The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California on February 6, 1881 · 3
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The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California · 3

San Francisco, California
Issue Date:
Sunday, February 6, 1881
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ft ' if f t 7 ! THE DAILY EXAMINER, SAN 1 FRANCISCO : SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 6, 1881. 3 I : SAN FBANCISCO ART. Leland Stanford's Gift to Art and to Science. Mr." Maybrtdge's Inventions ef Instant rtaetegrapby Md f the Marvel- ; ens Zeeayrescepe. . . ,y -. The results of Mr. Muybridtre'a years of efforts to perfectly photograph animals of ail kinds, nan included, while in continuous and in the most rapid motion, may now be taid to be fully and moat satisfactorily complete, as is also his soogyroscope his marvelous invention for putting bis pictures again in motion, and an invention which was evolved by the necessities of the result he had determined to achieve and has achieved. Mr. Muybridsre came to California in 1865, and most of the time since and all of tbe time since 1800 he has been diligently, and at the same time studiously, engaged in photography. For several years alter i860 Mr. Muybridge made a specialty of landscape photography, and it is through his innumerable photographs, both in large pictures and in stereoscopic - sets, that a realizing; sense of the wonders of California scenery has been effected abroad. Mr. Muybridge'S' acknowledged precedence la this department of the art caused his appoint-. meat as the official photographer of the United States Government, and as such be visited all parts of the Pacific eoatt line, photographing ihe light-houses along it from Sin Diego to Cape Flattery, and incidentally photographing also all the intervening, coast scenery. Also as such Government photographer Mr. Muybridge - was dispatched to the front during the Modoc war, and the wide spread and accurate knowledge of the topography of the memorable Lava Seas and the country round-about, and of the swraonaef of the few Indians who, with she bravery at least of the classic three hundred, cCefied and fought the army of the Union, is due ebitfly to the innumerable and VAIiUASXJt riiOTOOKAPHS Then taken by him. In fact, in a swiftly progressive art each day making such rapid strides onward, and each stride more startling than the riginal discovery of the process that it was good work lor the average photographer to keep even abreast of his art, Mr. Muybridge bad obtained such undisputed pre-eminence that it wts to him that Mr. Stanford appealed . in June. 1872, when the latter had finally determined to essay a very remarkable discovery. Mr. Stanford had never been technically a painter, but he bad always been - one of those .for whom technical painters paint one of those to whom the artist whether in delioeative or in word, painting merely gives back his own unconscious sentiments. Be was also always a lover of horses as well as of pictures. When Mr. Stanford had been in the eternal fitness of things; rewarded with fabulous wealth for the splendid and romantic daring that had built a railroad across deserts, then almost un tracked, across two of the mighty mountain ranees of the world, . across a lonely land that echoed only to the dull j thunder of the tramp of the buffalo herds or tbe crack of tbe trackman's rifle repelling the attack of the savage red man a railroad that forever united the civilized world with its . dauntless vanguard on the the Pacific slope and that put San Francisco on the beaten highway of the nations then Mr. Stanford was enable! to gratify both his love of art and of horses. Of this has come a result probably more important to art than any other of the century. Mr. Stanford purchased many fast horses ; he purchased many valuable pictures ; he bought the moet elaborated works of the MOST APPROVED MODBRX SCIBimSTS Authoritatively analyzing, among other things, the motion of animals ; and he became the generous patron aiid the valued friend of the eminent artists, not alone of his own State and nation, but of Europe. The first and perhaps curious result of alternately watching the speeding of "his flyers of the turf and of reading works descriptive of the paces of the horse and looking upon pictures of the horse at speed, was that he concluded there was a diametric difference of opinion as to such movements between the hoise himself and the horse's de lineators of either science or art. And he took sides with the horse. Assuming that Mr. Stanford adopted the correct opinion, that opinion might be determined to be only an attestation of tbe exceptional keenness of Mr: Stanford's eyesight. But when it is remembered that for thousands of years no eye bad been sufficiently keen to detect the true movements of the horse in action ; when it is remembered that from the first known representation of the horse in motion, and found in tbe mural decorations of the Egypt of the past, down to the last approved picture of the same, and which is that of " The lMrby," by Herring, admitted to be almost the peer of Landseer, all artists had represented the bone at speed as stretched out in the air like a kite or a flying squirrel ; it will be admitted that the unaided eye-sight which could .detect tbe error as old as the world itself, was Itself a valuable possession. But when Mr. Stanford, in the course of his readings, came at page 161 in the recent and valuable work of Professor Marey, the great French savan, to the statement that " in the natural walking pace there are never more than ' two feet on the ground at a time," he would stand it no ' longer.- This was in 1872, at which time Mr. Stanford was a resident of Sacramento. He immediately telegraphed to Mr. Muybridge requesting the latter to visit him. This Mr. Muybridge did, when Mr. Stanford startled the photographer by stating that what Mr. Stanford desired was a rnoTOGtirn of his bomb, oocidkst, . And taken while the horse was st full speed. Jio wonder even tbe skilled Government photographer was startled, for at that date the only attempts that had ever been made to photograph objects in motion had been made only in London and in Paris, only by the most conspicuous masters of the art, and only of the most practicable street scenes. And even in these scenes in which the photograph of no objects moving faster than the ordinary walk of a man had been attempted, and in which the legs . bad not been essayed at all, the objects were taken as they moved towards the camera, in which action, owing to the laws of perspective, the continuous change of place was less noticeable. Occident was then admittedly the fastest trotter in the whole world, having recorded a mile in 2:1S. which was a faster one than even the skipping Goldsmith Maid had done. And the picture was required to be taken, not as tbe fiver should bear down on the camera, but as bis driver should shoot him at fullest speed past the lens. Mr. Muybridge therefore plainly told Mr. Stanford that such a .thing had never been heard of : that photography had not yet arrived at any such wonderful perfection as would enable it to depict a trotting horse at speed. The firm, quiet man who had, over mountains and deserts and through the malignant jeers of the world, built the railroad declared impossible, simply said: I think, if you give your attention to the sab-Sect, you will .be able to do it. and I want you to try. So the photographer had nothing to do but " try." He thought over the matter, skillfully made aU the then known combinations of chemistry and optics for ttking an instant picture, maie the trial, and succeeded in setting the first shadowy and indistinct picture of Occident at a trot. . TH1 P1CTCRS Was extremely unsatisfactory to tbe artist and he was therefore surprised when upon its exhibition to Mr. Stanford, and after that gentleman hvl long and intently scrutinized the foggy outlines of the legs, Mr. Stanford expressed unbounded satisfaction with it.- No wonder. To him the hazy outlines were the sun's written confirmation of bis theory that from the time of the first graven image to that of Rosa Bonheur there had never been tbe true representation of an animal in motion. With the picture itself, merely as a picture, Mr. Stanford was no more satisfied than was the artist, and - the latter having agreed tbat be would . concentrate his thoughts upon the evolution of some way In which photographs might be more raoidly taken, be went away. In July, 1877, Mr. Muybridge again went to Sacramento and there took another photograph of Occident at full peed on the Agricultural Park Track. That picture was a success that satisfied not only Mr. Stanford but Mr. Muybridge also. But it satisfied no person else. No picture that had ever been produced by any process had called up so instant T A STORM Or DERISION . And opprobrium. Scientists ridiculed it, anatomists scoffed at it and old turfmen jeered at it and airgreealvely maintained tbe Impossibility of a horse ever getting itself into the position rep- v resented. But the self-sustained Mr. Stanford bad gone unscathed through a more malignant tempest of Jeers than that, and had brought the coffers to shame at last. Mr. Stanford looked at tbe picture. M That is nature," be said. ' I am convinced; now I will convince others.1 The picture was a single one, taken with a single camera, and, necessarily, the horse was represented in only that one atom of time in which he be was hurled past the lens. It was an impossibility to devise any way in which a horse going at full speed should at one certain instant and at one prescribed point' be in any predetermined part of his stride. But at Mr. Stanford's suggestion Mr. Muybridge at once went to Mr. Stanford's country residence at Palo Alto, and there arranged twelve cameras to take that many photographs of a horse passing at full speed over tbe private track of the Palo Alto estate. The twelve cameras were arranged in a line and so immediately succeeding each other as to take twelve different views of tbe horse while passing all twelve of the cameras at a single stride of his gait. Oft-repeated and painstaking experiments' were made with walking, with trotting. With cantering and with running horses. Any one picture of any one of these series of twelve each of pictures was notably more perfect than the single picture obtained at Sacramento. These pictures were published, and instantly found their way all over the known world. Everywhere they created TUB raOFOUXDEST A8T0iri8HMB2ITa The least of such astonishment being created bere, where Mr. Stanford, Mr. Muybridge and the horses were known, for there is some inexplicable and invarable rule concealed in the oft-quoted text of the Scriptures, that Ha prophet is not without honor save in bis own country and among his own kindred." The pic tores created something like