Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on March 20, 1895 · Page 7
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March 20, 1895

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 7

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Logansport, Indiana
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Wednesday, March 20, 1895
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?S$<f^K$f^W!$^ CHILDEEN IN MEXICO. of Tfcera Are Said to Straiigoly Handsome. Be Both Hoy* nnil C'.rln Arc Stronc »nel Graceful and Arc Xntaral Artlut* _ —Tniiiicil tti Two ICi:muner- ^ utlva Imld'Urit'.'*. Many of the Mexican children are strangely hamlsornr. -,vith a sad. mature-look;!:;: beauty. Almost ail of them iirc-of 1.1 !:•:<•.••: I:ifli:m rind Spanish blood. All »f the; : :••.-" artists. The Spaniards who conquered Mexico and the Indians who were there at the time mixed themselves up in a racial tangle that wu tin.- absolutely unable to unravel. Hut for nil that, the- half- brced children of Mexico aro to-d:iy in many matters ami in most manner:; more like the children of old .Spain than arc the children of mo;U;rn Spain. The American Indians are tin: most conservative people cm ecrtli. The Indians of Mexico, says the Pall Mall Uudget, having, through internmrrhige, adopted the customs of old hip:iin—the Spain tliat Cortc/. knew—have preserved these customs as they havi: not been preserved in Cordova or Mailrid. The usurps of old Spain have become bone of the Mexican bone, flesh of the Mexican flesh, und will so remain, so _ lonff ns Mexico remains a characteristically individual nation. To-day in Mexico (especially in the le;i-,t travel-e-.-os.sed parts) the daily livcsof the children are more like the daily lives of the children over whom Ferdinand helped Isabella to reign than arc the daily lives of the children who to-day :-,un themselves in the bright realms of Spain's baby king. T have said that most of the children of Mexico are of mixed blood. There aro, however, a few proud old Mexican families who have never married with the natives. Certainly Uie children oE these few families are tfie fairest to look upon of Mexico's youngsters. Mexican children of the needy class used to be trained to two remunerative i'ndustries to which they are trained no —at least, the boys were. These industries we*c diving for coins and running. Diving for coins is a thriving trade m the waters of many latitudes, and in many longitudes: but there is nothing to prove that diving was brought to Mexico from other countries. Uut there A LITTI.K SE.VOR, aro proofs and to spare that diving- was for centuries part of the athletic training of every healthy Mexican boy. Th'c boys of Mexico no longer dive for coins, because the law forbids it. So at least 'ft high official writes who wus entreated to send me a vivid picture of a Mexican boy diving. Now here is news, indeed! In years not long gone by a goodly number of Mexican boys were, as soon (is they could toddle, trained to run. They inherited supple hips, strong thighs, tireless legs and nimble feet Irom their fathers und their grandfathers, and their great-grandfathers" . great-grandfathers. They had littlo Ik'or nothing save poor humanity in com- "mon with Hamlet; least of all were they over "scant of breath," nor •were they often "fat." When they grew to manhood and professional perfection they joined a corps which formed the only trusted, the only reliable messengers of Mexico. They often ran 850 miles in four and a half days. They made round trips of 700 miles in nine days, and were handsomely remunerated by twenty-live or thirty Mexican silver dollars. But this is an item of Mexico's past. The law—the law of nature, not the law of Mexico— has stepped in and said: "Enough! Xo more!" The Mexican runners arc dead, killed bv their mad overwork, and the boys of "Mexico'are no longer trained to "a livelihood that invariably proved suicidal. The boys who used to be trained to this business were always of quite or almost unmixed Indian Wood. Traces of the old rushing- national habit are quite discernible to those who • study the children of modern Mexico Those children, for all then- stolid faces and pathetic eyes, for all their Latin languor of motion, are wonder- fullv quick of limb. Iii the cities of Mexico the vast majority of the children are dressed very similarly to the children of European cities. Trhiiitlvp ntitti-r-Mutins Methods. Antony the Arabs a practice from time iro-.ueisorial has prevailed of churning by n'lacinglhe mill; in leather skins, which were shaken or beaten until the butter carae. The Huns did their churning by tying a bag of milk to i short lariat, the other end of which was'f:«;tened to the suldlc. PNEUMONIA RIGHTLY DEFINED. Begins