Syracuse Herald-Journal from Syracuse, New York on March 20, 1939 · Page 77
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Syracuse Herald-Journal from Syracuse, New York · Page 77

Syracuse, New York
Issue Date:
Monday, March 20, 1939
Page 77
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Page 12--Section C Telephone 2-3111 SYRACUSE JOUBNAL Telephant 2-3111 Monday, March 20,1939 Indians Named Skaneateles Lake Means "Very Long Lake"; Village j Settled in 1794 by Cuddeback, Who I Came From Orange County By EONALD GRAHAM. : The name Skaneateles comes from the Indian word Skeh-ne-a-iles, meaning "Very Long Lake." In the dim past of primeval history, Skaneatcles Lake a sparkling jewel in the wilderness ringed about with the noble trees of the forest which knew only the songs of wild birds, the scurrying of furred things that inhabited the brush and the war- whoop of the Bed Man. ' " " * ~ ~ ,V A GLIMPSE INTO AUBURN'S PAST It was thus from time Imme. m'onal until the American colonies, after a bitter six-year struggle with England, gair-ed the independence ·which freed them from the joke o£ Great Britain. Then, at the close of the War of the Revolution the Skaneateles urea began to fe'I the Influence of the white man. And. from the wilderness that then was, thn white man. In the P4»t 145 \ears. has honed from Nature a peaceful and prosperous Tillage nith -stores and shops to supplj Its wants and tho*e of the never ending stream of summer visitors who. following the trails ot the first pioneers, come e\cn as they to enjoy the beautv of the rustic countryside. One of these visitors, William Henry Seward. secretary at state under President Abraham Lincoln, and a nofd tra\elrr. remarked that the Skaneatrlm countryside Is the most beautiful In the world. But to return to the das of the pioneers: At the close of the rexolutlon, the town of Skcneateles. which then Included part of the present tpwn of Marcellus. was sun c ed out Into tracts which were gi\en to officers and common soldiers of tho army ot Gen. George Washington for their services against England. Few, however, of these \eterans ever saw their lands. -Thcv preferred to sell them to \\hoe\crwould buy them, and often times sold the same piece of prepcrty over and over so that It later became necessary for a court of law to decide who the rightful onn*rs of these military tracts might be. 'Abraham Cuddeback, First Settler, Arrived at Skaneateles in 1794 ,The first settler In the town of SkftJQeateles was Abraham A. Cuddeback, who Journeyed from the town of MinhlnV, Orange County. X. T.. arrhlng on June 14,17P1. He was of Huguenot descent, and had obtained title to his lands from the eorvoor-general of the state, thus avoiding- the legal entanglements of some who purchased their titles directly from soldiers. Cuddeback started from his old home on May 2,1794, with wagon, three yoke of oxen, one 2-year-old colt and It cows. He traveled by ·way of the Seneca turnpike from TJtica. The turnpike then was an Indian trail and served as the only route to Skaneateles. With Cuddeback on the Journey were his wife and eight children. They were 4J days making the trip. His holdings were on the west side of the lake and la order to reach them, he was forced to build airaft and ferry his family and chattels across as the densa forest roundabout blocked the path of this ·*· tiny caravan. tt Is not related that the Cudde- backs were molest/v! by the Indian*, although their nearest neighbor was then at Onondaga Hill. Earlv histories gave the credit of being the first settler in the town to John Thompson, a Scotch surveyor, who was granted lands for his work in laving out the boundary between New York and Pcnnsl- vanla, but although Thompson owned Lot 18 as early as 1733, it has been established that he did not actually move Into this territory until about 1810. A drought swept the region In 1739. It was so severe that, although there were grist mills along tho outlet of Skaneateles lake, and others at Camillus powered by Nine Mile Creek, there was not sufficient water in the streams to turn the water wheels, so that It was impossible to grind In order to wheat. Warren Hecox was forced to send JO miles to Sclplo. and had to pay $2.50 for It Then he had to hire a horse at SO cents a day and have a boy carry the bushel to Montville, In Sempronlus, to get it ground. cheat Into flour, obtain a bushel of Judge Sanger and the Earlls Were Pioneer Business Men of Section Judg;e Jededlah Sanger erected the first grist and saw mills at the outlet of the lake In 179$, and these ·were among those shut down by the drought. On. Robert Ear!!. In 1799. established the first tannery on Skan- Creek at Willow Glen. It ·was at Willow Glen that the Seneca turnpike crossed the outlet and a small community sprang up here. It; was here later that the well- known "red House" was built This bolldlng- still