The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California on November 27, 1887 · 9
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The San Francisco Examiner from San Francisco, California · 9

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Sunday, November 27, 1887
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to V) to Jg3 tie "Examiner's" Scientific Corps. OUR GREAT MEN POOLED. Tie Local Igal, Official, (rlniinal, Fashionable rolilical and Oilier Types. The recent experiments In composite photography have excited not only the profound curiosity of scientists, but the lively interest of the laity. The lighter magazines, such as the Century and Harper's, have entertained their readers by presenting the average countenance of a whole class oi lady students, that of a score of bicyclists. Harvard undergraduates, and ao on. The Eolider publications notably Science have published compositesof twelve mathematicians, sixteen naturalists, thirty-one academicians, twenty-six geologists and the like. The process has been applied to the solution of two problems: 1. Given a series of objects having in common an interesting characteristic, to find a single tj-pe which shall represent the whole group. 2. Given a series of representations of the same object, to find a single tepreseutat on which shall give a superior effect by combining the strong points and neglecting the defects of each of the series. The latter problem is comparatively simple. In the first problem, however, a new face is created, combining in one the essential character of all. The value of this new scientific Inquiry is obvious. The average man stands revealed. The type is evolved at the sacrifice of the individual, .liy making one photograph of twenty criminals a standard of criminality is achieved; similarly the representative medical, legal, journalistic, commercial or artistic face is obtaiued. The whole race, indeed, may in this manner be averaged according to occupation, tastes, etc. The pract cal ends to which composite photography may be applied suggest themselves. The scientist, and specially the sociologist, will employ it in their recondite resenrches; the business man, supplied with the comrosite of a dozen or two honest customers, will know how to classify the new candidate for credit; the physician will be the better enabled to study the effects of disease upon the human frame; the lawyer, holding in his hand the composite of a gro'up of perjurers, will be assisted in determining the credibility of a witness; the young man thinking of marryiue, may compare his sweetheart's picture with composites nd ascertain to what order of women she belongs; the sweetheart in ay also thus safeguard herself. Endless like Illustrations will occur to the intelligent mind. The Examiner of late has given special prominence to scientific subjects. A few months ago an expedition headed by Professor F. L. Clarke, the well-known seismologist, was sent at this journal's expense to investi- fate the destructive earthquakes at Bavisbe. lexieo. Professor Clarke's report, enriched with numerous drawings, attracted wide attention, and is still a topic of learned discussion in the technical publications of this country and Europe. During the past month a corps of Examiner scientists with whom Professor Clarke has not been associated have been devoting their whole time, under the leadership of Professor George Palmer, to the assiduous study of composite photography. Tliey have been under instruction to confine their inquiry to local limits, as it is desirable to interest the general public as well as the specially informed few. while, of course, it would be entertaining and Instructive to mass the faces of famous men wherever found, or in whatever age they lived, yet it is obvious that the people of California will scan with more lively feelings of gratification the lineaments of eminent ban Franciscans than they would the aggregate face of all the Presidents of the United States or all the Kings of Europe. The charming photographs for which we are to-day indebted to Professor Palme" and his assistants show the admirable results which may be obtained, and at the same time some of the practical difficulties of the process. As Science observed of similar pictures furnished it not long ago by Professor Pumpelly, "no one can look upon them without a new respect for that shadowing thing called the "normal man." In Prof. Palmer's, as in Professor l'umpelly'a composite faces, a singular phenomenon appears in each class one face seems to dominate the others. This element is known as prepotency, and it is one of the most serious obstacles to the progress of the new art. Taking the rhotograoh - Il"'-,."-"?,Ti'. ioners Hammond, Aivord and Tobin, Chief 4 Police OrrUy -ra'i iobby Clark, thai clerk. Professor Palmer subjected them to his THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. apparatus, and the accompanying portrait was the result. It will be seen at a glance that a marked Instance of prepotency was revealed. Mad Nobby Clarke fat alone, and the others been excluded, a oetter likeness of that talented and influential financier could scarcely have been obtained. An equally striking example of the tendency of one face to dominate others is furnished by the composite of Robert F. Morrow, James Mo-Cord, Frank T. Northey and D. J. Creighton. I'mfimnr Palmer reoorta that he experimented during a whole day with this group, changing the order in every conceivable way, yet Morrow always subordinated his partners and came out on top. THE CRIMINAL TYPE. A very beautiful type of the aristocratic countenance was secured by combining the likenesses of eleven gentlemen who are acknowledged as the leaders of the local ton. Professor Palmer rigidly excluded from his election the photograph of anybody about whme social position there could be the least doubt. He wss importuued to include the pictures of several men who are forever seeking to force their way Into the gilded salons of - the hante ml who fish perpetually for invitations to the Tennis Club, the German cotillions and other diversions of the wealthy and refined, but all such solicitations encouutered a sternly scien tific refufcL The photos of will H. btinson THE SOCIETY TYPE. James Dunphy, Ch rles Wines, F. E. Beck, Albert S:etsou. Frank I). Willcy. Jack Feather- stone, Julius Bandmann, Captain Johns, Charles F. Ha ii Ion and M. 11. de Young yielded the appended exquisite composite. Its pronounced