Abilene Reporter-News from Abilene, Texas on February 23, 1953 · Page 25
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Abilene Reporter-News from Abilene, Texas · Page 25

Abilene, Texas
Issue Date:
Monday, February 23, 1953
Page 25
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THE ABILENE REPORTER-NEWS Abilene, Texas, Monday. Evening, Feb. 23, 195S 9-A Prehistoric Fish Offers Rare Glimpse of Hidden Sea Life WASHINGTON, D.-*C. -- Man knows amazingly little about lite In the depths of the seas. Explorers have crossed and recrossed the ocean surfaces through the ages, yet vertically they have groped only a few thousand feet at most. Below that they must search for facts blindly with nets, sonic in- itruments or thin wire ropes. Guarded by darkness, crushing* pressures and bitter cold, the deep seas hold what is virtually the earth's last unexplored frontier, the National Geographic Society says. Contrasted to what forms of life may exist there, science often knows more (bout long-extinct animals which Inhabited prehistoric teas,-hundreds of millions of years ·go. Such creatures become fossils, preserved in rock which in some distant upheaval was lifted to dry land. ' Hecently, from tropic seas off Madagascar, a fossil creature came back to life. Science gained one of its rarest glimpses into the ocean depths, and found Itself fac* ing the dim past. . 60 MILLION YEARS OLD Discovery of a living coelacanth (pronounced see-la-kanth) made headlines all over the world. This was a fish .which not long -ago science considered to have been extinct for 60,000,000 years. The South African zoologist who iped by plane to' the island where the ancient fish was brought ashore wept:with joy when he found the bluish five-foot biological treasure ·till hi good condition. Once before, in December, 1938, a coelacanth was caught. It was found in the net of a British Brawler working off the town of East London in South Africa. When identified, the discovery was hailed ·as the most important event in the study of natural history in the 20th century. The National Geographic Society's 1952 "Book of Fishes" includes a picture and descrip- ATOMASTIC modem exterior coating NOT A PAINT! Fused On With Heavy Blasting Equipment CAN'T CRACK IT OFF CANT MEL IT OFF CANT BAKE IT OFF CANT FAOI IT OFF CANT BLOW IT OFF CANT ROT IT OFF 10 YEAR GUARANTEE ALL-TEX MODERNIZERS -2937 t. Treadawar No OblifortM for l*f*fration Cell 3-1713, Ml", 1-6336 · loeMor Ico Crao* · Jones Diory Fern SOKMtO Form FlM Broeas · Hone of tner Fine Chacohres · Fro* Gulf Shrimp , At AH Tlmoi Baldwin-Newman GROCERY -- MARKET 6th t Meander Phone 44U3 or 4-fSSS Wed. Feb. 25th ' · ' : ' ' V'.F.W. / . . MEMORIAL HALL BLUE BAR RON - _ RESERVATION! AT THE MELODY SHOP THE RECORD SHOP on of that first coelacanth ever aught alive. The "East London" fish bears .he scientific name Latlmerla chal- nmae. Professor J. L. B. Smith Rhodes University College In South Africa described it by writing, "It is as if a fish of 150.000.WO ears ago had suddenly come to fe." ' · Professor Smith waited 14 years or another such find. When it ame, it was of the same family ut a different species., · The coelacanth caught In December off Anjouan in the Comoro slands, between Madagascar and he mainland, tentatively has been amed "Malanla anjouanae." The rst word honors Daniel F. Milan, rime minister of South Africa, 'ho put a special plane at Profesor Smith's disposal when word ame of the catch. Coelacanths are descendants of large and, important group of ncient sea creatues known as the crossopterygil," or "fringed - fin" ishes. These in turn envolved from rimitlve ancestral fishes, about 'hich little is known today. The crossopterygii are Important because they formed a link between' the earlier fishes and the ackboned creatures of the sea. the ertebrate fishes. Theoretically, rom these In turn came land yer- ebrates, among them mankind. Coelacanths are thought to have ranched off: the crossopterygil amlly. at about the same time as ic amphibious creatures which irst crawled from the sea onto and. Their discovery today, In a tage of arrested development, of- ers a vital piece of evidence for his scientific theory. Coelacanths can be traced back y fossil remains to the Devonian ra--between 300,000,000 and 400- WO.OOO years ago. Huge clumsy sh, they were characterized by heir peculiar fringed fins, by a air of bony plates beneath their bin, and by heavy scales coated with a shiny enamel-like substance, heir fins, rather than resembling le fan-like empendages of modern ·lies, were much like limbs, bony addles with a trailing fringe. .. After having flourished for near- a quarter of * billioc years, e Coelacanths seemingly vanlsh- ·d. No further fossils were found iting