CITIZEN TIE PAPEK 70 TH YEAR, NO, 151, OTTAWA, CANADA," FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 191214 PAGES. PRICE ONE CENT. oinnAWA mm EVENING EXTENSIVE INVESTIGATION INTO ALLEGATIONS THAT MECHANICALLY PURIFIED INJURIOUS Cases of Hot Water Pipe Corrosion at Watertown Thought by Some To Be Due to Chemicals, Which Are Further Alleged To Affect Health of the People There. Eight Big American Cities Using Similar System Declare No Such Trouble Experienced and Are Well Satisfied with Results. Medical and Other Experts Say Alum, Soda and Hypo in Slight Proportions Necessary to Purification Are Harmless. Electrolysis and Overdosing with Alum Might Cause Trouble. Emphatic Statements from Provincial M.H.O. and Many Others Say No Ground for Condemning System. . s. That water chemically treated filtered in Watertown, New York, by a mechanical filtration plant similar to the one which it is proposed to install in Ottawa, at a cost of over a million dollars, in both injurious to the human system and ruinous to water pipes and plumbing is what is contended by Mr. William Staurt, who visited there a eouplo of months ago when the waterworks emjuiry was on. lie brought his allegations to the attention of a local newspaper and last evening they were published as a condemnation ot mechanical filtration. As the particular case of Watertown had been cited as a reason for Ottawa adopting the mechanical nitration system, the matter was of such moment as to cause consternation among those who are in favor of the new plant for this city. Inquiry made by The Citizen from experts and others, however, and covering several large cities using the same system, goes to show-that the conditions' in Watertown can not be taken as a condemnation ot mechanical filtration. In fact the allegations made as to conditions there ere denied by Mayor Hoag, though it is odmitted by the city engineer that there has been some corrosion of hot water pipes, the cause of which has not been brought home to the use of chemicals in the filtration process. Chemical experts claim that the corrosion and blocking of the water pipes, if due to the action of the filtered water, can be blamed, not on the mechanical system, but on mismanagement, the use of an overdose of alum. They further state' that even this can be counteracted by the addition of soda ash or lime. The unhesitating opinion is given that the chemicals used do not reach those who drink the water and that there can be no danger to health from using mechanically filtered water. As regards Watertown, the suggestion is made that the condition of the pipes may be due, not to the mechanical nitration, but to the fact that the water supply is largely charged with sulphite from numerous pulp rr.il Is along the shores of the river from which the raw water is taken. SAME TROUBLE AT Y. M. C. A. Corroded pipes almost identical with those found in Watertown have been taken from the Y. M. C. A. building here. In the hot water system the pipes have corroded and caked with rust on the inside. Red water troubles were also frequently in evidence at the Y. M. C. A. baths. As a result sections of the plumbing have had to be frequently renewed. It was thought by some that the trouble was due to electricity leaking, but electrical experts say the blame is due to sulphur in the well from which the Y. M. C. A. takes its water, thus agreeing wilb those who blame the sulphite in Water-town. Y. M. C. A. officials say they are not now using the well. " - A special meeting of the board ot control was held at noon today, and it was felt that the allegations mad were suincienL 10 warrant a morousu investigation. On the suggestion of the mayor it was decided that the board of control and others should visit Watertown and meet Mr. Allen Hazen there. This deputation expects to leave on Tuesday morning. ACTION OF CHEMICALS. The effect of chemical treatment and how injurious results are prevented in all the big mechanical filtration systems of the Old Country and America is dealt with in a number of interviews obtained by The Citizen from, among others, Dr. Milton Hersey, the eminent Montreal analyst; Dr. J. W. S. Mc-Cu Hough, chief health officer of the province; Jos. Race, city baeterialogist, and a man of wide "experience with filtration plants; Prof. MeGill, chief analyst of the inland revenue department, and a number of other experts. All agree that nothing is to be feared from mechanical filtration insofar as water pipes are concerned. A number of the city's medical men, interviewed, declare that the same is the case as regards the human system. (Several American cities using mechanical filtration were wired to by The Citizen last night and asked for an unbiased statement on their experience with the system. They unqualifiedly commend it as successful in every particular. BOARD WILL INVESTIGATE. When the board of control met the mayor submitted a letter in' which he SHld: I think that no stone should be left unturned to discover whether these statements are true or not. Jt seems to me that these statements can either be proved or disproved very easily, and t beg to suggest that the members ot Pay tlio Kasy Way. Christmas only four weeks away, you'll need your money. Many's the time you have said to yourself: " I wish I had that new fur or coat, but I cannot afford to