The Aegis & Intelligencer from Bel Air, Maryland on July 15, 1864 · 2
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The Aegis & Intelligencer from Bel Air, Maryland · 2

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Bel Air, Maryland
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Friday, July 15, 1864
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&GIS & INTELLIGENCER. A. W. BATEMAN, Editor. ; B Eli AIB, MD., Friday, July 15, IStJ4. ha* a more extended cficulation anioog iho intelligent farmer* nnd btiaioeM men i Hartdrd. thm mi y oilier j*nper m Hie couiny- No w Loch Hot-pKaP* nr otlifttrtwccne or 44 tlacmeiiia will appear in our column* at any price. A large number pi •ur / autMCriltara pay tor tiicir p iper iu nd trance, add coniequrnUy aro Jum the elo udvenlbOru de cirtfio rtnclf. The attention of respectable and legitimate advertiser* ia diiected to the above faoU. To Corretpondeats. .i - . ■ AH rommenleatlon* for publication must be semm punted with the teal name of the author, or no mten uon will lie paid to them. The reel mime of (he aoiho will not be published unless desired, but Vo cannot consent to insert ©•mtmimcaUous uniesewe know (be writer. fr"’^W '■ CgggSg WAR NEWS. On Saturday morning the Confederates ad- Tancrd upon the Federal troops at Monooacy Junction, v hen a bottle commenced, which is said to have lasted until live o’clock in the afternoon, when, says the official despatch, "our forces were overpowered by the superior numbers of the enemy, and were compelled to retreat in disorder.” Quite a number of prisoners ftll into the hands of the Confederates, among them Brig. Gen. Tyler, commanding the Maryland troops at Monocacy. Gen. Wallace, who was chief in command, reports the loss as severe. Beside the losses of (he troops especially belonging to this military department, Bickctl's division of Warren's corps, which had been sent from tire Army ot the Potomac and participated in the battle, is said to have lost heavily. At a late hour on Sunday evening, what the Baltimore American called "the remnant of Gen. Wallace's forces,” reached the city of Baltimore. The excitement, says the Gazelle of Monday, Is intense—the despatch of the Secretary of War addressed to General Dix, which reached the city about one o’clock yesterday morning, announcing a disaster to Gen. Wallace, and that he was repeating to Baltimore, caused considerable excitement and uneasiness. The bells in various parts of the city were rung, and soon a great many citizens were aroused, and the work of organizing the Union leagues and Union citizens into companies commented, yearly all the able bodied horses in the city were seized by order of the military authorities during Saturday and Sunday, and to such an extent was this carried, that several funerals, w hich were to have taken place on Sunday, had to he postponed until Monday. All negroes who were able to work, wbocould b# found, were on Sunday enrolled at the various station bouses nnd ordered to report themselves on Monday morning, to work on the fortifications. The Baltimore Gazette of the 11th says that a considerable number of the members of the State Constitutional Convention were in the city on Sunday, the 101 b, nnd were iu quite a quandary as to what course they would pursue, with regard to the Convention, in view of the threatening aspect of affairs. Some were anxious to go to Philadelphia, while others insisted that It was the duty of every member to go to Annapolis, and meet in pursuance of adjournment, and then adjourn over for a lime, and take a boat and leave the city. THE INVASION. Great excitement was caused in our neighborhood on Sunday afternoon last, by a report that the Confederates were ot Cockeysv-ille, in Baltimore county, and later in ihe evening they were reported to heat Towsontown, and marching in the direction of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore railroad. These reports seemed to be verified by the largo number of horses which were being taken northward out of their reach. We are informed that on Monday morning, a force numbering about 150 men, said to be commanded by Major Harry Gilmor, made their appearance at Dampraan’s Hotel, on the Harford Turnpike, about eight miles from this place.