The Courier News from ,  on November 18, 1947 · Page 1
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The Courier News from , · Page 1

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Tuesday, November 18, 1947
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VOL. XLIV—NO. 203 BLYTHEVILEE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OK NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI Blythcvllle Courier Blythevllle Dally Newi Mississippi Vnllev Leader BlylhevUl* Herald BIA'THICVILLK, ARKANSAS, TUKSDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1947 FOUUTEBN PAGES SINGLH COPIES FIYB CBNTB 5,000 Commies In Italy Attack ^Police Barracks Leader Declares Revolutionary Steps May Follow Election ROME, Nov. 18. <U.P.) — Communist-led rioting broke out afresh in Italy today when a mob of 5,000 attack ed police barracks in Cora to in the Puglia region, and were repulsed by police gun fire. The nc\v outbreak in more than two weeks of political disorders came as Palmiro Togliatti, Communist leader was quoted as hinting at '"revolutionary action" if the party is defeated in national elections scheduled for next March. Premier Aleide de Gasperi li'ad . moved to enlarge his Christian Dem' ocratlc government to include Ce- neter and Leftist parties, excepting the Communists. "The question can be put In the following terms: If we win the elections, our prospects will be pacific. Otherwise we wilt evidently pass lo revolutionary action," TogllatU was quoted as sayinf last night. "This method of putting the question is absolutely abstract in al! senses and does not take into consideration the general development of our action," he was said to have added, The Communists were expected to ignore Premier de Gnsperi's appeal last night for them to stop serving foreign interests and save Italy from,the "spectre of civil war." Leftist newspapers described his speech today as "H struggle to reconquer the world for Christ." While de Gasperi appealed to the Communists last night in.a spcrcl at Naples, Leftists were engaged in new, widespread'violence. ; At Jeast 17 persons were Injured,'Six of them were Uomo Qualuiique Party mem- ,feers t beaten up at Spllsimberto, nea: llUlan y Milan was packed with thousand: £JH$Ppfi, more than _nt any timi Negro at Wilson Crushed Under Tons of Soybeans Tho body of Willie King, 25- ear-o!d Wilson Negro, was found i a soybean storage house at the Wilson Soybean Mill last night sfter approximately 500 tons of Deans were removed in a 40-hour search for the worker. R. A. Pratt, plant superintendent, said today that King fell Into & large depression in the bean pile Saturday night. What caused his fall is still unknown, he said A companion, clarence Dyson, Negro, summoned help at King's request. When help arrived the body was covered and removal of the 500 tons of beans was required to locate King, who was found 35 feet below the surface of the pile. Dj'son, excited by (lie incident, as yet lo give a coherent account f what happened, Mr. Pratt said. <ing apparently made no effort to et out of the pit other than lo sk Dyson lo seek help, $c said. Several empty box cars were ailed into service to -hold the a removed from- the storage louse In the search for Ihe Negro. To Slap Ceiling on Wages and Return to OPA By I.VI.K a WILSON UnlU'il tVf*s Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, Nov. 18. (U.P.)—Republican congressional lenders banged the door shut todny ngninsl President Trunitin'a emergency request for wage-price ceilings and rationing of scarce food and clothing. Some tartly charged him with playing politic* in Missco Farmers House Leader . _ peditlon." Thls^asthe 14th the Communist campaign. Cancer Society To Get $1400 Of Chest Funds J.S. Seamen Join rrench Strikers Crew of Merchant Vessel Issues Blast At Marshall Plan Prom the 1947-48 Community Cheat funds, $1,400 will go to ai'l the fight against cancer and care for indigent cancer patients. Mrs. Gilbert D. Hammock Jr., com m and er of the Nort h Mississippi County American Cancer Society, said today that this money will be used in the making of dressings, for the Society's local "Loan Cupboard," transportnlion of indig- • ent patienUs to