resemblauce to Mr. De Young will excite no surprise. la seeking to evolve the legal type, Professor 'nrrrisin Results (Maine! By il Palmer has not met with that success which could be desired. The usual element of pre potency was encountered, but in this case it must be confessed the strongest face was not the resultant. Indeed, the composite must oe regarded as somewhat libelous. The subjects chosen were Hall McAllister. ex-Senator Mc- Clure, Mr. Preston, Judge Toohy, Ben Nap- thalv Judge Uornblower, Judge Sharpstem, Creed Haymond, lHstrict Attorney Stonehill, Geo. A. Knight, W. H. U Barnes, Geo. W. Tyler THE LEGAL TYPE. and H. H. Lowenthal. The photograph of the last named, used by Professor Palmer, was taken by a Third-street artist several weeks before the subject was sent to jail. The Professor laoorea conscientiously for a diflerent assay. In order to neutralize the Lowenthal influence ne even went so far as to inject the foreign visage of Little Pete into the problem, and in one experiment added all four of the jury-bribers and Nobby Clarke, but the prepotency VI 'UTTtlil LI fl 1 ffftS 1 LI V 1 111 1 LJ iC Professor Pumpelly gave to S.-ience the composite of Washington. Jefferson. Hamilton. Webster, Clay, S. a Cox and Montague R. Lev-erson. It was a marvelously powerful and intellectual face, worthy of its place as the ideal type of the statesman. Professor Palmer has been equally fortunate in his more restricted Meld. Eupulyiue himself with the heads of nine Democratic aud eight Republican statesmen of local repute, he placed them ou his revolving cone. THE TYPICAL STATESMAN. The Democrats were Jerry Driscoll, Nat Selig, Bob and Joe Cochrane, Jailer Rogers, Big Byrne, Mate Fallon, Patsy Griffin and J. J. Kenny. The Republicans were Jake Steppaeher. Phil CrimmKis, Billy Williamson, Billy Reynolds, Dan Day, Gus Mooney, Davis Louilerbaek and Sconcbiu Maloney. A look at the composite derlve,d will prove that the honors of prepotency belong to Mr. Maloney, and through him to the great and patriotic organization of which he is an esteemed leader. Required to produce a composite of the State administration. Professor Palmer was faced by a political impediment. The accident of death has given the Republicans the executive command, and, therefore, the portrait of Governor Waterman would meet the occasion, were it not that a composite, not an individual photograph, was wanted. The Professor, therefore, threw in the head of Private Secretary Boruck as an alloy. The outcome was ludicrous, as is evidenced by tnz subjoined face. The powerful. THE STATE ADMINISTRATION. intelligent and masterful countenance of the Governor has been wholly obliterated by the handsome features of h-s gifted Secretarv. The final fruit of Professor Palmer a labors is the journalistic type. It was derived from the photographs of the Examiner's editorial writers. This composite is disappointing In the degree of intellectuality attained. It displays no prepotency of any one of the subjects, and yet in ttsexpres on of brain power falls considers!) y below the least able of the eight gentlemen who submitted tnemseives to tne test. THE JOURNALISTIC TYPE. In concluding his report, Professor Palmer says? "I have tried combination by means of the soetrope, as well as by the nsual meaus em- Sloyed by most of my predecessors in this rich omain of scientific inquiry. I agree with Professor Pumpelly that simple figures can easily be combined, but so complicated a design as the human face is accompanied by a vagueness of outline and detail which render the process hardly satisfactory. An apparatus that, by a svstem of mirrors, would superimpose a series of images suggests a method of extending ex periments. I wish it distinctly understood that my connection with the work herewith submitted has been entirely technical and scien tific, and this being so, it was manifestly my duty to eliminate from my calculations such extraneous facts as the laws against libel." The Objects Found at Pompeii. I London Daily News. I have lust had a private view of the silver objects lately found at Pompeii, which are now in the museum nere, oat uut yet puouciy ex hibited, being Kept in a case in one of the deposit rooms. They have evidently all belonged to the same table service. The most interesting object is a small figure in silver of Jupiter, which, together with its tiny square pedestal, is not more than three inches high. The figure, seated on a high-backed throne, is most delicately chiseled, and, in spite of corrosion, the features are tolerably distinct The head resembles that of the Olympian Joves. The left arm is misjing, but from the position of the socket it must have been railed on high, and pi-bably held a scepter, the end cf which rested on the ground. The mantis is folded over the left shoulder, and falls in graceful drapery across the knees. The right hands rests on the right knee, and holds the lightnings. Of the sandaled feet, the right rests on the pedetil, while tLeleftis slightly raised, as If it bad had a footstool beneath it, now missing. The whole was most likely an ornament of seme central piece belonging to the service. Thers are four deep silver wine-cups on slender pedestals, perfectly plain, and generally as bright as if the houitwif" had yesterday taken them frjm her curb ard. Also several small plates or saucers, with finely chiseled rims, bearing a pattern cf foliage, flowers, swans, and panthers in a ruuning design. A small silver sieve would seem to indicate that wine was warmed with some herbs or other ingredients and poured through it into th cups, as it is of juat the fifing size. There is also a little silver bottle, with narrow neck and holes in the bottom, as if for sprinkling spice. Some smaller and larger spoons, etg-eups of different sizes and quite plain, and a Sat round bronze dish, which has been l'pel with silver, now almost all destroyed and tepareted in flakes from the bronxe, are the remaining objects of this Interesting service of silver plate. Tr-r.