buy It Just now." ion can buy It at' once and wear it at once paying us a. little at a time as you have surplus. Ju( come in tell tlie clerk you wish to open a cliarge account; you'll have no trouble, '. lira t inntt " fir Tl It rj,1 tartn t ' ' have a splendid line of furs, electric seal coats, sets in mink. Persian lamb, black ami grey fox, xable and electric seal and many other stvles. We have a full line of men's fur-lined overcoats with beaver ahll. otter collar, muskrat lined, also with Persian lamb collars, quilt lined. Ovr Irish frieze overcoats and ulsters m e very special. There Is no better value In town than our ladles' blanket and rever-Hilo coats. To see them is to buy. The Ulobe Hours Furnishing Co., 31u-31uJi Xwk St. Phone Queen ZH. FAILS TO A the board of control, two members of the waterworks committee and Mr. Race, bacteriologist, proceed at once t" Watertown, and that Mr. Mountain of the railway commission and two gentlemen, one selected by the board of trade and the other by the Allied Trades and Lubor Council, be requested to accompany them, and that Mr. Hazen be communicated with at once, and requested to meet the delegation in Watertown so that a thorough and searching inquiry may be conducted into the whole matter and that the delegation report their findings to the city council immediately upon their return." All the controllers were present and they agreed with him. On the suggestion of Con. Parent it was decided to ask the prime minister to name a man to accompany the deputation as representative of the government, which is interested in the water supply of the Capital. The mayor will communicate with the various bodies and endeavor to arrange with Mr. Hazen to meet the deputation on Tuesday. It is possible that other towns may be visited before the deputation returns. (Continued on Page 4.) PIPES AT Y J. C 1 In This Case Some Other Reason Than Water Dosed with Alum Must Be Found. Water pipes in the celling of the basement of the Y. M. C. A. building in Ottawa have for some time been in a bad way, and Mr. J. II. Campbell, director of forestry, informed The Citizen, - that after extensive trials the Y. M. C. A. authorities have come to the conclusion that electrolysis is responsible for the damage. "The pipes were in a very bad way," Mr. Campbell said. "They were corroded, as though the metal in them had been drawn away by electrical influence. We have had one of the leading government electrical engineers and Mr. J. Hayes, of the Ottawa Electric Company, look over them, but they have not yet been able to trace the escape. But I have no doubt that this is the reason for the trouble." Mr. Campbell also informed The Citizen that the Y. M. C. A. has had considerable trouble with water pipes in the floor of the basement, and that It has now been discovered, he believes, that it is not anything in the water, but some property in the cement in which the pipes are burled that has caused the trouble. The pipes at the Y. M. C. A. were very badly corroded. and inside large bulges, as if of rust could be seen. This, of course, could happen at Wa-terton as easily as in Ottawa. Mr. John Hayes, of the Ottawa Electric Company, said in regard to the matter: "I made a careful examination of the pipes in question, which were badly corroded, but I came to the conclusion that it was not an escape of electricity. In my opinion there is some peculiar property in the water of the well from which the Y. M. C. A. gets its water. I think there is sulphur in the water and that it is causing the trouble. 1 have aavisea ino x. m. C. A. to have the water and the iron of the pipes analysed to see whether this is so." Y. M. C. A. offlcals state, however, that they are not using the artesian well but city water. Ill THE PENNY BANKS Children Have About Twenty-Thousand To Credit. - School children in the Penny Banks at the Royal Bank of Canada, own at the end of November, 119,791,47. This is an increase of $1,149.81 on the total at the end of October. Elgin street school has at last lost first place, Glashan, which made such a big jump last month, again did splendidly and now leads with a tqtal of J2.075.15, which is an increase of JJ69.68, one of the biggest increases ever made by a . school. There are still only ten schools which have passed the thousand dollar mark, but Hopewell and .Mutch-mor should soon Join the select band. The average per school is now $989. The amounts distributed among the variaus schools are: Bolton, 1340.84: Bronson, 464.92; Breeze Hill, 570.38; Cambridge. 1.478.-35; Cartier, 1.056.37; Creighton, 1,224.14; Elgin, 1.912.81; Evelyn, 444.81; First Ave., 1,780.24; George. 562.18; Glashan 2,075.15; Hopewell, 810.39; Kent, 1.304.52; Mutehmor, 713.30: Osgoode. 1,387.03; Percy. 1.332.04: Rideau. 