consternation among the learned, the scientific, and the artistic societies of Earope. Copies of the series were published lathe best illustrated papers of both America and Europe, including the Scientific American and the Iodine- pictorials of Berlin, of Paris, of Vienna, and of London. Tbe Inestimable value of the revel w tione made by Mr. Muybridge'S photogTrphs was commented on at length in the London Timet, the Illustrated London Le nature of J'arif-md other journals. Professor Marev, .member fcf tbe French Academy and autlor of the great work on Animal Mechan-awn. with the description of which M aha Ik r hniw. Vr Stanford had taker! issue, was not contest with publishing iaZ j JHcUme tbe radical rt vo ution- of his own view of animal mechanism tff cted by a view of these pictures, but he wro'e Mr. Muyhridre a letter couched m almost extravagant terms of corn pliment as to the value of the development made by the pr icess. I As an instance of how far this astonishment at tbe new revelations extended, it mav be stated that among the many letters from eminent men ia all parts of the world, and received by Mr. Muybridare, was one written in very choice Siamese by His Most ureclous MUestv the lungoi sum. ana tnat Mr. Muybridge might have the pleasure of knowing what tbe King bad said la his letter, use latter naa very tnougnuuiiy naa , fHB AMKRICAH CONSUL AT BANGKOK Inclose under cover with the letter a translation of it into English. The King of Siam is kimulf lfhiil, n . m n , v ..Vj-v.m -. V- still a skilled oue, and his unstinted commenda tions were those of an expert as well as of a King. In front of windows of bookstores ia London, in Paris and in New York, and tn which the prints of the series were exposed, crowds would congregate to com ment on the curious spectacle which had given te an - animal so well known an absolutely new signification. A lady well known as a leader of San Francisco society was one day walking along Broadway, and was Stopped . by an eager crowa in. irons 01 a window near ' the Metropolitan - Hotel. Her . ivn curiosity being aioued, she commissioned her escort to push his way to a yiew of what attracted so mueh attention. He returned to her considerably rumpled and com pressed and reported, "It's that queer picture of a hoi re taken by that iconoclastic photographer of vour own city, ana wnose maiisrn art has torn into tatters ten thousand pris-d paintiogs of horses that had hitherto been confidently sup- posea to do eicner trotting or galloping, Dut hich this ruthless gentleman has proved to be either swimming or Brine. 1 Mr. Stanford him self was in Pat is shortly after the publishing of the photographs, and was in the studio of his friend, the great artist Meissonier, who had him self seen toe prints. (sketch me nere a n vbo trotting," said Mr. Stanford. Meissonier smiled, stepped to his easel, and with a tew dextrous touches sketched a borse trotting, as all good artists have insisted upon his trotting, since the world began. TUB ARTIST BTSPFBD BACK And both be and Mr. Stanford for a moment contemplated the work. "Now," siid Mr. Stanford, " make me a sketch of that same horse in that tame stride whon he . shall havs progressed twelve inches farther on." The artist looked at Mr. Stanford, stepped slowly and thoughtfully to the easel and with some hesitation made a second sketch. He stepped back, looked at it, rubbed it out, made another, stepped back and looked at that, Three times be repeated this operation. - Then rubbing out tbe lines of the last essay he turned to Mr. Stanford and said simply, I cant do it." And yet Meissonier many years ago drew the picture of a borse that would bave irretrievably damned any other artist than himself and for which be was jeered by tbe critics without mercy. Meissonier maintained the position was correct and in 1877 California ent to Paris the certificate ot the sun that Meissonier had been correct, for one picture of the series represents a horse in very nearly the attitude represented by the greatest living painter. But as Mr. Stanford had been the only one to express satisfaction with the initial, pic ture of 1S72, so he was now the one, when everybody else said " success," to exact success far more complete. Therefore, he gave Mr. Muybridge carte blanche, with instruction to provide himself with entirely new electric and photographic apparatus the most perfect that could be made in the world, and arrange the Palo Alto track for the taking of a new and more perfect series of pictures. Mr. Muybridge then had new lenses made by the celebrated optician t'alletneyer of London. One hundred feet of the race-track A PALO ALTO. And in front of the cameras was covered with India rubber. On one side of this track a commodious shed was erected for no less than twenty-four cameras. O-pjeite the shed, on the other side of the track, was erected a background, fifteen feet high, of white canvas, and which slanted away from the track at an angle of thirty degrees. In the shed, back of the camera, was a powerful electric battery. The twenty-four cameras were arranged in line, and in front of tbe lens ot each was secured a stout, wooden shutter about twelve inches square, with flidea secured in place by a spring, the release of which would cause them to be snapped past each other by powerful India-rubber bands. On the farther side of the surface of the track was secured twe lines of wooden rails, an inch in height and eighteen inches apart, and across these rails and twelve ircbes apart were stretched wire i. Between these rails the driver steered a wheel of tbe sulky, and as the wheel passed over each wire an electric circle was completed which tripped the spring in tbe lens shutter, its slides were shot past each other, and in passing each other thev exposed for a very razor-edge of time the photographic plate to the action of tbe intense ugnc, anu in tnat naimreaatn 01 ume tne pno-tograph was secured forever. Instead of the wires, and in the case of ridden hordes, the electric currents were completed by the contact of the breast of the passing horse with threads of silk, which had been stretched taut across tbe track at the proper height from the grounds and distances from each other. In what au inconceivable atom of time any one picture of this new series of twenty-four to the stride of a racehorse at his fullest speed was taken is a matter of calcula'ion. The running ONB-MILB BACBH0B8B, Which was photographed, was going at the rate of one mile in 1:40.- This is at the rate of fifty-two feet per second. But this is the rate of the aggregate body and limbs of the horae. The ftet, considered separately, travel not only as fast as the body of the horse, but are likewise alternately thrown forwards and backwards, and the result of a series of careful calculations is that the foot of the racehorse, during certain parts of the stride, travels more than two and a half times as fast as the body, or that the toot ot the borse in this instance, during such times, was going at the rate of 130 feet in a second at the time the picture was taken. Ail thoroughly-studied and experienced photographers can tell by the scrutiny of any photograph what change of position was made by the object .- photographed during the time of such photography. A comparison of the opinions passed upon the picture of "Sallie Gardiner " shows . that her fo it was photographed while it was moving only one-quarter of an inch. As 130 feet is to one-quarter of an inch, so is one second to the time in which the photograph was taken. This was the inconceivable portion of time that ia less than the six thousandth part of a second. A recent reprint, in a San Francisco paper, of the achievement of a New York photographer who had secured a photograph ia the one - hundredth part of a second, must bave been published as a mock compliment to an artist progressing backwards at such fearful strides. Artists abandon the legendary position of the horse only slowly. One reason is the difficulty Meissonier J nimseix experienced oi reasoning irom one position of a horse known to be correct, to his position a second later, or seen from any other point. Mr. Muybridge, once in the studio of Mr. 1 erry, watched with interest the artist endeavoring to outline the picture of A CALIFORNIA COACH AND POUB. He bad Mr. Muybridge'S pictures as a guide. But these were broad side views, and he wanted a quartering view. Mr.-Muybridge hastened back to Palo Alto, arranged five cameras in a semi-circle and concentrating upon one point, galloped a borse over the point where the electric current was completed and produced a perfect picture of a hone at fullest speed, as seen from five different points of view all at the same instant of time and while, of course, the horse was in one and the same position. Now an artist with these pictures as guides call draw a horse in any position desired. Mr. Stanford was now just, half satisfied. He had the picture . of animate, going at the rate of a mile in 1:40 and at any s'x thousandth part of a second of tbe gait that he might select to view them at. Now he bade the artist to put tbe pictures themselves in motion. Again the artist aurged tbat science bad found no way of doing such a thing. It was of no avail, and for two years and a half the railioad builder and the photographer, toiled with a child's toy the zootrope as the iaitial point, and finally emerged with the aoogyro-scope, signifying generally animals tn motion. A uisc ot sine about eighteen inches in diameter has slots radiat'ng around its outer verge. On the outer verge of a similarly-sised diso of glass are the silhouettes of any one series of the photographs. The discs are placed on the pivot of a delicately-constructed machine, which revolves them in opposite directions. A very Perfect maoic lantern, constructed for the purpose, casts the pictures the size of life on a prepared screen and across which the horses walk or trot, canter or gallop, even as they do in life. This device may be said to be already perfect. By it wisdom was at last justified of her children. There across the canvas trots or gallops forever , THB TB0R0U0BBRKD B.ACBK Elf "j"? inlu"e he 18 teen on the fiercely contested track. Into the surprising attitudes of the horse in tbe photographs is at last breathed the breath of life, and the scoffs and the jeer do not cease, indeed, but they bave found other victims, and the bas reliefs of the Egyptians and tbe "spirited picture" of the Derby by Herring; even the lauded canvases of Rosa Bonheur are found to have no more truth to nature, and consequently no more real artistic value than if they had all been representations ot the mythical Unicorn. The exactness with which the motion is reproduced may be inferred by the following-When Mr. Muybride had achieved success with the soogyioscope be had one series of photographs done in silhouette on the outer rim of one glass disc, and