The Sandusky Register from Sandusky, Ohio on May 23, 1945 · Page 1
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The Sandusky Register from Sandusky, Ohio · Page 1

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DOUBLE II If PRHGR4M SAVE WAST! PAPER REGISTER More Than a Century in Tour Seirice— THE SANDUSKY STAR-NEWS "An Institution ofProgrm and Tradition ALL our FOR THI MIGHTY SEVENTH Buy Bonds * ; IS. Founded 1822. Vol. 121. No. 375. Associated Presa SANDUSKY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, MAY 23, 1945 United Pr*» Price Four Cents Dail?, PRIME MINISTER CHURCHILL HAS \- NEW SUMMER WHITE HOUSE 'DRESSED UP' President To Go To World Parley WASHINGTON, May 23 (IP) President Truman will go to San Francisco to address the final plenary session of the United Nations World Organization Conference. Secretary of State Stettin- ius made this announcement today after conferring with the President on conrerence matters and what he described as a "wide range of subjects" dealing with world affairs. Stettinius said no date had been set, but he expects the President will go to San Francisco early in June. The Secretary of State predicted the Conference would "successfully conclude" early next month. S U P R EME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Paris, May 23 (IP) —All members of the acting German government as well as members of the German high command In Flensburg have been taken into custody as prisoners of war, Supreme Headquarters announced today. Homes, like people, need something new in springtime, and President Truman 's home on North Delawarc-st. Independence* Mo., is no exception. Typically Victorian, the large frame house, which will serve as the nation's new summer White House, is given a new "face" by a crew of roofers, carpenters and paint(NEA Telephoto) ers. Japan Attempts Balloon Raids On West Coast WASHINGTON, May 23 UP) Japan, gradually being blasted to bits by Superfortresses, is strik ing back at the United States with bombs hitched to big, free-flying paper balloons. So far sporadic attacks during the past several months have not caused any property damage and, in no sense, are' the balloons .considered a "military threat." The Army and Navy so said late yesterday. It was the first public disclosure that the unmanned balloons —wafted perhaps from submarines or the Japanese homeland— are hitting North America, aimlessly. The attacks have been an open, secret with many newspapermen and to hundreds of residents in the western part of the country. The wraps were taken off the story because the two services thought the public should be warned /-about the potential dan- continued on Page 6—Col. 3.) LONDON, May 23 UP) — Tension remained at high pitch in Syria and Lebanon today as the French government gave no sign of withdrawing troop reinforcements whose arrival in the two countries brought from their governments assertions that their sovereignty had been violated. CHUNGKING, May 23 UP) —Tending to confirm recent Chinese statements that the Japanese were transferring forces from the Shanghai area into Mancuria, U. S. 14th 14th Air Force planes attacked heavily loaded northbound enemy troop trains yesterday. MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, May 23 (fP) — Unconfirmed reports from Argentine exiles who declared they had private information from Buenos Aires said today that President Edelmiro Farrell had resigned as president of Argentina. The exiles said the move was being kept secret while army leaders and government officials discussed developments. Fair and continued cool tonight; Thursday fair and warmer. \ BIRTHS i Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Eberly, Route 4, Fremont, a daughter, at Providence Hospital. Biddle Quits Cabinet Post WASHINGTON, May 23 (UP) President Truman has accepted Attorney General Francis Biddle' resignation and is expected to an nounce his departure from the cabinet this afternoon, the United Press was reliably informed to day. The resignation of Biddle was not unexpected. Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins, Secretary of Treasury Henry Morgenthau Jr., and Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., have most prominently figured in speculation about future Cabinet changes Stettinius' Cabinet position is jeo pardized by the fact that he is next in line for thTT'Preslidehcy in the event of the death or incapacity of Mr. Truman. Stettinius is not regarded as a Democratic party organization man. Biddle's resignation and the President's determination to accept it have been rumored here for some time. Biddle and the President have not seen eye to eye for some time They first came in conflict when Mr. Truman was chairman of the Senate War Investigating Commit tee. They clashed on a number of