Lubbock Avalanche-Journal from Lubbock, Texas on April 1, 1968 · Page 20
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Lubbock Avalanche-Journal from Lubbock, Texas · Page 20

Lubbock, Texas
Issue Date:
Monday, April 1, 1968
Page 20
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4-C ♦ ♦ LBIiICK MUMM-imUl— Hwfty Not!«. toll 1.1WI FEW ARMED WITH TANKS, FLAMETHROWERS, MACHINE GUNS Police Found Better Pr By LOUIS CA88CLS ¡tor of the International Associa-|the ghetto's grievances «bout tJPI Senior Editor jtion of Chiefs of Police, said higjjobs, housing and schools. America’s law enforcement1 organization polled police dc-j Some cities—among them agencies *re better prepared'partments of 120 cities without Atlanta, Baltimore, Cleveland, than they were last summer to finding a single one that has Detroit, New York, St. Louis, cope with outbreaks of urban rioting. But—contrary to widely-circulated reports—police departments are not arming them* selves with such military Weapons as tanks, flamethrowers and heavy machine guns. A few cities are buying acquired or plans to acquire heavy military arms. He said some news media have "done a disservice by publishing reports of massive stockpiling of combat weapons.” Tear Gas Backed The FBI manual on riot control, available to all police departments, states that tear helicopters and armor-platedjgas is "the most effective and trucks which can bo used to j most humane means of achiev- transport police quickly into riot! ing: neutralization of a mob with areas. Several are stockpiling;a minimum of personal injury.” the kind of scope-equipped rifles But the Kcrner Commissions in which are most effective Countering sniper (ire. Little Impact Noted . A nationwide UPI survey shows, however, that major cit'cs will rely primarily on tear gas, billy clubs, shotguns and other ronventional police weapons to control any disorders th *t may develop this summer The survey also that: found that relatively few police departments had adequate supplies of tear gas and masks at the time of last summer's riots. This deficiency is being remedied, the UPI survey showed. In addition to conventional tear gas grenades and launchers, many cities are buying other non-lethal chemi- disclosed,ca)Sf sucn as "Mace,” which I take the fight out of an unruly —Virtually every city now has one or more programs aimed at providing better job and housing opportunities for residents of black ghettos. But many of these programs are so poorly financed as to constitute mere token gestures. Few, If any, have had any visible impact on the miserable living conditions which are root causes of the ghetto's explosive discontent. — Officials in most cities are publicly optimistic about the prospects of avoiding seriousjsioner rioting this summer. But their j “flying individual without causing per manent injury. The Kemer Commission also called attention to glaring weaknesses in the training of police for riot control duty. All of the 20 cities covered by the UPI survey reported that steps have been taken to correct this. Precautions Taken Several cities have set up specially - trained emergency squads to respond to riot calls. Philadelphia’s police Commis- Frank L. Rizxo has squads” of policemen hopeful statements are based in waiting in air-conditioned buses part on a belief that predicting a* strategic points around the trouble is a Rood way to bring it city, ready to move quickly to on. Privately, many admit to considerable anxiety. Americans Anxious —There is widespread fear imong ordinary citizens, white and black, about what the summer of 1968 may bring. An ominous symptom of this fear In some communities is a sharp increase hi private purchases of gun« and pistols. The national riots commission, headed by Gov. Otto Kemer of Illinois, in its recent report warned cities against over-reacting to the danger of riots by equipping police depart* ... ments with “highly destructive!nicd ffirrmlnm implements of war.” _ Trained Declaring that tanks, machine! . up jocal police and other military wea*¡departments, should a riot get “massive and indiscri-ou* control, are National any area where a massive show of police manpower might nip an incipient riot in the bud. Boston has a "tactical patrol force” composed of veteran officers. Los Angeles has “special weapons and tactics” squad, consisting of 45 four-man teams. Each team includes a rifleman trained In