Pottsville Republican from Pottsville, Pennsylvania on September 16, 1939 · 1
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Pottsville Republican from Pottsville, Pennsylvania · 1

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Pottsville, Pennsylvania
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Saturday, September 16, 1939
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POTTSVILLE EVENING Republican "V-NO. 129 Entered 2d Man PotumUe, P- P O under Act Iter S. tH POTTSVILLE, PiL, MONDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 18, 1939 THREE CENTS ussia Invades Poland and Nation ollapses As Its Leaders Flee ilish Army Streams Into imania and Is Disarmed Reds and Nazis to Divide Poland As Sudden Turn Ends War in East drift 56 nurs w nen . v , ip is Sunk Four Americans Saved: Two Americans and peiji id fere Lost The Netherlands erroTj rf 56 hours hung today over -.ran survivors of the fr gh'er Ronda. sunk rorthern coast of :.; -is, with a loss of 17 - and 15 members I -, - flown wim use xr.austed by theii I a graphic story of the ( -eceding their res-. ship Providenza them here. ! taade it I don't know," ?phine Allen Dun-B& ' of Richmond. Va . by waves as the ssri settled. l eers just :ucKy. sam ran vaukee. Wis., de r 4? lori as credited with sav 1 - s aunt, Mrs. Elite - Etchison, formerly of 'hose 13-year-old , Nan. . was among those farv.vors said Hilgendorf r . , tri tw0 bating r a Norwegian sailor M fete, into a boat. whl American survivor was ' Ann Arbor 'ssr.y of Michigan stu-I Ckeior. Felts of Odessa, Mo., mM bad beeh studying in f i among those lost. 1st :kd up by the Provi - .Americans and 18 - ere crowded into icd for 10 persons In i".a--sd" to the Ronda's te which the ship's qe as the vessel set- lid the Ronda sank st king the mine ! was no itinre to pSAW RADIO KiPEST.. Se'pt 18. flPlr-Wr r .'vinknown here to-f fa capital's lone " ; . ".ast contact with teifc -.i. remained iiient PS$w night ' the "all's well" signal i nightly at 'Mite the tinkling ' xylophone music rrts that the city out against the CERNAUTI, Rumania, Sept. 18 JP) Poland's government in flight from two invaders sought today a foreign haven for continued operations. Close on heels of President Ig-n&ce Moscicki, Foreign Minister Jozef Beck and a government party of 56, stunned divisions of Poland's defenders, disarmed at the border, began streaming into neutral Ru mania. Behind them, reports from Berlin and Moscow indicated, a remnant Poland's scattered armies still fought invasion from the east and west Foreign Minister Beck's first move was expected to be notification of heads of diplomatic missions to his country that their work was ended. Plans after that were not imme diately disclosed. Some expressed belief the officials would continue south from this frontier town to Rumania's capital. They have been informed they must engage in no political activity and arrange to leave as soon as possible. Observers' said it was understood the officials might circle to Paris oi London to set up an emergency seat of government Bombard Open Towns Meanwhile, through Franklir. Mott Gunther, U. S. minister tc Bucharest, President Moscicki sen a telegram to President - RooseveL protesting that German planes hac bombarded methodically and witi premeditation" open towns in Poland. The telegram added: "There are thousands of dead and wounded in the civil population tu cities without a military objective. Moscicki said the telegram was ir. insply- to. Mr. Roosevelfcs,. message net at the start of hostilities xo ai. belligerents, asking that there be no bombardment of open cities. Rumania massed troons behin." her border and established inspec tion stations for disarming Polish soldiers. Hope To Fight Again The Poles tramped In wearily carrying full equipment. Many sai they weren't through fighting. They told of plans to form a foreign legion and face German troops again With the soldvers came hundred- of civilian refugees in wagons, auto mobiles and afoot. Polish fliers joined the exodus By 10 P. M. last night (4 P. M.. EST) 132 Polish planes had landed in groups at Cernauti More were reported on the way. Their number was so great for the limited landing space that the 3mall airport was jammed. One plane landed on top of three others, destroying all four. The planes and crews were interned. German planes were reported dose to the Polish-Rumanian border. Word of bombings came from several points along the fronties. A misdirected bomb killed and injured several in the nearby Rii- jmanian village of Wignitz. 11 A. M. EDITION "i- Republican" Kftue an 11 A. ?: as long as it to war news. ill be in addi-h. regular 3:30 P. M. L and wUl be on Bdt both in Potts-nding towns and" ! boys at the major to Puttsvilie. to called to the tiet I and transports-hie render the Papers five or r "sUIf by the time tUvtUe. The news an will print In K edition wiir be ts of the Asso-'re service which exclusively re- this area. ditlon will be a Paper including "ws and advertise - n evions day. but 'he-mmnte with developments. 'he i tc NEUTRALITY AS PARTY ISSUE Borah Hopes to Have Caucus Vote to Oppose Changing Act WASHINGTON, Sept. 18. UP) Friends of Senators Borah (R.Idaho) and Nye (R.