Open Am War on TQT mJ2D'- '' That fresh air 1b the best kind of medicine for almost every kind of disease which in any way affects the respiratory organs is coming more ami more to he realized. Years ago persons suffering from bronchitis, pneumonia and kindred ailments were guarded with the most zealous care Jest the least whiff of fresh, cool air Bhould strike them or even enter the room where the patient was confined. And to the common mind even to-day pneumonia 1s associated with warm rooms protected from every draught, with vffoits to keep the temperature equable. But such methods no longer receive the indorsement of the professional men whose business it is to keep pace with the latest developments of medical and surgical science. It is no longer the close room where the pneumonia patient is kept sheltered but in the apartment where the greatest amount of fresh air can be secured. Perhaps the Presbyterian hospital of New York has taken the most advanced steps in respect to this open air treatment for pneumonia, and a visit to their roof ward would come as a shock and a revelation to many who still hold to the old method of treatment. There on that high, exposed place, with only canvas awnings to shelter from snow or rafn are to be seen a score or more of patients on Iron bedsteads, their pallid faces upturned to the winter sky, their breath frosted by the keen wind, and the falling light of the bleak winter day giving an aspect of utter dreariness to the wind swept space. ‘ These,” said the doctor in attendance, with a comprehensive sweep of arm over the still, white faces, “are our pneumonia patients. We have now about 45 In all. Here is where we bring them to combat the disease. See this one —high fever, delirious when brought in, now resting comparatively easy—asleep, as yon may see. This other, a child four years old here, put your arms under the cover—there, now. keep still and go to sleep. Afraid of the dark? It won’t hurt you. Go to sleep now. You'll wake up feeling all right.” Yet here were pneumonia patients, many of tender years, exposed to every winter blast that blow; no roof ov< bead, only an awning that could be slid over rods in case of rain or fleet or snow. It, seemed barbaric. The doctor said that it was only revolutionary Here is Pr. William P. Northrup of the visiting staff of the Presbyterian hospital, and it was due to his strong faith in this radical idea, and to his insistence in the virtues of the open air treatment for all suffering from pneumonia and acute Infectious diseases, such as typhlod, scarlet fever, diphtheria, etc,, that this open air ward was established on the root of the hospital. “In one sense It is an experiment,” Ur Northrup said, "and in another It is not. I have employed the treatment In private practice and have been more than satisfied with the result It is an experiment only in the .ense that this is the first time It is Icing tried out in a hospital and on a large scab 1 . It was only at the beginning of ibis winter that the ward was made read'.' for the reception of pneumonia patients. That is the only type of di-iase that we are treating in it now. ‘ The result has been satisfactory. It fas been conclusively shown that no 1 arm has followed the sending ( f tho patients directly info the open air. and conspicuous benefits have been noted The patients are less nervous, their sleep is better, and this conserves their strength; they are abl to take int, and ■ nee past the crisis their recovery is lucre rapid. ® ' U is not claimed that the open sir treatment kills bacteria. It is not even sure that it shortens the period of th" ilieasp But it is sure that B enables tie; patient to hear tip against th- p<. n, helps him thr ,w j: i ff, r ,. n . d'-r - t o athlr.g less dlffic tip induces restful rU■ p. Increases appetite, aids th ■ a.- -.’l.ilation of food--in sho:t. cent .bums ;n every way to his betterment •:.