with the apparatus hastened to Palo Alto to show the result to Mr. Stanford Across the great screen again and again galloped at full speed a delicate-limbed race mare. Mr. Stanford looked at it. " That is Phryne Lewis," said Mr. Muybridge. "You are mistaken," said Mr. Stanford; 44 1 know the gait too well. That is Florence Anderson." The artist was certain it was Phryne Lewla, Mr. Stanford was equally certain it was Florence Anderson, and it was only after investigation and the discovery that by a misunderstanding it was the Siotures ot Florence Anderson tbat had been one in silhouette that the artist was convinced ot his error. The series of pictures taken are perfect and numerous, and include those of athletes running, wrestling and turning somersaults, as well as of A BOKSB'S C0HPLBTB SKKLBTOS , Imported from New York and carefully photographed in each of the positions of a horss in trotting. Tbe soogyroscope is complete in every detail. The three magic lanterns are the moet perfect that can be made. The series of discs, already prepared are thirty, and include representations of all kinds of motions of horses, horned cattle and men. In Europe, far more than even in America, the desire of the artists and the scientiSc to see these illustrations, is intense. Under these circumstances, the rumor that Mr. Stanford and Mr. Muybridge will some time in the near future take the pictures to Europe, there to exhibit them in acceptance of urgent entreaties so to do, appears to have a probability of truth. The inestimable value of the Joint labors of Mr. i. Mr- Muynridge to the scientist in the demonstration ot animal movements and .!L?Ii ?Teatcr. 7h to artiste in elevating tho portraiture of life in motion into an entirely SSTJE SSft TOsU4ns theftoope that the completed works will soon be put on exhibition. The cir. comstanoes must have bees exceptionally felic- ZJTiZUbontmu' m" that no practical impediment could balk, and of tbe artist who. to keep pace with the demands of "?d bJ4;. hurried his art to a marvel of perfection that it is fair to believe it would not else JwT reached in another century. - SOCIETY EVENTS. EixV Weekly Compilation FashionV Festivities. of Engagements, Keeeptleas smd Dimmer Parties Mrs. Celeraaa's HsmI-eale Honors to MalaJkasuu "Everybody's getting married," remarked an enthusiastic damsel the other day, and indeed there seems to be considerable truth in the as sertion, nowadays ! Just think of the wed dings we've had, and tbe weddings we're going to bave, if promises and announcements amount to anything ! Look out for Declaration Pay," I say te those young ladies who have not already promised to "climb the hill thegither," with some one of their choice. these times are dangerous. , The marriage contagion rages, so bachelors, beware ! tor the cli max is not yet reached ; your ranks have been attacked, and one of your brave members has just fallen a victim, while others equally coura geous must soon succumb to the subtle and o'ermastering influences oT this peculiar malady. KHeAOKMBHTS. Herewith permit me to state that tbe engage ment is announced of Mr. Frederick Oppenbeim and Miss Lillie Thompkins, and that next Thursday evening their marriage is to be solemnized at the residence of the bride's mother. Bishop Kip officiating at the service. I understand that none but the most intimate friends of the contracting parties are to be present upon the occasion, and after several weeks, to be spent at the Palace. Mr. ODOenheim and bis charming bride will make tbe trip to Europe for a continental tour of some six months dura tion, m The engagement is reported of Mr. James Mills, nephew of Mr. D. O. Mills, the well- known capitalist, and Alias elle elter ot Sac ramento, i The engagement is announced of Mr. Harry M. Wilson and Miss Claire Myers. The date of the wedding has not been fixed as yet. The marriage of Miss Roach, daughter of Pay master Boach of the army, and William L. Metcalfe, a lawyer of this city, will be solemn ized at Grace Cathedral on the afternoon of March 1st. The betrothal of Mr. M. Larvin-suid Miss Bachel Asch is announced. . bDrjTEK PABTTBS. Last Wednesday evening Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Howard entertained at dinner a party of four teen at their elegant apartments in the Palace. The table decorations were very beautiful, and consisted of immense baskets of rare flowers and fragrant violets, tastefully arranged and uisuiDuteu. ine cinner caios were exquisitely painted for the occasion by an amateur artist, a friend or the ft detects. Among tne guests pres ent were Mr. and Airs. Katnborne, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Haggin, Mr. and Mrs. Baroilhet, and Air. and Mrs. Wm. Sillem. Cards of invitation to a dinner, to be given next Thursday evening at aer Home on Califor nia street, have been issued by Miss Crocker to a party of twenty-five young ladies and gentle men. To-morrow evening, at his residence. ex-Gov ernor F. F. Low will entertain at dinner King italakaua and bis suite. - - - rAETT AT TUB BAL8T0H HOtFSK. At the Ralston House list Monday evening a party, informal and exceedingly enjoyable, was given by Mrs. Spaulding. Apart from the guests who were present, the invitations were limited to young ladles and gentlemen.- The announcement that King Kalakaua and suite were momentarily expected created quite a flutter of excitement among the dancers, which did not diminish until the late hour of His Majesty's arrival. The detention happened in this manner: It seems that be who was sent to es cort tbe King thither found the uarty engaged at cards. .Disliking to interrupt, the games proceeded until almost midnight, when finally the messenger stated his errand, and the gal lant rung witn disappointment exclaimed. Let us go at once. I regret the delay, for I am here not to cultivate the gentlemen, but ice laaies The second of a series of " hops" was riven last Friday evening by the ladies of the Pre sidio, and was highly enjoyed by all present. iast Monday beinir tbe third day of tbe Chi nese New Year, the Oonsul-General of Coioa. Chen Shu Tans-, held a large reception at the Consulate, No. 017 Clay street. The decorations upon this occasion were according to the Chi nese st le, as was aiso tne Dountuul collation. The reception continued from 11 o'clock to 6 in the evening. A large number of the fashionable and prominent ladies and gentlemen of the city caueu to execange tne compliments oi the season. In the. evening the King. Kalakaua, and suite, accompaniea cy Mr. (jiaus Spreckels, paia tne uninese uonsui a mew xears can.. MRS. i" L. COLBMAB'8 MUSICALS. , The musicale at Mrs. Junes L. Coleman's last Wednesday evening was universally enjoyed. The splendid drawing-rooms, so rich with luxurious furniture, rare paintings, bric-a-brac, and exquis- liostaiuary, were stui lurtner adorned by thead- oiuon oi many ceautuui oaeKets oi rare exotics. The spacious musia room so well adapated and arranged for that purpose, contained professionals and amateurs, who rendered with admirable taste and skill the difficult programme undertaken. . It was much regretted by her friends that Mrs. Alay, wnose popularity is daily increasing as a vocalist, was unable to sing. Aside from time. Zeiss-Dennis (who admirably filled the part of prima donna) and a few others, the majority oi roe numoer wno coniriDuteu to tne entertain ment were from among our leading amateur artists. Mrs. Hall McAllister and Miss McAllis ter never sang in better voice. Miss Hyde rendered delightfully her portion of the programme. Mr. Heyman played the violin exquisitely, and the audience was enthusiastic and appreciative. Punch, lemonade and ices were served through out uie evening, anu supper served at iz. TUB T0IU5T8. Mrs. Coleman and Miss Colemin received their guests in the first drawing-rootn. Mrs. Coleman was superbly dressed in black satin. A collar of exquisite old lace finished the pointed neck and formed cuffs to the long sieeves. urnaments. diamonds, buss J wo man appeared in a becoming dress of white satin, the long train of which being cut up at regular intervals displayed a skirt of tiny ruffles. The round waist was finished with a Marie Stuart collar, handsomely embroidered in beads. Tbe half-long sleeves were finished with beads and lace. Ornaments, pearls and diamonds.: - Mrs. May wore an elegant dress of white gros grain silk, finished at the bottom with narrow rows of knife-plaited flounces. The square neck of the corsage was trimmed in exquisite lace. Sleeves of lace. - Diamonds. Mrs. Hall McAllister were a handsome Watteau dress of white silk; corsage square, back and front and elbow sleeves. Airs. Lloyd Tevis appeared in a rich black satin, adorned with a handsome passementerie composed oi jet and steel beads. Ornaments, diamonds. Mrs. Parrott wore a dress of blue and white brocade, with skirt-front of blue, covered by a net worn oi cnenm. Atiamonds. The Misses Parrott each in white, were very distingutthed-looking. Mrs. J. B. Haggin was attired in an elegant DiacK satin, witn aiamona ornaments. Mrs. Charles. Crocker in a very handsome toilet of black, richly embroidered in roses and leaves. Hair low. with diamond ornaments. Mrs. F. F. Low wore an exquisite dress of rich white satin; the skirt-front was embroidered in bouquets ot various colors in pa'est tints; the bodice cut square Hack and front, was finished with embroidery and lace. Mrs. Daniel Cook -was attired in an artistic dress of bright garnet satin, rich with embroidery of garnet and gold beads. Diamonds. - Miss McAllister was very charming in a Watteau dress of white silk. Miss Flood wore a drew of pale blue silk, with trimminira of white lace. Pearl ornaments. Miss Crocker appeared in a lovely dress of white Oriental pongee, trimmed in beaded Mrs. Hyde, in an elegant black silk, trimmed in wmte lace. ' Mrs- Camilla Martin, ecru silk, elaborately embroidered in ecru and Drown. Misa Hvde in white. Mrs. Charles Low was very handsome in white dotted muslin, with waist a Fenant. Hair alt Gree. Mrs. Buford was very attractive in a rich dress of black silk. Mrs. Captain Taylor appeared in mauve- colored siik and diamonds. ' Mrs. Colonel Withington, black aatin, embroidered in briarht roses. Miss Gwin, white silk and gold lace trim- mines, fichu and sleeves ot exquisite lace. Miss Eyre wore a dress of blue and mauve foulard. Miss Maggie Eyre, white silk, with blue trimmings. Miss Piatt, a rich black Uk dress, trimmed in Valenciennes lace. Mrs. Humphrey Moore, lemon-colored groe-grain silk, exquisitely trimmed in Spanish lace. Mra. Georve Hearst appeared in a magnifi cent dress of a pale tint of blue satin brocaded in pink roses, buds, leaves and vines. The pile pink satin skirt-front was covered with flounces of point d' Venice lace ; oiamonoa. Mrs. Hooker in pink crepe, 'elaborately trimmed in white lace; low neck and short sleeves. . - - - bokors to Hawaii's kixo. ; A