anti-sniper fire, a spotter, and two officers with shotguns to provide covering fire. Pittsburgh has a specially trained force whose members carry three-foot billy clubs and tear gas weapons, and are sometimes accompa- San Francisco and Washington -have notably accelerated their remedial activities during the past year. A few cities—Boston and Philadelphia are outstanding examples—are investing substantial amounts of local energy, initiative and capital in the task. The majority are relying primarily on federally- financed housing, job training and anti-poverty programs. But the survey turned up no convincing evidence that America is putting forth the ”massive and sustained” effort or achieving the “quick and visible progress” for which the Kemer Commission pleaded. Even the cities which are doing the most have thus far barely scratched the surface of the ghetto’s problems. Detroit is a case In point. Vigorous action by private industry has produced 28,400 new jobs since last summer's riot. But news of the employment opportunities attracted such an influx of job-seekers that Detroit today has 1,000 more unemployed than it had a year ago. Throughout the country. UPI reporters found among Negro leaders, white antipoverty workers and ghetto residents feeling that little real progress has been made since last summer. “Seratehes At The Sariaee” Sally Carroll, president of the NAACP chapter in Newark, said guns pons of “massive and minitp lethality" have no place in police arsenals, the commission said: "If violence by rioters go« beyond the capability of the- ^ 4 . . . .. . policr to control. traincd!Dcl>ar,™ntJ iMwd orteiyhat military forces should be called Guard units in every state. Following widespread criticism of the performance of Guard units in last summer’s Newark and Detroit riots, the Defense in. We should not attempt to convert our police into combat troops equipped for urban warfare.” Arsenal Modified The tJPI survey indicated that U.S. cities are heeding this advice. "We’re holding hard and fast to the regular police approach,” said police Superintendent J.L. Moseley of Atlanta. “We have made modifications In our police arsenal but have not gone into large, massive- power weapons.” said Cincinnati Safety Director Henry Sandman. "We will not resort to excessive force in any situation." There were many responses. Police Polled Although most cities have invested in additional police equipment since the summer of 1967, the survey showed, the majority of this expenditure has gone into non-lethal crowd control weapons such as tear gas; armored vests, helmets and other protective equipment for police; improved comm uni cations facilities, and new vehicles to speed deployment of large detachments of police into jKitential trouble zones. Quinn Tamm, executive direc- cvcry Guard unit must undergo at least 32 hours of riot control training. Steps also have been taken to provide Guardsmen with tear gas, helicopters (to search rooftops for snipers), and other special riot equipment. The third line of defense against civil disorder is the regular Army, which has detailed seven units totalling 15,000 men for riot duty if needed this summer. Protective body srmor, bullhorns, searchlights, and a variety of new tear gas dispensers have been stockpiled at Army depots across the country. The scope of these prepara tions suggests that if riots doi KIDDIELAND—Young visitors to the Bell System Pavilion at HemisFair ’68 will find a Kid- dieLand area designed especially for them. The display will give youngsters an opportunity to talk to their favorite cartoon character in a Western setting in English or Spanish. While grownups won’t be permitted into the corral they can listen to the conversation on receivers located just outside of the fenced area as pretty Nancy Daniel, one of the telephone company’s pavilion hostesses is doing. READY TO ENTERTAIN VISITORS Phone Firm’s HemisFair Pavilion Will Vie With Midway As Attraction By DAVE KNAPP I Wilson and projected by mirrors I Fair ’K8 officials are that it will AVMlanche-Journal Staff |to a screen on stage. be 95 percent complete by open- SAN ANTONIO HemisFair Other features of the exhibit ing day. That's three per cent ’88 won’t be 100 per cent com-! are a picturephone, an age gues- {better than Expo 67 was when plete when the gates of the $136 ser, tic tac toe, voice mirror,lit got underway in Canada. pitch match, speed of