The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California on May 14, 1950 · 10
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The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California · 10

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San Francisco, California
Issue Date:
Sunday, May 14, 1950
Page:
10
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'1 Von Wiegeartd Says World Events Rush to Climax Ry KAKL If. VON WIKOAND . l)n of Amfrirn Fnrrlrit f irrppndnit wruien JLxpresnly for th Hearst Newspaper! , GENEVA, May w.-worid j events are moving toward now and dramatic climaxes. J President Truman, who has i held the role of the world's most ! confirmed optimist for peace, has now confirmed that the next few months will be days of fateful decision. (History may once again repeat Itself in that the fate of peoples j and the destiny of nations more j often are determined and fixed t by folly than by clear vision and J wisdom. J President Truman is on a ram paign tour of the United States to perpetuate the Democratic Tarty administration in Wash ington; Secretary of State Dean Acheson is in Paris and London; U. N. Seerctary-Gcneral Trygvc Lie is in Moscow. The two parallel movements-efforts to find a "common basis" for negotiations with Soviet Russia and preparations for war-are reaching new peaks. RUSS ATTITUDE First echoes from the conferences and talks of the Big Three Foreign Ministers Acheson.. Bcvin and Schuman are not calculated to arouse optimism. Reports from behind the scenes in the Paris and London meetings reflect a prim determination to continue efforts toward finding some acceptable basis for peace in the face of all setbacks, but even grimmer and more determined efforts to organize and prepare for defense if war comes. Soviet Russia's attitude at the meeting -of foreign ministers' deputies in London to consider for the 253d time a peace treaty with Austria, which meeting collapsed almost immediately after it convened, together with the -Tnt shooting down of an un-"med American naval plane over the Baltic with the presumable death of ten American airmen, have thrown a dark shadow over the Paris and London meetings and talks and given them an air of sober seriousness to a degree that prevailed at no previous foreign ministers' conference. IGNORE POPE With the situation such as it is and with peace or war in delicate balance in the next few weeks or months, considerable surprise is expressed in informed European circles that the Vatican, one of the mightiest religious and moral forces in the world, apparently nas been sidetracked, pushed aside or ignored in these days of fateful decision when the destiny or the eastern and western worlds, their civilizations and cultures are being shaped anew. rope Pius Xlf, by training and long experience as a diplomat and by his natural gifts and qualifications one of the ablest diplomats in the world, is not being consulted, talked with or being kept officially informed in the twentieth century's gravest crisis, say sources close to the Vatican in Rome who are in a position to know. The Pope, who was a Vatican diplomat abroad and as secretary of slate was the Vatican's foreign minister prior to his elevation, has in his hi-jh office remained his own foreign minister by- appointing only an assistant secretary of state in the Vatican in the person of Monsisnor Montini. WITHDRAW ENVOY It is said by informed sources n Geneva that up until last December President Truman, through his former personal ambassador, Myron C. Tavlor. frequently consulted the Pope and obtained his views, and that Taylor also gave the Pope the President's views and opinions on issues of mutual interest and on international issues and affairs especially bearing on peace. In December President Truman suddenly withdrew his personal envoy to the Vatican through Taylor's resignation and closed that office What appeared to be semi-offi cial or inspired press dispatches from Washington announced that the President and the State De partment would establish an offi cial embassy in Vatican City a part of the State Department'; foreign service and that a regula American Ambasador would be appointed. Nothing has been heard of the matter since and informed sources say there is surprise i the Vatican and a feeling that proper respect' has not been shown for the Pope's high office in the manner in wnicn layior was withdrawn. It is believed that this view or feeling may have found some ex pression in the Pope's refusal to prant an audience to John J. Mc Cloy, America's High Commis sioner in Germany, on his recent visit to Rome. BELATED DEAL The refusal, it is said, was based on the diplomatic ground that the United States Govern ment has no diplomatic envoy or office accredited to the Vatican through which an official request could be made for an audience for America's High Commissioner to Germany. Pope Pius XII, say sources which should know, is for every possible effort to avert the great catastrophe of another war but is said to be no less opposed to "peace at any price," if the "price" means sacrifice of free dom and religion and abandon ment of Christian principles and of human rights At long last America, Britain and France through Acheson, Bevin and Schumann have THIS BRAND NEW PIANO (Free ddiveru in Bail Cities) hi . ..