splendid scene the Palace Hotel must pre sent to the new arrival on a Monday evening. with its music, its brilliantly lighted court and corridors, its handsomely costumed guests, dis- nDuxeo in groups, tn teU-a-trte or promenaae. throughout the various halls. In speaking of inis, last Monday evening, to an extremely clever and popular young woman who had but recently returned from Europe, she, with natrete, remarked, Yes, I came in on Monday and flattered myself that all this was in honor Sf."". "rival. And I haven't a doubt but that His Maiesty King Kalakaua at this moment labors under the same delusion." As to that, 'tis no matter, tor the ladies ot the Palace Hotel, in consideration of King Kalakaua's expressed desire, to witness a dance, have with pleasure and alacrity proceeded to make arrangements whereby to fully and appropriately gratify His Majesty's wish. Accordingly, to-morrow evening is set tor the occasion, aud it will be the grand endeavor, through tbe aid of music and its charms, pretty faces and sparkling eyes, graceful figures aad handsome gowns, to make it a scene not soon to be tonrotten hv eur royal visitor. Mr. Sharon magnanimously.! oners tne supper nr mm kuww, want we laaies of the house attend to all other pecuniary requirements. The 250 guests are chosen from among our leading society ladies and gentlemen. A goodly number of tbe army, navy and militia will be represented ; it is to be hoped that they will don upon this occasion the " blus and tbe gold." The various Consuls are invited, aad the whole affair is te be unmistakably fuU-dress, select and elegant. Among our citizens none will more appreciate this endeavor to entertain handsomely our visitor than those who have enjoyed, "midst the gorgeous tropical splendors of his native beath, tbe sumptuous feast together with tbe fantastic " Hula Hula" dances, and thj tweet songs oi the Hawaiian choristers. There 'la In mntmn!ation a lanre ball, to be given Mare Island some time before the 20th of Fsb- ruary. ! . GOSSIP. Mr. and Mrs. Humphrey Moore contemplate leaving the many warm friends tbey hwe established in this city for China on the 2oth in stant. In ease, bowever, tbat the portrait which Mr. Moore is now painting is not com. pleted by that time, their departure will be postponed until April. " " Miss Henning, a young lady who has been visiting the family of Rev. Dr. Piatt for the past three months, will return to her home in Ken-tnrki anwia time d urine Lhls week. Mr. end Mrs. Henry Wetherbee are at tbe T1m Hnlsl for that Winter. A reran t dinner nartv was given in Compli ment tn General Grant bv General Horace Por ter in New York city. A noticeable feature of the table decoration consisted of an elaborate niftmt nf mnfMrtlnnerv rnproaanting a fortifica tion, in the center of which was an image of uenerai urant on norseoaca, surrounuou vr staff. . . i ' We hear there's no end to the entertainments offered the charminar nartv which Mrs. John u. Fall is chaperonine at Vinrinia City, as the D-iiHfvta nf Mr Marve. - MnL.unvarnor hinkean save a Dniiana toryv to these visitors at her residence at Carson. Ko time is set for the return of this gay party. A special meeting of the Musical and literary Club was held last Friday evening at the resi dence of Dr. and M.S. W. H. Piatt, in honor of Miss Henning, who is to return to her home in hentucky shortly. vu. VOICES OF THE PRESS. OplBioas of ' Oar State I xekanges I post Prominent Subjects. I The San Jose Herald, speaking of the "burden of taxation," says : "The present Legisla ture seems inclined to omnia to and even surpass the follies and crimes of its predecessor, it such a thing be possible. Already there are three schemes on ths boards Involving tbe expenditure of at least twenty millions of dollars, be sides very liberal general appropriation bills. The debris swindle stands at the head of tbe list, and the engineers admit tbat this will cost ten millions, and when we consider how their estimates have been exceeded so far, we may safely calculate that double tbat amount will be needed before the work is finished. Then there is the proposition to spend three miUioua in tbe construction of a bulkhead around San Francisco harbor. This, counting the acet of the debris steal at seventeen Billions, will make twenty millions Of extraordinary ex penditure allowed at one session of the Legislature. There ia also the third swin dle involving tbe expenditure of two millions of dollars, known aa the con tractors Job, but as tbat will bave to be paid exclusively by the people ot San Francisco, it need not be included here. Under these circumstances, bow in tbe name of common sense are taxes to ne reduces I natner we may ex pect that they will be materially increased in the coming years. There seems to be aa utter recklessness as to the expenditure of the money oi tne taxpayers, wnicn can only be accounted for on the supposition that the Republican majority in the Legislature believe their party to be so firmly intrenched in power through their new apportionment scnemes tbat nothins can dislodge it. We warn them, however, that thev are reiyine on a Droit en reed. There Is a grow ing Impatience of legislative swindumr. a hi h. gerrymander the State as they may, will he suf- ncieui so sweep away their majorities at the next election, and place the control of the G v-ernment in all its departments in the bands of wiser anu nonester men. WHAT LOS AXOKLBS KBKDS. The Los Angeles Herald is Quite enenretie in its demands for a harbor at Wilmington. It srys : " The extreme economy shown by the Government of the United States in all appropriations relating to California is a matter ot marvel to the judicious. The French Govern- mentispent (60,000,000 on Cnerbourg.with a view oi converting a roadstead Into an artificial har bor, but, when it comes to expenditures on the racwc coast, we encounter the penny-wise and pound-foolish policy. At the bar at the mouth of Wilmington harbor tbe expenditure of half a million dollars has already resulted in a deepening of the channel which admits of the regular entrance of the steamer A neon, and the occasional entry of the Orizaba, the latter taking advantage of favorable tides, and the former Bteamwg notary in at ail times. In a lew short years we bave seen, owing to the iudicious ex penaiture or tne national moneys, tne depth on the bar at Wilmington increased from two feet at extreme low tide to twelve feet. Two nun dred thousand dollars added to the half million already expended by the Government will make the bar at the entrance ot Wilmington harbor a tning oi tne pass, as to an commercial purposes, and admit of the entrance of all vessels which can anchor in the harbor at Charleston. Let every citizen ot Los Antral es see to it that he exerts his utmost energy towards the consum mation oi this good work." PABDOB THB 8XTTLKR8. The Petaluma Courier sava : "A petition to the President of the United States for the pardon of the Mussel Slough settlers, now in jail at Santa Clara, is being circulated in this city for signers, r-very man ana woman In tnts com munity should sign this petition. The peculiar circumstances under which these settlers were convicted, the standing in the community in which they lived before conviction, the srreat hardships endured and energy displayed by tnem in trying to secure their homes, and the unionucate condition oi tneir wives and little ones, without means, their husbands and fathers in jail and homes taken away from them, makes an appeal to the sympathies of the people of California that should be irresistible. Dont wait, but go and sign it as early as possible, and bave your neighbors do likewise. Let the sympathies of the people of California be rolled on toward Washington for the pardon of these un fortunate men, like the voice of many waters. HONOR TODB FBIBaTD. The Vallejo Chronicle moralizes as follows t If you bave a friend in private 'et him be wnat ne win you are bound by Honor and tbe law of self-respect, bound by fidelity to your flag, to be his friend ia public His character may be Bbaky, but the creaking of those loose binges, which has not warned you off in the safe disguise of the night, must not make von ashamed of recognition in the day. It may be nard, but it must be done. Ke a purist, if you will, and decline companionship with men whose moral binges bang loose aad awry ; but. u you Qo loregatcer in solitude, you must not turn your back in the crowd. Yet how many people are of this two-fold kind fair and soft aa silk when no one is near; reserved, cool, re-pudiatihg their own acts of yesterday when the world stands with its tar-brush to sprinkle the companions of those whom he bas alreadv splashed.". - TOO MUCH WATBB. The Grass Valley Union, speaking about the recent flood, tays: "The experience ot tbe oldest settlers and flood-marks of perhaps a century ago to prove that the valley of the Sacramento has been subject to flood visitations that made it a great -inland sea,, where its rivers would be currents in the wide waste of water. While the filling up et the river beds on this side of the valley, by mining debris, is aa acknowledged fact, it can not in truth be charged that that filling is responsible for the water breaking the levees below and flooding a large extent of country. The miners do not control the storms, neither have they builded the lofty Sierras, which sends the contents of the storm-clouds like an avalanche upon the low country. It is weak and querulous to ascribe to human agency tbat which is alone attributable to the forces of nature, and beyond human control." - THB WHKAT mabkbt. The Woodland Democrat mentions the sub ject as follows: "Wheat is fearfully low ia price in this market unusually so in fact, it is lower than ever before. A tabulated statement, extending from 1864 to 1878, shows that tbe lowest previous price of wheat in the month of February, in San Francisco, was in 1876, when it averaeed for the month SI 60 nere ra tal. A difference between San Francisco of 90 cents for transportation would still leave $1 4a At this time tl 15 to t SO is tbe hurhest price offered. This is but little over half the price now paid in New York, where tbe telegraph quotations show tbat shipping wheat is worth two cents. This is hard on our farmers, and we know ot no way out of the dilemma. Each holder of wheat can judge best for himself whether he can afford to hold on Ion par for higher prices or not. One cause for tbe low price nere is the scarcity of shipoinr and the consequent high rates they charge. We see no prospect oi a rise, as tne Liverpool market ia on tbe down grade, and that remilates the prices the world over, less commissions and cost of carriage." - EMOTIONAL HAK0I50. The San Mateo County Journal brenmea em tiooal in the following manner: Nearly all men want to hang Wheeler, the Thug that choked his sister-in-law to death in his lap, and hid her body