— While in (his neighborhood a party of them went to the house of Mr. Tshmael Hay, for the purpose of taking down a flag, nnd it is said that one of them, a man named Fields, was shot nnd severely wounded by Mr. Day. Upon hearing tbit, the officer in command gave orders (or Ihe destruction of Mr. Day’s property, and bis house and barn were accordingly burned. After leaving the turnpike, they proceeded to Magnolia, where, we learn, they captured and burned three trains of cars, did some injury to the. railroad and telegraph, and burned the warehouse. They also set fire to Gunpowder bridge and a portion of it was destroyed. On one of the trains we understand they captured Major General Franklin, together w ith some other officers. The General was in citizen's dress, and is said to have been -pointed out by a lady. The oniy other depredation committed by them was (be capture of a horse and carriage from Mr. George W. Hall. They left Magnolia during Monday afternoon, having been occupied some five or six hours in their work of destruction. Tbs Reported Fight in Bei, Air.—The great cavalry fight in Be! Air, reported by the Phila- 1 delphia Inquirer of the 13th—a paper romarkabio for sensation reports—did not take place.— A Confederate or two occasionally rode into town, but they interfered with no one, nor were they themselves interfered with. Our neighbors Of the cily press ate a good deal given to sensation reports, and we arc not surprised, just at this time, when printing paper is 18 cents a pound, that our neighbors of the Inquirer should even gel up an expedient to sell their paper, at \ the expense of out quiet village. F truck by Lightning.—The dwelling of Mr. Frauds Way, living near Haiti's Mill, in Ihe upper part of this county, was struck by lightning during the storm on Thursday week, and considerably damaged. Several of the piazza posts were much shattered, and the building otherwise injured, but no damage was done the inmates, though some of the family, we are told, narrowly escaped. Severe Accident.—On Friday lust Mr. Richard Herbert, living with William Oldfield, 3sq., who resides on the road between this place and (’hnrclivillo, was severely kicked by the horse attached to a rak'e, and his leg badly broken just below the knee. Dr. R. D. Lee was called to attend him, and we learn this morning that bis condition is as favorable as could be expected under the circumstances* Official Reports of the Engagement Between the Kearsage and Alabama. I The foreign mails by bring additional particulars of the destruction of the Alabama, including Captain Seromes’ report of the fight, communicated to the London Timet by the Confederate agent Mason as follows : LETTER FROM JOHN M. MASON. To the Editor of the Tinea : Sir : I send herewith a copy of the official report of Capt. Semmes of his late engagement with the United States ship Kearsage, which you may, perhaps, think worthy u place in your columns. I avail myself of the occasion to note one or two inaccuracies of Ihe letter of your correspondent, dated at Southampton on Monday and published in the Times of Tuesday The crew of the Alabama ia there stated at one hundred and fifty men. Shu Lad, in fact, but oue hundred and twenty, all told. Again, as to her armament; that of the Kearsage may be correctly given by your correspondent. I do not know what it was. Thu Alabama had one 7-inch Blakely rifled gun, one 8 inch smooth, bore pivot gun, and six 32 pouuders, smooth-bore, in broadside. I am, sir, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, J. M. Mason. 24 Upper Seymour street, June 22. CAPTAIN SEMMES’ REPORT. “Southampton, June 21,1864 “Sir: I have the honor to inform yon that, in accordance with my intention, as previously announced to you, I steamed out of the harbor of Cherbourg between nine and ten o'clock on the morning of the 19th of June, for the purpose of engaging the enemy’s steamer Kearsage, which had beeh lying off and on the port for several days previously. After clearing the harbor we descried the enemy with bis head off shore, at a distance of about 7 miles. We were three quarters of an hour in coming up with bitn. I had previously pivoted my guns to starboard, and made all my preparations for engaging the enemy on that side. When within about a mile and a quarter of the enemy ha suddenly wheeled, and bringing bis beau in shore, presented his starboard battery to me. By this time we were distant about oue mile from each other, when I opened ou tiim with solid shot, to which he replied in a few minutes, and the engagement became active on both sides. “The enemy now pressed under a full head of steam, and to prevent our passing each other too speedily, and to keep our respective broadsides bearing, it became necssary to fight iu a circle, the two ships