The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California on March 2, 1988 · 7
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The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California · 7

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San Francisco, California
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Wednesday, March 2, 1988
Page:
7
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11. ',V-f'-"vV' i'"- -V , ' ' -f ir , Wednesday, Mych2, 1968 JU7 .pi Missile attacks on Tehran could backf ire on Iraq By Jane Travert 80UIHAMNEWS NICOSIA, Cyprus Iraq's missile blitz on Tehran marks a significant shift in gulf war tactics one that may lead Baghdad deeper into the conflict rather than out of it Until the missiles began raining down on the Iranian capital late Monday, Iraq had ANAI VQ!C concentrated on miimui attacking its enemy's oil arteries during the 7-year-old war. It had struck at Iran's cities only sporadically since the two sides began at tacking each other's population centers in 1983, and it had never hit Tehran with missiles. 2 But Iraq's recent attacks, apparently made possible by the local manufacture or modification of V.. missiles, are on a different scale s and for a different purpose. Reports said many of Tehran's 6 "-million people had taken cover from the missiles in basements or in bomb shelters built after urban attacks last year. Iran said at least 17 civilians had died during the bombardment, which Baghdad said had consisted of 21 surface-to-surface missiles fired since Monday night The latest attack came early Wednesday, when Iraq fired two more missiles into Tehran. Also, for the first time, Iraq announced it had fired two surface-to-air missiles Wednesday at Iran's holy city of Qom, the spiritual seat of Ayatoll-ah Ruhollah Khomeini's government. The attacks and Iraq's threats of more to come are certain to have an effect on Iran's war-weary population. Iraq, desperate to end a war that began with its September 1980 ' crossing of the disputed Shatt al-Ar-ab waterway, is gambling that Iran, faced with a new, high-tech threat as well as growing military and diplomatic isolation, will talk peace. But there is some desperation in the strategy. Iraq's attacks on Iranian shipping and Iran's retaliatory strikes have succeeded in drawing an armada of foreign warships into the Persian Gulf but have not forced Tehran to negotiate. More serious still, the worst year ever for gulf shipping 106 sailors were killed and 178 ships hit in 1967 has hurt Iraq's Arab friends and worried its quasi-ally, the United ; States. . That concern boiled over into action last month, when a high-ranking U.S. delegation went to Baghdad to discuss Iraqi methods after a Badger bomber fired two missiles near enough to a convoy to concern its U.S. escort If Iraq again hits a U.S. ship 37 seamen were killed when two Iraqi Exocet missiles slammed into the frigate USS Stark last spring the Reagan administration's gulf policy could come under fire in the middle of an election, , A change of tactics would seem , to make sense for Iraq. However, as Iran demonstrated at least twice this week, Baghdad itself is vulnera-' ble to attacks from old but powerful Scud B surface-to-surface missiles. . Military analysts aren't sure how many Scud B's Iran has, but a sustained missile offensive against Baghdad could well undermine the civilian morale built on President Saddam Hussein's lavish "guns and butter" policy. , Responding to Iranian threats to retaliate, military officials in Baghdad warned people to stay home, and martial music was being blared over loudspeakers late Tuesday as residents braced for another round in the urban war. Iranian missiles may not directly threaten Hussein, who is protected by one of the region's most uncompromising security services, but it wouldn't help the government prosecute an already unpopular, war. , - . It is also possible that the tit-for-tat strikes typical of the two sides' "war of the cities" may simply harden public attitudes against the enemy if not the home regimes. What is clear is that the gulf war has changed in the last few days and not for the better. ; As one gulf analyst here put it Tuesday, "They've moved out of their First World War trenches and into the 20th century." ,,. ,. Iran and Iraq step up 'war of the cities' EXAMINER NEWS SERVICES BAGHDAD, Iraq Iraq on Wednesday fired missiles into Tehran and the holy city of Qom, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's spiritual base, while Iran launched strikes against Baghdad in the latest escalation in the "war of the cities." One Iranian missile hit Baghdad at daybreak, killing or wounding several civilians, including women and children, and destroying houses, shops and cars, the official Iraqi News Agency reported. . Iraq said it had sent 19 missiles into the Iranian capital since Monday, including two Wednesday that Iran's official Islamic Republic News Agency said wounded 15 civilians, among them eight women and five children. .y... , Iraq also said it fired two missiles into the Iranian holy city of Qom, 90 miles southwest of Tehran, on Wednesday. Iran said one missile fell on Qom but caused no casualties. The last time Iraqi warplanes bombed Qom was January 1987. Qom, a city of 250,000 people, is home to Iran's main theological center and tomb of a Shiite Moslem saint Ayatollah Hussein Ali Montazeri, Khomeini's designated successor, lives in . Qom. -.. ... .,.. - .. Although the city is Khomeini's seat, the 87-year-old supreme leader of Iran's fundamentalist revolution lives in suburban Tehran. Tehran Radio said he told families of war victims at his residence Wednesday: "We fear nothing. For a martyrdom-lover it