in a trunk. Tbe difficulty of set ting a jury in the case last week in San Fran cisco, shews how distrusted men are at last ret ting with the insanity plea, and the emotional insanity plea, this latter corresponding correctly with Beecher's paroxysmal kiss It is just these emotional, paroxysmal' cusses tbat society baa the most to fear from. The man ot cool judgment, with hie passions properly under his control, seldom or never kills another. It is your nervous, excitable, passionful, irritable, emotional, paroxysmal kind - that are being - tried every day for murder. These are the kind of men that the law should most protect society from. They are the meet dangerous; their emotions sre too fitful and sudden snd unexpected to give a man a chance to defend his) life. Schroder, tor instance, was a noted emotional mankiller. And it is for just euoh men and instances that the law, too, should become emotional" through sympathy, and convev ita emotion to the executive officer, the Sheriff, wno, in an emotional nt, Should pull the string that leaves nothing but daylight for the emotional subject to stand upon. A little emotional' -banging is about the thins- now." J 1 First er the Year. :: iVj Portland Standard, January 12. A young man named Charles Mofret, amd about SO j ears, a resident of Long creek. Grant county, killed himself on New Year's Day by blowing out bis brains with a H dairy rifle. He had been to a dance the night before, aad, re turning in tne morning, wens to aieep in tne barn of a neighbor. On the afternoon of New Year's Day he took the rifle-end started out. as he said, on a hunt. An hour or two after, his brother, learning tnat ne naa gone out with a gun, became alarmed, as he bad attempted to kill himself a short time before. A search was made, and be was found lying under a pine tree about xoo yarns irom tne nouse. tie naa placed the muzzle of the gun to his forehead and then pulled the trigger. - From a letter written in a memorandum book, it was discovered that the deed was premeditated. . It takes a country school-master for shrewdness. When tho weather is cold and the school-house imperfectly heated, ne nuts the head of tne class nearest tn stove and then all the scholars work like blazes to rank high in their studies. . The Japanese keen grasshoppers in cages as domestic pets. - - - The who is under the. weather abonld carry art raabrella, THE STAGE. A New Opera and a New Flay i - " .. Last Week. -- The CallXeratla Theater te be Jteeamed Willi a Hew CenabinaUea Mates at Ifosae amsl Abroad Etc ) If the complete and truthful hi story of a manager could be written and sufficient evidence gathered as to tbe events la a theatrical career. there is little doubt but tbat a curious al though not an infrequent fact would be deduced therefrom which bears a close resemblance to the familiar old axiom, It never rains, but it pours." A good illustration of the same might be found in the fact of tbe novelties which have been presented to us during the past week. For weeks we have dwelt upon the same plays, the same operas, the same people, the same scenery and, tn fact, a general sameness since Chnstmas has ' pervaded everything. Sud denly It is announced tbat we will have a new play, witn a new star, supported by a new com pany, new scenery, everything; new. new opera by a comparatively new composer. with new scenery, etc.. The novelties have been. received by the public with appreciative liber ality. At - CHS SxAlTOABn, "Passion's Slave" was first In tbe fl Jd and bas drawn good bouses throughout the week. The first p-t" - "4 i well attended as the attraction warranted, owing to the in clemency of the weather ; but whenever the Storm King deigned to subside in his angry reign, the pubue were quick to respond, aad hastened to welcome tbe new company, which is made up of excellent material. We nave had better com panics, far better, but they never played in "Passion's Slave," therefore a com parison would not be fair. Mr, John A. Stevens will hardly gather new laurels by his authorship of ' Passion's Slave," which la interesting enough, but will not bear too close an analyxa tion. A man like Mannel DeFoe, played by Mr. Stevens, and the hero ot the play, would be either bung or sent to a lunatic asylum in any community where tbe safety of society in general and a young woman in particular was taken into account, jaucu latitude is allowed to poets and authors, and it is a well understood fact tbat in order to present a phase of human passion in a picturesque form the colors may be tnickiy speac on tne canvas and tbe lines boldly drawn; but the ineffable harmony of nature must be retained or the entire picture becomes oiurrea ana untrue, ana wnat was meant as a forcible expression of truth becomes simply a ridiculous impossibility. Tbe subject which Mr. Stevens bas chosen is novel and exceedingly attractive, but demanded more deli-, cacyef treatment and certainly a more skilled nana tnan no Mat to it. Tne fault lies tn tbe fact tbat Mr. Stevens chose to be the star, and every other consideration was merged into this tan Wmmi'i t an .MMth- mw.A interesting play as it stands, which is mainly owing to the vigor of its subiect. The heroine is overwrought, and many of her scenes are simply absurd. The scene wherein she eon-descends to indulge in some Cheap wit at tbe expense of the fop. which after all. is tbe kind of humor beard in Joe Murphy's plays, wherein one character says something outlandish to give the Irish comedian per te, a chance to say something- smart. This kind of humor and play is known technically ss "feeding." or a "feed play." Mr. .Stevens is possessed of too much ability to condescend to that sort of thing. Throughout tbe play faults such aa have been pointed out, and others msy be detected ; but mere are equally as many gooa points, xne subject itself applied te m-dera society ia a new one, and In many instances carried out in rather an original manner. The comedy ele ment and the drama proper are not at all de pendent on one another. They might be sepa rated and two abort plays made out of the material in band. Yet tbe light and shade which ia thus offered in the play goes much toward making a popular success, which, after all, is what authors strive after. John A. Stevens, author-actor, shows an intense earnestness which certainly deserves praise ; but decidedly the best portion of Mr. Stevens' dual title is tbat of author. BrsB-BTRBBT TBBATBB. - "Nisida." the other novelty spoken ef. was presented for the first time on Wednesday last, and since then bas been decidedly improved. The numbers are now all given with spirit and a fair amount of correctness, yet much could be done to give the composition its fair musical worth. Miss Melville sings and acts as usual, with grace and discretion. She is a good musician, and sings the music with a knowledge ot the composer's meaning; but ia several of her solos sings decidedly flat, and takes too many liberties with the composer's tempo. Ia a comic opera this ia generally looked upon as pardonable when a point can be mads by sivina a word, or a phrase, or a line, a certain promi nence, in tne smoking duet tne pauses wnicn both she and Mr. Freeman make mar tbe effect of the whole. Indeed, some of the pauses last fully from ten to twelve bars without any accompani ment to fill it out. But these are minor defects, and one can easily forgive this oa bearing Miss Melville's effort just before the finale of the first act, She sings her part in full voice, sustaining the solo against the combined voices of the chorus and principals and the orchestra in nne style, equal to anything she aas ever doner in grand opera. Mr. Hatch is in better form than usual, and sings and acts with more ability than we thought he possessed. His dressing of tbe part is bad. He might take advantage of the opportunity and give us a picturesquely dressed corsair. As it la, tbe men in the cboras look tar better than be does. Mr. CasseUi is becoming more comical as tbe opera proceeds. and now presents an extremely comical person- sge in tne Shape of Barnacle, tbe impossible impreesario. The other characters nave also improved, notably Miss Muhlbacb, who dresses ana acta the character for what the author meant it to be. Tbe negro melodies aod songs and dances are comical, and are not too long. Altogether " Nisida" has made a deserved hit, It is light, tuneful, funny, and bids fair to become immensely popular. CALirOBKIA THaATBB. C B. Lewis (M. Quad) has written a play for Mr. and Mrs. Alt. Wyman, called Takie," which has met with considerable success in the Eastern cities, and will be presented bere for the first time on the 14th inst. The Wymans will be supported partly by their own combination, and the rest of tbe company will be made up of local talent now disengaged. - THB T1VOU. At last the announcement is made that Cin derella" will be withdrawn in favor of " The Bohemian GirL" Therefore, all who have not seen Rossini's opera bad better hasten and wit ness tt during the coming week, as its last per formances are positively announced.. WOO DW AID'S eAJLDKBS. The Pirates of Penzance." toretber with the thousand and one other attractions to be seen at this popular resort, drew together an immense audience yesterday afternoon. The same bill will be repeated to-day. The opera is mounted in fine style aad is sung aad acted with spirit and precision. . -' TUB BALDWIN. Harry Col ton announces a complimentary benefit to take place to-night, "The Cor-sican Brothers" will be preeeated. with the beneficiary in the dual role of Fabian and Louia IM FranchL Miss Bens Parker will make her debut aa Emilie de Lespare. James A. Meade will contribute a oomie recitation, aad Thomas Maher will appear as O'Oallaghan in the farce ot "His Last Legs." bblla rxiox. New faces are constantly beinir added te the large pcrtonnel ot this popular resort. Anew bill was presented last night which seemed to please the large audience gathered in the bouse K0TSS. The complimentary concert tendered to Henry Heyman, at which the weil-knowa artists Mrs. Marriner-OampbeU. Miss Bis-htmire. Walter Campbell, Wuhua Hlnrichs, M. Espinosa, and others will assist, will take place oa tbe 17th instant, and not oa the Sttn as previously sn- nounced. Miss Kate Hamillwill be tendered a compli mentary concert te take Place at Deshaway Hall on the 18th instant. Sienor Mhruel Eemnoaa. the monlar vnmiff pianist, will be tendered a concert oa Friday night, the 11th instant. . CUt-Chat. -Charles Backus is the latest addition to the sick-list of actors.. . Miss Genevieve Ward will make her appear ance upon the stage in Boston on February 7th. The celebrated Yokes family will return te this country in the early Spring for a short tour. Messrs. Baker and Fa iron are at the Arch- street Theater, Philadelphia, playing ia " Ins kmigrants." Miss Catharine Lewis receaUvae a success ful debut as a concert Singer