steaming around a common ccutre, and preserving a range from each other of'from a quarter to a half a mile. When we got within good shell range we opened upt u him with shell. Some ton or fifteen minutes after the commencement of the action our spanker gaff was shot away, and our ensign came down by the tun. This was immediately replaced by another at the mizzenmast head. The firing now became very hot, and the enemy’s shot and shell soon began to tell upon our bull, knocking down, killing and disabling a number of men in different parts of the ship. “Perceiving that our shell, though apparently exploding against the enemy’s sides, were doing him but little damage, I returned to solid shot firing, and from that time onward alternated (?) with shot and shell. “After the lapse of about an hour and ten minutes our ship was ascertained to be in a sinking condition, the enemy’s shells having exploded in our sides and between decks, opening large apertures, through which the water rushed with great tepidity“ “ For some few minutes I had hopes of being able to reach the French coast, for which purpose I gave the ship all steam, and set such of the fore and aft sails as were available. The ship filled so rapidly, however, that before we had made much progress the fires were extinguished in the furnaces, and we were evidently on the point of sinking. I now hauled down my colors, to prevent the further .destruction of life, amf despatched a boat to inform the enemy of our condition. “Although we were now but four hundred yards from each ether, the enemy fired upon me five times after my colors had boen struck. It is charitable to suppose that a ship of war of a Christian nation could not have done (his intentionally“We “We now turned all our exertions towards saving the wounded and such of the boys of the ship who were unable to swim. These were deposited in my quarter-boats, the only boats remaining to me, the waist boats having been torn to pieces. “Some twenty minutes after my furnace Gres bad been extinguished, aud the ship being on the point of settling, every man, in obedience to a previous order which had been given the crew, jumped overboard and endeavored to save himself. “There was no appearance of any boat coming to me from the enemy alter my ship went down. Fortunately, however, the steam yacht Deerhound, owned by u gentleman of Lancashire, England, Mr. John Lancaster, who was himself on board, steamed up iu the midst of my drowning men and rescued a number of both officers aud men from the water. I was fortunate enough myself thus to escape to the shelter of the neutral flag, together with about forty others, all told. “About this time the Kearsage sent one, and then, tardily, another boat. “Accompanying you will find lists of the killed and wounded, and of those who were pinked up by the Deerhound j the remainder, there is reason to hope, wars picked up by the enemy and by a couple of French pilot boats, which were also fortunately near the scene of action. “At the end of the engagement it was discovered by those of our officers who went alongside the enemy’s ship with the wounded that her midship section on both sides Was throughly iroucoated ; this having been done wiUi outdo constructed for the purpose, plsced je peodiouUrly from I the rail to the water’s edge, the whole i | covered over by a thin outer planking. ! j which gave no indication of the armor be- I neafh. “This planking hid been ripped off in every direction by our shot and shell, the chain broken and indented in many pla cos, and forced partly into the ship’s side. She was most effectually guarded, however, in this section, from penetration.— The enemy was much damaged in other parts, but to what extent it is now impossible to tellj it is believed ho was badK crippled. “My officers and men behaved steadily and gallantly, and though they have lost their ship they have not lost honor. “Where all behaved so well it woo'd be invidious to particularise, but I cannot deny myself the pleasure of saying that Mr. Kell, my first lieutenant, deserves great credit for the fine condition in which the ship went into action with regard b> her battery, magazine, and shell room 1 , and that he rendered me great assistance by his coolness and judgment as the fight proceeded. “The enemy was heavier than myself, I both in ship, battery and crew ; but I did I not know until the action was over that ! she was iron clad. * “Our total loss in killed‘and wounded iis thirty—to wit, nine killed, twenty-one