dialing, Hr* Deals Damage kiddicland in which youngsters HemisFair has not been the job, housing and improvement programs taken there since last riot amount to "scrstchces at the surface.” An official investigating commission appointed by New Jersey Gov. Richard J. Hughes reached the same conclusion. Mrs. Vel Phillips, only Negro member of Milwaukee’s Common Council, said a 39-point program launched by Mayor Henry Maier after a riot last July has thus far had “no visible effect on the root causes” of ghetto unrest. "Every day is growing worse,” she said. “Hope goes a long way toward keeping things cool, but Negroes never get anything concrete to hang their hopes on. I don’t believe in violence, and I hope we don’t have any more. But we’d all better realize that many young Negroes have reached the point where they’re ready and willing to die because they figure they have nothing to lose.” “Simply Not Enough” In Boston, Mayor Kevin H. White, who has worked hard to relieve ghetto grievances since he took office last January, told UPI reporter Dave Haskell that local efforts, however strenuous, “can be fully meaningful only if accompanied by a reordering of Washington’s priorities as well.” “The current level of federal funding of housing, employment and welfare programs is simply school ¡distributed by extremist groups cause under­ year’s both its —that "next time” Negroes will newspapers have is hut invade the suburbs and burn down by labor disputes* for down white homes instead of destroying their own ghetto neighborhoods. ftamor Millt Busy The stockpiling of private armaments is also going on in Negro sections of Detroit. There, the rumor mills are spreading the terror-tale that whites are planning "black genocide a mass slaughter of Negroes—at the first sign of trouble. “Every black person I know has got a gun or is in the process of getting one,” said the Rev. Albert B. Cleage Jr., a Negro militant leader. Detroit is particularly vulnerable to alarmist rumors be- more than three months* or Cavanagh has set up a “rumor control center” which alaifred citizens may call with the kind of questions they nasally would expect their newspan^* to answer. It has been lulling about 200 calls a day. Reports of heavy gun-buym~ came from several otherrm^o fit if* ft ..- “Gun sales are skyrocket^as are gun thefts.’! said reporter Daniel C. Riker in Baltimore. v "Many white householders ar- arming" themselves a g $ lft,s 1 feared incursions Into t*Hr neighborhoods." said Boh* ¡Weston in Cincinnati. *• MOVIES , EVEN Marines Add FriBs mm To Deep Bunker&r By JOHN T. WHEELER KHE SANH Vietnam (AP) “Home Is where you dig it,” proclaims a sign atop a bunker ripped by shrapnel. For 5,500 surrounded Marines in Khe Sanh making a home are the major souccfè ' for boards. Spools tor electrical cables make handy, if rustic, coffee tables. In the midst of the apparent chaos there are two notf}>lc exceptions to the makestetf»*and generally unpleasant bunfÇfc£ Refrigerator, Eve»«»»» One belongs to the Air |5fce out of a hole with a steel and not enough to meet the hopes sandbagged roof is a way of kindled by the enactment of kCeping spirits up during the ___ ____o_________^ these very programs,” he said, j seemingly endless days of shell-'detachment and includes *»*5nr, In New York, correspondent!ing. liron beds with springs, j^fri- Judson Randall found residents; Khe Sanh was once a pleasantjgerator and an atmosphere of of Harlem and other ghettos ¡outpost with neat streets, tents.! spacious luxury compared to fast losing hope that anything;buildings, clubs, and movies, anything else inside the barbed Now the appearance is one of a | wirc». cross between a bombed-out vil-i The second belongs to thatfe.-i- lage and a city dump. Because ¡bees, members of a navaL^on- million exposition swing open April 6 but one of the fit si pavilions finished will be vying with the midway as a top fun attraction during the six-month-long run. Sugar-coating its corporate product with gaiety and magic, the Bell System formally opened its modernistic pavilion for the company’s top brass and scores of newsmen from several states here Friday morning. Cleaver Cuts Ribbon R. A. Goodson, president of host Southwestern Bell Telephone Co., cut the symbolic rib* can talk by telephone to their favorite Disneyland characters and a product display. Bell participation in the Hemisfair '68 extravaganza was almost four