Suddeply with » Chill and It Dependent on a Germ. Pneumonia proper, namely, croupous pneumonia, is an acute, infections disease, dependent on a specific germ. For long it was called by the laity "lung fever" and it is a. very appropriate term. It is one of the most prevalent and severe of the acute diseases. Inasmuch as the disease is usually ushered in by a chill, preceded by exposure Of one kind or another, it was formerly supposed that it was dependent upon cold" or congestion of the lung, but the investigations of pathologists, extending over a series of years, have demonstrated definitely both from the standpoint of clinical fact and observations and from the study of the material thrown off from the lung, as the product of inflammation, that the ciinse of pneumonia, proper is really an infectious agent which enters into tbe lung and there creates an inflammatory process in the same manner as the Klchs bacillus, which cause diphtheria, attacks the mucous surfaces of the throat or other parts which'il invades. To Kriedlandcr is given the honor of having his name associated with the specific germ which causes eroupous pneumonia, the form now under consideration; this per in is called thepneu- mococcus. The various other alleged causes of pneumonia must, of course, only be considered as predisposing _or exciting causes; in other words, the individual who takes cold has his power of resistance against the pneumocoe- cus lessened, and more readily falls a victim, the same as the child who is permitted from carelessness and exposure to ilevelope the condition called cold, is a standing invitation to scarlet fever, measles, diphtheria and other infectious diseases. Certain individuals seem to have a predisposition to pneumonia, the same as certain' others possess a certain tendency for the development of ery- sipelasand acute rheumatism. Indeed, cue attack of pneumonia in certain individuals seems to invite repeated attacks. There can be no doubt that among 'tho predisposing causes bad sanitation has apt-eminent place. Bad drainage, sewer gas, damp cellars, and an environment which is charged with the products of decomposition, are all conducive to the development of pneumonia, as other infectious diseases. The disease usually begins quite suddenly with a pronounced chill, lasting from a half hour to an hour, the attack coming at a time when the patient may be apparently in the best of health. The chilly period is promptly followed by fever, more or less severe, dependent upon the amount of the lung tissue involved. Short, labored breathing is a prominent symptom, and the experienced eye would almost suspect pneumonia from the character of the breathing and the hectic flush which is apt to bo present upon the cheeks. Of course the appetite is usually completely lost, and vomiting is sometimes present in the beginning. The temperature usually ranges high (from 104 to 105), and tho pulse is greatly increased in frequency in harmony with the elevation of temperature. Cough is an early symptom, and is usually painful. Expectoration in the beginning is difficult, owing to the small amount of secretion. By the second day. and oftentimes sooner, when expectoration is more free, the characteristic pneumonic sputum, or spit, appears, it being sticky and tenacious, a mixture of mucous and blood, the term "rusty" or "brick-dust sputum" being applied to it, and if it be darker, giving evidence of being more completely charged with blood, it is called prune juice sputum. Expectoration should be, of course, favored, the anatomical ir.jnry to the lung is due to a deposit within the air cells of a croupous matter (referred to THE DECOliATING CRAB. technically as a fibrous exudation) which tills tho affected part and interferes with tho normal oxygenating function of -the lung. The affected Jung or part of liing, by percussion upon the chest wall, gives evidence of solidification instead of being resonant. The dullness or flatness of a barrel half-filled with water-compared with the empty sound over the upper half illustrates the idea. Improvement iu the patient in favorable cases is usually as sudden at the onset of • the attack, the fall in temperature being by ''crisis," as it is termed, accompanied by a more or less free perspiration. In rare cases the fall i" temperature and general improvement is a gradual one. . Though the disease does not end by the sudden improvement and the appearance of the "crisis," this is deemed as a. favorable turn, and from that time forth. the outlook is a hopeful one. Where the crisis or sudtlen improvement does not take place the unfavorable symptoms are more prolonged, and the lung may even fail to clear up at all and un- deri,™ subsequent degeneration. When the victim has both lungs involved we refer to the disease as double pneumonia, and, o£ course, the outlook is •more unfavorable. A previous history of iilcoholism, or intemperance, is very bud; indeed, pneumonia is a deadly dangcrous disease to the excessive user of stron? driuk, as the nervous system has been whipped out to such an extent previously as to have little power of resistance against the infectious poison and the interruption of lung function.