- are no initials or signs to deuoti either the goldsmith who executed or the owner who possessed It. The objects have not yet bean studied or ex- flained by the savants oi the museum, nor can tell you to what period they are supposed to belong. Kew "Wrinkle for Clgrarett Smoker. Philadelphia Mews. The heart of the ultra-fashionable youth latterly began influencing his pocket to the extent of -12 to $15 for a half-ounce weight cigarette-holder. The tiny bowl and stem are made of solid gold, with dainty enameled forget-me-nots scattered over the surface. The mouthpiece is of colored amber. Senator Ingalls' much-talked-of novel, a satire cn Washington life, Is said to be almost ready for publication. eg jsSs. Ifo-je til,. tt(Poi-?fS POETRY OF MOTION. A Delsartean EiMMtion ly Some Pretty Sciiootairls. RYTHMIC GESTURES T&e System and Its Famous Author San Francisco Students. Wednesday afternoon there was a pretty exhibition at the Broadway Grammar School. The affair was given by a score of young ladies in Miss Shipman's class, and consisted of a series of exercises in rythmic motion after the laws laid down by Francois Delsarte.the great French master. The exhibition was given in honor of William Keith and Fred Yates, the artists, but many others were present The young girls were clad in Greek costumes and when their slender, graceful arms, bared to the shoulders. moved in harmonious action the effect was en trancing. The rythm of movement was accompanied by music which possessed the same rythm of sound. The power of the muscular action itself to call the soul to follow where it leads was evident to the observer in the rapt looks which showed that the girls were lifted by the rythmic movements into forgetfulness of what surrounded them, and the same influence extended itself to the beholders. The friends who were gathered were warm in their expression of appreciation and enjoyment. DELS4ETE. Franrois Delsarte, whose name has for more than forty years been known and revered by the artistic and dramatic world of France, has only of late been familiar to the American public. Within the last two years there have been ardent and thorough students of his in San Francisco who have interested a comparatively small portion of our public in his theories. Pupils have become distinguished in varlons public careers in the pulpit, at the bar, on the stage, and at the tribune. The gifted Rachel was his most perfect pupil, and among those with whom we are familiar are Sarah Bernhardt and Mary Anderson. THE SYSTEM. It Is difficult to express in a few words the aim of the system. It is an effort to express perfectly the phenomena of the soul by the play of the physical organs, or to quote one of his pupils an effort to infuse into the muscular tissues of the body the rythmic pulses of the soul. To that end, he required of his pupils th e study and practice of movements, which should develop beauty and freedom of action. These movements are only the Initiatory steps in his system which leads onward to the development of the mental and moral character. This is the explanation of their power. "Beneath all tangible forms of art," says Delsarte, "the divine lies hidden and will be revealed." THE DELSARTE SYSTEM. The rttflosoplir of Expression as Taught llC" lffASNKL tWJLsbN. j That so little has been published in regard to the Philosophy of Expression which Delsarte unfolded to the disciples who twenty years , ago clustered about h'.m in Paris, is owing to the fact that M. Delsarte on his deathbed requested his favorite pupil, Steele Mackaye, to edit his manuscripts and in due season print them. Mr. Mackaye accepted the trust, brought the papers with him to America at the close of the Franco-Prussian war, and now says: "My labors as editor are yet far from fruition. My dear, dead master was wont to say the world is full of abortions in literature and art; let us wait until we have the system perfected before we bring It forth." So Mr. Mackaye goes his way, writing melodramas (of which "Hazel Kirke" alone baa met sucoess) and inventing all sorts of theatrical novelties, from double stages to hat receptacles; and remains as dumb as the cave of Macpelah in regard to the Delsarte manuscripts. Naturally other students of Delsarte feel somewhat coy about forestalling the editor who had the master's authority. However. Mr. Mackaye receives a few pupils, to whom he doles out the Delsartean lore at the rate of from $15 to $30 an hour. It is as difficult to define the Delsarte system in a few words as it is to explain the mystic spell of the tragedy of " Hamlet " In a few sentences. It has been described as the melody of motion, the poetry of position, the euphony ol action. Mr. Mackay gave this for a brief definition: "The Delsarte system is the formulation of that philsophy by which being manifests itself through the domination of the body." My own explanation of the aim of the system Is this ; It la an attempt to iaXase Into the muscular tissues the rythmic pulses of the souL" - SPIRITUAL INFLUENCES. In the Delsarte system we are chiefly concerned with the revelation of ourselves our spiritual n atures through the outward symbols, the organism. The various bearings, motions and positions of the body thus are looked upon as a muscular vocabulary, the soul's handwriting upon the MA ! walls or flesh, by means of which the varlons degrees and conditions of force, energy and passion, of thought and reason, of affection and volition, can be interpreted. DELSARTE'S DATA. The Delsarte system contains as formulation of the facts of expression made from data which M. Delsarte collected as he strolled about, note book in hand, among the popnlace of Paris. His location was most favorable for his studies, as the excitable, volatile Gallio nature rejoices to utter itself in flashes of gesticulation. It also Investigates the psychological cause for our every movement; but it is rather in a rhapsodical mood and a historic tense that one speaks of it by a term so exalted as Philosophy. Behind all the facta of expression which M. Delsarte discovered he forever points us to the soul as the source and motor center from which all expression is a radiation. The department of Delsarte which principally engages the attention of young men and women zealous to improve the outlines and carriage of the body consists of certain practical exercises to develop those conditions of the body requisite for the perfection of expression. The aim of these exercises is to render the body plastic in nature, beautiful In proportions and gives grace and freedom in motion aud pose. Ruskin In one of his frequent jeremiads on this degeneracy of the age, says the Anglo- Saxon race has lost the esthetic instinct, Taine says the deluge of Puritanism which swept over the English race two centuries ago drowned out all artistic tastes and propensities. THE AWAKENING. The Delsartean s hope to resuscitate them by awakening an Interest In ideals of beauty and grace, and by teaching