years in the making, from the time the first letter on it was filed until the pavilion was completed. New Transistorised System Southwestern Bell has a pretty big stake in the overall picture, too. The company has installed enough communications facilities on the 92-acre complex to tive assistant in two equal parts at the same time. similar occur in U.S. cities this The illusion was created by summer, they can be brought master magician Mark Wilson. dCaVPr andsCTns* meet the telephone needs of a ly divided a magician s attrac* “ • - —- under control more quickly, and with less loss of life, than was the case in Detroit and Newark last summer. Remedial Activities While preparing to suppress riots quickly if they occur, America’s cities also arc seeking to prevent them by relieving the conditions which breed desperation in black ghettos. A survey of major cities from coast to coast reveals that virtually all of them are taking action of some kind to deal with UNITED STATES POSTAGE LAW AND ORDER STAMP—This is the design of a fc-cent Law and Order commemorative postage stamp which will be issued May 17 during Police Week. It shows a policeman and a small boy walking hand in hand. (AP Wirephoto) community of about 5,000 persons. Cables for radio, television and voice communications serving , », . .the fair area have been placed who is producer of The Magic ¡n conduit or underground by of the Telephone, a combina-j (j)e telephone company to add to Hon live and filmed show which j the beauty of the fairgrounds, will be presented in the Bell pa-; video transmission to and vilion for the 184-day HemisFair. from the “world’s fair” will be Look Beyond HemisFalr Earlier in the ceremonies — performed outdoors under threatening skies—Goodson told the visitors, “The men who dreamed of HemisFair had a vision. They looked beyond HemisFair —to the impact of the fair, the city, and the state will have on those who visit here. They realized that San Antonio and Texas, when HemisFair closes its gates on Oct. 6. will be a different San Antonio and a different Texas The city and state and its people be accomplished by a new transistorized system designed by Bell Laboratories. It is the first of its kind placed in service in any of the 22 Bell System operating companies. But unless a HemisFair ’69 is scheduled — and there’s plenty of talk that It will be — some of the structures will come down within 90 days after the fair closes. Some of them aren’t completely finished yet devoid of problems. Last week, fire damaged engines of the Mini-Monorail, causing $10,000 to $15,000 in damage. Firemen said the blaze was started because the engines were being operated without a protective covering. In addition to some trouble with the tower elevator, labor problems also beset the exposition earlier. As late as Friday, the fair was 88 per cent complete and officials said 17 of its 19 private exhibits could be opened within 24 hours if necessary. Except for the Tower of the Americas, all other restaurants will be ready for opening day. City Scrubbed, Primed Another question is: Will San Antonio be ready? Main thoroughfares leading to the complex are undergoing face-lifting, the city is being scrubbed and primed for an estimated 7.2 million to 12 million visitors. Motels a stone's throw away are being rushed to completion— with woricmen hammering away 24 hours a day—getting ready h>r the big opening. Parking lots are springing up everwhere— even in some yards. The entire complex replaces a once-blighted section of San substantial will be done to make their lives less bleak. “Last year, ghetto residents saw Mayor John V. Lindsay as ’a man who’s going to move’ and they viewed the federal anti-poverty program as a promising effort to save them from their misery," Randall reported. Youth Disillusioned “Today, the mood of Harlem, Bedford-Stuyvesant, and other New York ghettos seems to be one of disillusionment, particularly among the youth. "The ones I interviewed kept throwing questions back at me: 'Where are those recreation facilities? Where is the new housing? Where are all those jobs?’” summed up in the wry words ofl^r* anvwhrr* Mitchell I. Ginsberg, adminis-;a young 1 a fu\rnAi«al * 4i A I trator o,* New York’s anti- house is poverty program, acknowledged!home ” that programs now in operation1 With judicious purchases are pathetically inadequate to through friends who get a few simply lsn