The Daily Oklahoman from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma on April 16, 1995 · 228
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The Daily Oklahoman from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma · 228

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Issue Date:
Sunday, April 16, 1995
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THE SUNDAY OKLAHOMAN More Than A Million Readers Every Sunday EARLY BIRD EDITION OKLAHOMA CITY, OK SUNDAY, APRIL 16,1995 292 PAGES $1.50 Mankiller End ing Days as Chief Of Cherokees By Stacy D. Johnson Staff Writer : . TAHLEQUAH Piles of documents and paperwork cover nearly every inch of Wilma Mankiller' s desk. But rather than a mood of urgency, the businesslike office has a relaxed atmosphere. A visitor feels comfortable immediately. As her time as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation nears its end, there's is no misunderstanding about Mankiller's dedication to her job, which she has had for almost 10 years. In fact, Mankiller, 49, is just as busy after choosing not to run for re-election as she has been in the. role of leader of the largest tribe in Oklahoma and second largest in the nation. Her time now is spent trying to clear off her desk and create a smooth transition for a new chief, to be elected in June. Moments before an interview with The Oklahoman Mankiller asked an office worker if an estimate for an airplane ticket could be lowered because the price seemed too high. It's that no-nonsense approach that Mankiller has used to lead the Cherokees, considered one of the most organized and well Questions Raised By Murder Retrial House Bill Seeks Swifter Justice Stall Photo by Rogor Klock Wilma P. Mankiller, principal chief of the Cherokee Nation, is ending her career as leader of the largest Indian tribe in Oklahoma and the second largest in the nation. developed tribes in the nation. by Charlie and Irene Mankiller. Mankiller was born in 1945 in Her father, now deceased, was Stilwell, the sixth of 11 children See MANKILLER, Page 18-A By Mark A. Hutchison Staff Writer The death penalty always will be debated. And if Oklahoma House Bill 1659 becomes law, you can bet discussions concerning capital punishment will for some time include the name Adolph Honel Munson. Munson this month was acquitted by a Custer County jury in the 1984 slaying of Alma Hall, a Clinton convenience store clerk. It was another Custer County jury in 1985 which convicted Munson of the murder and sentenced him to death. The state alleged Munson, who was an escapee from a work release center, kidnapped Hall; killed her at a Clintonr motel and dumped her body , in Sham-: rock, Texas. The difference in the trials? It depends on who you ask. Prosecutors said their case was hin: dered the second time because their chief witness, Clinton police. Lt. Tom Siler, died in 1990. But defense attorney Bill Devinney of Oklahoma City says simply that in the first trial "there was outright deceit, lies and perjury" by some prosecution witnesses. For example, Devinney said dozens of pages of reports and photographs from police and the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation weren't turned over to See BILL, Page 2-A 'Black Sunday' Of Dust Bowl Not Forgotten By Ann DeFrange Staff Writer CHEYENNE Certainly he recalls April 14, 1935, Ike Lucas affirms. For his generation, that day is "like Pearl Harbor. Everyone remembers where they were." He was a boy living with his family on the same section where his new farmhouse sets today. When the huge black cloud rolled in from the north, "It looked like a tidal wave. It stretched from that end of the earth to that end of the earth." The day is noted in history books as Black Sunday, for the afternoon when the worst single storm of the Dust Bowl picked up acres of Oklahoma soil and blew it so far dirt settled on cities several states away. People and livestock were lost temporarily. Families hung wet sheets and towels at the seams of their homes. Some thought the world was ending. In the 60 years since the Dust Bowl, soil conservation methods and government programs have attempted to ensure such a catastrophe can't recur. But, Lucas cautions, JBA Roger -jj Mills County Black Kettlik ' National; .jp Grassland fcy-- Kheyenne '''''' ' .1 The Oklahoman "To those of us who lived through the dust storms, it's always in the back of our mind." Ike Lucas' son, Frank, born long after the Dust Bowl days and now a U.S. congressman, has learned the lessons of western Oklahoma, too. "I'm cautious of those who advocate we just throw the whole $9 billion farm bill out and let the world market be our guide." Letting nature take its course is unwise, he said, considering "the fickle nature of Mother Nature on See DUST, Page 18-A Staff Photo by Jim Arao Above: Reaching retirement, Ike Lucas plans to put some of his productive farm land back into seed. He remembers the shifting soil of the 1930s and takes precautions. Left: From the personal keepsakes of Ellon Ellis of Cheyenne is a photo taken April 14, 1935, near her home in Durham. Ellis, who was 12 years old, remembers trying to save the family cow from the "black blizzard." Wooden Cross Tells Woman's Story of Faith By Pat Gilliland Religion Editor A simple wooden cross among the trees and flowers outside Marie Bridgeman's Oklahoma City home silently testifies to her faith. While many Christians gather with family and friends in churches this Easter morning to celebrate their belief in Jesus' resurrection, Bridge-man hopes the cross in her yard can carry the message of God's love to street people and others in her neighborhood. Since early Friday, the nine-foot cross, which was erected by a friend last October, has been covered with a black bedspread. But at sunrise on Easter morning, Bridge-man planned to remove the shroud to reveal this handpainted message: "Jesus Christ is Risen!" Bridgeman, who will be 75 on Saturday, said she has been a Christian 50 years, Bridgeman