the application of taste to our own motions. . They believe the human form divine that fur nished the inspiration of the Greeks Is endowed to-day with no less possibilities of perfection than when Phidias fixed on the frieze Of the Parthenon the imperishable beauty and majesty I TaTe"T5trnraTft-neumiy-aei!eiwao Ans- kln's oft repeated maxim that morality Is the foundation of all art; that lightness and beauty of work are only possible where there is virtue and beanty of character." But Delsarte goes much further and affirms the relation between the spiritual and physical to be so close and subtle that as the body assumes mean and groveling attitudes or noble aud majestic ones so the mind will be Influenced. How extensively the Delsarte Idea has penetrated this community can be inferred from the numbers who are studying its theories and practicing its exercises. Already there are classes and under private Instruction several hundred pupils. The majority of these are ladies. Women are the only leisure class in American society, and are quick to seize upon anything that will improve- themselves, while' the men who study, usually" ave some ulterior aim, as the stige or the platform. - Two of San Francisco's most noted pupils are Misses Aldrich and Craddock, both of whom are now In New York. Miss Aldrich bas been engaged by Angustin Daly, and Miss Craddock, pending an engagement in one of the theaters, is keeping herself In practice by study at the Lyceum Theater School. A Kew Kind of Axla-Box. Exchange. Experiments are being made on Prussian railways with axle-boxes fitted with bearings of vegetable parchment in place of brass. The parchment is strongly compressed before being used, and it is thoroughly dried to prevent subsequent shrinkage. Wooden rings are placed on the outside of the bearings, fitting the collars of the journal. An emulsion of water and oil and all the mineral -oils are used as lubricants. The parchment soon becomes impregnated with oil, and is able to go a long time without a renewal of lubrication. It is between the body of the journal and tbe thin edge of the parchment segments that friction takes place. The claim is made that these compressed paper bearings mane a tough material that is superior to metal. Such bearings are also in use In a German saw-mill with satisfactory operation. . fihoeinr Horse. Exchange. It is the general practice in Spain to shoe very few shoeing-smitna have bellows or forges in their shops. They also make their shoes without the aid of fires, a fact largely due to the pure, soft, ductile iron, primarily manufactured with wood and charcoal. The Spanish " herrador," or shoeing-smith, for he does no other work, general iobbing or repairing, bas no use for the drawing-knife, and he never touches or pares anything but the wall, and that with the butteria, and on no consideration would he pnton a calk unless ordered to do so by a veterinarian. It may be, surprising, but nevertheless it is so, that lameness located in tbe feet or caused by shoeing is far more rare in Spain than in England or America, Another Scleutlfie Lie Nailed. Binghampton Republican. Doctors say that drinking large quantities of water will produce fat. To show its absurdity look at a fish. It fairly Uvea in water, yet why l it so bony J A HAUNTED MINE. Soe.3 Strange SnpsrEatural Sights ana Sennas in tie Yellow JacM VERY QUEER STORIES, Tie Tales Tuld and Touched For ly lanj Irtstworlnj Kea. Vihgixia Citt (Xev.), November 16. For osae years past there have been observed by the miners' working in the oil upper levels of the Yellow Jacket mine. Gold Hill, Nev., various phenomena apparently of a supernatural character. Receutly these unaccountable disturbances have been renewed in a startling manner. Few miners like to own to having been frightened by anything of a KhocMy nature. The majority prefer quietly leaving a mine to acknowledging themselves i"grxnea by unnatural sights and sounds. For this reason little has heretofore been made public in regard to the Colugs of the spooks and goblins In the old upper workings of the Jack;t Miners' are credited with being as thoroughly saturated with superstitions notions and fears as are sailors. Taking into consideration the scenes of labor of the two classes, miners' have much greater reason for being overcome at times by superstitious fears than have sailors. While the labors of the latter are at all times performed out under the free vault of heaven; in the midst of the opeo waters of the broad oeean, and much of the t'me in the broad light of day, the business of the former carries him Into subterranean depths where reigns a perpetual darkness surpassing that of the land "beyond the ocean-streem " where the Cimmerians dwell. In the Old World there has always existed a belief In gnomes, goblins, kobolds, and other supernatural beings peculiar to mines subterranean bogies all of a more or les unwhole some nature. In Germany the kobolds are particularly abundant and audacious in the drifts ana galleries of the old mines. Paracelsus states that "in Germany they do usually walk In little coats, some two feet long." Magnus asserts that there are no fewer than six kinds of subterranean goblins, "some bigger some less," all of which are seen in and about mines. Monster says: "Some of these are noxious; some again do no harm." Georgius Agrlcala spesks of the most notable of these as being the tix-fu-TOu? arvn-y aucient Xnce of subterranean imps'as the Greek kobalos Is the German ko-bold. Agrlcola says that "both the getull and the eobali are clothed after tbe mannerof metal-men, and will rdany times imitate their works." Although stories of these goblins of the mines have been brought to the Com stock by miners from Freiberg, Altenherg, Claustbal and other mining regions In Germany, with similar stories from tbe mines of Cornwall, onr miners have never encountered any such sprites in the lower levels here, nor seen any trace of their works. If our miners fear anything at all, it is the spirits of the dead the regular old-fashioned churchyard ghosts. But even of these very little bas heretofore been heard. Occasionally a story has been started of some strange sounds having been heard in some one of the mines, but nothing more than vague accounts of any sound heard could be obtained. Now, however, we have something definite In regard to the strange sights and sounds in tbe Jacket. On Thursday night, November 10th, W. P1. Bennett, who is employed in that mine, bad an