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race four PIQUA DAILY CALL EaUklUkra 18SJ r. Plg.ua Dally Dispatch, Plqua Daily Ladr - Dlspatch, Piqua Dally Pr and Plqua Daily rress - jLJiipatcn. Published every evenlnr except Sunday at SI 8 North Wayne street, Fiqua, Miami County, Ohio. Entered aa second cla matter at the Postoftioe, Plqua, Ohio, under the act of Congress of March Member of the "Select Llet" o: uauy newspapers, The Asao Ohio Dailies But Borah's spear m the LaFollette battle line. Inland National Advertising Representative The John W. Cullen Company, 8 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago; 630 Fifth Avenue, New York City: General Motors Bldg, Detroit, Mich. SORE MAY BE THOUGHTS Or A FAILING WARRIOR One day during the recent Republican convention in Cleveland, Senator William E Borah disappeared from the crowded hotel lobbies and was discovered perched aM alone on a railing by Cleveland's lake front, looking out over the railroad yards, the harbor and the blue reaches of Lake Erie. The senator had strolled oM alone to get a little fresh air and quiet. He found both, and enjoyed them In EOlitude. Around him lounged the assorted down - and - outers who make that particular stretch of waterfront their hangout. And the senator sat there and looked out at nothing in particular an elderly statesman lines in his face and a droop to his shoulders, communing with himself. It might be Interesting to know just what his thoughts were. For Senator Borah, in his moments of introspection, must have ample food for reflection. He is close to the end of his career. It has been a notably distinguished one; and it contains a rather tragic moral about the fate of the man who makes his fight too late. Senator Borah speaks for what might be called the older America; the America that distructed the go - getter and the grabber, that lived by a simple creed of antique freedom and had a sturdy self - reliance, a confidence in the ability of the ordinary American to take care of himself unaided. But In his career as spokesman for that America, the senator missed a lot of fights. He mdssed one in 1012, when Theodore Roosevelt went across the land like a knight - errant tilting against privilege and greed. In that year Senator' Borah swallowed William Howard Taft swallowed him with a wry grimace, but swal - ! lowed him none the less. He missed another in 193, when old Bob LaFoMette spoke up against the House of Have and took his pre destined Mekong. Old Bob could have used Borah's help that year: his cause looked remarkably like the cause Borah had always espoused Came 1928, and Senator Borah went down the line for Hoover. The crowd behind Hoover was the Borah had fought all his life or most of it. But somehow Borah was in Hoover's comer all through that campaign. Nor did he help unseat that crowd to 1932. So, at last, in 1936. the old war - horse went out to battle , . . and found himself Just a HtUe too late. He found that the play had been taken away from him by a group of middle westerners, led by a man who, as a youngster, had taken the Bull Moose bolt which Borah had been too careful to take. The long - overdue liberlization of the Republican party had begun and Landon, not Borah, was the magic name. It would be interesting to know just what the senator thought, as he played hookey from the convention to muse by the shore of Lake Erie. DOWN TO PERSONALITIES From now on, the presidential campaign is going to appear a great deal different. This is because the voters now have two figures to listen to. Until now, the president has monopoliBed the picture. Henceforth, there is going to be battle of personalities in which the characters, the views, and the ex perience of two men will be pitted against each other. There will be much talk, too, of platforms and issues and the fu t.ure of America; but, in the final analysis, it's a good bet that the 1936 campaign will turn as have all others on th men. You can't get around the human element in political campaigns. LET'S MAKE IT COMPLETE Tt is encouraging to note that officials in severa! states have been the Black Legion from the Ameri can scene. The Job probably will prove long and arduous, but It should not be dropped for a mom - A resolution Is before Congress asking for an appropriation which would permit fighting the legion across state boundaries, perhaps something like this is needed. At least, prosecution of accused terrorists and murderers must be carred out to the fullest degree. At the same time complete revelation of the activities of these raiders Is highly important. Keeping the spotlight on the Biack Legion should eventually show even the dullest citizen how unAmerican such a group is. An aroused public conscience will eventually obliterate the - O.QMclntvre" New York, June 16 Writers, es peciaMy newspapermen, are reputed ly the heaviest users of tobacco of all sedentary workers. Leniency toward smoking on duty in most editorial rooms contributes largely to the addiction. Prank Munsey was rug.' among the few publishers who forbade It. Hie