359.32: Rose-mount, 675.66; Waller, 111.56; Wellington, 176.10: Y. M. C. A.. 11.36. ' Mr. Keefer's Bill. Mr. C. II. Keefer has put in a bill for $200 for his services In connection with reporting on a temporary water supply for Ottawa. It will be remembered that Cauchon and Haycock proposed to lay a new intake pipe to a point In Nepean bay beyond the current. The city council bad Mr. Keefer and Mr. W. E. Fuller make a report and on their advice decided to lay a new intake pipe only In the aqueduct, connecting with the river section of the new intake pipe which would be repaired. It la through the wav proposed by Messrs. Keefer and Fuller that the city la bow getting Its mippty. A. I. Plnnrd A Son are selling bushel boxes Northern Spies st $1.75 per box. - Through an error this was stated to be 75c WATER IS OUT THE THEORY Successful Experience of Other Cities. In view of the condemnation of mechanical filtration of water along the lines of the proposed Ottawa plant, contained in allegations of the in jurious effect of the system in Water town, N.Y., The Citizen last night wired a number of American cities where the same method of mechanical miration is in use. The message asked for a general outline of the system in each case, the effect of chemicals, if any, on pipes and on the health of the people, and the consensus of opinion cn mechanical filtration, based on experience. Eight cities were wired to and all replied to the request und the results will be found in detail on page 4 of The Evening Citizen. The salient features of these replies are briefly summarized in the following: ATLANTA. OA. Population 95,000; original plant in use 20 years; coagulating basins installed eight years ago; alum used: slight corrosion due to oxide of iron. BINGHAM PTON. N.Y. Population 55,000; water drawn from Susequehanna river, badly polluted in its raw state; mechanical plant in use ten years; water 98 1-2 per cent pure; alum used as coagulent; no corrosion of pipes or ill effects on people drinking the water; state of city's health gratifying, due, physicians say, to excellent condition of water supply. COLUMBUS, OHIO. Population 130,000; water from Scioto river; mechanical plant in operation six years; cost $1,960,000; considered one of largest and most successful in the world; alum, soda ash and hypochlorite used in purification. No deleterious effects on pipes, lawns, etc.; in fact boiler troubles have been eliminated since system came into use. Health officials pronounce water as near ideal as possible to make it and there has been a noticeable decrease in disease traceable to water. CINCINNATI, OHIO. Population 330,000; mechanical filtration system five years in use; settling reservoir, then chemicals, then rapid sand filter; pumps 112,000,000 gallons daily; sulphate of iron' and lime used; no corrosion or incrustation of pipes and no ill effects to people; typhoid statistics reduced 90 per cent.; cost of filtration $4 per million gallons; city most enthusiastic over its plant. ELMIRA, N.Y. -population 40,-000; mechanical system 16 years in use; alum and lime employed; no corrosion of pipes; health of consumers never affected; water 97 per cent, pure; faulty taste detected at times was found to be due to vegetable growth in reservoirs and not to use of chemicals. KANSAS CITY, MO. Population 55,000; water taken from Missouri river; hypochloride used in purification and 35 million gallons pumped dally; bacteria reduced from 10,000 to 20 per cubic centimeter; no corrosion of pipes or ill effects on health of people; typhoid and intestinal diseases almost unknown. LOUISVILLE, KY. Population 210,000; mechanical filters in operation three years, pumping 25 million gallons daily; sulphate of alumina used; no pipe corosion or injury to health; people perfectly satisfied with system. TOLEDO, OHIO. Population 135,000; mechanical plant in use since March 1, 1910, and found to be great improvement over slow sand or gravity system; alum or sulphate of iron and lime used; raw water contains 16,000 bacteria per cubic centimeter and all but 12 removed; pipes never affected and water softened and non-injurious to health of people. A partial list of - other American cities successfully employing mechanical filtration includes: New Orleans, La.; East Jersey, N.J.: Hackensack, u I . 1 . ... i .... i l U' . at Tnwnh Mn ' 1-.,., J.. . ' . Charleston, S.C.; Harrlsburg, Pa.; Nor folk, va.; xoungsiown, fa... Augum, Go.; Birmingham, Ala.; Little Rock, Ark.; Terre Haute, Ind.; Dubuque, Iowa; Quincy, III.: Davenport, Iowa; Chester, Pa.; York, Pa.; Knoxville, Tenn.; Chattanooga, Tenn.j East St. Louis, III.; Newcastle, Penna.; Osh-kosh, Wis.; Lexington, Ky.; Joplin, Mo., and Cedar Rapids, Iowa. , Variation in Temperature. According to reports from' the experimental farm, there has only been a variation of about seven degrees In the temperature in the last twenty-four hours, which lp indeed very normal and points to a very healthy approach ' to winter. The thermometer at the farm registered up to eight o'clock this morning. 12.08 degrees as the maximum, and 5.06 as the minimum. Civic Committees.' The special committee of the city council to deal with the establishment of a civic abattoir will meet Tuesday evening. Considerable information has been secured by Dr. Holllngs-worth. The special committee' on Auditor Jewell's report on civic methods will meet tonight to receive the report from the advisory board. The board of health is meeting this afternoon. - Muslcalc The C. W. Lindsay Company cordially invite th6 musical public of Ottawa to their musicale on Saturday afternoon. November 30th at 4 o'clock. C. W. Lindsay. Ltd.. 189 Sparks St. Specials In men's overcoats for Saturday: Regular $10 overcoats for $7.50. $12.50 overcoats for $10, $15 overcoats for $12, $18 and $20 overcoats for $15. A. A. Fournlcr Limited, Wellington street. Reader, take no chances