The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California on November 10, 1957 · 1
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The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California · 1

San Francisco, California
Issue Date:
Sunday, November 10, 1957
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BY DR. WERNHER VON BRAUN, Top U. S. Missile Scientist BEST SUMMARY YET OF AMERICA'S PRESENT POSITION Space IKaceiiiiesitiaDBiiiS aim all Anns weirs U. S. May Catch Russ in 5 Years; New Shocks Due Research, Rocket Engine America's Urgent Needs EDITOR'S NOTE: The United States, in the words of President Eisenhower, is behind Russia in develop ment of satellites and "in some missiles in special areas," The Associated Press has obtained this exclu sive signed story with Dr. Wernher von Braun, director of the development operations division at the Army's Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Ala. Dr. von Braun was asked a series of questions relating to the military aspects of the Sputnik program and the future of space in general. Here are his answers: By DR. WERNHER VON BRAUN Copyright, 1957, by Tha Aitociated Pre: Q. How do you account for the USSR's apparent ability to outstrip the United States in reachin into space? a ine main reason is that the United States had no ballistic missile pro gram worth mentioning be- tween 1945 and 1951. These six years, during which the Russians ob viously laid the ground work for their large rocket program, are irretrievably lost. The United States went into a serious ballistic missile program only in 1951, with the decisions to weaponize the Army's JPL Corporal Rocket and to develop the Redstone. Thus our present dilemma is not due to the fact that we are DR. VON BRAUN not working hard enough now, but that we did not work hard enough during the first six to 10 years n-AAjr ' musvmn A AMERICA FIRST MS MONARCH OF M I I I f M i II I i UyJ ...................... Smc.KJO'"! ..,........., y M if '-..r..:r...C.-;--- wm mum Til Amw - If 1 rKXT 11 :3? aU THE DAILIES SUTTER 1-2424 .-CCCC SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 10. 1957 238 PAGES DAILY 10. SUNDAY 20 IN gOMI LOOALmBi OUT. BIDS CALIF.. 8UNDAT N I THEIfl SPACE DOS M after the war. Q. How long before it will be possible for the United States to launch a rocket to the moon? How long before manned space travel will be feasible? How soon might we build a space platform orbiting around the earth? A. Launch an unmanned rocket one-way to the moon: two to three years. Manned flight to an orbit and return: four to five years Construction of a manned space station could be tackled after manned orbital flight has become a rou tine. Public in for Shocks Q. Is it probable that the United States public is in for additional shocks insofar as Russian scientific progress is concerned? If so, what form do you believe these shocks will take? A. Yes, it is most likely that we are in for a few more shocks. With the powerful multi-stage rockets they must have used to launch Sputnik II, the Soviets have a definite immediate capability to fire a payload of possibly over 100 pounds on a one-way trip to the Moon. With just a trifle more speed the top stage of (See VON BRAUN, Page 14, Col. 1 ) llcprinls of ?WIicre Ami F Game Aid Toward $5,000 "Join the fun today," says Whizzer. For Examiner readers and subscribers who have put off entering the $12,500 "Where Am I?" travel game today is the big day! To help you get a good start toward the $5,000 cash prize for first place, today's Examiner reprints the first four travel photos in the "Where Am I" game, plus four new pictures. You'll find the photos, rules, award listings and handy hints on pages 10 and 11 of today's Modern Living section. Added clues for two of the new pictures appear on Page 13 of the same section. The Examiner's "Where Am I?" travel game is educational and the whole family will enjoy it. There are more than 100 cash awards in the "Where Am I?" travel game. Be sure you send in a postcard telling us of your intention to enter before Nov. 18 so you can qualify for the special $100 "promptness prize" to be given to the top ten finalists. Turn to pages 10 and 11 in today's Modern Living magazine. May Be Planning To Land Satellite By BOB CONSIDINE MOSCOW, Nov. 9 (INS The Russians tac itly indicated tonight that the little Eskimo Husky dog aboard Sputnik II is dead, but that efforts may be made to bring the body back to earth for an au topsy bearing on space travel by human beings The Soviet Union's nightly Sputnik communique for the second straight day made no mention of Laika, the most famous deg in history. It emphasized that studies made of the information re ceived from both earth satel lites so far include "charac teristics of braking action force in the upper atmosphere." This was taken as a hint that Soviet scientists had ad vance plans for the re-entry of Sputnik II into the earth's at mosphere. Warsaw Comment Warsaw Radio quoted a Mos cow source as saying the dog is alive but is being brought through the mushlike atmos phere of the earth so as to land on Russian soil. But this story was given no credence by Russian authon ties. But another report from London stated that U. S. and Japanese observers noted that Sputnik II now has apparently split in two. This suggested that the her meticallv sealed kennel in which Laika thrived for sev eral days, oblivious to the fact that she was the first creature ever to reach outer space, had been ejected. Sputnik trackers in the United States said radio sig nals from the satellite had stopped entirely Saturday. Moscow Festive The huge crowds in Mos cow's streets tonight the last night of the three-day holiday celebrating the 40th anniver sary of the Bolshevik Revolu tion would not have been greatly surprised if Laika, dead or alive, had parachuted down among them. Nothing seemed impossible to these festive people. Statistics of the Sputnik i4 I ? a ISI i:Olti: CRASH Capt. Gordon H. Brown, pilot of the Pan American Stratocruiser missing on a Pacific flight, is shown relaxing at home with his youngest child, Nancy, now 2. Brown has four other children. (See DOG, Page 20, Col. 4) 9 French Killed In Sahara Clash ALGIERS, Nov. 9. (INS) The French army reported to day that nine Foreign Legion naires were killed or missing in two clashes with Algerian rebels near Timimoun in the Sahara Desert. A communique issued by army headquarters in Algiers said the casualties were suf fered in a Legion escort that had been guarding an Algerian oil company prospecting team. TV Magazine The TV Magazine, with complete week long schedules, appears today in the center of the Modern Living section of The Examiner. Editor's Report Powerful Change Noted in Russia By WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST JR. Editor-in-Chief, Hearst Newspapers MOSCOW, Nov. 9. Here we are again in the cap ital of world Communism, occupying the same suite of rooms in the National Hotel we had nearly three years ago. In fact many other scenes remind me of our first visit to Moscow early in 1955. The red stars still glow luminously in the dusk atop the Kremlin towers and there is great bustle and activity in the square below. Traffic moves slowly along Gorki St. and I can also see the tail end of the queue lined up to visit the Lenin-Stalin mausoleum in Red Square. A loudspeaker blaring Russian folk and marching tunes outside my room has long since lost its charm. The people of Moscow are still celebrating the 40th anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution, although by the time you read this on Sunday their three-day holi day will be over. Sunday is a working day in Commu nist Russia. Yes, there are many things that remind me of our previous visit, but there are many differences, too. I hesitate to make blanket statements on the basis of few days' view but it does seem to me that the people are a little better dressed and that an enormous amount of building is going on in the Moscow area. Of one thing you can be sure. There is nothing an American can see in Moscow that would breed the slightest sense of complacency in regard to the world situation. These are people obviously fired up and bursting with pride over then nation's recent scientific sue cesses, a psychological shot in the arm calculated to improve the morale of any country which achieved hem. And while the local press prints glowing accounts of each new scientific breakthrough, the Muscovite can (See EDITOR'S REPORT, Page 16, Col. 5) W. R. HEARST JR. Oregon Beaten; Stanford Defeats USC; Bears Lose Oregon suffered its first Pacific Coast Conference defeat of the season yesterday at the hands of Washington, 13-6, and Stanford trampled USC, 35-7, to keep alive the Indians' faint hope of going to the Rose Bowl. The University of California lost, 19-21, to Oregon State and UCLA defeated Washington State 19-13 in other conference games. In other parts of the Nation it was Illinois 20, Michigan 19; Michigan State 34, Notre Dame 6; Army 39, Utah 33; Iowa 44, Minnesota 20; Ohio State 20, Purdue 7, and Navy 6, Duke 6. (See sport pages for details.) Varied Goals Lured 36 on Fateful Trip By CLANCY McQUIGG Love and business. Science and a secret mil itary mission. Reunions planned so aging grandparents migh briefly see the new gener ations. The funeral of a mother, And dream vacations, Such were the motives which brought 36 passengers together in the sleek alum inum hull of the Pan American Stratocruiser "Romance