t on outside, many have of the danger in removing trash, much of it is just piling up. Try To Add Frills When the Marines began going underground In January some naturally did better than others. The better quarters and pleasanter surroundings increased rapidly as you move away from the front line infantrymen’s fighting bunker on the perimeter. But with little to do during the day, a majority of Marines here have tried to add some frills to their quarters. Part of it struction battalion, whose « access to bulldozers and materials, together with knowhow ami a desire to live weU, have resulted in a rough but^highly livable cube below ground. It is complete with bunk beder curtains to shade the sleepers when their companions prefer to read at night, and assorted furniture. But as ever, the private and corporal in the front line Jfcihker have only a rubber maiden (air mattress), blanket, perhaps an ammo box for keeping a few ,s possessions and lots of ^yponjuni- keeping up with the Jones, partUjon Here life is at its swrst, a desire for comfort and part; just as it Js with front-UnT sol- lanee not corporal necessarily the need. There enough money available to do What’s required, he said. “If you really want to do something, it’s going to cost like hell.” Riot Doubted This, is somewhat different language, is precisely the conclusion reached by the Kerner Commission. “I do not think we’ll have a riot this summer in Los Angeles. I don’t like people going around predicting riots. This is very harmful and serves no useful purpose.” Mayor Sam Yorty of Los Angeles expressed, in those three sentences, an attitude widely prevalent among officials of America s cities as they approach the hot weather months. 'Tm Expecting Trouble” A nationwide survey of major cities found very few officials willing to state publicly that they are expecting trouble. One exception was police Capt. Oscar Jordan, head of Atlanta’s crime prevention bureau. “I’m expecting trouble this summer even though I’m working hard to prevent it.” he told UPI’s Henry P. Leiffer- mann. Most officials took Yorty’s line that "it won’t happen Antonio, and still one “back door” is a scarred neighborhood here.” But many of them, like which city officials hope tooiYorty, made clear that they and may not j many visitors won’t use. ¡consider optimism to be the But in just five more days, ¡only prudent public posture, will never be quite the same Gojdson also told thte group! of nearly 150 that HemisFairj will quicken the pulse of growth! and cause others to have dreams similar to the ones that made HemisFair a reality. “Instead of a steady growth rate,” Goodson «aid, "we will see quick steps forward—giant stops.” Pavilion Includes Theater Saying that the exposition would become “the heart of Texas on April 6," Goodson added, "It also will pump new energy into the arteries of a healthy state and the life-giving properties of tourism and commerce will quicken growth from border to border.’’ Southwestern Bell is one of 23 associated companies comprising the Bell System. Sharing a partnership in the majestic pavilion are the American Telephone and Telegraph Co. and Western Electric Co. The pavilion stands in the* shadow of the Tower of the Americas, at 622 feet the tallest observation tower in the Western Hemisphere. The pavilion has 10,000 square feet of floor space, including a theater which will accomodate 200 persons along standing rails. Includes Picturephone “The Magic of the Telephone” is a 10-minute combination live and filmed show produced by been able to buy whisky to add to their chemically purified water. Not a few bottles of cognac and champagne make their way surreptitiously into the camp. Families Help Out Families with men in Khe Sanh have rallied with packages of cheese, canned delicacies and occasional small bottles of liquor. Although formal movies have stopped at the shattered officers’ and noncom clubs, a battery*powered 8mm job is floating around with small spools of what men’s magazines advertise as nudist colony movies. The movies might not pass muster at a church social, but they arrive through the U.S. mails and though animated they are still less explicit than some popular calendar art. A good deal of definition !s lost showing the movies against white T-shirt thumb-tacked to an ammunition box. Pinups Abound Pinups, despite a prohibition from higher headquarters, are about the sole wall pictures. Some of the subjects might object to have their likenesses spread to a sandbag by a C-ration spoon, but they might be amused to know that in at. least one bunker, the prize pinup is referred to as “Mom.” Outfitting a bunker with style presents a number of problems! Bralnn WindthicM? K. K Lubbock Ault Glass, Inc. Now ft Used 1710 Avt. J P03-343S AB DICK ELfCTROSTAIIC C0PIIRS From $299 Up CALL P Oi-iTU LUBBOCK PRINTÍN& FARM LOANS AMERICAN STATE BANK member f . d ., < Latest estimates from Hemis- HemisFair ’68 will be a reality.!since pessimistic predictions for those without talent with ....... ...................