experience so startling that it gave htm a fit of sickness from which he has not fully recovered at this writing. Mr. Bennett is well known to many persons In San Francisco, as well as in this part of Nevada and in many of the mountain towns of California. He was for a number of years in the employ of Wells, Fargo A Co.. aud in the old staging days had charge, as Superintendent, of all their horses and coaches and was much of tbe time traveling to and fro over their routes. He is a very truthful man. a Pacific Coast pioneer, and a man who throughout his life bas feared - JJo evil thing that walks by night In fg or tire, by lake or moorish fen. Blue meager hag, or stubborn unlaid ghot That breaks his magic chains at curfew time. No goblin or swart faery of the mine." He says that never until last week did he see or hear anything that he could not account for. He is now employed In the Yellow Jacket mine as powder man. He has charge of and distributes to the miners the powder they require in blasting. He bas been at work iu tbe mine over four years. During this time he has frequently been in tbe mine alone and passed through all parts of it without a thought of seeing or hearing anything of a ghostly nature. He knew of men leaving the mine on account of things they had heard or seen, but p.iid very little attention to the mysterious talk about them which he occasionally hoard among the miners, further than to say that he would very much like to see or hesr some of the things they spoke of. But now he wants no more of it. He says be has "got his dose," and will never get over it till his life is ended. Last Thursday night he spoke to Fete Langan, the foreman, ol some shovels he had seen ut on the lOOO level, and said he would go up and get them. He was told to do so. He went up to tbe old deserted level and ascended to the first floor above the track floor. He went out across this floor to a station, and, taking np two shovels, returned with them to descend to the track floor. He was carrying a lantern, and when he had srot on the ladder that led to tbe trark floor, and was moving down with his lantern helow the bole in the floor, but his head still through it, be was startled at hearing the 3taii vL heavy footstep coming tramping over 1,,. piu. S uirectiy towara mm. lie oegan io dt.i-eui the ladder as rapidly as possible, and while he did so heard the steps Immediately ovc J&is head at the hole he had just left. He pus jed on down the ladder a short distance till he reached an ore chute that leads down from tt,J Eoor on which tbe footsteps were heard. Heating at the chute he looked up it, but saw ucil:iT- He knew that no men were working on the level, bnt it came into his head that Pete Langan might possibly have followed him m i.i that part of the mine, though the thought thea struck him that Pete could not have come un tritoout a light, and would not be tramping aboat in the dark. Althougn leeung very soaay ana uncertain, Mr Bennett mustered courage to rail out : v.-,i' there T Anybody up thert" Instantly be Heard begin above, on the floor, but about forty feet back from the hole through which be had just desceuded, a heavy tramping as of two nea coming forward toward the ladder-way. "T . - , , J . , ,--11 L I I . 4 Aa B Stood on ins tauuer ue jiciu oia ikdlitu io ki. ift hand, and nnder th same arm the two shovels, tightly pressed against his side. Suddenly, from behind, the shovels were vio-Ict-lr thrust forward and sent flyina a distance of twoaets of timbers (about twelve leet), when .iuw gffQCK gjriinn iu wall nuti wcui uun u mo lariderway, landing at a point distant nearly thirty feet from where they started. Up to this time," says Mr. Bennett, "I was not very badly frightened, but when I felt the thrust from behind, and saw the shovels flying ahead oi me, I felt through my whole system a chilling, sickening shock. For a moment I was almost paralyzed; then fear of something worse Ithe tramping on the floor above still continu-insl,Iles3liedtnel'J,lcr fiftly a poe- When t reached the floor below. In ray excitement I took a wrong turn. I got off into a strange drift, and did not discover my error until I came to where jvas caved down in it a large pile of dirt. I dreaded going back under the ladder, way from the floors above, bat managed to creep round behind the ladder, and then came to the drift that 1 should have taken at first. There lay my two shovel, but for time I was afraid to touch them, not knowing w-iat might happen at the moment of my lay--,'. hands on them. However. I plucked up courage to lay hold of the tools, and -eoon got down to tne nw icvei, uuuitug gwiui When I got down among the men I asked for Pete Langan, and was told that he had been .,ns,tr aurf&ca dnrintr mv triD t' the lOOO level. Iwassosick that I was obliged to quit work. The men all saw that something had happened me and wanted to know whether I baa seen or heard anything. I gave them no OPiftpf answer further than to say that I had been over- J sua Jen fit of illne s. They were not Huauuu. aua tnai evening at supper-time I told them what had occurred nn nn iIia KMlO Then I learned from them of strange things that had happened to others in the old upper It appears that tbe 90O level is that on which supernatural manifestations are of most frequent occurrence. It is said that three men have been killed on that level and that one man was ouned under a big-rave, and that his body has not yet been recovered. At the time of the great fire in the Jacket, which broke out on rae luoruing ol April 7, 1S09, forty-five men lost their lives. The bodies of three of these were never recovered, and It bas alwsvsbeen thought that they were walled in when bulk heads were built, to confine the fire to certain limit, as afterward, when the-fire had exhausted itself, some bits of bone were found in that section. Otllte a number of men him loft th mlno at ainerent times on account of strange happeu ingsoum smhj leveL The fact of these men giving up steady work at $4 a dav shows that they were pretty thoroughly frfhtened. At rimes the men have been startled by cries and shrieks as of some one bein; pressed to death uuuer iimners, dih most ot them nave been alarmed by footsteps above and around them. sum as were neara ov Mr. Bennett. Tbe men who heard these sounds were nnt always alone. Men working in crosscuts would near lootsteps out in the main drift, as of some one on patrol msrehing up and down along the foot-boards. At first, under the impression that