makes no difference to be martyred by a missile, a bomb or anything else." . The Iraqi spokesman said after the latest missile smashed into Baghdad, "We will continue to pound their nests and punish them." . Drug boss link probed REUTER BOGOTA A Colombian judge is probing the possible involvement of reputed drug baron Carlos Lea der Rivas in the bloody 1985 take over of Bogota's Palace of Justice by leftist rebels, fe':'; ' TOTAL UQURXATKK3 SALS SPRING IHVBJTORYI SAVE BIG on dazzling, contemporary, spring fashions. Everything must go! Jackets, dresses, skirts, blouses, pants, sweaters, coats, jewelry, belts, scarves, shoes and more! From these famous makers: PAUL STANLEY J0ANIE CHAR TAHARI CAROL LITTLE EKLEKTIC RABBIT RABBIT GIANNI WILD ROSE CHRISTINE THOMSON ABS SALE STARTS TODAY! Bush ond Montgomery Streets, San Francisco Montclair, 2020 Mountain Blvd., Oakland Lokeshore, 3300 Lakeshore Avenue, Oakland Strawberry Village, Mill Volley Stanford Shopping Center, Polo Alto 3Fj DAISY CHARGE, CHECKS AND GOOD OLD CASH! Daisy 9 to 5 Stores not Included. Watch for more Daisy 9 to 5 stores opening soon, including the newest at One Embarcadero, opening April, 1988. NATO leaders back nuke cuts Soviets also urged to trim land forces By Susanne M. Schafer ASSOCIATED PRESS ''" BRUSSELS, Belgium Leaders of the Western alliance Wednesday endorsed President Reagan's efforts to negotiate new reductions in nuclear arms and demanded sweeping cuts in the Soviet Union's vastly superior conventional forces in Europe to rule out a surprise - attack. ' Within hours of opening their ' first summit talks in six years, the leaders of 10 NATO nations de-. clared that Soviet conventional forces "cast a shadow over the whole of Europe" and must be reduced sharply to ease the imbalance in East-West military strength. These proposed cuts, they said, "will entail, for example, the elimination from Europe of tens of thousands of Warsaw Pact weapons relevant to surprise attack, among them tanks and artillery pieces." " The overall aim of the talks was to demonstrate allied unity in advance of Reagan's planned Moscow summit meeting with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in late May or June. But there were nagging differences among the NATO leaders over other nuclear-arms issues. Reagan, his voice hoarse and rasping from allergies, read a statement calling the Soviet conventional forces "the most direct threat to our security and to stability in Europe." .... .. He added: "Arms reductions are not enough. ... We also look for greater respect for human rights mmm Vr f VT) (i fj o 4! AMoaalMPraM SECRETARY OF STATE SHULTZ AND PRESIDENT REAGAN U.S. officials mat in Belgium to attend NATO summit and fundamental freedoms on which lasting security and stability in Europe ultimately depend." Reagan seemed undisturbed by frictions among NATO leaders about the future of the U.S.-sup-plied force of short-range nuclear ' weapons, most of them based in West Germany. "I have never seen such harmony as we have," the president said. He called the statement on European conventional forces "a major step" forward for the allies. 1 . At the opening summit session earlier Wednesday, Reagan sat next to British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and listened intent ly as NATO Secretary-General Lord Carrington pledged the allies' "full support" for Reagan's drive to reach agreement with the Soviets on drastic cuts in strategic nuclear weapons. In a six-page statement on conventional forces, the NATO leaders said, "The Soviet Union's military presence in Europe, at a level far in excess of its needs for self-defense, directly challenges our security as well as our hopes for change in the political situation in Europe. : , Thus, the conventional imbalance in Europe remains at the core of Europe's security concerns." Shultz to renew Mideast peace shuttle By Jim Anderson UNITED PRESS WTERNATKJNAL BRUSSELS, Belgium President Reagan on Wednesday announced that Secretary of State Shultz will return to the Middle East Thursday to continue his shut, tie diplomacy. Reagan said at the Stuyvenberg guesthouse where he is staying during a NATO summit that "all countries believe the United States should remain engaged" in the effort to bring about an Arab-Israeli reconciliation and an end to the Palestinian uprising in the Israeli-occupied territories. . "We will spare no effort," he said. When asked after his announcement whether Shultz would meet with Palestinian representatives, Reagan raised his arms and shrugged. Shultz, standing next to Reagan, gave no response. The missing element in the recent Shultz shuttle was direct talks With the Palestinians, who refused to meet with him in Jerusalem. In Cairo, the Middle East News Agency quoted diplomatic sources Tuesday as saving Shultz may meet with a group of Palestinians, approved by Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser Arafat, during a second visit to Egypt. Shultz held three hours of talks in London Tuesday with Jordan's King Hussein, concluding a five-day shuttle mission that took him to Israel, Jordan, Syria and Egypt Neither Reagan nor Shultz gave any strong indication that hopes were rising for a breakthrough when they announced the extension of the secretary's Middle East mission. air Hot mm Up 'til now, there have been lots of reasons to come to B of A for your Home Equity Line of Credit, And now there's another one. Because for a limited time only you get a $400 savings on fees. And that's in addition to possible tax advantages, the security of a 5 rate cap, competitive rates and the $400 convenience of an answer in one business day when you apply by phone. 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