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: EIGHT BLYTHBVILLB BLYTHEViLLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEWS CO. m.W. HAINfS, Publisher 'JAMES L. VERHOEFF, Editor PAUL D HUMAN, Advertising Manager Sole National Advertising Representatives: WaJUce Wltoer Co.. New York, Chicago, Detroit Atlanta, Memphis Published Every Afternoon Except Sunday ', Entered as second class matter »t the iwst- bfllce at Blythevllle, Arkansas, Under act of Congress, October 9, 1917. ,.. __ *..,. Served, by the United Press v , , SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier in the city of Blythevllle or any suburban town where carrier service is maintained, 20o per week, or 85c per month. By mall,- within, a radius of 40 miles, $4.00 per year, $2 00 for six months, *1.00 for three months; by mall outside 50 mile zone, $10.00 per year payable In advance. THOUGHT FRIDAY The Lord lobketh from htaveil; he richotdcth all the sons of mm. He fashioned their hearts alike; ' he constAereth all their works.—I'salms 33:13-15. • * • We hold these truths to be self-evident,— that all men are created equal; that they nrc endowed by their Creator with certain un- allenabie rights— Declaration of Independence. High Cost of Higher Learning -All of America's educational headaches aren't in the public schools. They're worse there, of course, with too few qualified teachers and too little money to pay them. But the colleens have their troubles, too. And these seem JikeJy to grow worse as the pulj- lic; school problems are solved. j What the 1 colleges are up sjfnJiist is-told in the current issue of School and Society by W. Emerson Reck, public relations director at Colgate University. The article is the outcome of a survey of 124 colleges in 3-1 states which Mr. Reck conducted under sponsorship of the Society for the Ad- virticement of Education and the Amur ,ica'n College Public Relations Associa- . tion. •; I Parents and students may have wondered why,, with a bumper enrollment of veterans, most colleges have Braised their tuition. Alumni may have become impatient at the continuing appeals for donations from alma mater. Mr. Recker explains the money famine midst of plenteous enrollment, influx of more than 1,00,000 has made necessary a heavy /outlay for college housing. In. addition, 'extra clerical help for extra paper work 'has put the cost of educating a veteran 10 to 15 per cent above Chat of a non- veteran student. . This helps to explain why the av- college's expenses are up 52 per cent over prewar, (some schools report expense increases from 100 to 400 per cent), while tuition was up only 19.7. per cent. As an added complication, endowment income is down an average of nearly 8 per cent. And one out of the veyed colleges reported that 100 pel- cent of more of their working capital was tied up by the Veterans Administration's present policy of paying tuition and fees only in arrears. ^ /Almost half the colleges questioned by. Mr. Reck have borrowed from banks,used current gifts, or conducted special campaigns. Some have done -ill three. ' .Most college presidents, Mr. Beck found, = are fearful O f the future. What is .going-to happen, they ask, if labor and material costs and salaries continue to:me when the so-callec! GI boom "a over? Most colleges will be left with over-developed plans, some of thorn ?iJT-^ artime or P ost war construction. Tuition can't be raised incUfintley to meet higher costs. For college administrators, in their role O f businessmen, have the businessman's fear o f Pricing themselves out of the market " _ Suggested solutions are public subsidy-for state and municipal colleges private subsidy for the others, and ' possibly^ legislation creating fcderal scholarships without federal control of education. As President Charles J. Turck of Macalester College puts it, "The large fortunes that sustained colleges have been depleted by taxation or divided by inheritance. &eV donors on the grand scale aYe hard to locate and to interest. The outlook ahead of the small college is not good . . . New friends must be found." K So it justm that higrher education.. like almost every other Anierican com. modity, is in for a permanent price rise. And since America cannot exist as a great nation without her colleges, there's nothing for her citizens to' do —as taxpayers, alumni, or philanthropists—but dig down and ahell out. No Reservations Needed, Either We don't know whether it solves (he automobile shortage or the housing shortage, but the War Assets Ad- mini-strntion hns 2300 private railroad cars for sale. They come in sleeping and cooking models ant! cost from £2880 to ?3240. We commend them to the public along with a portion of the sage advice which Attorney General Tom Clark recently gs\vti the country: Jf it- has wheels on it, buy it. IT it's hollow, rent it. VIEWS OF OTHERS We All Have a Stake in Better Farming Bankers not. only realize that they have a fundamental Interest in agriculture, but