ia a Sunday-night sacred concert. - The anniversary of "Hazel Kirk "was fitly celebrated at the Madison Square Theater. New York, bast Fiiday night. Mary Anderson is a devout Roman Catholic and generally arranges her seamn so that she will not have to play during int. . Salvini Is greatly fatigued after playing Othello, but his lago eats five meals the next day. The meals are sent to his room. The new burlesque, entitled "Sarah Bain-yard," is drawing crowded houses at the Eleventh-street Opera House, Philadelphia. John McCullongh will sail for Europe April 6th, accompanied by Fred B. Warde, to fill aa engagement at Drury Lane Theater, London. Mr. Lawrence Buriett will nail in June for London, accompanied by his wife, and they will be Joined by their children, who are studying in Germany. Mr. W. J. Florence and Mr. Mackay, one ot the bonanza magnates, are traveling together in Italy. Mr. Florence reappears at the Gaiety Theater, London, in the Spring. . The "One Hundred Wives" Combination open at Booth's Theater, New York, February 14th, for two weeks, and go thence to Brooklyn aad Williamsburg tor one week each. Lotta has purchased a f new play, called " Madge." It was written by a lady clerk in the Treasury Department at Washington, and the scene is laid In Virginia in the slave days. - The new production at Daly's Theater, New York, "School Days." by Mr. Woolaon Morse, which is an adaptation from the German play from which Tom Robertson took his comedy of "School." Nat Goodwin wfll probably go into management next season in New York. He contemplates having a theater in which comedietta, operetta aad farce will be the form of entertainment. Miss Litton's series of revivals of standard English plays at the London Gaiety ioc'udea Wjcherly'a "The Country Girl," Mrs. Cent-Uvre's "Busybody" and Goldsmith's "Good Natnred Man." " Drink Charles Reader celebrated adapt-lon of L'Aseommeir " was brouirbt oat at lh Standard Theater, New lock, lajt Jtjmday, with Mas Boss Eytings as GervAise, aad Mr. Cyril Searle as Coupeau. , John T. Raymond opens at the Park Theater, New York, February 7th, in bis new play by Archie Gunter. It bas been decided to call the play " Fresh." The Dramatic Jfevm adds : "A title wtuca ought to kill it." - Ristori regards herself as retired from the aage, out she delights to step on it occasionally for charitable purposes. She recently gave a representation in uologna for the benefit of "own actors ana actresses. M ss Fanny Davenport made her first appear, sace in the character of Camdle at St. Louis. Camilla will hereafter be one of the leading mthe repertory of this popular actress. Davenport is now acting; in his sister's r"J. Salvini was mist enthusiastically received in JSoston. Tbe audience tbat assembled each evening that he appeared exceeded iu every in-stanee the capacity of the theater, and a very general desire for his speedy return has been expressed. There is a report that a serious disagreement has arisen between W. 8. Gilbert snd Arthur Sullivan, and that there is little probability ot their Werkina- tomthar airain. It la d.mhtfnl whether their promised new comic opera bas Edwin Booth is said to possess a portrait of msfint wife, which is kept entwined with flowers by hie present wife, and under it is written : " From Mary oa earth to Mary in beaven." The present Mra Booth is daughter of J. H. MeVicker of Chicago. The total amount realized from the auction sale of boxes for tbe annual benefit of the Order ot Elks, which takes place at the Academy of Music, New York, on the 14th et February, is S 1,128. Sixteen boxes remain unsold, and will be disposed of in the same manner next San-day. - , Patty Oliver, a -very clever actress, and tbe original ot "Black-Eyed - Susan," is dead. Charles Mathews wrote one of the moet characteristic letters in contradicting a report of his marriage with her, saying that he was su fering at the time from an accident to his right arm, and would be the last to offer the indignity of a left-handed marriage. Plutarch's legend, upon which Tennyson's new tragedy, "The Cup" is founded, bas previously been employed on the modem stage. Ristori acted frequently in a play based upon the same story, written for bar by Moatanelli, and some critics have expressed the opinion that Oamma, the part now acted by Miss Ellen Terry, was ber best role twenty years ago. Kyrte Bellow, who came over from England to join the Union Square company, and went back in disgust because Manager Palmer d d not at once give him Mr. Thome's place as leading man, was quite seriously injured on the return voyage, by being thrown across the saloon by a heavy lurch of the steamer, and receiving; an injury to his spine, that it ia feared may, at some time, prove serioua. Edwin Byron, the "boy tragedian," s'gnal-iasd himself recently by slapping the face ot Arthur Leech, the Boston correspondent ot the New York Dramatic Anca, on Washington street, Boston, in the presence ot a large throng. The cause was tbe publication by Leech in the Hew of a paragraph styling Byron "the soiled tiagedian." Leecn took the assault without making any attempt to retaliate. The Nashville (Tenn)' correspondent ot tbe New York Mirror writes the following to that Sper : " Annie Pixley's three nights receipts Nashville exceeded Lotta's previous three nghts by over $100. On the 22 J, she waa interrupted in her performance by a gentleman in a private box, who presented her, on behalf of the citizens of Washvdle, with a beautiful gold necklace and medal. - Miss P. was surprised, bat made a pretty response, aad pro ceeded with tbe play." One of the most charming episodes in con nection with the artistic life of Errani, the once celebrated tenor, who is now teaching ia New York, and from whom so many singers ot both sexes bave derived their musical education, ia the annual receipt by bim, from his p ipili Miss Hauk, Miss Tbursby and many others wherever in the world they may be, of some souvenir expressive of their memory and love for their old master. His Christmas and New Year's mails always bring with them kind words on these pleasant anniversaries. Report says that McKee Rankin has a treas ure ia the new play by Joaquin Miller. The title of it is " 'tOT and the hero of the story is one of the Pioneers, who bas grown np with the country, but has not kept pace with advancing civilization. He is a relic ot the pnt in the California of to-day, and he is the center of in cidents which are said to be both novel and interesting. Tbe piece is in five acts, and the scenes are laid on the plains, in St. Louis and Virginia City, by the Comstock lode. There are no red shirts or bowie koi7es ia ths play. Harrigan and Hart have bought the old Globe T heater, oa Broadway, New York, which tbey will replace by a theater specially adapted to the pecu'iar form of entertainment which has so prospered under their direction. The cost to them will probably be about S33.0OO. The theater will bave a seating capacity of 1,400. It will have a very pretty and large vestibule, and all modern improvements. The cost will be tl26,OCO. Mra A. T. Stewart, who owns the property, will have a box reserved for her special benefit. The building will be ready August 1st- - Tbe following is from tbe New York Star: "C B. Baboo, who is tbe new Widow B.-dott at Haveriy's Theater, is a great improvement on Neil Burgess, who was bis predecessor. Mr. Disnop maaes a rotund, uucuuua nun w iuo irrepressible Priscilla. who is infinitely funnier than the long, lank, ascetic creature exhibited by Burgess, although the latter conforms te the New England type. Mr. Bishop, too, is a bet ter actor, ana m oy-piay ana ladai contortion aid in keeping the audience in a continual roar of laughter. This is the last week of the Widow,' and seats - are scarce before 8 o'clock every night. - A somewhat pathetic fact comes out in the course of a lawsuit between Mrs. Zlda Seguin, the sieger, and the manager of the Emma Abbott Open Company. Edward Seguin, her nusnano, was m oaa neaita, ana nis once oru-liant abilities as a singer and actor were waning last. Mrs. seguin was informed tnat nit salary was to be reduced $60 a week. Knowing that he was sensitive on the subject of his deterioration as a performer, she induced tne manager to make the reduction in ber own pay and leave bis unaltered. This was done. The controversy arose when, after his death, she cUvmed full Salary again. An extraordinary scene was witnessed in the Leicester Theater Royal on the 4th ef January. just before tbe close of tbe performance of the pantomime of "Cinderella." In the second gallery, it appears, a woman bad attracted som attention by her strange conduct, but nothing very remarkable happened until she was seen to throw ber muff over the front of the gallery on to the floor of the theater. This attracted general attention, and, to the alarm of the house, the woman was seen attempting to jump dear of the gallery herself. She caught against tne mass railing a, ana aroia sue snness ot the audience she fell over and landed with a heavy sound on the reserved stalls in the first gallery below. Tbe reserved seats On which she fell were luckily vacant. When p'eked up she was found to be seriously injured. It is stated tbat she was suffering from delirium tremens. It is stated that it was an accident which oc curred to Sothern ia Cincinnati that shaped bis career of success aa Lord Dundreary. He was olavina? in Wood's Theater, where now the Gazette building stands, about the year I860, when, in making a leap from a tower to tne play " The Romance of a Poor 1 oung Man," in which he was a star, be fell, breaking aa arm. This incident put an end to his starring career ia that place. .After be bad recovered suf ficiently to be able to travel,' ne returned to New York and sought an engagement there. After temporary connection wUh various theaters there, be became a member of Laura K cere's company in ber theater, now the Olympic. She be! just purchased of Mrs. Sils-bee. wife of Josh Silsbee. the Yankee cemedian. a play called "Oar American Cousin," which bad been written by Tom Taylor tor SDsbee. but never produced, in the casting of the play, in which Joe Jefferson was given the then principal part of Asa Trenchant, Sothern was given tbe part of Lord Dundreary. How he at first rejected tbe part, then was persuaied by Jefferson to play it, adopted the style which afterward became so famous, and, finding tbat tt took, amplified and made it the suocesi of his life, are facts well known ia bis career. Soth ern is said to have earned an annual income of $167,000 and it is added tbat be spent his money almost as rapidly as be made it. CTMTbTT cjkls. Up ia the morning early. - Just at the peep ot day. Straining the milk in tbe dairy. Turning the cows away Sweeping the floor in the kitchen. Making the beds up-etairs, . Washing the breakfast dishes, Dusting the parlor chairs. Brushing the