—X. Y. Sun. —Iloliand was so named by the Danes from a word signifying "marshy ground." Disguises Assume cix-by the Spider tor Protection. Sea Scr»p« of Marino Plants Bet Upon 1OT Pack to Conceal Its TVhcrnsbouts—Curlou* Wny§ o« a Gue«t »t Castlo GurUcn Aquarium. The sea spider, or decorating crab, has something of the appearance of a spider, bur, it is not repulsive as the spider is. It is common in many localities. The particular decorating crab here pictured is in the city's aquarium at Castle Uanlen. says the Now York Sun. This crab is about seven-eighths of an inch in si^u, so that thu picture shows it at pretty nearly life size. _ Thu decorating crab attains a size of five indies or more, but usually after reach- ins U VQ inches it ceases to decorate itself. It lives on other small crusiacea and small ii^h. The decorating crab takes its name from its habit of sticking upon its back scraps of marine pkinLs. and so on, which it places with deliberate cure. It is not unusual to find doc-orating crabs with little sea anemones on their backs. Sometimes tho crab pulls themoU' from their abiding place- on rucks or elsewhere and puts them on its back itself, and sometimes littlo anemones land upon the back of a decorating crab in the natural order of things, just as they might upon a spile or a stone, and stav there. So placed, they arc moved about :iuJ get a bigger range of feeding than they would if fixed in one place, and they arc apparently satisfied; if they were not they could easily let go and get off. In captivity, however, the anemones arc likely to leave the crab; they may be disturbed or they may be brushed off by • contact with planks iu the tank as the crab moves about. Scraps of seaweed and sprigs and littlo branches of various marine plants form the staple of the decorating crab's decorations, and with these i't continues to adorn itself in captivity as in freedom. In nature the decorating crab puts these things upon its back to protect itscH from its enemies. Hosting in the mud, and partly covered by it, and with these things rising from its back like a natural growth from the bottom, it is practically invisible. But in captivity it appears to select these things TJTE DECOKATIXO CF.AIi. and to place them upon its back with a view of ornamentation. The crab commonly stands upright on its rear feet, and it decorates itself rnainly about its head. Often, however, these crabs have practically all over their backs more or less short fibres of about their own color, which is nearly black. The taller things that they place about their heads are sometimes broken oft or rubbed oil as they & about, and then they put up fresh ones. The decorating crab's legs are eqnil in length and size. Its s claws have pincers like the ordinary crab's, but smaller. Tho decorating crab uses its pinccr claws to hold its food and convey it to its mouth, and to cut off and trim littlo branches and whatever else it may choose to decorate itself with. Each of its legs terminates in a single sharp, slightly curved claw. It may use a leg with its single claw to pick up food which, however, it passes along to bo taken by a pincer claw. The crab will hold a little branch of a marine plant with one claw and with the other snip off or pull off tiny sprays that it doesn't want to use. When it has trimmed a branch to its satisfaction it carries the butt to its mouth for tho glue or cement, and then it raises the branch tp-its back and sets the butt there, firmly holding it there until apparently the cement has hardened. When the branch is well in place it will break off before it will pull out; the cement appears to be insoluble in water. Sometimes the crab does not seem to be satisfied with the location first chosen, and then it tries again. Sometimes, apparently, it^ doesn't get enough glue on, a.nd then it carries the branch back to its mouth for more. ••What might be taken for a little broom splint sticking up from the head of the crab in the picture is a very slender brown fibre of some sea grass, in color not unlike hav. This fibre the crab set in place since it has been in the aquarium. It is very delicate, but, delicate as it is, the crab has set it firmly and securely. The little curving spray to the left of tho tall broom-spltot-Uke fibre is made up of a number of still