-N.D) . predicted today they would seek to align Senate Republicans as a group against President's Roosevelt's proposal to repeal the embargo against arms shipments to warring nations. Although the Senators were silent as to their intentions, persons close to them said there "j as no doubt they would try to &tain an endorsement, from a majority at a party conference, of their stand for retention cf the embargo-Borah ind Nye contend that the sale of arms to France and Great Britain would be the first step toward eventual involvement of this country in war. Like many others on both sides of the controversy over the arms embargo provision of the Neutrality Act, they say Britain and France would he the beneficiaries of repeal because their seapower would prevent Germany from getting arms here. With this as the basis of their campaign, the two Senators were represented as believing they could convince most of their colleagues that they would be doing the patriotic thing to oppose the President's program. They were likely to meet opposition, however, from Senators Austin of Vermont the assistant Republican leader, and Taft of Ohio, (Continued on Page Two) Russia's Aim to Reclaim All Former Territory; Say Invasion Was To Protect Russian Minorities and Claim Populace Welcomed Them With Cheers; Nazi and Red Armies Are Nearing a Junction Point MOSCOW, Sept. 18, (AP) The Red armies of Soviet Russia swept deeper into war-weakened Poland from the east today as diplomatic circles predicted the buffer-state created after the World War would be divided again between its two invaders. Word from the Red army general staff of a constantly narrowing wedge between Russian and German troops revived reports an armistice in the European war will be proposed as soon as Poland's fate is determined. Such a proposal, diplomatic sources said, might be made by Russia on Germany's axis part- With the first move from the east that pinned Poland in a vise yesterday. Moscow informed Poland's allies, Britain and France, the Soviet Union would follow a neutral policy toward them. To Protect Minorities In a radio broadcast by Premier- Foreign Commissar Vyacheslaff Molotoff and in his notes to 24 governments represented in Moscow, crossing of the frontier was describ-ed as necessary to protect one 2-Rusrln minorities in Eastern Poland. 1 Molotoff said the' Polish govern ment "ceased to exist" and the minorities 11,000,000 White Russians and Ukrainians were "abandoned entirely to their fate." The Red army advance was reported general along a 500-mile frontier between Latvia on the north and Rumania on the south. Deepest thrusts were said to be far to the north-rcenter of Poland's White Russian minority and in Southeastern Poland the Ukrainian minority territory. Towns as far as 50 miles from the frontier were listed as captured in the first day's invasion. ' ' Russians said they took Glebokie, northeast of Wilno; Baranowicze, railway center 50 miles from the frontier; Oubno, northeast of Lwow. and Tarnopol, in the Ukrainian section southeast of Lwow. Amies 58 Miles Apart That would place the Russian and German armies within 68 miles of each other. That is the distance from Dubnot to Wlodzimierz, re ported held by German troops north Of Lwow. Advance guards of the two forces would be even closer southeast of Lwow. German mechanized units were reported to nave crossed a railway southeast of Lwow. Russian advance troops were said to be in Tarnopol, within 50 miles of the railroad. At Baranowicze, German planes and Russian troops struck at the same objectives. A general staff communique said the Russians defeated several "weak advance units and reserves of the Polish army' at points where there was resistance. A Russian, broadcast said Red army troops had been given jubilant welcomes by the population of White Russia and in the Polish Ukraine. It made no mention of fighting, although the radio last night acknowledged the Poles were putting up resistance. Russia Claims It Was Welcomed The broadcast said inhabitants of the previously Russian regions were greeting Soviet soldiers with flowers, and that political workers attached to the Russian army already had organized meetings to propound benefits of life in the Soviet Union and promise the same to Ukrainians and White Russians. Newspapers were filled with accounts of meetings in factories and on collective farms throughout Russia acclaiming the Government's decision to "march into Poland. Invasion from the east reported Germans Pour Troops Into Western Line to Meet French Attacks PARIS, Sept. 18, (Thousands of steel-helmeted German reserves were reported flooding into ' the Siegfried line today to strengthen Germany's stand against the French advance on Nazi soil. The movement of German reserves toward' the western front was regarded by military experts here as a sign Nazis expect Polish resistance on the eastern front to collapse soon. Russia's invasion of Poland has shocked France, although the nation expected it The press condemned it almost unanimously as treachery -Officially, however, France gave no hint whether she would classify the Russian move as an act of war against Allied interests, or accept the Soviet explanation