beyond the end of the Meso- olc era, some 50,000,000 to 80,00,000 years ago. Nothing further, is, until the "East London" ish was hauled from the sea in 938. HIDDEN FOR LONG AGES The two living Coelacanths that ow have been found-showed am- zing similarities to their prehistoric ancestors. How they sur- rived, even the scientists cannot guess. Somehow, over an ihcom- rehensibly long period of time, ·hile other groups of fishes under- r ent. many changes In 'body tracture, a few Coelacanths were ble to live relatively unchanged, and In such obscurity as. never o have left any known traces of their existence. The mystery was deepened by le fact that the -"East London" Ish was taken at t depth of only bout 40 fathoms (240 feet). The tore recent coelacanth was caught y a native fisherman in only 65 ·ft of water about 200 yards off- hore. The native beat It on the head i kill it, and silt the fish down ie middle to salt It for perserva- lon. Most of the.brain and other soft parts of the head were re- loved. But much more remained ban in the ease of the "East London" fish, when only the skin survived Intact. In addition, there s new hope that additional specimens will be caught, for natives jf the Comoro Islands told Profesor Smith they have come across xld fish now and again for many T-BONE STEAKS AT 3» CENTS A POUND--Buyers jam Marin City, Calif., market awaiting their turn to buy frozen New Zealand beef at bargain prices. AH steaks were selling for 39 cents a pound, chuck roasts went for 35 cents, ground beef for 29 cents and short ribs for 19 cents. Wally Price, one of the operators of the market, said he sold 15,000 pounds o meat to customers who queued up for two blocks. (AP Wirephoto) . United Nations Meeting May Test Relations of U.S., Allies COLLEGE PROFESSOR Cosily Rail Labor Dispute To Be Decided by 1 Man By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON,-Feb. 231*1 -- One of the biggest and most potentially expensive labor cases 'in history is about to be decided by one man. The case involves claims by unions representing IVt million railroad workers for a wage boost that would cost an estimated half- billion dollars. A ruling is expected soon from Paul N. Guthrie, 48-year-old University of North Carolina economics professor, whose decision will be binding on Industry and unions alike. The case was submitted to voluntary arbitration, and Guthrie was picked for the job. Besides the vast amount of money and number of workers involved, the case is significant because the unions asked for the raise to compensate them for "productivity" increases in the industry. They contend the · carriers have grown steadily more efficient over long period of years and they want a fixed annual pav raise to give the workers a cut in the gain. The railroads have argued that the whole Idea of annual "productivity" pay raises for workers is dangerous, that it is a novel pay theory that would touch off similar wage raises throughout Industry, and that rail stockholders, not the workers, should be main beneficiaries from productivity gains. The carriers contended, too, that The carriers contended, too, that increased efficiency was a factor in giving rail workers pay raises all through the years. Stockholders, the roads said, have fared worse in dividends than workers have In pay,raises, yet it was investor money that bought the facilities--new locomotives, better roadbeds, etc. -- which were declared chiefly responsible for constantly raising efficiency. The pay boosts are sought under labor contracts negotiated In 1950. Nineteen unions say they are en- Young Heart Victims Con Lead Almost Normal Lives ded to 6-cent hourly boosts for each of the years 1950-1951, 1951-52 and 1952-53, or a total now of 18 ents an hour. The pay claims came up under provision of the union contracts aying that after-last July 1, If ational wage stabilization policies permitted, the unions could seek gher wages based on Increased roductivity. It was further pro- tied that if negotiations failed, White House was to step in o decide (1) whether national nlicy allowed productivity raises, ud (2) What the amount should be. Guthrie was chosen by former resident Truman to arbitrate the nints. Guthrie quick!