occasions. NEW SHORTAGE SEEN LIKELY THIS SUMMER Prospects in Europe Described as "Darker" Than Here; Winter Reserves Dwindle Rapidly. By The Associated Press Meat hungry Americans are eating into their future supplies of two prime substitutes. Unable to get that, civilians are turning to eggs and milk in large quantities. As a result, a survey disclosed today, the government is not meeting with as much success as year ago in securing a reserve of butter, cheese, evaporated milk and eggs for use next fall and winter when output normally drops below requirements. Serious shortages in these foods may develop. Present supply prospects indi cate that the quality of the civilian diet will slump to its lowest point of the • war in August. By then it probably will be largely a vegetable diet. The meat situa tion is likely to be even worse Like eggs and milk, supplies food fats and oils will be somewhat smaller. Europe faces darker prospects Maj. Gen. Warren F. Draper, chief of the public health branch of Supreme Allied Headquarters said "there isn't enough food in sight to keep some people of Eu rope from going hungry." Britain's bacon and fat rations soon will be cut but sugar and cheese allotments will be maintained at about the same level for the remainder of the year. Minister of Food J. J. Llewellin announced the bacon ration will be reduced from four to three ounces a week beginning May 27. Domestic rations of oils and fats, he said, will be pared one ounce a week. In this country butter, cheese and evaporated milk reserves are (Continued on Page 3—Col. 4.) GOERING IS MOVED TO ENGLISH CITY LONDON, May 23 (UP) — Reichsmarshal Hermann Uoering and Marshal Gerd Von Runstedt, former German commander in the west, have been brought to Britain, it was learned today. Reliable sources said Goering was being held at a hotel at Windermere in northern England. He was understood to have arrived some time ago and to have passed through London unrecognized. Runstedt was recognized at a London station and booed by railway workers. The two men were brought here separately. AMERICANS OCCUPY DISPUTED CITIES ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, ITALY, May 23 (UP)—Peaceful Allied occupation of Trieste and the remainder of disputed Venizia Giulia Province appeared likely today despite Marshal Tito's refusal last week to withdraw Yugoslav troops. British and American forces, reinforced by the powerful Sec ond American Corps, moved into the province and occupied at least .two towns and three mountains yesterday without opposition from Yugaslav troops. Japs Warned Agains Continuing Conflict HONOLULU, May 23 (UP) — American short-wave radio stations from San Francisco to Saipan are broadcasting official warnings to Japan that she faces greater de stmctinn-t nan-Germany unless she to surrenders unconditionally, it,can be revealed today. The broadcasts, designed counteract Japanese "victory or extermination" propaganda, denied that unconditional surrender would entail either enslavement or extermination of Japan. They were and are being made with the highest government back ing over Office of War Informa tion stations with the aim of con vincing "responsible, thinking Jap anese" of the advantages of surrender. Capt. Ellis M. Zacharias, one of the Navy's top experts on Japan and a former resident of that country, records the broadcasts in Washington. General Krueger Urging Support of Bond Drive WASHINGTON, May 23 (UP)— A message about the War Bond drive from Gen. Walter Krueger, commander U. S. Sixth Army, Philippines; "All our might in men, munitions, and money will be needed in the Pacific. Every American must back the attack on Japan with his or her maximum resources m the Seventh War Loan." King Requests Him To Reform Cabinet; Election Scheduled LONDON, May 23 (UP)—Winston Churchill resigned as prime minister today, but the King decided to commission him immediately to form a new government. Churchill's resignation submitted to King George VI automatically disbanded the coalition government he formed in May, 1940, and which he led through the depths of near-., defeat to final victory in the European war. A brief announcement from Churchill's official residence at 10 Downing-st said he submitted his resignation as Prime Ministers- First Lord of the Treasury and Minister of Defense to the King at noon today. --rr Churchill remained at Buckingham Palace with the King lor 50 minutes. The resignation was regarded^largely as a formality to clear the way for a general election on July 5—Britain's first in 10 years—and %\ for the appointment of a "caretaker" government to serve in the interim period under Churchill. The new cabinet will exclude members of the , Labor Party, which forced a showdown by rejecting Churchill's plea that it remain in the coalition until