(! harms him In r way at all ’ f th e yia : v... the res fDr Norihran's recommendations and the munificence of Mrs. W. K. Vanderbilt, who bore lie expenses of the undertaking, and who has shown much interest in the experiment, being a frequent visitor to the institution. What led to the adoption of tho open-air ward was the successful outcome of an experiment which directly preceded the permanent installation of tho ward. "A portion of the roof.” Dr Northnip explained, “was extemporized Into a roof garden for the benefit of tho sick children who were sent to the hospital for treatment. A framework of Iron piping, covered with canvas was made to lean-to, around the sides of which canvas curtains were ad justed. The arrangement was crude, hut did good work In summer and early fall. What was pronounced a very cozy place for a family picnic party in September or October was by tho same persons denominated desolate In November and December. However, it vvc.s airy, well sunned, and endurable. The children spent six hours a day there all winter, the en tire ward being emptied out upon the roof, while their ward below on the first floor was well 'blown out’ through the wide-open windows. “What kind of cases were sent to the roof? AM rases. On many days every case In tho children’s ward was sent to the roof. Exceptionally, where the case was considered unfit for removal, such as one having a weak heart, nr one just recovering from an operation, or when an extension apparatus was attached to the bed, a child or two remained in the ward. This was regrettable, because the ward could not then be adequately aired through wide-open windows. By all cases 1 mean pneumonia in all stages, appendicitis, meningitis, burns, fractures, etc. “Most onlookers have wished to know details about pneumonia cases taken out of doors on the roof. All pneumonia cases in the height of fever, while the stimulating effect of tli" pneumotoxin was full on, were regularly on tho list to go to the roof for six hours on pleasant days. That did not mean avoiding winds or cold with sunlight, but avoiding rain or snow. "It has been noted by (be nurse? that the children on rainy days, after being confined to the ward all day become resiles o and peevish toward evening. When returned from a good airing on the roof they arc' hungry and sleepy. At night their sleep is quiet, profound, unbroken, "This ‘roof ward’ only illustrator tho greater emphasis now being laid by the medical profession cm fresh air t reatment." POISONING FROM MOTOR GASES Prove in Some Cases Very Harmful to Motor Occupants. A curious and into i sting fact n • garding what may bo called "antomi'- hil • poisoning" has been recently rorrniunicated to the Paris Society of Ugal Medicine by Mr. Marcel lirlanr’, a; reported to La Nature. Bays tips paper: in cai ibl< if th * j'liirm > is a long one. of producing i. al symptoms of poisoning. Bonn an uniobillfts have actually been obiig> and to give up their favorite spoi t tie- 1 of the eases which, pern tratine in small quantities even to the interior of tie vehicle, cause ihem prv-istent trouble. The waste gases i not b< iug adapted for contact with our 1 hnmchitil tubes, it is proper to notify i be autonnbil* makers B st the floors ' f tludr machines should be made at igbl a. j o ble, In order that pas i s . ngers i. ay h- protected from these, [ product-, wh, h may. at the very least, I cause distressing headaches Where They Went. \ i which runs aUr it all night had nds.-mr sizable, a detective wr.s put. on the ! j.,b. It took hi:. just 24 bout to find that the globes were e- o ! as cash lover the bats of the Bark row and ( t drink of whisky -New York oua. NEWS OF WISCONSIN HAP PE NINOS CP INTEREST IN THE VARIOUS TOWNS. ITALIAN SHOT; GANG HELD Twelve Arrested for Supposed ‘ Black Hand" Outrage at Kenosha — Thrown from Window, but Survives Fall. Kenosha Ma mo Hiiltemachcla an Italian, was sli t and badly injured lin his home in tli outskirts of Kenosha, and the cor litions stirrnundiUK | the shooting led officials to believe ; that there is an 01 panized criminal ! organization in Kenosha and that , members of this o aanizat ion had gone to the home of th wounded man with the intention i murdering him Twelve men wen arrested in connection with the shoeing, but only one of them was positiv. > identified b\ Sal ientachelit. The \ minded man was | terrified and the loliee had a hard i time to get m cot neeted story of the ■shooting, Several shots were fired ami one of them passed through the left hip of the ma i Only one revolver ; was found in the house where the shooting took pin e. but it is claimed that all of the Italians were armed After Saltemaehea had been shut h • was thrown thro gh a second story window He era led from the place to a drug store, from which lie was taken to the hosp tal lit had suffered terribly from ex osure and loss of blood, but the ihysioians attending him believe that he will recover. ANOTHER JANESVILLE MYSTERY. Murder or Suicide of Mrs Martha Anderson Causes an Inquiry. Janesville.