crumbs from the pantry, ' Hunting for eggs in tbe barn. Cleaning tbe turnips for dinner. Spinning tbe stocking yarn Spreading the whitening linen -Down on the boshes below, Ransacking every meadow . Where tbe red strawberries grow. Starching the " fixings" for Sunday, Churning tbe snowy cream. Rinsing the pails aad strainer Down in the ruxniug stream-Feeding tbe geese and turkeys. Making tbe pumpkin pies. Jot ting the little one's cradle, - Driving away the flies. Grace in every motion, Maste in every tone. Beauty in form and feature. Thousands might covet to own . Cheeks that rival Spring roses, Teeth the whitest ef pearls ; One of these country maids is aorth A score of your city girls. ' " 8am Fraaelsca Art Kates. Notwithstanding the unwterntpted rainfall ot last week, the attendance at the exhibition in the gallery of the Art Association rooms on the aorth side of Pine street, between Montgomery and Kearny streets, and of Mr. Thomas Hill's great painting of " The Last Spike," was unexpectedly numerous from the beginning of the exhibition, and each day the numbers attending Increased. The exhibition, at a very general and urgent request, will be continued through this week. At niobta a naming locomotive headlight ia front of the entrance to the gallery guides tbe visitors to the sought-for place. Last Thursday night a considerable number of the San Francisco artists met in the Art Association rooms and committed the hanging ot the Sictnres for tbe Spring exhibition, to commence larch 21st next, t Mr. Julian Rix and Mr. Samuel M. Brooke. To this committee was added Mr. John K. Martin, the Assistant Secre-taiy of the association, and without whose enthusiasm and tirelesmess the affairs of the artists as a separate guild would be in a much worse way in San Francisco than they are, . Senator Allison nt Iowa is fifty-two years old. He is a dose friend ef General Garfield. Tbe time waa wbeu he was known as the hand .oca eat man ia Congress. His aeicht U about five feet ten, and he weighs 109 pounds. Mr. AUisan was bora ia Ohio. LITERARY LABOR. An Interesting but Not Very Valuable Work. Tfte ralaee, Towns, Yaltcya, BJvers and Fa as ens Mafias ef Use 14 Yferlcl Depleted Etc Th Cadbb of Coua Amobo Racss, abb tab Eroimoi or PnvsicAb Bbactv. By William Sharpe, M. D. New edition. Revised. New York : G. P. Putnam's Sobs. Dr. Sharpe was lately a surgeon in the British army, and is the author of various Angl--Indian poama published under the title of "Tbe Cooqaeror's Dream," which have been well received by the press of England and tbe ' United States. His residence la India has given aim aa opportunity to consider on the spot the little understood relations to each other of raxs ot diffeaeut color. Dr. Sharps combats the notion that a trypical climate is of itself, apart from the habits of unciviliaed life, suffhuent to cause and perpetuate a colored race. We find that colored races are not oafiaed to the tropica, bat extend North aad South even beyond the temperate soaea, while d'fferedt shades of color between white, olive and black are found to exist everywhere ia the tropica. Such diversity, thinks Dr. Sharpe, can only be accounted for by taking into consideration the different modes ef fife which have acted for eentariee upon tbe various clsmes or castes. - colored skin is nensrsary to resist the burning effect of -the direct rays ot a tropical sun. The coolie in the fields, with only a strip ot cotton about the loins, ia maay vt"4s darker than his brothers, tbe merchants aod traders. That the bieher classes in India ara ant an a Mu people is owing to tbe universal habit of re maining, especially in hot weather, when in or about their houses, partially naked, and to allowing their children to go abont the place at all times naked. In cokl climates, however, where man has braved tbe dements and gone naked, like tbe inhabitants of Terra del Fiasco, there is no approach made toward tbe attainment of a white akin. The Hindus seem to understand the Immunity from sua enjoyed by dark skins, for we bave Dr. Shamea word for the extraordinary fact that Albino children are clothed, while normal children are allowed to run aaked. He also states that all tbe higner and richer rlassos in India are becoming every generatiea lighter in color, and, since be finds among the Brahmins and Farsers, descendants of studious men who have worn lung robes tor many generations, many blonde types, be concludes tbat such races, tor instance, as tbe Persians, bave risen from an original colored rase and slowly become white. When this much is given, remarks a contemporary, there is not much left to report, Dr. Sharpe. it is true, makes a good plea for the old religion aad its priests, that may nave done mors good than evil tn their day. He also asserts tbat luxury doea good ia raisins; the standard ot physique; that the Americans show a high type ot physical beauty coincident with superior braia powers, and makes a digression, evidently aianed at tbe Germans and Eoghsh, agaisat the use ot beer and for the use of wine. Beer, he believes, makes corpulent, and, therefore, ugly. But, .after all, at wbat is Dr. Sharpe trying to arrive t Bis essay is suggestive enough, but it leads nowhere, convinces us of nothing. His facta can be met by counter-facts just as strong, and siace he does not deign to reason aharpiy or very intelligibly from such as he vouchsafes to us, we are forced to gie him up. Tbe essay might possibly form the neeleus of a really valuable book, snouKt ine autnor be willing to rive many years to tbe subject. But first of all be would bave to make himself more familiar with the present condition of natural science than seems to be tbe case with this imaginative writer. FlCTCKB8jrB Ei-Kors. Editei by Bayard Tay. . lor. Numerously Illustrated. New York : D. Appleton a Co. We have had America honored in ' a descrip tive, illustrated book, and the success it met with led tbe publishers to follow it with a similar work on Europe, and three years a to tbe first part was issued. Tbe preface was writ ten by Mr. ayior, ana Dayers can now purchase the complete work, which subscribers are two years ia reeeivins;. The eauravioas are on wood, generally, though there are many on steel, and they represent palaces, towns. valleys, lakes, rivers, and many of tha faunas ruins of the old world. Toe work is completed in sixty-six parts, imperial quarto in eise, and tne text is printed on rich papar. The work appeals to all classes ot readers, aad is complete and profusely illustrated. Thoee who oaa af- lora it should possess Picturesque Europe " d its predecessor. "Picturaaaue America." both of which are the publications of this well-known Sew York publishing house. Madams Bovakt. A Tale of Provincial life. By Gustavo Flaubert. Translated by John Sterling. Square lzmo. Pp. Sot. Philadelphia : T. B. Peterson & Bros. , This work was at one time exceedingly popu lar in France, and the recent death of its famous author bas revived the Interest ia ttv' The Messrs. Peterson, profiting by this fact, have issued the novel for the first tims in the English dress. " Madame Bo vary" was tbe initial romance of the French realistic school which has reached its acme In Zola. It ia natural to a degree, and cannot be recommended by any conscientous moral critic to the general reading public " Madame Bovary" is what the French critics delight to call a "study," that is it is a species of investigation into a given subject, a picture to be recognized with facility because of its faithfulness. The plot kt skilfully constructed and developed. Tbe work is neatly gotten up, and, in paper cover, sella for seventy-five cents per copy. A Coubbbtabv ox tbs Gosrsb or Sr. Lukb. By F. Godet. Translated from the second French edition by E. W. Sbalders and M. D. Cusin; with preface and notes to the American edition by John Hall, D. D. Mew York: L K. Funk A Co. This volume is one of " The Standard Series," being issued by the above-named enterprising firm, in cheap form. This edition contains all that is to be found in the original. Including every Greek and Hebrew word. This is tbe first publication ot this work in America. Toe imported editioo, the only- edition heretofore available, sells at SO. Tbe present prices place it within the reach of the masses. The book will be found very valuable to the Clerry, Sunday-School Superintendents, aad to more iotellieeat Teachers and advanced Scholars, It ranks very high in Enrope. Tne price ia 2.60, cloth. Mast Makstob. A Novel. By George Mee- donalii. New York : D. Appleton A Co., . Not. 1, S and 5 Bend street. AH of the novels of the above-named writer hold high and deserved lank among the beat modem fiction, being calculated to elevate the moral tone of the community. This wotk has been produced by the Appletons in a tasteful and beautifully printed edition, which may be obtained at all the book-stores. Tbs Hbabt abd its Fcscnoss. New York : - D. Appleton ft Co. '. Whj we have a heart, tbe structure of that organ, its relations to the general system, its functions and bow to maintain their integrity, are popularly, and at the same time, professionally treated ia the above-earned work, one of tbe valuable series ot "Health Primers" in course of publication by IX Appleton A Co., New York. AliAlosb. A Story. By And re Tbeoriet, New York: D. Appleton A Co. ; Appleton's New Handy Volume series. This is a thrilling French stery of a married woman who, being separated from ber husband that she hated, fell in love with a handsome vonne? mas. but. nevertheless, remained true SO tne nne nana irom woven am and thereby made herself miserable lor Virtue was not rewarded nere. Tub Atomic Thbobt. By Ad. Worts. Translated by E. Cleminsbaw. New York: D . Appkton A Co., Nob. 1, S and ft, Bond " Street, : This is one of tbe volumes of The International Scientific Series, and treats of such grave subjects as Tbe Fixity of Chemical Proportions, Law of Proportionality, Hypothesis of Atoms, Dal ton's Notation, Law of Volumes, Law of Specific Heats, Isomorphism, etc It furnishes, no doubt, in te resting reading; to lovers of science, but will hardly prove entertaining to tbe general public , rrriaeUcals. - " Scribner Co., New York, bave just published St, A'icholac for tbe month of February. Its contents are as follows: Frontispiece, "In tbe Tower," picture; "In the Tower." poem; "Tborwald and the Star-children; " Poor Jack-in-tbe-Box;" " Winter and Summer;" "Tbe Giant Squid "Ooosin Charley's Storyi" " Two Visions ot Fairy-land;" " Mystery ia a Mansion;" "My Little Valentine;" " Tbe Goose aad thcKightingale;" "In Nature's Wonderland;" "Johnny's Answer "How Jube W.ked tbe Elephant;" "There was a small Maid of St Paul:" "The Peterkins talk ot going to Egypt? " Tbe St, Kkholas Treasure-box of Literature "The True Story of tbe Obelisk r " Which? " Phaeton Rogers? " For Very Little Folk?" "Jack-in tbe-Pulpit;" "Tbe Letter-oox? "The