It was the foreman promenading in the drift. some of the men went out to investigate, but could never see any one, tbe sound of footsteps ceasing when they came into the drift, though it had been distinctly heard a moment before. With the return of tbe men to their work tne sound of footsteps tramping and grind-lug alone the sandv fnot-honrda of the trar-ir floor would again be he -rd, or perhaps the groanings and cries would bee n. m disturbances In the 1UOO level bare been much less frequent than above on the OOO and the levels above that But about a month ago a miner named Bruce, who was at work on the lOOO level, suddenly threw no his fob. Beinr pressed for the reason he at first said he was ill. but finally told a friend that he had seen a thing which he took to be a waruine for him to leave tbe mine. He would not say what he bad seen. but said it meant his death if he remained in tbe mine. Fear of beinr lanehed at Prevents manv from telling the cause of their fright About two years ago a miner who wss at work on the 200 evel beard footsteps in the main drift and told the man who was at work with him in the face of a crosscut that he wonid look out and see who was there. Takiusr a candle he went out. but In a few moments came rushing back with his hair on end and tremblinir in everv joint He ssid that when be got out to - the main drift two shoe with no person In them, came tramping along before him on the foot-walk. He was so baUiv fright ened that he would nnt stir an inch from his partner during tbe remainder of the shift and when it was ended left the mine never to enter it again. Mr. Bennett says that althouch he formerly went by himself throueh all parts of the mine without a thought of fear, no money would now hire him to again go alone into the old drifts and chambers of the 10M level. He says be baa all his life langhed at the stories told of the pranks of spook and the trick of spiritualists, but the push he got when his shovels were sent flyina was a thing that he cannot get over. as Mr. Bennett has always been known as one utterly fearless, as regards supernatural things. nn expenvuee nas nau a grei enact upon tne men working in the mine. There are at present abont twenty men at work on the 1200 level. Formerly, at change of shift, when these men reached thjs llOO leTelthey wquldjnaXe and as they pass the opening leadiug up to the 1CKK) level many sidelong glances are cast toward it and there is sjme quick stepping among the men who bring up tbe rear. In writing an account of these old haunted levels, it would not have been difficult to bave invented some startling thine, but I have preferred relating just what is reported by Mr. Bennett and tbe miner themselves. Without comment or any attempt at explanation I give the story of this supposed to-be haunted mine, leav ing all to draw their own conclusions. His Girl's Picture In m Pocket Coin. Philadelphia Kews.1 "I gave you a silver dollar for some cigars half an hour ago. Will you look over your money-drawer and see if it bas been passed out?" It was in a Chestnut-street cigar store one Saturday afternoon. A well-dressed young man was the speaker. His face wore a worried and anxious look, and betrayed considerable perturbation of spirit over the loss of tbe silver dollar. The dealer found that he bad lust eleven of the coins, and be spread them in a row on the counter. 1 ne young man toon tuem up one by one, weighed each in turn in his hand, and an expression of vexation overspread his face as he laid the last down very carefully and murmured: " 1 knew I couldn't tell that way." Then he went at them again. This time be grasped the dollar firmly with one band and pressed his nail upon the letter " E " in f tales." At the eleventh dollar to which be applied the nail of tbe little ringer, all the others having been broken in tbe fray, there came a sudden change in tbe appearance of tbe coin. Half of it slid oue way and half tbe other, and in the lower half, covered with a flat crystal, was the miniature of an extremely pretty girt The young man heaved a s'gh of relief, laid down a greenback in exchange, and left the store ruefully regarding his broken finger nails. Floating- Oarden of the A a tec a. From Outing. 1 During all their wanderings, wherever they stopped, the Aztecs cultivated the earth and lived upon whet nature gave them. Surronnde by enemies, in the midst of a laice where t her ft were but few fish, necessity and industry com . pelled them to form floating gardens on the bosom of the waters. They wove together the roots of aquatic plants intertwined with twigs aud breaches until they formed a foundation sufficiently strong to support a anil they drew from the bottom of the lake, and on it tbey sowed their needed maize and chilo. These floating gardens were about a foot above tbe water and of various forms, the moet effective being long and narrow, called cintaa, or ri b-hona. With their natural taste for flowers they added the ornamental to tbe useful, and these small girdens multiplying, were cove red with flower and aromatic herbs, wbich were used in the worship of their cods or sent to decorate the pslce of the Emperor. What a picture of delightful Independence. The peaceful Indian could anchor hia flowery home where be willed,- float beyond social cares or political burdens and from prying neighbors and poll-parrot gossip he could quietlv paddle ewav t In these secure retreats Uie spendthrift could elude hia creditors, the bank defaulter bide from the minions of the law. A Dor With a Conscience. CasselT Magarlne. T )n little silver-mounted Malacca cane that I sometimes carry when walking out with tbe dogs. This stick Smith is never allowed to carry, as bis teeth would leave too many traces behind; ana nis rnoi ciiKjutni "irauiiij3 w have it "just once" are always met . ith a ateadv denial. One day I bad accidentally left this cane lying upon the lawn, and I saw from an upper window a struggle of Smiui's conscience over his wishes that really did him the greatest credit As ne wss I laying aoout tne iawn by himself he suddenly came unawares upon the long-coveted treasure. He stopped and stared at it eagerly, and then looked care fully round him. 1 was uuacu oeniua tne trin.lna rurtiin. and there wan no bod v in sight Then began the battle with himelf. He looked at tbe stick: he smelt careiuuy ail tne way along; be drew back a littie to gaze at it and licked hi lip with the deltght of anticipation. Then he approached and smelt it once