with your linen it is too dangerous, especially the dampening by expectoration, try a .anltul-V laiindrV SUCh HA Th TtaL-nr Laundry Co., Queen Phono 1312. Mass MIL U. B. B VKBKi; of Oalculia. Whi Will Speak at tli(. Family Tlx -litre Sunday Kvenlng. at a Men's . Mass Mei-tins Arranged by tlx' Y. M. . A. MAY INCREASE BATE Waterworks Revenue To Be Taxed for Purification Plant. That the interest and winking fund for the proposed water purification plant should be paid from the waterworks revenue and not from the general taxes is the opinion of the board of control. Tho bylaw to raise the money, as prepared by the city solicitor, provided that the interest, und sinking fund should be met by a special rate on all rateable property. The mayor at tho special meeting of the board of eontrol at noon pointed out that this plan would not be fair. He cited the case of a church which used water and paid for it but did not pay other taxes. The expenditure was to improve the water supply and if the interest and sinking fund were not taken out of the waterworks revenue the church would not be paying any extra for the better water, t on. wit-son thought it did not make rnuch difference in the long run, but the others on the board decided to ask the city solicitor to change the bylaw to reud that the interest and sinking fund be paid out of the revenue of the waterworks. This may mean an Increase in the water rates, but it was thought that the waterworks should carry the burden ot the expenditure. A ZEPPELIN BOOM The New Airships May Be Ap pr6ved by Government. (Special to The Evening Citizen.) Tororto, Nov. 29. The Globe's Berlin correspondent cables as follows: j "In the lobbies of the Kelehstag tj-day discussion centred on whatls now regarded as the certain appearance of Germany s first aerial navy law. I am able eo state on reliable authority that the recommendations of the Ger man war office and admiralty include the creation, as a beginning of a' fleet of twenty Zeppelin airshirs of about 920.UW cubic feet capacity, capable of travelling fifty-one miles an hour and remaining aloft four days and four nights without landing and capable of carrying and discharging a ton of ex plosives. "From the same authority I learn that General Von Moltke, chief of the general staff, a few months ago unsuc cesslully sought to Induce the government to bring in estimates for a fleet of twenty-five Zeppelins. THE SHELDON ESTATE Leave To Appeal To Supreme Court Is Granted. Montreal, Nov. 29. Leave to appeal to the supreme court in the case of Wilde vs. Matthews has been granted the curators of the insolvent estate of C. I. Sheldon, the Inventor of th famous "blind pool." Recently the court of king's bench confirmed a decision of the superior court which dismissed the curator's action for the recovery of $13,780, a sum paid by Sheldon to one of his clients, -Mrs. Matthews, on the evening of his disappearance from the city. Plaintiffs claimed that the payment was illegal, as Sheldon was in solvent at the time, of which fact, they contended, defendant was well aware. WON THE DOUBLES Australians Defeat British Tennis Players at Melbourne. , Melbourne, Austria, Nov. 29. The Australasian teum .won the doubles matches against the English challengers In the contest today for the Uwisht F. Davis international lawn tennis trophy, thus obtaining revenge for yesterday's unexpected dpfeat in - the singles. The play wus very brilliant. The turf courts ol the Warehouse mens' grounds on which the matches were played, were In line condition, and there was a great gathering of spectators. Public interest in the con-test has been roused to a high pitch and a record attendance Is expected tomorrow when the last of the matches will be played. Sunday Meetings. Mr. B. R. P.urber. of Calcutta, one. Of John It. Mott's associates, will be the principal speaker at a mass meeting for men at the Family, theater on Sunday, the meeting being arranged by the Y. M. C. A. The time of the meeting will be 8.3X and there "'ill also be a musical program. pther arrangements ior Sunday win De, 9.45 a. m.. Manhood League; 11 a. m.. association service, McPhail Memorial church; 3 p. m., George Williams Bible Class; 7 p. m., association service, Mcleod Street Methodist church; 8.30 p. m., Family theater, Old Country Brotherhood meeting. Daffodil Tea Ilooms, Saturday. Special Scotch menu at the Daffodil Tea Rooms Saturday (St. Andrew's Day). A sprig of heather for everyone. A Mother's Help. Our family washing system 13 a great help to many tired mothers. We rid the home of all the muss and worry of wash dsy our work pleases get our prices and send your bosket today. Imperial Laundry, telephone Queen J.009. See our window for special values In men's suits, the best in the city. A. A. Fournier Limited, Wellington street. To Address Sunday Meeting. if v;j -f aftf' v I Hp v . i Mark Your Vote The Plaza Confederation Square Any Other Suggestion I ridicule your t-lioice with a cross in the space indicated, or if you prefer another name write it opposite "Any Other .Siitfitcsliuu." Address ballots to "Keferenduui Department, Citizen." Name of Votei Atfdress ..... VIOLATING LAW Boat Had No License To Carry Passengers Says Inspector Davis in Enquiry. The. steamer Mayflower which recently sank causing the death of nine persons, had no license