Japan has-hggn defeated. : AP Newsfeatures Five years ago, May 11, 1940, Winston Churchill announced formation of his new war cabinet for Britain. These two pictures show the jaunty, vigorous British leader a year before he became prime minister and the still alert but less animated war chief after five gruelling years. Seventh Infantry Scores Advances GUAM, May 23 (IP) — A spectacular lunge by the U. S. Seventh Infantry Division through and beyond strategic Yonabaru vir tually doubled the length of the southern Okinawa line today and imperiled Japanese defenses safe guarding Naha and the fortress city of Shuri. The flanking drive, aimed at supply roads vital to the enemy, added nearly 4,000 yards to the front which had been so narrow American troops had little room to maneuver to advantage, Maj. Gen. Archibald V. Arnold, commander of the Seventh, said The Seventh, refreshed by a two weeks rest, followed the 96th Infantry Division into ruined, muddy Yonabaru yesterday, then moved on into the hills 1,000 yards beyond in a predawn attack that caught the enemy by surprise. The Doughboys seized the northern end of a strategic line of ridges along the east coast between Rioi and Intarashiku and occupy heights from which their guns overlook supply roads to Shuri in the center of the line. Yonabaru, second largest Okinawa town, Was entered by the 96th Division late Monday and was the first major town on the Island to fall into American hands. Dachau Prisoner Camp Houses Near-Dead Men DACHAU, Austria, May 23 (UP)—Death still stalked Dachau today, 25 days after its liberation. For the inmates of this notorious' -«att3«ntratipn camp, „liberation has meant little. From 60 to 100 men still are dying daily. Another 3,000 are almost hopeless cases. Typhus, typhoid dysentery, and the effects of a starvation diet are taking their toll. The camp's new chief doctor, Frankitche Flaha, estimated today up to 3,000 of the prisoners here are still close to the danger point. Twenty-four hours a day smoke curls from the stubby crematorium chimney. But the furnaces can not keep pace with their grim task. . In these same furnaces where the Germans disposed of the bodies of their victims, the Allies now are cremating the bodies of those dying of disease and the effects of starvation and mistreatment during their imprisonment. HAVE TQTALLQR OSU ENROLLMENT GAINS COLUMBUS, May 23 (UP) — An increase of 1,596 students, 26 percent, in Ohio State University's enrollment this spring over the same term last year was reported today by Dr. Ronald B. Thompson, registrar-examiner. Th enrollment this spring was 7,653 as compared with 6,057 a year ago. The increase in men was 21 percent while that for women was 29 percent. Expect Labor Requests On Reforms Will Be Defeated MARRIAGE LICENSES Victor E. Tolleson, Jr.. 29, guard, and Florence G. Hoffman, 24, clerk, both of Sandusky. Rev. A. R. Von Gruenigen to officiate. DEATHS Mrs. Adelbert Daniels, 73, 432 Jackson-st^. Anthony C, Murd, 67, at Middle Bass. Opposition On Mindanao Wilts; Fighting Still Rages MANILA, May 23 (IP) — Opposition was reported wilting today on north-central Mindanao, where Yanks of the 1st Division captured the provincial capital of Malaybalay, but fierce fighting still was under way on Luzon Island in the important watershed area northeast, of Manila. Maj. Gen. William C. Chase's 8th Division, closing in on the Wawa Dam, one source of Manila's water, fought off a banzai charge in company strength Sunday night. At captured Ipo Dam, Yanks of Maj. Gen. Leonard F. Wing's 43rd Division counted 300 enemy dead in the past two days as they pressed the annihilation of a large encircled Nipponese force. To the south the 24th Division, finding only moderate resistance advanced four miles to within two miles of Licanan airdromes, the only airfield remaining in Japanese in southeastern Mindanao. On the east coast of Luzon the First Cavalry Division" gained two miles to take Port Real, on the coast highway south of Infanta COLUMBUS, May 23 (UP) — Organized labor apparently was due for its second major setback of the present legislative session today—this time on the issue of liberalizing Ohio's unemployment compensation machinery. The special senate labor subcommittee studying tlje unemployment law yesterday agreed tentatively to report back, a bill ignoring practically all of the reforms requested by labor with the exception of a slight increase in benefits. Under the substitute bill, maximum unemployment benefits would be increased from $16 to $20 weekly and the benefit period would be extended from 18 to 20 weeks. Organized labor sought a maximum benefit of $25 tor 26 weeks. MEN RETURNING PARIS, May 23 (IP) — Army and Navy personnel being returned to America will total 87,500 by the end of this month, to be followed by 