finer fibres, set each separately and all with equal firmness and security. The more substantial little branch to the right of the basi) of the tall, fibre, looking some- thing Mice one of tne"Drancmng norns of a deer, is a little spray of solieria, ' which is a branching marine plant of a dark red color The crab walks up to such, a plant as the solieria, chooses a branch: and ; breaks it off with its pincers. It does , not alwavs keen the first brunch that it brcaks'ofr. It may discard it by simply letting go of it, or it may throw it away with one of its claws, as a person might throw anything away with one of his hands. Then it breaks off another branch. Often it takes pieces of ulva, or sea lettuce, which is of a dark green, and places them upon its back, tho trap she had bid for the flies, but that she might havu known ha wuik right into it—all these 'hi long to Uie domain of those sacred confidences of home life into which the meddlesome outsider has no right to intrude, ,: •>««•** i Am! th* flies reported for business I next mcrnlng, as usual.—Chicago Tribune. EMPRESS JOSEPHINE. Ilor Enrly :.!:;• r.ri'l Ili-r S'-T-:'-- :'.:i>:' rrom In 177!', v.-h!le the boys at lirienne were s:i;l tormenting the little untamed Corsioan noblemu'i. ;uul driving him to his garden fortalieo, there to seek refngo from Vhtiir taunts in company with his Plutarch, thero Imd arrived in Paris from Martinique a successful planter of that island, a French gentleman of good family, M. Tascher de la 1'ngerle, bringing back to that city for tho second time his daughter Josephine. She was then a girl of sixteen, without cither beauty or education, but thoroughly matured, and with a quick Creole intelligence and a graceful lithenessof figure which made her a most attractive woman. She had spent the years of her life from ten to fourteen in the convent of Port Royal. Having passed the interval in her native isle, she was about to contract a marriage which her relatives in France had arranged. Her betrothed was the younger son of a family friend, the Marquis de Bcanharuais. The bride landed on October 20, and tho ceremony took place on December 13. The young vicomte brought his wife home to a suitable establishment in the capital. Two children were born to them— Eugene and llortcnse; but before the birth of the latter the husband quarreled with his wife for reasons that have never been known. The court granted a separation, with alimony, to Mme. de Ueauharnais, who some years later withdrew to her father's home in Martinique. Her husband sailed to America with the force of Uouille, and remained there until the outbreak of the revolution, when he returned, and was elected a deputy to the states general. Becoming an ardent republican, ho was several times president of the National assembly, aud his house was an important center of influence. In 1T90 M. Tascher died, and his daughter, with her children, returned to France, It was probably at her husband's instance, for she at once joined him at his country seat, where they continued to live as "brother and sister" until Citizen Beauharnais was made commander of the Army of the Rhine. As the days of the Terror approached,'every man of noble blood was more and more in danger. At last Beauharnais' turn came; he, too, was denounced to tho commune, aud imprisoned. Before long his wife was behind the same. bars. Their children were in'the care of an aunt, Mme. Egle, who had been/and was again to be a woman of distinction in the social world, but had temporarily sought the protection of an old acquaintance, a former abbe who hr.-.l become a member of the commune. The gallant young general was not one of the four acquitted oat of the batch of forty-nine among whom he was final".y summoned to the bar of the revolutionary tribunal. He died on June 23, 179-1, true to his convictions, acknowledging in his farewell to his wife a fraternal affection for' her, and committing solemnly to her charge his own good name, which she was to restore by proving his devotion to France. The children were to be her consolation; they were to wipe out tho disgrace of his punishment by the practice of virtue and—civism.