to carry passengers at all and had been carrying them all summer contrary to law. There was no licensed captain on the boat and consequently the inspector of hulls and equipment, Mr. M. II. Davis, of Kingston, had refused to grant the boat a certificate allowing it to carry passengers until the owner had secured a Qualiiied captain, which he -Sw)l not done. This was brought out in the evidence of Mr. Davis before an inquiry Into the wreck conducted by Mr. R. A. Pringle, K.C., for the marine department, at the court house. MR. DAVIS' EVIDENCE. Mr. Davis said that when he inspected the boat in May, while the model of the boat is not the best, still It was strongly built and seaworthy in such waters as it was plying in. It nan a ureoout as large as required and a sutllcient number of life pre servers. But there was no captain. ine late Mr. Hudson had engineer i papers but not captain's. The owner urged the inspector that he should be allowed to run his boat without a captain and the inspector told him that he could not carry passengers until he had a qualified captain. Mr, Davis promised to try and locate a captain for him but in June wrote him that he could not find one and that the only course left for Hudson was either to find a captain somewhere or take out a tug's license and carry no passengers at all. Die matter rested there, the owner promising to carry no passengers only the freight and mail. Mr. Davis pointed out that there is no regulation which requires the. lifeboat to be curried on tho top deck and it could be towed if the owner desired. The inspector explain ed that while he had inspected the hull and equipment in May, it was not until August that Mr. William .Laurie, inspector of machinery, inspected his part of the vessel. He thought that it was very unsatisfactory that the two inspections were not mado close together as under the circumstances the license could not have been given the boat to run until after both in snections were made even if the own er had complied with the lay and had secured a captain. WHEEL WAS STRAINED. The evidence of the brother of the late owner of the boat, Mr. J. E. Hudson, was interesting in his theory of what caused the sinking of the boat. He was not on the boat but believed that the large water wheel on the stern of the boat, which took the place of the usual screw wheel. had so strained the timbers In the wind that the caulking between the planks had fallen out and the water had rushed In, lining the aft portion of the hull before anyone knew any thing about It. Had it taken any length of time the fireman who went down Into tho hold at least every fifteen minutes would have noted it as the floor of the' hold in front of the lire box is only 18 inches above the bottom of the boat. Half a min ute would have put the boat near enough to shore that the top decks would have been above water. As it was the boat was right In the chan nel. He described the boat as Being built in 1903. The forward portion of the hull under water was of oak and the aft and upper portions of good nine. He believed the boat in sound condition. It had sunk in 1911 when it Btruck a rock but had been repaired to the satisfaction of the inspector. He had made Inquiries and did not believe that his brother was drunk when the accident happened. BOAT WASN'T THERE. The reason the practise was to tow the lifeboat instead of carrying it aboard was that it might be handy to get passengers on shore in places where there was no wharf. He did not know why the boat was not taken on this occasion ' The evidence of the diver, Mr. John Scott, corroborated that of Mr. Hudson In that the boat was sound as far as the plunking, etc., was concerned. He found the wood in good order, but near the stern he located an aperture. In another place the caulking was found to be loose. While this might cause heavy leaking. It would hardly cause the boat to sink without any warning had the boat been sound ed from time to time in the stern or the engineer and liremcn kept watch below. SURVIVORS' STORY. The evidence of William Peverlcy and Joseph Harper was substantially the same as already given in inter views with these men. They had no warning that the boat was sinking until they saw the water coming through the stern gangway. They rushed towards the bow. There was a pile of life preservers close at hand, convenient to get at, but the boat sank so quickly once the water started to como in through tne natcnes that they had no time to get the lifebelts at all. Mr. Peverley said that had there been a lifeboat on the ton deck at least four more lives would have been saved. But it is doubtful if It could have been reached had It been at the stern. The Inquiry continues tnis after noon. Mr. Coderre's Election. The clerk of tho crown In chancery received today the official Teturn of Hon. Louis Coderre In Hochelaga and has forwarded his 'fertlflcate to the speaker. The secretary of state, introduced by the premier and Hon." Mr. Pelletier, will take his seat in the house this afternoon. New York. Nov. 29. Preparations ar-j under way here for another strike of waist makers. A decision by the union, which has 30,000 members, mostly women, is expected next week. The atrika two year ago wai unsuccessful. on This Ballot LIBERALS ADOPT POLICY OF DELAY Opposition Are Not Anxious To Have the