that the invasion was undertaken merely to protect Russian interests. To Crush HlUertaa Official circles, nevertheless, emphasized France and Great Britain were determined to "crush Hitler-ism" and free Poland of foreign troops. Premier Daladier came back from the GermaBsFreneh front to study the new circumstances. Be had been visitog h army of Pottos in lines reported within German territory. Even as the Premier returned, praising the morale of French soldiers, it wag reported Germany was releasing whole trainloads of Nazi troops to stiffen her west wall defense. Opens S upplle Channel , What many Frenchmen had predicted apparently was approaching reality German and Russian forces were nearing a junction close to the Rumanian frontier, where they would have a channel for Russia to send Germany supplies for her war in the west Frenchmen wondered what ,suc cess this might have in counteracting the British-French naval blork- aae, a factor in Germany's World War defeat Balkans Endangered Informed sources here reran k. entry of Russia into Poland a blow to neutrality of small states of Southeastern Europe. iney consider Rumania particularly endangered because she hold: territory once belonging to Russia Should the conflict spread to the Balkans, these source s expect a quick reaction from Turkey N'asis ami Reds May Clash In some French quarters also it is believed the Russian action may bring the official policy of Italy-still on the sidelines although a military ally of German into sharper focus. Some Frenchmen even profess to see helpful signs in Poland since, they say. there is bound to be mutual distrust between Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin with both their armies on the same foreign soil. French Dominate Saar Valley The French army now firmly holds the kft bank of the Saar River from the German border city of Saarguemines, where the river enters Germany, to Melzig, where it nears Luxembourg. inus, me French dominate the whole Saar Valley, rich industrial region which they have said more than offsets German mineral gains in the conquest of Polish Silesia, Governor's Son Dies BaaaaaHaW BeaWi sbbbbbLbbB German Advance Continues But Resistance Has Almost Ended; Demand Immediate Surrender of Warsaw; Berlin Chides England for Not Declaring War On Russia and Says Africa and Asia Come Next By Alvin 3. Steinkopf British Aircraft Carrier Torpedoed and Sunk starred yesterday at 6 a. m. (10 p nu 1ST, Saturday), came two days after Russia and Japan called an armistice along the border of Soviet-controlled Outer Mongolia and Japanese - dominated Manchoukuo Pour months of intermittent batthmr there had kept Russia's attention turned to the east First intimation that Russian uups were crossing the border ifT" me raaio broadcast by aBHSBBSf ,72 Square Miles To Be Taken He said the White Russian and Utoaauan minorities, which occupy ,?23 square miles of Polish t- tory. would be taken under Russian "protection. mi "No one knows the whereabouts of the Polish Government" he said. "In view of this state of affairs, treaties concluded between the Soviet Union and Poland have ceased to operate.' Extent of the territory Russia intends to occupy was not disclosed. 1 Aiier we world War, 101.196 square miles of former Russian ter- nrary were included in Poland. Arthur H. James, Jr., 26-year-old son of Pennsylvania's Governor, died in a BoonvfUe, Mo., hospital, early Sunday morning, following an appendicitis operation performed Friday. Young James had enrolled in Kemper Military Academy a week ago. (Associated Press Photo) ARTHUR JAMES BURIAL WEDNES. Son of Governor Passed Away Shortly After Midnight, Sunday HARRISBURG, Sept. 18 UP) Th body of Arthur H. James, Jr., 20-year-old son of the Pennsvlvania Governor,, was brought to the executive mansion today to lie in state. Governor James, his daughter Dorothy, and other relatives returned from Boonville, Mo., whence triey had flown Friday night when the youth underwent an .emergency appendicitis operation. Young Arthur had enrolled at the Kemper Military School, Boonville, a week ago. Death came to the affable, husk; young James at 12:27 a. m. (EST) Sunday. An atending physirian said . - . - 1 . a streptococcus lniecuon iiau de veloped about three hours after the operation. The Governor was at the bedside Dorothy was flying to Boonville when "Brother, 'as he was affectionately known, died. James' wife died in 1S35. Since the executive took office lsat January 17, death has entered his circle of relatives three tunes, and struck down several close friends. The Governor's mother-in-law. Mrs. Grace Morris, who lived with the family at Plymouth for many years, died in a Wilkes-Bar re Hospital on March 8. Three months later ,a cousin, John J. Robert Plymoum Borough Controller, succumbed to a series of operations, and less, than two months ago, Montague Morns 01 fLingsxon, another cousin, died. Estes said the youth's body would be taken from Hams our g to Plvmouth tomorrow morning. Fun eral services, he said, will be held Wednesday at 2 p. m. from the fam ily home in the mining town which knew the blond-haired lad as a lovable wise-crackimr youth Burial will be in nearby Hanover Green Cemetery. Part