- . a.iin.uifi'j tr''iiirrMiri iSritrrf"a--TJTr" DELIVERS TO YOUR HOME AND $10 MONTHLY KEEPS IT THERE this sparklinq brand-new console-spinet. It's our famous Kohler & Chase "Centennial" model, regularly priced at $795 and now reduced to $695 during our 100th anniversary. This model and style was specially chosen for our new rent-to-buy plan for its brilliance of tone, sturdy construction and sheer classic beauty. Al'O in mahogany, walnut. OPTIONAL PRIVILEGES IN OUR NEW WW&BUr PLAN for $10 no and, $10 month for period of 12 months. nd in lonq thereafter as you wuh. NO SALES TAX OR CARRYING CHARGE DURING RENTAL PERIOD. any time with ALL PAYMENTS MADE UP TO 12 MONTHS applied on purchase price. Then tale a lonq as 3 years to pay balance. Thus you have 4 years in which to pay for your piano. The mo;t liberal terms we've ever offered piano any time after 12 months WITHOUT FURTHER OBLIGATION. (If returned sooner, there's a smalt charqe for cartage.) THIS IS THE EASIEST AND MOST LIBERAL PLAN OF NEW PIANO OWNERSHIP (THRU RENTAL1 WE HAVE EVER OFFERED IN OUR LONG HISTORY OF 100 YEARS. NOW FOR THE FIRST TIME ANYWHERE YOU MAY HAVE A PIANO OF FIRST RANK MUSICALLY, ON THE UNPRECEDENTED AND EXCLUSIVE KOHLER fc CHASE "RENT TO BUY" TERMS OF $10 NOW AND $10 A MONTH. 20-YEAR WRITTEN GUARANTEE, against musical defects caused hy faulty workmanship or material is given with every new piano purchase. RENT BUY RETURN OTHER FAMOUS HAKES NOW AVAILABLE ON "RENT-TO-BUY." Sohmer, Kranich & Bach, Estey. Hard, man, Haxelton, Andrew Kohler, Musette and Minipiano and ether styles and models in the celebrated Kohler & Chase. Prices range from $497 to $2270. reached a much belated agreement to Integrate West Germany, politically and economically, in the community of western nations. Thus, another point of my 1947 Ravello plan" has been adopted. Not that I claim the slightest credit, but I merely point out that this step was a foreseeable, logical development that had to come ,if Germany was not to gravitate into the Soviet orbit. Another point of my "Ravello plan" is being voiced by leading London newspapers which advo cate the creation of a "European foreign legion" in which a large German contingent would be 'included. The foreign ministers' agree ment on Germany and the French proposal that France and Ger many pool their iron, steel and coal interests and industries mo mentanly overshadowed every thing else even Soviet Russia in most European capitals at the week end. BOMBSHELL- French Foreign Minister Schu mann's industrial proposal came as something of a bombshell, especially to the British. It was warmlv welcomed by German Chancellor Dr. Konrad Adenauer. The far-reaching plan, if car ried out, would give Europe a heart of steel and iron. It would make Germany and France the industrial masters, in peace or in war, west of the Elbe River. Secretary Acheson reportedly is sympatneucany inciinea io ward Schuman's plan. The Brit ish, however, are mistrustful and see a danger to British industry and economy in the building up of such an iron, steel and coal ndustrial bloc on the continent. In this Franco-German project both Schuman and Adenauer are reckoning without Soviet Russia, the potential master of Europe. The big three foreign minis ters' agreement on taking west Germany into the west is one of the most important perhaps one of the most fateful decisions made since the end of the war. It comes very late. It may be TOO LATE. It was folly to wait so iong to resolve the problem, or until the situation in Europe forced consideration in the face of a looming war. GERMANS SCORE The decision of the foreign ministers of America, Britain and France was the first big victory for Adenauer and his government since the west German republic was created. In the west, it means a victory for common sense over implac able hatred which, in the end, nvariably rebounds on the haters. For the Germans, it means ful fillment of their most earnest and deepest desire and aspiration. ' It can also become Germany's grimmest tragedy, for it is con ceivable that the western foreign ministers' decision, and the exe cution of their program, can ac eclerate and precipitate sooner than expected that which the program is designed to help avert war. In the