Naval Bill Discussed Just Now. The end of the debate on the address is not yet in sirht. Some had entertained the opinion that it would terminate on Tuesday and allow the naval resolutions to come down on the day following or Thursday. The present plans of the opposition, however, are to keep up the talk and they, apparently, are in no hurry to learn the policy of the government on the vital question of the day. The emergency does not appeal to them apparently. MONDOU AMENDMENT. The Mondou amendment will be next in order and doubtless will give rise to some discussion. It was learned today that, after it is disponed of, the opposition will bring forth another amendment calling for the presentation of a redistribution bill this session and that they plan to discuss this at some length. It Is also said to be their plan to introduce a general amendment setting forth the attitude of the party and its record so far on the question of naval assistance. TO DELAY MATTERS. The political tactics which suggest this move as much questioned but the motive appears to be to delay as mucn as possible tho bringing down of the government bill on the navy. It Is the evident Intention of the Liberals that not even a preliminary vote on the question will be taken until after the Christmas recess which may .begin on December 13th. This threatened attitude is a surprise to the government side which very ra-turally Is anxious to proceed with the main work of the session the naval question. Had it not been for this and tho urgency of the situation par liament would not have been summoned until January. It had been hoped to have the measure through the lower house, before Christmas but the later developments seem to preclude the possibility of tins, NEW POLICY ? In parliamentary circles there if considerable speculation as to whe' ther the Liberal party is not on the eve of adopting a new policy on pro gressive lines. Reciprocity as such. seems little likely to be resurrected, but, as stated previously, it is intended to make a move for an increase of the British preference and a decrease in the tariff in such com modities as tend to increased cost of living. The position of the rank and file seems to be that little can be expected of the manufacturers and the nign proieciiomsi eie ment of the uarty is few in num bers. Therefore, if a new policy is adopted on what is known across the border as progressive lines, no great surprise will be occasioned. MR. FOSTER'S PLANS Great Britain Is Interested in Our Naval Program. "They are all anxiously awaiting in Great Britain the introduction of the Canadian bill respecting the naval question and a great deal of interest Is manifested in it," stated Hon. G. E. Foster, minister of trade and commerce, who returned at noon today from London where "he has been attending further sittings of the Imperial Trade Commission. Mr. Foster did not care to comment further on the question at this juncture. He has come home specially to attend to the progress in the house of the West India trade agreement which he is to pilot through and to participate in the naval debate. He states that the trade commission which organized when h.e was over there this summer has now got down to its work of collecting Information and plaining schemes ot Imperial trade development. He plans to go to Australia with the commission In February and while there, will conduct negotiations for a reciprocity treaty between that country and Canada. - Third Man in Ring. Judge AloGibbon, county court Judge of Brampton, Ont., has been appointed by the minister of labor as chair man of the board of conciliation and investigation to enquire into the trouble between the C. P. u. and Brotherhood of Railway Workers. Messrs J. E. Duvsl, for the company. and J. R. 'Macdonald, for the union, were unable to come to agreement as to a chairman and so Hie minister made the appointment. All three members of the board are In Ottawa, and the investigation will commence in this city at once. Judge McGlbbon has had great experience under the Industrial Disputes Act, having on similar boards in connection with trouble on the P. 11., C. X. R G. T. R. and I. C. n. Bargain I nderwenr. St. Laurent at. 100 Rideuu strett Is offering for Friday and Saturday'! selling, some exceptional bargains in men's winter underwear. The change in the clli.iate of the 1 week makes winter underwear a necessity. St. Laurent has the finest at tl per garment and tip. - I'on't Miss Thix Sale. . 150 ladies' untrlmmed and trimmed silk velvet hats, always sold at i. $7, S8. as long as they last to clear st I2.8T. A. A. Fournier Limited, Wellington street. 