of the Skies." Although their fate and that of the crew of eight was hidden in the vast Pacific yesterday, accounts of why they were aboard the plane came from San Francisco and the cities of the Nation. Varied Reasons These, then, are the missing and their stones: Robert Alexander, 38, of Los Altos; his wife Margaret, and their children, David, 11, and Judy, 9. These were the vacationers. Alexander is Pan American co-pilot and was traveling under the privileges which the firm, like all air lines, extends to its employes The Alexanders' home is at 815 Dixon Way. Alexanders sister, Mrs. (See PASSENGERS, Page 2, Col 3) Rain Forecast For S. F. Tonight; Fair Tomorrow A moderate storm heading down the coast will bring rain to the Bay area and as far south as Merced late today the weatherman predicted last night. By late tonight, said Fore caster W. J. Denney, skies should begin clearing, making way for fair and slightly warmer weather tomorrow. Southeast storm warnings were hoisted along the coast from Point Arena to Cape Blanco last night for 30 to 45 mile an hour winds. The strong gusts will diminish to night, Denney said. Maximum Bay area tem peratures today will average about 60 degrees. The high here yesterday was 64. Hope Fades for 44 on Airliner Lost in Pacific Oil Slick, Floating Debris Hint at Air Tragedy Hope for the 44 men, women and children aboard a missing- Pan American clipper faded by the hour last night, but a massive search will begin in the mid-Pacific again at dawn today. The results of a day-long effort to find some sign of survival were summed up by the Coast Guard in the one saddening word "Negative." In fact, the only sightings that may prove meaningful pointed in the direction of tragedy for the bte double-decked plane that vanished Friday on a flight from San Francisco to Honolulu. The objects sighted could not be clearly identi fied by the air-sea search party, except that all of them were near the last known position of the four-engine Stratocruiser. One of the objects "looked like" some kind of orange material; another resembled a hatch door; and the last, and most foreboding, appeared to be an oil slick. From dawn yesterday the vast search team crisscrossed a wide ribbon of ocean, looking down until their eyes smarted. Last night, two four-engine search planes reported engine trouble themselves on the way back to Honolulu. One of the planes returned safely and the other, with one prop feathered, was being escorted back to base. The Coast Guard said it was in no danger. As darkness fell, and the weather began to worsen. with rain squalls moving into the search area, only four planes stayed on to search for lights until dawn. With each passing hour, the outlook became in creasingly cheerless. The one biggest reason for pessimism was the silence: There had been no distress signal from the four-engine Stratocruiser after the trouble began, nor any signal from the hand-cranked radio transmitters with which all life rafts are equipped. ;. or a time, there was some hope in a report that wo bobbing yellow objects, spotted by an air search plane, would turn out to be life rafts. They were discovered 80 miles southwest of the spot where the big plane radioed its final message a routine position report at 5:04 p.m. (San Francisco time) Friday. But late yesterday afternoon, the Coast Guard cuter Minnetonka steamed to the objects, only to find hey were oil cans having no connection with the miss ing Stratocruiser. The rest of the search party which numbered at Today's Index Auction News paaa ii e,i'.an Autoi Pages 8, 9, Modem Living Section Bridge Page 19, Modem Living Section Bl Page 7, Modem Living Section Business paa 6. Section 3 Herb Caen Paae I. Section 2 Crossword Purzle Page 19, Modem Living Section uocTori uiagnosis rage A2, Section 2 Dram Pages 6, 13, 16, 18, 21, 23, Pictorial Section Film Clock Paae 4. Section 3 Gardens Page 6, Modern Living Section Good Neighbor Page 13, Women Today Section Horoscope Page 19, Modern Living Section In the East Bay Page 22, Section I Marin County Page 2, Section 3 Music and Art Pages 25. 27. Pictorial Review On the Peninsula Page I, Section 3 Photography Page 12, Modem Living Section Radio Page II, In TV Magazine Kecords Pages 8-10, Pictorial Review Shipping Page 21. Section 2 Sports panes 13-20. Section 2 Suburban Theaters Page 20, Modem Living Section Television Pages 2-1 1, TV Magazine Section Vital Statistics Page 21, Section 2 Under City Hall Dom Paqe 20, Section I Want Ads Section W Weather Page 21, Section 2 ln today' Examintr, tha weakly TV Magatma will b found in tha center of tha Modern Living eection. SlIiiaDjp) lua Sam IFFamciscTtrs dPpenii Tonniioirirow Miglktj;

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