions to pea«. The church, he_ said, not have "a pure political intrn'st.' jatil. lhereMii.it he _a return to spir- Tl;e Osthoiic Church, the PonejitUKl values which akmt can assure •. said, i> a "relliioiu and riot a po-jpeac*. TEHRAN. Iran (AP) — Iran's Ameiknn colony was In mourning today for Dr. Henry G. Bennett, U. S. Point Four program director, and even other Americans who perished Saturday night in a plane crash which claimed 21 lives. The crash came when the big four-cngincd plane, owned by Egypt's Misr Airlines, tried to grope through a blinding snowstorm and hurtled into the base of a 10.000- foot granite range north of Tehran. No one survived the disaster, worst in Iran's air history. Among the victims was Bennett's wife, uho had accompanied him to at Ccntralia. 111., five years ago. The exact number of dead and missing v:a.s indefinite because some * who were in the blast has- back into the mine to aid In the ftscut work. A r^H 18 * 1 federal team, headed by Prayers Mingle With Fighting Scattered Skirmishes Mark Christmas Eve Along Korean Front SEOUL. Korea, (fft— Allied soldiers today prayed for peace but fought scattered skirmishes on the frosty Korean battle front. There was plenty of Cbrislmns spirit along the 145-mile front IMHed Nations troops Vmd religions services, wrapped gifts for Korean orphans, gathered around trees decorated \vith hoinc-mncle baubles ft!i opened packages from lionie. Francis Cardinal Spcttman, Archbishop of New York, celebrated ills first wartime mass in Korea tbi. morning with GOO soldiers. The white-haired Cardinal, dressed ti Army winter clothing, was on ; (lying tour of front-line units. Out. for many a soldier, the dn before Christmas meant "busines to delay the negotiations," Whil* the Reds balked nt permitting inspection of their prison camps they did propose Monday a post-office be set up in neutral Panmunjom so prisoners of both sides could send and receive mail. The U. N, quickly agreed. With only three days remaining ntil the provisional cease-fire line groenicnt expires, there appeared rn chance that negotiators would e able to agree on a Korean arm- tice before the deadline. Repel Minor Attacks Along the quiet, wctitry battle ront Allied troops beat back a se- les of minor Red probing attacks. lut for the must part soldiers at- endcd religious services and put lie finishing touches on prepara- ion.s for Christmas celebrations. Sec CKASE-FIKE Page 6 With the mercury aruum nnd the betting was about even that) the " frcc; , lnK j cvc l. U.N. forces re he would accept or reject the pica. Murray also heads the slcelwcrk- ers' union. Some bbor leaders here felt that the union Executive Committee's "no contract, no work" policy Sccretarf 1 of Interior Oscar Chap-1 meant going ahead with the schcd- man star'ed an investigation yes-' ulcd walkout when present agree-1 southwest of Choi won lerday " I rnents expired at midnight Dec. 31. Central Korea. pulsed a series of small Comtnu nisi probing attacks earty today. The heaviest action of the 2-1 hour period ending at mirtnigh Sunday wa.s a -still two-hour between an Allied tank-infanir raiding party and Chinese Rec in West Red Report*' Interviews Captured U.S. General — Dean £aved Last Bullet for Himself OPS to Undertake Control of Costs Of Military Items WASHINGTON. W>,—The Office of Price Stabilization, set up to protect the housewife against price gouging, is going to undertake the same service for the armed forces. OPS and the Defense Department announced jointly yesterday the establishment of a government committee to make sure the government is nr>t over-charged for the airplanes, trtnk.s and other weapons it buys. The new committee to consider "price and re-pricing policies, procedures find practices at all military levels" probably will include represent :iti'.e.s of the Munitions Hoard, the Atomic P"ner?y