20 dozen boys' sweater coats, regular price 90c. and II, on Siuturriay 69e. A. A. Fournier Limited, Wellington street. PLAZA SUPPORTERS SECURE LEAD IN EARLY STAGE OF REFERENDUM TO DECIDE SATISFACTORY NAME Huge batches of ' ballots In The Citizen's referendum to decide upon a suitable name for what has hitherto been referred to usually as the Plaza or Confederation Square continue to pour in and today sees an avalanche of suggestions. The Plaza adherents are far in the lead and the great majority of votes received up to noon were marked for that designation. The Confederation voters have not apparently concentrated their efforts but undoubtedly a large total for the original rival name will be rolled up. Some of the names suiggested today are decidedly novel. "King George Square," "Borden Plaza," "Britannia Square," "Patricia Place," "Memorial Square or Plaza," "Bellevue Square," "The Arelbe (R.L.B.)," "I'nion Bridge," "Clayton Square," "Capital Square," "Victoria Square," "Dominion Square," "Union Square," THE TROUBLES OF RAILROAD NAVViES The Foley, Welch and Stewart Company on G. T. P. Is . Complained Of. "Winnipeg, Nov. 29. If the request made from Washington through Unit ed States Consul Jones here be grant-' ed by the Ottawa authorities and a rigid enquiry be instituted into alleged conditions In the construction camps of tho Foley, Welch and Stewart Construction Company on the Grand Trunk Pacific throughout the West, sensations are promised, that is if the complaining laborers substantiate their charges. Conditions of virtual slavery are alleged to exist, once the men get into these camps. It is too far in the wilderness to get out readily and those leaving are forbidden under penalty to be given food or shelter at other camps on the long tramp out; ' If the men quit a series of deductions are made from their pay cheques for all sorts of things. Owing to such deductions it is usual for the men to get no pay until after they have worked a month or six weeks. Foreigners through their ignorance of English are the worst sufferers. The men are helpless and at the mercy of their employers, because there is no settlement nor trace of civilization for miles around except at their camps. Among other items in the complaints of the laborers are these: The long iewna UJuns their carrying light outfits, and the necessities which they procure subsequently at the company's! stores are sold to them at exorbitant! prices," - as, -for example: " Drlvers'j gloves J3.59 a pair; boots, 112 a pair, j and cheap pants 112 a pair. The men are charged seven dollars a week fori board of the very poorest sort, which sum is deducted from their wages. One dollar per month is deducted from the pay of each man for hispltal, of whicii there is one for about every three hundred miles and facilities are the' poorest for getting to them. Hospital attendance is sadly deficient and in some cases the burlias of foreigners have not been humane. Men suffering! from minor troubles are put in the; typhoid sections. Thirty-five cents a-month is deducted from the pay of each man for the expense of handling thej mails, which are very rare. The men sleep on boards, the hay being needed for the horses. For blankets they are charged ten dollars a pair. If a man escapes the clerk of the camp telephones to the next camp to say he is coming and he cannot get work or food there. If a man leaves with consent he is paid by cheque which minor officials cash for him with a ten per cent deduction. Foley, Welch and Stewart headquarters at Spokane deny there is anything wrong. MAS ED SALARIES Mr. A. E. Fripp Does Some Good Work for Employes. MT. A. li. Fr on. M. P hi. been successful in trettin tw.. m. I creases Ii salary for different branch es of the government service, the women employees at the printing bureau and the Dominion police. In the first case Mr. Fripp introduced a deputation from the printing bureau to Hon. Mr. Roche, secretary of state, and as a result of the inter- i View the minister niri-enrl tn vrnnt a IS per cent, increase all round. This will mean a rise from fifty cents to one dollar a week, or will raise the maximum from $6.50 a week to 17.50. The deputation was exceedingly grate-' ful to Mr. Fripp for the trouble he took In the matter. In the case of tho Dominion police Mr. Fiipp has been able to persuade the minister of justice to grant a rise in salary of 25 cents a. day all round, and in udditlon to this an ex tra week's holiday, making it three, weeks a year instead of two. The men had wished to get u day off. tint thtk u tt thnrllii. infitrmcwl Mr Fripp that owing to the peculiar na- luie v iiicir uuuub ik wu impost sible to do this, and therefore the exira wee nan oeen gianiea. i nis will raise .he maximum pay from $2.65 a day to S2.90. Hearing uuttale or Hats. 300 untrimmed hat shapes, all dif- ferent styles to choose from, regular! 3, 2, ?1.50. to clear at 39c. A. A. Fournier Limited, Wellington street. Knitted Silk Scnrfs. this silk knitted scarf The popular styles are in shot and plain effects, 1 neso scans win outwear two or tnree ordinary mufflers and always be !n the best of taste, St. Laurent at 100 Rideau ntreet has a wide range priced j from M. to J5. TOO t:TK FOR CI, SSIFiCATIOX. TANTED. RELIABLE SOBER MAN V to attend furnace, stable and chores, hoard in iiouse. will give experienced gar-, dener steady employment. Apply morn- IngH. 7 to 8. to J. Bingham. McKellar Townslte. Richmond Rd. SJ'.i 1I07 McLAKEN ST.. TO RENT, NEW o I ly decorated. Phone liiueau liJ. 53!'i OQT3ILAREN 8T. POI1 BALK; FIRST Ol class order. Phone Rideau 173. mWO NEW FRESH COWH. ONE COM X ing soon. Andrew Moffatt, Htr'i us. 1. im-Ks. I OST, GOLD WATCH AND BLACK i purse, between Cooper, Sparks and O Connor Ht. Finder return Citizen. 53;i P'OUR UNFURNISHED ROOMS, ' cheap. 