only all - around n e w s - paperman I ever heard about who has never used tobacco is William Allen White. The most inveterate cigaret smoker among the editors was Ray MB Lans - was an 5i office boy's duty O. O. Mclntyre to empty a derby - sized bowl of stubs from his desk twice a day. But Long took only a puff or so from each. Many newspapermen who turn to magazine .writing drop the oigaret tor tne pipe, ana when they do they are scarcely ever without one. Chewing the weed was in high favor with copy readers 20 years ago, but mas use oi it is now almost aband - oned. I once knew a city editor who in. variably lighted a cigaret before answering the almost incessant ring nis telephone. Many ol the crack reporters believe it impossible to turn out a bang - up story without indulging what is known as chain smoking. Northcllffe called it The Great Nicotine Nag I Edward J, O'Brien sets himself up a sort of supreme authority of the American short story and each year compiles a volume called "The Best snort Stones of (whatever year it Is.) " Naturally he is the target for hoots and many deserved. But one thing is noticeable. The stories that have the greatest appeal for him m the those llttle - heard - of feuiUetona that struggle so hopeless ly lor expression. And are almost invariably without plot. Broadway hears the famous red - haired Ziegfeld show girl, Jessie Reed, is now acting as hostess in a Chicago night club. Ann Pennington, another charmer of that era. has been at another Windy City haunt. There are no Jessie Reeds or Ann Pennlngtons in the chorine galaxy today. Miss Reed never spoke a line, yet she filled front rows and increased receipts of the florists nightly. Miss Pennington, nimble enough as a dancer, was known however for her dimpled knees far as I know the Rlalto hasn't an outstanding ohorus girl, the type known by name and pointed out wherever she appears. Like Dolores. Ziegfeld was indeed the one and only glorifier. He knew how to make his ladies of the ensemble talked about as well as himself. His power iur jjuaacity aid not iohow ftlm to the grave. Today the Ziegfeld name overshadows the entire list of Rlalto producers. Three years after his passing the film of his life was Follies was playing at the Winter snowing all over the land, a Ziegfeld Garden and a Ziegfeld show on the air. There was one week on Broadway when a stroller counted the Ziegfeld name 32 times from the Circle to Herald Square in lights, on billboards and window displays. If life survives the body and there any consciousness of what Is go - r on across the gulf it's certain vain jlorious Ziegfeld is com pensated for those last despairing years when the Broadway he so he - glamoured was trying with shame less indifference to "lay him out Sentimentalists would like to see the scene of Ziegfeid's major triumphs in a similar comeback. That is the venerable New Amsterdam theater New York's "Old Vic" which also housed the Frolic roof. For several seasons now it has been mostly dark mid the West 43d street block in which It is situated has become a strip of cheap - John 6tores. strip burlesque shows and other de cadences of a street turned taran - The New Amsterdam lobby from noon until curtain time was once a haven for characters a sort of open forum for theatrical gossip. Retinoid Wolf, Bide Dudley. Ward More house, Stephen Rathbun and other roaming chroniclers of that day always picked up their brightest chit chat there. Agents swapped their ribald stories and every now and then the foyer congealed Into frozen silence. A. E. Brlanger was on his way to cr from his offices. Even Ziegfeld was obeteant to Brlanger. And ttiere was that little cubby hole lunch in 4lst, the Iron Goose, recall, with its Patsy Kelly hoy den type of waitress. I once asked making determined effort, to wipeth , catfish sandwich, "A saucer THIS DAY WAS WEDNESDAY Invitations are out for commencement exercises at Plqua Memorial hospital training school which will be held on the hospital lawn Sunday afternoon, June JO. Members of the class include Myrtle Victoria Apple, Mary Allen North, Hanna Magdalene Puterbaugh and Blanche Marie Puterbaugh. Louis C. Neth motored to Cincinnati this morning on business accompanied by Mrs. Neth and son, Bob, Mrs. William A. Snyder has been appointed to fill the place on the Woman's Auxiliary Board of Memorial hospital vacated by the death of Mrs. Robert M. OTerrall. Other appointments to membership include Mrs. Otto Mill - house from Church of Christ and Mrs. Paul Zimmerman from the Plqua Baptist church. Mrs. Elizabeth Levering is in Indianapolis where she plans to spend a month with her sister, Mrs. Charles Hippie. The Eighteen club held its THIS DAY WAS FRIDAY Miss Jeannette Reynolds has gone to Columbus to be the guest of her sister, Mrs. Arthur Murphy, and from there will go to Gambler, where she will be the guest at a house party over Kenyon college commencement Mr. W. F. Caldwell's Sunday school class at the Presbyterian church held a picnic yesterday afternoon at Fountain Park. The hours were enjoyed with reading stories