wounded. “I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, “R. Semmes, Captain.” From the Lancaster Intelligencer, Rebuke to Some of the Clergy. Under the head of “Dead Faith and an Apostate Church,” the Presbyterian deals some terrible blows at the head of that portion of the clergymen of the United States who have forgotton the gospel and turned their pulpits into political rostrums Some of them have become such ardent j politicians that they sot themselves as oracles, and none dare dispute thoir dictation. It is a fitting rebuke for such men as Yankee Goodwin,' of f o University of Pennsylvania, who endeavored to turn the recent Convention of the Episcopal Church at Pittsburg into an Abolition meeting.— The Presbyterian says: “We fondly thought that, poised upon the truth, animated by the grace, and obliged by the commands of her glorious Head, the Church w uld have proved a bulwark against the rushing tide of. evil. Wo thought she would be an oasis in the desert, where weary travellers might refresh themselves ] we thought she would bo an island in the stormy sea, where ship wrecked mariners might find safety and shelter. We did not expect to Lear in her solemn Assemblies the voice of human , anger, much less of satanic malice. We believed that in the hour of civil commotion, when States were sundered and armies met in the shock of battle, she would , lift up holy hands without wrath and doubting, and implore her Master to drop from Htaven the olive branch of peace; that she would gather her sons and daughters about her and say to them, “My children, love one another;” that she would lay one hand upon Ephraim and the other upon Manassah, and bless them both.— We need not say how sadly we have been disappointed. In spite of her boasted conservatism and fidelity to principle, tills once venerated body, at one bound, broke every bond of truth and charity, in effect , renounced her allegiance to her great : Head, and allied herself with his arch-enemy. She has turned aside from her Mas- ■ tcr's work, and through her highest courts, and through hundreds of her pulpits, is , engaged in propagating political ideas and in sounding tha dread tocsin of war ; her . siv'cinctsohoolsof the prophets—where linger the memories and repose the ashes of illustrious dead—have been perverted to the advocacy of a cruel war, and of a godless and inhuman Abolitionism. Her most widely circulated newspaper, that used to howl so frantically whenever an Episcopalian was appointed to a chaplaincy in the army or navy, is now the whining slave of the power that lords it over God’s heritage, and is rejected in disgust by Chris- i tian and oven loyal men, on the ground \ that it is no longer a religious paper.— . Her oldest quarterly Review now receives its inspiration from disappointed military commanders, who failiflg of success in the field, have become the “communicating i intelligence” of absurd politics and impracticable campaigns. Her clergy in i many instances vie with each other, not in i fidelity to God and the soul of men, but in devotion to party and in zeal for the car- i uage of battle. Amid this furious babble of politics and i war, we look in vain for the Magna Charta i of the Annunciation, “Glory to God in i the highest; Ou earth peace, good will to t men.’’ It is appalling to see the Church i of God spue from her rnouTh the Gospel of i peace, and bawl herself hoarse in stimula- i ting the ferocious passions of men, and in ( canonizing the red-handed fiend of the bat- i tie-field. Where is her former hatred of j Abolitionism, now that she is causing her i 1 own children to pass through the fire of i ; Moloch, and is gloating over the prospect i of servile insurrection ? What shall we ; say of the distinguished clergymen, who so loudly applauded Mr. Van Dyke's sermon on that subject, and who nuw lift up their bunds and roll their eyes in pious horror at the sin of slavery ? Shall we say us toe world says .of them, that they i j have either been practising a gross deception all thoir lives, or are now basely yield ing to unmanly fear? Shall we adopt the humiliating charge so freely made, that as a body, tha clergy of this country have been less reliable, more unwilling to saorifice their position to principle, more | shuffling and cowardly, and blood-thirsty, thau any other class of met) in it ? Shall wo repeat the sneer, that rather than give up their places and their salaries, they will preach and pray under the dictation of a turbulent faction iu their churches ; or the bitter