more. and it seemed just aa ii ne must taae it ana pun it to pieces, as he loves to do. But all of a sudden bis better nature came to his aid. He turned his back upon temptation and sat down with his hesd tbe other way, guarding the treasure till his mistress should claim it bnt not touching, himself, what be knew be was not al lowed to nave, mil may bcthi a soaaii tickhi ia thnaa who do not know Smttn's passion for a stick, but such of hi friend who are aware of this trait will appreciate bis ten-restraint Executions tn Austria, Lond?e Tel-graph. J The Austrian method of executing criminals differs greatly from that In vogne In thU country, and thoagh apparently more horrible in the delibera'e rigor of the arrangements, is more sneedilv effective. The condemned man is placed against the poet, et the top of which is a hook and at the bottom a pulley. A rope hav-inc a loon at each end is Passed around the neck of the victim, another is tied about bis feet, tbe end being named through the pulley. Two assistants then lift the man by means of the rope around his neck about six Inches, and an t rwn a him from the hook at the top of the post At the same time the other assistants pull wit great foree at the rope attached to the feet ueatn ensue mum; ju,iuiiit",-'j . though there is a range from one-ball to two minutes la many cases. r ii I. f r JO i;j --k- -v. - til MAtFmmitMl SAVANTS AT LDNCE An AjjeHziEi Sjreai at fts Acafcny cf Sciences. BUGS, SNAKES AND DOG. Taisgt Rat Pr. Bartsess iii Eii Learnei Friezii T.iak Ce4 U Et. At a recent meeting cf the Academy of Sciences Dr. Harkne&a, the President, admitted that he ate flics. This startling confession was made In the most public manner. The learned gentleman was seated in hia high chair of office at the time, and the revelation came in response to Dr. Stout, who, holding aloft a vial filled with Owens lake flies, declared them to be strongly emet caL "Nonsense." ssid Dr. Harkness. "I've eaten lots of them and they never disturbed my stomach." Yesterday a reporter visited the Academy to obtain further information, and was embar rassed to find himself obtruding upon a lunch party. ; In the alcove between the shelves con taining the subsidiary reptilliaa collection (Class Y) aud tbe drawers devoted to Zoophvtes (Class F). Dr. Harknea. Dr. Heuston. Professor Kyan. the entomologist, and Mrs. Dr. Cnrrsn. tbe curator, were seated at a table drinking tea and eating bread and putter and things. It is the dally custom of the President and his friends to refresh themselves thus. The able fady named preside and lends a touch of feminine grace to what would otherwise be a too severely vjcuuuc least. 1 . fT f et 7tMl AW THE HIPP AT SXACK. The lunch is always informal Indeed, the ta ble, when the reporter intruded, was Innocent of linen. He was hospitably invited to draw up Ms chair and would have gratefully assepted but for some inedible objects which garnished the board and shocked hi lav sensibilities. Right next to the butter stood' via jar holding in alcohol an undoubtedly fine specimen of the unji erautitentaeutaia and abutting upon the bread was another preserving an admirable, but scarcely appetizing, cenutr harricius. The head of the megatherium on ton of the drawers and the countenance ot the glyptodon surmounting the shelves looked down and helped to afflict with a vague dlscom- ioit tne unwiiung guest. "These." remarked Dr. Harknea. "are the file to which you allude. Thev are edible only in the larva stage. Try some."' He extended a forkful of little pink objects of the size of oats to the reporter, whose sudden backward movement set tbe table in a roar. rrr ros th oops. " They are really very good," sal d the doctor. Jabbing bis fork Into one, and applying to his eye the magnifying glas without which he seldom eat. Thu enlarged tbe Owen Lak fly presented the appearance depicted by tbe artist "The Indians," volunteered Professor Ryan, "gather them by the bushel, and a vigorous rubbing between the hands removes the shell and leave onlv the meat It is of good flavor." "Tbeludian also eat the great white grub found in rotten wood, used aa ftahbait in the mountains." remarked Mrs. Dr. Curran. It is deposited bye black-neaded eeeUe belonging to tbe did dip . Good gracious, if I haven't forgotten the family name!" "Dipterous," supplied Dr. Harkness, benignly. "Have you ever tried themT" inquired tbe ledr. No," said the doctor, reluctantly. " I have never had the opportunity." mrs. . ccmmAH's FAVOSITB. nrahoPTers." announced Dr. Ryan, " taste M'!." ..- .1.1. ti,.w .... -. .i ih,m Into a note In the around and build a fire over them. Thus roasted tney arc guuu, j --- . " The cicada is also weU flavored, said Dr. Hsrkness. argued from mi lact that all crickets should be edible, but the cia-da is not a true cricket" bat's your view on worms?" quetlea Dr. Heuston. a " aM Dr. TT a,-,- trnorin the question, " are eaten in A frica and Asia, and eaten liberally." "Ants!" exciaimeu the reporter. V mnA WfllV not a v , mmm - j - There's noresson why ueysnoniunt w. iu aa lief eat an ant aa a At!"0-" . c- rw.a nave anotner iuu jt i oi tea. uocior, prra;i Uc ........... . encouragiugly. and the bracer was accepted. GOOD TO SAT. What's your views oa worms?" persisted Dr. Heuston. "I have no view on worms," answered the President of the Acadcmj impatiently. "So view on worms!" cried Dr. Heuston, contempt mingling with hi amazement "Views on worms in what relation?" do manded Dr. Ilarknesa, nettled. "As food." "oil, as food. They ongbt to be rood. In fact they are good. General B'dwil informed me (hat in early day onr raKey Indians nrel to eat angle worms. Whether they Jo so now or not I cannot say. Fancy. exclaimed the Doctor, layfng down hi msgn.fring r'ass. "Fancy, if we could get rid of onr pre jn dire, wl-a a treat a fresh blgn;le worm would bel He la clean, fat and nutriuuua, auJ it is a si a that he should be wasted." " More ti. Doc'ort" "Thaa U.'" nud the President of the Academy. "Pars the bread, please.'' .."!.,h"t heard." ventured tbe reporter Um i.y'.Vth,t rattlesnakes have been eaten." what that about rattlesnake? " asked new voice. It was that of Processor Clarke, who had entered ucperreived. - Why," he went oa when the matter was explained, "when I was out sun-eying for tne Colon I'a.