In mnny regions they have had an Important pan In promoting erosion control work, l n reclaiming worn lands and In establishing the diversified crop programs which have increased general income. Balanced farming contributes to bank bal- aJiccs, in a region -largely dependent on agriculture, as Arkansas is. the condition of the soil and the way the land is tilled are reflected in the financial resources of the communities. Business In this state ordinarily responds to the fluctuations of farm production. Soil losses, |xx>r crops, low market prices are matters of serious concern to the cities. Diversification of crops, on the other hand, helps stabilize the general economy. Associate Director Aubrey D. Gates of ttio Arkansas Agricultural Extension Service said In speaking before Group Two of the Arkansas Bankers Association Uiat our long growing season, mild climate and irrigation otter opportunities lor further diversification. He Erected attention to the Grand Prairie, where these three fac- lors have been used t o gi'cat advantage hi developing prosperous farms and towns. Although rice is the jjmin product, other crops arc grown, and the farm activities are unified In a nicely balanced, diversified plan, with irrigation used both for certain "dry" crops and rice. With its varied soils and other resources Arkansas possesses the means for a highly diversified pattern of farming. Every farm ; can grow numerous products. There i s something suitable lor each acre. Lit the crop must be grown that can be grown most profitably on each kind of land, and new methods must replace Radices that have proved to be less profitable. Agriculture can no more affonl to be i hidebound than industry can. —ARKANSAS GAZETTE. Mr. Green Changes Tactics "The Wagner Act might be amended to grant free speech to employers ai»l to make unions file financial reports with the government." Those words were spoken to the House-Labor Committee by William L. Green. That is the same Mr. Green president of the API,, who the week before was telling Senate Labor Committee that any change in present labor laws was likely to bring on a wave of strikes. This is the first break in a solid opposition to any change in the labor status quo. It i s apparent that Mr. Green has taken note of the public temper as reflected in Congress. He seems at last to have decided that the best way to avoid punitive legislation is to admit that labor is not without special privilege and to make some constructive suggestions. We think that he is wise, and we congratulate him. BARBS BY HAL COCHRAN A clubhouse Is where tliero arj iuor c good lies than there are on a golf course. • • » «, Some clothes in the tropics are made or banana skins. Making It m nch easier, no doubt for iriiady to slip on her evening ^own. » » • Small worries aren't too bad for anyone, snvs a doc-tor. Unless they cry In the .light. SO THEY SAY That armed force underlies diplomacy hns been made abundantly clear.—Artml. Thomas c. ..Kmkald. Commander Eastern Sea Frontier. * » > There is not only actually very little resentment toward Allied troops In Japan, but the People in general arc very friendly toward our soldfcrs.—George Atcheson jr., chairman Allied Council for Japan. Edson Watns Against Expecting Too Much From Foreign Ministers in Moscow Peace Conference Cheer Up; Pretty Soon We Can Coast FRIDAY, MARCH 7, 1947 • • --••- BY PETER EDSON NBA Washington Correspondent WAS1UNGTON. March 7—(NBA) To expect too much from the Big Pour Council of Foreign Ministers' neetiiig which opens (n Moscow Mui'cli 10 would be a serious mls- iike. Tills is not to predict fnlltire. 3ilt the general impression thnt his first conference which Gen. ."icorgc Marshall is attending ns U 3. Secretary of Stnte will produce he draft for a treaty of peace with rrmiiny is n ll wrong. The conference will just talk about it, possibly l°cl()ing what to do next. H took IB months to write the pence treaties with Italy. Huiignry, Romania, Bulgaria, nncl Finlnml. I will tnke at least lhat long— irobnbly two years or more—betore n peace treaty with Germany \\i\- ue ready. For Austria, the time may he a ittle shorter. TWO sets of Amer- cnn, British. French, and Russian Icputles to the.foreign ministers lave been meeting in London since Ian. 15. Their task hns been to i'fipnrc for the Moscow conference. The deputies on the Gciimm icaty haven't been able to ntjree Jn a thing. The deputies on the Austrian treaty have prepared 11 •ough draft which the foreign will have a look at. lint t is full of dissenting opinions, and whether they can lie straightened out at Moscow is rmcstlon- ible. Aside from these two treaties, he agenda for the Moscow con- crence has not been made public ?M may not be announced before larch 10. But the general nature f the .subjects which Marshall. Kevin. Bidault, nnd Molotov have agreed to talk about can be indi- atcd. TO HASH OVER COUNCIL ItKl'OKTS First, will be a report from the Allied control councils — the lour Allied generals now in command of militnvy government in the four occupation zones of Austria and Hoi-many. These control councils, which sit in Vienna and Berlin, have prepared reports of nearly 1050 pages. They cover tile l>ix>- prrss which has been made in car- Jying out the policies set forth in iho Potsdam agreement of August. l!)4,i. on the disarming, denazify-' Ini.'