taunt of the soldier, who on being reproved by one of them for swearing, replied : “I will not be rebuked by ! you, sir 1 I have exposed my life for three ' I ye.iici in this war, and but for preachers I j there would have been no war !” Ws dej sire to hi ing no railing acensa f ions. neither to judge any man, hat by tue r fruits yc shall know them, and the fruit of all their libors is tuat they, the Church, and religiou itself, are brought into contempt among men. The Lord Jesus seems to have averted His face, and the spirit of Grace to have departed from the scene of strife and fanaticism, and bound in the toils of the devil, and exposed to the bootings of the world, nuthiog is left to us but a ‘ Dead Faith” and an “Apostate Church.” From the Frederick Union, July'lth. Exciting Times in Frederick. Sun lay, the 3d of July, was un exciting day in Frederick. At un early hour information reached the military authorities that the Rebels, in strung numbers, had made their appearance iu the vicinity of Martinsburg, Va., and that after severe figbtiog at Leetown and Martinsburg, the Federal forces under Gen. Sigel, were outflanked by vastly superior numbers and rapidly falling back. Immediately upon the receipt of this intelligence orders wore issue! to pack up t ie cunniis ary store* at this post, and a large numbered" nn-n, white and black, were pressed into service and succeeded in placing all the stores in safety on tha railroad cars by about diyight ou the morning of the 4th. On the evening of the 3d, some four or five hundred of the One Hundred Day’s men from Ohio arrived from Harper’s Ferry, who confirmed previous reports, aud stated that Martinsburg bad falleu into the hands of the Rebels. A large number of refugees from that section made their appearance in our midst, at the same time. About 11 o’clock, A. M., a despatch from Gen. Max. Webber, at Harper’s Ferry, was received by the Provost Marshal at this place, stating that the Union forces were retiring, and it was believed that the Rebels wore moving in the direction of Williamsport. At 12, M., orders were issued for the removal of the sick and wounded from the Hospital iu this place. About this time reports were current that, the Rebels were crossing the Potomac river at Noland a Ferry and tha j Point of Rocks, that the latter place had j been destroyed by them, that the United States mail train which left this place at 10 o'clock f.,r Harper’s Ferry, had been fired into, and that the Rebels would probably pay us a visit before the next morning. From this hour all was bustlo and excitement. Apprehending a longer stay of the Rebels than would be agreeable, and fearing a scarcity of provisions and consequent high prices, flour and grocery merchants wore kept quite busy during the remainder of the day by our citizens, and the demand for Lam, bacon, fish, fiour, salt, sugar, tea, molasses, &0., was quite brisk. Squads of men, with their horses and wagons, some accompanied by their women and children and servants, could be seen passing through our streets at almost any moment, fleeing to a more secure place. On the evening of the 4th it was stated i that Col. W. P. Maulsby, of the Ist Regi- 1 incut of P. B. Volunteers, had been fighting the enemy at Sliephcrdstown, and later intelligence reported that all the Union forces were in possession of Maryland Heights, which would be held until reinforcements could arrive. Ou the morning of the sth un ambulance train containing about thirty Union soldiers who were wounded at Leetown, arrived and enured the Hospital. An immense train of wa- I gons also made their appearance about, the same time, and all day long mounted and j unmounted soldiers came straggling into and through our city. The passenger train of ears from Baltimore, due on Monday evening at 8 o’clock, did not arrive until 6 o'clock on Tuesday morning. The mail train came through from Sandy Hook to this place on Tuesday evening and the trains between this place and Baltimore ate still running. On Tuesday evening a report was cur- j rent that the Rebel forco, estimated at 1 from thirty to forty thousand, was crossing Maryland, near Boonsboro’, sixteen < allies distant from this place, en route for • Pennsylvania, and that R bol pickets had j been seen near Boonsboro’. The same < evening a gentleman residing at Keedys- j ville, near Antietam battle-ground, arriv- j ed with his cattle and horses, and that the Rebels were in jlv't vicinity in large num- • and seiz ng all the horses and cattle on their track. A