and strolling around the park, after which an inviting picnic dinner was served. Mr. and Mrs, Caldwell were present and the following members of the class; Edith Frazler, Irma Gell, Mary Taylor, Helen Oblinger, Kate Thomas, Mary Matthews, Nellie Oblinger, Edna Racine, Minnie Dockray, Clara Sugden, Gertrude Lelbee and Margaret Collings. Delegates Joe Dunkie, Ferd Beckcrt and Alonzo 6now, who represented Plqua Aerie No. 614, F.O.E., at the grand lodge session at Akron, returned to Piqua last night, In 1912 the convocation will meet at Columbus. Mr. and Mrs. Clyde E. Shy - righ of bana were in the city THE WQUA DAILY CAIX They Say It's Going To Be a Warm Summer of water for Ernestine. " she called I a ... . .. FORUM CLUB IS TO MEET WEDNESDAY The members of the Forum Club will esjoy a pot luck supper at the Hollow, Wednesday, June 17, at 6:30 o'clock. This will be the last meeting of the group until fall and it is hoped that there will be a good number in attendance at this get - together. it more than one - seventh, about 000,000,000 of their income for homes and other buildings in 1936. The National Whirligig News Behind the News. WASHINGTON By Ira Bennett tnkknrn Labor conditions throughout country are worrying the adminis tration. Strikes are becoming num erous and more difficult to adjust. Conciliators of the Labor Relations Board are stumped when "both sides" refuse to meet in conference Two reasons are assigned for the stubbornness' of recent labor dis putes. First, organized labor ii deeply' disappointed by the breakdown of laws enacted for its bene - 1926 - Ten Years Ago - 1936 last meeting of the season Monday evening at the home of Mrs. Bertha Strauss on college street. Mrs. Margaret Revolt of South Wayne street will be taken to Memorial hospital Thursday for an operation. Dr. John E. Kauffman went to Tiffin today to attend the Ohio Council of Religious Education and will preside tomorrow at the Adult Session. Miss Louise Burnham returned from Columbus today where she has completed her Junior year at Ohio State university. Dr. and Mrs. J. C. Pahnestock have returned from Palm Beach, Fla., where they passed the last seven months at their winter residence. The first of the weekly bridge luncheons at the Piqua Country club resulted in Mrs. T. J. Weis receiving the first prize, Miss Hortense Wilkinson, second, and Mrs. Lester Spencer, consolation. The committee in charge of the day was Mrs. W. C. Kerns, Mrs. Edgar Todd, Mrs. C. B. Jamison and Mrs. Myer Louis. Twenty - Five Years Ago last night en route to Lock - ington where Mr. Shyrigh sang at the Lockington commencement exercises in the high school. Miss Almee Louise Sullivan, who has been visiting Miss Miriam Todd, has gone to Dayton to spend a week with Miss Milded Eyler. Major and Mrs. William King Boa! entertained with a beautiful dinner last night at then - home on West High street in honor of their granddaughter. Miss Louise Orr, whose birthday it was. The table was centered with a large bunch of daisies. Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Orr, Miss Louise and Morrison Orr were the guests. Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Walker and little daughter, Dorothy, Mr. and Mrs. Forest Flowers and Mr. and Mrs. George Berry will go to the Lucas farm on Saturday where they will camp for the summer. Miss Helen Bacheldor left this afternoon for Michigan where she will visit before returning to her home in Rochester, N, Y. She was the guest of Miss Margaret Royer. A hay ride to Troy was given last night in her honor by a number of young people, fit and the. left wing is determ ned to take direct action. Second, employers fear closed - shop campaigns and believe that if they show a stiff front they can stall along until the Wagner labor disputes act is upset by the Supreme Court. Legal advisers of big concerns are unanimous in holding the Wagner act unconstitutional. This encour ages employers to fight off Labor Relations Board attempts to settle strikes by forcing concessions to union demands. Spit Some politicians, always on the scent of deep - laid political plots, thing they see in the rising labor storm a concerted scheme to beat Roosevelt. Their theory is that industry Is determined to take the offensive now, in the hope of warding off a tougher subsequent war over the closed shop. Still another motive attributed to industry is that it will welcome turmoil and an ebb tide during the fall as a means of defeating the New Deal. Some observers actually ex pect a stock market slump to be en gineered by big operators and their industrial allies. Inquiry among influential busi ness men fails to confirm this mise. One of them said: "I Do you think we "want to bite off our own no6es?" Demands wmism z Lemanas ter. ls en couraging formation of industrial unions among Pacific Coast workers Foster is said to have advised Ms followers that the Communist party must - take an active part in supporting the Committee for Industrial Organization, because the Communists hope to take over all these unions sooner or later. The Pacific Coast