stands. Robert and Jonas Karll built the first distillery In 1SOO. They used M -bushels of grain a day and sold their whiskey at 75 cents a gallon. Tfiey were able to obtain two gal- Jons oj whiskey from a bushel of ·wheat. The Orst Skaacateles tavern was kept by a man named Sabln. The first carpenter was named Lusk. He constructed thf -Ued House" and put np the first barn. It was, at Willow Glen that the first school wan built, on the west side of the outlet, br General Earl! anfl his neighbors. Miss Whitman warn the first teacher. The first physician made his appearance In the person of Dr. Hal! la -I7JS. The first newspaper, the SVan- eat*l« Telegraph, was issued July IS-'ISIJ. W. H. child was the pob- lisber and D. B. Orale was editor. Histories of the town mention GENESEE ST. IN AUBURN IN 1865 This Picture Was Taken on Fourth of July. Note "Arch of Triumph" at the Right HistoricFingerLakes Region Formed by Glacier to the Friends, the i rvinson woman; It (Continued from P«fl» 11) 100 white-sailed freighters which piled Lake aJon». The lake country gave sanctuary i«ct of th» Wil- gv« birth to Monnonlsm In 18U and later to spiritualism. Hard-riding doctors filtered In. On Aug. 7, 1806. in Au ; burn. 20 Cayuga County physicians formed the first medical society of the lake country. The district sent of its men and resources in the War o£ 1812. That wilderness conflict proicd the value of lakes and rh ers for defense and trade. It gave impetus to the Erie Canal, completed In 1S25. Even before tb» finish of the canal's western «od: the first boat through the canal to »w Tork City was the Schooner Hanna and Marjr. from Seneca Lake. The region played hoit to General Lafasette In 1824 with celebrations n all the towns along what Is now Routes 20 and C. Later came the railroads, th« Cayuga *; Susquehanna, from Ith- aca to Ow«ffo, being the second In the state to 1834. With this background, the district soon produced many American "first*,** including th« first woman medical student at Genera; the first trie dram In Bentoa Conntr «ait of Seneca Lak»; the first "sundae" amor,* students at Cornell; the world's first woman's rights convention In Seneca Kalis, where the first bloomers appeared; the first cast iron plow in Moravia; the first outdoor electric lights at Ithaca; the first Mormon preaching; the first [ demonstration of spiritualism; the world's first pre-announced public all-plan* flight by Glenn Curtlss at Hamtnondsport; the first seaplane on Lake Keuks. and the first electric chair. Kiting to an elevation of 3.300 feet, the lak* country boasts the sapphire lakes; nine great state parks; 100 (lens through which tumble a thousand waterfalls, one of them 10 toet* higher than Niagara, SEWARD MONUMENT Erected in Honor of Gen. William H, Seward, Lincoln's Secretary of State. 'SNAKE HEADS" HELD UP EARLY TRAFFIC Railroad officials had to guard against overcrowding on the first trains that ran in and out of Syracuse as too much weight had a disastrous effect on the primitive rails, which were only strips of scrap Iron spiked to wooden stringers. If there were two many passengers aboard the weight displaced the springers, uprooted the spikes and the raiH curled up Into what early railroaders called ''snake head*." The first ground broken In Onondaga County In tho construction of tho Erie canal was In the town of Manllus, under the supervision of Ellas Gumaer. Oliver Tcall of Lodl built several sections In the eastern cart of the county. The contracting firms of Jeremiah Kcclcr and of Xorth- rup Dexter built sections through the city of Syracuse. The locks here were built by Hazard Lewie of BInghamton of sand-stone quarried in Elbrldge. John Richardson, another builder from Onondaga, had the honor of starting work on the. first section to get under way, driving the first pick into the ground near Rome on July 4. 1817. South Onondaga Once Reservation In the summer of 1796 the state surveyor general ordered the sale of 5.250 acres from the southern part of the Onondaga reservation, and out of these sales at Albany sprung the community known today as South,Onondaga. Gideon Seely, one of the suney- ors, built the road to the strath line of Onondaga township, bridging the west branch of Onondaga. Creek not far from where Turner Fenner had constructed the first saw mill in the township three years previous. The place had 2$ dwellings and a Presbyterian Church in 1S05. the latter becoming a public hall. The Methodist Episcopal Church was built 10 sears later. In 1S45. there were clothing norks, two yrist mill* and two "saw mills. first church was built on a bill east of the village In 1S07-08 and was dedicated March 1.1503. It was sold to the Baptists. There also 'was a society of Friends, or Quakers at Skaneateles. John Shcpard and his brother-in- law. Salmon Terrell, left the town of Xewton, Falrfleld County. Conn_ and settled what Is now Shepard's