fight was reported the same day with the Rebels, some locating it above Jaff rson and others above Middletown in this country. Heavy cannon- ‘ ading was beard here dining the day. , About 5 o’clock on Tuesday afternoon ! the large Federal wagon train which arrived here on the previous night an d morning, started Ncr hwardly whither it bad been ordeied. On Wednesday morning, the 6tb instant, a report was in circulation that about thirty Rebel cavalry were seen on the previous evening at Harm's four miles west of this city, but that they soon retired again. Col. Bndl y T. Johnson, (our former partner) it is said commun is the Rebel o ivalrj. A skirmish between Union and Rebel soldiers took place yesterday morning nearing Middletown, in which Adgt. Horner, of Co). Cole’s Cavalry was captured and one of Cole’s men Was wounded. From the. New York Mercury (Rep ) The Surprise Convection. The conventions have been hard at wo"k j nominating, from momentary, enthusiasm 1 aud impulsive admiration, certain gentlemen worthy aud unworthy. Spontatic- J oua acclamation, sudden, instantaneous, and uupreconceivcd ncion have characterized the nominations. 3’here is no doubt about these things ! Coming together from distant portions of the country, bent only upon discharging the important trusts devolving upon them, tha delegates have done, with eminent wisdom and marvelous executive ability, exactly what they were told to do some six or eight months ag > Not for one moment did Mr. Lincoln dream of his nomination. Calmly intrenched in the cuituinud silence uf the While House, he felt no premonition of : the turbulent enthusiasm with which the | Baltimore Convention would hail his name. Perhaps he bad no knowledge of the Baltimore Convea’i >n. If ho hid,•perhaps he i icidcntally snrnii cH ths f it might nominate some worthy citizen of Peoria, ] or some obscure but respectable man, suddenly extruded, by universal acclaim, from the stagnant regions of New Jersey.— f Certainly, he never dreamed of renomiuation. Indued, be was the last to apprehend it after it had become a fait acctm- ’ P'“ . ‘ Innocence like this is marvelous. Po- * litieians like Mr. Lincoln arc rare. It is 1 refreshing to dwell upon such a quality— ' one that was supposed to have perished with the end of the Golden Ago of the Immaculate. We trust that Mr. Lincolu ' actually cherishes no doubt of his renoini- 1 nation. It may have sounded to him ' gmmwoat like a vapid rumor, coming, ns I it did, so unexpected. If we trust erroneously, let him disabuse himself at once ' of the doubt. Honestly, we believe that 1 there is no rational ground for its iodul- 1 gence. The grave simplicity which veteran po- 1 litieians affect about the time that uomi- 1 Dating conventions assemble, is remarks ble 4 Sodden developments of modesty 1 occur, dlffidenoj ensues, and the odor of self sacrificing sanctity is evolved. Ap- [ parent!y unconscious of the fact that they are to bj nominated by delegates whom 1 ttiey have attached to themselves by unworthy blandishments and proffers of fu- 1 lure emolument; seeming to ignore the ! possibility that the conventions which they have created may do what they have been 1 sent to do, and vote ns they have been Btt)t to vote; these, delightful specimens of innocence would have the pc..r, foolish old Publi: b dieve that they were in nowise cognizant of the honors proposed for them, until the nevspaptis an 1 committee-letters conveyed to (hem a literal notification. 1 All such assumptions arc superfluous. I The science of wire-pulling is too thor- 1 oughly understood by the people at largo, 1 to admit uf a successful practice of this 1 confidence-game upon them. Toey hold the pietty farce in its proper estimation ; I knowing that the spontaneity with which 1 some nominations arc made, was drafted 1 i out long before by the nominee himself, contracted lor, and paid for They know that those political enthusiasms, these ' nominations by acclaim, these sudden im- I pulsivc movements, which are referred to 1 warm admiration, patriotic reverence, aud ' an appeciatjou of the best interests of the country, are only the results of uumauly intrigues, of dust-eating, of irredeemable 1 promises, and midnight plottings. When Mr Lincoln was ncommended < for renomioatiun by the various legisla- < tores, there was a vast display of this spe- 1 cies of enthusiasm. Pew were deceived i by it, however. S ;ch pyrotechnics are harmless in most cases; and are only to be censured because uf their insignificance and futility. The Fight on Wednesday. The Philadelphia Inquirer, in speaking t |of the contest on Wednesday, between the ] 1 Federal and Confederate forces, near Frederick, says : The Rebels, evidently reinforced, followed up their advantage by pursuing close up to our retiring column. In the ' meantime Gen Wallace hurried up rein- ! foroements under Gen. Tyler, with bis chief of staff, Lieut. Col. Lynd Gatlin.