Maritime Federation has voted to send organizers to the Atlantic seaboard to assist in organizing an East Coast federation before September. A showdown on Pacific waterfronts is feared In September, when present agreements between maritime workers and ship operators expire. Members of unions have been advised to save their money in anticipation of a strike which may be precipitated when shipowners re fuse to grant extra demands that will be made at that time. Ruver Mixed In with labor ' disputes Is the Walsh - Healey bill requiring concerns doing Dusiness witn tne government tc submit to wage and labor codes Intense opposition to this bill Ii now being developed by many industrial concerns. At the same time, pressure for passage of the dm ls very strong, as witnessed by the recent astonishing telegram from President William Green of the American Federation of Labor virtually ordering committee mem bers to report the bill out. This has been done. Secretary of Labor Frances Per kins is deprived of supervision of this proposed law. Whoever administers it will have life and death power over many business concerns from the labor angle. They are compelled to sell to the government and yet, if they go under a labor code, their unregulated competitors may beat them in getting other business. Many of the hundreds of millions now going out for relief, naval construction, Army maintenance and equipment and public works are spent for material. Uncle Sam la the biggest buyer In the world. Indirect other meagre scheduled besides the Walsh - Healey bill. They are the Federal - (Concluded on Page Eleven) 'THE AMERICAN WAY DESCRIRED BY GOV. LANDON TO WILSON Correspondent Talks to Presidential Candidate and Get. Hit View, on Iaues. By LYLE C. WILSON (Copyright 1W by United Press) Topeka, Kan., June It, (UJ Gov All M. Landon today prescribed "The American Way" as .the proper ajjuuttui w un prooiems oi a tion harried by unemployment business uncertainty. "The American Way," ho told the United Press in the course of a two hour interview, "means educa tion and debate in Congress and out of it. We all get impatient when we are not getting things done. There are interminable de lays. But that ls the America! Way and that is the path we must follow." Governor Landon explained views on the use of professional brains by the federal government, and on currency, social security and minimum .wages. you come away from the 1880 odel governor's mansion here convinced that you have been listening to a man who ls doing some of the hardest thinking of his life time. And you bring away with you me memory of a man who is look - ng lor expert knowledge. You go in seeking ah interview with a presidential candidate, or an outline of a politician's plans for winning a national election. Your host rumples his gray hair and smiles. He meets each question promptly. More often than not, he meets it with another question ine governor s quest for cold and accurate Information led to men tion of tne so - called brain trust recently assembled in Washington by the G.O.P. Professors, it appears, would have place on the bridge if Governor Landon were the skipper in But brain trusts are not worrying the man who was nominated last be the Republican candi date for President. Social security, the problems of laboring men and ana monetary control, are more directly before him.. It is in attacking those problems that he emphasizes the American Way, ijook oeiore you leap," is a copy - k maxim that might properly set down as a Landon motto. But that caution does not apply to campaign methods. The strategy estaiDiisnea last week when Gov ernor Landon telegraphed his own interpretation of the Republican piaHorm, in tnree vital planks, to the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, will be carried into the Presidential campaign. From a combination of the Governor's' public and private utterances, the writer draws the conclusion that there - will be few subtleties in the sunflower campaign lor the White House. "What the hell does he mean?" was Sen. William E. Borah's question upon reading Gov. Landon's interpretation and extension of the money plank of the Republican platform. The plank pledged a stable currency, balanced budget and restoration to congTess of authority, now lodged with the Presi dent, who may still reduce the gold content of the dollar by almost - 10 cents. Lashed by Borah and other silver men from the west, the Republican platform makers avoided mention of the gold standard Gov. Landon's telegram, read to tne convention before he was nomi nated, said that a requisite of sound and stable currency" Is a currency expressed in terms of gold and con vertible into gold." But the Governor explained that the gold standard could not be restored "until and unless It can be none witnout penalizing our Democratic economy and without injury to our producers of, agricultural products and other raw materials." The Governor's objection to gold devaluation of the dollar is believed to be the action of Congress in assigning to the President authority to put the dollar up and down. Governor Landon believes this is a violation of the Constitutional injunction that Congress must retain and exercise the right to . coin money and regulate the value thereof. A small bet might be made that the Republican candidate for. President will face the microphone several times between now and Nov - , emoer to agree that the objectives of several new deal experiments are not omy praiseworthy but that the enort co attain them was well worth wnne. 