255,500 others in June, according to official fig ures. The totals include troops who will be redeployed to the Pacific plus sick and wounded and liberated prisoners. In addition other men are being sent directly to the Pacific. The 86th, 97th, 95th and 105th Infantry Divisions will leave in June in the order named for the Pacific via the United States, minus personnel with discharge credits, an official announcement said yesterday. N Total May repatriations will include 29,500 sick and wounded, 28,000 liberated prisoners, 15,000 potential discharges and 11,000 members of redeployed units. In addition there will be 4,000 American Naval personnel. Full-scale redeployment will begin in June. Every man scheduled to go on to the Pacific will get a furlough in America, and the divisions probably will be given extra training before they move on. Flaha himself is a former inmate, a surgeon from Czecho Slovakia. He said many of the men doomed to die might be saved if three things couLi,be provided: First, three times as many medical personnel. Second, twice as many medical supplies. And third, a means of taking the worst cases to real hospitals where special treatment would be available. Dr. Flaha said that American medical authorities stationed nearby are "co-operating to the utmost" but there just are not enough men, equipment, or places to take the patients. In any event, most of the cases left by the Nazis were too far gone to be saved no matter what was done for them. A trip through a dozen crowded, darkened wards showed row upon double-decked row of men whose! emaciated-bodies were atrophied beyond the point of taking new nourishment, whose eyes were dulled beyond hope of revived life. A quarantine for typhus kept most of Dachau's 30,000 prisoners Among the more prominent ministers who will be dropped will be Deputy Prime Minister Clement R. Attlee, Labor Minister Ernest Bevin, Home Secretary Ernest Bevin and First Lord of the Ad miralty A. V. Alexander. Non-party men such as Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir John Anderson, War Secretary Sir James Grigg and Supply Minister Sir Andrew Duncan probably will be retained, however. Churchill probably will complete the interim government before Commons meets Tuesday, perhaps by this week-end. Parliament will be dissolved three weeks after the King issues a notice that the government has stepped out. , Labor ministers, who doomed the coalition by refusing Church-, ill's plea to serve until Japan has been defeated, were ready momentarily to complete the break with the Conservative majority in the coalition by resigning. Churchill drove from his official residence at 10 Downing-st to Buckingham Palace in a closed au(Continued on Page 6— Col. 4.) still inside the camp's walls today Heavy Damage By Heat Caused In Apartment Fire Fire, said to have started in a clothes closet, caused extensive damage to an apartment building owned by William Wilcox, 327 Fulton-st, Tuesday night. Chief Wilson McLaughlin said the blaze started in a closet of a second floor apartment of which Charles Austin is tenant. Four apartments are in the building. Damage to the building and contents will probably amount to several hundred dollars, it was said. Cause of the fire is unde termined. According to McLaughlin, the greatest damage was caused by the intense heat. There was no water damage to first floor apartments. There was damage to the living room and kitchen, and destroyed were clothes and furniture, in eluding a davenport and three chairs. Other tenants are F. Pinet, E Walker and M. Eichensehr. Meat Dealers Get New OP A Warning WASHINGTON, May 23 (UP)Price Administrator Chester Bowles today issued a "final warning" to meat dealers to keep out of the black market. Pointing to OPA's enlarged investigating staff he said: "We have the machinery to protect our rationing system and we intend to use it." With that challenge issued Bowles scheduled a trip to Capitol Hill today to survey, his chances of persuading legislators lo extend price control for another year without changes. Baccalaureate At Grace Church Here Next Sunday Night The annual baccalaureate service for the 1945 graduating class of Sandusky High school will be held this year in Grace Church this coming Sunday, May 27, at 8 p. m. The service will be conducted by the Rev. Hunsdon Cary, Jr., rector of Grace Church, assisted by the Rev. C. N. Harris, pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church The Rev. Edward W. Brueseke will preach the sermon. His sub ject will be: "The Need of Men and the Favor of God." The Grace Church choir of men and boys will sing at this service under the direction of Wesley R. Hartung, organist and chorimaster. The offertory an them will be: "Lord of All Being Throned Afar," by Mark Andrews with Paul