Daily News from New York, New York on December 30, 1967 · 155
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Daily News from New York, New York · 155

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New York, New York
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Saturday, December 30, 1967
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155
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DAILY NEWS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1967' Big BSeart $G&k Doylestown, Pa., Dec. 29 (Combined Services) Paul Whiteman, 76, the genial, rotund orchestra leader who made "immoral" jazz respectable nearly 50 years ago, died of a heart attack at Doylestown Hospital today. Whiteman. known affection ately as Pops, -was rushed to the hospital from his home in New Hope and died at 4:50 a.m, about 20 minutes after arrival. Whiteman who launched a galaxy of musical stars and made the full, rich strains of George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue" an American classic had lived in relative seclusion in recent years, breaking his retirement only to appear as guest conductor in this area. Lived in Coda Cottage America's King of Jazz during the big band era, Whiteman moved to Bucks County, a favorite living place of New York composers and playwrights, about fix years ago with his fourth wife, former actress Margaret Livingston. He and his Muggsy, as he called her, named their home Coda Cottage. A coda is the last eight bars of a musical score. T net- cnvinir Vow HfiTlO rcCU dents honored him for more than 60 years in jazz. The music played then summed up the career f the man who melded jazz and classical music into a new musical , form. "I never believed that jazz was as bad as the symphonists thought it was, nor that symphony was as bad as the jazz lovers thought it was," he said once. "I thought there ought to be a common ground and 'Rhapsody' found it." WTiiteman had commissioned Gershwin to write the work and his recording of it is still a favorite. Whiteman came to jazz with a f .J? IK 1 "':S f"il III! Mill "kiL- . I'' ' 1 L Wa.nn i.. Paul Whiteman Saccumbt to heart attack solid grounding in classical music He once said jazz came to Amer ica 300 years apo with the Negro and "all I did was or chestrate it." He also brought it out of the back room and into Carnegie Hall. "More than any single person, Paul Whiteman was responsible for crystalizing the jazz style and giving it the form and substance it henceforth was to retain, wrote critic David Ewen. 1 Associated Press photo Paul Whiteman in top hat and tails in 1932 (left), with wife, Margaret (center), after reducing from 340 to 185 pounds, in 1933 and with Gracie Allen (right) before 1943 concert. Whiteman launched many fa mous artists with his orchestra. among them vocalists Bing Cros by, Dinah Shore, Morton Downey, and Mildred Bailey, trumpeters Bix Beiderbecke and Henry Busse, saxophonist Frank Trum- bauer, trombonist Jack Teagar-den and the late Dorsey brothers, Tommy and Jimmy. Crosby, when informed of Whiteman's death, described him as "a giant in the music industry." "Paul advanced the quality of American popular music and later brought fine American classic music to the world, Crosby said. "He was the first man to pay his musicians and singers high salaries." But Whiteman was no stickler when it came to musical styles. Asked his opinion of rock 'n' roll, Whiteman said: "I don't think you have to live in one groove all the time. If it's well done, it's well done, no matter what kind it is." At the wedding of his daughter, Julie, last March, he tucked his viola under his chin and played the only song he ever wrote, "Wonderful One". Whiteman still wore his jaunty mustache, but had slimmed down from 340 pounds to 18o. His wife's struggles to help him lose weight prompted her to write in 1933, with Isabel Leigh-ton, "Whiteman's Burden." Whiteman was born in Den ver in 1891, the son of a public school music supervisor. His la ther made him study violin, but young Paul smashed it to get out of practicing. He mowed lawns at his father's insistence to earn the money to buy another violin, but instead he bought a viola because "it was bigger than a fiddle and no more expensive." Violist in Symphony Hv t.h time he was 20. White- man nlnved first viola in the Denver Symphony and later graduated to tne san rancisco People's Symphony. He became a hnnrllpnder in the MTV in World War I and formed his own dance band in 1919, playing jazz tunes which were then consiaerea vul gar and suggestive. After an initial success in California, Whiteman took Easterners by storm with a long stand at Atlantic City. "You'll never learn to bounce in jazz if you don't know Bach and Beethoven," he said in 1924 when he brought jazz to the ultimate of respectability by premier-ing "Rhapsody in Blue" in a his toric concert at Aeolian Hall in New York. At that time, 52 Paul Whiteman dance bands were playing all over America. He also introduced Ferde Grofe's "Grand Canyon Suite." First Record a Hit The first record he ever made, Whispering " sold over 2 million copies. Other popular songs immortalized by Whiteman were Avalon," "Japanese Sandman" and "Yes, We Have No Bananas," which became as popular in Europe as in America. Whiteman served as musical director of both ABC and NBC networks, over which he made many broadcasts. He appeared in "Jumbo" and several Hollywood films, including "King of Jazz" in 1930 and "Strike Up the Band" in 1940. He wrote two books, "Jazz" and "How to Be a Bandleader." In addition to - his widow, Whiteman is survived by four children, Paul Jr., Mrs. Margot Haas. Mrs. Julie Kelly, and Mrs. Jan Martino. Funeral" services will be held Tuesday afternoon at Campbell's funeral .chapel