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Daily News from New York, New York • 3

Publication:
Daily Newsi
Location:
New York, New York
Issue Date:
Page:
3
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

DAILY NEWS, MONDAY. AUGUST 14, 1061 M. BAN fn) Ml hWBuS FH TEST OF WORK IJy RUSS MIALEY Berlin, Monday, Aug. 14 (Special East Berlin was an island of tension today after Communist forces had drawn the Iron Curtain across thp rtt) Some Still Make It West eee By MICHAEL O'NEILL Washington, Aug. 13 (NEWS Bureau).

Secretary of State Husk charged today that East Germany's clampdown on refugee travel between East and West Berlin constituted a flagrant violation of the Big Four agreement on Berlin. He declared in a statement, approved by President Kennedy, that the Communist action would be the "subject of vigorous protest through appropriate channels." The State Department said the Ac-- i This man, his wife and two daughters were among the last to escape Kast Berlin. They climbed a barbed wire fence in defiance of East Carman police. Some 800 others also crossed the barricade. early borders of this divided city.

In the Soviet-dominated zone steel-helmeted troops and armored cars braced for possible violence on the first working day since the Reds barred an estimated I 53,000 East Cerliners from groin' to their jobs in West, Berii. I Late last night some 30.000 West Berliners gathered before the Brandenburg Gate, chief di- vidint point between the East and West. They held aloft flaming torches to demonstrate solidarity with their fellow German living under Communist rule. Meanwhile, tensions grew at the 13 border crossings along the border sealed off to stem the flood of refugees from i East to West. West Berliners caa enter East Berlin, but East Berliners cannot go to West Berlin without a i special pass.

Water Cannon Heady East German troaps manning i machine-gun nests jostled armed members of the Workers' Militia. elbow to elbow, stretched 200 yards across the huge Brandenburg Gate. An armored truck aiming a water cannon sat in the middle of the gate. East Berlin was a powder keg, with crowds seething toward revolt despite streets swarming with tanks and armed troops, after the Communists placed a bribed wire curtain across the border before dawn yesterday morning, closing the escape hatch to the West. With darkness last night, how ever, the crowds began breaking up on both sides, helping relieve fear of an immediate blowup.

10.000 Keep Vigil East German soldiers and police drove the crowds back on their side three blocks from the gate. In West Berlin, the cops barred parking within a half-mile of the gate and roped in the crowd. Ten thousand West Berliners stayed on to a late hour, facing the gate 60 yards away. They booed, whistled and yelled "Away with Ulbricht" (East German Communist boss Walter Ulbricht). They chanted ''Berlin stays free," until the militia withdrew.

Earlier, the Vopo3 people's po- Continued on page 4, col. 2) Willy Tel! 0MB: 17 7 on if U.S. military command in Berlin i would relay a formal protest to the Russians within 24 hours. Department officials immeJi- ately began consultations with British and French officials here on the finding of an Allied re- sponse to the East German action, i The West Germans also will consulted A Foreign Office statement in London tonight lined Britain solidly on the side of the U. S.

in blasting the Red creckdown. In an unusually quick reaction to the crackdown on refuire travel. Rusk declared that "the severe measures" were a reaction not to Western propaganda but the failure of Communism i' East Germany." 'ites leaders" Dilemma "These failures hav created great pressures on the Communist leaders," he said, "who in turn are trying to solve their own problems by the dangerous course cf threats against freed and safety of West Berlin." The resulting tension. Rusk said, has stimulated the flights of the refugees. And now, he charged.

Communist authorities are "denying trie rigrit ot mdivi-l- uals to elect a world of free! choice rather than a world of co- ercion. "The pretense that Communism desires only peaceful competition is exposed," Rusk said. "The refugees, more than half of whom are less than "5 years of age, have voted with their feet on whether Communism is the wave of the future." Violates 4-Power Treaty The Secretary charged that the ion of the four-power Utu9 of travel restrictions were a viola- JFK Briefed On Berlin Br GWKN GIBSON Of The News Washington Bureau Hyannisport. Aug. 1'resident Kennedy received an intelligence briefing today on the worsening Berlin crisis but refused to comment.

The President huddled with his top military aid, Maj. (Jen. Chester V. Clifton, who flew in frum Washington. Later Kennedy approveH Secretary of State Rusk's statement in Wahington attacking be East German clampdown in Berlin.

Tomorrow in Washington be will meet U.S. Ambassador to Russia Llewellyn Thompson, who is returning to Moscow early next week. Presumably the President wants to discuss strategy with tp aids before sneaking out on the latest Communist actions. by the U. Russia, Britain anj said that under the the Britain and ranee are supposed 10 exercise just as much control in East Berlin as the Russians or East Ger- r.ian Communists.

Technically, they could resort to force op-ose any crackdown on travel. Military Action Nu However, officials said that as long as the Conununist restrictions were limited onjy to Germans from East Germany, the Allies woultl retrain Irom any military action at this time, whJ wre most the pos- Berlin, Auy. 13 (Special). West Berlin Mayor Willy Brandt and West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer today urged East Germans and East Berliners to remain amc (East German) Soviet zone and in East Berlin," Adenauer said. "They are and remain our German brothers and sisters.

The federal government holds immovably fast to the aim of German unity in freedom." Calls It Illegal Brandt assured the East Ger- I mans: "You cannot 5m held in slaverv forever." He called the action illegil. a "declaration bankniptcy East German action illegil. in- of the Communist calm and not to revolt. Brandt asked the Western commandants in Berlin to urge their governments to take "energetic measures" to force the cancellation of Kast Germany's border closedown. In Bonn.

Adenauer appealed for calm. He said "the necessary measures" will be taken bv the Allies. Calm Determination In a recorded broadcast also beamed to the Eastern sector I statu. ii is ljict ui-uiaiiu of the hour to resist the challenge from the East with determination but calmness and not to undertake anything that could only worsen the situation. "We remain, as before, closely bound to the Germans in the i I regime.

He charged that the Commu- nist East German regime has created a sort of state frontier through the middle of Berlin and erected "the wall of a concentra- rvernn ana a nagram vioianon oi foncerned bout tion camn. th fh Khutft.iwn Brandt presided over a two- throughout the city. would uuch off an explosion I hour emergency session of the note that Tree travel w.jthin the r.st of East Germanv. XX S- I 1 I fc west lieriin city government ana in r.si b.io where even the threat of a cutoff 3fa then conferred with the U.S., guarantee under an agreement I I British and French commandants. signed at Paris on June 'M, Continue on pog 4.

col. 1 BRANDENBURG! tl' fh J' I 11--. iVh' ii ISs Berlin i JLJ piatt col IS ft V' i -r- -sSjl PLATZ 1 lO Ot -Ck t.VKVVM map ly itll Arlil 1U oi Comrnuniit meal-off included Brandenburg Cat; cap hatch to the Wett. Heavy broken tine trace Eaet-Wmtt border. rpi Wet Berliners crowd to barrier to Jeer Kat Germ a a aoldiern patrolling feaee..

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