/ decided hat national policy allowed such Increases. He is now facing the econd problem: How much, If nythlng, should the raise amount D? At hearings before Guthrie in ew York during January/Robert homas, Chicago attorney, con- ended for the. railroads that rail orkers are better, paid by about 5 cents an hour than employes In manufacturing industries. Rail management also contended can't afford higher wages. It aid that even though rail revenues f more than 10 billion dollars last ear were the highest in history, he carriers earned only about 4 per cent on Investment. E. L. Oliver, Washington econo- list, carried the brunt of the union rgument. He said railroads always make more money after pay- ng a wage Increase, regardless of ow earnestly they say they can't fford it. The "productivity" pay raise has teen chiefly limited up to now to contracts.between the CIO United iUto Workers and the big auto manufacturers. Under these agree- ents, the auto workers get t 4- ent hourly gain each year as an improvement factor." Part of the rail union argument Is that sharing of efficiency profits 'ith workers guarantees continued lurchaslng power to provide mar- its for continually rising output. Both the AFL and CIO are now renewing demands for greater CHICAGO--Life with an ailing heart'can be long, full'and useful. The knowledge of this fact it the best, medicine for a child so afflicted, In the opinion of Dr. Tames A. Brussel, Queen- Village, N . Y . ; · ' . : ' "Not many years ago, the child who .had survived the acute phase of rheumatic heart disease faced future of questionable length with a gloomy sense of utter futility," By. Brussel wrote in Today's Health, published by the American Medical Association. 'Soon he would become imbued with the thought that be was of no use to the world and little to himself. On an already handicapped cardiac system, this psychological burden had « ravaging ef- ect, and no Infrequently prema- ure demise was the result--sometime: self-inflicted because of the very mental factors." . Today, however, there if much to be done for cardiac children, and every reason to be confident a brighter future 1» available for them, be stated. Achievement of this brighter future is not merely (contest between the worker and the child's physical handicap, Dr. Brussel stressed. It is a campaign Involving the child, his family, hit environment, his training, hli future, and his mental attitifdet--in, fact, his whole world. i I Diseases of the heart have obvious social Implication! for the patient and the community. There can be no choice between the Invalid totally dependent on charity and welfare support and the rehabilitated cardiac who is sell-tut- flelent and economically and spiritually independent, according to Dr. Brussel. Parents Lourn, Tea Parents, ai well as the ehlU mutt learn am attitudeof optimism at "no cardiac th04 eaa matter hli dUaWltty ta u ontnnnwnt that (bunt ktra and mate Urn feel be k u unwanted ~ |^_ ^mtmmml n'nlnl ' I'' J_ll ,' ur. BiuMci pmnov, OQC.' Children mutt be taught that tf th*7 fttnat tb*tr*4*mag*d kMria to build up reserve and strength y avoiding emotional and physl- ·al strain, they can anticipate com- paratlve equality l a t e r in an in adult world, Dr. Brussel stated. If this is done, the average cardiac child, before he reaches adolescence, instinctively learns to know his own limitations, he is aware of his physical capacity, and as makes progress, he can tell ust how much he can safely at- empt. Malayan Government Plans New Colleges KUALA LUMPUR, Malaya UR-The Malayan government is plan nlng the building of two more col eges .concerned primarily with training; teachers for Chinese schools. Assistant Director of Edu cation L. I. Lewis, tayt one of the colleges win be built in Malacca and the other in Jobore. There it already one such college In Pe- lanf. .: ' The colleges are initially expect ed to turn out 80 new teachers each Supervisor, 86, Is Still Active OSHEN, N. Y. I* -- John Oood- ·ich of Newburgh it 96 and still i very active member of the Grange County board of supervisors. Until last year be made it a point to cover the 21 miles from Newburgh to the county seat on toot at least once a year, partly to prove that he could and partly to keep In touch with people and developments on his side of the county. UNITED NATIONS, N. Y., Feb. 23 W -- The U. N. Geueral Assembly meets Tuesday for a session which may put to a severe test the relations between the United States and its allies. Friction has been evident for some time and has become more pronounced, particularly on Far Eastern questions, since the Elsen- hower administration took office a month ago. Much of this has been kept under cover, but with the opening of the Assembly everything will come into the open. The Eisenhower administration will unveil Its policies on such matters as Kona and the allies of the United States will give their views. ' Negotiations The U. S. policies have not been disclosed, but the allies--headed by Britain and France--do not like any of the measures being mentioned to put more pressure on the Communists. They still believe the best way Is through further negotiation. Thus, many delegates feel, the United States may find itself wlth- qut substantial support