hospitals and for narcotics. Sonic of the money also wilt go * for advertisements in newspapers ] to educate the public on cancer, she said. The Chest drive, today beginning its third week, seeks contributions -*• to meet a budget of $23 r 780 which ^1 Vill be used to maintain 20 Blythe- villc civic, youth and welfare agencies. Drive officials reported today th^t contributions to date total $6,GT7.25j Since Friday, $2,200 In additional contributions have been reported. In explaining use of Chest funds by the Cancer Society, Mrs. Hammock pointed out that dressings for bed patients cost "from S4D ',o $50 a month. Medicine, dressings, and narcotics for treatment are expensive, she said, but are "absolutely necessary." One-third of last year's cancer (leaths could have been preventcd by an early diagnosis, Mrs. Hammock said. PARIS, Nov. 18. (UP) — The American crew of a U. 8. merchant vessel joined tb c praraly^lng 7ommunLst-bred strike of French ;eamen an<l dock workers at Marseille today and took advantage of .he occasion to issue a blast at the 'irnpcralist Marshall plan" and the Taft-Hartley labor act. As the Americans joined the strike in France's "red capital," Premier Paul Ramadier stepped up liis search for a stronger cabinet to stop the Com in imfst - inspired crisis of agitation and strike and informed sources said a new midd -of-the-road government woiild be in office by the end of this week. The ! Americans who .struck at Marseille are members of th e National Maritime Union (CIO). The.\ cabled their president, Joe Curran who i.s anti-Communist, that the French government had threatened to use force against the strikers "with danger to the security and life of crew members of the NMU." Clll! ' lil1 Lo inform the membership of their .ship the American on was the Henry GObeifcJDntin. They also issued a statement, telling their French colleagues that they had walked out "because American workers are carrying on , . the same fight us the French pco- t m ' pie against anti-labor legislation Ml such as the Taft-Hartley law, the ' cost of living and bad housing." "We aho support your courageous fight ngainst- the Imperialist Marshall plan because we believe each nation has the right to its own form of democracy," the statement said. The communist-led strike in Marseille started last Thursday. The day before, a Communist mob invaded the city hall and beat up the mayor, a supporter of Gen. General's Stooge Bares Big Deals Air Force Officer Draws Aviation Firm Head's Salary . WASHINGTON, Nov. 18. (UP) — Senate investigators were told today that a wartime subcontracting firm promoted secretly by retired MaJ. Gen. Bennett E. Meyers footed a $10.000 bill for redecorating his Fwank Washington apartment and paid him $2000 a month. B. H. Lnmarre. president of the Aviation Electric Corp., VavKlalia, O., said the redecorating Job was charged off first as a sales expense of the firm, which Meyers secretly "owned" and promoted as a subcontractor of airplane equipment. After accountants questioned the charge. Lamarre said, K was listed as part of his (Lamarre's "book" salary of $31,000 in 1941. Lamarre testified yesterday that lie made out an income tax return showing u ; $31,COO salary, but that he actually | made only about $3030 a year as president of the firm and Umt tho rest went to Meyers. Mayers \vas a key procurement officer in the Army Air Forces ilui-inc the war. Lamarre also testified that the S2000 a month he said was paid to Meyers in 1941 never showed on the firm's books as such. Instead, he saisi, half of it was listed as Lamarre's -salary and the other half as entertainment and travel expenses. Besides the $2000 a month, La- inarre said that in 1941 the firm pain off its total indebtedness to Meyers of $39,482, | which included $1172 interest. His testimony about the expensive redecorating job was substantiated by Miss Nita Davis, now a San Francisco decorator. She said Meyers requested the expensive redecorating job because "important people would be visiting the apartment and he wanted it nice." Miss Davis said the bill was addressed" to Meyers and the clvicks in payment—usually delivered personally by Meyers—came from Aviation Electric Corp. Lamarre .and Miss Davis testified as the Senate War Investiga'.