—Prof. Sloane, in Century. MARY Just .Ejected Prc.iidunt of t!;c National Council of IVoniPU. Mrs. Mary Lowe Dickinson, who lias just been elected president of the National Council of Women at the Washington convention, is a writerof marked ability, but is, perhaps, more widely known iu the educational field. She has thousands 'of friends throughout the United States who recognize the quality and extent.of what she has accomplished in this direction. She was 1 born in Massachusetts, but after her marriage resided for some years abroad,' and is now a resident of the city of New York. An early experience in life as a teacher led her to realize the need for j a more practical education for girls and : vromen. and she has sought to teach ; better systems of training. Her latest '^^E^^^^^^^^ssss^ §&§& ^d Lasitive TDrinciples of select vegetable products form an elegant tasting liquid Laxative. PMQN.TONIC-LAXATIVE LOWE DICKINSON. for infants and Children. HTRTY years 1 observation of Castorin, viih the patronaga ot t wiout Infant " and ft vorko Z B._It_»_h ? rmIe»». Children Klto it. It their oMld'a medicine. Castorift destroys Wormn. Castoria p.Uays Fovcrislinoss. Castorin. provants vomiting Soar Curd. Castorin cures Din.irhma and Wind CoHo. CftHtoria relieve* Teething; Troubles. Cnstorin. CTXT-OB Constipation a-ml rlo.tnloacr. ^^liz^ iho effects of carbonic 0-storia doc* not contain n fts ,m»ilato. tho food, rogulatos tho healthy and natural sloop. put up in ono-size bottle,, only. It j* not .old in Pon.'t nllnw any one to soil ron anything olxe Q" tho that it in " jn*t a». good " und " will Se» that yon g«t C-A-S-T-O-R-I-A. The f»o-i»lmilo of plc Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. For keeping the System In a Healthy Condition CURES Headache, f-nnp-c; ron^tlnatlon Acts on the Liver and Kidneys, Purities me r'or by W. H, J?orter. •WHERE DIRT GATHERS, WASTE RULES.* 1 GREAT SAVING RESULTS FROM THE USE OF SAPOLIO [CYCLES ARE THE HIGHEST OF ALL HIGH GRADES. .Warrant*! Superior to nny Blcycla KulH '.'.'."'.".I i tlie World itftgardltsa ot Price Built and suarantecJ by tbe Indiana Bicycle Co a Million iuJlnr corporation, wlinse bp«4 l» ?*'aood L-KOM. Do i.ot buy * tvnecl until jou liaveswtitlieWAVEBLEY. M . 11 *nr Catalo-ueTree. Good .iRcnts wanted In Scorcher 21 Ibs., $85 " • -~ Indiana Sicycie Co., Indianapolis, Ind.. U.fr.A* •MP.S. il.VRV LOWS DICIilXSOX. •n-ork of importance was in Denver, CM YriKw *he held a fuU prcrfessor- ship in "English 'literature. 'Such an estimate was placed on the value of her services, not only as an instructor, out as a social and raorol influence, thather chair was one of the first to be fully endowed, and when ill-health obliged her to resign this position the chair was named for her, and she was made emeritus professor, and holds now its lectureship iu English literature. She has been secretary of the woman s branch of the American Bible society, national superintendent of the so-called department of higher education in the Woman's Christian Temperance union and president of the Woman's National Indian association. She conducted for six years a magazine devoted to the care of invalids, and held an associate editorship with IMward Everett Hale in his Magazine of Philanthropy. She is now president of the order of King's Daughters, and editor of its magazine. Her principal literary works are "Among tbe Thoras," "The Amber Star"' and "One Little Life." novels; and, in poetry, "The 'Divine Christ" and "Easter Poems." *• Ore man suggests,, tnat one teal should be milked at a time. Another laughs at the idea. Experiment has shown that when one teat at a time was milked the milk had a less percentage of fat than it had when drawn ia tbe ordinary way.— Farmers' Voice. One of the most in'tcresting specimens in the National museum at V.'aishington is a cast of an egg of most gigantic size, which was found in a guano bed on the Island of Madagascar about twenty-five years ago- The shell of this egg will hold almost exactly two gallons of liquid, which would wake its capacity equal to 14S average eggs laid bv the common barnyard fowl. The bird which laid this mammoth egg K now extinct, ami'has been for probably 300 years. To the scientist—who knows it, by its bones and eggs—it is known as the epiornis. and its restored skeletons prove it to have been a bird at least 13 feet in height. Arab sailors who visited Madagascar centuries ago, when the epiornis was still living, are believed to have brought back the stones concerning it which finally developed into the fabulous narratives of the roc: MERCURIAL POISON i results from thett=oaltreatiacntof blood troubles I bfwhicb U>e system is filled with jDorcuiy and ! SiiL,limiiturci~morc to be drtade<J than the I §S£se—Hud in a short wlitte is in a. ivoise con- I dirion than before. X the <$ows begin to scatter aa soon as a man appears, it may be coa- clnded.that he is a rongh man and is destroying the profits of his dairy in a very foolish way. nHEUMATIS;.; »<1 aching join'? make life ffifceraWc. ,_---. areliable cure for mercurial rfaeu^ausm, ana nflbrds relief even after all eke has Jailed. It is euajamted purely •»tE«- ^ble. and absolutely harmless; take no substitute. Send for our on blood aaa s. malted irce 10 any address. 1 COill'ANY, Atlanta. G«-

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