— - The rebel force was about 1200 in num- J ber, commanded by General Bradley T. : Johnson, and composed of cavalry and ; infantry, with two pieces of artillery. Johnson, after forcing us back in the ' morning, succeeded in eluding our forces 1 at Catoctin Pass, and by 3 o’clock in the ‘ afternoon was rapidly approaching Fred- , erick.' , Some mile and a half beyond the city he- was mo by Col. Gilpin, and a brisk * engagem-nt immediately ensued, Colonel | Gilpin forming his line of battle on an eli- ’ I gible ground. Under cover of the fire of ’ | their three pieces they advanced to the , 1 charge, but notwithstanding the troops of ( Gilpin Wi r • mostly raw, they met the on- ] ; set without flinching, and drove the rebels ! • back. Reforming their line they again ’ . advanced to charge, but our boys, with a , ; constancy worthy of veterans, hurled them , | back. Not yet satisfied, Johnson essayed , i it once more, but meeting the same fate, i 1 he desisted from any further attempts, ■ an 1 contented himself with a brief skirmish fight i n il night, in which we were still his mat- h oie noticeable feature of the contest was that the rebels, during the afternoon, threw many shells into the city of Fred- , i eriok, where were numbers of women and - i children. Several of the missiles fell near our hospital. Our losses were about fifty, ’ mostly slightly wounded. Tito rebel loss is not known, but is supposed to be heavy This morning at daylight it was discovered that Johnson had retired towards Middletown. aud our forces started in pursuit and overtook him near Catoctin Pass, when Wief skirmishiog ensued, but I only ; know at this moment that the enemy is | apparently falling back. Our troops iu | that direction received such rein orcemeats this morning as will render the! | situation permanently secure, THE MYSTERY OF THIS RAID. ! Probably no event of the war has been | | so well shrouded from the popular gaze as j 1 this raid. It was known, certainly, that | J a portion or all of Gen. Ewell’s corps had j j left Grant’s front, for the purpose of de-1 j motishiug Hunter, but even while the j I country was singing hosannas over Hun-! | ter’s escape into Western Virginia, and i ; supposing, of course, that the rebel force , ; was slinking back, foiled and disheartened, to Richmond, without any premonition, whatever, Early suddenly appeared, on Sunday morning, before Martinsburg, his cavalry attacking Col. Mulligan at | Leetown II *w Early managed to creep up toe Valley withjut Sigel obtaining un intimation of his presence, is one of those things not explainable. The Boston Daily Adeertiser, in •illusion to ti e debate upon the income lax bill in the I’n ted States Senate on Sunday morning, ays; “Mr. Chandler repeatedly-declared, with drunken emphasis, thst no action "should be had before | j Monday, if hi could hold out s long a* i i the majority.” Wonder how he srte lon ! the whisky tax ? ; PROCLAMATION BY THE GOVERNOR AND MAYOR. The following proclamation was issued on Saturday night: Citizens of Baltimore :—We hare been unwilling to create an unnecessary alarm or agitation iu this community, by any appeal for your immedia e assistance in resisting tho threatened invasion, that might be deemed premature; but we have no longer such uo apprehension, and feel no hesitation in declaring that in our opinion the danger which now threaten* the city is imminent, and if you Would avert it, every loyal man must at ones prepare to meet it. The invading enemy is bv the lost accounts approaching the city. Men, all the men that can be raised, are wanted, to occupy the fortifications already com* pi ted, and to prepare others. It is not important how you should come, but moat important at you should come at once. Come in your Leagues, or come in your militia companies, but come quickly. Brigadier General Lockwood has volun* teered to take charge of all the civil force* thus raised, and has been assigned to tho command. The Loyal men of every ward will assemble at their usual places of ward meetings, and will report forthwith to General Lockwood, at bis headquarters, 34 North street. A. W. Bradford, Governor of Maryland. John Lse Chapman, Mayor. Baltimore, July 9, 1864. 