- .g Committee delved further into Beyers' connections with Aviation Electric, which got $1,053.000 in subcontracting business from the Bell Aircraft Co., on Meyers'" recommendation as procurement officer. Miss Davis was asked if Meyers told her the Aviation Electric Cor]), would be using the apartment—in Washington's hotel 2400—for business reasons. "That's right," she replied. Lamarre's testimony showed that despite a federal statute which prohibits government officials from having a financial interest in a firm with which the government is doing business, Meyers collected more than SGO,- 000 from Aviation Electric in 1041. Meyers' income tax returns are strikers hav e threatened to take, action. France's middle-of-tlic-road government is taking part in the Marshall plan, which the Communists are trying to wreck. Informed sources said the non- government Ramadier Is forming would retain Hamadicr as premier, but bring in the aged and ailing Leon Blum- Although Blum was a Socialist leader, his record as a public servant is so long and spotless that most Frenchmen now regard him as above politics. Big Four Ministers ! fall to Agree on Agenda LONDON, Nov. 18. (UP) Deputies of the btg four foreign mli»- kisters. unable to agree on an ngcn- •*da for their bosses' meeting Nov. 25, decided today to submit two draft agendas, one acceptable to Britain, France nnd the United States, the other to Russia Today's decision, according lo an American spokesman, leaves th e deputies with "nothing further to do except draft their report o! the ministers, unless the Russians decide on a last, minute change of policy." Soviet Deputy A. A. Smirnov, who would not agree to inclusion of the American-proposed 40-year pact to block any future German aggression, said he thought details of the Germnn peace treaty should be left entirely to the ministers themselves. Inventory of U. S. Goods to Prevent 'Short Changing' WASHINGTON 7 . Nov. 18. (UP) — The Senate Appropriations Committee decided today to take inventory of u. S. food supplies and crop prospecLs lo avoid "short changing" the American people while providing aid to Europe. "We're not going to be stampeded into action before we know where we're going," said Chairman Styles Bridges, .n. N. H. He said that the committee had decided to ask federal department for an Immediate breakdown of the funds asked to carry out the $597000.000 emergency aid program and the program lo Increase Army spending in occupied areas by $500.000.000. The decision to lake an inventory was made at the first committee session since K-s members returned from a six-week European tour. They made an on-the-spot survey of conditions there. Bridges emphasized that the decision should not be Interpreted as hostility to the foreign aid program but was merely an attempt to develop a "sound approach." liis anti-inflation message to Countess. Sen. Robert A. Tntli R-. O., com-* mandcd the GOP opposition. In a radio address last nig lit he said the proposed controls would choice production nurl paralyse private Initiative here. He accused the President ol resorting to ix>l!ee state methods* Under the 'Human control \vu would have none or little surplus for European aid, Tuft argued. "\\K sluiul ut the croasruad* today hclwt'eu a fre« AmerUa tturt .a planned economy," Tuft said, churning Mr. Truman with try- Jnjf to suRar coat his planning program. "He wunts price controls against the producer ," Tntt continued, "wage controls against the working man, rationing against the housewife nnd the restaurant, every kind of control over the businessman. Tl i is is OPA. Tl i i.s Is the pottcc state condemned by the President himself only a month ago. Tills is the end to economic freedom." Tail propased to substitute for the Truman anti-Inflation plnit the following: 1. Reduce government expenditures, 2. Hectare taxes. 3. Limit exports. 