is known among area clergy and churchgoers for her ongoing witness for Christianity and against Big Bucks Riding Greenhorn Guard Experiences Prison From the Inside On Plans to Kill Our Dollar Bill By David Zizzo Staff Writer On one side are squiggles, leaves and George Washington. On the other, a spread eagle, more squiggles, a pyramid with a glowing eyeball and the Latin phrase, "Novus Ordo Seclorum," literally, "It's not polite to stare." The dollar. Begun in antiquity as the Joachimsthaler, it became the "thaler," and then the "dalar" and eventually the symbol of America we all know. We gladly trade it for 99.9100ths of a gallon of gas or we ignore it when Peter Jennings forces bureaucrats to discuss it using words like "in-Sco DOLLAR, Page 17-A Suit Photo by fltaw Slinty Marie Bridgeman stands near a nine-foot cross she placed outside her home In the 1200 block of NW 1 In Oklahoma City to help proclaim to street people and passersby the Easter story of Christ's death and resurrection. evil, especially at Halloween. But she's never gotten overly excited about Easter until this year. Bridgeman is not the only one who is expressing a renewed spiritual interest in Easter this year. The Rev. Judy Foote, pastor at Grace Lutheran Church in Oklahoma City, looked forward to joining about 28 to 30 members of her congregation for a Easter sunrise service at Resthaven Cemetery. Although she's only been pastor of the church for six months, her congregation of more than See EASTER, Pago 14-A Accent 101 Things For Your Kids To Do This Summer I'm bored, bored, bored! The battle cry can be heard In living rooms across America. Fight back this summer. In today's Accent section, we've compiled a list to boost your arsenal of defense - ' 101 8urellre boredom beaters to keep the kids at bay. Editor's Note: Writer Lori Roz-sa spent a week working as a correctional officer at the maximum-security South Florida Reception Center in West Dade to roport on the conditions of guards. By Lori Rozsa Knlght-RIJdr Nawi 8rvlc WEST DADE, Fla. I am marching to the chow hall alongside four dozen robbers, rapists and killers who think I'm a real guard. I am unarmed. This brown uniform is my only defense, a fragile psychological barrier. The inmates are testing the boundaries, talking loud for my benefit, "We could all rush them, and it'd be over in five seconds," one says. "It would just take three of us, and it'd be over," another says. They are so right. Florida prisons chief Harry Singletary likes to say it's always a thin line between control and chaos. A real officer would have stopped the line and dressed thorn all down, reminding thorn that there's a rule against talking in line. I didn't have the nerve. The inmates Soe GUARD, Pago 12-A Snipers Kill 2nd Soldier In Bosnia SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) A French peacekeeper was killed Saturday by sniper fire in Sarajevo, the second to die in the Bosnian capital in two days. His death came as U.N. soldiers and Bosnian police began to put back up the anti-sniping barricades huge cargo containers and abandoned buses that had been removed from the capital. They were removed in March 1994, when a period of relative peace settled on Sarajevo. The soldier was shot in the chest Saturday morning on "Sniper Alley" while trying to jump out of a U.N. forklift used for positioning the shields. A U.N. spokeswoman, Capt. Myriam Sochacki, said at least three shots were fired, one smashing through the forklift's windshield. It was unclear where the shots came from. Peacekeepers returned fire. The peacekeeper died just 20 minutes before a French plane landed to pick up the body of the peacekeeper who was killed Friday. That peacekeeper was struck by a bullet in the neck while driving through the front-line suburb of Dob-rinja close to the airport. A U.N. spokesman, Lt. Col. Gary Coward, said an investigation into Friday's killing had proved inconclusive. He later said the shot could have been fired by either side the Bosnian army or rebel Serbs although the army positions were more likely. Since early 1992, 159 peacekeepers have been killed in the former Yugoslavia. The French soldier shot Saturday was the 58th killed in a combat-related incident. Also Saturday: A preteen boy was wounded in the chest by sniper fire near Sarajevo's northern edge, a hospital official reported. His condition was described as serious. Serbs continued to prevent U.N. fuel convoys from passing through their territory to resupply peacekeepers, creating serious problems in government-held enclaves like Gorazde. Serbs expelled more than 100 Muslims from the northeastern city of Bijeljina over the last two days, recent arrivals in the northern city of Tuzla reported. Those expelled included 13 men taken hostage for subsequent use in prisoner-of-war exchanges. An estimated 200,000 people have been killed or recorded missing since Bosnia's war began in April 1992, when Serb nationalists helped by the Yugoslav army revolted against Bosnia's secession from Serb-dominated Yugoslavia. Fighting is increasing as the May 1 expiration of a nationwide cease-fire nears. Both rebel Serb and Bosnian government leaders have said the truce, already in tatters, will not be extended. Good Morning Weatherllne Call 478-3377 for local reports, forecasts. Increasingly cloudy skies are expected today in Oklahoma, with high temperatures from the 60s to the 80s; 79 in the city. Page 16-A inside 339.350 Bridge 14-A Editorial 10-A Obituaries 16-A Paid Circulation Prime Time 13-A Last Sunday 8 Sections Dollvory Sorvlco 478-7171 Ufnnl Ails .175.3(101 j nihnr nulla AIR.iXM 1 Entire contents copyright 1995, The Oklahoma Publishing Co., Box 25125, Oklahoma City, OK 73125, Vol. 104, No. 15. Prayer for Today YOUR greatness, gracious L6rd, surrounds us at Easter, because you bring us renewed hope and the promise of turning darkness into light. Thank you for your eternal love. Amen. nV

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