6 Frank Ht. 53'.4 'Prince Arthur Crescent." "Federation Place," and "Durham Place" are some of the suggestions that show that neither of the two original names will suit many of Ottawa's Interested citizens. STIMULATES CONTEST. ,Te annoncement that the result of The Citizen's referendum will receive the earnest consideration of the minister of public works in coming to a decision regarding the official title of the beautiful square has undoubtedly caused the vote to be regarded as a most suitable means of conveying to the powers that be the wishes of the citizens of the Capital in this regard. The referendum is therefore something more important than a "straw" vote. It will have a direct bearing on the final selection of an official designation and will therefore be watched with the greatest Interest by ottawans and by others throughout the country as well. (Continued on Page 2.) NCREASED TRADE OF FOUR BILLIONS World's International Business Is Shown in a Washington Report. Washington, Nov. 29. Iu the present ear the world's international business will reach the enormous total of 35,-000,01)0,000, according to a report issued today by the bureuu o foreign and domestic commerce. The estimate l.s mado on olliciul returns of exports and imports from virtually every commercial country in the world. Nearly every nation reprted a greater exchange of commodities than ever before had been known. The new figure will establish a record for it is four billion dollars greater than the trade in 1910, und more than double that done In 1890, twenty-two years ago. Seventy leading countries furnished figures to the government statisticians. Only Argentina and Russia reported decreases, both falling sharply. The United States so far has shown a monthly increase of $18,000,000 over 1911. Canada, Haiti, Honduras and Santo Domingo do most of their shopping in the United States, according to the report, while China, India, certain of the Balkan States and Turkey look elsewhere for their purchases. The balance of trade (that difference of goods sold over those imported) still remains stronyly with American manufacturers and producers, the figures showing that they enjoyed abalance on the right side of the ledgli- of approximately 116,000.000. , ; -Tonight's Event;. Russell Theater l'oliara s jvntnlies Dominion Theater Vaudeville. Colonial Theater Burlesque. Normal school hall, S p.m. Illustrated lecture; Prof. L. II. Hutt, O.A.C. Labor linll, Kank street-Allied Trades and Labor Association. St. Andrews S. S. hall V. O. N. railway bazar. The Weather. Toronto, Nov. 29. The disturbance which was off the North Carolina coast yesterday, now covers New foundland. It "has caused a heavy gale In the Maritime Provinces attended by snow. Another depression is situated to tho northwest of Lake Superior giving milder conditions over the Great Lakes. Forecasts. Fresh to strong southerly ,to westerly winds; mostly fair and turning milder today and on Saturday. Temperature: Victoria. 36-44; Calgary, 20-38; Winnipeg. 24-3S; White River, 32-2fi; Sault Ste. Marie, 24-28; Toronto. 34-36; Kingston, 38-28; Ottawa. 10-20; Montreal, 18-2S; Quebec. 12-24: St. John. 22-34; Halifax. 30-3U: St. John'?. 52-44; Detroit, 32-32; New York, 30-36. The sanitary n y of keeping milk flee from contamination is to botile It. Ottawa Dairy milk conies to you in sealed air-tight bottles just as pure and fresh as when It come from tin- COWS. BOItX. WHITE At 1'Annoiiciation, Que., on Nov. 28, .mi, to Mr. and Mrs. F. A. White, a daughter. j,j TOO LATE KOIt CLASSIUCATIO.N. (lOMKOHTABLE FLAT TO LKT. Colt y-' Kriel and Murray, reasonable rent forwlln,,r- Phone Rideau 335. T.OTS-8XAP FOR FEW DAYS. OWN', Z. ", ea,l"s town, one lot Somerset j H:'rti'eXA vatiV,,?,-and.drn'' ,,a, 11,1 onnl?0P 't, AiP,r"y "ote1' 3-4 yuee" Bt Puonc 7:!"- T OST, LADY'S GOLD WATCflTNX'M- ber 174MU2. lie ward at Citizen 63 '.4 tJINGLK IIOUSK, FITHNaCE" HOT water, all conveniences. Apply 17s Arthur St. Tl!ON BElisTKAD. SPUmi'l AND MAT- tresH, cheap. 2.16 Frank St. i,:i' .TjMJltNACEH ATTKNDKD BY KXl'EI:'-"- ' ienced man; good references. Box US Citizen. hi'A vJUPKuiGU liOOMri, COMKOKTAB.7Y j nj furnished, central locality, 26 Nepeaii I St. Phune Qneen 2::l4. 621.-.. ,rpW0 LADY'S SUITS FOli SAt.K. I X new, navy, afternoons. )1 XleLeo.1. i 531- MOiT lNTHBAP. W "' UOOMED J1 , i,w,.. .,ii i Do:sesoii now. Apply Box Ht f'ilizen &3!i T WO KXl'IlKSrt HOIJ8KS KOIl SAI.f:. Apply Hi waveriey st. riion Queen 7:37. j JjAr x.t,.l&rc. j venem.P, telephone: also larse bed-sit- irls room. rol grate. 2JO,Cooer St. .WU .KutTS" kt. LOTS EAST SIDE BLACK-. I hum Ave., near Somerset. nun fur quick sale. Box 151 Citizen. SS'j ItTEBTBOnW J.1.KM, f liAMIS HUUWE. utono foundation. furnace. S roomx. Apply Mm. Moule. Vi Fairview Ave. :: ttll.'V MAKX. SnoTLAMri'X t'llV. Jl mier International dancer, from 'the prtI)cipa! theaters and music lialla In r.reat Brtain. Terms, 144 First Ave., uancing tauiflit j,"!'.. ---- T .t-..-;-,... .-r,;,-.; .-it W'V' lJ'.u L " nnaith Bros., 7S Queen St. 1ESI'0NW1BLE WOMAN". GOOD cook, able to take entire charge of small house when necessary box U). m H E BIO " C AN A DIAN RAILWAYS -L are advertising for more telegraph-era, offering tt to y.v a month Initial ml-arv. We can prepare you for such a P tion jIV f rom 5 to g months, and .:iir vour portion Immediately upon giadua- jjon .j,-rec railway pass furnlnhcd to dis- iinatlon. For further particulars apply Iner's Railway Telegraph School, IV Bank St. , , , f-':'".
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