4. Substantially reduce Mnrshull plan appropriations for European aid. 5. Control expansion of private credit. On exports and private credit control ThfL nnd Mr. Truman do :iot .seem far apart but oti till othev [Mints they hit head-on. Congressional Rcpublicnns substantially Inert up with Taft although fio'me freshman senators have been playing with the idea of rationing without other controls. Thus the presidential campaign battle of 1048 has begun on the cost of living front. Mr. Truman found little or no su i> port amiHip IMS si ness spokesmen for bis ant I-In flat Ion pro- Knim, The U, S. Chamber of Commerce said more and more production was the solution to European aid and high, prices at home —"and we wop'I get that production if we tic our own handi with a renewal of government controls." The National Association of Manufacturers voiced similar sentiment. Leaders of organized labor wllh held immediate comment. Many 1 bor leaders esDe-^alls 1 in the C^I 7iave ; 'iir^ii~*teii»L) i uili I i *,v retur? to price control and rationing, Bui Mr. Truman went beyond that to prop ose wn ge con t rol—rsoi ne thins labor does not like. AFL resident William Gr«.'ii was scheduled to present his reaction to tlie President's program in a speech tonight. CIO President, Philip Murray promised n statement as aoon 'as he completed a study of M r. Trum an's p ro pos a Is. In Congress, Republican lea tiers said on and off the record that -price-rationing controls had no chance at this session. They hinted Mr. Truman was well aware that his program went fnr beyom! any likHhood of enactment anc :hrit it was sent to Congress in part for political effect. • : But Republicans privately conceded the President had caught them oft balance with his surprise request for almost all-out return Lo war-time regulation. For the'mom- ent, at least, the President has the 1 oper- political advantage. The Republicans are groping for a substitute program with vote-appeal. , May Hurt Marshall Flan Some GOP leaders believe tho President's request for controls of domestic economy has Jeopardized the long range Marshall pfan to aid Europe. If such controls are necessary to enable the United States to find ,$16,OCO,000,ODO to $20.000,000,000 to aid JSurope, some Republicans would favor drastically reducing the extent of aid to assure avoidance, of rationing and wage- price ceilings. Ot the 10-points in Mr. Truman's anti-inflation program, it appeared that four might be approved without difficulty, four were doubtful or uncertain and two were lost. Reasonably sure of approval were; I. Restoration of consumer credit controls and restraint on creation See REPUBLICANS on Page 14 Mclaughlin Jury Judge Announces New Jury Needed For Impartial Trial BY \VII.HUR JOHNSON (Unltrd frn* Staff Cnrrespondi-nl) MT. IDA, Ark., Nov. 18. (UP)— Circuit Judge Maupln Gummlnes, occupying the Montgomery County Bench following an exeliruiKe of circuits with GI Judge Clyde Brown, today disqualified the regular Montgomery jury panel in the trial of Leo p. McUtugnlln on charges of bribery. Cnnnnings look his action after announcing that he wanted » "fair trinl" in the bitterly-fought legal bntllc and pointing out that the regular panel was appointed by Judge Brown. The case was Irnns- terred here last week after Mc- 'Laughlin contended he would not _ receive a fair trial in Hot Springs, j the town where he served M mayor 'lor 20 yen i a. The state, represented by militant Prosecutor Sidney S,.McMath, charge; that McLiuighlln allowed gamblers to operate in Hot Springs In exchange for poll tax receipts obtained under the "block system". In dismissing the jury, Cummlngs ;ald he was willing to take a clmncn >n a rcversable error and added ''I believe that in all Jf air ness to (he tefensc, a new Jury; should be *e- ccted." • The Judge then;suggested that he new panel be chosen by a eom- iilttce agreed upon by the detfju* and the prosecution and recessed court when defense attorney H«nry Donham asked time to confer with the ex-mayor on the proposal. Earlier this morning Proscculor McMath presented the Court with bill ol particulars which lie amended to show that po|l tax receipts were delivered directly to recipients and not to Uic defendant. McLaugh_ jajt--^ . Hi i iM r--'n'—•~C-^-"!i Charles de Gaulle. Seamen and dock workers struck almost at once and other unions joined in, until there are now 75,000 inin on strike. French soldiers unloaded the ships, , . , carrying perishable cargoes