— With tile (h atli of Mrs Martha Anderson Janesville lias the third of its mystnies in which women were the victims within three months Mrs Anderson wi s found dying in her rooms by police officers. With her throat gaping from ear In ear. her windpipe almost severed, and the room a perfect shambles, the woman lay partly across a cot bed Beside her a blood slain -d razor showed the wiupon used, an 1 under her was a short hatchet. It was thought that she committed suicide. The door to her room was op< n, and at the foot of the stairs leadin': to it the gla s in tlie inside door was broken and seal lered on the gn und. while a screen door was almost denuded of its covet ing. Below Mrs \nderson, Mr and Mrs. Andrew I,ink live They were aroused by a rapping, followed by the crashing of glass and the shriek of n woman. Merchants Add to Salary. Racine, —Members of the council re. fused to increase the salary of Chief of Police Henry (’. Baker from $1,200 to $1,500 per annum. After the vote was taken Mayor Horlick made the statement that a number of merchants in the city had agreed to pay Cle T Baker enough to make up the $"00 jer year. Transfer Marquette Head. Milwaukee. —The Rev Mem y Otting. who filled the chair of philosophy at Marquette unversity, and who had been connected with Marquette for ten years, was transferred to Detroit col lege. The Uev. Fratu is X O Boy I vice president of Hi Bonis university, has been appointed to succeed him Four Years in Waupun. Ba CTos e. (Jeorge Paradis.- d<‘ Marchande, convicted recently ol oh laming money under false preien.es. las been sentenced to fom yea is in stain prison. January Bt of each year I> lie passed in solila y confinetnenl The case may be appealed to flm sn preme court Frost Notes All Forfeit. Racine. Two of the large.-1 notes ever confessed for judgment in the circuit court of Racine county were filed One was a secured demand note for $50,000 with six per cent, interest, security of $70.00(1 bonds of the f’hlca 'o ft Milwaukee Klectrie railway. Foresters’ Courts Unite. \ppl The F Riv* V Association of r.itholie Order ot !'• esters courts was organized in Aj.i I ton when 55 chief taugers and hi h chief ranger representing 24 n in this section <1 the state, met in \ppieti n and elei fed < lli< err Injured in Collision, Chippewa Fall - "Two Wi ■ • in Centra) freight train; met in a h el on collision at Cut ax and i-T ;■ > i Fuller was . erioil- : ■ inj io-d Tie a' Ival of fr: . ■ ported to have h ■ m H ■ < 1 • I on ■■ of the collision May Move to Watertown. Watertown. A Cl aao i ii ,-v may he pc moled to |ui 10. pro viding aifficieut indneeincn ■ a h* I out. The concern is and dron- of locating In a smaller town where th-’ railway fat iliiles an- good Smallpox at Ricbwocd. Rich wood. Several cases of i I i< cx liav> p. im reported in Richwood and Dr W F Whyf-. pr< sid.-nt of th • state lea dot I.ea'Bh. Ini call* t a 1 meeting of the town offit rs to t ' | t.-c- in Vv , • :c.--:i, . ■ of widch •; | A:k Aldenran to Resign, Hh-h can \ p -tit< n has h-, n put • n m the H •vent)) w.mj ;t: kAi it. mi!a J- ph M T(”T -n "j rt;- I'll ART WROUGHT IN IRON. Successful Business Started by Eng lish Woman Several Years Ago. London,— About 12 years ago tin English woman, Mrs \mes-Lyde, was desirous of finding seme useful work to fill thi“ evening hours of tin 1 young men a* ITiornham Village at King's Bynn. England, and after easting about for a subject she considered the idea of wood-carving, basket making and leather work Industries already in some of the neighboring parisheshut. discarded all of them and finally chose Ironwork as an excellent and manly occupation for the evening class. To her first invitation there came forward a little group of men JM J&i ‘j. \ yifpu \ Lamp for 1 H.M. the Riag, SaimlrmgljLit'w and lioy s among whom was (he vth lago blacksmith, a man not brought up to ornamental work naturally, but, nevertheless, who was blessed with intelligent possibilities, and Mrs, Ames Byde was also fortunate enough to oh tain the services and co-operation of Mr. Elsntn. the village school-master, who had a taste for drawing and much practical sense and knowledge. To start this evening class fitly, Mrs Ames Byde sent (o London for a teach or from the Home Arts, who gave some lessons to these pupils in tho Italian bent