event of war, Germany will be the main continental battlefield. Committed to and allied with the West, the Russians could treat the disarmed and ut terly helpless Germans as ene mies. The "Western Union" and the 'Atlantic Pacters" could not save West Germany or the 40,000,000-odd Germans in that republic in the first rush of Red panzer divi sions now ready in East Ger many. I have talked over that aspect with Col. Gen. Franz Haider, chief of the general staff of the Ger man armies at the beginning oi World War II and with Col. Gen. Heinz Guderian, chief of the Ger man general staff at the end of that conflict. In 1937, Guderian, Germany's greatest panzer authority, wrote book on tank warfare. In the manuscript he credited Soviet Russia with 17,000 tanks at that timei The German general staff, of which Guderian was a member, biected to that figure as exag gerated, incorrect, and out of the question. Guderian agreed to reduce the figure to 10,000 in his book but nsisted that in the general staff rchjves he remain n record with the 17,000 figure. Hitler sent for him and ridiculed such a high number. On August 4, 1941, six weeks after the invasion of Russia, Hit lcr called a conference ot the leading generals of ,th German armies in the cast. Turning to Guderian, Hitler thoughtfully re marked: "Had I known that your fig-urn In 1937, that Russia had 17,000 panzer, wa correct, I might not have Marted thin war." Guderian placed the number of Russian tanks at close to 30,000 in June,, 1941. The (ierman armies invaded Russia with 3,200 tanks, Guderian told me, and added: "We never had more." SUGGESTIONS There are suggestions in some quarters that if Moscow is convinced of the inevitability and nearness of a conflict with the West, and having failed to win over the Germans to Russia owing to their obstinate resist ance to Communism, the political and military strategy of the Soviet Government and the super-general staff of the Red Army may prefer a disarmed defenseless West Germany in the role of an "enemy" through com mitments to the West, rather than as a neutral or even as an unarmed ally. Since the Russians are reckon ing on victory in the West, they would have greater freedom of action in regard to Germany in a final settlement than if it were a recognized neutral or un- dependable ally or friend. The . immediate reaction in Bonn' to the Moscow radio an nouncement that repatriation of war prisoners had been com pleted was a demand by several parties, including Kurt Schumacher's Social Democrats and Chancellor Adenauer's Christian Democrats, for a statute out lawing the Communist Party and its tellow travelers in the West German republic. The Germans ' swing easily from apathy to exaltation' and vice versa, and from one extreme! to the other, and they are capa j ble of doing inexplicable things. Exposed as defenseless West Germany is, it approaches politi cal madness and parliamentary irresponsibility to openly chal Ienge the Soviet tank divisions and motorized forces in East Germany with the proposal to pass a law outlawing the Com munist Party at this critical juncture. FRENCH DEMAND Moreover under the West Ger man' provisional constitution, no political party can be suppressed except by the "Constitutional Court," and such a court has not as yet even been set up. So there is much ado and nulla baloo about nothing. v France has demanded that the United States, in addition to nearly a billion dollars so far granted that country, shall "con tribute" the larger part of the $500,000,000 annual cost of the French war in Indo-China. Secre tary Acheson reportedly has promised to recommend a "con tribution" to President Truman and Congress. With a United States budget deficit of $7,000,000,000 in prospect and higher taxes in the offing, with more Marshall Plan aid and money' for "backward areas" which have been neglected by their own governments, with the arming of western Europe to he tune of $1,000,000,000, it may be found somewhat difficult in the face of the forthcoming congres sional elections to explain to and convince the American taxpayer why he should pay for France's war against the natives of Indo-China and to maintain the French colonial empire in southeastern Asia after the Washington administration abandoned Nationalist China to the Communists. . American taxpayers may want to know from their Senators and Congressmen whyihe 500.000.0p0 Chinese were dropped and then support provided for nationalism among the 20,000,000 natives of Indo-China for the benefit of France. NO. I GERMAN J RED ARRESTEDi FRANKFURT many), May 13. (APJ The Com munist east German government today solved the mystery of the disappearance of Kurt Mueller, long the No. 2 Communist in west Germany, by announcing his arrest. High American officials expressed