and the ' lmder 5Crutm 3 1 m the wakc of l> r «- Weather ARKANSAS—Rain today and tonight. Wednesday partly cloudy and rain In Northeast portion. No important temperature changes. vious testimony that lie Elect L.G. Nash To Head Bureau County Group Holds Annual Meeting in Court House Here Louis G. Niwtli, Blylhevillo farm implement dealer, wn« elected president of the Mississippi County Farm Hureau at the annual mcelluij In llic Circuit room of the County Court House here last night. Mr. Nash, who served the bureau a» first vlcc-preslitent last yenr, will succeed John K. Grain of WilKOi at presldenl. Other officers elected were Harold Ohlemtorf ol Oscvolu. first vice-president; E. M. Reiienolil of Ai morel, second vice-president and Godfrey White of Osccola, secretary-treasurer. Mr. Olilemiorf will succeed Mr. Nash as first vlco-presldmil. Mr. Heycnold will succeed Mr. Otilcn- dcirf us second vice-president, and Mr. White will succeed H. C. Kmin- IxmbcTgcr of Ulythevlllo who 10- slfincd after 10 years of serving the bureau as .secretary-treasurer. Gerald l>earlne, a member of llio Memphis Commercial Appeal's farui staff and an authority on the cut- ton, was the principal speaker urn led the group In a discussion o: COUHICS.S' proposed long-riuiRe running program. Kepordf on Hearing Mr. Hearing presented to tin group a copy of his tcsthuun; which he gave before the Horn: Agricultural Conmfitlec at ahcarhii In Memphis several weeks ago a which time he testified that, if Huu them cotton fanners did gfiv long-term parity prlco for cottoi synthetic substitutes would lake a alarming share of the present col ton market. . In the discussion which followci Mr. Dealing explained that sii Northern stales have passed lav, which have and will continue I hurt the cotton fanner In the of cotton products. Ho gave as a example the state or Minncsol whloh recently passed a law proli biting the re-use of cotton bags b flour millers In the Khlpplni; flour to bakers, thus opening tl way''Ior the use of a cheaper pap bag Which 1.% manufactured cxtei slvcly throughout that stale. When asked his opinion rcsardti lonR-range" parity Mr. Bearing sta ed that vyllh present, conditions sue. Jrges Speed With Aid to Europeans WASHINGTON, Nov. 18. (U.P.) — Uep, Kverett M. ii'k.ii'ii, U., ill., recently returned from Europe, told th« onso Foreign AfCairn Committee today he helieves Czecho- lovakia will fall unilor complete Communist domination vilhin four mouths. , Oirksen testified as the House and Senate foreign ommiUees speeded work on President Truman's $597,000,00 request for emergency aid to Europe. Elected 1,011 In <i. Mush licei'i delivered to tocLnughUn IIL could not be yullty of bribery. Judge dimming* overruled the request. Cummliigs climaxed yesterday's opening sessions on the first of 16 counts against Mclaughlin by overruling the demurrer and granting his request for the bill of particulars. Switch Engine, Truck Collide; 2 Persons Hurt ating the profitable aircraft equipment firm at the same time he was passing out warnlane contracts for the government as a key procurement officer. Lamarre, who was paid less than $3000 a year as president of Aviation Electric, said Meyers figured out how the salary nnd expense money should be paid. As for the salary, Lntnnrre said Meyers devised t plan of paying two salaries to him. One WHS "small" weekly salary, which actually went to Lamarre, and the $1,COO monthly Salary, which Lamarre turned over to Meyers. Lamarre .said he was tumble to carry out Meyers' expense account instructions to the letter. "He told me to take 51,000 a month travel expenses," Lamarre testified. "He said 3 should have no trouble substantiating I hat as travel expenses to the West Coast and entertainment. "But I round I couldn't set up expense accounts of that nature. The amounts charged to travel expense were never substantiated— it was just impossible for inc to travel that much or entertain that much," Senate investigators, it v,\i,s revealed, are cooperating wiln treasury officials in checking the returns filed by Meyers during the war. Two persons were Injured and two others were unhurt, late yesterclny when the truck In which they were rldtnst collided