—-----------------—-------------------— might heighten racial tensionsisaw and hammer. Ammunition ACCORDING TO TSTA Most Governor Candidates Back Teacher Pay Baise AUSTIN (AP) - Every candidate for Texas governor and lieutenant governor except one and 64 per cent of the candidates for the state senate and house have pledged strong support for a $1,000 teacher pay raise, a survey shows. The Texas State Teachers As-slinnovt-. * dates. Eighty per cent replied, and 80 per cent of those responding supporft the program, TSTA said. 3t§ Answer Of 343 house candidates, 280 answered the questionnaire. Of these, 217 gave “unqualified support" and help to bring about their own fulfillment. Whites and Negroes already are sufficiently apprehensive, in some communities, to be arming tor self-protection. Gun Sales Jump UPI correspondent Michael J. Conlon reported from Detroit: “Some gun shops are selling 35 to 40 rifles and shotguns each day compared to perhaps 10 a day before the 1967 riot. In the first two months of 1968, 2,511 pistols were registered with police—more than twice as many as in the comparable period last year.” Detroit Mayor Jerome P. boxes for 105mm howitzer shells Arson Suspected In Library Fire J ROME (AP) - The library of Rome University’s architecture school was ravaged by fire Sunday after students threw a “beat party’’ to liven up their occupation of the building. Police said they found rags soaked in gasoline in the halls and added that they suspected arsonists. The fire broke out late Saturday, after the students ended * TYPING STUDENTS IV» til- Approi. SM Sktfti PER 50 PKG. TO SKETCH ON! IDEAL POI KIOS Scratch Pads r- 4Va*5y4xV2M Cock Pad . _. AT OUR CIRCULATION DEPARTMENT ~ Awlwclu Jowl tua spttui oKu ms r03-43IX Ul with the “major” candidates for!aualiiiod SUDUOl1 l0 . Cavanaugh went on television;beatnik style dancing party in a governor and lieuten.m govw. tst.\ ™ Us " March 7 w*rn «* «** «hat classroom. I nor. Onlv Euwn# T-nrWi* sniri hi» . 1 , * .. \ l**!huvintr srims and forming! mm. ■ —............... ,, nor did Only Lugene Locke said he offered only generalized sup- îJ,u,v’n1 * salary 17 * _».__ ____j vigilante guns and groups” is forming a sure propiSl.'Srl^’toi Cr” M>"r-'5‘aBd - erwtin* the atmosphere the report of the 15-member _ . ' ‘ of mutual fear that can bring on Governor's Committee on Public .y ^ members of the 31-,a riot. School Education. member senate are up for elec- in Dearborn, a white suburb Questionnaire Sent jtion. There are 27 candidates of Detroit, the city recreation Dolph Briscoe, Waggoner seckin? thcsc 15 seats. Twenty- department is conducting a free Carr, John Hill, Preston Smith1"" responded to the question, course in pistol shooting (or and Don Yarborough "volun-nalre' *"h »«"-mauve and tcered enthusiastic support” of the program, TSTA said Ben Barnes and Don Gladden, running for the Democratic nomination for lieutenant governor, also supported it, TSTA said. A questionnaire was sent to all house and senate candi- WHILE IN LUBtOCK ... STAT WITH USI Tftoißl QhapaJüioi Ulti NICE lOOMS . . . RATCS LOWERED — SINGLES AMARILLO MSI. AT UmF MS—BOX 917 IQ** one offering qualified support. In addition, seven senators not up for election voluntarily said yes. freightened housewives. There is a waiting list of 500 persons for the course. Rumors are rife in all Detroit suburbs—and they are being fed by handbills EASY MONEY SILVER COIN WANTED •«yisf > Dims* • Qnrttn ■ Halves - 1W4 and Sask. Payisf . Alsa ksyisf Silver Certificates AKOyL Over Pasa Pufisf **3 /O V«|M Need larye quantities. Cestaet: Ted TfcmsH, 229S J4tfc Day SH7*4S11 — Nifi* SWMS3I 4 % 45 % BUSINESSMAN «an requests ywr VOTE hr SCHOOL BOARD TRUSTEE plut 4 VOTE SAT., APRrt. 4 PAIO POL. ADV.

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