belief the arrest signalled a sweeping new purge of "Tito- ists" in the west German party. They said they had information that 31,000 members of the party have deserted or been expelled since June, 1949, cutting the roll to 185,000. Soon after the Berlin press printed the announcement of the arrest, Hannover police disclosed that a girl friend of Mueller has been missing two days. Hannover Police Director Paul Brunke said he was Investigating the disap pearance of the girl, Hedwlg Fischer, an employe of Commu nist Party headquarters in that city. Social Democratic Party offi eials in Frankfurt said they be lieved Mueller, 47, was kidnaped and spirited into the eastern zone. A spokesman for the Social ist Unity (Communist) Party in Berlin declared, however, Mueller went to that city to plead his case. . The announcement said he was charged with being an "agent for a foreign power" and committing "other crimes." att 3frariarn Cxamittrr 1 4 Sunday, My 14, 1950 CCCO W. A. Magee Rites Held B'nai B'rith Elects CHICAGO, May 13. (AP) Supreme Court Justice Meier Steinbrink, Brooklyn, N. Y., today was re-elected to a fifth term as national chairman of the Anti- Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. Jefferson E. Peyser, San Francisco, was elected one of three vice chairmen. Services in Oakland for. Realty Dealer Private funeral services were held in Oakland yesterday for WIN liam Adam Magee, for many years prominent in San Francisco real estate circles, who died at his Alder Farm home in Oakland on Thursday. He was 84. A native of San Francisco, he was the son of Thomas Magee, California pioneer who founded the real estate firm" of Thomas Magee & Sons in 1867. The son headed the company for several decades. He also had served as a director of the Bankers" Invest" ment Company. Mr. Magee attended the University of California where he was a Beta Theta Pi and also a member of the E "C" and Golden Bear Societies. He eompleted his schooling at the Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey, graduating in 1888. He was a member of the Pacific Union Club and a former member of the Bohemian Club and the San Francisco Golf Club. Surviving are a son, Harry H. Magee of Piedmont; five grandchildren, Harry H. Magee Jr., Jerome Magee, Edith Grant Magee and William and John Houser, and a brother, Frederic, of Oakland. Farm Strike Threat FRESNO, May 13. (AP) Fresno County members of the National Farm Labor Union (AFL) have announced they will stay away from their jobs Monday unless growers meet the unions request for an 85 cent wage for cotton choppers. W. A. Swearington, organizer' for the . . ii. . fi.il union, said cnecKS m me ncia indicate most growers are de-. terminer to resist the union de mand. Open Mondays 8:30 A. M. to 9 P. M. Tuesday thru Saturday 8:30 A. M. to 5:45 P. M. Come to our manufacturing store Buy This $67 M1IF1L OPEN EVENINGS TILL 9 P. M. loftier Since ik I 1S50 1122 MARKET (Opposite 7th) & 79 McALLISTER OAKLAND: 2310 Brondway (near 23rd) (- UMMt lit Vlt ACOC WM Mm KvC Civ. I Yr. JQEBL 'Hariuntal Drill Stan4 METAL CARRYING CA$I 10-pc. Sl Twist Drill S.t I" Ktttry flttlMa nadir whMl rhr 4' cattail buffi na waal 4 eiriuilar waal, ww 4'' frtRO'lM whatl 4" ira arnaal. i my Spaeltl mm Aaaira Mama aV .' ILIC. DRILL Km. MO.M nlaa iv NORTON BE.KQLR 111 Mirktl SU PMUh .. M.il flman r.ll.4 Praxatlv. V4 I, far hw Ml.faaa Catalaa Llrtlni Ifi.ftM ftarfaia. I for $5450 There', comfort 8 inches deep under you on this luxurious Airflex. Look at the $ag-proof side wall with rows of ventilating eyelets . , . there's 496 of them to keep your mattress fresh inside. Choice fillings of purt springy curled horsehair and white staple cotton fleece are laid in position. Patented Airflex coil spring construction for flexibility. Innerlining keeps inerspring free from mattress filling. If we sold this mattress thru dealers it would have to be priced at $67.53 GETMORE VALUE! Buy Direct from Manufacturer Factory itrlr nnr Price If mm aoli 100 SAVK inanufaeturtnff itort thru dealera $64.50 $79.50 $15.00 54.50 67.50 13.00 44.50 55.50 -11.00 39.75 49.50 9.75 29.75 37.50 7.75 24.50 29.50 5.00 MATCHING qiso WS BOX SPRING " "S Other AIRFLEX mattresses as low as $17.50 Budget Terms Moll Orders Fi I .. Mattress and box spring sent prepaid to any railroad peint in the U. S. If, on its arrival, you are not satisfied, your money will be refunded. f Use our free parking lot adjoining sfore. Shop unhvrried in fhe orfractfve salesrooms of the Airflex plant, Market at GougiS. Two floors featuring mattrosso$,fbox$pring and other sleep equipment exclusively- McR0SKEY MATTRESS CO. 1687 market ST Opposite Gough San Francisco 3 underhill 1-4532 FREE DRIVE-IN PARKING OPEN MONDAY EVENING 'TIL 9 P. M. 1

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