with R Diesel switch engine at the Intersection of Chlck- wba Avenue and the Cotton Belt railroad tracks. Injured were Gem SchulU of Blythevllle, driver, and a womai listed on police reporl-s only is a Mrs. Daniels of Gosncll. The ren.vt said they were taken to a physician's clintc here. Mr. Schultzz suffered injuries to both ankles and one wrist while Mrs. Daniels rccelvnti an ankle injury, according to the police report. Also in the truck but unhurt were Mrs. Schultz and Willard Ov- crton, also of Oosncll. The truck, a two and one-hilt ton Chevrolet belonging to the llucl- dleslon nnd Co. wholesale firm here, was headed West nnd the engine was traveling North. The accident occurred shortly after 6 p.m. The engine struck the truck near the front, smashing the entire front end. be opcntiiK the door for synthetic substitutes. I'rlec Supports iHscussiul And when questioned about the possibilities of Congress extending the present price support program, Mr. DC tiring replied that ho believed thai Congress would extend the program one full year following Its end Dec. 31, 10-18. Iloyd Godley of Osceola, a mumhcr of the Bureau's Resolution Committee listed seven resolutions drawn up by the committee and recommended that they he presented to tho slate convention which will be held In Little Uock Nov. 24-25. Mr. Godley presented the committee's recommendations for approval of the membership nnd the group voted that the resolutions be approved and presented at thj convention. The recommendations were: That the 11)00-101-1 base (inriod Sec FARM HUHEAU on Tncc H. New York Cotton Three Motorists Pay Penalties in Court Racial Issue May Keep/Memphians From Seeing Nation's Freedom Train Memphis, Tcnn., Nov. 18 (UP) —} Council told rccdom Train repres- The Freedom Train's scheduled stop here was off today after a statement by Mayor James .1. Plcasants, Jr., that "white and Negroes should see the train separately." Pleasimls' statement was Issued i after a meetingVilh llic Cily Council. It was followed closely by an announcement from New York by George Tuttte was fined S35 ind i Louis A. Novtns. executive vice- costs in Municipal Court yesterday on charges of driving while vr.idor Ihe influence of intoxicating liquor. He pleaded guilty. president of the American Heritage Foundation, that the Memphis stop had been cancelled. He said Plc.isant.s' plan of ex- Johnnie Coleman pleaded, guilty | hibiting the train In Memphis on a ••" segregation basis was contrary (o the foundation's established policy. Memphis and Shelby County Political Leader E. H. Crump agreed with the city council's action and to operating a car without A drivers license and was lined 55 and costs. A $30.25 bond was forfeited by S. M. Langford. who was chaiged Mar. May July ..'.... Oct Dec open 3411 3402 3308 3045 1393 high low 3433 3409 3425 3400 3325 3303 3075 3044 3412 3301 1:30 3411 3410 3305 3038 with driving with an improper Ii- said it had propbscd to handle "the cense. i maltcr wisely." "Freedom Train officials should quickly recognize the fairness of the proposition," Crump sold. "We are getting along well unless Inter- opcn high low close fercd with pebple who do not un- Nov 367 .367 366-12A 367 dcrstand our situation." Mar 366 3641 365 ' 365 Pleasanls said th« Memphis City Soybeans i entallves that everyone would given equal opportunity to see the exhibit of historical documents In Memphis. "White people could see 11 riall the time, or six and one-half hours,' he said, "and Negroes the other half, or six and one-half hours." "Because of the large Negro population In Memphis." Ills state nicnl continued, "we think the white people and the Negroes should see tlie train separately." "The good relationship between the races In Memphis has been maintained by Ihls policy and do not think it should be changed.' PleasnnU said. Novlns, in announcing the cancellation of the train's scheduled Jan 7 exhibit here, said he hoped tin mayor would reconsider and tha "the people of Memphis will stil make it possible lo exhibit this trav elling shrine of freedom In thel city." Memphis Is (he first city In Ih. nation nt which Ihe train's slop hn been, canceled because of racial scg rogation. Griswold Seeks