'mere will be disagreement, uuwever, acout metnoa. Social security is typical disagreement. The Governor plans entirely ainerent approach uie proDiem. More tnan a year ago he made a speech like Mr. Roosevelt's more recent address in Balti more, advocating a longer school period for adolescents and an earlier retirement age for oldsters to reduce the competitors for the Jobs that are available. But he opposes the itooseveit, compulsory old age Insur ance law. His actuaries report that a 20 - lyear - old who begins contributing today never would regain from tne tund the sum of his contrlbl tions. So the Landon plan is for a system of grants to the states by uie leaerai government, minus com - pulsory features and without i means test for beneficiaries Hi oojects to compelling any elderly man or woman to take a Dauter's oath before enjoying security in the uiiyroaucuve years. After talking to Landon you get the idea that amendment of the constitution is less imminent than his famous telegram to the Cleveland convention may have Indicated, In that message he said the constitution should be amended if experience proved the states were unable otherwise to regulate the working conditions of women and children. Senator Borah snnrtjvt such a proposal, insisting TUESDAY, JUNE 1. 1986 piQUA - ISMg lean Revolution held their Rat; Dy luncheon over at the Bote Favorite the other noon, their speaker was the Stat Chairman for Correct Use ot the Flac and it kept the Daughters pretty busy taylng to distract the hon - dlning room ws with the crossed Rotary and wrong. and - tc - the - polntnese was the sign we saw .stuck up In the men's choir robing room of a local church: Don't Barber Shop the Amen After the Ser - Mladteage is when yea ftnd you cant sit on the floor and play cards all evening without being sorry the next morning when you attempt to be egtte as When Citisens National Bank and Trust Company Teller Buchanan left this week on his motor trip vacation west, he promised fellow bankers to that there was no .doubt of the state's authority In such matters. Now it would seem that there ls not , much difference between the Republican candidate and Borah on that question. The governor will tell you that Kansas, Massachsetts, Connecticut and California have minimum wage laws in force and that the Supdeme Court has never challenged their validity. AUSTRIA REARS WALL OF HATE AGAINST NAZIS Treason and Patriotism Separated by Line Between Nations. By RICHARD D. MCMILLAN United Press Staff Correspondent Vienna, June 15, (U.B Alarms f invasion by Hitler's mighty military machine keep the frontier zone between Austria - and Germany in a periodical state of nerves, but life along the border is nevertheless net without light diversion. Over an area stretching 250 miles, from the Swiss frontier to the edge of Czechoslovakia, armed guards who speak the same language and who fought side by side in the World War as comrades glare hatred and defiance at each other. On one side of the frontier, to Germany, followers dt Fuehrer Hitler are heroes. If they cross the border south and wave a Swastika or cry "Hell Hitler!" they bundled off to concentration camps or locked up in one of the prison in Austria. The .motorist in Germany ways flies a swastika from his to show he is a good Nazi. Bu soon as the Austrian bordei reached, if he wishes to cross, he must tear down the flag and hide it. Possession of the Nazi ii in Austria means arrest. Raising of the arm in the salute is automatic in Germany, as is the "Heil" slogan. But the absent - minded Nazi who steps on to Austria - n sou ana targets rus geo graphical position finds himself to the custody oi a gendarme gives the National - Socialist greet ing. What Is proud patriotism in Ger many is rank treason in Austria On the German side, Nazi swas tikas fly from every house. customs headquarters along the edge of the border b the words "The only greeting want Is 'Hell Hitlerl' " Austrians going into ust ignore both the flags and the Hitler salute, .unless they want to under suspicion as Nazis n they return to their homeland Like Alice's Wonderland A more bizarre frontier could only nave been aevisea in - Alice in won - derland." On fete days, or to cele brate a date in the history of National Sosiaiism in the Third Reich, an unusual abundance float In the breeze on the German side, opposite Braunau. Hitler was born In the village of Braunau. But no Nazi flag adorn6 the little house where the ruler of Germany saw the light of day, be cause Braunau is on Austrian soli If the frontier line had swerved few kilometers south at this