0- A Kentucky paper boasts that a cojnty in that State has grown the largest specimen of an ass ever produced in the United Stales, and to prove it, gives the enormous measure from car*, to tail. But, with all deference to oyr cotemporary, we think that Sangamon County, Illinois, has furnished the United States a bigger ass than even this enormous Kentucky specimen. “Heroins”—is perhaps as peculiar a word a? any in our language, the two first letters of it are male, the three first female, the four first a brave man, and the whole word a brave woman. colored graduate was one of the recent recipients of degrees at the New England Female Medical Colleges in Doeton—doubtless the first instance of a graduated female physician of the African race. On Tuesday, June 21st, at the parsonage, by the Rev. William Finney, WILLIAM GREENLAND to ANNE F., fifth daughter of the late George W. Cullum, Esq., all of Harford Co. On Tuesday morning, June 21st, at the par. sonage, by the Rev. Alex. E. Gibson, ROBERT B. ARMIGER, of Baltimore citr, to HARRIET E. CHESNEY, of Harford county. DXE^7 On Thursday, June 7th, at his late residence in this county, THOMAS HOWARD. FRENCH BREAKFAST AND DINNER COFFEE. OWING to the very high price of Coffee, and the, great difficulty in procuring a good, uniform and reliable article, our customers have often expressed a wish that they could be supplied from first bands. It was the intention of the GREAT AMERICAN TEA COMPANY to do a strictly Ten business, but as we have had some customers living at a distance that have relied upon us to supply them exclusively with Tea and Coffee, it being inconvenient for them to come to New York, the great Tea and Coffee Emporium of this country—and as our Tea Taster was possessed ot information relating to •' Coffee that could be furnished at a moderate price, and give universal satisfaction, and at the same time afford the retailer a handsome profit —we have been compelled to supply those parties. THIS COFFEE HAS BECOME SO POPULAR with our customers and their sales have increas- _ ed to such an extent that we have been compelled to make large additions to our machinery, which will enable us to supply a few more customer* with it. We will therefore send it to those who may order. IX IS FAST SUPERSEDING ALL OTHER COFFEES. This Coffee has been used for wire than a century in Paris, and since its introduction into this country it has been in use by some of the leading French Restaurants here. The Parisians are said to be the best judges of coffee ; and the great favor in which it is held by them is the best recommendation that can be produced for its fins flavor and healthy effects upon the bupusn system. We put up but one grade of this Coffee, and that is of a quality that onr customers I'”--, found from experience will give perfect ■ 11-N - tion and meet all tbs demands of their tradw. it is the lowest price that we can recommend. We do all onr business on the most extensive : scale, buy by the cargo and sell by the pound at ■ only two cents per pound profit. We put up this Coffee in Barrels only, of 125 { Pounds each. This method of putting it up ; saves from two to five cents per pound to the ] consumer, and by its being in a large quantity I It retains its tine flavor much longer in this form I than in any other. We send with each barrel I Show Cards, Circulars and Posters, io assist the j dealer to introduce it to his customers. We hop* ! our customers will lake pains to have them well j posted up uud distributed, as it will bo to their | advantage to do so. This Coffee we warrant to give perfect sutiafuo- I Ijon, and if it dors not please, the purchaser ha* | the privilege of returning the .whole or any part j of it within 60 days, and having bis money rti funded, together with all the expenses of trans! porlation both ways. I We issue a Price Circqlar of our Tkas and i Coffees, which we are glad to send free to alt | who wish it. Consumers of Coffee should enquire for the I FRENCH BREAKFAST AND DINNER COFFEE, 1 and be sure that it was purchased of the GREAT AMERICAN TEA COMPANY, Importers and Jobbers, 33 A 37 VESEY STREET, NEW YORK. ju!s-3ns FOR SALE. A THRASHING MACHINE, all coni; plete, for 850; a two-Hoiae Entiles* Citain Power, with Thrasher, Cloverseed Cleaner, Straw Carrier, Belting, &c., all 1 complete. Apply to J. W. SHRECK, Edgetroorf, Harford county, Md. ; iuß 3i“

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