. and democratizing o f Germany. Report will also be made on the progress - or rather n, c lack of progress—in collecting reparations from Germany. Then there will be reports on the inability to set up central administration.-; to govern the finance, transport, communications, aiitl trade between the four '"ties Of both countries. Revision of the Potsdam declaration, which was the temporary policy, directive t o Inn Allied control councils for the government of CiBrmnny and Austria, i s possible At,any rate, further instructions to the councils for military government of tile occupation zones until tho treaties arc ready w ili be up for <uscuss!on. One of the most important recent achievements of the control council in Berlin hns been promulgation of nil order breaking up the old kingdom and state of Prussia, biggest and most aggressive of Germany's political subdivisions and the real troublemaker in both world wars. ' •' li-Ollf With Prussia formally dissolved the question of the future organization of Germany comes up. What lo.-ni of government shall it have? How fash shall it be created? These things must be decided so ns "to IN HOLLYWOOD BY ERSKINE JOHNSON NEA Staff Correspondents HOLLYWOOD — (NEA) — Shrewd Maria Monte?, ts still right ip there as one of the smartest gals in Hollywood. Now she's getting paid for Inting her husband, jean Pierre Au- nont, make love to her. "The love scenes." Maria proin- scrt, "will be hot but in good lastc. have never seen Jean plav snch *>d love scenes. Maybe it 'is bc- auso he loves me. yes?" Wearing n black wig nnd not nuch else, Marin again is playing the queen of n mythical country. It's a role on which she has an almost exclusive priority. This lime the picture is "Atlantis." with a r.light ring of authenticity lo tlic lost continent story. But the plot Is typical Mbnirz fluff—n queen who mummlflcj; so or so discarded lovers until .jean I J ;orre comes along. Then it's "fiiev livert happily ever arter," with 1 Presume, the 50 mummies still Bathcring dust down In the cellar "But this." Maria insisted "is ,-i oclter story than the ones I R ol at Universal. They were dopev Besides, I get $100.000 and 10 ncr cent of the profits." There's an accent coach (with a Itusslan accent) on the set secuv' that Frenchman j CH n Pierre elocs"- nt talk with too thick a French accent and to sec that Maria Mnn- icc. sounds more itke the queen ot Atlantis than Maria Montcz MVOON-Inoi, LOSING WKIGHT Some of the boys at Paramount were having a heated debate over the Hollywood star system. "How," said one. "can \ve tell who Is a star?" Unit Manager Harry Canlan said he had the answer "It all depends." he said, "on whether they have a dressing room." » « * Orson Welles and KUa Hay- vrorili arc straining at the tcasli nsain . . . Van Johnson is faking injections lo lose another 20 pounds . . . orchestra Leadcr Wootly Herman is .injjlinf for a radio rrnoiiins job minus his band . . . Frances Langford and Jon Hall am goin ff ou t on the road as a ballroom singing team. They open at Mission Brach. near San nioso. March S, r or $1750 for the evening's work. McKENNEY ON BRIDGE fictd Distribution Reaten hy Squeeze 11Y W1LI.M3I E. iMcKEJWEV America's Car<l Authority Written for NEA Service The president of the American Contract Bridge League. Raymond J. McOrovc. ot Brooklyn, N. Y., rates himself as just an average class. His bid of five chite might socm a. little bold, bnt it was not. in view of the fact that South had opened the bidding and McGrovcr I North) had r.n opening bid of his own. When East cashed first the ace and then the king of spades. Mc- Grovcr knew that he had no more spades. East shifted lo a heart nnd McGrover wtm up with dummy's nee, catching West's singio- havc a new German government reidy to take over whatever condi- -mns of peace the Allies finally decide to impose on the defeated nn- Uon. V. S. VS. RUSSIAN TYI'E OF GOVERNMENT In . instructing their deputies tt'hat provisions shall b c drafted into this treaty, the foreign ministers have political, territorial economic, and military questions to consider. Politically, the question is whether to set up the future German centralized government like -a Soviet or former German state orga- ni/cd from the top down, or like an American state organized from the bottom up. Also whether there shall be one political party as in Russia, two as in United States, o.