Ccni'ius- &Lon. the Defense Product km Ad- mini.sLriit.ion and the'General Services Aciministration as well -,\s of OI*3 and the Defense Department. connection with the Point Four program of technical aid to undcr- rather*\ than ^ again assumes her mission of peace, It is only love, he said, thit can give men the ability to gain peace. The church, said the Pope, unlike Die worldly powers I hat from lime: 1o t.tme leave their neutrality to ] enter one camp or another, "holds herself far from such changeable ccmbinaUonr." It Is not for her to leave her divine mission. Tf war is truly to be avoWed, he f the victims v as Ben-! jamfn H. Hardy, chief public affairs Olficrr of the program. Other Americans aboard the plane were Jamrs T. Mitchell, audio-visual specialist; A. C. Crilley. Bennett's -special assi'lsMl: T^ouls Henrik Jordal. University of Michigan botanist believed to have bsen on a mission for the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization FAO; Jesse Lee Smith, Columbus Ga., representing the Centennial Colon Gin Company, and Mrs. Emi- Jean R)mrlde?gal. address unknown. The otlirr victims were six Trnn- . UiiS, and five Egyptian crewmen, I on« German and OEM 1n4*n««tan. PANMUNJOM. KoJea (ft— MaJ. Gen. William F. Dear.» long-missing commander of the\P- 8. 24th Division, told a Communist *° r respondent he saved his let to kill himself be captured—but the Reds him through a ruse. \ The correspondent, W 11 f A? d Burchett. 40. of the Parts ntvf~ paper Ce Soir. said he interview-' cd Dean three days a?o in a pris-' 1 on camp near Pyongyang Korean Red capital. Pictures ol Dean, given AP Correspondent Robert B. Tuck- mnn by Burchetl. were Identified ti.sl lively by Mrs. Dean at her Bcrl-elcy. Calif., home. Radioed lo the United States, the pictures were moved on the AP Wirephoto network. "That's my husband, all right," said Mrs. Dean, crying happily. "There's no doubt about It, It's Jusi uotulrrhil lo sr-e Mm. Auy- onr who ever lo-es faith must, re- thi« uuulkio about Gto. Dean. "What he came through shows what human endurance can Aland." Dean, a Congressional Medal of Honor winner, was listed as missing for 17 months before his name appeared on the Communist war prisoner list. - Burchett gave this account of his Interview with Dean: Dean was fighting alongside hU men at Tacjon, July 20, 1950, when Russian-equipped North Korean tank columns were sweep- Xing Into South Korea, ^ The husky General, then 51. battled his way out of a road blo&f - h tlri ml "K Taejon . a f Ler orri<Ying his men not to suvren- jjjj. VHe helped carry wounded men U? **lety. ThenV Burchett said. Dean wan- ?nonth in the hills— for 20 dayA> In J urcd ltjSl G0 pounds. Dean **** ^ tiinr - s - bm «»" dc *» lhe Ileris - »g°niwn* dered foC a without ri"** and slcV r w M-as ' Mir. oil ctu:h lime e During he save and carefully poli.shrd his last 12 bullets. Burchett (iuoi- ed him. "I wa.s absolutely determined never to become a prisoner of war. I was determined to kill 13 North Koreans. The 12th build was for me. 11 But near Chilian, some 30 miles nf Tacjon, Dean was sheltered and fed by two Koreans. They betrayed him when North Korean soldiers closed in, Dean drew his Kun, but one of his "friends" grabbed bus arm before he could shoot. Dean's left shoulder h,id been broken in n fall while IK: was trying to elude the Rcd.s. He i,uf- frred from dysentery or an acute stomach ailment and finally malaria. Burchett said Dean regained his health last September and now weighed about 180 pounds. The correspond*nt said he and Deaii talkrrt fur thii'f hour- «u u t\\o- rooiu crll^i in which [lie (Jeneiw.! is Imprisoned. Staff to Take Holiday; No Paper Tomorrow Courier NV^s personnel will take a holiday tomorrow and no edition of the newspaper will be published, Publication will be resumed Wednesday- LITTLE LIZ— I is o knockout, she rl j =omc cinq experience.