-ife In tbe valley of the Platte the boy used to bring in two) tLrf " t'esnskes every day as tropbles. w i hen it came my turn to cook, I tut up a couple of em with some eels frm the river and the boys never knew the difference. The flesh la white, trudcr and delicious." "Forthst matter." supplement.! Dr. Hark, nesa, "there's not a serpent on the Pacific Coavt that Isn't fit for food. One of onr most prominent society ladies has told me that when crossing the plains in '-i'J she fried and ate rattlesnake an 1 relished it I suppose you've seen the great yellow slug which crawl around gardens and in the wooJa, leaving a track of g Listening slime behind themT " m i aa r A tUrtAMTO Dt!TT. A shuddering affirmative came from the reporter, who by this time needed and was equal to a cup of Dr. Curran' tea. " Wed, ir." proeeedeJ'Dr. Harkneca, "tbev're very plentiful at Saucelito. and some of mv German friend there consume them regularJv. They are prepared by being thrown into ar aiding water, which removes the skin and allallmy matter. The Germans invited me tn come over Sunday and promised me a feaat The flesh la white and tender. Another engarement prevented my going. However, there' plenty of time yet. Fh! What that? biaa-uticgT l-udc-e. nothing 1 dissnatlnc Science haa nnt an end to tnat sort of thing." "What is there disTustlng about rrasshon- pcr?" demanded Professor Kyan. " He's a clean feeder, and is as ronriahlne oyfera." - si ore so .-said nr. ttarkness. "hut I ouect rather to the grasshopper." ny so; inquired rroiessor Kyasu with the suspicion of a sneer. He' all right except the lees," replied Dr. Harknea, mildly. "Tbe chiun. tbe polished snbs'ance In which tils leg are cased, i hard nd grating and does not yield easily to the process of mastication. Otherwise he's all ricbt WHAT . BKIFtn wpjt'T CAT. "Well, you needn't eat tbe legs," erie4 Professor Rvan. Irritated. " I flout," said tbe Doctor, firm I v. I do." said th Professor, hi eye Mine It enlarged. "Well, what of ,l" 'nqntred Dr. Harkneae, pushing bis rlaases off his tall t-r jw, leaning forward on the table, and. to get an uninterrupted view of Professor Ryan, pushing aside) the Jr with the ? trattilrntaeulata. When I was in Honolulu." cut In Profeor Clarke with ready tact "some of my native 'rtend on whom I called Invited me to sit down to dinner with them. They said they had a beautiful sucking pig that I'd enjoy. I happened to be served with the piece which included the tsiL I perceived Instantly that the tail was not that of a pig, but said nothing and finished my dinner. "'How did you like the pig?' asked my Hawaiian friends. "It wasn't pie.' said X. "Indeed,' said they, 'then what was itt " ' Dog.' said I, and tbey all burst Into a shoal of laughter. They were surprised that I should have overcome my Caucasian t rejodire, and were cartons to know how I bad detected the deceit Of course the tail revealed the ecrett4 my eye. These Hawaiian dugs raised for tn table are fully equal to the tt pork." "gome time." said Dr. Harknea. shaking tbe reporter bv tbe band, "you must come and JolA us at lufarh." - Yes. do." urged Dr. Curran. "We'll try and have something out of the way for you." added Dr. Heuston. enticingly. "A grasshopper or two, perhaps." promised Professor Ryan. "Won't you," pleaded DT. Harknees, accompanying the visitor toward tbe door, past the pterodactyl, the ichthyosaurus and the dlnotbe riura gleanteutn. won't you, really, try a few of my Owens lake flies before you go?" Seductive as this appeal wa, the reporter remained obdurate, and h went out and leaned against tbe side of the building until he felt better. luterestier Crematory Experimenta. New York Herald. J Now that police precaution have rreclned tbe probability of any more Pari theater erring as cremation temples, a in the ease of the late Opera Ccmique 6ie, a series of experimenta have t b-"n concluded U to test the new crematorium at Pr Lacha'r. It I burned thai corpse were aedaced t a as he in two hours. Th romii If r repored the result a well a the exact fce -very qirt-r of u hour. Ther are ra'her 'ar'iing as he following extract from h offl-'al rep-tt thi: . . 25 r. at. Ihe plate supporting tbe body la Inserted in the chamber, which i fired ton moderate heat. The legs of tb corr pread ontrothe extent of touching tbe ideof the chamber. The furnace is charged and the draft set on. . . 2-.2U r. . The feet bave naturally replaced themselves on tb plate. The leg have been bent up; the flesh is in combustion, aud the bone of the lees appear. 2 -as r. n. The lees are partly consumed. There are back patches on the knees, heels and trunk. . , :oO r. n. The legs are completely red. The upper part of the body begins to redden and to be consumed. . . . 35r. at. The abdominal cavity begins to be reduced. The ribs ar burned. There are black spots tn tbe ene?t and Jiead. 3 MO r. H. Nearly the whole of the body IS 3-45 f. w. The upper part of the body has fallen in and begins to whiten. ..... . The operation now seems finished, out tne firing is continusd to the same decree up to r. xt to obtain a more thorough reduction. After 4 o'clock no more wood is put Into the furnace and the damper Is closed two-thirda to eoucen-tra'e the heat and at twenty minutes past 4 p. M. the plate is drawn out. ine wr i cum-pletclv consumed. There are no traces of browft A a.iinar anota. The ashes are auite white and weigh two kilogramme and fifty grammes i.knut tone Bounds ten ounces). The amount of wood consumed for this incineration is 404 kilogramme. The Mean In a- f "Mawi." W. R. BaU her tn tbe Fulton RepubUcaaul I una tne worn uukotuhip ,n j . Britt. but is in tbe American supplement, third the derivation and use of the word: . j , . . i .iAnAHtM j;.ti 1 DC WKTU DCHJnf I IS IUT A1U1J uiu - of the Indian language of Korth America, and . . . . 1 , ' : . I . . ! Af . ft, a 1 Useo uy JWJR cmu io ma inuiiKiwi v. til Die am onu c aian., iuy 1 1 w -..- . . 1 M 1 .1 lrltln HMO is nvDiv o ,.iu y-". - in a sense of 'big chief,' a term more eotnpre- . i . . . ia i-- -hlf-h -w ncni ve ii me i dumb iuiuu vi u w - -- r pears in the KinV James version, 'duke. The word was spelled 'mngquemp' In the singular, anil -v ii vs u nt iwb ' in the nlnraL it appear in many place throughout the Abjoni"1 translation of the Old Testament a notabiO place being in I. Chron. i, 51. W; also Gen. 30, 15, given herewith : . "Young tnugquerapoag wunnaumonua Esau; wuiinsumoauh Eiiphax: monlomefheu-che Ei.au: Mugquomp Omar; Mugquomp Zepho: MluotJb,e?f?'i. -TheseVere dukes of tbesoni tol Eau , the sons of Ellphaz: the first born -on of Esaa Duke Temaa. Duke Oman, Duke Zepho, uk Kenaz,' "

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