G. Wichmah as soloist The 1945 class cordially invites all persons in the community to b epresent at this service. BRITAIN URGING MODIFICATION ON VETOPOWER SAN FRANCISCO. May 23 — A last-minute -division appeared among the Big-Five at the United Nations conference today over th» veto power they should wield in a world organization intended to keep peace. British diplomats are urging the other powers to renounce their claim to.the right of veto M far as it applies to the investigation of international disputes. A single no vote still could block any steps toward peaceably sat* tling a dispute. , ; Some United States delegates are reported leaning toward the new British stand but there is no indication it would be acceptable to the Russians. On a showdown small nations might outvote the;: Big Five fa" conference committees and force changes- which one or mWj^(ft .v the major nations would find unacceptable. ]" Some American - authorities doubt-that the United States Senate would ratify a World League Charter which did not reserve to this country authority to prevent other nations from taking a hand in Western Hemisphere affairs" without American consent. The formula agreed on by the Big-Three at Yalta this spring would allow a majority of any seven nations on the 11-nation security council to decide * "procedural" question. v ; ' No .one has ever defined exactly what "procedural" means. Jf the big powers decided that the initial decision to look into a threatening situation was "procedural" ,ffc would have the effect-of eliminating the veto from such deciv sions. It would mean that eyes; though two or three of the big nations were against strong acr TOMMIES REGISTER SLIGHT ADVANCES CALCUTTA. May 23 (UP) British 14th Army troops have scored another slight advance against stiff Japanese opposition on the Mawchi Road east of Toungoo in their drive toward the Thailand border, a communique said today. Heavy bombers of the Eastern Air Command damaged five bridges on the Bangkok Singapore railway, derailed a freight train and bombed a railway sta tion yesterday. Two Japanese airfields in southern Burma were at tacked. tions in a situation, the council still might vote to do so. Answers to such questions will not be agreed upon finally before Secretary of State Stettinius returns from his conference on uiv, gent diplomatic problems with President Truman in Washington. He left here late yesterday and 'is due back toward the week-end. Youths Turning 18 To Fill Much Of Fall Draft Quotas WASHINGTON, May 23 (IF) — An Army officer predicted today that by fall youths turning 18 probably will be filling 85 percent of draft calls. This official, anonymous at his request but qualified by his job to speak authoritatively, made the prediction after noting Selective Service Director Lewis B. Her shey's estimate that 18-year-olds will make up only 45 percent of the July call for 90,000 men. That percentage, the Army of ficer said, is "too conservative" for the succeeding months, assuming the call remains at about the same level. The Navy, which expects to reach peak strength in July, has been enlisting large numbers of 17-year-olds, thus sharply reducing the total of youths 18 available for the draft. This drain from potential selective service rolls will be largely eliminated when the Navy goes on a replacement basis, the offi Iciai predicted. „ Liberated Europe To Get Civilian Needs WASHINGTON, May 23 (^PJ— Th« gqvernment today undertook to provide liberated Europe's minimum civilian needs with official assurance this action will help • speed Allied troops to the Pacific- President Truman directed the four agencies controlling food, fuel,* production and exports to grant' priority on such shipments to the* extent possible without harming the war effort or impairing the, domestic economy. Mr. Truman, referred to the friendly nations of northwestern Europe. War Production Board spokesmen followed with a pledge that; manufacture of relief goods will get whatever priority proved neces-. sary. They said the , relatively small quantities to be shipped- would impose no substantial burden on the domestic economy. Foreign economic Administrator Leo T. Crowley, who controls WE» ports, reported to Congress that. France, Belgium and Holland--* } among the war ravished countries, were supplying ports, warn* houses, transportation, factories- and the services of thousands lot laborers, under reverse lend-leaja^ to the Allied armies. . READY POSTWAR Pl/ANT ^ COLUMBUS, May 33 Common Pleas Judge Joseph £$£ Clifford of Columbus, prttddH^Ji district judge, has moved TF'^iJ ready the 174-county ScIoto-$an «i. dusky Conservancy district .*« any postwar flood control gram the government initiate. Counties in the district Sandusky-co,

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