of that territory already has been occupied by German troops.) Moscow diplomatic quarters said Germany might ask to retain Dan-. zxg. Silesia and other one-time German sections, and call for return of White Russia and Ukrainia to Russia and creation of a narrow Polish buffer state between. BERLIN. Sept. 18, (AP) Two powerful forces the mighty German military machine on the west and the vast Soviet Russian Army on the east were crushing Poland today under the. weight of overwhelming odds. At the very gates of Warsaw, abandoned by fleeing government leaders, German troops waited impatiently for the Polish capital to capitulate. In the east, Russian forces which crossed the border yesterday were reported bearing down all along the extensive frontier which divides Poland from the Soviet. News reaching Berlin indicated the Red troops had penetrated as much as 28 miles into Poland with little opposition. and no one here could guess where they proposed to stop. (A Russian general staff communique in Moscow last night indicated their point of furthest pene tration was Baranowicze, a railroad center about 50 miles inside Poland from Russian frontier.) To Meet To Divide Poland It seemed certain, however, that the Russian and German armies would meet somewhere in mid-Poland. There were even rumors in Berlin that Nazi and Red leaders might meet today somewhere near B rest-Li tovsk (Brzesc and Bugiem) to discuss the fate of the crumbling Polish republic. Meanwhile. German forces continued their drive to the southeast. The high command announced that opposition was crumbling and that defeated and shattered remnants of. the Polish army were in virtual dissolution. Nazi troops were reported advancing both north and south of Lwow (Lemberg), capital of the Polish Ukraine. One force was said to be approaching Drohobycz, 40 miles southwest of the city. Other forces fere reported pressing on toward Magierow, 30 miles northwest of Lwow, and Krasnystaw, still further to the north; Polish Government Flees According to information here, the Polish government including President Ignace Moscicki already had fled across the Rumanian border. That no new action had been reported around Warsaw since submission of a German ultimatum demanding surrender of the capital was taken in Berlin as an indication that negotiations for capitulation were under way. The Berlin radio, in dramatic messages to the Warsaw commander which all Europe could hear last night, gave instructions as to the manner in which Polish emissaries were to leave the capital to meet the German commander. Expect Peaceful Surrender The high command, reported the defenders had agreed to dispatch emissaries to the German lines, but no response was heard here. Government officials here said that the German arm ywas solicitous over Warsaw's civilian population and that the city would be bombarded only as a last resort to smash remaining military opposi tion. In view of the fact no effective military resistance appeared to re main, German leaders said they would exercise patience. "You .are seeing history being turned out with assembly line efficiency,' one foreign office spokesman declared. Africa and Asia Nest Possibly significant In tins connection were repeated German radio assertions early today that "the peonies in Africa and Asia now dominated by England await the LONDON. Sept. 18 t The Brit ish Aircratf Carrier Courageous has been lost by submarine action." the Admiralty announced today. It said survivors had been picked up by destroyers and merchant ships which were bringing the rescued to land. :.s .. Jane's fighting ships lists the Courageous as a 22. 500-ton warship launched February 5, 1916. Her complement was 1216, including Royal Airforce personnel, and she could "carry 48 aircraft.) The Admiralty said the enemy submarien was hotly attacked by destroyers and was believed to have been sunk. The Courageous was on service with the reserve fleet and was carrying a "reduced complement" of planes, the Admiralty said.. She joined the reserve fleet last August The vessel, it added, had -been performing very good service pro tecting the ships of the merchant service." The announcement did hot say where the loss occurred. Crew of 1200 Reduced An undetermined number of seamen and fliers aboard the 22,500-ton warship were saved. The Ministry of Information in an authorized statement said the full complement of the courageous, plus the personnel of the fleet air arm, was "about 1.200 officers and men. When sunk, she had a reduced complement of aircraft and therefore, presumably a somewhat smaller crew." The Admiralty said the usual air craft complement of 48 planes had been reduced since August. Silent As To Location There was no indication 01 where the Courage sumably she was attacked m sea lanes close to home waters, either in the Atlantic or North Sea. . "Since the opening of hostilities, she had been perfoitning very good service in protecting ships of the mercantile marine, against U-boat attacks," the Admiralty said. Presumably this meant the Cour ageous had been a major factor, both in convoying merchant ships, and in launching aircraft to attack submarines from the air. A Converted Cruiser Jane's Fighting