work. The workers soon gut beyond the restricted form of the craft and launched forth Into the freer and more artistic iron work done with the forgo It so happened licit the first order of any kind received at the Thornham Iron Works was a royal one, and this at the very beginning of its career! The agent at Handringham telegrapher an order for a lamp, which must xeented within a certain time. Ho Mrs Ames Byde immediately sat down in the blacksmith's shop, got out a design, and the lamp was made by her workers within the appointed time in the little cottage with one forge, where all tbo first work was turned out Since then the Iron workers have been flooded with orders not only from the royal family and of the nobility ot England but abroad The royal family at Hand ri mf liatn takes a great personal Interest ir the work, and similar establishments are likely to crop up In various parte of England as a result of the amount of notice the Thornham undertaking- lias •eccivid The new garden gates of tie kitchen garden at Sandringham were made at Thornham, and the king Inis also several lamps from I icre noth fog indoor and outdoor use. C/tieen Victor 1 a, was presented by the join ■ ss o' Wales, then ditch's of v ork with lamps now tit Balmoral \t York f'otiago are lamps belonging If the pritif ss ot Wales. C.isi-nic;iß and lamps W'M'e made for I’rince ''hai l' s if Denmark's house near Sandringham and Hb - Dlghton I’roby n at Bark lluii.se, Hiindrlnglniin. Is the owner of another lump. Heme of file best productions of the shop are the old world grill in place in garden walls, to giw glimpses of charming views Ilk' a framed pic I lire Dose of His Own Medicine. The biggest man in the navy is a surgeon In chief, six feet five inches He j; now with the fleet, and is a ueat entertainei lb re Is one of his am rdetes; One of the younger cranks In ti n \;co discovered nineh virtue In ca w •( , und no mattei v. I. tit disias came on hit find ration was to throw down flm patient's throat a large dose f the nan ding liquid 'I he crew on lea; mol to hale him thorough!,' In process of time he I 11 overboard in a choppy to a and a great bustle en | , and. B; tin midst ' f It tJie captain j i .c e up and tu.xiea ’>• inquired tbe ■ lie. oh, nothing, r if." implied a •;c ' only the dod' r me: !■ II ido his ii,".' (mo <le st' New Yt k In. s. Got the "Irishman’s Rise." 'l'iie new eh rk had ju-t returned m the pod office with a look ol eat, complacency, say.; tbe Benny Fictor.nl. Manager ■ Well, y< u surce- ded In (-..'Btii those two letters in till right? ■.■'■: Yi Ir; Ju rna But yon had made a funny mis i You j'i the twoj. nee La f | ny damp on the London letter am. • ■ aaip cn the fan .;ti one v'a- a ■ I" ir rn- : Ho.v n* i; io. • a f !M i • '1 •, ...v ( Oh. Ii .a'!• II nil rigid | . I mo . i |r , i-t b< fore 1 , .• th' :u in tho bo hut there was !. a l .in ■’ to *s:•■ - , ] s'c;. * (office • Busies. | (Cnutr nf (DvUiVTßranan Hithmtt iHnmii uf (Dnlii-2U'anug By MRS. CHARLES CROSSMAN. BAIiUTAtIK is (ho m<>-t -imrod institution in the world. In involve duties and responsibilities the burden of which children should ho taught to understand front their earliest childhood. The bringing of children into the world by parents totally unlit i" rear them and to aid in their development is a crime ihat it will he neees-ary in (he end to eradicate by legislation. I'or a couple unahle to support even themselves, to bring into the world a family of children is an unspeakable crime. The cm iroiiimnt of the ihiidren horn in poverty, deprive J of even the necessities of life and turned out upon the world to •shift for themselves at an age when they should he nestling to the mothers hosom. precludes the possibility’of their becoming aught hut a burden to the commitady, if nothing worse. It is among the thousands of improy dent families that arc yt n committing this crime that the mi-siotiary work of to-dav should he done. Tito thousands of dollars that are spent now for the support of missionaries should be turned toward the support of those yvho arc willing to go out into >imli homes and teach the mothers and fathers the gross- wrong they are doing. It is not a subject to he treated lightly, t'u the contrary, it is most sacred. Il involves what is the very foundation of tho homo and of toeictv the child. Our future as it nation depends upon our children. What, (hen. will be that future if each year secs thousands and hundred of thou sands of children brought into tho world otilv to grow up in an atmosphere of vice, degradation and false ideals? “litiee suicide," is a term that President Koosevell has made famous, hut it would in noway include tin educational -vstem that .