Riddle-Box." . . Blackocd"t Edinburgh Magazine, for Jan-, nary, fully sustains it high and well earned reputation. It ct-mes with aa autobiography ef Benvenuto Cellini, which is of the most. Interesting dercription. There are papers on "The Private Secretary," "Before and After the Ballot," The Land of Gilead" and " Tbe Min istry ci Misery,- an oi wnicn aeaerve to ne reaa attentively and will tarnish ample food for thought. There is also a dissertation on Shaks-peare's Ophelia which will pleass all interested in tbe literature of the stage. Ia addition, a capital tale, " Tbe Seer," is given. With tbe current feeue, " Blackwood" enters on a new volume. Reprinted by the Leonard Soot Publishing Company, No. 1 Barclay street, New York - . .. Our Little One, for February, has a full supply of neat and attractive illustrations, and contains a feast of snort storieeaed poems Just suited to tbe comprehension ot tbe smaller young, stem. The print is lanre and tbe paper gojd. Issued by the Russell Feb Ashing Co Boston. The United Service, tar February, is oseof the best numbers ot a magazine which grows in favor. The contributions are varied In mat ter and style and well worta attention, ne mritra for The United Serriee are conversant wth their subjects and handle tbem well. - Ketatallta. ' V . n Cf- ifoaut for 1881. compiled ex- prely foe the Mew York Star, has just been received; it is a very useful publijauom, con tain in a- tre national iwawcraiin raa platforms, tbe aaortnary record ur issa, titeaamesot eU tbe officers of the Federal Government. Senators aad Members of Congress, and crrch other valuable poli'i al iafeawattioav It is a very valuable boon et reiereaoa. ana at gotten op hi such coavenieo! form as to make say of tbe great variety of contains easy to be found. It is especially re-plate with iaforBoatioa concerning the puhtin institutions In and around New York City. Tbe latest volume in tbe series of biorrapeia of tbe "Great Artists" takes np Tacenaa Cainsborongh and John Cnnstshie. Tbe author. Mr. - George M. Brock-Arnold, aa ' Oxford scholar, follows closely tbe work of Fuleher and Leslie upon these artists, but bas also consulted all other available sources of information. . The . biographies are bright and readable ' French Bits aim e in Belgium deplores tbe rai cent decease of three ot ita literary leaders MM. Paul Devaux, A. Oris, aad E. van BemmeL The first aad second were men of libera politics, whose sen iocs wen valuable to the State ; Van Bemmel was a distinguished Professor. Ait three leave a name in literature. . . A pamphlet of twenty-five pages has been published, ostensibly at Mingo City, by tbe great publnhing house of Sam febok Allspice, Mo, lk Veracity street, entitled " Critical Lnaiogue between Aboo and Catwo on a new book ; or, a GrandissiBie Ascension." Edited by E. Junius. Germany, like Japan, tbe land whereas Goethe says, "every one reads." Scarcely a half per cent of the p.-wmletioa ia unable to read and write, and tbe yearly increase ef literary productions la suck that tbe fiood at books is gradually incrcaatag to a deluge. - - , 3 Mr. W. G. Marshall's -Through America, the story of a nine months' tour in the United States, will contain a full account ot Mxmoa life, as noted by the author daring bis Tints to Salt Lake City in l7d and 189 - Sampson Low Co. are the English publisher. , , Among tbe papers left behind by Gearys EUot Is a comt lete uanslation ot S jiaoaa's Ethics." executed during the Strauss and Feuerbaca period. - - - - " - - A volume of new poems from Mr. Whittier is promised at aa caily day by Hoagbton, Mifflin The Slag ot Sweden baa published a volume ot "Foesasaad Leaves from My Daary." - - - Mr. Grant Allen's neat book will be "Tbs Evolutionist at Large." Partoaa "Life of Voltaire" in two volwaaaS will be sooa published. ; . With Cupid's Eras " ia the arama nf FmmiM Marryatt's new novel. SCIIJiTIETO SHREDS. Fbom Woo n. The manufacture of fiaa sew ing-thread from wood ia a new Swed ish industry. Disikfectino. Ia some recent experi ments at Paris the fames of burning coffee were shown to have a disinfecting; power quite remarkable, A Steel Steamboat. A ateel steam. boat was recently manufactured aad shipped from New York city to Lake Xlara- caibo. In enexuela, to be used in the transportation of coffee and other products on the Zalia aad other rivers of that section, Eeksitivx. A thermometric- apparatus has been devised "by Professor Dufottr, of Paris, which is said to be so sensitive that it will denote tbe change of temperature caused by the entrance of a person into the room where it is placed. The Lactometee, It is surprising to find the lactometer now so extensively employed for testine milk in this country condemned in the columns of the JJontkff Journal of Science, London, where it is spoken of as aa instrument which is not entitled to rank higher than a scientific toy. AVosdebfcl Strides. Class mannfae ture is making wonderful strides in Ohio. Last year there were five new works erected; this year there will probably be as many more. At present there are at least nineteen firms in that State engaged in the making of glass, and they use about 292 pots and employ more than 2,032 mn. , Fibe axo Water-proof.--A paper taid to be proof against fire and water is prepared in this way: After a mixture of two-thirds ordinary paper pulp and one-third asbestos haa been thoroughly in corporated, it is steeped ia a solution of common salt and alum. It is then made into paper, which is finally quoted with shellac Tarnish. . . Ax TJkpleasaxt Sex3atios. One of the officers of the steamship City of Berlin - states that ha - has received the . current from a Siemen's dynamo-electric machine- through the the legs, trunk, left arm, thumb, aod one finder. He says he did not like the sensation, but tbat he could have endured it if Beresr-ary, although the current was capable of giving four lights of 400-can die-power each. Elfxtricitt. Mr. ' C. J. Kintaer of the United States Patent Office, believes that, judging from what has already been done in various applications of electricity, within the next decade we eha'l find our large telegraphic corporations operating their elevators, supplying motive-power, heat, and light throughout their buildings, and electricity for their lines from one common source cf power, y : Light from Electricitt. A new method of producing light from electricity has been patent )d in Eagland. Small bails of platinum or iridium are arranged at the ends of small platinum rods inclosed in pairs in the center of a suitable globe, ana a rapid succession of sparks ia passed between them, whereby they are raised to incandescent heat. A disadvantage is the noise attendant an the rapid sparks. BuKimro Water. A very slight declivity suffices to give the running motion water. Three inches per mile ia a smooth, straight channel gives a velocity of about three mile an hour. The Ganges, which gathers the waters of the Himalaya mountains, the loltiest in the world, is, at 180 miles from its mouth, only 800 feet above the sea, aad to fall these 00 feet in the long course of the river is said to require more than a month. Better thak Bessemer. rhe Sie mens-Martin steel is greatly need ia ship. building and boiler-makinx. .Air. taergius Kern, of St. Petersburg, states that in the manufacture of plates he has noticed that the Siemens-Martin ingots stand a better heat and roll more softly than Bessemer ingots containing the same quantity of carbon. - Morever, Siemens-Mar tin ingots, contain, as a I ale, less mangaaese than Bessemer ingota," and as plates containing much manganese are more liable to oxidiz, the Siemens-Martin p'ates are preferable for the above-mentioned par-pose. . . ; Elastic Gcm. If elastic gum is warmed, then expanded and wound in a spiral upon a glass tube or wire, aad cooled for a short tinre in a cojliug mix ture, it shows no tendency to contract; but when it ia submitted to hot watir it returns quickly to ita original length. The phenomenon can also be made to appear without the use of the cooling mixture. ' If one holds heated gum a second ia an expanded condition it shows no disposition to return to its original length; but if one immerse it in hot water it contract to one-fourth or one-fifth of ita original length. Maxwell has found that similar phenomena are produced ia gutta percha. - - - Crxblatiox. At Zurich, Switzerland, where the Siemens - crematory furnace has been introduced, there is a distinct stipulation that the ashes of the dead must remain in separate urns at kin crematory for twenty years. At the end of that time the nearest of the to the deeeared may take the urn to his dwelling, and if this is not done the ashes are interred. - Before a body is Tborned every precaution is taken by the authorities to ascertain that no crime bas been committed. Other furnaces of the same type are In naa at Breslau, Dresden, aad Gotha Indeed, throughout Germany the prejudice against disposing of the dead by burniEg is rapidly disappearing. Tbe furnace named will consume a body la aa hour and a half without causing any odor or sound. It costs about $5,000. Tho weight of the ashes varies from three and one-quarter to seven pounds. - - - , Ikbtrccttve asd Aafuaixa. A sim ple magic Lantern, from the construction and use of which a good deal of instruction ' and amusement may be - de rived during Winter evenings,' is described in the Scientific American. A small box, a kerosene lamp with an argand burner, a little fish-globe filled with pure- water, and a common double or piano-con vex leas are all the rraterials necessary to make it. A hole a bored in the ton of the box to permit the chimney of the lamp to pass through and allow tbe beat and tne products or com bustion to escape. ' In the side of the box a round hole is cut large enough to admit a portion of the globe, which is suspended inside the box close to the lamp. A piece of common window glass is then moistened with a strong solution of soda, and placed on a stand or clip so that tbe light . from the lamp will be focused co it by the globe. The image of tbe glass will thus be thrown upon a screen when the lens is properly adjusted. Tha formation of the crystals of the sulphate -of soda will be seen dearly on the screen, and appear like tbe magical growth of a forest. Any ingenious family can readily devise a great nnmber of Interesting experiments with this inexpensive lantern.- - ' " ' little Dunce: (looking np suddenly from her history book): "Ob, rummy darling, I do "so wish I'd lived under ' James the Second ! Mamma "Whyf little Dunce "Because I see here tbat education was very neglected ia . his reign!" ' . . .- ' Some of the half long sleeves devoted to evening toilets are pleated perpendicularly anxl terminate at the elbow, where they are finished with a cuff covered with white lace and slightly bouffant.

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