Ships, authoritative work on world fleets, described the Courageous as a converted cruiser of 22,500 tons 26,500 tons full load). She originally was intended for Baltic service. First built in February, 1916, Jane's figures showed her to be the oldest but one of the largest of the six British ware raft used a satr-craft carriers. Jane's gave her thickest armour plate as three inches on her sides an d amidships. She carried 16 4.7 inch guns, four three-pounders, and 17 smaller pieces. The beam of her flight deck was 100 feet an dher overall length was 78614 feet. Second Big Loss The Admiralty's announcement of the loss of the Courageous came two weeks after the world learned that the British liner, Athenia. had been sunk by a torpedo in the first hours of war between Germany and Great Britain. September 3, 24 British merchant ships have been announced as vic tims of what the 'British government has described as unrestricted German submarine warfare! On the other hand, the fleet and the royal air force have ranged far M and have been officially reported as sinking numerous submarines. Simultaneously a general convoy system had been pressed, but this had naturally been a slow undertaking on British sea lanes which circle the globe. The urgencies of military strategy prevented an accurate estimate of the effect the sinking of the Courageous would have on the British war against undersea attack, or on the position of the fleet as a whole, it was said. day of final settlement of their with the British Empire." -It's Warsaw today, but the story Hitler Must Go Is British Decision Treachery of Russia Had Been Anticipated and Situation Has Not Been Changed By Tragedy in Poland, Says London By MAX HARRELSOS LONDON, Sept 18 (JrV-The Brit. ' ish government was represented today as more than ever determined to fight Germany to a finish despite the new situation created by Soviet Russia's invasion of Poland. Just bow important these new complications would be was not immediately dear. The government continued ta shady the situation, but remained was wftk, but pre- Z7t uclUTO The possibility of action such as Russian farces took against Poland yesterday, informed sources said, had been taken into account by Britain and France from the moment the German-Russian non-aggression pact was signed Aug. 24. NaU Must Go Authoritative quarters said toe new developments in no way altered Britain's belief there can be no peace until the Nazi regime in Germany is wiped out. The big question, however, was- Britain's future relations with Soviet Russia. Britain had the charge of the Polish Embassy here that Russia violated the Polish frontier by an "act of direct aggression.' (A similar complaint against Germany, made in London by Polish Ambassador Count Edward Ra-czynski. who invoked the British-Polish mutual assistance treaty after German armies invaded Poland Sept 1, brought Great Britain Into the war against Germany Sept. 3. 'Britain and France, which also entered the rar in fulfillment of treaty obligations to Poland, are bound to help defend Polish independence against any aggression 1 Stab la The Back Complicating the involved situation was the Soviet government's declaration it would pursue a policy of neutrality with Britain. The cabinet was considering today whether Parliament should be called before its scheduled meeting Wednesday. Prime Minister Chamberlain was expected to make a statement en the situation Wednesday, if not before. The British press, meanwhile, vigorously attacked Russia for what it called the "stab in the back" and the "betrayal" of Pound. is by no means finished." an informed spokesman said. V Why Net War On Rossis? Another asked why England has not declared war on Russia in view of the Soviet advance into Poland. "According to the mutual assistance pact with Poland," he said, "Britain is obliged to resist anyone undertaking an invasion of Poland. The case seems to be clear.'. It was not expected here that any meeting of Nazi and Russian military leaders which ' conceivably might take place immediately could settle the fate of Poland. - It was pointed out political questions outside the sphere of army commanders are involved m the crumbling of the republic. Pending settlement of political issues which would follow this development it was expected there would be a German -Russian agreement regarding military control of certain portion. of Poland. 28 AMERICANS LOST ON ATHENIA WASHINGTON. Sept. IS 'JP Tr State Department, disclosing that 28 Americans, including three Phil- ' adeiphians. believed to have been on the British steamer Athenia were still unaccounted for, sought further information today about the sinking of the ship before taking diplomatic action. CALM NIGHT ON THE FRENCH FRONT PARIS, Sept. 18, OPV Th French War Ministry's morning communique follows: The night was eahn on the entirety of the front There was local activity by advance guards.'' POLISH ARMY HEAD FLEES TO RUMANIA ROME, Sept. 18, VP) Stefani, the official Italian news agency, reported today mat Marshal Edward Smigly-Rydz, chief of the Polish army, had arrived in Cerranti. Rumania, with his en 'are general stafta.

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