Settlement. His son. Major Shepard, born on July 4, 1798, was the first white child to' lee the light of day in the region. Sabin Elliott was the first white settler at Mottvillc. E. Xorman Leslie, in his "History of Skaneateles". remarks that Sabln was "a laborer and whiskey drinker and died poor.TM Mottvllle was first called -Sodom" and Elbrldge "No God." Another odd name, which still persists. Is that of "Poverty Comers", given to a cross-roads community! on the Skaneateles-Camlllus road. II The Skaneatelei area enjoyed j I three periods of prosperity as the if result of Its peculiar location and ·oil. but Invention and progress have now reduced them to but a fraction ef their former eminence. These were the culture of teasels by the farmers, the operation of numerous factories and mills along the outlet of Skaneateles Lake, between Skancateles and Elbrldge. and the plying upon Hie lake of steamboats carrying the health-seekers and va- cationists to Glen Haven, at the Lunches Sandwiches Cigars Cigarettes Tobacco SCHAFER'S 25 Genesee St. Auburn, N. Y. Put Your Savings in a Savings Bank $1.00 Will Open an Account in. an Old Established Bank . . . . Chartered in 1865 CAYUCA COUNTY SAVINGS BANK Corner Genesee and State Sts. AUBURN, N. Y. , "The Bank With the Chime Clock" Chief Carried Mails, But Hated Whites Oundiaga, a chief of the Bear tribe of the Onondagas, one of the most bitter foes of the colonists during and after the Revolution, but came back to serve as a peaceful and valuable American when the new nation finally conquered. For a long time first "civil c h i e f ' ' of the Onondagas. he led a force with the British Indians of St. I,cger In the unsuccessful siege of Fort Schujlcr In 1777. and participated In the ma-fiacres of settler* m Cherry Valley and at Coblesklll. When die-hard Iroquols warred against the United States later, he remained on the warpath until Gen. Anthony Wayne conquered the red- men In Ohio In 1734. Returning to the reservation, he became a friend of Judge Joshua Fomwn, and tvhcn a mail route was established between Onondags Valley and Osvftso in 1806. the Judge got him the Job as carrier. Punctually at 3 the night before that weekly route was to be covered Oundlaga would appear at Judge Forman's house, sleep with he mail \allsc under his head, his feet facing the lire. Promptly at 4 tie would awaken, slip out noiselessly and cover the 40 miles of impassable roads on foot in 10, hours. Then he -would return in ;he same fashion. Xc\cr once did Oundiasa mus hi? trips, punctual to th* minute always In getting ln« «tart. Yet to the end of his dajs he never lost hi* suspicion and distaste for the white men, refusing la speak In other than the Indian tongue to all but a few whom h» called his friends. SPERKY STOPYRA Socony Service Station Armstrong Insured Tires on TIME PAYMENTS Socony Mobilgos Mobiloil Battery Charging Corner State and Seymour Sts. AUBURN Garments Displayed at Our Entrance' We're ready for advanced cases of Spring Fever Oct. :». 1801. as the date when thcjhead of the JaVe. from SVJmcat-Ies. first effort to organize a cnrap fori Early in the history of t h e area lie OTrr*~e of worship tra* made, mills appeared along the outlet, op- At that time the Skaneafles Re- ]er»ted by the power supplied by the llriou* Podety. harlni K members j water. Th~e grew until, at th» and headed by Her. Aaron Ba.«com.ij-«ii{ of production, there were more ·was formed. The society adhered tojthan a »o«re of crl«u wool'n. swrr the Congregational faith until Jan. »n! chair manufacturing fartorie.. 1. 151$. when the rresbTt»rian fnrmlali operated by wafr power from of rorenrment w».« adopted. The'ibe oatM. T. J. KAYANAGH FIRST CLASS WINES LIQUORS Importers E Direct Receivers Foreign Wines Liquors 34 North SU Auburn, N. Y. Phone 717 For QUALITY-SAFETY'VALUES See //, GENERAL TIRE MTM BUY THE Ride on nfc, quidc-ttopplnj General* now and pay later on your own easy terms. See us today for details and safety demonstration. CALLAHAN PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Francis J. Gormley SHELL PRODUCTS -- PHONE 3743 81 CLARK STREET Auburn, N. Y. William E. Bouly Co. GENERAL CONTRACTORS TEMPLE COURT AUBURN, N. Y, Telephone 3432 If you have a yen for some brand-new clothes (and who hasn't?) ... if you're tired of your winter duds, drop around and see how little it takes to have a smart, new wardrobe. We're all excited about our Spring showing, and know you, too, will be thrilled wheh you view these fashion favorites. Dresses M 5750 * and Up Goats" and Suits At 5J2 75 , n ·*·** and Up - Size* for Ktitei and Women ens' Salt Siiet tor Shorter Women · "You Are Invited" Over Woolworth'i 103-102 Gcocsc» Street AUBURN. X. T. We Are an Upstairs Shoppes COAL 1909 1939 30 YEARS OF FRIENDLY DEPENDABLE SERVICE CUDDY GEHERIN Genesee St. AUBURN, N.Y. Phone 2387

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