More Authority En Aiding Greeks ATHENS, Nov. 18. (UP)—Dwlghl riswold, supervisor of American lid lo Greece, announced todaj .hat under a. new plnn U. S. mili- nry men would serve as advisci.s and Inison officers with the Gr orces fighting the guerrillas. He said MaJ. Gen. William O Livesay, ranking American officer u Greece, would uc in command ol .lie new advisory staff. "We lire not going to common: .he Greek army," Livesiiy said. "A •ioon ns we gel proper authority, w will advise It. But if we advise M allack which fails, H Is the Greeks responsibility." He said Americans would cnte combat areas ns observers of ojier alions. "The whole ot Greece is more o less a combat ftreu anyway," Iv said. Griswold said he had recom mended a broadened authority 1 weeks ngo "for the help of the sue cess of the mission." He expecte American personnel to move in "ra pidly." He .said liaison men would ex tend iis low as tile division level nil that whether they could be consul ercd in combat depended on "del (uHions." Fire Traps, Kills 31 in Big Store Additional Bodies Sought Following New Zealand Tragedy WELLINGTON, Now Zealand, Nov. IB (U1 J )—The DnllanLyne Department Store, biggest nnd most cxeliifjlvo In Chrialchurch, NcW Zea- nd, wn.s destroyed .by fire today nd police reported they had rt- overccl 31 bodies. / Authorities isnfd .they expected to nd Additional bodies In the ruh r the ancient, rambling building. Kjnployes and customers were •npped on the upper floors of the >ur-«tory building when flames ot ncler termincd origin raced through ', enveloping tlie whole structure llhin 15 minutes. Authorities sntU the (ire appareut- r started In tlio kitchen of the ore'.s faahlonablc-restaurant. Smoke nd flame billowed through Hie :orn nt the height of-the afternoon iioppiiiK rush. Those who could, fled screaming rom tho building. Panic broke t>;it t sonic places. Sonic persons leaped rom the windows and were crushed Others fell back Into the flames. Twelve persons wore reported lurncfl to death In nn elevator tailed between floors by powci IKirc. ChrLstchuroh, on South Island, he capital of Canterbury Province t is 200 miles Southwest of Welling, on.' Oongress generally appeared sym- illhelle to Mr. Truman's plea for .ulek stop-gap aid, although Re- nibllcan leaders Indicated the otiK-rango Marshall plan was leaded for trouble it It meant 'another OPA" nt lioini. Dirksen outlined for members of ho House committee his e leper- cuces on a trip through 22 Eu^f •opnm countries this Siunmer. He ilcnclcd for s|x?ody action, on. emergency aid. He was also schcd- ilccl to mnko a report on his trip to the entire House later today. "We hftve gotten to (he point where the days of soft talk are over iind we lire playinr tot keeps" he told the committee. "\\'v must net or Ue prepared t* hHve the Kremlin take over" In Kurop«_ The "cold war" k "not very cold," he said and all of Europe Is threatened by Ihe shadow of the Kremlin—"a shadow which Is aimed directly toward Uie Western Hemisphere." DlrkJiGn cnld Czechoslovakia !• under the Communist "squeeze"— a • squeeze wli.lch l.s, Intended to bring nil Europe under'control. He described that nation and Austrin as prime objectives of tho Soviet offensive. At present the C//3ch5 have a coalition government f^hlch includes communists in : key, posts, 't'lio' prime minister Is a Communist, as Is the minister ot interior, who controls the state police. Communist pressure In Czechoslovakia has Increased In : recent weeks. In Austria, Dirks™ said, "all of our military telephones are tap- >cd today." He described the difficulties of l,t. Oen. Lucius Clay, nilHary commander of the U. B. sector In Germany. "Gen t Clay Is Insulted every day, bo'th orally and In yrlting, by Gen, eokolovsky/ • hi* Russian counterpart," Dliksen skid. . ' , He accused the Russians of hat- Ing established brutal techniques to', obtain confessions for .trials of their opponents In countries be-'- hlnd tho iron curUtn. Beating a man, he aaM, 1ms been abandoned because "someone might take a picture and It will bo known.". "They, have developed a technique or Ice water enemas," h« said. ''Ask your family doctor what that means. It will make you foreswear your