in New York, a family spokesman said. flie Mgetand Taxes: Trend Us (Up, Up, Way Op By JERRY GREECE Washington, Dec. 29 At the stroke of midnight Sunday your taxes start a new upward climb and you can confidently expect that 1968 will bring you the most expensive 12 months of federal government yet recorded in a young nation's history. There isn't a chance the spending trend will go otherwise, and all the champ.on oratory of a presidential election year won't save you a dime, despite the promises. -mnHTI A Everybody who UL'V J wants to mail a let- 3 1 Urr ,J '- tl thereafter gets ' nicked with the new postal rates, six cents instead of five for first class and 10 cents replacing eight for air mail. The social security increase is effective New Year's Day, with the bite of 4.4rr going for the first $7,800 in earnings, rather than $6,600 as was the case this year. This hike will raise the maximum annual tax from $290.40 to $343.20. And Rep. Wilbur Mills (D-Ark.), chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, is waiting in the wings to get on with a requested income tax surcharge bill in a couple of weeks. There isn't much question that a surtax of some size will be enacted, perhaps 8 instead of lOe as asked, now that Mills and the conservatives on the committee have shown President Johnson they aren't about to be pushed around like a bunch of beagles. Ike's Reduction Was a Long Time Ago Only the most profound optimist would delude himself with the idea that there will be any cutback in the cost of government. Former President Eisenhower managed a touch of reduction back in fiscal 1955 after the end ' cf the-Korean war, but the federal budget has been off and running skyward since that time. Back in 1S40, one may recall fondly,, the tax per capita in the U. S. was $4G.2S. That's the amount collected ly the federal government for each man, woman and child in the country. . By 1966, the tax per capita had leapfrogged to . ?54.48 and in 1967, it has jumped" once more to " $745.16. It is' axiomatic ef a politician that where there is any substantial amount of tax funds to be found, he will find a way to spend them. If the careworn taxpayer listens hard, he can still hear echoes from the recent and unlamented session of Congress about reductions in the cost of government. LBJ ordered his departments to slash spending, partly to meet the demands of the Mills tax committee." Billions, it says here in fine print, were lopped off all around the Washington landscape. Everybody's Claiming Some Cuts House Republicans under leadership of Rep. Gerry Ford (R-Mich.) contended they cut more billions. House Democrats, led by Chairman George Mahon (D-Tex.) of the Appropriations Committee, cut billions more. Any and all of the claimants can point to the line cn the page where the cut was made. The paper reductions doubtless can be tabbed with some accuracy. When all of these calculations have been made, it is an odds-on bet that this last session of Congress will have spent more than at any time since the country was founded. It never fails. They save a dollar here and there, and the cost of government climbs like Java flowing back upward into . a volcano. - , Down on the ranch by the Pedernales River these days, the President is having his reasonings with department heads over the new budget he will submit to 'Congress late next month. As is customary, one hears words of austerity," er bare bones, or frugality and the other moth-frayed terms used to indicate that the tribulations of the taxpayer are of first concern. There'll Be Some Big Changes This is a budget which will bear more than ordinary examination. It will be a war and peace budget. It will be the basic document behind the 1968 presidential campaign. As the President's commission on budget concepts reported only a couple of weeks ago, "the budget is the key instrument in national policymaking." The only trouble with the fiscal 1969 budget, when LBJ sends it to Congress, is that nobody but the experts will be able to recognize it. For this year, there are going to be some mighty changes made. Charley Schultze, the peppery director of the Bureau of the Budget, passed the word on this 10 days past and few paid any attention. Schultze announced that he was adopting many of the recommendations of the President's commission, which urged a massive overhaul when it reported findings in October after six months' study. David Kennedy, chairman of the board of the Continental Illinois National Bank & Trust Co. of Chicago, headed the bipartisan group of economists and fiscal experts. The principal recommendation of the commission -was that the budget be "unified" to show what the government collects, what it borrows and what it spends. ' It's Going in One Big Pot The unsuspecting taxpayer may have thought that was what he was getting all along, but unfortunately this is not true. What has been passed off as a budget consisted of a politically assorted batch of figures which could mean almost anything to anybody. There was the "administrative" budget, the "cash budget and the "national income accounts" budget. You could put the cost of government in fiscal 1968 at anywhere between $135 billion and $172.4 billion, and be reasonably right. . You could work out deficits to match. But now it s all going to be put in one big pot social security taxes, highway trust funds and the rest. Johnson will probably send Congress a fiscal 1969 budget calling for an outlay of $175 billion to $180 billion, or maybe even .a little more. ... Whatever the form, it will be bigger, It will cost more. And it will be more confusing, for comparative ' purposes, ' not ah unhandy item in a campaign season.

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