point, Adolf Hitler would have been Ger man - born, The military and gendarmerie guard along the length of th Austro - aerman frontier is prob ably the strictest in Europe, except ing some Doroers in where the traveler often finds barbed wire barring his progress between who go to Germany are closely searched for Nazi propogon da, while Germane go through i grilling to establish the purpose of their visits to Austria. They doubly suspected if they carry much money. Nan gold is leaned in Austria. Plots Constantly Feared It may be used to pay Austrian Nazis and help them In their underground fight against the Schus - chnigg government, which proclaims National Socialism as the mortal enemy of Austria. Despite the restrictions at the frontier pasts for Germans and Austrians, thousands of workers cross from one side to the other daily to earn their livelihood. The German laborers who axe Nazi either by faith or persuasion ebaogt Us ail crar 3,000 mists and hit shirt every 5,000. They're andoaMetly a lot afferent Inside but seems to us that the majority of prominent presidential prospects at the late look almost en We always try to find foot In everything and during the freez ing winter weather wo dent hare to worry about sating too Another of life's little Ironies k the embarrassing predicament of those Always - Get - Their - Man Royal Canadian Mounted police wno wo road traay had t After they'd told as today about being able to wire a birthday greeting to California for a quarter when it costs over a dollar to. send any regular manded that we really ought to send one even whether we knew anybody out there whose birthday K was cr not. must forget about Hitler while they are at work in Austria during the day. while the Austrians who cross to Germany must try to ignore the fact that they are laborint der the sign of the swastika. All anions the Austrian side of the border, watchfulness is motto. The Austrian government keeps aim, because it professes it never knows what to expect from the Nazi Reich. Soy - glasses scan the fields and valleys and mountains for signs oi military act vtv in Germany or for a trace of the almost mythical Austrian Legion. 5,000 and 8.000. are Austrian Nazis who fled to Germany and banded themselves together pledged to fight for the Nazlflcation of their native centratod just beyond the border ready, so it ls said, for una tune time to march south to beta to achieve tl NEW JORS AWAIT TRAINED WOMEN niisDurgn, iu.pj Tne average American woman, is drifting further from her traditional place in the kitchen, according to a survey made by Quax, an honorary scientific fraternity for women at the Univer sity of Pittsburgh. The - scientific co - eds oame to their conclusions while studying prot: encountered in a quest oi employment. Their detailed survey represented an effort to clarify and classify the many - sided difficulties in job - seeking and their relation ship with the university graduate. Interviews, letters, and phono, calls to and from a thousand personnel directors of business organ - revealed that many positions are waiting for trained women. Opportunities are available, it was found, in a wide variety of business, educational arid scientific spheres. Almost every Drancn of city, i and federal departments Indicated that women especially those train - The many possibllitlei almost every phase of activity ex cept that centered by the kitchen. The fate of the family's meals, it was strongly indicated, is facing nigniy uncertain times. aTw The future ls struggling with the past these days. The world ls trying to make up its mind whe - to cling to tne old system of anarchic nationalism, with its acceptance of war as an instrument of policy, pr to turn to a new order based on the concept ot an orderly world community in which rea - and justice are substituted for the rule of might. It is m this way that James T. Shotwell, professor of history at Columbia University, views the international situation in his thoughtful new book, "On ths Rim of the Abyss" (Macmillan). Now the League of Nations has taken many a bad knock in the last few years, and Professor Shotwell as much very frankly; but he does not, for that reason, leap conclusion tnat tne league s usefulness is gone and that we must return to the old rule of tooth and iw. For the league, he says, ean and must be salvaged. It must, for the reason that war does not pay any longer; there has to be a way for nations to settle their disputes peacefully. The league is the handiest instru - ent; with all its defects it can be made to work. How? Revise the league, ha urges, with the Pact of Paris as base; make regionalism the key note to security, provide for close cooperation of the league with non - member nations, cease identifying "Justice" with the status quo, make the whole arrangement flexible, so treaties and boundaries can be ad - Justed to a constantly changing world. Along such lines, he believes, the league can be made to emerge, not organisation to "enforce" peace, but as one to attain and pro - serve peace by negotiation and confer sacs.