- more as in France and England. There are three principal "territorial questions. First is the fixing of Germany's eastern boundary, now temporarily se t at the Oder River. Second i s determination of what to do with the Ruhr and Khinettmd, Germany's richest industrial areas on th e French border. ThirJl is minor revisions on Ihe borders of Holland and Bel- fmm. , Economic questions are principally the unification of Germany so M to treat it as one country instead or four zones and whether to revise the previously agreed on level of production which will determine Germany's future standard 9f living. Demilitarization of Germany w ill bc considered in connection with the American proposal first advanced by former Secretary of State James p. Byrnes, for n trealv to keep permany disarmed for 2S or 40 years. NEXT: Byrnes' policy guides Marshall a t Moscow. McGrovcr 48 52 V9 »K63 *AKQ872 A AK VQ1076 432 » J952 + None 496 VAJ85. » A Q 10 7 * 1065 Tournament—Neither vul. South West North East ! * 2* 34. 3A Pass Pass 54 Pars Orjcnine—»A -7 player. He claims It is not important to play expert bridge so far as the enjoyment of tournament: is concerned. The social meetings and companionship that tournaments provide come first with him. However. I think that today's blind puts "pay" into the expert ton king, which did him no good. He led a small club from dummy and to his amazement, East showed out. Now McGrover was confronted with the jct> of keeping West from making a trump trick. His next play was a small diamond, finessing dummy's ten-spot, whicli held the trick. The ten of clubs was led. West covered with the jack and McGrovcr won with the kine. He Ice! a small diamond to dunf- my's queen, thtn led dummy's third chrb. Now he cashed all his clubs and nt (he !ast clt'b taid. East vvas down to the jack and one diamond and the qiicen of hearts. If he discarded' a ciimaond. McGrover would discard the jack ot hearts from dummy and win the last two diamonds, n East discarded the tricks with the ace ,ind seven of queen ol hearts. MeGrovcr would win the last two tricks with the jack of hearts and w of diamonds. Government Victory Over Lewis Forerunner of Peace in Coal Pits Sunday School Lesson Scripture: Johnson's Oospol, Chapter 13. BY WILLIAM H. GILKOY, D. l>. Tlic 12 ir.en whom Jesus gathered around Him. as His lirsl du- ciples. though they came from fish- Ing, tax-gathering, and other humble occupations, were no ordinary men. They were capable of adventure, and they were fired with great ambition. They counted themselves able for anything as long as their ambitions could be attained. One sees thl s in various glimp- m Zebetfec's children" that her som James and Jclin, should occupy tlic highest places in tile earthly kingdom that she assumed Jesus wa., going to set up, the intense indignation of the other disci-! pies when they heard her request, and the discussions that Jesus should"^ trT^. J h l Cl1 ° C Ulcm should bo the gieatest. I Agam ana again Jesus rebuked them setting a little child in the HAT the" e " r ?T Hi5 le;lC " mK " S C ° likC 1UUC * By CirAiailS H. IIEItKOMI I United I'rcss Staff Correspondent) WASHINGTON, March 7. — The government today viewed its smashing Supreme Court victory nvcr John L. Lewis as a virtual guara.i- Icc of yearn in the soft ronl fields until June HO. The historic decision all but wiped out the threat of smother strike during liovefnment operation of the mines, ten-ring the wholly unexpected possibility that Lewis will >-isk another l)ig contempt Tine by (lout- ins the highest court in the land. Technically, Lewis' signal for afjf strike on April 1—24 days hence— ; still stood. Hut the Supreme Court, in upholding the contempt convictions against Lewis and his United Mine workers, gave him just five (lays to withdraw the notice after the courts' formal mandate Is delivered. Failure to obey would cost the union the full §3,500,003 line imposed on it lnsL Dec. 4 by Federal District Court Judge A. Alan Goldsborough —and make it liable for still additional penalties for contempt. The Supreme Court ordered the original line against the UMW reduced to $700.000 if the strike cull is cancelled. But it ruled that Lewis must pay the full $10,000 penally levied against him personally. The standards, but that he who would' be greatest must become the servant of all, and cited His own example. "I am going among you as one that scrveth." But despite the master's teaching and example, it seemed that the disciples would not learn, and now, in the closing days of His ministry, He determined" to give them one, perhaps unforgettaoie and adequately impressive, lesson by an act of complete humility and lowly service. Fool-washing was a prevalent and very necessary custom in that ancient land and time. We are so familiar with many devices that- make our environment more pleasant and life more livable that we I ire not apt to realize how great | were the normal discomforts due .0 dust and dirt centuries before the advent of sprinkling wagons and oiled roads. In that dry eastern climate, with its scarcity" of water, and thi .venring of sandals, one can jma;;- ne the condition in which a guest, would arrive at a home' where