-ought only to regulate the number of children in each family hv the supporting capacity of the parents. Suicide conveys to the mind the idea of taking life. That is furthest from tin thoughts. On the contrary, it is simply my hope (hat the time will emu when parents will realize the enormity of their offense in bringing into the world a life that from the very start niii-l he blighted. I do not waul to see a childless race or ehildlc.-- marriagtMarriage should he blessed by children, hut not by ihiidren \\ 1;.■ support is not assured. h -hotild not be sullieient for a young man to feel that he ha- the means to |' r "\ ide for himself and for a w f> . He should know also that he . . ii prey ide for his children. To bring this about will (akt linu but no matter how long it takes it is something (hat should he done. (Madly would I contribute every year to any organization that has Cm its puipo-c what I advocate Ido contribute I" charitable organizations, but only to those which I think are striving to do the work of edm ation. It may he impossible completely to eradicate the eyil hv ediie.it ion. It max he necessary to elTeci ii hv layvs enacted by the egislal tiro. Whatever the iiaans, however, il is a change that liould he brought about. fr ii —d \llhmigh (lie inleiv-l in pedesl nanism *l l a- fallen "If, it must not be understood that UIUS I the American peoph today neglc t walking to nil extent ll'ill Would merit (I'lliei-m, \- (fftf'lf It! K a " 1;1,,, T of fael. peoph [iroluil'ly walk more ,|„. v c\,r did, if we’except (hose TttL. eomparal ively brief periods when pedesl rian*> a-m attraeled temporarily large numbers of Hulk iMuat ’he life of to-day is such hat an active man of husme.-s is eompelled to do mm h more walking than a person in his relative ByDH. DUDLEY A SARGENT, , , , , , . ... „ iiiiMlion wa- i alb dmi(o do yeai ■ ;igo. \\ Inlo Dirrclor l llpmrnwnv ovmnatiiini.0 vmnatiiini. r BarTsrd University the facilities for (ran portal ion have mult iplhd enormou-ly, y| the neec--i(\ fur moving about fir short di-lanei - has m< r< i-cl greatly, and marlv all da ■ -of persons have been idfecied h\ the spirit of pie. ieal activity which ha taken po- ■ -'on "I the modern world. Thai is one reason wh\ people who l ive and work in t he < itie- do more walk mg thiiti people in the < ounl n, :il I hough Ihe i out imrv impression tpiifa i . ncrallv pi <\ ii !;■ lull mil ty a pm-mi w i-him: to go anywhere almost iiiy ;ii i;il'l y liitehes tip his lim'-c itnd yeliieie and tray l- in that way, whilo m (he iii\ till -hurt di-lames and Many < "a-.ih i able dislamt's arc irayersed on foot. Ualkiti:' is an excellent means of pr crying physical hc.Tlh and strength, but >r< 1 1 1 1 ary walkiii" eaiOmt I" 1 e;ilicl an exercise from wliiely marked p!iy nal -irciiglli and heallb may !.e built up without recourse to other iie an- of development II would rcpiin yen -p iind and vigoron; walking for any per mi to achieve notable ail around pie. deal growth ami cultivation -o -piril'd and vigurm nuh'd that ii would nutuil danger of drain and e\hiin-l ion. I’nl for the j-xr-mi who him- iiopnred a good phv-upli walking, wile what otla mild m.er. ■ naluraM;. ■ e B QsTn tuny he l e"b 1'• i' ll "inn" t d 1 ■ I fj '1 1,, r. ; in : oppt i’Din Iv in lies ulrv n via re el, ■ iii be branch of ' Il ill II Mil I .111 sp ■ i.i |lx ** ■ ' '. in i’ ini' I' .a ng \fii-■" teach-tt t N 1 b ii i .!i v not o‘ ul ■ .... , ~ , (Gri'.rral vd'; CCulturr c a i.' i a r parl ■? a chdd -id i; ti ;oti; " .aid a ' f'l • To' . : Voter •il II tub cl -eetlH By ( At! I. FAULT EN, . ~ . . 7 „ ‘ > i c i ••n* tl 1.1 cy■ • j anxaids to five the Prulfli - ol Mtoir, hil(in. -n; otieration rl f l-t be adyan■ , I iitn cun ■l l 11 r thill yming men .and wonun who are tlmroughlv pri-rarel, umi r tin vork music teaeljcr, w ill find a suilabh ■ lifMitrdi* m irt uf ih' country, not only in t/ie far-off ■ e.n:y n .vest ... | • ;,! ,ii t!,. lor -fen i■ r of 11., ndlkw. -c n I ' !tos■ ' ' , ' ■ , ■ 0 J 1. me n! and i.-a-ngy len-t not wonder jf t], me. i with failure. to ihum Rl w'" '.llluT C'M.'gfrv js „ 1 -..uL '
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