if it comes to the Assembly with proposals for tighter embargo on Red China or greater military contributions by U. N. members. The U. S. also faces sharp criticism for its handling of the Inquiry into the loyalty of American U. N. employes. Some friendly countries, as well as some neutrals, have expressed the belief privately tint the U. S. has damaged the international character of the Secretariat by making such a clamor over the loyalty question and by sending U. S. representatives into U. N. buildings to finger print Americans employed there. These are two of the major Issues before the session, known officially as the second part of the seventh General Assembly. The first part opened last Oct. 14 and ended Dec. 22. The second part s expected to run six to eight weeks. Other questions on the agenda include: 1. Reduction of armaments and atomic control. 2. Methods of strengthening peace through collective measures. 3. Communist charges of American subversive activities in Iron Curtain countries. 4. A Polish plan which calls for an Immediate cease-fire in Korea and conclusion of a peace pact by the five big poweri. Woman Gives 46th Pint of Blood WAUKEGAN, 111. (« -- This city's leading woman blood donor says giving blood is just about as easy as falling off a log. Mrs. Carl Hellman donated her 46th pint of blood she's given in the space of 11 years -- an.average of over four pints a year. "I've never experienced any after - effects," she says. "Giving blood Is a little thing to ask, and It's the least a person can do to help the boys in the service." Pricks Conscience DBS MOINES I* -- E. E. Edwards' eyes popped when he opened a letter he received recently at his filling station. The letter, postmarked at Vlcl, Okia., said the writer had inadvertently carried off a pencil belonging to Edwards when he was in Des Moines last summer. "I didn't give it much thought, but must pay for it because it Isn't mine," the letter said. Enclosed in the letter was one nickel. UNDERWOOD'S PIT BARBECUE LUNCHIS -- SANDWICHES , BARIECUt TO GO CUSTOM COOKINO 1933 Pine WIN DAILY 10 A. M. to · P. M. NOW OPEN FOR BUSINESS Hamilton Gilliam DRIVE-IN DAIRY GRADE A JERSEY MILK lottM t R*fri9*rated 80C Gallon ' On* Mil* South Stot* Hospital Phone 2-0961 AdiiH--35t juivs^ssr ChiVd--,09c Oi*n T* 0*... urn Neighbors Wo now »*o«,o*Mur oorrko, nore Mo one 1 Mlor MICK'S MOILED IURGERS W. THi 4 PirHi. 1-1772 FOOD AT ITS BEST Is obtained by expert preparation. You mutt also have the best of ingredients whether it be meati, spices and etc. Even though thes* preparations coit more ... we continually strive t» give our patroni the best. Mack Eplen's RESTAURANT 3rd at Hickory. FREE! Utt of The Uritt UMM Sound FIOIIICM In The Wholo Setrrhwert FOR RENT Finttt Radio £ Sound Equipment Serrkt In Wmt TIM* SolM -- Service On All MokM of 16MM Sound Projector! WEST TEXAS FILMCRAFT Ph. 3-1111 1311 Butternut A COMPLETE MEAL 30' Phone In An Ordert 2-0417 GRAPE INN 1001 Onu Dtlkloui ALL WHITE CHICKEN Meat Orders- FRIED, TASTY, DELICIOUS AND TENDER Dixie Pig 1401 lurromirt Hione 2-OOM PARK T itU.t TIMES TO-N1TE* DOUBLE FEATURE MAJUOMI PVRCY MAIN · KILBRIDE * ALSO * WOODY WOODftCXm v LATHY NIWS ·j. So. !«*--N,. 4-*S07 ant ELMWOOD SKYLINE DRIVE-IN LAST NIGHT CARTOONS snows AT i » 10 anal ncHBi. ·awe 5. U. S. demands for an impartial inquiry into Soviet charge! that U. N. forces used germ warfare in Korea. , 6. Appointment of a new secretary general to succeed Trygvi^ Lie, who turned In his resignation st November but still is serving., Thinking of a dinner party E Come by and see three beautiful rooms at THE CHICKEN SHACK available for party reservations. We can also make table reservations Try The Chicken Shack for the best fried chicken ever! And good Barbecue dinners. Phone 2-3869 Drive In KEY CITY 1750 N. Treadawoy Phono 3-2351 Its Two New Pictures For The Price Of One Coold She Bo A Sinner When Sho Wot So Chfld-liko? Tht Evor.Livlni Story Tilt Ncvtr-Dylne Glory ·4 Our DtstrBytr Fleet! TEXAS MON.--TUB. Wllib · · · vnnsti RW.-.WVMAH PLUS II HIGH SIERRA' STATE Bm'Ottiu uponi 5:45 , "Trail Of Th* Lontwm* Pin*" HINRY FONDA . _ PLUS "Lucky Nick Cain" GEORGE SA'T LINDA Bo Office Op.ni 10:45 Tornado Range" EDDIE DEAN PLUS "Walk East On Beacon" GEORGE MURPHY TOWER T\A/m DRIVE-IN I TV I M THEATRF LAST DAY Doublt Fteturo On Screen 1 * Surfing MTKII · J»» USUf · Won! ION pi us OF IDAHO Martini . ESTHER WILLIAMS VANJOHNSON JOHN LUND NEWS if COLOR CARTOON C R E S C E DRIVE-IN THEATRE LAST DAY "Willi* and Joe Back at th* Front" Starring Tom -fc Horvey IwoH Lorn Beck _ -- PLUS -- "THE Jiff IRON MAN" t«lyn Kcrci 2 -- COLO* CARTOONS -- 2 "DIOVIE MAGICl Uf\Uf AOULT * I.M NUT? CHILD «-ll . .M ·*· if

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