God, your kind and your country before they are through." There is less freedom In Europ« today than there was on V-E-Dav, DJrkscn salt]. "Freedom lias been leeched away in great measure since V-B Day," he added. American aid to Europe must be "Immediate," ho said, in order to give democratic forces resisting Communism "a faint ray of hope." Dormer Armorel Man !5;c5 in Tennessee Roy Dunlap, of Greenfield, Tcnn.,' 'ormerly of Armorel died yesterday at tlie hospital In Greenfield. He vn.s «. ' Mr. Dunlnn had lived most of Ins ife nt Armore) nnd moved to Greenfield two years iigo. He hail been 111 .several months of luckcinia. Funeral arrangements will he held in Greenfield. He is survived by Ills wife, Mrs. Lillian Oiuilap, a son, Thomas Dunlap; and Ills mother, Mrs. Ellic Dunlnp, all of Greenfield. Clarence Gumming; Breaks Collar Bone Clarence Wayne Cummlngs. 10- jear-oltl son of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Cmmnings of 213 North First Street suffciecl a broken collar bone in a football game at the Stuibury Grammar School ye.sterdny morninjj. He was taken to Walls Hospital for treatment but was returned to his home this morning where he is reported to be "doing nicely." Temperature Here Fails To Top SO-Degree Mark The mercury here during la. night dipped to the freezing j)oii for n brief period after yesterday maximum temperature marked the coldest day so far this season. A high of 50 degrees was recorded yesterday. On two previous days, the coldest till yesterday, highs of 55 were recorded. The mercury stayed at the freezing level only a short time during the early hours of the morning as no frost or other signs of a prolonged freezing spell were noticeable this morning. Rain during Ihe night brought .52 of an Inch of moisture. Jaycecs Make Final Plans For Training Institute Final plans for the Jaycce Training Institute to be held here Nov. 30 were made at a meeting o[ the Board of Directors of the Junior Chamber of Commerce at a meeting last night in the uroup's club rooms, '['he directors also heard reports of the slate board meeting in Little Rock Sunday. Tuberculosis Fund Drive Is Launched A mi.sconccption of the relationship between Lhe Tuberculosis As- .socUUon's Chfistmas Seal snlc drive nnd the Community Chest campntgn has been indicated by numerous persons here when contracted in regard to the sea] sale, Mrs. C. G. Redman, executive secretary of the Mississippi County Tuberculosis Association, said today. Contrary to Ihe opinion of a surprisingly large number of persons here, the Tuberculosis. Association i.s not one of the 20 agencies benefiting irom the Community Chest, Mrs. Redman asserted. Because of National Tuberculosis Association regulations, the county group here is not allowed to partU clpate in a Community Chest, sh* pointed out. Tlie only funds received through contribution campaigns are those obtained through the sale of Christmas Seals aud the personal solicitation drive conducted the week preceding the opening o[ the national campaign. The personal solicitation drive opened here yesterday, and a total of $-112-50 vyas collected. This aspect of the seal sale campaign is being handled by the Jayceettes, the auxiliary of the Junior Chamber of Commerce. The national drive opens next Monday, when the 1948 Christmas Seals will be put in the mails. New York Stocks 2 p.m. Stocks: A T & T 153 Amci" Tobacco G97;8 Anaconda Cop|>er 35 1. '1 Chrysler 82 If* Oen Electric 355;8 Montgomery Ward 5612 N Y Central 1358 Int Harvester 871£ North Am Aviation 8 i;* Republic Steel 27 5;8 Radio 3 Socony Vacuum 167;8 Studebaker 203:8 Standard of N J 153.8 Stassen Tells Arkansans White Collar Workers Must Get Better Deal LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Nov, 18 (UP) —Hnrold E. Stassen, candidate for the Republican presidential nomination .said today the Arncricaii white-collar worker must get a higher income K the U. S. is lo avoid depression. SUssen, on a tour ot the South, spoke to the Little Rock Young Businessmen's Association. He said Ihe birth and growth of small businesses In large numbers was essential to the long-term success of the American system.

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