WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 19-18 BLYTHEVn.I.E (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE SEVEN U.S. Demands Korean Election UN's Little Assembly Urged to Act in Spite Of Soviet Opposition By Richard Wilkin (United Press Stuff Correspondent) LAKE SUCCESS. N. Y.. Feb. '>5 (UP)—The United States demanded today that the United Nations "little assembly" order election of national government in Korea despite Russia's refusal to admit ;he UN Korean Commission into ;Ue Northern Zone. ^American Delegate Philip c. Jess- itf laid before tlic Soviet-boycotted "little assembly" a step by step plan for defying the Soviet opposition and electing "two thirds" Df a Korean national assembly. It would involve un-supervised elections in the American-occupied Southern zone of Korea, where approximately two thirds ot Korea's 30.000,000 reside. This, said Jessup. would make possible election ol a national leg- I Islaturc repiesentlng a sizeable ma- [jority of the Korean people. UN supervisors would divide Ko- I rea into sections, .supervising elec- I lions in each sector beginning At I the extreme South. If they arc [stopped at tlie 38th parallel spllt- jting Korea in American and Rus- I sian zones. Jessup said, "one third I of tile Korean people would have I been denied opportunity to seat I rcpresentativs in tli assmbly." Opposes Change in Plans Jessup opposed a segment o[ UN I members who favored changing the I UN plan for Korea In the face of j I the Soviet-bloc boycott of the Am- 1 erican-inspired Korean Commi.v j sion. These countries favored hold- 1 Ing elections In the Southern zone I for the purpose of appoints^? rep- I rcsentatlves who would confer i-lth I the UN and perhaps with spokesmen for the Communin dominated Northern zone. The results of the election would not produce a national government as desired by the United stitei. Jessup, denouncing Russia's refusal to join in the Korean program, said Moscow was not justl- ' "M in its boycott If it really rte!,-s unity and freedom for Ions- oppressed Korea He expressed hope that Koreans elected to the "national assembly" under his plan would ultimately bp able to arrange a settlement with the Northern zone. "We have reluctantly been led to I the conclusion," he said, "that un- I lly for Korea in the present circumstances cannot be secured through soviet-American conversations." Caribbean Maneuvers A .stiiTfr lomainmR n heat ehtu'Kr 1 oilers ti'.iirk hot drinks or liquid I foods foi 1 sportsmen or travelers. A ing in [he h;\ml!c sols oil I lie iRe and quick, Intense liont is icrated without Mines or odors. Pants legs rolled up and munis shoes anrt socks, Secretary of Army Kenneth C. Royal] "hits" Ihe beach at Vieques Island otf Puerto Rico \vilh the Second Marine Divi.sion during an ntnpliibious operation ol' tlie U. S. Atlantic Fleet. tNEA Tele))lioto by An nickcrby.) Tuskegee Institute's Records Show Bin Decline in Lynchings Road Courier Ne»* Wiuit Ads when 231 persons— 16J Ncsroes ""d ' 6i) whiles, were thus killed. In IBM, Ihore were 211 lynchliigs— 160 Nc- Sroes and 51 whites. i Mississippi, with 574 Ij'nchlnss. ] trails. Included are 5'J3 Negroes, and 41 whiles. Georgia ranks second. with 525— of which 481 were* Negroes, and 38 whites. Texas has 489 lynchlngs, 346 Negroes and 143 ] whites. ! Alabama's 66-year record Includes i 346 lynchlngs. 299 Negroes anrt 47 | vhites. | To bo counted as a lynching by he division: "There must be. legal ^•Idence that a person was killed. The person must have met dentil llegnlly. A group must have parll- cipaled In the killing. The group must have acted under pretext ol service to justice, race, or tradition." Most mob notion came In retaliation for alleged murder, rape, or attempted rape, or for charged stealing. Southern Regional council statistics point out that the 12 slates lending In lynch cases since 1882. rank lowest In education. Since 1900. there were, 1.074 lynch- InRs, nnd 82 convictions. There have been 07 convictions In S}ou- thern states, but no lynch-mob member hns paid the supreme penalty. Last ycnr. when there wns only only lynching— In Soulh Carolina— 44 persons were Indicted as participants in lynohlnss or attempted lynchlngs. All 44 were freed. Proposed Bill Will Raise G.I. Disability Benefits WASHINGTON. Feb. 25. <UP> | Rep. Hubert S. Ellis. R.. W. Va.. tias introduced a bill to Increase by 2i per cent all veterans' disability flnc death benefits and pension rates. Another measure introduced: Rep. Dwight li. Rogers. D.. Fla.— to authorise spending of $60.003. | 000 lev additional flood control ii Central and Southern Florida b: J expanding the project under wa « the Caloosacatchee River an: ke Okeechobee drainage areas. By Burns Bennett (UniU-rt Press Staff Correspondent) TUSKEGEE, .Ala.. Feb. 25. IUP) - Tuskegce Institute's carefully ompiled 65-year record of U. S. nch cases, furnishes powerful ev- dence for both sides, in the cur- ent battle of President Truman's reposed civil rights program. Tuskegee's Division of Records nd Reports lists 4,117 lynchtngs . rom 1882 through 1947. | But, during the 1937-47 period, i here were only 44 lynchings. with 20 reported lynch attempts pie- ented by police, city officials, cit- ' zens, and escaping victims. One ynch victim recovered, after be- ng left for dead by a mob. The | igure included 42 Negroes, and .wo whites. Of the overall total who met death by mob violence, -Tuskcgee rctords 'say that 3,426 were Negroes. 1,2.91 whites. The figure has fallen steadily downward, with the exception of 1946 when six persons were lynched. In 1901. there were 130 lyncjings. That figure has never since been approached. Death toll for the past 13 years has included: 1935—20: )936~—8- 1937—«; 1938--8; 1939—3; 1940—5: 1941—4; 194'2—5; 1943—3; 1944—2; 1945—1; 1946—6, and 1947 J "As the number of lynchings in the U. S. has grown fewer, so has the munber of those unsuccessfully attempted. "The vigilance of law enforcement officials ana the intelligent action of numbers of private citizens have kept many intended victims from being put to death," the Division's annual report for 1941 says. Seven Have No Lynching* Maine. New Hampshire, Vcr- i mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island. Connecticut!, and and the District of Columbia, have never i recorded a lynching, Delaware and New Jersey have had only one lynching in the 65 years, nnd New j York has had only two deaths in ' such a manner. | Peak year for lynchinps was 1892 Rugs Cleaned We clean any type rug with guaranteed correctness. Your best is safe here. We have a specialist at work always. Blythcvlllc'i only complete rug cleaners. 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