he vas to be entertained. So. foot-washing on arrival became a gracious and needful cotu-- :esy. And when a Pharisee who nvited Jesus to his home complained because of the woman who washed the Master's feet with her ears, Jesus reminded him that he lad neglected that courtesy, lail- ng to offer Him water to wash His :cet. The disciples, therefore, were veil acquainted with the custom, nib i in *ltheir high-toned notions of greatness and eagerness to be) ""rst they would have scorned tO| jerform such a service for one another. Imagine the greatness ol heir surprise when they saw their vlaster girding Himself with a owel, ap.d doing that very thing! Was the lesson effective, .and did t stisk? The answer is in the lat- r lives of these disciples, typified >y the beloved 1 disciple, John, whose imbition to be first had nil melted .way in a new vision and cxper- ence, "We know that we have passed fiom death unto life, be- :iu. c .e we love the brethren." Souls, is well as feet, were washed in .hat upper room. 15 Years Ago In Blythevillc — H. T. Gulp, commercial agent of the cotton Belt railroad, will head an organization to be formed in IBlytheville to carry out the program of President Hoover's nationwide citizens Reconstruction Organization. ' Dr. Paul L. Tipton has opened in office in the Ingram Building and will do general medical practice and surgery. Miss Althea Edwards, recording secretary of the B & p w Club talked to members of the Lions Club today, in her talk she stressed citizenship of women. Normally, it would take about 25 days for the Supreme Court's mandate to reach Golds-borough. In view of the strike call still outstanding, however, the government was preparing to ask the high court to expedite the case to remove the possibility of a mine walkout April 1. Triumph for Truman The court's ruling was a major triumph for President Truman, who made the decision to battle Ixswis and was generally welcomed in Congress. Many legislators, ho-v- evei-, felt it would haTO no effect on present plans for new strike-control laws. Labor leaders were sorc-ly illsaa- poinlcd by the ruling. But they found some comfort in (he court's decision to limit the government's use of anti-strike injunctions to situations in which the government has employer status. In this respect, the decision was significant interpretation of the government's status under the Norris-LaGnardia anti-injunction act. The court's decision was expected to force Lewis to extend his contract with the government until June 30 at least, if the government remains in possession of the mines that long. Federal authority to operate the mines expires on that date. If the coal dispute remains dead"-' locked dangerously close to June 30 it is entirely possible that Congress will consider exteudint; the government's operating authority to prevent a strike. The court stated emphatically that Lewis must take no steps to terminate his contract with the government "until final determination of the basic issues arising under said agreement." And the most basic issue still before the lower court is whether the contract gives Lewis the right to terminate it at will He claims it does. Lewis ana the government agreed to make no court move over the contract termination dispute until March 17. And the possibility of lengthy litigation inrludiii"- a possible UMW motion for a re-hcarin<r could well prolong a final decision on that basic question until Jnne 30 or later. In view of such a possible delay the government is considering stens for getting Lewis and the operators back into negotiations for a private contract in advance of June 30 An invitation from Secretary 'of Interior J. A. Krug to botli sides to resume negotiations may be withheld, however, until Lewis withdraws his threat of a strike on John D. Battle, executive secretary of the National Coal Association, said that under the court ruling "those who are charged with the responsibility of contracts should have ample time to work out reasonable agreements based on the competition and economics existin" in the various areas." French Author HORIZONTAL 1,6 Pictured French novelist 13 Comes up 15 Dance 1C Prohibits 17 Heroic lil Queen of gods 20 United 21 Went by sea 23 Color 24P.i!m !i!y 25 Diminutive suffix 2G Article 23 Id csl (ah.) 29 Philippine island 35 Shapes 33 Constellation 34 Pastry 35 Ha is ono of France's " immortals" 37 Debar ' 40 Higher •11 Pronoun •12 Ancnt \ 43 Negative •U Sesame 46 Persian coins 51 Uncooked 52 Integral part 54 Moon goddess ?5 Attendant Sfi Remainder !i8 Needier 150 Respects 51 Prophets VERTICAL 1 Frills 2 Astronomy muse 3 Row 4 Worm 5 Compass point G Disturb 7One time 8 Myself 9 Tree 10 Brain passage ] 1 Sea nymph 12 Shovels 14 Ocean 18 Mixed (yp» 21 Wandered 22 Checks 25 Soil 27 Clamor 30 Damage 32 Permit 35 Hereafter 30 Thinks 38 Wild ass 39 Abilities 45 Roster 47 Astringent 4f) Rcgreis 4D Preposition 50 Headgear M Unusual S3 Fasten 55 American writer '570t 50 Pone 10 it fi.